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VINAYAKA MISSION UNIVERSITY V.M.K.V ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS M.

E POWER ELECTRONICS AND DRIVES ANALYSIS OF INVERTERS Unit 1: Part-A 1. What is an inverter? List a few industrial applications of Inverter. 2. What are the two main types of inverter? 3. When the converter act as an inverter? 4. Define turn on and turn off time. 5. What is the importance of feed back diode? 6. How the feed back diode differed from the free wheeling diode? 7. What is chopper? 8. How the Multi quadrant chopper differed from the chopper? 9. Write the importance of Switching? 10. List out the differences between VSI and CSI? 11. Mention the merits and demerits of the inverter? 12. Why the VSI always preferred the forced commutation? 13. When the Self commutation is preferred in the Inverter? 14. What is commutation? 15. List out the classification of Commutation? 16. What is Forced commutation? 17. Define Line commutation? 18. What is Steady state and Transient state? 19. List out the application of VSI. 20. When the VSI Working as a CSI? 21. List out the application of CSI. 22. List out the performance factor of the inverter? 23. What is Harmonics? 24. How the Ripples effect the output of the inverter? 25. What is Voltage Spike?

Part-B 1. (a) Describe the working of a single phase Half bridge voltage source inverter with its voltage and current wave forms? What is its main draw back? Explain how the draw back is overcome. (b) What is the purpose of connecting diodes in antiparallel with thyristers in inverter circuits? Explain how the diodes come into play. 2. (a) Explain the operation of single phase full bridge voltage source inverter with its voltage and Current wave forms? Mention the merits and demerits of the Full bride inverter. (b) Write the short notes on (i) continuous current (ii) discontinuous current 3. (a)List out the modes of the electrical drives then how the mode operation achieved in the four Quadrant chopper (b) What is the purpose of the swithing? List out the switching device and explain about it. 4. (a) Write Fourier series expression for the output voltage and currents obtained from single Phase half and full bride inverters. (b) A single phase bridge inverter is fed from 230 V dc.in the output voltage wave, only fundamental component of voltage is considered. Determine the rms current ratings of an SCR and a diode of the bridge for the following types of loads: (i) R = 2 (ii) L = 2 Find also the repetitive peak voltage that may appear across a thyrister in parts (i) and (ii) 5. (a) Explain the operation of three phase full bridge voltage source inverter with its voltage and Current wave forms? Mention the merits and demerits of the Full bride inverter. (b) Explain the principle operation of chopper with its neat circuit diagram and wave forms 6. (a) Explain the operation of three phase half bridge voltage source inverter with its voltage and Current wave forms? Mention the merits and demerits of the Full bride inverter. (b)How the Switching frequency selected in the Half and full bridge inverter

7. Explain the steady-state analysis of single phase inverter with R, RL and RLC load. 8. A single phase full bridge inverter is fed from a dc source such that fundamental component of voltage is 230V. Find the rms value of thyristor and diode currents for the following loads: a) R=2 ohm b)R=2 ohm, XL=8 ohm, XC=6 ohm. 9. A single phase full bridge inverter has RLC load of R=4ohm, L=35 mH and C=155 microF. The dc input voltage is 230V and the output frequency is 50Hz. a) Find an expression for load current up to fifth harmonic. Also, calculate b) rms value of fundamental load current, c) the power absorbed by load and fundamental power, d) the rms and peak currents of each thyristor, e) conduction time of thyristors and diodes if only fundamental component were considered. 10. Explain the types of chopper circuits with neat sketch.

Unit-2 : Part-A 1. List out the commutating elements in the inverter. 2. What is series inverter? 3. Write the classification of thyristor inverter? 4. List out the problems in the series inverter? 5. How the series inerter problems overcome? 6. What are the assumptions made in the Mc-Murray inverter? 7. Write the Design values of the L and C in the Mc-Murray inverter? 8. Write the Design values of the L and C in the Series inverter? 9. What is Parallel inverter? 10. What is high frequency series inverter? 11. Which inverter called as a Complementary commutated inverter and Auxiliary commutated Inverter? 12. Draw the basic circuit of series inverter. 13. What are the classifications of series inverters? 14. What are the main limitations of the series inverter?

15. What are the design considerations of series inverter? 16. What do you meant by self commutated inverters? 17. What do you meant by time sharing operation in high frequency series inverters? 18. Why do we preferred a static frequency converter to generate? 19. What are the types of force-commutated inverters? 20. What are the assumptions made for modified McMurray half bridge inverter? 21. What are the two patterns of gating the thyristors? 22. What are the various methods for the control of output voltage of inverters? 23. Name the different PWM techniques used in inverters. 24. What are the methods of reducing low-order harmonics from the output voltage of an inverter? 25. List some applications of CSI. Part-B 1. Draw and explain the simple series inverter circuit employing Class A type commutation. draw and discuss the important waveforms. State the limitations of this series inverter 2. (a) Draw a modified series inverter. Explain qualitatively how you can have output frequency Higher then series resonance frequency (b) Give the detailed design aspects of series inverter 3. (a)Draw a neat diagram of parallel inverter employing feed back diodes. Explain the working of inverter with the help of voltage and current waveforms. What care should be taken to avoid commutation failure? (b)Give the design aspects of parallel inverter employing feed back diodes. 4. Explain the operation of High frequency series inverter with neat diagram and the wave Forms. List out the merits and demerits 5. Explain the operation of basic series inverter with neat diagram and voltage and current wave Forms 6. Draw and explain the mode operation of Modified Mc-Murray Half Bridge inverter with its Designing aspects 7. Explain the operation of Modified Mc-Murray Full Bridge inverter with its Designing aspects 8. Draw and explain the mode operation of Modified McMurray Bedford Half Bridge inverter

With its Designing aspects. 9. Design the Commutating element and explain the operation of Modified Mcmurray Bedford Full Bridge inverter 10. Explain the operation of three phase series inverter with its circuit diagram and Wave forms. List out the merits and demerits. Unit-3 Part-A: 1. What is CSI? 2. Write the merits and demerits of CSI 3. What is the importance of bridge circuit? 4. List out the application of CSI. 5. What is ASCI? 6. What is the difference between ideal and practical switches? 7. Compare Rload and L load. 8. What is ripple? 9. Why the ripple factor selection is important? 10. How the ripples are controlled? 11. What is filter? 12. What do meant by regenerative action in current source inverter? 13. Write the equation for turn-off time of CSI. 14. What are the advantages of CSI? 15. What if self commutation? 16. What are the applications of high-frequency inverter? 17. How can you reduce di/dt in CSI? 18. What are the different circuit configurations of CSI? 19. What is frequency domain analysis in CSI? 20. What is time domain analysis in CSI? 21. What is partial overlap region in an inverter? 22. What is no overlap region in an inverter? 23. What is full overlap region in an inverter? 24. What is TRIAC?

25. Write an expression for load current of CSI? Part-B 1.(a)Explain the operation of single phase CSI with neat diagram and voltage current waveforms. (b) What are the design considerations in the single phase capacitor commutated current source inverter? 2. Draw and explain the operation of single phase capacitor commutated current source inverter with resistive load .draw its related voltage and current waveforms. 3. (a) Explain the operation of three phase CSI with its Voltage and current wave forms (b) A single phase auto sequential commutated CSI is fed from 220V dc source. The Load is R=10.Thyristers have turn off time of 20 micro second and inverter output frequency is 50 Hz. Safety factor =2 4. Draw and explain the operation of single phase auto sequential commutated current source Inverter with Inductive load draw its related voltage and current waveforms. 5. Explain the detailed Circuit analysis of single phase capacitor commutated Current source Inverter? 6. Explain the operation of high-frequency inverter with forced commutation and give some examples. 7. Expalin the different circuit configurations using ideal switches for CSI with suitable waveforms. 8. Explain the operation of three phase capacitor commutated current source inverter with resistive load and draw the required waveforms. 9. Explain the operation of three phase capacitor commutated current source inverter with L-back with EMF loads and draw the required waveforms. 10. Explain with neat diagram the operation of boost inverter with required waveforms.

Unit-4 Part A 1. Why in the recent days IGBT is preferred? 2. What is the need of voltage control? 3. List out the methods of voltage control? 4. What is Harmonic? 5. What is the need of Harmonic control? 6. List out the methods of Harmonic control? 7. What is the purpose of resonant converter? 8. What is soft switching? 9. How the Hard switch differed from the Soft Switch? 10. Define ZCS. 11. Define ZVS. 12. What is PWM? 13. List out the advantage of PWM control. 14. List out the different PWM Techniques. 15. What is internal control? 16. Define Single pulse modulation. 17. Define multiple pulse modulations. 18. Define sinusoidal pulse modulation. 19. Compare Phase controlled rectifier and SMPS. 20. List out the application of SMPS. 21. List out the categories of SMPS. 22. Compare SMPS and UPS. 23. What are the requirements for reliable and continuous operation of an UPS? 24. List out the application of UPS. 25. Write the basic concept of an UPS. Part-B 1. Write the short notes on (i) External control of ac output voltage (ii) External control of dc Output voltage

2. What is the Purpose of PWM in internal control? List out the varies PWM techniques. How these differ from each other? 3. Explain the following (i) Harmonic Reduction by Transformer connections (ii) Harmonic Reduction by PWM. 4. Write the short notes on (i) Harmonic Reduction by Stepped wave inverters (ii) Resonant converter 5. Explain the operation of Fly back converter with its Equivalent circuit, Voltage and current Wave forms. 6. Discuss briefly about the operation of Push Pull converter and Half Bridge converter. 7. Explain briefly about the operation of Full Bridge converter with its circuit diagram. Mention the merits and demerits. 8. Draw and explain briefly about the operation of uninterruptible power supply with its neat circuit diagram. list out the merits and demerits. 9. What is the purpose of ZCS? List out the types of ZCS and explain the operation with its mode. 10. Explain the operation of ZVS with its neat diagram and voltage and current wave forms **********************