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While PHEs became popular for liquid-to-liquid heat transfer duties, their use in phasechanging applications was not

common initially. Concerns included leakage from gasket materials, pressure limits (especially for condensers), freezing risk, and high pressure drops of generated, or in the case of a condenser, entering, vapour in both the manifolds and plate passages. Plate heat exchanger with change in phase differs from normal two phase heat transfer heat exchanger on two aspects: a) heat transfer equation and b) pressure drop. Heat transfer for present case will boiling heat transfer for which we have to make use of different correlation. Algorithm for interface of PHE with phase change will be similar to interface we have developed for PHE apart from these above mentioned changes.

Heat transfer
Flow boiling heat transfer is a complex function of many variables, including surface finish, fluid properties and flow parameters, primarily the mass flux, heat flux, vapour quality and system pressure. It is generally accepted that flow boiling heat transfer is the combination of two basic mechanisms: nucleate boiling and forced convection. For circular pipes, these two are usually treated as additive or asymptotic. The nucleate boiling contribution is often calculated from pool boiling correlations, while the forced convection contribution is calculated from singlephase correlations. For other types of channels including that of PHEs, the same two components are generally considered to be present, however their respective contributions are not known. For boiling heat transfer following, the following correlation is proposed ( Where Tsat is the saturation temperature in K, * is the bubble departure diameter, in which hydrocarbon refrigerants, is the thermal diffusivity, in m2s-1. Equation indicates a nucleate boiling dominated heat transfer process, with the heat flux having a power of 0.56. The influences of the flow velocity and chevron angle were found to be insignificant and are therefore omitted. ( ) + ) ( )

the contact angle, taken as 35 for

Pressure drop
Pressure drop in a plate heat exchanger consists of three parts: 1) pressure drop caused by the inlet and outlet manifolds and ports; 2) pressure drop in the main core of the plates, which includes the part due to the friction and the part due to fluid acceleration; 3) pressure drop owing to the change in elevation. To obtain the frictional pressure drop through the PHE channel, which was found to be the largest of all these contributions, other pressure drops had to be evaluated and subtracted from the measured value:


) +

* G: Mass flux, kgm2s-1 : Change of vapour quality x: Vapour quality

Once the frictional pressure drop in the was determined, a two-phase friction factor could then be calculated:


is with mean vapour quality

The vapour quality at the evaporator exit is determined from: Q: Heat transfer rate M: Mass flow rate, kgs-1 I: Latent heat of Vaporization

Tsat: boiling temperature: Ammonia Boiling point:-33.5oC Ammonia Latent heat of vaporization: 1371.2 kJ/kg NH3 Gas cp=2.19 kJ/kg.K NH3 liquid Cp=4.52 kJ/kg.K Ammonia Liquid Density: 682 kg/m3 Ammonia Gas Density: 0.86 kg/m3 Ammonia Gas Dynamic Viscosity: 0.000098 Poise Ammonia Liquid Dynamic Viscosity: 3.061 10-4 Ns/m2