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British Orders of Battle & TO&Es 1980-1989 v3.

4
By R Mark Davies for Battlefront: Modern
British Army of the Rhine (NORTHAG)
(ah)

III (Fr) Corps (d) I (Br) Corps (b) I (Ge) Corps (g) I (NL) Corps (g) Force dAction Rapide (d) I (Be) Corps (f) US III Corps (e) Northern Territorial Command Berlin Field Force/Infantry Brigade (c)
(a) NATOs Central Command (AFCENT), which covered most of West Germany and the Low Countries, was organised into two Army Groups the US-led Central Army Group (CENTAG) and the British-led Northern Army Group (NORTHAG). The General Officer Commanding the British Army Of the Rhine (BAOR) was also therefore, commander of NORTHAG, comprising British, Netherlands, West German and Belgian corps, as well as multi-national Army Group support troops. The British Army therefore fielded a full Army tactical headquarters element in West Germany, in addition to the I (Br) Corps Headquarters. (b) During the late 1970s and again in the late 1980s there was the intention to create a II (Br) Corps during any mobilisation for war. However, it is highly unlikely that any new combat formations were to be created. The four British divisions, plus the Corps Troops of the large I (Br) Corps were simply to be split in half. (c) The Berlin Field Force (re-designated a Brigade from 1983) was administratively attached to BAOR, though in wartime it would come under the joint US-UK-French Berlin Command. The Western Allied Berlin Brigades were actually outside the NATO command structure. (d) While there were no permanent command structures in place, there was an understanding that the French III Corps would come under NORTHAG command in wartime. There was also the additional possibility of support from the corps-sized Force dAction Rapide (FAR). (e) The US III Corps was the main REFORGER reinforcement formation that would come under NORTHAG command in wartime. To aid this deployment, a single brigade of the 2nd Armored Division was pre-positioned within the NORTHAG area, along with depots containing large quantities of heavy equipment that could be made operational simply by flying in the personnel to man it. There was also the slim possibility that the US XVIII Airborne Corps might come under NORTHAG command, though it was more likely that they would be deployed to AFNORTH (i.e. Denmark & Norway), AFSOUTH (i.e. Mediterranean & Black Sea) or elsewhere in the world. (f) The tiny Luxembourg Battlegroup was assigned to I (Be) Corps. (g) Only a single brigade (plus Corps headquarters and some corps assets) of I (NL) Corps was deployed forward in West Germany during peacetime. West German 3. Panzer-Division would therefore be assigned in wartime to that corps from I (Ge) Corps, in order to give I (NL) Corps a fighting chance while the remainder of the corps was moving forward from the home country. (h) Note that NATOs LANDJUT Corps, which had responsibility for the Danish-German border area east of the Elbe, reported to AFNORTH and not to AFCENT or NORTHAG. This was essentially due to geography and the political necessity for LANDJUT to defend Denmark. In wartime, these chiefly Danish-German forces would be reinforced by multi-national NATO forces from ACE Mobile Force (Land), including at least one British brigade. These British forces would not come under BAOR command.

I (Br) Corps (circa 1980-82)


1st Armoured Division 2nd Armoured Division 3rd Armoured Division 4th Armoured Division 5th Field Force
(aka 24th Infantry Brigade)

I (Br) Corps (circa 1982-89)


1st Armoured Division 2nd Infantry Division
(Normally based in the UK)

3rd Armoured Division 4th Armoured Division


(Div HQ & 19th Infantry Bde normally based in UK)

Parachute Regiment Group


(1989 only - grouping of TA Para Bns based in UK)

7th Field Force


(aka 19th Infantry Brigade normally based in UK) 12 & 22 Air Defence Regiments Royal Artillery (a) 5 Heavy Regiment Royal Artillery (M107) (a) 32 & 39 Heavy Regiments Royal Artillery (M110) (a)

12 & 22 Air Defence Regiments Royal Artillery (a) 5 Heavy Regiment Royal Artillery (M107) (a) 32 & 39 Heavy Regiments Royal Artillery (M110) (a)

50 Missile Regiment Royal Artillery (Lance) (a) 23 & 25 Engineer Regiments Royal Engineers

50 Missile Regiment Royal Artillery (Lance) (a) 65 Corps Support Squadron Royal Engineers 28 Amphibious Regiment Royal Engineers 32 Armoured Engineer Regiment Royal Engineers 664 Army Aviation Squadron

28 Amphibious Regiment Royal Engineers 32 Armoured Engineer Regiment Royal Engineers 65 Corps Support Squadron Royal Engineers Reconnaissance Regiment (Rotated regiments - normally based in UK) 664 Army Aviation Squadron

(a) I (Br) Corps corps-level Royal Artillery assets were initially grouped as 1st Artillery Division. The Artillery Division headquarters was downsized in 1985 and the formation was re-designated 1st Artillery Brigade. Nevertheless, the basic grouping of assets ( x2 Air Defence Regiments, x3 Heavy Regiments and x1 Missile Regiment, plus Artillery Transport and Locating Regiments) remained the same.

UK Land Forces (UKLF) (a)


6th Field Force/5th Airborne Brigade
(Strategic Reserve)

Other Overseas Garrisons


48th (Gurkha) Infantry Brigade (Hong Kong Garrison) Brunei Garrison
(+) Cyprus

8th Field Force/1st Infantry Brigade


(UK Defence, then re-roled to AMF(L) from 1982)

2nd Infantry Brigade Garrison 3rd Infantry Brigade


(Northern Ireland)

Gibraltar Garrison
(+)

5th (Guards) Infantry Brigade Belize Garrison Falklands Garrison (Pre-1982 War) Falklands Garrison (Post-1982 War) Bermuda Garrison 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade 51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade 54th Infantry Brigade 56th (London) Infantry Brigade 143rd Infantry Brigade 160th (Wales) Infantry Brigade UK Special Forces (SAS & SBS) (a) 21 Special Air Service (TA) 22 Special Air Service 23 Special Air Service (TA) Special Boat Squadron/Service (a) 3 Commando Brigade
(Under Royal Navy command, but affiliated to UKLF) (a) UKSF was formed in 1987 to co-ordinate the previously separate efforts of the SAS, SBS and 14th Intelligence Company. The SBS was also reorganised and expanded at this time, to essentially mirror the four-squadron organisation of 22 SAS. It was also renamed at this time from Special Boat Squadron to Special Boat Service.

8th Infantry Brigade


(Northern Ireland)

39th Infantry Brigade


(Northern Ireland)

(-)

42nd Infantry Brigade

(+)

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-01

British Armoured Division 1980-82 (ah)


(1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th Armoured Divisions)

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-05 x2 Armoured Task Force (ab) BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Battery (c) ME CWBR-16 x3 Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-22 x1 Anti-Tank Guided Weapons Battery (d)

(a) In 1976 the British Army Of the Rhine was completely reorganised as four Armoured Divisions. The old Brigade organisation was removed and in its place was the Task Force concept, which was designed to be heavy on teeth arms and light on organic logistical tail elements, which would be massed at the divisional level and allocated where needed. In addition, there were independent Field Forces which contained their own organic logistical support elements. Both Task Forces and Field Forces would be extensively reinforced by regular Army and Territorial Army Infantry Battalions in wartime. (b) 1st Armoured Division comprised Task Force (TF) Alpha & TF Bravo. 2nd Armoured Division had TFs Charlie & Delta. 3rd Armoured Division had TFs Echo & Foxtrot. 4th Armoured Division had TFs Golf & Hotel. (c) The Light Air Defence Battery belonged administratively to one of the two SP artillery regiments in the division. However, it operated tactically as an independent unit.

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-03 x2 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery

ORGANIC DIVISIONAL AVIATION ASSETS


x6 or x12 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter (f) x6 or x12 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (fg)

(d) Prior to the 1976 reorganisations, the Swingfire ATGM vehicles (both FV-438 and CVR(T) Striker) were operated as ATGW Troops organic to the Armoured and Recce Regiments. They were then massed under the command of the Royal Horse Artillery as a Corps Guided Weapons Regiment. In practice, the regiment was divided up into batteries, with each battery being allocated to a division, as shown here. This organisation was scrapped in the 1982 Regiment (ce) reorganisation and all Swingfire ATGM vehicles were returned to the Armoured and Recce Regiments. (e) The M109 upgrade programme began in 1980. May therefore convert x1 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery Regiment to a Self-Propelled Field Artillery Regiment (FSE CWBR-01). (f) The Division would have an Army Air Corps Regiment at its disposal, equipped with three squadrons, each of x6 aircraft: Regiments would either have x2 Scout/Lynx Squadrons and x1 Gazelle Squadron or x2 Gazelle Squadrons and x1 Scout/Lynx Squadron. (g) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (h) I (Br) Corps assets in West Germany comprised x2 Infantry Field Forces (BG CWBR-08), x2 Heavy Artillery Regiments equipped with M107 175mm hoitzers (FSE CWBR-09), x1 Heavy Artillery Regiment equipped with M110 SP 203mm howitzers (FSE CWBR-11), x2 x6 Air Defence Batteries (Rapier) (ME CWBR-14), x3 Armoured Engineer Squadrons (ME CWBR-31) and additional engineering and aviation assets, including RAF Wessex, Puma and Chinook transport helicopters. More such assets would deploy as reinforcements from the UK. There was also a Missile Regiment equipped with Lance Tactical Missiles.

CWBR-43 CWBR-42

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-02

British Armoured Division 1982-89 (ah)


(1st & 3rd Armoured Divisions)

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-06 x3 Armoured Brigades (b) BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (c) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 to x3 Light Air Defence Battery (d) ME CWBR-13 Up to x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier) (d) ME CWBR-16 x3 Engineer Field Squadron

(a) Following the 1982 reorganisations, BAOR had two Armoured Divisions (1st & 3rd) permanently deployed in Germany, with a third Armoured Division (4th) partially deployed in Germany. In the event of war, several reinforcement formations and units (including 2nd Infantry Division) could be deployed at relatively short notice from the UK. During the late 1980s a II (Br) Corps was also proposed, with the four British divisions being split between it. However, although a headquarters was formed, this plan does not seem to have come to fruition before the end of the Cold War and no additional assets seem to have been allocated as Corps troops. (b) The three Armoured Brigades in each division had a total of x5 Mechanised Infantry Battalions and x4 Armoured Regiments between them. One of the three Armoured Brigades would therefore be heavy, having x2 Armoured Regiments and x1 Mechanised Infantry Battalion, while the other two brigades would have x1 Armoured Regiment and x2 Mechanised Infantry Battalions. 7th, 12th & 22nd Armoured Brigades served with 1st Armoured Division, while 4th, 6th & 33rd Armoured Brigades served with 3rd Armoured Division. (c) The 1st Armoured Divisions Recce Regiment was normally deployed in the UK and would receive it upon mobilisation for war. There were some slight organisational differences in UK-based Recce Regiments following the 1982 reorganisation (see BG CWBR13). 3rd Armoured Divisions Recce Regiment was permanently deployed in West Germany. (d) The divisional Light Air Defence element was increased between 1983 & 1985 from just x1 Light Air Defence Battery to a full regiment of x3 Light Air Defence Batteries and x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier). These Rapiers had become available following the introduction of Tracked Rapier at Corps level during this period. (e) Following the 1982 reorganisations, the divisions each had x1 SP Field Regiment (M109 155mm) and x2 SP Light Field Regiments (Abbott 105mm). However, the M109 upgrade programme was ongoing and each division had x2 SP Field Regiments (M109) and x1 SP Light Field Regiment (Abbott) by the mid-1980s. (f) The Division would have an Army Air Corps Regiment at its disposal, equipped with three squadrons, each of x6 aircraft: Regiments would either have x2 Lynx Squadrons and x1 Gazelle Squadron or x2 Gazelle Squadrons and x1 Lynx Squadron. (g) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (h) Following the 1982 reorganisation, I (Br) Corps assets in Germany comprised x2 Heavy Artillery Regiments equipped with M107 SP 175mm howitzers (FSE CWBR-09), x1 Heavy Artillery Regiment equipped with M110 SP 203mm howitzers (FSE CWBR11), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Tracked Rapier) (ME CWBR-15), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Rapier) (ME CWBR-14), x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (BG CWBR-20 (UK-based)), x3 Armoured Engineer Squadrons (ME CWBR-31) and additional engineering and aviation assets, including RAF Wessex, Puma and Chinook transport helicopters. More such assets would deploy as reinforcements from the UK. There was also a Missile Regiment equipped with Lance Tactical Missiles.

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-01 x1 or x2 SP Field Artillery Regt (e) FSE CWBR-03 x1 or x2 SP Light Field Artillery Regt (e) ORGANIC DIVISIONAL AVIATION ASSETS
x6 or x12 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter (f) x6 or x12 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (fg) CWBR-43 CWBR-42

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-03

British Armoured Division 1982-89 (ah)


(4th Armoured Division)

(a) As can be seen, 4th Armoured Division was organised slightly differently from 1st & 3rd Armoured Divisions following the 1982 reorganisations, with x2 Armoured Brigades and x1 Infantry Brigade. (b) The two Armoured Brigades in 4th Armoured Division (11th & 20th Armoured Brigades) had a total of x3 Mechanised Infantry Battalions and x3 Armoured Regiments between them. One of the three Armoured Brigades would therefore be heavy, having x2 Armoured Regiments and x1 Mechanised Infantry Battalion, while the other brigade had x1 Armoured Regiment and x2 Mechanised Infantry Battalions. (c) The 19th Infantry Brigade was created from 7th Field Force during the 1982 reorganisation. It would reinforce from the UK during mobilisation for war. Some divisional assets would also deploy from the UK, including the divisions single towed Field Artillery Regiment. (d) The 4th Armoured Divisions Recce Regiment was permanently deployed in West Germany. (e) The divisional Light Air Defence element was increased between 1983 & 1985 from just x1 Light Air Defence Battery to a full regiment of x3 Light Air Defence Batteries and x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier). These Rapiers had become available following the introduction of Tracked Rapier at Corps level during this period. (f) The Division would have an Army Air Corps Regiment at its disposal, equipped with three squadrons, each of x6 aircraft: Regiments would either have x2 Lynx Squadrons and x1 Gazelle Squadron or x2 Gazelle Squadrons and x1 Lynx Squadron. (g) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (h) Following the 1982 reorganisation, I (Br) Corps assets in Germany comprised x2 Heavy Artillery Regiments equipped with M107 SP 175mm howitzers (FSE CWBR-09), x1 Heavy Artillery Regiment equipped with M110 SP 203mm howitzers (FSE CWBR11), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Tracked Rapier) (ME CWBR-15), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Rapier) (ME CWBR-14), x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (BG CWBR-20 (UK-based)), x3 Armoured Engineer Squadrons (ME CWBR-31) and additional engineering and aviation assets, including RAF Wessex, Puma and Chinook transport helicopters. More such assets would deploy as reinforcements from the UK. There was also a Missile Regiment equipped with Lance Tactical Missiles.

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-06 x2 Armoured Brigades (b) BG CWBR-09 x1 Infantry Brigade (c) BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (d) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 to x3 Light Air Defence Battery (e) ME CWBR-13 Up to x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier) (e) ME CWBR-16 x3 Engineer Field Squadron

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-01 x1 Self-Propelled Field Artillery Regiment FSE CWBR-03 x1 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery Regt FSE CWBR-05 x1 Field Artillery Regiment (c) ORGANIC DIVISIONAL AVIATION ASSETS
x6 or x12 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter (f) x6 or x12 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (fg) CWBR-43 CWBR-42

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-04

British Infantry Division 1982-89 (ai)


(2nd Infantry Division)

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-09 x1 Infantry Brigade (b)


Alternative:

(a) 2nd Infantry Division was created during the 1982 reorganisation, replacing 2nd Armoured Division. The division was based in the UK and was assigned to reinforce I (Br) Corps during mobilisation for war. Many of its headquarters, logistic and support elements came from the Territorial Army (TA: i.e. Volunteer Reserves), as did two of its Infantry Brigades. (b) The 24th Infantry Brigade was created from the 5th Field Force during the 1982 reorganisation. It was permanently deployed forward in West Germany during the early 1980s, but was eventually withdrawn back to the UK. In 1988 it was re-roled to become 24th Airmobile Brigade.

BG CWBR-11 x1 Airmobile Infantry Brigade (b)

(c) The Territorial Army provided the 15th & 49th Infantry Brigades, BG CWBR-10 x2 Territorial Army (TA) Infantry Brigade (cd) two Yeomanry Recce Regiments, two Artillery Regiments and a

BG CWBR-21 x2 Yeomanry (TA) Reconnaissance Regt (cd) (d) The two TA Yeomanry Regiments were attached administratively MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 to x3 Light Air Defence Battery (e) ME CWBR-13 Up to x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier) (e) ME CWBR-16 x3 Engineer Field Squadron (i) to the two TA Brigades. However, upon arrival in Germany they would come under the direct control of the divisional commander. (e) The divisional Light Air Defence element was increased between 1983 & 1985 from just x1 Light Air Defence Battery to a full regiment of x3 Light Air Defence Batteries and x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier). These Rapiers had become available following the introduction of Tracked Rapier at Corps level during this period. (f) The divisions artillery element was steadily upgraded during the early & mid-1980s from the L118 105mm Light Gun to the FH-70 155mm Howitzer. Its likely that the regular Army regiment was converted first, followed by the two TA regiments. (g) The Division would have an Army Air Corps Regiment at its disposal, equipped with three squadrons, each of x6 aircraft: Regiments would normally have either x2 Lynx Squadrons and x1 Gazelle Squadron or x2 Gazelle Squadrons and x1 Lynx Squadron. However, one of the squadrons assigned to 2nd Infantry Division was supplied by the TA, in which case replace x6 Lynx with: Scout AH Mk 1 Attack Helicopter CWBR-42 (h) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (i) Following the 1982 reorganisation, I (Br) Corps assets in Germany comprised x2 Heavy Artillery Regiments equipped with M107 SP 175mm howitzers (FSE CWBR-09), x1 Heavy Artillery Regiment equipped with M110 SP 203mm howitzers (FSE CWBR-11), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Tracked Rapier) (ME CWBR-15), x4 Air Defence Batteries (Rapier) (ME CWBR-14), x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (BG CWBR-20 (UK-based)), x3 Armoured Engineer Squadrons (ME CWBR-31) and additional engineering and aviation assets, including RAF Wessex, Puma and Chinook transport helicopters. More such assets would deploy as reinforcements from the UK. There was also a Missile Regiment equipped with Lance Tactical Missiles. (j) From 1988 replace x1 Engineer Field Squadron with an Airmobile Engineer Field Squadron (ME CWBR-17).

considerable amount of the supporting arms to 2nd Infantry Division. It also provided the bulk of the forces defending the UK itself.

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 x3 Light Field Artillery Regiment (cf)
Alternative:

FSE CWBR-05 x3 Field Artillery Regiment (cf) ORGANIC DIVISIONAL AVIATION ASSETS
x6 or x12 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter (g) x6 or x12 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (gh) CWBR-43 CWBR-42

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-05 British Armoured Task Force 1980-82 (abd)


Command x1 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm Main Battle Tank x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x3 CVR(T) Spartan APC CWBR-01 CWBR-26 CWBR-10

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-06 British Armoured Brigade 1982-89 (ag)


Command x1 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm Main Battle Tank (b) CWBR-01 x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x3 CVR(T) Spartan APC CWBR-26 CWBR-10

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-19 x1 or x2 Armoured Regiment (a) BG CWBR-23 x1 or x2 Mechanised Infantry Battalion (a) BG CWBR-24 Up to x2 Infantry Battalion Type A (bc) BG CWBR-25 Up to x2 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (bc) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-19 x1 or x2 Armoured Regiment (a) BG CWBR-23 x1 or x2 Mechanised Infantry Battalion (ad) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

(a) The TFs each had a minimum of x1 Armoured Regiment and x1 Mechanised Infantry Battalion permanently assigned, with additional Infantry Battalions being allocated from the UK in wartime. TFA was the heaviest, with x2 Armoured and x2 Mech permanently assigned. TFB & TFC each had x2 Armoured and 1x Mech. TFD, TFE & TFG each had x1 Armoured & x2 Mech. TFF & TFH each had x1 Armoured and x1 Mech. (b) A pool of x12 regular Army Infantry Battalions and x19 Territorial Army (TA volunteer reserves) Infantry Battalions were allocated to reinforce BAOR in wartime. These would be split between the eight TFs and the two FFs in I (Br) Corps, as well as providing security for rear echelons. x3 battalions seems to have been the usual allocation per TF or FF. (c) Most of the regular battalions would be of Type A organisation, though some might have been Type B. All TA battalions were Type B. As far as I can discover, there were no Mechanised battalions allocated to reinforce BAOR. (d) The Task Force/Field Force concept was eventually abandoned after six years in 1982, as it was found to be too unwieldy in the field. The additional wartime reinforcements made the formation too large for a small headquarters to control, despite the promises in 1976 that advances in communications technology would allow more than the traditional 3 or 4 battlegroups per brigade. The integration of nonmechanised battlegroups with mechanised battlegroups under the same command also proved problematic and reduced the punch of the armoured formations. It was also found that the lack of organic logistical elements led to severe logistic problems. The reversion to Brigades occurred very quickly, with some reverting before the end of 1982.

(a) Following the 1982 reorganisation, the three Armoured Brigades in each Armoured Division had a total of x5 Mechanised Infantry Battalions and x4 Armoured Regiments between them. One of the three Armoured Brigades would therefore be heavy, having x2 Armoured Regiments and x1 Mechanised Infantry Battalion, while the other two brigades would have x1 Armoured Regiment and x2 Mechanised Infantry Battalions. However, 4th Armoured Division, having only two Armoured Brigades, had a total of x3 Armoured Regiments and x3 Mechanised Infantry Battalions. (b) From mid-1980s: May upgrade Chieftain Mk 5 to: Chieftain Mk 10 120mm Main Battle Tank

CWBR-02

(c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) With the introduction of the Warrior MICV, Mechanised Infantry Battalions that re-equipped with Warrior were re-designated as Armoured Infantry Battalions. However, battalion organisation remained essentially the same, so I have not differentiated them here. Only three BAOR battalions managed to re-equip with Warrior before the end of 1989 one in 1st Armoured Division and two in 3rd Armoured Division. There had also been a Warrior demonstrator battalion in the UK since 1984; it was briefly deployed to West Germany for Exercise Lionheart 84 and again in 1986, though no BAOR battalions were converted until 1988.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-07 British Berlin Field Force/Infantry Brigade (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (b) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Medium Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-11 CWBR-26 CWBR-22

(a) The Berlin Infantry Brigade was known as the Berlin Field Force from 1976 to 1982. (b) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (c) The fourth infantry battalion seems to have been a late addition. It doesnt appear in the orbats I have for the Berlin Field Force circa 1980 and isnt mentioned in most books and articles on the Berlin Infantry Brigade. (d) The Berlin Armoured Squadron was organised somewhat differently to other British Armoured Squadrons and was significantly stronger. It did not upgrade its Chieftain MBTs to Challengers. It did however, upgrade them to Chieftain Mk 10 standard in 1988. The Berlin Brigade also did not upgrade its few FV-432 APCs to Warriors and the brigade never received any CVR(T) variants. It did however, receive twelve of the thirteen FV-432/30 Fire Support Vehicles in existence. This of course, is all very non-standard and sources conflict on exactly who had what in Berlin (e) Some sources list the Light Air Defence Troop as only being available from 1986 onwards (equipped with Javelin SAMs). However, one source does list a troop of Blowpipe SAMs present in 1982. (f) Two batteries of Abbot SP 105mm howitzers are listed in 1982, but these seem to have been withdrawn soon after. The Berlin Brigade had no artillery element in the late 1980s. (g) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (h) Be afraid, Ivan Be very afraid (i) These battalions operated under a unique organisation. They never received Saxon APCs, but they did receive a small number of FV-432 variants, including all of the FV-432/30s in service.

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-23 x3 Infantry Battalion Type A (i) BG CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (c) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-01 x1 Armoured Squadron (d) ME CWBR-16 x1 Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Troop (e)

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS


FSE CWBR-04 Up to x2 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery Battery (f)

ORGANIC BRIGADE AVIATION ASSETS


x1 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter x2 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (g) CWBR-43 CWBR-42

x1 Chipmunk T Mk 10 (Spitmunk) Air Observation Post (h) Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-08 British Infantry Field Force (BAOR) 1980-82 (ae)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Ferret Scout Car (b) x3 Infantry (1 MAW) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-ton Truck (b) CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-26 CWBR-22

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-09 British Infantry Brigade 1982-89 (af)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Ferret Scout Car (b) x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-ton Truck (b) CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-26 CWBR-22

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-21 x1 Yeomanry (TA) Reconnaissance Regt (b) BG CWBR-24 x3 Infantry Battalion Type A BG CWBR-25 Up to x3 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (c) FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 Up to x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment (d) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-24 x2 Infantry Battalion Type A BG CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (d) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

(a) The regular 19th Infantry Brigade was allocated to reinforce 4th Armoured Division using this organisation. Another Infantry Brigade (the 24th) was allocated to 2nd British Infantry Division until 1988, when it was converted to the Airmobile role (see BG CWBR-08). The British Army was also maintaining divisional-sized presence in Northern Ireland with similar brigade organisations throughout the 1980s. The regular Army core of the Home Defence forces in the UK used a similar organisation. (b) From 1985: May replace all transport with: Saxon APC

(a) 5th Field Force was permanently deployed in West Germany, while 7th Field Force was based in the UK and would be deployed to West Germany in wartime. The Task Force/Field Force concept was developed in 1976, when it was assumed that advances in communications technology would allow more than just the traditional 3-4 battlegroups to be controlled by a single Brigade headquarters. However, in practice it was discovered that the advances in technology did not increase speed of decision-making on the part of the Brigadier and as a consequence, the Field Forces were converted back into Infantry Brigades in 1982 5th Field Force became 24th Infantry Brigade (2nd Infantry Division), while 7th Field Force became 19th Infantry Brigade (4th Armoured Division). (b) In wartime the 5th & 7th Field Forces were each to be allocated a Yeomanry (TA) Reconnaissance Regiment, which would be deployed with the reinforcement wave from the UK. These two Yeomanry Regiments were equipped with CVR(W) Fox armoured cars and CVR(T) variants. (c) In wartime the Field Forces would be reinforced by additional infantry battalions, the majority (possibly all) of whom would be drawn from the TA. (d) Although Ive not seen any specific mention of artillery assets, it does seem likely that the Field Forces would have been allocated artillery regiments probably from the TA.

CWBR-14

(c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) The Type B (Light-Role) Infantry Battalion would be provided by the TA.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-10 British TA Infantry Brigade (BAOR) 1982-89 (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (b) x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-ton Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-26 CWBR-22

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-11 British Airmobile Infantry Brigade 1980s (ac)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle x3 Infantry (L85/86) (1 MAW) (d) Transport x3 CVR(T) Spartan APC CWBR-25 CWBR-08 CWBR-27 CWBR-10

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-25 x4 or x5 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light) (d) ATTACHMENTS


Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-26 x2 Airmobile Infantry Battalion BG CWBR-24 x1 Infantry Battalion Type A (b) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-41 CWBR-18

(a) Following the 1982 reorganisation, two Territorial Army Brigades (15th (Scottish) & 49th (West Rising) Infantry Brigades) were assigned to reinforce the newly-created 2nd Infantry Division. Note that each of these brigades had an integral Yeomanry Recce Regiment administratively under command, though in Germany these were normally placed directly at the disposal of the divisional commander. (b) May replace Land Rover with: Ferret Scout Car

(a) The 24th Infantry Brigade of 2nd Infantry Division was re-roled in 1988 to become 24th Airmobile Brigade. Eventually the brigade became primarily a rapidly-deployed anti-tank screen, with very high quantities of Milan ATGMs. However, it is not clear if this reorganisation took place in the 1980s or early 1990s. (b) This infantry battalion was a regular infantry battalion mounted in Saxon APCs and was not therefore airmobile. (c) The Brigade had an entire Army Air Corps Regiment at its disposal, equipped with three squadrons. RAF Puma and Chinook helicopters were also allocated to lift its heavier equipment as necessary. (d) From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card).

CWBR-18

(c) May not upgrade Infantry the L85/L86 did not replace the SLR/SMG/LMG combination in the TA (and supporting arms) until the 1990s. They also did not receive the LAW 80. (d) 15th Brigade had x4 Battalions, while 49th Brigade had x5.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-12 British Field Force (Home Defence) 1980-1982 (ad)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Ferret Scout Car x3 Infantry (1 MAW) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (b) CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-26 CWBR-14 (a) Until the reorganisation of 1982, the 8th Field Force formed the nucleus of Britains home defences, with a combined-arms force of armour and infantry. Following the 1982 reorganisation it was redesignated as 1st Infantry Brigade and was re-roled to be the British contribution to ACE Mobile Force (Land). (b) The British Army held sufficient stocks of Saracen APCs and Humber Pig APCs to equip roughly two infantry brigades (however, the majority of these were in Northern Ireland). May therefore replace transport with: Saracen APC CWBR-63 Humber Pig APC CWBR-64 (c) The Light Role Infantry Battalions would be provided by the TA, as would at least some of the Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery. (d) The artillery may have been upgraded to a Field Artillery Regiment (FSE CWBR-05) equipped with FH-70 155mm howitzers. However, only one regiment in the UK had been re-equipped with FH-70 by the start of 1980.

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-19 x1 Armoured Regiment BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment BG CWBR-24 x3 Infantry Battalion Type A BG CWBR-25 Up to x3 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (c) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Battery (c) ME CWBR-25 x1 TA Engineer Field Squadron (c)

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment (cd) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Ferret Scout Car x2 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter x4 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter CWBR-41 CWBR-18 CWBR-43 CWBR-42

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-13 British Infantry Brigade Group (ACE Mobile Force (Land)) 1982-89 (ad)
HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Ferret Scout Car (b) x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (b) CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-26 CWBR-14 (a) Following the 1982 reorganisation, one regular Infantry Brigade Group (1st Infantry Brigade) was allocated to AMF(L) ready to be deployed anywhere at minimum notice. However, in a war with the Warsaw Pact, the most likely deployment for this brigade would be to reinforce NATOs Northern Flank in Denmark. Prior to this, the UKs contribution to AMF(L) was a single infantry battalion battlegroup (see BG CWBR-18) (b) From 1984: May replace transport with: Saxon APC

BATTLEGROUPS BG CWBR-24 x3 Infantry Battalion Type A BG CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (g) BG CWBR-19 x1 Armoured Regiment (e) BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (f) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Battery (g) ME CWBR-14 Up to x1 Light Air Defence Troop (Rapier) ME CWBR-16 x1 Engineer Field Squadron (gjk)

CWBR-14

(c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) RAF and most probably Royal Navy (as well as other Allied) aviation assets would be allocated according to the mission. (e) The attached Armoured Regiment had Chieftain tanks and was not upgraded to Challenger. Some sources state that only a single squadron was allocated to ACE Mobile Force. (f) The Reconnaissance Regiment was organised according to UK scales, with mixed troops of CVR(T) Scimitar and CVR(T) Scorpion (see BG CWBR-13 and ME CWBR-03). (g) The Light Role Infantry Battalion and some Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery would probably be provided by the TA. (h) The Scout helicopters were steadily replaced through the 80s with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (i) Some sources list the artillery as a Light Field Artillery Regiment (FSE CWBR-07). (j) These engineers may have been un-armoured, in which case replace with a TA Engineer Field Squadron (ME CWBR-25). (k) It is possible that the Engineer Field Squadron also had an attached Armoured Engineer Troop. In which case, add the following: x1 Centurion AVRE 165mm Engineer Assault Tank CWBR-04 x1 Chieftain AVLB CWBR-05 x1 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-18

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-05 x1 Field Artillery Regiment (gi) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Ferret Scout Car x2 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter x4 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (h) CWBR-41 CWBR-18 CWBR-43 CWBR-44

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-14 British Field Force (Strategic Reserve) 1980-82 (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x3 Para Infantry (1 MAW) Transport x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-37 CWBR-20

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-15 British Airborne Brigade 1982-89 (ad)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x3 Para Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-37 CWBR-20

BATTLEGROUPS BG-CWBR-27 x3 to x6 Para Infantry Battalion (ab) BATTLEGROUP CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role) (a) BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (d) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Battery ME CWBR-18 x1 Airborne Engineer Field Squadron

BATTLEGROUPS BG-CWBR-27 x2 to x5 Para Infantry Battalion (b) BG CWBR-24 x1 Infantry Battalion Type A BG CWBR-20 x1 Reconnaissance Regiment (c) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 x1 Light Air Defence Battery ME CWBR-18 x1 Airborne Engineer Field Squadron

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer CWBR-41 CWBR-20 Transport/Recon x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-41 CWBR-20

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Land Rover (with MG)

(a) Prior to the 1982 reorganisation, the 6th Field Force was the UKs Strategic Reserve, ready to deploy anywhere around the world. Following the 1982 reorganisation, 6th Field Force was redesignated 5th Airborne Brigade and was re-roled. (b) The British Army had x3 regular Para Battalions and x3 TA Para Battalions, both organised identically. However one of the regular battalions was always allocated to one of the Northern Ireland garrison brigades (3, 8 or 39 Bdes) on rotation, which left only x2 regular Para battalions permanently assigned to 6 FF. The three TA battalions were not permanently assigned to 6 FF, though it seems likely that they would have been allocated in wartime. (c) One squadron from this Reconnaissance Regiment would have been detached to the infantry battlegroup assigned to AMF(L) (see BG CWBR-18).

(a) 5 Airborne Brigade was the UKs only Airborne formation and could be assigned to reinforce any NATO command or act independently, as the situation required. The Brigade had two regular battalions of the Parachute Regiment (with a third battalion on rotation in Northern Ireland), plus three TA Para Battalions (all organised identically) and a parachute-trained Gurkha Battalion (organised as a Type B (Light Role) Battalion). (b) From the mid-1980s the three TA Para Battalions were tasked with an independent BAOR-oriented mission in the event of war with Warpac: They were to be assigned to 1st Armoured Division and were to have considerably more than the normal complement of Milan ATGMs. Their mission was to be rapidly deployed forward by air as soon as war started and there to act as a forlorn hope antitank screen. In 1989 this organisation was formalised as a special brigade with the title Parachute Regiment Group. (c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Para Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-38 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) One Reconnaissance Regiment would be allocated to support 5 Airborne Brigade in the event of a war with Warpac (using UK scales of equipment see BG CWBR-13), though one squadron of this regiment would be detached to support 3 Commando Brigade in Norway.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-16 British Commando Brigade 1980s (ak)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Bv-202 Tracked Carrier (no MG) (i) x3 Commando Infantry (1 MAW) (b) x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) (c) Transport x2 Bv-202 Tracked Carrier (with MG) (ij) CWBR-25 CWBR-48 CWBR-39 CWBR-28 CWBR-48

(a) 3 Commando Brigade retained the designation Brigade throughout the era of Field Forces and Task Forces. It also did not suffer the major reorganisations that took place in the Army between 1976 & 1982. The Brigades most likely role in the event of a war with the Warsaw Pact, was reinforcing NATOs Northern Flank in Norway. As a result, the Brigade trained intensively for Arctic warfare and had large numbers of Bv-202 Carriers and other equipment pre-positioned in Norway. For this mission, the Royal Dutch Marines were also an integral part of the Brigade and were organised very similarly, as well as being trained, uniformed and equipped very similarly (with longer hair!). Consequently, a Commando Battalion on the Northern Flank will normally have a Royal Dutch Marine Company attached (see Netherlands TO&Es). (b) From 1986: Upgrade Commando Infantry (SLR/LMG) to: x3 Commando Infantry (L85/86) (1 MAW) CWBR-40 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (c) In wartime the Commandos would have their firepower beefed up by as many GPMGs as they could carry. (d) The Royal Marines had their own small air arm, equipped very much like the Army Air Corps, with Gazelle and Scout (replaced by Lynx in 1982) helicopters. 3 Commando Brigade had one dedicated Royal Marines Squadron and could normally rely upon the Royal Navy to provide additional troop-carrying Sea King helicopters, with the RAF providing additional heavy lift (though it didnt really work out that way in the Falklands!). (e) Late 1982: Replace Scout helicopters with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 The Lynx Helicopters may alternatively be equipped as attack helicopters. May therefore replace with: Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45 (f) 3 Commando Brigade only had a Reconnaissance Squadron following the 1982 reorganisation, when it received the squadron that had previously been allocated to the AMF(L) Battlegroup. The squadron was equipped according to UK scales of equipment, with mixed troops of Scimitar and Scorpion. (g) Early 1980s: Only a single battery was Commando-roled. This was expanded to a full regiment following the 1982 reorganisations and in the Falklands this was even supplemented by a fourth battery. There was also a Forward Observation Battery, providing the capability for the artillery to co-ordinate with naval gunfire support. (h) The Royal Marines formed their own Air Defence Troop, with Blowpipe SAMs (later replaced by Javelin). This was usually supplemented by a Rapier Battery from the Royal Artillery and in the Falklands, an additional Troop of Blowpipes/Javelins from the Royal Artillery. (i) Late 1980s: May replace Bv-202 with: Bv-206 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier

BATTLEGROUPS BG-CWBR-28 x3 Royal Marine Commando (a) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS


ME CWBR-14 x1 Air Defence Battery (Rapier) (h) ME CWBR-13 x1 to x2 Light Air Defence Troop (h) ME CWBR-19 x1 Commando Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-03 Up to x1 Reconnaissance Squadron (f)

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 Up to x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment (g) ORGANIC BRIGADE AVIATION ASSETS
x3 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter (d) x4 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (de) CWBR-43 CWBR-42

ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Land Rover (with MG) (j) CWBR-41 CWBR-20

CWBR-72

(j) In the Falklands, almost all transport was deleted from the order of battle, bar some supply vehicles, some Bv-202s for Brigade HQ and some prime-movers for Rapier SAMs and 105mm Light Guns. The vast majority of units moved on foot or by helicopter. (k) In addition to 3 Commando Brigade, there was also a reinforced independent Royal Marine Company, designated Comacchio Company (named for a WW2 Battle Honour won by the RM Commandos in Italy and assuming the traditions of the defunct 43 RM Commando), was created in 1980 to take over the defence of UK nuclear weapons and North Sea oil-rigs against terrorist/special forces attack. Renamed Comacchio Group in 1987, it was doubled in strength to that of a full Commando, though probably lacked the full array of heavy weapons normally possessed by a Commando.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-17 British Infantry Brigade (Home Service) 1980s (ad)


(2, 3, 5, 8, 39, 42, 43, 51, 52, 54, 56, 143 & 160 Infantry Brigades) HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Ferret Scout Car x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (b) CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-26 CWBR-14 (a) At the peak in 1989, there were 13 Infantry Brigades in the UK that were not otherwise assigned to BAOR or AMF(L) roles. These brigades were spread fairly evenly around the country and contained a bewildering array of different organisations, with regular Army and TA often being mixed within the same brigades. These brigades also varied enormously in strength, having anywhere between x2 and x7 battlegroups under command. However, it is likely that in wartime these variances might have been evened out to around x4 battlegroups per brigade. (b) The British Army held sufficient stocks of Saracen APCs and Humber Pig APCs to equip roughly two infantry brigades (the majority of these were with 3, 8 & 39 Brigades in Northern Ireland). May therefore replace transport with: Saracen APC CWBR-63 Humber Pig APC CWBR-64 (c) From 1986: May upgrade regular Army Infantry (not TA) with L85/L86 small-arms: x3 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card).

BATTLEGROUPS A Brigade may have up to x6 Battlegroups taken from the following: BG CWBR-19 Up to x1 Armoured Regiment (d) BG CWBR-21 Up to x1 Yeomanry Recce Regiment (e)
Alternative:

BG CWBR-22 (d) There was normally a single un-brigaded Armoured Regiment Up to x1 Yeomanry Light Recce Regiment (f) stationed in the UK, which could be assigned to an Infantry Brigade
in wartime.

BG CWBR-23 Up to x1 Mechanised Infantry Battalion (g) BG CWBR-24 Up to x3 Infantry Battalion Type A (h) BG CWBR-25 Up to x4 Infantry Battalion Type B (i) (Light Role) (c) BG CWBR-29 Up to x4 Infantry Battalion (Home Defence) (j) BG-CWBR-27 Up to x1 Para Infantry Battalion (k) MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-13 Up to x1 Light Air Defence Battery (l) ME CWBR-25 Up to x1 TA Engineer Field Squadron

(e) There was x1 Yeomanry (TA) Recce Regiment assigned to Home Defence. This regiment was assigned to 2 Bde in SE England and was equipped with obsolete Saladin, Ferret and Saracen AFVs until 1984, when it was re-equipped with CVR(W) Fox and CVR(T). (f) There were x2 Yeomanry (TA) Light Recce Regiments. These were assigned to 43 Bde in W England and to 54 Bde in the Midlands. (g) There were roughly x3 or x4 regular Army Mechanised Battalions assigned to Home Service. These were generally stationed in the southern half of England in 1989 they were with 2, 54 & 56 Bdes, with one more being un-brigaded. In 1984 one battalion (56 Bde) became Armoured Infantry, equipped with Warrior. (h) Most Brigades had a single regular Army Type A Infantry Battalion, though the three Northern Ireland brigades (3, 8 & 39) usually had more (on rotation from other brigades), while 5 Bde had three Type A battalions from the Guards normally assigned. Most Type A battalions eventually converted to Saxon APCs. (i) Most brigades had at least one Type B battalion present. These could be either regular Army or TA. (j) The TA Home Defence element was expanded through the 1980s until it reached a peak in 1989 of x22 Home Defence Battalions, spread across eight brigades (8, 42, 43, 51, 52, 54, 56 & 160 Bdes). (k) One Para Battalion was permanently assigned on rotation to one of the Northern Ireland Brigades. One of the three TA Para Battalions might also be assigned to Home Service. (l) The vast majority of Royal Artillery units were assigned to BAOR or AMF(L) roles. However, some of the Home Service Brigades would have been able to scrape up artillery or air defence support (probably from TA units). (m) Aside from the single TA Army Air Corps Squadron, which kept the Scout well into the 1990s, the Scout helicopters were steadily replaced with Lynx. May therefore replace Scout with: Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 (TOW) Attack Helicopter CWBR-45

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS FSE CWBR-07 Up to x1 Light Field Artillery Regiment (l) ATTACHMENTS
Forward Air Controller x3 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x3 Ferret Scout Car Up to x2 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Helicopter Up to x4 Scout AH Mk 1 Helicopter (m) CWBR-41 CWBR-18 CWBR-43 CWBR-44

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-18 Infantry Battlegroup (AMF(L)) (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover CWBR-25 CWBR-20

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-19 Armoured Regiment


Command x1 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm Main Battle Tank (a) CWBR-01

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-01 x3 or x4 Armoured Squadron (d) ME CWBR-02 Up to x1 Close Reconnaissance Troop (b) ME CWBR-20 Up to x1 Guided Weapons Troop (c) (a) From 1986: Upgrade all Chieftain tanks in the regiment to: Chieftain Mk 10 120mm Main Battle Tank CWBR-02 Or in one in three regiments from 1984: Replace all tanks with: Challenger 120mm Main Battle Tank (d) CWBR-03

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-08 x3 Infantry Company Type A ME CWBR-03 x1 Medium Reconnaissance Squadron

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENTS


FSE-CWBR-08 x1 Light Field Artillery Battery

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) x8 Milan ATGM (b) Transport x8 Land Rover (no MG) (b) CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-30 CWBR-20

(b) Regimental Close Recce Troops were disbanded during the 1976 reorganisation, with all recce elements being retained by the Recce Regiments. This was reversed during the reorganisations of 1982, with Close Recce Troops then being returned to the Armoured Regiments. (c) The Guided Weapons Troops of Armoured Regiments were massed in the Corps Anti-Tank Regiment (operated by the Royal Horse Artillery) from 1978 to 1982 (see BG CWBR-21). The Guided Weapons Troops then briefly returned to the Armoured Regiments before being disbanded in 1986. (d) All Armoured Regiments equipped with Chieftain had x4 Armoured Squadrons. However, with the upgrade to Challenger, some of the upgraded regiments were reduced to x3 Squadrons. Some sources state that all Challenger-equipped regiments were reduced to x3 Squadrons, but this is not true. Indeed, there are plenty of photos from the 1980s showing Challengers with D Squadron markings, which could not be the case if they had only x3 squadrons. There is also the fact that most of the Challenger regiments deployed to Saudi Arabia in 1991 had x4 squadrons.

(a) Prior to the 1982 reorganisations, a single infantry battalion battlegroup was allocated to the ACE Mobile Force (Land). The most likely wartime task for this force would have been to reinforce NATOs Northern Flank in Norway or Denmark, in concert with other NATO elements. 3 Commando Brigade was also dedicated to the reinforcement of Norway. The battlegroup was reinforced by elements drawn from other regiments, including recce and artillery. Sometime after the 1982 reorganisation, the AMF(L) role was filled by the reinforced 19th Brigade. (b) The Milan ATGMs may be fired from their Land Rovers.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-20 Reconnaissance Regiment (1980-82) (a)


Command/Recce x1 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-07

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-21 Yeomanry (TA) Reconnaissance Regiment


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 Ferret Scout Car (a) CWBR-25 CWBR-18

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-03 x3 Medium Reconnaissance Squadron ME CWBR-21 x1 Close Reconnaissance Squadron (a) This was the organisation used by BAOR Reconnaissance Regiments during the late 1970s and early 1980s, when all Close Recce functions of BAOR were to be carried out by the Recce Regiments. This was found to be unworkable and the regimental Close Recce Troops/Platoon were returned to Armoured Regiments and Mech Infantry Battalions in the 1982 reorganisation. Recce Regiments were then reorganised with the following orbat:

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-04 x4 Yeomanry Reconnaissance Squadron (a) May replace Ferret Scout Car with: CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle

CWBR-08

ALTERNATIVE: BATTLEGROUP CWBR-20 Reconnaissance Regiment (1982-89)


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle CWBR-25 CWBR-08

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-03 x3 or x4 Medium Reconnaissance Squadron (bc) ME CWBR-05 Up to x1 Anti-Tank Squadron (b) (b) Two Recce Regiments in the UK were allocated as reinforcements for BAOR, plus one to AMF(L) and another to support 5 Airborne & 3 Commando Brigades. These UK-based regiments had three organisational differences: First; They had only x3 Medium Reconnaissance Squadrons, whereas the Germany-based regiments had x4 Medium Recce Squadrons. Second; the Medium Recce Squadrons in the UK had mixed troops of Scimitar and Scorpion, whereas the two regiments permanently based in Germany had no Scorpions. Third; The UK regiments massed their Striker ATGM vehicles into an Anti-Tank Squadron, whereas the German regiments had their Strikers dispersed among the Medium Recce Squadrons. (c) Note that one squadron of the Household Cavalry based in London (either The Blues & Royals or The Life Guards, on rotation) was always equipped much the same as a Yeomanry Recce Squadron (ME CWBR-21), with CVR(W) Fox armoured cars. Their primary role in wartime was in protecting and evacuating members of the Royal Family and Government from London.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-22 Yeomanry (TA) Light Reconnaissance Regt


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-23 x3 Yeomanry Light Reconnaissance Squadron

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-23 Mechanised Infantry Battalion


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier (a) CWBR-25 CWBR-11

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-24 Infantry Battalion Type A (h)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (cgk) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-06 x3 Mechanised Infantry Company ME CWBR-07 x1 Close Reconnaissance Platoon (e)

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-08 x3 Infantry Company Type A (k) ME CWBR-07 x1 Close Reconnaissance Platoon (eik)

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar (b) Transport x4 FV-432M Mortar Carrier (b) x8 Milan ATGM (cd) Transport x4 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier (cd) CWBR-34 CWBR-12 CWBR-30 CWBR-11

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) (ck) x8 Milan ATGM (abf) Transport x8 Land Rover (no MG) (abdfk) CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-30 CWBR-20

(a) The Warrior MICV was produced during the 1980s as the replacement for FV-432. However, Warrior entered service very slowly while technical problems and tactical doctrine were ironed out. A Warrior-equipped demonstrator battalion was formed in 1984 and went on Exercise Lionheart 84 in Germany during that year, returning to West Germany again in 1986. However, it wasnt until 1988 that Warrior began replacing FV-432 in the Mechanised Infantry Battalions of BAOR, with only three battalions being converted in BAOR by the end of 1989, plus the single battalion in the UK. Battalions re-equipped with Warrior were re-designated as Armoured Infantry Battalions rather than Mechanised, though there were no significant organisational changes beyond the upgrade to Warrior. In BAOR the Warriors were issued initially to those brigades that already contained Armoured Regiments equipped with Challenger. Therefore, may replace the FV-432 of the Battalion HQ with: Warrior MICV CWBR-15 (b) The 81mm Mortars may be fired from their FV-432M Carriers. (c) Mid-1980s: Increase strength of Antitank Platoon to x12 Milan ATGM and x6 FV-432. (d) In 1989, but not in a Warrior-equipped battalion: May replace two Milan ATGM sections with self-propelled Milan ATGMs. Delete x2 Milan ATGM Teams and x1 FV-432 and replace with: x2 CVR(T) Spartan MCT (Milan Compact Turret) CWBR-51 (e) There was no Close Recce Platoon until after the 1982 reorganisations.

Up to x2 L2A1 .50 Cal Heavy Machine Gun (j) CWBR-35

(a) Milan ATGMs and Wombats may be fired from their Land Rovers. (b) Mid-1980s in BAOR but not in the Berlin Brigade: Increase strength of Antitank Platoon to x12 Milan ATGM and x12 Land Rovers. (c) From 1985 but not in the Berlin Brigade: Replace all transport, except for the Land Rovers of the Antitank Platoon, with: Saxon APC CWBR-14 (d) Late 1980s but not in the Berlin Brigade: May replace all the Land Rover transports for Milan ATGMs in some battalions with: x6 Saxon APC CWBR-14 (e) There was no Close Recce Platoon until after the 1982 reorganisations. (f) In the Berlin Brigade: Battalion Antitank Platoons adhered to an older organisation and consisted of: x3 Milan ATGM (a) CWBR-30 x3 BAT L6 Wombat 120mm Recoilless Rifle (a) CWBR-52 (g) In the Berlin Brigade, replace Battalion Commanders transport with: Ferret Scout Car CWBR-18 (h) In the Berlin Brigade, add the following general-purpose APCs. These may be attached to the Infantry Companies to provide armoured transport or for fire support: x1 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier CWBR-11 x2 FV-432/30 30mm Fire Support Vehicle CWBR-50 (i) The Berlin Brigade did not use CVR(T) vehicles. Consequently their Close Recce Platoons retained their CVR(W) Fox vehicles and never received CVR(T) Scimitar. (j) The two Guards battalions involved in the Falklands War were each issued a platoon of x2 L2A1 .50 Cals on AA mounts. These were withdrawn immediately following the war. (k) In the two Guards Battalions sent to the Falklands: Remove all transport. The Close Recce Platoon operates dismounted.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-25 Infantry Battalion Type B (Light Role)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) (i) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-26 Airmobile Infantry Battalion


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-09 x3 Infantry Company Type B (Light Role) (hi)

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-10 x3 Airmobile Infantry Company

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) (i) x3 BAT L6 Wombat 120mm RR (adef) Transport x3 Land Rover (no MG) (aei) CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-52 CWBR-20

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) x12 Milan ATGM (a) Transport x12 Land Rover (no MG) (a) x2 L2A1 .50 Cal Heavy Machine Gun Transport x2 Land Rover (no MG) Recce x3 Infantry (L85/86) (1 MAW) Transport x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-30 CWBR-20 CWBR-35 CWBR-20 CWBR-27 CWBR-20

Up to x2 L2A1 .50 Cal Heavy Machine Gun (b) CWBR-35 Transport Up to x2 Land Rover (no MG) (bi) Recce x3 Infantry (1 MAW) (g) Transport/Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) (i) Up to x3 Combat Engineers (c) Transport Up to x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (i) CWBR-22 CWBR-26 CWBR-22 CWBR-36 CWBR-20

(a) The Milan ATGMs may be fired from their Land Rovers.

(a) Milan ATGMs and Wombats may be fired from their transport. (b) Some Type B infantry battalions seem to have been issued with .50 Cals during the late 80s. (c) The Assault Pioneer Platoon was removed from Infantry Battalions of all types during the reorganisations of the 1970s. However, during the mid-1980s the Assault Pioneer Platoon was re-established in Type B Infantry Battalions, as it was thought that these battalions might have minimal access to Divisional/Corps Engineer assets. (d) Regular Army battalions dedicated to BAOR and other NATO roles had replaced their Wombats with Milan ATGMs before the end of the 1970s. However, TA battalions designated to reinforce BAOR were not equipped with Milan until 1984. The regular Army and TA battalions assigned to Defence of the UK and in far-flung garrisons probably received theirs later still. May therefore replace Wombat 120mm Recoilless Rifles in these battalions with: Milan ATGM Team (a) CWBR-30 (e) Mid-1980s: Increase strength of Antitank Platoon in regular Army battalions assigned to BAOR to x6 Milan ATGM and x6 Land Rover. (f) In battalions stationed in Hong Kong and Brunei, add the a Milan AT Platoon alongside the Wombat-equipped AT platoon: x3 Milan ATGM Team (a) CWBR-30 x3 Land Rover (no MG) (a) CWBR-22 (g) In regular Army battalions from 1986: May replace Infantry with: Infantry (L85/L86) (1 MAW) CWBR-27 (h) In Gurkha Battalions: add x1 Infantry Company Type B. (i) In 1/7th Gurkhas in the Falklands: Remove all transport.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-27 Parachute Infantry Battalion


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) (e) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-28 Royal Marine Commando


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Bv-202 All-Terrain Carrier (with MG) (de) CWBR-25 CWBR-48

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-11 x3 Parachute Infantry Company ME CWBR-32 x1 Parachute Infantry (Patrols) Company

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-12 x3 Commando Infantry Company (a) ME CWNL-11 Up to x1 Netherlands Marine Infantry Company (a)

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) (e) Up to x3 BAT L6 Wombat 120mm RR (af) Transport Up to x3 Land Rover (no MG) (af) x3 Milan ATGM (ad) Transport x3 Land Rover (no MG) (ae) Up to x3 L2A1 .50 Cal HMG (b) Transport Up to x2 Land Rover (no MG) (be) Recce x3 Para Infantry (1 MAW) (c) Transport/Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) (e) x3 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-52 CWBR-20 CWBR-30 CWBR-20 CWBR-35 CWBR-20 CWBR-37 CWBR-20 CWBR-29

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x2 Bv-202 All-Terrain Carrier (with MG) (de) x3 to x8 Milan ATGM (c) Transport x1 to x3 Bv-202 Carrier (with MG) (de) x3 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) Transport x1 Bv-202 All-Terrain Carrier (with MG) (de) Recce x3 Commando Infantry (1 MAW) (b) Recce x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) (c) x3 Combat Engineers CWBR-34 CWBR-48 CWBR-30 CWBR-48 CWBR-29 CWBR-48 CWBR-39 CWBR-28 CWBR-36

(a) The Milan ATGMs and Wombats may be fired from their transport. (b) The Para Battalions in the Falklands were each issued with x3 L2A1 .50 Cal HMGs on AA mounts. These were then withdrawn following that war, but a platoon of x2 L2A1 .50 Cal HMGs (with transport) was added during the mid to late 1980s. (c) From 1986: May upgrade Para Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: Para Infantry CWBR-38 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) Late 1980s: In TA Para Battalions operating under BAOR command, increase Antitank Platoon to x10 Milan ATGMs. Note that there is also a conversion of Infantry sections to Milan Teams in the Para Companies at this time, for a total of x22 Milan in the battalion. However, note that there is no increase in motor transport. (e) In the Falklands: Remove all transport. (f) The Wombats were certainly on the orbat, alongside the Milans, until 1982 and there is some evidence to suggest that the Wombats were embarked for the Falklands but not used (perhaps this platoon provided the personnel to man the .50 Cal HMGs in the Falklands?). They seem to have disappeared from the orbat after 1982.

(a) In an ACE Mobile Force mission, at least one Dutch Commando Group (BG CWNL-13) was a permanent fixture of 3 Commando Brigade. They worked extremely closely and well with British Commandos. Tactically, one Dutch Marine Company was usually allocated to each RM Commando. In theory, there should also have been a company of Royal Marine Reserves in each RM Commando, but in practice these men were distributed among the regular Sections, Troops and Companies. Our resident ex-RM Commando rates both the Dutch Commandos and Royal Marine Reserves very highly. From the late 1980s a new doctrine was adopted for fighting the Soviets in Norway instead of being rapid-deployment assault infantry, the Commandos would revert to their roots and would fight as individual Troop (i.e. Platoon) stay-behind teams, raiding and causing havoc behind enemy lines once the main Soviet force had passed by. There was only one Main Supply Route (MSR) down the spine of Norway and the Commandos mission was to disrupt that MSR as much as possible. (b) From 1986: Upgrade Commando Infantry (SLR/LMG) to: Commando Infantry (L85/86) (1 MAW CWBR-40 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (c) In the Falklands, the Commandos firepower was beefed up by the addition of as many GPMGs and Milans as they could carry. it is highly likely that this pattern would have been repeated in the event of a war with the Warsaw Pact. The call-up of Royal Marine Reserves provided the extra manpower required. (d) Late 1980s: May replace Bv-202 with: Bv-206 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier

CWBR-72

(e) In the Falklands: No more than x3 Bv-202 for the whole BG.

BATTLEGROUP CWBR-29 Infantry Battalion (Home Defence) (ad)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-01 Armoured Squadron


Command x1 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm MBT (b) x5 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm MBT (abc) CWBR-01 CWBR-01

MANOEUVRE ELEMENTS
ME CWBR-24 x3 or x4 Infantry Company (Home Defence) (ab)

(a) From 1982: Organisational changes meant that each Squadron was reduced from five Troops to four Troops. Therefore, reduce to x4 MBTs plus x1 command tank in all units except the Berlin Brigade Armoured Squadron. (b) From 1986 (1988 in Berlin): Upgrade all Chieftain MBTs to: Chieftain Mk 10 120mm Main Battle Tank CWBR-02 Or in one in three regiments from 1984: Replace all tanks with: Challenger 120mm Main Battle Tank CWBR-03 (c) The Berlin Brigade Armoured Squadron had a unique and very strong organisation, reflecting its independent role. Therefore, in the Berlin Brigade, increase to x8 Chieftain MBTs plus x1 Command Chieftain. This squadron did not upgrade to Challenger.

ATTACHMENTS
Organic Fire Support x4 L16A1 81mm Mortar Transport x4 Land Rover (no MG) Recce x3 Infantry (1 MAW) Transport/Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) x3 Combat Engineers (c) Transport x1 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck CWBR-34 CWBR-20 CWBR-26 CWBR-22 CWBR-36 CWBR-20

(a) Home Defence battalions were mainly formed from the TA, though in wartime they would be approximately one-third manned by regular reservists called up to war. The sole exception to this rule was the Ulster Defence Regiment, which was raised for home defence in Northern Ireland and had some full-time regular battalions in addition to volunteer reservists. (b) Most Home Defence battalions had at least one additional company (some had as many as three more companies) which were designated Home Service Force (HSF). The HSF companies were to defend rear areas, provide security and assist with civil defence. HSF companies were armed only with smallarms and no heavy weapons. HSF fall outside the scope of these TO&Es. (c) As Home Defence battalions were likely to be operating far from the support of the Royal Engineers, they retained an integral Assault Pioneer Platoon. (d) Home Defence battalions do not appear to have possessed Anti-Tank Platoons. However, large quantities of L6 Wombat 120mm Recoilless Rifles and ammunition remained in war reserve storage following the regular Armys recent upgrade to Milan ATGMs, so its not inconceivable that some battalions may have received Wombat in the run-up to war.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-02 Close Reconnaissance Troop


Command/Recce x1 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle (a) CWBR-07 Recce x3 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle (a) CWBR-07 (a) Late 1980s: May replace x2 or all CVR(T) Scorpion with: CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-06

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-03 Medium Reconnaissance Squadron


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle CWBR-25 CWBR-08

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-05 Anti-Tank Squadron


Command/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle Recce x8 CVR(T) Striker ATGM Vehicle CWBR-08 CWBR-09

Recce x8 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle (a) CWBR-07 Recce x2 Infantry (1 MAW) (bc) Transport/Recce x2 CVR(T) Spartan APC (e) Recce Up to x2 CVR(T) Striker ATGM Vehicle (d) CWBR-26 CWBR-10 CWBR-09

(a) In the 1982 reorganisation: Replace CVR(T) Scorpion vehicles with: x6 CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-06 However, the two BAOR reinforcement Reconnaissance Regiments based in the UK retained a different organisation from 1982 onwards, with mixed Scorpion and Scimitar: x3 CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-06 x3 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-07 (b) The infantry of the Support Troop may conduct engineering tasks. (c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x2 Infantry (1 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) CVR(T) Striker ATGM Vehicles were added to Recce Regiments in 1984, when the independent RHA Anti-Tank Batteries were disbanded. However, note that UK-based Recce Regiments massed all their Strikers into a single Anti-Tank Squadron (ME CWBR-05). (e) Late 1980s: x1 Spartan might be fitted with Ground Surveillance Radar.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-06 Mechanised Infantry Company


HQ Command x1 Commander x9 Infantry (3 MAW) (c) x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (a) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar CWBR-25 CWBR-26 CWBR-29 CWBR-33

Transport x5 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier (bd) CWBR-11 (a) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28 (b) In Armoured Infantry Battalions, replace all FV-432 APCs with: Warrior MICV CWBR-15 (c) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x9 Infantry (3 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (d) Modelling note: x2 to x3 of the FV-432s in the company were usually fitted with a small MG turret (QRF produce this model in 15mm). This makes no difference in game terms, but is useful to know if youre modelling a unit.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-04 Yeomanry (TA) Reconnaissance Squadron


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 Ferret Scout Car (a) Recce x10 CVR(W) Fox 30mm Armoured Car (c) Recce x2 Infantry (1 MAW) (bc) Transport/Recce x2 CVR(T) Spartan APC (c) (a) Early 1980s: replace Ferret Scout Car with: x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle CWBR-25 CWBR-18 CWBR-17 CWBR-26 CWBR-10

CWBR-08

(b) The infantry of the Support Troop may conduct engineering tasks. (c) The single Yeomanry Recce Regiment allocated to home defence used obsolete equipment until 1984. May therefore replace all CVR(W) Fox in that regiment with: x5 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-18 x5 Saladin 76mm Armoured Car CWBR-63 Increase to x4 Infantry (1 MAW) and replace Spartan APCs with: x2 Saracen Armoured Personnel Carrier CWBR-16 Note that a garrison squadron in Cyprus also used this organisation, though in 1987 it replaced its Saladins with additional Ferrets.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-09 Infantry Company Type B (Light Role)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) (c) x9 Infantry (3 MAW) (b) x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (a) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport x3 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (c) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-26 CWBR-29 CWBR-33 CWBR-22

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-07 Close Reconnaissance Platoon


Command/Recce x1 CVR(W) Fox 30mm Armoured Car (a) Recce x3 CVR(W) Fox 30mm Armoured Car (a) CWBR-17 CWBR-17

(a) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28 (b) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry in regular Army battalions with L85/L86 small-arms. The TA did not receive these until the 1990s: x9 Infantry (3 MAW) CWBR-27 (c) In Gurkha companies sent to the Falklands and some other overseas deployments: Remove all transport.

(a) In all Mechanised and Armoured Infantry Battalions (BG CWBR12): Replace Fox armoured cars with: CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Recce Vehicle CWBR-06

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-08 Infantry Company Type A


HQ Command x1 Commander x9 Infantry (3 MAW) (a) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport x4 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck (bc) CWBR-25 CWBR-26 CWBR-33 CWBR-22

(a) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x9 Infantry (3 MAW) CWBR-27 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (b) From 1985 but not in the Berlin Brigade: Replace transport with: Saxon APC CWBR-14 (c) In Guards companies sent to the Falklands and some other overseas deployments: Remove all transport.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-10 Airmobile Infantry Company (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander x9 Infantry (L85/86) (3 MAW) (ab) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar CWBR-25 CWBR-27 CWBR-33

(a) The intended concept for the Airmobile Brigade was one of a rapidly-deployable antitank barrier. However, this concept does not seem to have been realised until the early 1990s. Nevertheless, if you wish to try this concept, exchange x3 Infantry for: Milan ATGM Team CWBR-30 (b) From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card).

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-11 Parachute Infantry Company


HQ Command x1 Commander x9 Para Infantry (3 MAW) (ab) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar CWBR-25 CWBR-37 CWBR-33

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-13 Light Air Defence Battery (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) (b) x18 Blowpipe SAM Team (ce) Transport x18 Land Rover (with MG) (de) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-31 CWBR-20

(a) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x9 Para Infantry (3 MAW) CWBR-38 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card). (b) Late 1980s: In TA Para Battalions operating under BAOR command, replace x3 Infantry with: Milan ATGM Team CWBR-30

(a) May deploy as individual unit attachments to other units in the brigade, or alternatively as x3 Troop MEs, each of x6 SAMs. Designate one SAM unit as the Troop Commander. (b) In Armoured Divisions, replace Commanders transport with: CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle CWBR-08 (c) From 1985: Upgrade Blowpipe SAMs to: Javelin SAM (d) In Armoured Divisions, replace transport with: x18 CVR(T) Spartan APC

CWBR-32

CWBR-10

(e) SAMs may be fired while mounted in their carrier vehicles.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-12 Commando Infantry Company


HQ Command x1 Commander x9 Commando Infantry (3 MAW) (a) x3 General Purpose Machine Gun (LMG) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar CWBR-25 CWBR-39 CWBR-28 CWBR-33

(a) From 1986: May upgrade Commando Infantry (SLR/LMG) to: x9 Commando Infantry (L85/86) (3 MAW) CWBR-40 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card).

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-14 Air Defence Battery (Rapier) (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x6 Rapier SAM Transport x6 1-Ton Land Rover Light Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-24 CWBR-21

(a) May deploy as individual unit attachments to other units in the brigade, or alternatively as x3 Troop MEs, each of x2 SAMs. Designate one SAM unit as the Troop Commander.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-17 Airmobile Engineer Field Squadron


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x8 Combat Engineers Transport x2 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck Recce x2 Land Rover (with MG) x4 Combat Engineers (a) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-36 CWBR-22 CWBR-20 CWBR-36 CWBR-14 CWBR-18 CWBR-19

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-15 Air Defence Battery (Tracked Rapier) (a)


Command x1 FV-432 APC x6 Tracked Rapier SAM Vehicle CWBR-11 CWBR-23

Transport x2 Saxon Armoured Personnel Carrier (a) Recce x1 Ferret Scout Car (a) x2 FV-180 Combat Engineer Tractor

(a) May deploy as individual unit attachments to other units in the brigade, or alternatively as x3 Troop MEs, each of x2 SAMs. Designate one SAM unit as the Troop Commander.

(a) One troop in the squadron is mounted in Saxon APCs and is not airmobile.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-16 Engineer Field Squadron


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle (a) x12 Combat Engineers Transport x8 CVR(T) Spartan APC (a) x2 FV-180 Combat Engineer Tractor (b) Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car CWBR-25 CWBR-08 CWBR-36 CWBR-10 CWBR-19 CWBR-18

(a) Replace transport in the Berlin Brigade Engineer Squadron with: x1 Ferret Scout Car x3 Bedford MJ Medium Truck CWBR-22 (b) I can find no specific mention of the Berlin Brigade Field Squadron ever receiving FV-180 CETs.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-18 Airborne Engineer Field Squadron


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x9 Combat Engineers Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-36 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-19 Commando Engineer Field Squadron


HQ Command x1 Commander CWBR-25

Transport x1 Bv-202 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (no MG)CWBR-48 x3 Combat Engineers Transport x3 Bv-202 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (MG) x6 Combat Engineers CWBR-36 CWBR-48 CWBR-36

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-20 Guided Weapons Troop


Command x1 Ferret Scout Car x3 FV-438 Swingfire ATGM Vehicle CWBR-18 CWBR-13

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-22 Anti-Tank Guided Weapons Battery (a)


Command x1 Ferret Scout Car x15 FV-438 Swingfire ATGM Vehicle x3 CVR(T) Striker Swingfire ATGM Vehicle CWBR-18 CWBR-13 CWBR-09

(a) The battery may alternatively be deployed as troop-sized MEs, each of x3 FV-438 or x3 CVR(T) Striker. Designate one vehicle in each troop as the troop commander.

MANOEUVRE ELEMEN CWBR-23 Yeomanry Light Reconnaissance Squadron


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Recce x8 Infantry (up to 4 MAW) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport/Recce x10 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-26 CWBR-33 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-21 Close Reconnaissance Squadron


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle Recce x20 CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Recce Vehicle Recce x2 Infantry (1 MAW) Transport/Recce x2 CVR(T) Spartan APC CWBR-25 CWBR-08 CWBR-06 CWBR-26 CWBR-10

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-24 Infantry Company (Home Defence)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x9 Infantry (up to 3 MAW) x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (a) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport x3 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-26 CWBR-29 CWBR-33 CWBR-22

(a) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-25 TA Engineer Field Squadron


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) x9 Combat Engineers Transport x3 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-20 CWBR-36 CWBR-22

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-26 RAF Regiment Air Defence Squadron (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x4 Rapier SAM Transport x4 1-Ton Land Rover Light Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-24 CWBR-21

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-28 RAF Regiment Light Armour/Para Squadron (a)


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle Recce x3 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle Recce x6 Infantry (3 MAW) Transport/Recce x3 CVR(T) Spartan APC Recce x3 Infantry (no MAW) Transport/Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) Recce x2 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (b) Transport/Recce x2 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-08 CWBR-07 CWBR-26 CWBR-10 CWBR-26 CWBR-20 CWBR-29 CWBR-20

(a) The RAF Regiment had x9 Air Defence Squadrons; x4 or which were based in West Germany. One of the UK-based Squadrons would provide a Flight (half-Squadron) to the Cyprus garrison on rotation. After the 1982 Falklands War, one of the UK-based Squadrons was on constant rotation to the Falkland Islands. Other detachments also deployed to Belize at various times of tension with Guatemala.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-27 RAF Regiment Light Armour Squadron (a)


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Transport/Recce x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle Recce x3 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Recce Vehicle Recce x9 Infantry (3 MAW) Recce x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (b) Self-Observed Fire Support/Recce x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport/Recce x7 CVR(T) Spartan APC CWBR-25 CWBR-08 CWBR-07 CWBR-26 CWBR-29 CWBR-33 CWBR-10

(a) No.1 Squadron RAF Regiment had a specialist coup de main Airfield Assault role. The concept was that mixed teams of CVR(T) and Land Rovers would be landed by C-130 Hercules directly onto an objective airfield, using their mobility to rapidly secure key locations on the objective airfield. All members of the squadron were also para-qualified, so the squadron could also function as traditional paratroops. (b) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28

(a) There were x5 RAF Regiment Light Armour Squadrons: x3 in Germany, x1 in Cyprus and x1 in the UK. Their role was to provide defence in depth for air-bases by patrolling out into the surrounding countryside, as well as to act as a rapid-reaction force against enemy airborne landings and special forces attacks. (b) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-29 RAF Regiment Field Squadron (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x9 Infantry (3 MAW) x1 General Purpose Machine Gun (SF) (b) Self-Observed Fire Support x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar Transport x3 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Truck Recce x3 Infantry (1 MAW) Transport/Recce x3 Land Rover (with MG) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-26 CWBR-29 CWBR-33 CWBR-22 CWBR-26 CWBR-20

(a) The RAF Regiment had x1 regular Field Squadron based in Northern Ireland and x7 Royal Auxiliary Air Force (i.e. volunteer reserve equivalent of the TA) Field Squadrons. In wartime, the RAuxAF Field Squadrons would be deployed to West Germany and key sites in the UK (such as RAF Stations, HQs, radar sites, SAM sites, Harrier hides and helicopter landing sites), to defend them chiefly against enemy airborne, fifth columnist and special forces attack. Following the 1982 Falklands War, one of the RAuxAF Field Squadrons was converted to Light AA (see ME CWBR-30). (b) May convert GPMGs from Sustained Fire to Light mode: General Purpose Machine Gun (Light) CWBR-28

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-31 Armoured Engineer Squadron (c)


Command x1 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle x2 FV-180 Combat Engineer Tractor CWBR-08 CWBR-19

x3 Centurion AVRE 165mm Assault Tank (ab) CWBR-04 x3 Chieftain AVLB (b) Recce x3 Ferret Scout Car (b) CWBR-05 CWBR-18

(a) From 1985: Redundant Centurion Mk V 105mm tanks, which had been in reserve storage since the mid-1970s when they were retired as Royal Artillery OP tanks, were converted into AVREs,. They retained the original 105mm gun, but were equipped exclusively with HESH ammunition. Note that these AVRE 105s were normally fitted with mine-ploughs, whereas AVRE 165s normally had dozer-blades fitted. Therefore, replace x1 Centurion AVRE 165 in each squadron with: Centurion AVRE 105mm Engineering Assault Tank CWBR-57 (b) Mid-1980s: A fourth troop was added to the Armoured Engineering Squadron organisation. Add x1 Centurion AVRE 165, x1 Chieftain AVLB & x1 Ferret Scout Car. (c) The squadron may be split up into Troops, which may act as independent MEs, or as direct attachments to other units. The two FV-180 CETs form a CET Troop designate one CET as the Troop Commander. The remaining vehicles form mixed troops of x1 AVRE, x1 AVLB and x1 Ferret. Designate the AVREs as Troop Commanders.

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-30 RAF Regiment Light Anti-Aircraft Squadron (a)


HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) x6 Oerlikon GDF Twin 35mm AA Gun Transport x6 1-Ton Land Rover Light Truck CWBR-25 CWBR-20

MANOEUVRE ELEMENT CWBR-32 Parachute Infantry (Patrols) Company


HQ Command/Recce x1 Commander Recce x9 Para Infantry (3 MAW) (a) Self-Observed Fire Support/Recce x1 L9A1 51mm Mortar CWBR-25 CWBR-37 CWBR-33

CWBR-65 CWBR-21

(a) Following the Falklands War of 1982, a single RAF Regiment Field Squadron of the RAuxAF (i.e. volunteer reserves) was converted to a Light Anti-Aircraft Squadron, using captured Argentine Oerlikon guns.

(a) From 1986: May upgrade Infantry with L85/L86 small-arms: x9 Para Infantry (3 MAW) CWBR-38 From 1987: May replace all M72 66mm LAW and Carl-Gustav 84mm MAW with the 94mm LAW-80 (see card).

Overseas Garrisons
There were a number of garrisons worldwide that I will briefly outline here: Hong Kong 48 (Gurkha) Infantry Brigade x2 Infantry Battalion (Type B) (Gurkha) BG CWBR-25 x1 or x2 Infantry Battalion (Type B) (British) BG CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion (Home Defence) (Hong Kong Regt) BG CWBR-29
x1 Commando Company ME CWBR-12 x2 Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-25 x1 Light Field Artillery Battery ME CWBR-08 x5 Wessex HC Mk 2 Transport Helicopter (CWBR-53) x5 Scout AH Mk 1 Light Attack/Observation Helicopter (CWBR-42)

Brunei x2 Infantry Battalions (Type B) (Gurkha) BG CWBR-25


x1 Wessex HC Mk 2 Transport Helicopter (CWBR-53)

Cyprus x2 Infantry Battalion (Type B) BG CWBR-25


x1 Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-25 x1 Reconnaissance Squadron Organised as Yeomanry Recce Squadron (ME CWBR-04) with obsolete equipment (Ferret, Saladin & Saracen) x1 RAF Regiment Air Defence Squadron ME CWBR- 26 x1 RAF Regiment Light Armour Squadron ME CWBR-27 x1 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Light Observation Helicopter (CWBR-43) x2 Wessex HC Mk 2 Transport Helicopter (CWBR-53) x2 Harrier GR Mk 3 Close Support Aircraft (CWBR-47)

Gibraltar x1 Infantry Battalion (Type B) BG CWBR-25 x1 Infantry Battalion (Home Defence) (Gibraltar Regt) BG CWBR-29 Bermuda x1 Infantry Battalion (Home Defence) (Bermuda Regt) BG CWBR-29 Belize x1 Infantry Battalion (Type B) BG CWBR-25
x1 Engineer Field Squadron ME CWBR-25 x1 Medium Reconnaissance Troop ME CWBR- (x1 Scorpion, x1 Scimitar, x1 Infantry & x1 Spartan) x1 Light Field Artillery Battery FSE CWBR-08 x1 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Light Observation Helicopter (CWBR-43) x2 Harrier GR Mk 3 Close Support Aircraft (CWBR-47)

Falkland Islands (Pre-1982 War)


x1 Infantry Company (Home Defence) (FIDF) ME CWBR-24 x1 Commando Platoon Part of ME CWBR-12

Falkland Islands (Post-1982 War) x1 Infantry Battalion (Type B) BG CWBR-25


x1 Engineer Field Squadron - ME CWBR-25 x1 RAF Regiment Air Defence Squadron ME CWBR-26 x1 Infantry Company (Home Defence) (FIDF) ME CWBR-24 x1 Chinook HC Mk 1 Heavy Transport Helicopter (CWBR-54) x3 Phantom FGA Mk 2 Fighter-Bomber (CWBR-60)

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-01 Self-Propelled Field Artillery Regiment FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-02 x4 Self-Propelled Field Artillery Battery
On-Table Attachment x1 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x1 Ferret Scout Car (a) CWBR-41 CWBR-18

Fire Support x3 M109 Self-Propelled 155mm Howitzer (a) May replace Ferret Scout Car with: CVR(T) Spartan Armoured Personnel Carrier

CWBR-10

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-05 Field Artillery Regiment FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-06 x3 Field Artillery Battery
On-Table Attachment x1 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x1 Land Rover (no MG) (a) Fire Support x3 FH-70 155mm Howitzer (b) (a) May replace Land Rover with: Ferret Scout Car CVR(T) Spartan Armoured Personnel Carrier CWBR-41 CWBR-20

CWBR-18 CWBR-10

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-03 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery Regiment FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-04 x4 Self-Propelled Light Field Artillery Bty
On-Table Attachment x1 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x1 Ferret Scout Car (a) Fire Support x3 Abbot Self-Propelled 105mm (b) (a) May replace Ferret Scout Car with: CVR(T) Spartan Armoured Personnel Carrier CWBR-41 CWBR-18 CWBR-61

(b) Early to Mid-1980s: Some regiments had an increased strength of x4 FH-70.

CWBR-10

(b) Early to Mid-1980s: The M109 upgrade programme resulted in large numbers of Abbots going spare. As a result, some regiments increased the battery strength to x4 Abbots for a time.

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-07 Light Artillery Regiment FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-08 x3 or x4 Light Artillery Battery (a)
HQ Command x1 Commander Transport x1 Land Rover (no MG) (ac) On-Table Attachment x1 Forward Observer Transport/Recon x1 Land Rover (no MG) (ac) Fire Support x3 L118 105mm Light Gun Transport/Recon x3 1-Ton Land Rover Light Truck (c) CWBR-25 CWBR-20 CWBR-41 CWBR-20 CWBR-49 CWBR-21

(a) The Commando Light Regiment had a fourth (reservist) battery. The other Light Regiments (including the Airborne Light Regiment) each had three batteries. (b) May replace Land Rover in some instances with: Ferret Scout Car CVR(T) Spartan Armoured Personnel Carrier Bv-202 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-11 Heavy Artillery Regiment (203mm)


(1 such regiment in BAOR)

CWBR-18 CWBR-10 CWBR-49

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-12 x3 Heavy Artillery Battery


General Fire Support x2 M110 Self-Propelled 203mm Howitzer

(c) In the Falklands virtually all transport was deleted. Guns and ammunition were moved by helicopter, while FOs had to move on foot or by scout helicopter.

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-09 Heavy Artillery Regiment (175mm)


(2 such regiments in BAOR)

FIRE SUPPORT ELEMENT CWBR-10 x3 Heavy Artillery Battery


General Fire Support x2 M107 Self-Propelled 175mm Howitzer

British Special Forces


The British Special Forces were initially separate units, reporting to their own service chain of command: The Special Air Service (SAS) was part of the Army, while the Special Boat Squadron (SBS) belonged to the Royal Marines; itself part of the Royal Navy. Created in 1987, the Directorate of UK Special Forces comprised the three regiments of the Special Air Service (SAS) 21 SAS, 22 SAS & 23 SAS, plus the Royal Marines Special Boat Service (SBS), all of whom reported to Director of Special Forces. 21 SAS and 23 SAS were part of the Territorial Army (volunteer reserves), but were selected and trained to the same standards as the regular 22 SAS and SBS and were no less special (as subsequent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan later proved). 22 SAS had x4 Squadrons (company-equivalent), while 21 SAS & 23 SAS each had x5 Squadrons. There is little point in drawing up a Squadron orbat, as SAS/SBS patrols would vary enormously in terms of size, composition, equipment and mobility from one mission to the next. SAS Squadrons each had four Troops, each equating to x2 Special Forces Infantry units (CWBR-69). 22 SAS deployed two full squadrons (D & G) to the Falklands War in 1982, each equating at full strength to x1 Commander and x8 Special Forces Infantry. The SBS was initially organised as a single large Squadron of six Sections, each consisting of x2 to x3 Special Forces Infantry units (CWBR69). The SBS deployed three Sections (1,2 & 6) to the Falklands in 1982, for a total of x1 Commander and x9 Special Forces Infantry. In 1987 the SBS was renamed as Special Boat Service and was expanded and reorganised as x4 Squadrons; each organised in the same manner as SAS Squadrons (though one squadron specialised in boats and other marine craft). Note that Special Forces infantry units (CWBR-69) may each be broken down into x2 Special Forces Patrol units (CWBR-70).

Royal Air Force and Royal Navy Air Support


RAF Tactical Air Support/Aviation Assets in RAF Germany
x8 Squadrons, each with x6 Tornado GR Mk 1 (CWBR-58) These replaced Buccaneer and Jaguar aircraft 1983-85. x1 Squadron with x6 Jaguar GR Mk 1 (CWBR-56) These were in the tactical recce role, with ground-attack as a secondary role. x2 Squadrons, each with x6 Phantom FGA Mk 2 (CWBR-60) These were air defence fighters with ground-attack as a secondary role. x2 Squadrons, each with x8 Harrier GR Mk 3 These would be dispersed into field hides in wartime. x1 Squadron with x9 Chinook HC Mk 1 (CWBR-54) These had replaced Wessex HC Mk 2 in the early 1980s. x1 Squadron with x8 Puma HC Mk 1 (CWBR-46)

RAF Air Support/Aviation Assets in the UK


(Note that I have not included aircraft such as interceptors, patrol aircraft, training aircraft and transport aircraft that are unlikely to feature in a BF game) x3 Squadrons, each with x8 Buccaneer S Mk 2 (CWBR-59) These were in the maritime strike role, with ground-attack as a secondary role. x4 Squadrons, each with x8 Jaguar GR Mk 1 (CWBR-56) One of these squadrons was in the tactical recce role. x3 Squadrons, each with x6 Tornado GR Mk 1 (CWBR-58) These squadrons were formed during the mid-1980s. x3 Squadrons, each with x6 Phantom FGA Mk 2 (CWBR-60) These were air defence fighters with ground-attack as a secondary role. x1 Squadron with x8 Harrier GR Mk 5 (CWBR-66) These replaced Harrier GR Mk 3 aircraft 1987-89. x1 Squadron with x8 Harrier GR Mk 3 (minus the detachments to Cyprus and Belize) x1 Squadron with x9 Chinook HC Mk 1 (CWBR-54) x1 Squadron with x8 Puma HC Mk 1 (CWBR-46) x2 Squadrons, each with x6 Wessex HC Mk 2 (CWBR-53) x8 Squadrons, each with x8 Hawk T Mk 1 (CWBR-67) These aircraft were fast-jet trainers, with point air defence and CAS as wartime roles. x1 Squadron with x5 Hawk T Mk 1 (CWBR-67) The Red Arrows

Royal Navy Air Support/Aviation Assets


x3 Squadrons, each with x6 Sea Harrier FRS Mk 1 (CWBR-62) x3 Squadrons, each with x8 Sea King Commando HC Mk 4 (CWBR-55) These had replaced x4 Squadrons, each with x8 to x12 Wessex HU Mk 5 (CWBR-68) during the early 1980s.

British Card List & Model Availability


(Annotations QRF = QRF Models/LKM Direct, SOG = Skytrex/Old Glory, OG = Old Glory, PP = Peter Pig, MJ = MJ Figures) CWBR-01 Chieftain Mk 5 120mm Main Battle Tank QRF CWBR-02 Chieftain Mk 10 120mm Main Battle Tank QRF CWBR-03 Challenger 120mm Main Battle Tank QRF, SOG CWBR-04 Centurion AVRE 165mm Engineering Assault Tank QRF CWBR-05 Chieftain AVLB QRF CWBR-06 CVR(T) Scimitar 30mm Reconnaissance Vehicle QRF, MJ CWBR-07 CVR(T) Scorpion 76mm Reconnaissance Vehicle QRF, MJ CWBR-08 CVR(T) Sultan Command Vehicle QRF CWBR-09 CVR(T) Striker Swingfire ATGM Vehicle QRF CWBR-10 CVR(T) Spartan Armoured Personnel Carrier QRF CWBR-11 FV-432 Armoured Personnel Carrier QRF, SOG CWBR-12 FV-432M 81mm Mortar Carrier QRF, SOG (identical to standard FV-432) CWBR-13 FV-438 Swingfire ATGM Vehicle QRF CWBR-14 Saxon Armoured Personnel Carrier QRF, SOG CWBR-15 Warrior 30mm Infantry Combat Vehicle QRF, SOG CWBR-16 Saracen Armoured Personnel Carrier QRF CWBR-17 CVR(W) Fox 30mm Armoured Car QRF CWBR-18 Ferret Scout Car QRF CWBR-19 FV-180 Combat Engineer Tractor QRF CWBR-20 Land Rover Light Utility (MG Option) QRF, PP CWBR-21 1-Ton Land Rover Light Truck QRF CWBR-22 Bedford MJ 4-Ton Medium Truck (QRF make the slightly more modern MK) CWBR-23 Tracked Rapier SAM Vehicle QRF CWBR-24 Rapier SAM QRF, MJ CWBR-25 Commander QRF, MJ CWBR-26 Infantry SLR/LMG (84mm MAW & 66mm LAW) QRF, MJ CWBR-27 Infantry L85/L86 (84mm MAW & 66mm LAW or 94mm LAW-80) QRF, OG CWBR-28 General Purpose Machine Gun (LMG Option) QRF, MJ CWBR-29 General Purpose Machine Gun (SFMG Option) QRF CWBR-30 Milan ATGM Team QRF CWBR-31 Blowpipe SAM Team QRF CWBR-32 Javelin SAM Team QRF CWBR-33 L9A1 51mm Mortar QRF CWBR-34 L16A1 81mm Mortar QRF CWBR-35 L2A1 .50 Calibre Heavy Machine Gun QRF CWBR-36 Combat Engineers SLR/LMG (M72 66mm LAW) QRF CWBR-37 Para Infantry SLR/LMG (84mm Carl-Gustav MAW & M72 66mm LAW) QRF, MJ CWBR-38 Para Infantry L85/L86 (84mm Carl-Gustav MAW & M72 66mm LAW or 94mm LAW-80) QRF, OG CWBR-39 Commando Infantry SLR/LMG (84mm Carl-Gustav MAW & M72 66mm LAW) QRF, MJ CWBR-40 Commando Infantry L85/L86 (84mm CG MAW & M72 66mm LAW or 94mm LAW-80) QRF, OG CWBR-41 Forward Observer QRF CWBR-42 Scout AH Mk 1 Attack Helicopter (MG or SS-11 ATGM) CWBR-43 Gazelle AH Mk 1 Observation Helicopter (MG) QRF, Heller CWBR-44 Lynx AH Mk 1 Utility Helicopter (MG) QRF CWBR-45 Lynx AH Mk 1 Attack Helicopter (TOW ATGM) QRF CWBR-46 Puma HU Mk 1 Utility Helicopter (MG) QRF, Heller, Revell CWBR-47 Harrier GR Mk 3 Close Support Aircraft Takara CWBR-48 Bv-202 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (MG Option) CWBR-49 L118 105mm Light Gun QRF, OG CWBR-50 FV-432/30 30mm Fire Support Vehicle QRF CWBR-51 CVR(T) Spartan MCT (Milan Compact Turret) ATGM Vehicle QRF CWBR-52 BAT L6 Wombat 120mm Recoilless Rifle QRF CWBR-53 Wessex HC Mk 2 Transport Helicopter Italeri CWBR-54 Chinook HC Mk 1 Heavy Transport Helicopter QRF, OG CWBR-55 Sea King HC Mk 4 Commando Transport Helicopter Italeri CWBR-56 Jaguar GR Mk 1 Ground-Attack Aircraft QRF, Italeri CWBR-57 Centurion AVRE 105mm Engineering Assault Tank (easy to convert from QRF parts) CWBR-58 Tornado GR Mk 1 Ground-Attack Aircraft Italeri, Revell CWBR-59 Buccaneer S Mk 2 Ground-Attack Aircraft Tamiya CWBR-60 Phantom FGA Mk 2 Fighter-Bomber QRF, Tamiya, Italeri CWBR-61 Abbot Self-Propelled 105mm Howitzer QRF CWBR-62 Sea Harrier FRS Mk 1 Fighter-Bomber Italeri CWBR-63 Saracen 76mm Armoured Car QRF CWBR-64 Humber Pig Internal Security Armoured Personnel Carrier QRF (early, open-backed version only) CWBR-65 Oerlikon GDF-002 Twin 35mm Anti-Aircraft Gun CWBR-66 Harrier GR Mk 5 Close Support Aircraft QRF, Italeri, Revell CWBR-67 Hawk T Mk 1 Advanced Training Aircraft Italeri CWBR-68 Wessex HU Mk 5 Assault Helicopter (MG & AS-12 ASM option) Italeri CWBR-69 Special Forces Infantry QRF, PP, MJ CWBR-70 Special Forces Patrol QRF, PP, MJ CWBR-71 Stinger SAM Team (Special Forces) CWBR-72 Bv-206 All-Terrain Tracked Carrier (MG Option)