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nirma syllabus

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nirma syllabus

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Fourier Series - Periodic functions, Dirichlets conditions, Fourier series, Eulers formulae, Fourier expansion of periodic functions with period 2, Fourier series of even and odd functions, Fourier series of periodic functions with arbitrary periods, half range Fourier series, Harmonic analysis. Laplace Transforms : Motivation, Definition, Linearity property, Laplace transforms of elementary functions, Shifting theorem Inverse Laplace transforms of derivatives and integrals, Convolution theorem, Application of Laplace transforms in solving ordinary differential equations, Laplace transforms of periodic, Unit step and Impulse functions. Ordinary Differential Equations : Linear differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients, complimentary function, particular integral, method of variation of parameters, Higher order linear differential equations with variables coefficients (Cauchys and Legendre forms), Simultaneous linear differential equations, Models for the real world problems and their solutions in particular, Modelling of electric circuits, Deflection of beams, Free oscillations, Forced oscillations, Resonance. Partial Differential Equations : Formation of Partial differential equations, Directly integrable equations, Models of Engineering problems leading to first order partial differential equations. Langranges equation. Applications to the Wave equation, one-dimensional heat and Laplace equation. Telegraphic and telephone equation. Numerical Methods Motivation, Errors, Truncation error, Rounded off error, Absolute error, Relative error and Percentage error, Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations by Newton-Raphson, Bisection, False position, iteration methods, Convergence of these methods. Text Books: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics (Third Edition) Vol-II, By Dr. K.R. Kachot. 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics (Fifth Edition), Erwin Kreyszig. Reference Books: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics, By Dr. B.S. Grewal. Publisher: Khanna, New Delhi. 2. Elementry Differential Equations, By W.E.Boyce and R.Diprima 3. Numerical Methods for Engineers with Programming and Software Applications by S.C. Chapra and R.P. Canale, Publisher: McGraw-Hill, Newyork 1998 4. Fourier Series & Boundary Value Problems by R.V. Churchill & J.W. Brown, ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (Subject Code: 2HM203) L T PC 2 1 0 3

Objective- To acquaint the engineering students with the basic concepts of Economics & Management with emphasis on their application. Basic Economic Concepts- Definition, Micro and Macroeconomics. Concept of Utility. National Income concepts. Concepts and types of economic planning.Factors of Production. Market Demand Analysis- Demand Function and Law of Demand, factor influencing demand, Demand forecasting Cost Concepts- Concepts of Costs and Revenues.

Break Even Analysis Management- Concept , importance & nature. Functions and Skills Management: Taylor's Scientific Management Theory. Fayol's Administrative Theory Planning, Decision Making, Organising, Coordination, Directing, Motivation, Controlling Human Resource Management- Functions of Human Resource Management Recruitment, Selection ,Training & Development., Discipline. Performance Appraisal. Grievance handling Industrial Relation. Communication. Leadership Text/Reference: 1. Organization & Management R.D. Agrawal 2. Essentials of Management J. Massie 3. Industrial Economics & Management O.P. Kharna 4. Personnel Management- Arun Monnapa & Saiydden Mirza 5. Modern Economic Theory K.K. Dewett 6. Advanced Economic Theory- H.L. Ahuja CONTROL THEORY (Subject Code: 2IC201) L T PC 4 1 0 5

Introduction To Control Systems- Introduction, examples of control systems, closed loop control versus open-loop control Mathematical Modeling Of Dynamic Systems - Introduction, transfer function and impulse response function, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, modeling in state space, state representation of dynamic systems, mechanical systems, electrical systems, Analogy of systems. Modeling using MATLAB Transient Response Analysis- Introduction, First order systems, second order systems, Steady state error for unity feedback system, Type of system & error constant, transient response analysis with MATLAB Stability- Introduction, R-H criterion Root locus analysis - introduction, root locus plots, summary of general rules for constructing root loci, root locus plots with matlab, special cases, root locus analysis of control systems, root loci for systems with transportation lag, root contour plots Frequency Response Analysis- Introduction, bode diagrams, plotting bode diagrams with MATLAB, polar plots, drawing nyquist plots with MATLAB, log-magnitude versus phase plots, nyquist stability criterion, stability analysis, relative stability, closed loop frequency response, experimental determination of transfer functions. Text/Reference: 1. Modern Control Engineering by Katsuhiko Ogata4th edition, PHI 2. Control System Engineering by Nagrath & Gopal. 3. Modern Control System Theory by M.Gopal 4. Control System Engineering by Norman S. Nise SYSTEM ANALYSIS PACKAGES (Subject Code: 2IC202) L T PC 0 0 2 1

Introduction to MATLAB- Introduction to various windows and its application, Matlab environment. Matrix manipulations: Matrix formation, Matrix sum, multiplication, transpose and diagnolization. Programming Structure in Matlab- IF and else if, for, while statements. Creating and executing a function files, Data analysis and polynomial functions.

Control System Toolbox- LTI models: tf, ss, zpk, tfdata, zpkdata, ssdata. Model conversion: tf2ss, ss2tf, zpk etc.Model Dynamics: bandwitdh, damp, dcgain, pole, pzmap, rlocus, roots, zero. Model connections, Feedback, parallel, series etc. Time Response- Gensig, impulse, initial, lsim, step, ltiview Frequency Response- Allmargin, bode, bodemag, freqresp, margin, nyquist, Nichols, ngrid. LTIVIEW - As a GUI tool for the linear response analysis in both time domain and frequency domain. Problems based on MATLAB programs (Scripts) DIGITAL TECHNIQUES (Subject Code: 2IC203) L T PC 3 1 2 5

Introduction to Digital Circuits- Binary Systems, number base conversion, octal and hexa-decimal numbers, Complements, Binary codes, binary storage and registers, binary logic, Boolean algebra and logic gates, basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra, Boolean functions, canonical and standard forms of Boolean functions, digital logic gates, simplification of Boolean functions, map method, Two to six variable maps, NAND-NOR implementation and other two level implementation, dont care conditions, tabulation method, determination and selection of prime implicants. Combinational Logic Circuits- Adders, subtractors, Code converters, Analysis procedure, multilevel NAND-NOR ckts. EX-OR and equivalence functions. Binary and decimal parallel adder, magnitude comparator, Decoders, multiplexers, ROM and PLA, Introduction to PGA and FPGA Sequential Logic Circuits- Flip-flops, triggering of Flip-flops, anal conversion of flip-flops, Analysis of clocked sequential ckt. State reduction and assignments Flip-flop excitation tables. Design procedure, design of counters, and design with state equations. Register transfer Logic- Inter register transfer, arithmetic logic and Shift micro operation, conditional control statements, fixed point binary data, over flow, arithmetic shifts, decimal, floating points, non numeric data, instruction codes. Registers, Counters And Memory Unit- Registers, shift registers, ripple counters, synchronous counters, and timing sequences, memory unit. Digital Integrated Circuits- Digital IC specification terminology, Logic families-RTL, DTL,TTL, I2L, ECL,MOS,CMOS Text/Reference: 1. Digital Logic and Computer Design- M. Morris Mano , PHI publication 2. Digital Logic and Computer Design- Anand Kumar, PHI publication FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (Subject Code: 2ME222) L T PC 3 0 2 4

Introduction- Prime movers - Sources of energy - Types of prime movers - Force - Pressure - Work Power - Energy - Heat - Temperature - Units of heat - Specific heat capacity - Change of state Internal energy Enthalpy. Properties of Gases- Gas laws - Boyle's law - Charle's law - Combined gas law - Gas constant Internal energy - Relation between Cp and Cv Enthalpy- Non flow process - Constant volume process - Constant pressure process - Isothermal process - Polytropic process - Adiabatic process.

Properties of steam- Introduction - Steam formation - Enthalpy - Specific volume of steam Steam tables - Internal energy - Throttling - Measurement of dryness fraction - Barrel Calorimeter / Throttling calorimeter - Separating calorimeter - Combined calorimeter. Heat Engines- Thermal prime movers - Elementary heat engines - Sources of heat - Working substances - Sink of heat - Classification of heat engines - Heat engine cycles - Carnot cycle Carnot cycle with vapour - Rankine cycle - Ottocycle - Diesel cycle. Internal combustion engines : Introduction - Classification - Engine details and working. Steam Boilers- Introduction - Classification - Cochran type - Lancashire boiler - Cornish boiler Babcock and Wilcox boiler CFBC boiler-Bubbling column and High pressure boiler- Boiler performance. Functioning of different mountings and accessories. Fundamental of Heat and Mass Transfer- Types of heat transfer: Conduction, Convection and Radiation. Basic Principles and laws.Concept of Mass Transfer. Working of Heat exchanger, Types of Heat exchangers. Refrigeration & Air conditioning - Introduction - Refrigerant - Types of refrigerators - Vapour compression refrigerators - Window air conditioners. Text/Reference: 1. Elements of Mechanical Engineering Desai & Soni 2. Elements of Mechanical Engineering Hajra Chaudhary 3. Elements of Mechanical Engineering Mathur & Mehta APPLIED ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (Subject Code: 2EE223) L T PC 3 0 2 4

Transformer- Working principle & construction Transformer, theory of an ideal transformer, EMF equation, phasor diagram of transformer on no load and on load, exact and approximate equivalent circuit of transformer, No-load test, separation of core losses, short circuit test, regulation of transformer, condition of maximum efficiency, autotransformer, parallel operation of transformer, three phase transformer, star-star, delta-delta, star-delta & delta-star connections, current transformer. DC Generator- Principle & construction of DC generator, Armature windings, types and characteristics of Generators, EMF equation of generator, Losses in DC generator, power stages, condition for Maximum efficiency. DC Motor- Principle, Comparison of Generator and Motor Action, Significance of Back emf, Voltage Equation of Motor, torques equation, losses and efficiency of DC motor, Condition of Maximum Power, Speed Regulation, Characteristics of a Series , Shunt and Compound Motors, Comparison of a Series & Shunt Motor, DC motor three point starter. Induction Motor- Construction & working principle of induction motor, Production of rotating field, Mathematical proof, slip, frequency of rotor current, relation between torque and rotor power factor, starting torque of squirrel cage & slip ring motor, condition for maximum starting, Effect of change in supply voltage, Rotor emf and reactance under running conditions, Torque under running condition, Condition for maximum torque, relation between torque and slip, Effects of changes in supply voltage on Torque & Speed, Full load torque and maximum torque, starting torque and maximum torque, Measurement of slip, Power stages in Induction motor, Rotor output. Induction motor as a generalized Transformer, Rotor output, Equivalent circuit of a rotor, Equivalent circuit of an induction motor, Maximum power output, corresponding slip, starter for three phase induction motor.

Single Phase Motors- Capacitors start and run motor, Shaded pole single phase motor, AC series motor, universal motor, Speed control of universal motor. Steeper Motor- Introduction, Principle of operation, Types of stepper motors, Construction and working, Comparison with other types of motors, Applications. Power Generation- Schematic arrangement of steam power station, hydro-electric power station, nuclear power station, choice of site for steam power station, hydro-electric power station, nuclear power station, disadvantages and causes of low power factor, typical AC power supply scheme, concepts of overhead and underground power transmission, AC distribution system, equipment used in transformer substation Text/Reference: 1. Electrical Technology By B.L.Theraja 2. Principles of Power Systems By V.K.Mehta (S. Chand & Company) 2SP201: CAREER ORIENTATION-I [ 0 1 0 0]

The objective of the supplementary course of Career Orientation I is to sensitize each student about ones own potential, and this in turn will enable one to be self driven so as to improve ones performance and achieve ones life goals. The topics covered are: Self start, dedication, confidence, motivation, discipline, study, progress, evaluation, appreciation, criticism, improvement, reliance, control, respect, satisfaction, awareness, fulfillment and realization, inwardly directed towards oneself. Basically the course is an in-depth exposure of a booklet on Gateways to Self Realization by Shri G. Narayana. The methodology is of self learning in which the students go through the book (in depth) and make presentations before their class, carry out given exercises and interesting activities; keeping the content in focus

VECTOR CALCULAS Reorientation, Differentiation of Vectors, Scalars and vector fields, Gradient of a scalar function, Directional derivative, Divergence and Curl of a vector function and their physical meanings, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Greens theorem, Gauss and Stokes theorems (Without proof), Irrotational, Solenoidal and conservative vector fields. FUNCTIONS OF COMPLEX VARIABLES :Reorientation, Analytical function, Cauchy Riermann equation (Cartesian and Polar forms), Harmonic functions, Conformal mappings, Complex integration, Cauchys theorem and integral formula, Singularities, Taylors and Laurents Series theorem, Evaluation of integrals using residues FOURIER INTEGRALS AND TRANSFORMS Fourier integral theorem (only statement), Fourier Sine and Cosine integrals, Complex form of Fourier integral, Fourier Sine and Cosine transforms, Inverse Laplace transforms by residues, Solution of boundary value problems using Fourier transforms. Application to transverse vibration of a string and transmission lines. Z-TRANSFORMS Definition, Z Transforms of some basic sequences, unit impulse and unit step sequences, inverse Z transforms. INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL DEVELOPMENT - WAVELETS Mathematical development of wavelets and their Applications. The idea behind wavelets, The Harr wavelets, wavelet expansion. Text Books: 1. Dr. K.R. Kachot: Higher Engineering Mathematics Vol. III (Second Edition),Mahajan Publishing House, Ahmedabad. 2. Erwin Kreyszig: Advanced Engineering Mathematics (Fifth Edition), John Wiley 1999 Reference Books: 1. Dr. B.S. Grewal: Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. 2. Peter V. ONeil: Advanced Engineering Mathematics (Fifth Edition), Thomson Books/Cole, Singapore. 3. Complex variables Introduction & Application By M.J. Ablowitz & A.S. Fokas, Cambridge University Press 1998 4. Integral Transforms By M.D. Raisinghania, S.Chand, New Delhi LINEAR ELECTRONICS (Subject Code: 2IC205) L T PC 4 0 2 5

Operational Amplifiers- Introduction, differential and common mode operation, op-amp basics, practical op-amp circuits, op-amp parameters. Op-amp Applications- Constant gain multiplier, voltage summing, voltage buffer, controlled sources, comparators, instrumentation circuits, integrator, differentiator, log and anti log amplifier, full wave, half wave rectifier, active filters. Feedback and Oscillator circuits- Feedback concepts, feedback connection types, practical feedback circuits, feedback amplifier-phase and frequency considerations, oscillator operation, phase shift oscillator, wien bridge oscillator, tuned oscillator and crystal oscillator.

Linear Wave-Shaping Circuits- Introduction, RC high pass and low pass circuits, response to standard input signals. BJT Small Signal Analysis- Common emitter fixed bias, voltage divider bias, emitter bias and emitter follower configurations, common base configuration and collector feedback configuration, collector DC feedback configuration. Approximate hybrid equivalent model. Systems Approach- Effects of Rs and RL: Two port systems, effect of load impedance and source impedance, combined effect of RS and RL, BJT CE, CB, Emitter follower networks, FET networks, cascaded systems. DC biasing of BJT Introduction, operating point, fixed bias circuit, Voltage divider bias; Emitter- stabilized bias circuit, DC bias with voltage feedback, Transistor switching networks. Clipping and Clamping Circuits Working operation of Clamping circuit and Clipping circuits. Different types of diodes and Rectifiers Construction and Characteristics of different diodes, Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifiers. Text / References: 1. Electronic devices and circuit theory by Robert Boylestad. 2. Op amp & Linear Integrated Circuits by R.A.Gayakwad 3. Pulse and Switching circuits by Millman and Taub. 4. Integrated circuits by K.R.Botkar. MICROPROCESSOR (Subject Code: 2IC206) L T PC 3 0 2 4

Introduction to Micro Computers, Micro Processors- Introduction to digital computer, data representation, microprocessor organization, memory, input output devices, system bus. Micro Processor Architecture and Micro Computer Systems- Microprocessor 8085 architecture, operation, memory, and interfacing devices Instructions and Timings- Data transfer group instruction, branching group, arithmetic instruction, logical instruction, special purpose instruction, time diagram of single byte, two byte, three byte instruction, and addressing modes. Assembly Language Programming- Programming using data transfer instruction, arithmetic and logical instruction branching instruction, subroutine and stack , time delay and counter implementation, code conversion. Interrupts- Vector interrupts, priority of interrupts, interrupt level Parallel I/O And Interfacing Application- Basic interfacing concepts, interfacing displays and memories. Code Converters- Data converters, ADC, DAC: their types & construction, their interfacing with 8085.

Interfacing of Multipurpose Programmable Devices- 8155,8255(PPI), 8279 programmable keyboard/ display interface. Applications- Measurement of electrical quantities (voltage, current), measurement of level, temperature Text/References: 1. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with 8085/8080A- Ramesh Gaonkar 2. 0000 to 8085- Introductions to Micro Processors for Engineers and Scientists - P. K. Ghosh and P. R. Shridhar 3. Fundamentals of microprocessor and microcomputer -B.Ram CIRCUIT THEORY (Subject Code: 2EE225) L T PC 3 0 2 4

Network Convention- Reference direction for current and voltage, Active element convention, Dot convention, Topological Description. Network Equations- The no of network equations, source transformation , loop variable analysis, Node variable analysis, Determinants, Minors, and Gauss Methods, Duality, State variable analysis. Initial Conditions In Network- Initial condition in elements, Geometrical Interpretation of Derivatives, Procedure for Evaluating initial conditions, Initial state of network. Solutions Of Differential Equation By Classical And Transform Methods- Second order equation, Higher order equation, Network excited by external energy sources, response as related to s-plane locations of the roots. Impedance Functions And Network Theorems- Concept of complex frequency, Transform impedance and transform circuits, series and parallel combinations of elements, superposition and reciprocity, Thevenin and Norton theorem. Network Functions: Poles and Zeros- Terminal pairs, network functions for the one port and two port, calculation of network function, poles and zeroes of network function, Restrictions on poles and zero locations for driving point function, Time domain behavior from the pole and zero plot, stability of activity networks. Two Port Parameters- Relationship of Two port variables, Short Circuit Admittance parameter, The open circuit impedance parameter, Transmission parameters, The Hybrid parameters, Relationships between parameter sets, parallel connection of two-port networks. Sinusoidal Steady State Analysis- The sinusoidal steady state, the sinusoid and ejwt , solution using ejwt , solution using real and imaginary part, phasor and phasor diagram. Positive Real Functions- Properties of positive real function and its testing procedure. Network Synthesis- Synthesis of R-C, R-L and R-L-C networks. Text/References: 1. Network analysis (3rd edition)- by Van Valkenburg 2. Introduction to modern Network synthesis - Van Valkenberg 3. Network analysis by G.K.Mithal ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING MATERIAL (Subject Code: 2EE221) L T PC 3 0 0 3

Crystal Geometry- Atoms and atomic coordination, atomic structure, bonds in solids, crystal structure, space lattices, unit cell, crystal systems, atomic packing, coordination nos., crystal structures for metallic elements, crystal directions and planes, miller indices, interplaner spacing, Braggs law, X-ray diffraction, ordered and disordered structures, stacking sequences and faults. Crystal Imperfections- Types, Frank Reed source, dislocations, geometry and effect of

dislocations. Introduction to Electrical Engineering Materials- Electrical engineering materials, band theory, classification of electrical engineering materials. Conducting Materials- Properties of conducting materials, types of conducting materials- copper, aluminum and silver, material used for special purpose like fuse, filaments, circuit breaker contacts, thermocouples materials, bimetals, soldering materials, materials used for instrumentation system. Insulating and Dielectric Materials- General property of insulating materials, polarization, dielectric constant, permittivity, surface resistivity and volume resistivity, dielectric strengths, puncture, flashover, types of insulating materials, classification of insulating material according to operating temperature, piezoelectric materials, ceramics: properties and application. Semiconduting Materials- Introduction to semiconductor physics, properties of semiconductor materials, silicon and germanium, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, doping, hall effect, diffusion drift phenomenon, special semiconductors. Magnetic Materials- Classification of magnetic material (Diamagnetic ferromagnetic, ferrite, paramagnetic material), soft and hard magnetic material, characteristics of magnetic material, properties of magnetic material (magnetization, permeability, coercivity, retentivity), B-H curve, Hysteresis phenomenon, iron loss, types, methods for reducing iron loss. Super Conducting Materials- Concepts of super conducting materials, types of super conducting materials, application of super conducting materials in electrical machines, power cables, electromagnets, future prospects. Text/References: 1. G. K. Chhalotra Electrical Engineering Materials, Khanna Publication 2. C. S. Indulkar Electrical Materials, S. Chand 3. A. J. Dekker Electrical Engineering Materials, PHI 4. Van. Vlack Elements of Material Science 5. R. B. Gupta Material Science and Processes 6. P. L. Kapoor Electrical Engineering Materials CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN (Subject Code: 2IC207) L T PC 3 1 2 5

Control Systems Design By The Root-Locus Method- Introduction, preliminary design considerations, lead compensation, lag compensation, lead-lag compensation Control Systems Design by Frequency ResponseIntroduction, lead compensation, lag compensation, lag-lead compensation, concluding comments Analysis Of Control Systems In State Space- Introduction, state-space representations of transfer function systems, transformation of system models with MATLAB, solving the time-invariant state equation, some useful results in vector-matrix analysis, controllability and observability. Design Of Control Systems In State-Space- Introduction, pole placement, solving pole-placement problems with MATLAB, design of regulator-type systems by pole placement, state observers, design of state observers with MATLAB, design of servo systems, example of control systems design with MATLAB Text/References: 1. Modern Control Engineering by Katsuhiko Ogata - 4th edition, PHI 2. Control System Engineering by Nagrath & Gopal 3. Modern Control System Theory by M.Gopal 4. Control System Engineering by Norman S. Nise

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The objective of this course is to continue previous course and enhance efforts for individual development. The course also aims to provide information on different topics related to their career planning and preparation. Topics include:-Goal Setting -Stress Management -Emotional Intelligence -Career Prospects -Industry Expectation -Communication skills (Practical sessions) a. Presentation skills b. Interview Techniques c. Group discussions d. Non-verbal communications -Overview of different tests for competitive exams -Ethics for engineers -Interpersonal relations -Team works Methodology of learning will be based on lecture-cum-interaction, workshops, expert lectures from industry people, assignments etc.

Syllabus for B.Tech Semester V (I.C) MICRO CONTROLLER AND ITS APPLICATIONS L T PC (Subject Code: 2IC301) 3 - 2 4 Micro Controller : The 8051 Architecture 8051 Micro controller Hardware, Input /Output Pins, Ports and Circuits, External Memory, Counter and Timers, Serial Data Input/Output, Interrupts

Basic Assembly Language Programming Concepts

A Generic Counter, The Mechanics of Programming, The Assembly Language Programming Process, Programming Tools and Techniques, Programming the 8051 Moving Data Addressing Modes, External Memory Read-Only Data Moves, Push and Pop Opcodes, Data Exchanges Arithmetic & Logical Operations Flags, Incrementing and Decrementing, addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Decimal Arithmetic, Byte-Level Logical Operations, Bit -Level Logical Operations, Rotate and Swap Operations Jump and Call Instructions The Jump and Call Program Range, Jump, Calls and Subroutines, Interrupts and Returns, More Details on Interrupts An 8051 Microcontroller Design A Microcontroller Design, Testing the Design, Timing Subroutines, Lookup Tables for the 8051,Serial Data Transmission Applications Keyboards, Displays, Pulse Measurement, D/A and A/D Conversions, Multiple Interrupts Serial Data Communication Network Configurations, 8051Data Communication Modes. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus. Textbooks:

1. The 8051 Micro controller, architecture, programming and applications" - K.J.Ayala, Penram, International Publisher India

Gyroscope

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Theory Of Operation Of Gyroscope. Horizontal & Vertical Gyroscope: Construction, Measurement of Pitch, Roll, Yaw, Angular To Electrical Conversion. Integrating & Rate Gyroscope. Equation Of Motion, Transfer Function Of Gyroscope. Gyroscope Application For Aviation And Navigation Purpose.

Tacho-Generator & Tachometer

Synchros

Introduction, Theory Of Operation. Synchro Construction, Types. Synchro As a Differential Generator. Static & Dynamic Errors. Residual Voltage & Phase Shift, Zeroing Of Synchros.

Control Valves Function Of The Control Valve In The System, Pressure Drop Requirement, Capacity Calculation, Valve Rangeability & Flow Characteristics. Sliding Gate Type Valves, Ball Valve, Single Port, Double Port And Three Way Globe Valve, Split Body Valve, Ventury Valve, Diaphragm Valve, Butterfly Valve, Pinch Valve, Vee Ball Valve, Solenoid Operated Valve (Types And Construction). Mechanical Feature Of The Control Valve, Noise Problem, Safety Considerations And Special Purpose Valves. Control Valve Sizing Page 12 of 26

Defination Of Cv, Equations For Calculation Of Cv, Pressure Drop Calculation. Actuators Selection Of Actuators, Spring Diaphragm Actuator, Piston Actuators, Rotary Valve Actuator. Pneumatic Hydraulic Actuator, Rotary Pneumatic, Electro Pneumatic Actuators. Force Balance And Motion Balance Positioners. Pneumatic Relays. Gear And Gear Train

Classification Of Gears, Terminology Used In Gears. Types Of Gears: Construction, Working & Pecularities. Backlash In Gear, Speed-Torque, Teeth Ratio, Gear Train Design

Cams And Followers

Definitions And Types Of Cams. Types Of Followers, Applications Of Cams And Followers Including Mechanical Function Generator.

Relays

Electro-Mechanical Relays, Reed Relays Construction. Static And Dynamic Characteristics Of Relay. No/ Nc Applications

Servo Motors

Ac Servomotor Introduction, Construction, Characteristics. Theory Of Operation, Transfer Function, And D.C. Servo Motor: Transfer Function Of Field Controlled D.C. Servomotor. Transfer Function Of Armature Controlled D.C. Servomotor. Stepper Motor: Basic Principles, Types Construction, Adv & Disadv.

Hydraulic Systems

Types Of Hydraulic Control System, Pump Controlled & Valve Controlled Hydraulic Systems And Its Application. Gear Pump, Vane Pump, Ball Pump, Spool Type Pilot Valve, Centrifugal Pump, And Positive Displacement Pump, Negative Displacement Pump. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus.

Textbooks: 1. Applied instrumentation for process industries W.G. Andrews 2. Instrumentation engineers hand book B.G.Liptak

Introduction to sensors & Transducers

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Definitions of sensors & transducers. Forms of transducers output. Defining the measurand. Measurand descriptions & Physical behavior, Principle detection methods of electrical transducers. Major categories of transducers: Contact type & Non-Contact type; Active/ Passive. Methods to describe sensor performance: static & dynamic characteristics; selection criterion

Temperature Measurements

Temperature Scale, Thermometers: Constant volume gas, mercury in glass, bimetallic, Thermocouples, Resistance Temperature detectors:2-wire, 3-wire systems, Radiation and optical pyrometers, Recent trends: Infrared pyrometers, Integrated Circuitry (IC) transistors and diodes, Calibration of temperature sensors

Pressure Measurements Introduction, Terminology, Pressure Units, Manometers: U-tube, enlarged leg, well type, inclined leg type, Ring balance manometer; Elastic pressure transducers: Bourdon tube, diaphragm, bellows; Electric pressure transducers: LVDT, strain guage, capacitive sensors, piezo for dynamic pressures; Low pressure measurement: Units & range, McLeod gauge, Thermal conductivity: Thermocouple type, pirani gauge, Ionization gauge. Calibration of pressure gauge: Dead weight tester. Level Measurements Sight glass, float gauge, Bubbler (Purge) system, Hydrostatic pressure type in open vessels and closed vessels, zero elevation and supperation, Capacitance type, Radioactive type, Ultrasonic type. Page 13 of 26

Flow Measurements Introduction, Nature of flow, Classification of fluid flow measurement techniques, Theory of variable head flow meter, Orifice, Venturi, Flow nozzles and pitot tubes, Theory of variable area flow meter, rotameter, vortex flow meter, Electromagnetic flow meter, Ultrasonic flow meter, thermal flow meter, Quantity meters: lobed impeller type, Nutating type, piston pump type, rotating vanes, turbine meter etc. pH and Conductivity measurements

Hydrogen Ion concentration, Different methods of pH measurement, Sensing device of pH meters, Instruments for the measurement of the e.m.f. of electrodes of pH measurement. Electrical conductivity of solution, Conductivity measurement in power engineering, cell construction, cell selectors, Operating principle, steam salt content indicators, measurement of impurities in water, sample conditioning system. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practical based on the above syllabus. Textbooks:

1. 2. Industrial Instrumentation- D. P. Eckman. Mechanical Measurement & Instrumentation R. K Jain.

L T PC 3 - - 3

Organization of Instrumentation Systems: Flow sheet symbols, PI diagrams, Instrument specification sheet, Loop wiring diagram, Installation. Construction & Start Up Organizing documents required, Planning the schedule, selection & procurement of instruments testing start ups, placing instruments in service, Tunning of controllers. Control Room and Panel Control room layout, electric power supply systems, power requirements and distributions, Control room lighting, Communication systems, Control panels- types, comparison, wiring, painting, panel bid specifications, Supply for Control room, Console and CRT. Instrument Calibration and Maintenance Introduction, Process instrument calibration, Standards, Laboratories, Validation of standards laboratories, Primary reference standards, traceability, Documentation in work place. Procedure for calibration of plant instruments and master instruments, Types and procedure of maintenance. Software tools for calibration and maintenance. Air Supply System Need of air, Introduction to air supply system, Sizing pressure level, Source, Compressors type, Comparison, Controls, Dryers types, Necessity design, Air distribution system- header, branch sizing, takeoffs and valvings, Pneumatic Devices I/P Converter, P/I Converter, Air filter regulators, Amplifier Safety and Safety devices Intrinsic safety: area classification, safety actions, Zener barrier, Pressure relieving devices, Switches-Temperature, Pressure, Flow, Level, Smoke detectors, Flame detector, Annunciation, Ingress Protection Code Installation Accessories Tubes and Tubes fittings, Instrument supports and mounting materials, Instrument cables and cable tray, cable glands, ferrules etc., installation of cable trays Text books: 1. Applied Instrumentation by W. G. Andrews- Vol II. 2. Applied Instrumentation by W. G. Andrews- Vol III.

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Field Effect Transistors (FET) Construction and characteristics of FET and MOSFET with their control applications. Power Supply Design Linear regulator, LM317/LM337, Series pass regulator, current fold back circuit and over voltage protection circuit. Timer LM555:Astable and monostable operation, VCO Isolation Amplifiers Page 14 of 26

Isolation Amplifiers, Basic need of isolation, Commercially available monolithic isolation amplifier AD284J, Applications of the isolation amplifier.

Analog multiplier Basic Technique for analog multiplier, Block diagram of some common monolithic multiplier, Typical Monolithic Multiplier Circuits. Introduction to common monolithic multipliers, Applications of multiplier like squaring, square rooting, division, rms measurements, Rectifier, Phase detector, frequency doublers, rms to DC converters etc, Multifunction converters etc.

Function Generators Basics of VCO:

Functional Block Diagrams of Various Monolithic Function Generators Like Xr-2206,Icl 8048 :Designing Of Circuits Using Various Monolithic Function Generators. Analog Multiplexer Basic need of multiplexing in the process industry. Fundamentals of pass transistor and Introduction to transmission gates: Block diagram of commercially available analog multiplexer. Monolithic Filters Characteristics and terminology of various types of filters. Bessel, Butterworth and Chebyshev filters, State variable filter fundamentals. Introduction to Switched capacitor fundamentals.Block diagram of LMF 100 Switched capacitor IC. Design circuits using LMF 100. Converters

Frequency to Voltage and Voltage to Frequency Converters. Basic concept of frequency to Voltage and Voltage to Frequency Conversion .Block Diagrams of the AD537 Voltage to Frequency Converter. LM2907 and LM 2917 Frequency to voltage converters. Application of converters in the speed measurement. Advanced A/D converter Basic need of monolithic display drivers and converters, Block Diagram of monolithic MCP3551,ADS1247, ADS1256, ADUC845, Applications of MCP3551,ADS1247, ADS1256, ADUC845

Introduction and terminology related to instrumentation amplifier. Application of instrumentation amplifier to amplify the low value signals. Motor Driver ICs: Basic H-Bridge motor driver, L293 and L293 D motor drivers , LMD18200 based motor driver, Motor current sense techniques, Driver ICs for Brushless Motors and servo motors. Miscellaneous Temperature Sensor IC : LM 35 Design Aspects Electromagnetic compatibility, Environmental effects, Error budgeting. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practical based on the above syllabus.

Textbooks:

1. Application and design with analog integrated circuits: Michael Jacob.

2. Integrated Circuits: K R Botkar. ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT (Subject Code: 2IC306) L T PC 3 - - 3

Introduction Types of instruments: Indicating, recording, integrating Statistical evaluation of measurement data and errors, the decibel, problems. Analog DC and AC meters Electromechanical meter movements, Analog DC ammeters, Analog DC voltmeters, Analog AC ammeters and Voltmeters, Analog multimeters, Special purpose analog meters, Use of basic meters, meter errors, problems. Digital meters Various types of DVMs, digital multimeters. Oscilloscope Oscilloscope subsystem, Display subsystem, Vertical deflection subsystem, Dual trace feature, Horizontal deflection subsystems, oscilloscope probes, oscilloscope controls, Front panel of an oscilloscope, oscilloscope photography, Digital storage oscilloscope, Power scope. Time & Frequency Measurement Page 15 of 26

Time Measurements, Frequency measurement, Harmonic Analysis and spectrum analyzers, problems. Power & Energy Measurement Power in AC circuits, single-phase power measurements, Poly-phase power and measurements, Electrical energy measurements, Power measurements problems Resistance and measurement of Resistance Resistance and resistor, resistor type, color coding of resistor, measurement of resistance, Wheatstone Bridge, Making balanced Wheatstone Bridge measurement, Low value resistance measurement, problems. Measurement of capacitance, Inductance, and Impedance Capacitance and capacitors, capacitor circuit models and losses, capacitor types, color coding of capacitor, Inductor and Inductance, Inductor structure, Transformers, Impedance, Capacitance and Inductance, Capacitance and Inductance measurement, complete impedance measurement, problems. A.C. signal source Sweep Frequency generators, Pulse generators, Function generators Interference signals and their elimination Capacitance interference, inductive interference and shielding, electromagnetic interference and shielding, conductive coupling interference, ground loop interference and input guarding to reduce it internal noise. Text books:

1. A course in Electrical and Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation, A.K.Shwhney, Dhanpat Rai and Sons. 2. Student reference manual for Electronic and Instrumentation measurement, Wolf &Smith, PHI Publication. SEMINAR (Subject Code: 2IC307) L T PC - - 2 1

A student is required to select an advanced topic relevant to any of the subjects under course of study. He/She will prepare seminar report & will defend his/her work before the examiners at the time of final evaluation

L T PC - - 2 1

Visual Basic Overview, Getting started, Controls, Lists and Menus, Events Happen, Variables, Arrays, Types and Constants, Conditional Logic and Looping, Procedures and Functions, Built in Functions. Dialog Boxes, Database Connectivity, ADO Data Control. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus. Text books: 1. Visual basic 6 - Paul Sheriff, Prentice hall of India Pvt.Ltd

Page 16 of 26

Syllabus for B.Tech Semester VI (I.C) MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUE-II (Subject Code: 2IC310)

Displacement and Speed Measurement

L T PC 3 - - 3

Resistive potentiometer. Review of capacitance, commonly sensed measurand, linear motion capacitors, Configurations & practical applications, Rotary capacitors. Review of inductance, commonly sensed measurand, Types of inductive sensing, LVDT, Advantages & disadvantages using inductive sensors. Review of reluctance, commonly sensed measurand. Flapper nozzle, Range sensors, proximity sensors, Hall Effect transducers for displacement and proximity, Types of Encoder: Linear and Rotary, Optical Encoder, Potentiometric encoder, problems with analog and digital encoding system, Absolute encoding, Magnetic encoder, Resolver. Revolution counters, tachometer and its types, stroboscope.

Force and Torque Measurement Basic concepts, force measurement methods, hydraulic pressure measurement, Magnetostrictive transducers, piezo electric transducers, proving ring, Strain gauge: selection, installation, application and calibration. Inline rotating and stationary torque sensors, proximity torque sensors. Vibration and Sound Measurement Vibration: Introduction, Vibration measurement system, Sound: Sound level meter, microphones, pressure response of a capacitor microphone, acoustic intensity and emission. Measurement of radiation Chemical ionization sensors, scintillation counters, Geiger counters, ionization chamber, proportional counters, Solar radiation measurement Miscellaneous Measurement Density, Moisture, Humidity, Viscosity: Introduction, various types, accuracy and range Dimensional Metrology: Introduction, calipers and micrometers, toughness, smoothness Analytical Instruments Spectrometry, Gas analyzers for O2, H2, CO2, Thermal conductivity, Infrared, Chromatography for Gas and Liquid. Text books: 1. Principles of measurement and instrumentation by Alan Morris, PHI. 2. Industrial instruments and control by S.K.Singh , TMH.

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Power Supplies Rectifier. Performance parameters of power supplies, Comparison of rectifier circuits. Filtering, Function of a bleeder resistor in filter circuit, Voltage multipliers. Regulated power supply. SMPS, Comparison of linear power supply & SMPS. Switch mode converter. Thyristors Silicon controlled rectifier, SCR terminology, Different methods of turning-on of SCRs, Different methods of turning-off of SCRs, Different methods of triggering SCR circuits. Different methods of forced commutation, Comparison of SCRs & transistors. Thermal characteristic of SCRs, Causes of damage to SCRs, The SCR crowbar. Series & parallel operation of SCRs. Rectifier circuits Half-wave rectifier (Inductive & resistive load) Full wave control circuit, 1 bridge rectifier , full wave-half controlled, full wave full controlled : 1 and 3, rectifier with resistive load. Differences between full-controlled & half-controlled bridge rectifiers. Triacs, Diacs, Quadracs, Recovery characteristic, Fast recovery diodes. Power diodes, Power transistors, Power MOSFETs. IGBT, Loss of power in semiconductor devices, comparison between Power transistor, Power MOSFET & power IGBT. UJT. Electron tubes.

Heating & welding control Induction heating, Dielectric heating, Welding, Scheme for AC resistance welding, Ignitron contactor as line contactor.

Page 17 of 26

Optoelectronics & Optical Fiber Photo emitters, Lasers, LCDs, Photoconductive sensors, Photodiodes, Phototransistors. LASCR, Optocouplers, solid-state relays. Optical fiber. AC Power Conditioners Power supply noise. Servo system, Servo controlled voltage stabilizer, AC generator voltage regulator. Constant voltage transformer UPS. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus.

Text books:

1. 2. Power Electronics - M.D.Singh & K.B.Khanchandani. Industrial Electronics & Control - Biswanath Paul.

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Introduction to Process Control Servo system and regulating system. Purpose of process control, Process lag, Control lag, Dead time, Self regulating system Dynamic Behavior of System First order system, Second order system, Pure capacitive process, Multi capacity interacting & non interacting systems. Controller Modes ON-OFF, Multiposition, Floating, Proportional, Integral, Derivative, PI, PD, PID. Realization of Controller: Analog & digital controller tunning, Dynamic behavior of controllers, Numerical based on controller action. Complex Control Systems Dead time compensator, Inverse response, Cascade, Selective, Feed forward, and Introduction of Multi input Multi output systems. Adaptive and Self tunning Controllers Case Studies of Process Control: Heat exchanger, Boiler, Reactor, Distillation column. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practical based on the above syllabus.

Text books:

1. Chemical Process Control by G. Stephanopolous.

Fundamental of Biomedical Instrumentation & Origin of Biopotential

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Anatomy & Physiology, Sources of Biomedical signals, General constraints in designing of medical instrumentation systems, Origin of bioelectric signals: ECG, EEG, EMG.

Biopotential electrodes

Theory of electrode, Polarization, Electrode behavior and circuit model of electrode, Electrode - skin interface and motion artifacts, Body surface recording electrode, Internal electrode, Microelectrode, Practical hints in using electrodes, pO2 electrode, pCO2 electrode.

Biopotential amplifier

Basic requirements, Problems frequently encountered: Transient protection, Common mode and other interferences reduction circuits, Example of biopotential preamplifier.

Biomedical recorders

Patient monitoring system

Blood flow meter, Blood gas analyzer

Electromagnetic blood flow meter, Ultrasonic blood flow meter, NMR blood flow meter, Blood pH measurement.

Pulmonary function analyser (Respiratory system)

Basics of respiratory system, Pulmonary function measurement, Spirometer & Respiratory gas analyzers.

Page 18 of 26

Patient safety

Physiological effects of electricity, Important susceptibility parameters, Macroshock hazards, Microshock hazards, Basic approaches to protection against shock.

Medical imaging systems

Information content of an Image, Photography, Radiography (X-Rays), Computed Radiography, Computed tomography, MRI, Nuclear medicine, PET, Ultrasonography.

Pacemakers & Defibrillators Need of cardiac pacemaker, External pacemaker, Implantable pacemakers, Need for defibrillator, DC defibrillator, Implantable defibrillator. Instrument for Surgery

Surgical diathermy, High frequency heat therapy, Short wave diathermy, Microwave diathermy, Ultrasonic therapy unit

Haemodialysis machine Function of Kidneys, Artificial kidneys, Dialysers, Membranes of Haemodialysis, Haemodialysis machine, Lithotripsy. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus. Text books: 1. Handbook Of Biomedical Instrumentation: R.S. Khandpur. 2. Introduction to biomedical equipments by Carr & Brown.

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Introduction to communications systems Communications, communications systems, modulations, bandwidth requirement. Noise External noise, internal noise, noise calculations, noise figures, noise temperature. Amplitude Modulation AM theory, generation of AM. Single side band techniques Evolution & description of SSB, Suppression of carriers, suppression of unwanted Sideband, extensions of SSB. Frequency Modulation Theory of frequency & phase modulation, noise and frequency modulation, generation of frequency modulation. Radio receivers

Receiver types, AM Receivers, Communications Receivers, FM receivers, Single and Independent side band receivers.

Pulse Communications, Information theory, pulse modulation, pulse systems. Digital Communications

Digital technology, fundamentals of data communications systems, data sets and interconnection requirements, network and control consideration.

Broad-band communications systems Multiplexing, short and medium haul systems, long haul systems. Introduction to mobile and satellite communication. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practical based on the above syllabus. Text books: 1. Electronic Communications systems by George Kennedy ( Third Edition)

L T PC 3 - 2 4

System Identification and Modeling Introduction and correlation testing, Bode identification, Pseudo random sequence. State Estimation Introduction, Use of observer in closed loop system, Full order and reduced order observer, Kalman Filter, Extended Kalman Filter. Multivariable System Introduction, Feedback control of MIMO system, Frequency domain description, Stability of MIMO system. Adaptive Control

Page 19 of 26

Preview, Need for adaptive control, Gain scheduling, Model reference adaptive control, Self tunning control, Variable structure control. Optimal Control Introduction, Performance indices, Dynamic programming, Applications. Robust Control Introduction, Need of Robust control, Modeling of uncertainty Different approaches, Robust stability, Robust performance. Laboratory Work: This shall consist of about 10 practicals based on the above syllabus. Text books: 1. The art of control engineering by Ken Dutton, Steve Thompson, & Bill B.

Introduction to Logic gates and flip-flops and Excitation tables and K-map.

L T PC 3 - 2 4

Review of Combinational and Sequential Logic Adders, Subtractors, Multiplexer, De multiplexer, Decoder, Encoder, Counter and Timer design Design of state table and state diagram Finite State Machine, Memory organization, concept and design (RAM/ROM), Mealy and Moores machine Datapath Timing Introduction to Pipeline structure, System timing Concept of VHDL Combinational Logic in VHDL, Fixed Point arithmetic, Saturating adders, System timing issue, Introduction to Pipelining, Comparison between CPLD, PAL and FPGA FPGA Families Implementing Sequential Systems in VHDL, Finite state Machine in VHDL, Scheduling Data Flowgraphs, Verilog RTL,DTL, CMOS Interfacing examples of keyboard, Matrix LEDs, LCD, counter, multiplexer, decoder etc. in VHDL, Design small system for instrumentation application using VHDL Text Books: 1 John F Wakerly Digital design, Principle and practices, Prentice Hall, 2007. 2 Charles H. Roth ,Digital Systems Design Using VHDL Reference Books: 1. M. Moris Mano and Michael D. Ciletti, Digital Design, Prentice Hall, 2007. 2. Stephen Brown, Zvonko Vranesic: Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design 3 Douglas L. Perry ,VHDL: Programming by Example

Practical based on LabView will be carried out on following topics: Data flow techniques, graphical programming in data flow.

L T PC - - 2 1

Programming Techniques, VIS & Sub VIS, loops & charts, arrays, clusters, graphs, case & sequence structures, formula modes, local and global variable, string & file input. Data Acquisition basics, ADC, DAC, DIO, Counters & timers, PC Hardware structure, timing, interrupts, DMA, Software and Hardware Installation. Common Instrument Interfaces for Current loop, RS 232C/RS 485, GPIB, System basics, Use of Analysis Tools, Fourier transforms Power spectrum, Correlation methods, windowing & flittering, Application of VI Text Books: 1. Virtual Instrumentation Using LabVIEW / by Sanjay Gupta and Joseph John, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2005

Page 20 of 26

L T PC 3 0 2 4

Signals & systems: Introduction, classification of signals, Classification of discrete time signals and systems (energy signal & power signals), (periodic & nonperiodic), (even & odd signal), static & dynamic system, shift variant & invariant systems, linear & non-linear, causal & noncausal, stable & unstable systems, non recursive & recursive, FIR & IIR systems, linear convolution, cross correlation & auto correlation. Analysis of signals: Fourier transform of discrete time signals, FT of standard signal & properties of FT, IFT Discrete Fourier Transform, Definition of DFT & IDFT, DFT of standard signals, properties of DFT, applications of DFT, FFT Algorithms, Introduction, properties of Wn, classification, Radix-2, FFT algorithm, Circular convolution Analysis of LTI systems: ADC, sampling process, anti filter, quantization, Z- transform, properties of Z- Transform, Inverse ZTransform, Response of LT in Z domain with pole-zero representation, Stability & causality in terms of Z-transform. Digital filters: Difference between analog & digital filters, types of Digital filters, Design of FIR filters, Design of IIR filters, In comparison of IIR & FIR filters. Text/References: 1. Digital Signal Processing : Principles, Algorithms and Applications by J.G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis 2. Digital Signal Processing by S. Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj & C. Gnanapriya

L T PC 3 0 2 4

Programmable Logic Controllers: Introduction, Importance of PLC, Fixed and modular Hardware, CPU unit architecture, Hand held programming terminals, Industrial computer and monitors, Programming standards of PLC, PLC operation, Ladder logic, Logic functions, Basic relay instructions, Timer counter instructions, Comparison, data handling, input-output instructions, Processors classification and functions, Designing I/O systems, PLC applications based on case studies. Distributed Control System: Evolution of DCS, Design and specification architecture, merits and demerits, Direct digital control, supervisory control and distributed digital control system, Evolution of hierarchical system structure, Functional levels, Database organization, System implements concepts, Field stations, Intermediate stations, Central computer stations, Monitoring and command facilities, Data communication links, LAN and protocols, Real time operating system, Communication software, Process oriented languages, Application softwares. Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition: Introduction of Buses and Networks in process automation, Hardware selection for field bus system, Sorting out protocols, Overall field bus trends, Field bus advantages and disadvantages, Global system

Page 21 of 26

architecture, Field bus design installation, economics and documentation, Ethernet and TCP/IP systems. Text/References: 1. Distributed computer control for industrial automation by Popovic & Bhatkar. 2. Programmable Logic Controllers: Principles and Applications by Webb and Reis. 3. Inst. Engg's Handbook on Process Software & Digital Networks by Bela G. Liptak.

L T PC 30 2 4

Digital Control System: Digital control of continuous time system, Discrete-time system and Z-Transformation State space description of dynamic system, Discrete time observer and controller. Nonlinear Control: Introduction to nonlinear system, Nonlinear system elements Discontinuous Nonlinearities: Saturation, Dead zone, Relay with dead zone, Quantization, Hysteresis, Continuous nonlinearities. Stability Analysis : Phase plane analysis, Phase plane and phase trajectories, Method of isocline, Time scaling of PPTs, Introduction to DF, Evolution and stability analysis using DF, Stability using Lyapunov method. Text/References: 1. Control System Engg. Nagrath and Gopal 2. Digital Control System B.C.Kuo

INDUSTRIAL DRIVES AND CONTROL L T PC (Subject Code: 2IC404) 3 0 2 4 Choppers: Principle, RL load, Classification, Chopper circuit, Step up, Jone's morgan applications D.C. Drives: Single-phase h.w. Converter drives, Single-phase f.w. Converter drives, Three phase drives (h.w. & f.w.), Chopper drives A .C. Drives: Introduction motor control, Speed torque characteristics, Different methods of controlling stator & rotor parameters, Stator voltage control, Rotor resistance variation, Rotor frequency control, Synchronous motor control Inverters: Line commutated and forced commutated inverters, Series and Parallel Inverters, Single phase and three phase inverters, Inverter circuit design Converters: Principle of operation, Three phase cycloconverter circuit, Class E resonant converter, Zero switching resonant converter

Page 22 of 26

Thyristor Applications: Introduction, Over voltage protection, Zero voltage switch, Burst triggering, SMPS UPS Text/ Reference: 1. Power Electronics : M.D. Singh and Khanchandani 2. Modern Power Electronics : P.C. Sen 3. Power Electronics circuit devices and application: Muhammad H. Rashid. 4. Power Electronics : Bhimbhra

L T PC 0 0 2 4

A student is required to carry out project work. The project should be on design and fabrication work based on the choice of the subjects they have studied so far. Students can take study project on advance topic with submission of comprehensive report containing all special features. At the end of the semester, student will be required to submit a report of work done and will defend his/her work carried out before examiners at the time of final evaluation. DATA COMMUNICATION AND INDUSTRIAL NETWORKING L T PC (Subject Code: 2IC 319) 3 0 0 3 An Introduction to networks in process automation: Hierarchical communication model in process industry, OSI reference model, Company network, comparison of various bus standards, Communication basics. Proprietary & open networks: Network topology, Physical layer, industry open standards(Rs-232C, RS-422, RS-485), Ethernet, MODBUS, Proprietary protocols- MODBUS plus, data-highway Industrial Networking protocols: Protocol layering, OSI model, TCP/IP model, Network classification, Sensor network, Device network, Control network, Enterprise networking, Choosing the right network. Field bus : Fabrication architecture(physical layer, Datalink layer, Application layer, user layer),Use of FieldBus in industrial plants, FieldBus functions, International standards & proprietary product & performance, Redundancy & failure consideration, advantages/disadvantages, Interconnectivity, Economy, design & installation . Hard ware selection for field bus system: Fieldbus devices, cable & network layout, power-supply, segment design rules, terminations & barriers. Fiber optic networks: Principle of network, F/O network design, Fiber cable installation & cabling, Splices & connectors, Inspection & testing Satellite infrared, radio, wireless LAN networks: Radio system, Cellular technology, Wireless data, Satellite Luns, Infrared system, blue-tooth technology

Page 23 of 26

Textbooks: 1. Inst. Engg's Handbook on Process Software & Digital Networks - Bela G. Liptak.

L T PC 3 0 0 3

Introduction Fuzzy control from an Industrial perspective: Fuzzy control: real time expert system or nonlinear control system? Benefits of fuzzy control. Limits of fuzzy control. Use of fuzzy control. Applications. Knowledge based system for process control: Process monitoring. Fault diagnosis. Planning & scheduling. Supervisory control. Knowledge based controller: Preliminary concept, Introduction to Knowledge presentation in KBC. The mathematics of Fuzzy control: Introduction: Fuzzy Sets: fuzzy set theory Vs Probability theory. classical set theory. Fuzzy set Theory. Properties of fuzzy sets. Operations of fuzzy sets. Fuzzy relations: classical relations. Fuzzy relations. Operations on fuzzy relations. The extension principle. Approximate reasoning: introduction. Linguistic variables. Fuzzy propositions. Fuzzy if then statements. Inference rules. The compositional rule of inference. Representing a set of rules: properties of rules. Completeness of a set of rules. Consistency of a set of rules. Continuity of a set of rules. Interaction of a set of rules. FKBC design parameters Instruction: structure of FKBC: fuzzyfication. Knowledge base. inference engine. defuzzification. Rule based: choice of variables and content of rules. Choice of term set. Derivation of rules. Data base: choice of membership functions. choice of scaling function. Inference engine. Choice of fuzzification procedure. Choice of defuzzification procedure. Nonlinear fuzzy control Introduction. Control problem. FKBC as a nonlinear transfer element. Types of FKBC (Like PID). Stability of fuzzy control system Introduction. State space approach. Stability and robustness indicies. Input output stability. The circle criterion: SISO / MIMO. The conicity criterion. Textbooks: 1. An Introduction to Fuzzy Control By: D.Driankov, H. Hellendoorn and M. Reinfrank, Second edition. Publisher: springer.

L T PC 3 0 0 3

Introduction Plant overview, Classification of power plants: thermal, hydro, combined cycle and nuclear, Role of Control and instrumentation in power plant Power Plant Process Boiler process, Turbine process, Fuel Handling Plant, Air Compressor, etc

Page 24 of 26

Boiler & Turbine Supervisory Control Introduction, Operation, Drum level control, Combustion control , Turbovisory system, Measurement and analysis of gas, Super heated steam temperature, Level, Pressure and Flow. Coordinated controls of boiler and turbine. Power Plant Subsystem Automation Control of mill throughput, Mill temperature control, Forced draught control, Feed pump control, Boiler-following-turbine load control, Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors(AGRs) Electrical Instruments and Metering Working of meters, Recorders and Industrial Displays, Meter calibration. Plant Optimization Performance measurement of power plant. Performance optimization of power plant with integrated Controls. System Interlocks and Safety Turbine Interlock and Protections, Interlock and Protections for Generator Text Books: (1) Modern Power Station Practice: Incorporating Modern Power System Practice: Vol - F Control and Instrumentation. / by British Electricity International. (2) Instrumentation Engg's Handbook on Process Control - Bela G. Liptak. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS AND APPLICATIONS (Subject Code: 2IC339) L T PC 3 0 0 3

Modern Power Semiconductor Devices: ASCR, RCT, GTO, MCT, SIT, IGCT, MTO, ETO, PUT. Construction, Static Characteristics, Switching Performances, Turn on & Turn off Processes and Comparison between Various Devices Dual Converters: Principle, Practical Dual Converter, Dual Converter without Circulating Current Operation, Dual converter with Circulating Current Operation, Comparison Microprocessor Based Firing Scheme. Protection, Cooling and Mounting of Thyristors: Introduction, Over voltage Conditions and Protection, Over voltage Protection in Forced Commutated Circuits, Over current Fault Condition, Gate Protection, Heating, Cooling and Thyristor Mounting Techniques SCR Reliability Thyristor Applications: Resonant Converters: ZCS & ZVS, HVDC, Static Switches Static Circuit Breakers Testing and Fault Finding: Testing of Thyristor, Testing Naturally Commutated Converter, Testing Forced Commutated Converter, On-site Commissioning of Thyristor Equipment, Important Principles and Fault Finding Books: Power Electronics : M.D.Singh Power Electronics : D.V.S.Moorthy

Page 25 of 26

Syllabus for B.Tech Semester VIII (I.C) MAJOR PROJECT (Full Semester) (Subject Code: 2IC406) L T PC 0 0 0 16

A student is required to carry out elaborated project work. The project may be either design and fabrication work or a simulation of a problem on a computer. At the end of the semester student will be required to submit a detailed report of literature survey, design problem formulation, work plan and work done and will defend his/her work carried out before the examiners. COMPREHENSSIVE VIVA / VOCE (Subject Code: 2IC407) L T PC 0 0 0 2

Each student will prepare for the subjects studied in the previous semesters and present it. The comprehensive presentation consists of the fundamentals of the subjects, relevance of the subject in further study and industry.

Page 26 of 26

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