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Name Of Course: B.Tech.(Chem.Engg.

) Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur Study and Evaluation Scheme [Effective from the Session 2009-10] B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S. Course N Code o. Theory Subjects 1 CY 301 2 CH301 3 MA 301 4 CH302 5 CH 303 Practical/Design 6 CY 351 7 CH 351 8 Subject Periods L Applied chemistry &instrumental analysis Material &Energy balance Mathematics III Transport Phenomena Engineering Thermodynamics Chemistry Lab Flow Sheeting Lab General Proficiency B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S.No . Course Code Subject Periods L Fluid Mechanics Mechanical Operation Heat Transfer Operation Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Chemical Reaction engineering-1 Fluid Mechanics Lab Mechanical operation lab Heat Transfer Operation Lab General Proficiency 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 T 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 30 15 15 30 20 20 20 20 20 10 10 20 50 50 50 50 50 25 25 50 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

Year 2nd, Semester -III Subject Total 150 150 150 150 150 100 100 50 Credi ts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

ESE 100 100 100 100 100 50 50

Year 2nd, Semester -IV Subject Total 150 150 150 150 150 50 50 100 50 Credi ts 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 4

ESE 100 100 100 100 100 25 25 50

Theory Subjects 1 CH 401 2 CH 402 3 CH 403 4 CH 404 5 CH 405

Practical/Design 6 CH 451 CH 452 7 CH 453 8

B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S. No. Course Code Subject Periods L Instrumentation and Process Control Chemical Reaction Engineering -II Mass Transfer Operation-I Bio system processes Chemical Technology-I Instrumentation and Process Control Lab Chemical reaction engineering Lab General Proficiency 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

Year 3rd, Semester -V Subject Total 150 150 150 150 150 100 100 50 Credit s 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

ESE 100 100 100 100 100 50 50

Theory Subjects 1 CH 501 2 CH 502

3 CH 503 4 CH 504 5 CH 505 Practical/Design 6 CH 551 7 8 CH 552

B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S. No. Course Code Subject Periods L Mass transfer operation -II CONM Process Equipment Design Process Optimization Chemical Technology-II Mass Transfer Lab CONM Lab Seminar General Proficiency 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 T 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 6 Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 30 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 20 10 10 10 50 50 50 50 50 25 25 25

Year 3rd, SemesterVI Subject Total 150 150 150 150 150 50 50 50 50 Credit s 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2

ESE 100 100 100 100 100 25 25 25

Theory Subjects 1 CH 601 2 MA 3 CH 602 4 CH 603 5 CH 604 Practical/Design 7 CH 651 8 MA 9 CH 652 10

B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S.N o. Course Code Subject Periods L Open Elective Process Modeling and Simulation Material Technology Process design and poject engineering Elective-I Computer Application and Design lab Project Industrial/practical training and report presentation General Proficiency B. Tech. (Chem. Engg) S. No. Course Code Subject Periods L Engineering Economics and Management Elective-II Elective -III Energy Resources and Management 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 P 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 T 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 6 3

Year 4th, Semester -VII Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 30 15 20 20 20 20 20 10 50 50 50 50 50 50 25 50 Subject Total 150 150 150 150 150 50 100 50 50 Year 4th, Semester -VIII Evaluation Scheme Sessional Exam. CT TA Total 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 Subject Total 150 150 150 150 Credit s 4 4 4 4 Credit s 4 4 4 4 4 2 4 2

ESE 100 100 100 100 100 25

Theory Subjects 1 CH OE 2 CH 701 3 4 CH 702 CH 703

5 Practical/Design 6 CH 751 7 8 9 CH 752 CH 753

ESE 100 100 100 100

Theory Subjects 1 2 3 4 Practical/Design 6 CH751 7 CH752 8

Energy & Environmental lab Project General Proficiency

0 0

0 0

3 10

30

20

50

50

100 250 50

Open Elective: Elective-I Elective-II

Energy resources utilization and management 1.Advance separation process 2. Process Integration 3. Interface and surface sciences 1. Heterogeneous catalysis 2. Advanced process control 3. Molecular Simulation

Elective-III 1. Nanotechnology 2. Standardization in Chemical engineering 3. Industrial Safety & Hazard Management

THIRD SEMESTER CH 301 MATERIAL &ENERGY BALANCE (3:1:0) UNIT 1 Basic and derived units, use of model units in calculations, Methods of expression, compositions of mixture and solutions, Ideal and real gas laws - Gas constant - calculations of pressure, volume and temperature using ideal gas law, Use of partial pressure and pure component volume in gas calculations, applications of real gas relationship in gas calculation. UNIT2 Stoichiometric principles, application of material balance to unit operations like distillation, evaporation, crystallization, drying etc., Material balance with chemical reaction, Limiting and excess reactants, recycle, bypass and purging UNIT 3 Unsteady state material balances, calculation of absolute humidity, molal humidity, relative humidity and percentage humidity, use of humidity in condensation and drying, Humidity chart, dew point. UNIT 4 Determination of Composition by Orsat analysis of products of combustion of solid, liquid and gas fuels, calculation of excess air from orsat technique and problems, heat capacity of solids, liquids, gases and solutions, use of mean heat capacity in heat calculations, problems involving sensible heat and latent heats, evaluation of enthalpy. UNIT5 Standard heat of reaction, heats of formation, combustion, solution, mixing etc., calculation of standard heat of reaction, effect of pressure and temperature on heat of reaction, Energy balance for systems with and without chemical reaction, unsteady state energy balances. Introduction to Computer aided calculations-steady state material and energy balances. BOOKS: 1. Bhatt, B.L., VORA, S.M., Stoichiomentry ", Tata McGraw-Hill, 1976. 2. Hougen, O.A., Watson, K.M and Ragatz, R.A., " Chemical Process Principles Part-I ",John Wiley and Asia Publishing, 1970. 3. Himmelblau, D.M., Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering ",Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall Inc., 1982. 4. Whitwell, J.C., Tone, R.K. Conservation of Mass and Energy ", McGraw-Hill, 1973. 5. Process Calculation for Chemical Engineering, Second Revised Edition, Chemical Engineering Education Development Centre, I.I.T., Madras, 1981.

CH 302 TRANSPORT PHENOMENA (3:1:0) UNIT 1 Vectors/Tensors, Newtons law of viscosity, Temperature, pressure and composition dependence of viscosity, Kinetic theory of viscosity, Fouriers law of heat conduction, Temperature, pressure and composition dependence of thermal conductivity, Kinetic theory of thermal conductivity, Ficks law of diffusion, Temperature, pressure and composition dependence of diffusivity, Kinetic theory of diffusivity. UNIT 2 Shell Momentum balances, velocity profiles, average velocity, momentum flux at the surfaces, Equations of Change (Isothermal), equation of continuity, equation of motion, equation of energy (isothermal). UNIT 3 Shell energy balances, temperature profiles, average temperature, energy fluxes at surfaces, Equations of change (non-isothermal), equation of continuity, equation of motion for forced and free convection, equation of energy (non-isothermal). UNIT 4 Shell mass balances, concentration profiles, average concentration, mass flux at surfaces, Equations of change (multi-component), equations of continuity for each species, equation of energy (multi-component). UNIT 5 Introduction to the concept of heat and mass transfer coefficients. Interphase mass transfer, various coefficient of mass transfer and their determination, resistance concept, controlling phase concept, Mass transfer in turbulent flow, Analogies of mass transfer, Empirical equations.Theories of mass transfer, two film theory, Higbies penetration theory, Derivation of flux equation, surface renewal theory. BOOKS: 1. Byron, R. B., Stewart, W. E., Lightfoot, E. N., Transport Phenomena, John Wiley & Sons, 1960.

CH 303ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (3:1:0) UNIT 1 Fundamental concepts in thermodynamics: heat and work, the first law of thermodynamics, joule's experiment, Internal energy, state functions, enthalpy, steady-state steady-flow processes, equilibrium and the phase rule, reversible processes, processes at constant volume and constant pressure, heat capacities, thermodynamics analysis of control volume, unsteady flow processes, charging and discharging of vessel. UNIT 2 Volumetric properties of pure fluids, P-V-T diagrams, Ideal gas, virial equation and its applications, cubic equations of state, generalized correlations for gases and liquids. UNIT 3 THERMAL EFFECTS: Sensible heat and latent heat. Standard heat of formation, heat of reaction and heat of combustion, effect of the temperature on the heat of reaction, the second law of thermodynamics, statement of the second law, heat engines, carnot cycle, thermodynamic scale of temperatures, entropy, the third law of thermodynamics. UNIT 4 Thermodynamic properties of pure fluids, maxwell's equations, helmholtz and gibbs functions. residual properties. two-phase systems, tables and diagrams of thermodynamic properties of gases and liquids. UNIT 5 Cycles for conversion of heat into power, refrigeration and liquefaction, thermodynamic analysis of processes. BOOKS 1. Smith, J. M.; Introduction to chemical engineering thermodynamics Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi

CH 351 FLOW SHEETING LAB(0:1:3) Problems will be solved using CHEMCAD Software

FOURTH SEMESTER

CH 401 FLUID MECHANICS (3:1:0) UNIT 1 Properties of fluids, fluid statics, Forces on fluids, pressure depth relationship for compressible and incompressible fluids, Forces on submerged bodies, Rigid body motion, pressure measurements, Eulers equation, Bernoullis theorem. UNIT 2 Kinematics of flow, Description of velocity field, Stream functions, Angular velocity, Fluids in circulation, Irrotational flow, Dimensional analysis, Buckingham Pi Theorem, Dimensionless numbers and their physical significance, Similitude Criteria. UNIT 3 Fluid flow: Laminar and turbulent flows, Pressure drop in pipes, pipe fittings and pipe network, friction factor, Conservation of mass, momentum and energy, Mechanical engineering Bernoullis equation . UNIT 4 Flow measuring devices for chemical plants, venturimeter, orifice meter, nozzle, Rota meter, pitots tube and vnotch. UNIT 5 Pumping and compressing of chemicals and gases, reciprocating pumps, rotary pumps, centrifugal pumps and blowers, NPSH and calibrations, mixing and agitation, types of mixers and their selection, power requirement, compressible fluid flow, introductory concepts of two-phase flow. BOOKS 1. Gupta, Vijay and S. K. Gupta, Fluid Mechanics and its Applications, Wiley Eastern, New Delhi (1984). 2. Rajput, R. K., Text Book of Fluid Mechanics, S. Chand and Co., New Delhi (1998). 3. Jain, A. K., Fluid Mechanics including Hydraulic Machines, Khanna Publishers, Delhi (2007). 4. Bansal, R. K., Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi (2005). 5. Gupta, S. K., Momentum Transfer Operations, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi (1982).

CH 402 MECHANICAL OPERATIONS(3:1:0) UNIT I Particle Technology: Particle shape, particle size, different ways of expression of particle size, shape factor, sphericity, mixed particles size analysis, screens ideal and actual screens, differential and cumulative size analysis, effectiveness of screen, specific surface of mixture of particles, number of particles in a mixture, standard screens industrial screening equipment, motion of screen, grizzly, gyratory screen, vibrating screen, trommels, sub sieve analysis Air permeability method, sedimentation and elutriation methods. UNIT 2 Size Reduction: Introduction types of forces used for communition, criteria for communition, characteristics of communited products, laws of size reduction, work index, energy utilization, methods of operating crushers free crushing, choke feeding, open circuit grinding, closed circuit grinding, wet and dry grinding, equipment for size reduction Blake jaw crusher, gyratory crusher, smooth roll crusher, tooth roll crusher, imp actor, attrition mill, ball mill, critical speed of ball mill, ultra fine grinders, fluid energy mill, colloid mill, cutters knife cutter UNIT 3 Flow of Fluid Past Immersed Bodies: Drag, drag coefficient, pressure drop Kozeny Carman equation, Blake- Plummer, Ergun equation, fluidization, conditions for fluidization, minimum fluidization velocity, types of fluidization, application of fluidization, slurry transport, pneumatic conveying. Motion of Particles Through Fluids: Mechanics of particle motion, equation for one dimensional motion of particles through a fluid in gravitational and centrifugal field, terminal velocity, drag coefficient, motion of spherical particles in Stokes region, Newtons region and intermediate region, criterion for settling regime, hindered settling, modification of equation for hindered settling, centrifugal separators, cyclones and hydro cyclones. UNIT 4 Sedimentation: Batch settling test, application of batch settling test to design of continuous thickener, Coe and Clevenger theory, Kynch theory, thickener design, determination of thickener area. Filtration: Introduction, classification of filtration, cake filtration, clarification, batch and continuous filtration, pressure and vacuum filtration constant rate filtration and cake filtration, characteristics of filter media, industrial filters, sand filter, filter press, leaf filter, rotary drum filter, horizontal belt filter, bag filter, centrifugal filtration suspended batch centrifuge, filter aids, application of filter aids, principles of cake filtration, modification of Kozeny Carman for filtration UNIT 5 Agitation And Mixing: Application of agitation, Agitation equipment, Types of impellers Propellers, Paddles and Turbines, Flow patterns in agitated vessels, Prevention of swirling, Standard turbine design, Power correlation and Power calculation, Mixing of solids, Types of mixers- change can mixers, Muller mixers, Mixing index, Ribbon blender, Internal screw mixer, Tumbling mixer. Sampling, Storage and Conveying of Solids: Sampling of solids, storage of solids, Open and closed storage, Bulk and bin storage, Conveyors Belt conveyors, Chain conveyor, Apron conveyor, Bucket conveyor, Bucket elevators, Screw conveyor. BOOKS: 1. Momentum transfer operation: S.K.Gupta, TMC, 1979. 2. Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering: McCabe and Smith,.TMC

3. Chemical Engineering Vol. I: Coulson & Richardson, Pergamon, 1979

CH 403 HEAT TRANSFER OPEARATIONS(3:1:0) UNIT 1 Introduction to heat transfer and general concepts of heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation, Conduction: Basic concepts of conduction in solids, liquids, gases, steady state temperature fields and one dimensional conduction without heat generation e.g. through plain walls, cylindrical and spherical surfaces, composite layers, etc. Insulation materials, critical and optimum insulation thickness. Extended surfaces, fins and their applications. Introduction to unsteady state heat transfer. UNIT 2 Convection: Fundamentals of convection, Basic concepts and definitions, natural and forced convection, hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, laminar and turbulent heat transfer inside and outside tubes. Dimensional analysis, determination of individual and overall heat transfer coefficients, heat transfer in molten metals. UNIT 3 Radiation: Basic laws of heat transfer by radiation, black body and gray body concepts, view factors, Kirchhoffs law, solar radiations, combined heat transfer coefficients by convection and radiation. UNIT 4 Heat transfer with phase change: Condensation of pure vapours, film wise and drop wise condensation, loading in condensers and basic calculation on condensers. Heat transfer in boiling liquids, boiling heat transfer coefficients. Evaporation: Elementary principles, types of evaporators, Single and multiple effect evaporators and their calculations. UNIT 5 Heat transfer equipment: Classification, principles and design criteria, types of exchangers, viz. double pipe, shell and tube, extended surface. Furnaces and their classification and application.

BOOKS 1. 2 3 4 5 Holman, J. P., Heat Transfer, 9th ed. McGraw Hill (1989). Coulson, J. M. & Richardson, J. F., Chemical Engineering:Vol-1, 6 th ed. Butterworth-Heinemann McAdams, W. H., Heat Transmission, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill (1954). Kern, D. Q., Process Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill Book (1950). Badger, W. L. & Bancharo, J. T., Introduction to Chemical Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill.

CH 404 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (3:1:0) UNIT 1. An Introduction to vapour-Liquid Equilibria, qualitative behaviour of the vapour-liquid equilibria (VLE), Simple models for vapourliquid, equilibria:Raoult's and henrys laws, dewpoint and bubblepoint calculations, VLE by modified raoults law and K-value correlations. Flash calculations. UNIT 2 Solution Thermodynamics, theory fundamental property relation. The chemical potential and phase equilibria. Partial properties, equations relating molar and partial molar properties, partial properties in binary solutions, relations among partial properties, ideal gas mixtures, fugacity and fugacity coefficient for pure species, VLE for pure species, fugacity of a pure liquid, fugacity and fugacity coefficient for species in solution, the fundamental residual property relation, fugacity coefficients from the virial equation of state and generalized correlations, the ideal solution, the Lewis/Randall rule, excess properties. The excess Gibbs energy and the activity coefficient, The nature of excess properties. UNIT 3. Solution Thermodynamics, Applications Liquid phase properties from VLE data. Fugacity. Activity coefficient. Excess Gibbs energy. Data reduction. Thermodynamic consistency. Models for the excess Gibbs energy. Local composition models. Property changes of mixing. Heat effects of mixing processes. Heats of solution. EnthalpyConcentration diagrams. UNIT 4. Chemical Reaction Equilibria, The reaction coordinate. Multireaction stoichiometry. Application of equlibrium criteria to chemical reactions. The standard Gibbs energy change and equilibrium constant. Effect of temperature on the equilibrium constant. Evaluation of equilibrium constants. Relation of equilibrium constants to composition. Gas-phase and liquid-phase reactions. Equilibrium conversions for single reactions. Single phase reactions. Reactions in heterogeneous systems. Multireaction equilibria. Fuel cells. UNIT 5 Topics in Phase Equilibria The gamma/phi formulation of VLE. VLE from cubic equations of state. Equilibrium and stability. Liquid-liquid equilibrium. Vapour-liquid-liquid equilibrium. Solid-liquid equilibrium. Osmotic equilibrium and osmotic pressure. BOOKS 1. Smith, J. M.; Introduction to chemical engineering thermodynamics . CH 405 CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING-I(3:1:0) UNIT 1 Rate of Reaction, Elementary and non-elementary homogeneous reactions, Molecularity and order of reaction, Mechanism of reaction, temperature dependency from thermodynamics, collision and activated complex theories. Integral and differential methods for analyzing kinetic data, interpretation of constant volume reactor,

zero, first, second and third order reactions, half life period, irreversible reaction in parallel and series, catalytic reaction, auto catalytic reaction, reversible reactions. UNIT 2 Interpretation of variable volume batch reactions for zero, first and second order reactions, design equation for batch, continuous stirred tank, plug flow reactors for isothermal reaction. UNIT 3 OPTIMUM REACTOR SIZE, PLUG FLOW/MIXED FLOW REACTORS IN SERIES AND PARALLEL, RECYCLE REACTOR. UNIT 4 Design of reactors for multiple reactions, parallel and series reactions. Temperature and pressure effects for single reaction. UNIT 5 Residence time distribution of fluids in vessels, E, F and C curves, Dispersion model, Tank in series model. BOOKS 1. Levenspiel, O., Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd edition, John Wiley (1998).

CH 451 FLUID MECHANICS LAB(0:0:3) 1. To find the cake and filter medium resistance of Plate and Frame Filter press. 2. To find the filter medium resistance of a Vacuum Leaf Filters. 3. To find the flow rate using a V notch 4. To find the friction losses in a Straight pipe 5. To find the friction losses in a Bend pipe 6. Study of Pipe fittings and Valves 7. To study the principle of a hydro-cyclone and find out the efficiency of separation. 8. To study the Reynolds apparatus and verify experimentally 9. To study the working principle of a reciprocating pump and to determine the percentage of slip. 10. To study the working principle of a centrifugal pump and determine its efficiency experimentally. 11. To determine the cake resistance of a batch basket centrifuge. 12. To find out the flow profile of water from hook s gauge and determination of coefficient of velocity, coefficient of discharge, coefficient of resistance, coefficient of contraction 13. To determine the pressure drop in a packed bed by Leva s and Erguns equation and verify experimentally. 14. To determine the minimum fluidization velocity in a fluidized bed and verify experimentally. 15. To determine the minimum fluidization velocity and pressure drop in a tapered fluidized bed. 16. Determination of discharge coefficient with Reynold s Number in case of an orifice meter and a venturi meter.

17. Determination of the minimum fluidization velocity and pressure drop in a square bed. 18. Study of De laval Centrifuge and to find out its efficiency using it as a Clarifier and Purifier. 19. Study and verification of the flow pattern in a Bernoulli s apparatus. 20. Determination of the mixing and segregation index of the given sample of bed materials in a fluidized bed. 21. Determination of the fluidization index of the given sample of bed materials in a fluidized bed. CH 452 MECHANICAL OPERATION LABS(0:0:3) 1. Determination of average particle size of a mixture of particles by sieve analysis. 2. Study and operation of Jaw crusher and thereby verification of Ritinger s constant. 3. Determination of reduction ratio, maximum feed size and theoretical capacity of crushing rolls. 4. Determination of the effect of no. of balls on grinding in a Ball mill and comparison of its critical speed with the operating speed. 5. To find out the effect of time on grinding and amount of undersize at zero time of grinding in a ball mill and to compare its operating speed with the critical speed. 6. To find out enrichment of the coal sample using a froth flotation cell. 7. Determination of the effectiveness of a vibrating screen. 8. To find the efficiency of Wilfley Table and the effect of water flow rate on efficiency of separation. 9. Study and operation of a Hammer mill thereby finding its reduction ratio. 10. Study and operation of a Pulverizer and thereby finding its reduction ratio. 11. Study and operation of a cyclone separator and thereby finding its efficiency of separation. 12. Study and operation of a Magnetic separator and thereby finding its efficiency of separation. 13. Study and operation of a Gyratory Crusher and thereby finding its reduction ratio CH 453 HEAT TRANSFER LAB (0:1:3) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. To find out the thermal conductivity of liquids. To find out the thermal conductivity of a metal rod. Find out the Heat Transfer Coefficient during drop wise and film wise condensation. Find out the Heat Transfer Coefficient in a vertical and a horizontal condenser. To find out the emissivity of a surface. To find out the overall thermal conductance and plot the temperature distribution in case of a composite wall. To find out the average heat transfer co-efficient of vertical cylinder in natural convection. To find out the Stefan Boltzmans constant and compare with the theoretical value. To find out the relation between insulation thickness and heat loss. To find out the overall heat transfer co-efficient of a double pipe heat exchanger. To find out the overall heat transfer co-efficient of 1-2 shell & tube heat exchanger. Study and operation of a long tube evaporator.

FIFTH SEMESTER

CH 501 INSTRUMENTATION & PROCES CONTROL(3:1:0) UNIT 1 Introduction to Process control systems, Use of Laplace & Inverse Laplace Transformation in study of Process Dynamics & Control . Dynamic Modeling of a Process, Dynamic behavior of First order system, First order systems in series & second & higher order systems for various kind of inputs, Linearization of nonlinear systems, Transportation & Transfer Lag. UNIT 2 Classification of control systems ,Regulator & Servo control, Feed Forward & Feed backward control, Negative & Positive Feed back Control, Variables & Physical Elements of a Control system, Modes of control action, Controllers & Final control Elements, Reduction of Block & Signal Flow Diagrams, Closed loop transfer function UNIT 3 Response of closed loop control system for various type of control actions.Stability analysis, Rouths criterion, UNIT 4 Principles of measurements and classification of process control instruments,Static & Dynamic Chracterstics of instruments, Error analysis, Measurement of temperature, UNIT 5 Measurement of pressure, Vacuum, flow rate, liquid level and viscosity. BOOKS 1. Coughnowr and Koppel, " Process Systems Analysis and Control ", McGraw-Hill, New York, 1986. 2. George Stephanopolous, " Chemical Process Control ", Prentice-Hall of India Pvt-Ltd., New Delhi, 1990. 3. Emenule, S.Savas, " Computer Control of Industrial Processes ", McGraw-Hill, London, 1965. 4. Eckman, D.P., " Industrial Instrumentation ", Wiley, 1978. CH 502 CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING II (3:1:0)

UNIT 1 Introduction to heterogeneous reactions, Fluid-fluid reactions: kinetics and design. UNIT 2 Fluid-solid reactions: kinetic and design, Design of packed bed and fluidized bed reactors. UNIT 3

Nature of catalysis, Adsorption isotherms, Physical properties of catalysts, preparation, testing and characterization of solid catalysts, catalyst selection, catalyst poisoning and mechanisms of catalytic reactions. UNIT 4 Reaction and diffusion within porous catalysts, effectiveness factor, design of solid catalytic reactors. UNIT 5 Biochemical reactors, polymerization reactors. BOOKS 1. Levenspiel, O., Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd edition, John Wiley, (1998). 2. Smith, J, M, Chemical Engineering Kinetics, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill (1990).

CH 503 MASS TRANSFER -1(3:1:0) UNIT 1 Distillation Pressure-composition, Temperature-concentration, Enthalpy-concentration diagrams for ideal and non-ideal solutions, Raoults law and its application, Maximum and minimum boiling mixtures, concept of relative volatility, Single Stage Distillation Differential distillation, Flash vaporization, Vacuum, molecular and steam distillation. UNIT 2 Continuous Distillation of Binary Mixtures Multistage contact operations, Characteristics of multistage tower, McCabe Thiele method, Ponchon Savarit method, Reflux, maximum, min. and optimum reflux, Use of open steam, Tray efficiency, Determination of height and column diameter, Multistage batch distillation; Principles of azeotropic and extractive distillation, Introduction to multicomponent distillation system. UNIT 3 Liquid-Liquid Extraction Ternary liquid equilibria, Triangular graphical representation concept of theoretical or ideal stage, Equipment used for single stage and multistage continuous operation; Analytical and graphical solution of single and multistage operation Super critical fluid extraction. UNIT 4 Solid /Liquid Extraction Leaching, Solid liquid equilibrium, Equipment used in solid-liquid extraction,Single and multistage cross current contact and counter current operations. Concept of an ideal stage, Overall stage efficiency, Determination of number of stages. UNIT 5

Adsorption Description of adsorption processes and their application, Types of adsorption, Nature of adsorbents adsorption equilibrium and adsorption hysterises, Stage wise and continuous contact adsorption operations, Determination of number of stages, Equipments; Ion exchange, Equilibrium relationship, Principle of ion-exchange, techniques and applications, Principles and application of dialysis, osmosis reverse osmosis, thermal diffusion, sweep diffusion. BOOKS 1. 2. 3. 4. Treybal, R Mass Transfer Operations, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, (1980). Sherwood T. K., Pigford R. L. and Wilke P. Mass Transfer McGraw Hill (1975). Foust A. S. et.al., Principles of Unit Operations John Wiley (1980). Geankoplis, C.J.. Transport Processes and Unit Operations, 3rd ed. Prentice Hall.

CH 505 CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY--I (3:1:0) Introduction of CPT with reference to Indian resources, industries, trade and export potential, small scale industries and rural development. Preparation of process flow diagrams, Instrumentation diagrams and Process symbols. ; Introduction to the following industries lying emphasis on process flow sheet, material requirements, process conditions, material of construction and design aspects. UNIT 1 CARBOHYDRATES Introduction - Mono and Disaccharides - Important reactions - Polysaccharides - Starch and Cellulose Derivatives of Cellulose - Carboxy Methyl Cellulose and gun cotton - Structural aspects of cellulose. UNIT 2 Sugar, Glucose, Starch, Fermentation products such as Alcohol , Acetic acid, Citric acid and antibiotics UNIT 3 Soap and Surfactants, Glycerin, Fatty acids, Hydrogenation of edible oils , paper and pulp [6] UNIT 4 Synthetic and natural fibers: Nylon, Dacron, Terylyne, Polyester and other new products, Viscose rayon, acetate rayon , synthetic rubber with special reference to manufacture, vulcanization and reclaiming of rubber, SBR, Plastics, Thermosetting and Thermo Plastics(PVC, Polyethylene, Polyurethane, Teflon ) UNIT 5 Crude oil distillation, Thermal conversion processes(visbreaking ,coking), Catalytic conversion processes(fluid catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, hydro cracking, alkylation, isomerisation, polymerization) Finishing processes, sulphur removal process, lub oil manufacture; Petrochemicals(ethylene, propylene, formaldehyde, methanol, ethylene oxide , ethanolamine, cumene, ethylene glycol, ethyl benzene)

BOOKS 1. Dryden, C. E. Outlines of Chemical Technology (Edited and Revised by M.Gopal Rao and Sittig .M) East West Press.Pvt Ltd,New Delhi,3 rd Edition(1997). 2. Austin G. T Shreves Chemical Process Industries, 5th ed., McGraw Hill.(1984).

CH 551 INSTRUMENTATION & PROCES CONTROL LAB(0:1:3) 1. Transient response to single tank system with storage & Flow to (a) step change (b) impulse change in put. 2. Transient response of non interacting system in series. 3. Transient response of interacting system in series. 4. Study the operation of ON-OFF electronic temperature controller & determination of its performance to control the temperature of a system having capacity to store thermal energy. 5. Study the principle of operation & working of pneumatic servo system with various input functions. 6. Transient response of a CSTR System to step change. 7. Controlling a batch reactor using digital PID controller. 8. Study the dynamics of parallel & counter flow shell & tube heat exchanger. 9. Controlling of Parallel Flow & counter flow STHE using digital PI controller to have desired output. 10. Dynamics characteristics of mercury & water manometers. 11. Study of control value characteristics. 12. Study the performance of cascade control system & to maintain desired level in a tank, with flow. 13. Study the dynamics of bubble cap distillation column. 14. Control of a bubble cap distillation column using digital PID controller. 15. Study of effect of PID controller on pressure process trainer. 16 Calibration of thermocouple/Bimetallic thermocouple/Resistance thermocouple. 17. Calibration of Pressure gauge/ Pnuematic pressure recorder/ Differential pressure recorder. 18. Calibration of Orificemeter/ Venturimeter / Rotameter/ Gas flow meter. 19. Estimation of viscosity by Redwood/ Saybolt/ Ostwald viscometer. 20. Calibration of pH meter. 21. Calibration of Conductivity meter. CH 552 CHEMICAL REACTION LABORATORY (0:1:3) 1. Study and operation of a packed bed reactor 2. Study and operation of a batch reactor 3. Study and operation of a CSTR 4. Study and operation of a plug flow reactor 5. Study and operation of a cascade CSTR 6. Study and operation of an adiabatic batch reactor 7. Study and operation Trickle bed reactor 8. Study and operation Condensation polymerization reactor 9. Study and operation Emulsion polymerization reactor 10. RTD study in a CSTR 11. RTD study in a plug flow reactor 12. Study and operation of a coiled tubular reactor

SIXTH SEMESTER

CH 601 MASS TRANSFER OPERATIONS - II (3:1:0) UNIT 1 Absorption and Stripping: Equipments, Gas-liquid equilibrium, Henrys law, Selection of solvent, Absorption in tray column, Graphical and analytical methods, Absorption in packed columns, HTU, NTU &HETP concepts, Design equations for packed column, Absorption with chemical reaction and mass transfer. UNIT 2 Humidification and Dehumidification:Vapour liquid equilibrium and enthalpy for a pure substance, vapour pressure temperature curve, Vapour gas mixtures, Definition and derivations of relationships related with humidity Fundamental concept of humidification, Dehumidification and water cooling, Wet bulb temperature, Adiabatic and non-adiabatic operations, Evaporative cooling ,Classification and design of cooling towers. UNIT 3 Drying: Solid-gas equilibrium, Different modes of drying operations, Definitions of moisture contents, Types of batch and continuous dryers, Rate of batch drying, Time of drying, Mechanism of batch drying, Continuous drying, UNIT 4 Crystallization: Equilibrium yield of crystallization ,Heat and mass transfer rates in crystallization, Theories of crystallization, Factors governing nucleation and crystal growth rates, Controlled growth of crystal., Classification and design of crystallizers. UNIT 5 Membrane separation process, Types of membrane, separation of gases, separation of liquids, Dialysis, Reverse Osmosis, pervaporisation, Desalination.Recent Developments in Mass Transfer Operation. BOOKS 1. 2. 3. 4.

Trey bal, R Mass Transfer Operations, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, (1980). Sherwood T. K., Pig ford R. L. and wilke P. Mass Transfer McGraw Hill (1975). Foust A. S. et.al., Principles of Unit Operations John Wiley (1980). Geankoplis, C.J.. Transport Processes and Unit Operations, 3rd ed. Prentice Hall. (1993)

CH 602 PROCESS EQUIPMENT DESIGN(3:1:0)

Process Design: Heat exchangers concentric tube, shell and tube types, Condensers condenser coolers and superheater condensers for single vapour only, Evaporators single and multi effects, Absorbers for binary systems without reactions, Distillation columns for binary mixtures along with tray hydraulics, dryers; Multicomponent Distillation Column Design. Mechanical Design.:Storage tank,Supports. unfired pressure vessel subjected to internal and external pressure, Tall vessel,

BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 D. Q. Kern, Process Heat Transfer. J. H. Perry, Chemical Engineers Handbook. R. E. Treybal, Mass Transfer Operations I.S.Code for Unfired Pressure: IS No. 2825 -1969 pressure vessel. B. E. Brownell & E M Young, Process Equipment Design

CH 603 PROCESS OPTIMIZATION (3:1:0) UNIT-1 Introduction to process optimization; formulation of various process optimization problems and their classification. Basic concepts of optimization-convex and concave functions, necessary and sufficient conditions for stationary points. UNIT-2 Optimization of one dimensional functions, unconstrained multivariable optimization- direct search methods. Bracketing methods: Exhaustive search method, Bounding phase method Region elimination methods: Interval halving method, Fibonacci search method, Golden section search method. Point-Estimation method: Successive quadratic estimation method. Indirect first order and second order method. Gradient-based methods: NewtonRaphson method, Bisection method, Secant method, Cubic search method. Root-finding using optimization techniques. UNIT-3 Multivariable Optimization Algorithms: Optimality criteria, Unidirectional search, direct search methods: Evolutionary optimization method, simplex search method, Powells conjugate direction method. Gradient-based methods: Cauchys (steepest descent) method, Newtons method. UNIT-4 Constrained Optimization Algorithms: Kuhn-Tucker conditions, Transformation methods: Penalty function method, method of multipliers, Sensitivity analysis, Direct search for constraint minimization: Variable elimination method, complex search method. UNIT 5 Successive linear and quadratic programming, optimization of staged and discrete processes. Specialized & Non-traditional Algorithms: Integer Programming: Penalty function method, Nontraditional Optimization Algorithms

Books
1. Kalyanmoy Deb ,Optimization for engineering design, , Prentice Hall of India 2. T.F.Edgar and D.M.Himmelblau, optimization of chemical processes, Mc Graw Hill,

3. International editions, chemical engineering series, 1989. 4. G.S. Beveridge and R.S. Schechter, Optimization theory and practice, Mc Graw Hill, Newyork, 1970. 5. Rekllitis, G.V., Ravindran, A., and Ragdell, K.M., Engineering Optimization- Methods and Applications, John Wiley, New York, 1983. 6. SS Rao, Optimization Theory and Applications CH 604 CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY II (3:1:0)

Introduction of CPT with reference to Indian resources, industries, trade and export potential, small scale industries and rural development. Preparation of process flow diagrams, Instrumentation diagrams and Process symbols. ; Introduction to the following industries lying emphasis on process flow sheet, material requirements, process conditions, material of construction and design aspects. UNIT 1 Chlor-alkali industry: Common salt, Caustic soda and Chlorine, Soda Ash, Hydrochloric acid. UNIT 2 Sulfur Industry: Sulfur and sulfuric acid,Oleum Phosphorus Industry: Phosphorus, Phosphoric acid and super phosphates UNIT 3 Nitrogen Industry: Ammonia, Nitric acid, Urea and other nitrogen fertilisers, Mixed fertilisers (SSP, TSP, NPK ,KAP ,DAP, Nitrophosphate) Bio fertilizers. Unit 4 Industrial Gases: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Hydrogen Inert gases, Syngas, Cement. UNIT 5 Electrothermal industries, Aluminium, Magnesium, Litfium Titanium etc., Electro-chemical sources of energy and storage. BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 Dryden, C. E. Outlines of Chemical Technology (Edited and Revised by M.Gopal Rao and Sittig .M) East West Press. ,New Delhi,3 rd Edition(1997). Austin G. T Shreves Chemical Process Industries, 5th ed., McGraw Hill.(1984). Faith, W. L., Keyes, D. B. and Clark, R. L., Industrial Chemicals John Wiley.(1975). Kirk and Othmer, "Encyclopaedia of Chemical Technology" Wiley (2004). Pandey G.N & Shukla.S.D, Chemical Technology Vol - I Vikas publication.

CH 651 MASS TRANSFER LAB (0: 0:3) 1. Determination of diffusivity of acetone in air. 2. Determination of mass transfer coefficient in an agitated vessel. 3. Determination of mass transfer coefficient for steady state surface evaporation of water at different temperature. 4. Determination of mass transfer coefficient in a wetted wall column. 5. Determination of T-x-y diagram for a binary batch distillation. 6. Verification of Rayleigh equation in a binary batch distillation process. 7. Verification of steam distillation equations.

8. Determination of ternary curve for the system acetic acid-water-carbon tetrachloride. 9. Determination of distribution coefficient of a solute in two immiscible liquids. 10. Solid-Liquid extraction Soxhlets experiment. 11. Liquid - liquid extraction in packed bed. 12. Determination of adsorption kinetics and isotherm at solid-liquid interface. 13. Determination of the rate of drying in a tray dryer. 14. Estimation of efficiency of the fluidized bed dryer MA 651 CONM LAB (0: :3) CH 651 SEMINAR (0:0 :6)

SEVENTH SEMESTER

OPEN ELECTIVE ENERGY RESOURCES UTILIZATION & MANAGEMENT (3:1:0) Unit I Energy Scenario Indian and global, energy crisis, Classification of various energy sources, Renewable and Non-renewable energy sources, Remedial measures to some energy crisis. Energy Conservation Energy: Biogas plants and their operation, Biomass and its conversion routes to gaseous and liquid fuels. Wind energy, its potential and generation by wind mills. Unit II Alternative Sources of Energy Fuel cell ,Solar Energy : Photo thermal and photovoltaic conversion and utilization methods , solar water heating , cooking , drying and its use for other industrial processes , solar cells their material and mode of operation . direct and indirect methods solar energy storage , sensible heat and latent heat storage materials Solar ponds, Bio energy, biogas plants and their operation , biomass and its conversion roots to gaseous and liquid fuels ,wind energy , its potential and generation by wind mills. Unit III Hydroelectric potential, its utilization & production, Geothermal energy its potential Status and production, Nuclear energy: Status, nuclear raw materials, nuclear reactors And other classification, Generation of Nuclear power, Nuclear installations in India and Their capacity of generation, Limitations of nuclear energy, Reprocessing of spent nuclear Fuel, Cogeneration of fuel and power, Energy from tidal and ocean thermal sources, MHD systems. Unit IV Fossil and Processed Fuel Coal its origin and formation, Coal analysis, Coal classification, Coal preparation, Coal washing and coal blending, Coal carbonization, Treatment of coal gas and recovery of

chemical from coal tar, Coal gasification, liquid fuel synthesis from coal, CBM. Unit V Petroleum crude, Types of crude, emergence of petroleum products as energy, Gaseous Fuels: Natural gas, Water gas, producer gas, L.P.G., bio- gas, coke oven gas, blast Furnace gas, LNG ,CNG,Gas hydrates ,GTL Technology (gas to liquid), Bio diesel. Text Books 1. Brame J.S.S. and King J.G., Edward Arnold Fuel Solid, Liquid and Gases Edward Arnold (1967). 2. Sukhatme S.P, "Solar Energy - Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage",2nd Ed., Tata McGraw- Hill.,(1996).
CH 701 PROCESS MODELLING AND SIMULATION (3:1:0) Unit I Introduction to mathematical modeling; Advantages and limitations of models and applications of process models of stand-alone unit operations and unit processes; Classification of models Simple vs. rigorous, Lumped parameter vs. distributed parameter; Steady state vs. dynamic, Transport phenomena based vs. Statistical; Concept of degree of freedom analysis. Unit II Simple examples of process models; Models giving rise to nonlinear algebraic equation (NAE) systems, - steady state models of flash vessels, equilibrium staged processes distillation columns, absorbers, strippers, CSTR, heat exchangers, etc.; Review of solution procedures and available numerical software libraries. Unit III Steady state models giving rise to differential algebraic equation (DAE) systems; Rate based approaches for staged processes; Modeling of differential contactors distributed parameter models of packed beds; Packed bed reactors; Modeling of reactive separation processes; Review of solution strategies for Differential Algebraic Equations (DAEs), Partial Differential Equations (PDEs), and available numerical software libraries. Unit IV Unsteady state (time dependent) models and their applications; Simple dynamic models of Batch reactors, Adsorption columns, Multistage separation systems; Model reduction through orthogonal collocation; Review of solution techniques and available numerical software libraries. Unit V Introduction to flow sheet simulation; Sequential modular approach; Equation oriented approach; artitioning and tearing; Recycle convergence methods; Review of thermodynamic procedures and physical property data banks.

Text Books 1. Luyben W.L., Process Modeling, Simulation, and Control for Chemical Engineering, Wiley. 2. M.M. Denn, Process Modelling, Wiley, New York, (1990). 3. Hussain Asghar, Chemical Process Simulation, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, (1986)

4. C.D. Holland and A.I. Liapis, Computer Methods for Solving Dynamic Separation Problems, McGraw Hill, (1983). 5. C.D. Holland, Fundamentals of Modelling Separation Processes, Prentice Hall, (1975) 6. S.M. Walas, Modelling with Differential Equations in Chemical Engineering, Butterworth, (1991)

CH 702 MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY (3:1:0) Unit I Introduction: Introduction to material science, Classification of engineering materials, Levels of Structure, Structure-Property relationship in materials. Crystal Geometry and Structure Determination: Geometry of crystals- the Bravais lattices, Crystal directions and Planes- Miller indices, Structure determination-X ray diffraction- Braggs Law, the power method. Unit II Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding And Structure Of Solids: Structure of atom, Periodic table, Crystal Imperfections: Point Imperfections, Line imperfections- edge and screw dislocations, Surface imperfections. Unit III Phase Diagram And Phase Transformations: Phase rule, Single component systems, Binary Phase Diagrams, Lever rule, Typical Phase diagrams for Magnesia-Alumina, Copper-Zinc, Iron-carbon system, Nucleation and growth, Solidification, Allotropic transformation, Cooling curves for pure iron, Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram, Isothermal transformations (TTT curves). Deformation Of Materials- Fracture: Elastic deformation, Plastic deformation, Creep, Visco-elastic deformation, Different types of fracture. Unit IV Heat Treatment: Annealing, Normalizing, Hardening, Martempering, Austempering, Hardenability, Quenching, Tempering, Carburising, Cyaniding, Nitriding, Flame hardening. Corrosion And Prevention: Direct Corrosion, electro-chemical corrosion, Galvanic cells, High temperature corrosion, Passivity, factor influencing corrosion rate, Control and of corrosion-modification of corrosive environment, Inhibitors, Cathodic protection, protective coatings. Corrosion charts. Unit V Typical Engineering Materials: Ferrous metals, Non ferrous metals and alloys- Aluminum and its alloys, Copper and its alloys, Lead and its alloys, Tin, Zinc and its alloys, Alloys for high temperature service, Ceramic materials- Structure of ceramic, Polymorphism, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of ceramic phase. Smart materials, biomaterials, nanomaterials. Books: 1. Material Science and Processes Hajra Choudhary S. K., Indian Book Distributing Co., 1982. 2. Material Science and Engineering- A First Course, Raghavan V., 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1996. 3. William D Callister, Material Science 4. Elements of Materials Science, Van Vlack, H.L., 2nd Edition, Addision-Wesly Publishing Company, NY, 1964.

CH 703 PLANT DESIGN AND PROJECT ENGINEERING(3:1:0)

Unit I Basic considerations in Chemical Engineering Piant Design. Project identification, preliminary teachnoeconomic feasibility. Process design aspects-process selection, factors affecting. Importance of laboratory development, pilot plant, scale-up methods, safety factor's, flow diagrams. Unit II Selection of process equipments-standard Vs special equipments, selection Criteria, specification sheet, Process auxiliaries - piping design, layout, process control and instrumentation, Process utilities-process water, boiierfeea water, wasts treatment & disposal, Oil heating system, chilling plant., compressed air v accum. Unit III Interest-types & calculations.Cost estimation-factors involved in project cost estimation, total capital investment, fixed capital and working capital, Methods if estimation of investment. Cost index and scaling for equipment cost. Estimation of total product cost-factors involved. Unit IV Depreciation-types & methods of determination. Profitability - alternative investment and replacement methods, practical factors in alternative & replacement investment. Unit V Inventory control, scheduling a project using CPM/PERT. Project management. Optimum conditions-optimum production rates in plant operations, optimum conditions in cyclic operations. Design reports. Plant location and layout principles, factors affecting, use of scale methods, case studies. BOOKS 1) Plant design and Economics for Chemical Engineers - Max S.Peters S.KIausD.Timmerhaus, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill (1991). 2) Chemical Engineering Plant Design - F.C.Vibrandt & C.E.Dryden, MuGraw Hill (1954) Note : Industrial visits and case studies are expected. ELECTIVE-I ADVANCE SEPARATION PROCESS(3:1:0)

Multicomponent distillation Bubble point and dew point calculations, Lewis and Matheson calculation, Method of Thiele and Geddes; Azeotropic distillation; Extractive distillation; Molecular distillation; Reactive distillation Classification of membrane processes; Liquid permeation membrane processes or dialysis Series resistance in membrane processes, Dialysis processes, Types of equipment for dialysis; Gas permeation membrane processes Types of membranes and permeability for separation of gases, Types of equipment for gas permeation membrane processes (flat membranes, spiral-wound membranes, hollowfibre membranes); Types of flow in gas permeation; Complete-mixing model, cross-flow model and countercurrent flow model for gas separation by membranes; Effect of processing variables on gas separation by membranes Reverse osmosis membrane processes Osmotic pressure of solution, flux equation, Types of equipment and Complete mixing model; Effect of operating variables; Concentration polarization; Permeability constants Ultra-filtration membrane processes Types of equipment, flux equation, effects of processing variables Supercritical fluid extraction Supercritical fluids, Phase equilibria, Industrial applications; Important supercritical processes Decaffination of coffee, Extraction of oil from seeds, Residuum oil supercritical extraction (ROSE), Supercritical fluid chromatography, Supercritical fluid reactions etc. Books: 1. C.J.Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Unit Operations, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2000). 2. T.K.Sherwood, R.L.Pigford and C.R.Wilke, Mass Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York (1975). 3. R.E.Treybal, Mass-Transfer Operations, McGraw-Hill, New York (1980).
PROCESS INTEGRATION(3:1:0)

Process Integration and its Building Blocks: Definition of Process Integration (PI), School of thoughts, Areas of application and Techniques available for PI, Onion diagram. Pinch Technology An Overview: Introduction, Basic concept, How it is different than energy auditing, Role of thermodynamic laws, Problem addressed by Pinch technology. Key Steps of Pinch Technology: Data extraction, Targeting, Designing, OptimizationSuper targeting .Basic Elements of Pinch Technology: Grid diagram, Composite curve, Problem table algorithm, Grand composite curve. Targeting of Heat Exchanger Network (HEN): Energy targeting, Area targeting, Number of units targeting, Shell targeting, cost targeting. Designing of HEN: Pinch design methods, Heuristic rules, Stream splitting, Design of maximum energy recovery (MER), Design of multiple utilities and pinches, Design for threshold problem, Loops and Paths. Heat Integration of Equipments: Heat engine, Heat pump, Distillation column, Reactor, Evaporator, Drier, Refrigeration systems. Heat and Power Integration: Co-generation, Steam turbine, Gas turbine.
BOOKS

V. Uday Sheno, Heat Exchanger network synthesis, Gulf Publishing Co, USA, 1995

James M. Douglas Conceptual Design of Chemical Process, McGraw Hill, New York, 1988. Linnhoff, B. Townsend D.W., Boland D., Hewitt G.F., Thomas, B.E.A., Guy, A.R. and Marsland, R.H., A Users guide on process integration for the efficient use of energy, Inst. Of Chemical Engineers, London (1982). Smith, R., Chemical Process Design, McGraw Hill (1995).

INTERFACE AND SURFACE SCIENCES

(3:1:0)

General introduction of colloids, interfaces, surfactants, and micellization. Intermolecular forces, Van der Waals forces, Brownian motion and Brownian flocculation, Surface and interfacial tension and surface free energy, Surface tension for curved interfaces, Surface excess and Gibbs equation, Thermodynamics of interfaces, Thermodynamics of micelle formation, Electrical phenomena at interfaces(Electrokinetic phenomena, Electrical double layer), Colloidal systems and colloidal stability, Emulsion and micro-emulsion. Application : General applications, Enhanced petroleum recovery, Novel fabrication of nanostructured particles, Engineering surfaces and interfaces, Self-assembled & nanostructured biomimetic interfaces. Measurement techniques of surface tension, zetapotential, particle size.
BOOKS

Hiemenz, P. C. and Rajagopalan, R., Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, 3rd Edition, Marcel Dekker, N.Y., 1997. M. J. Rosen, Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, Wiley-Interscience Publication, New York, 1978.

EIGHTH SEMESTER

ELECTIVE-II 1.HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS (3:1:0) Basic Data and Principles of Design, Interpretation of Data from Laboratory Batch, CSTR & Tubular Flow Reactors, Differential Reactor, Accuracy of Kinetic measurements, Thermodynamic Aspects of Chemical

Reactions, Catalyst Preparation Methods, Common Operations used During Catalyst Preparation and their Significant Variables, Catalyst Characterization, Mechanism of Catalytic Reactions, Various Resistances in Multiphase Reactions stablishing Global Rates in Various Situations, Design of Real Reactors Considering Actual Concentration and Temperature Profile

2.ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL(3:1:0) Complex control system: Multiple loop control systems; Cascade control; Ratio control; Feed forward control, Multivariable process control: Design of controllers for interactions, Loop interaction, Decoupling of interacting loops. Tuning of feed back controllers Quarter Decay Ratio Response, Minimum error Integral Criterion, IAE, ISE, ITAE, ITSE,Design strategies for common industrial processes such distillation, heat exchangers,etc.Batch Process: Introduction to advanced control strategies, use of microprocessors in process control. BOOKS : 1. Industrial Instrumentation, Eckman. D.P,Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. Process Instrumentation and Controls Handbook, Considine,D.N., McGraw Hill. 3. Process System Analysis and Control, Coughanowr, D.R. and Koppel, L.B.,McGraw Hill. 4. Chemical Process Control- An introduction theory and practice, Stephanopolous, G., Prentice Hall of India. 5. Principals and Practice of Automatic Process Control, Carlos A. Smith and Armando B. Corripio, John Willy & Sons, 2nd Ed.

3.MOLECULAR SIMULATION (3:1:0) Introduction, ensembles, Fluctuations, Boltzmann statistics Gases, classical statistical mechanics, distribution functions. Imperfect gases, perturbation theories of liquids Monte Carlo methods, sampling, Markov chains, Monte Carlo simulation, Molecular dynamics, ensemble averaging, error estimation, periodic boundaries Equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of continuous potentials, integration algorithms Modeling of molecules, including hard potentials, soft potentials, and multiatomic models, Free energy calculations Phase equilibrium calculations, Advanced molecular dynamic methods, Complex Fluids and biased-sampling techniques Introduction to commercial simulation software BOOKS: 1. Understanding Molecular Simulation by Frenkel and Smit, Academic Press, SanDiego, CA, 1996. 2. Statistical Mechanics by D. A. McQuarrie, Harper and Row, 1976. 3. Computer Simulation of Liquids by Allen and Tildesley, Oxford University Press, 1987. 4. The Theory of Simple Fluids by Hansen and McDonald, Academic Press, 2nd edition, 1986. 5. The Theory of Molecular Fluids by Gray and Gubbins, Oxford University Press, 1985 6. ELECTIVE-III 1.NANOTECHNOLOGY (3:1:0) Introduction to Nanotechnology History of nano-revolution, nano scale materialsand their applications, Carbon nano tubes, organic and inorganic nano structures.Future of the nanotechnology. Materials used in

Nanotechnology An overview of the physical (mechanical, electrical) and chemical properties of different classes of solid materials such asmetals, semiconductors, insulators and polymers. Examples of size effects of properties observed in thin films, colloids and nanocrystals.Conventional Fabrication Techniques Top down and bottom up process, techniques used in conventional micro fabrication including thin film deposition (e.g.CVD, PVD(, lithography, chemical etching and electrodeposition.Analytical Techniques Analytical techniques such as Electron Microscopy, Electron and X-ray Diffraction, Ellipsometry, Photoelectron, Optical and Ion spectroscopy and Probe Microscopy. Applications Examples of applications in Micro and Nano technology including, Micro fluidics, Micro Electron Mechanical Systems (MEMS) membrane technology, and catalyst and coatings BOOKS: 1. M. Wilson, K. K. G. Smith, M. Simmons and B, Raguse; Nanotechnology, Chapman & Hall/CRC press 2002 2. M. Meyyappan; Carbon Nanotubes, Science and application; CRC Press, 2005 3. Alexei Nabok; Organic and Inorganic Nanostructures; Publisher Artech House, London, 2005 4. H. Watarai, N. Teramae and T Sawada; Interfacial Nanochemistry; Kluwer 2.STANDARDIZATION IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(3:1:0)

Utility of standard, Standards for material consumption, Standards for equipment, Standards for manual work, Standards for financial returns, Qualitative standards. Approach to standardization, Objective of the system, Idealized model for national standard system, case studies of national standards systems. Objective of Inspection and Quality Control, Function of inspection, Elements of quality, Objective of statistical quality control, Function of statistical quality control, Control charts, Concept of sampling, Concept of zero defects, Study of different standards followed by the chemical industry, Role of technology transfer in standardization; Modern trends in standardization. BOOKS 1. Ali Mansoor & Dalela S., A text Book of Industrial Engineering. 2nd Ed., Standard Publishers, Delhi (1972) pp. 264 - 334 Phone: 011 23285798: Agrawal & Co. Phone 011 23916376.

3.INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HAZARD MANAGEMENT(3:1:0)

Unit I Industrial safety, Industrial hygiene and safety aspects related to toxicity, noise, pressure, temperature, vibrations, radiation etc. Explosions including dust , vapor, cloud and mist explosion. Unit II Elements of safety, safety aspects related to site, plant layout, process development and design stages, identification of hazards and its estimation, risk, risk analysis and assessment methods; fault free method, event free method, scope of risk assessment, controlling toxic chemicals and flammable materials.

Unit III Toxic substances and degree of toxicity, its estimation, their entry routes into human system, their doses and responses, control techniques for toxic substances exposure, use of respirators, ventilation systems. Unit IV Prevention of losses, pressure relief, provision for fire fighting, release of hazardous materials from tanks, pipes through holes and cracks , relief systems : types and location of reliefs. Unit V Handling, transportation and storage of of flammable liquids, gases, and toxic materials and wastes, regulation and legislation, government role, risk management routines, emergency preparedness, disaster planning and management. BOOKS:
1. H. H. Tawcatt & W S Wood, Safety and Accident Prevention in Chemical Operations. 2. R. V. Betrabet and T. P. S. Rajan in CHEMTECH-I, Safety in Chemical Industry, Chemical Engineering 3. Wells, Safety in Process Plant Design. 4. Less, P. Frank, Loss Prevention in Process Industries. 5. J. Lolb & S. Roy Sterm, Product Safety and Liability.

CH 801 ENERGY RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT(3:1:0)

UNIT 1 Renewable energy sources. Prospects of Renewable energy sources; Solar energy fundamentals and application; Geothermal energy: Introduction, Utilization of Geothermal energy, Geothermal energy resources, geothermal gradient, Different types of Geothermal Electric power plant and their operations for Geothermal Energy systems in India; UNIT II Wind energy: Fundamentals and application, Basic principles of Wind Energy Conversion, Wind Energy conversion system, Performance of wind machines, Electric generation for wind; Biomass Energy Resources: Introduction, Biomass Conversion Process. Biogas from plant wastes, communities bio-gas plants. Biochemical conversion, Fermentation, liquid fuels for biomass; Urban Waste: A source of Energy. Urban solid waste, waste incineration process. Environmental consideration, Fluidized bed combustion boilers for burning solid waste and fossil fuels; Energy from the oceans: UNIT III

Introduction Ocean Energy conversion Technologies. Types of Ocean Thermal Electric Power Generation system and their operation. Tidal power plant; Hydro Energy: Introduction, types hyd ro-electric plants and energy conversion scheme, Impulse turbine and Reaction turbine. UNIT IV Solid fuels: Coal origin, Chemical composition, Calorific value, Classifications, Characteristics and Distribution of Indian coals, Storage and spontaneous combustion of coal, Coal washing and blending, Petographic constituents of coal, Carbonization of coal, Manufacture and properties of metallurgical coke, Recovery of byproducts; Liquid fuels: Origin and composition of crude oil, Crude oil distillation and it s products with special reference to gasoline, kerosene and diesel oil, Cracking and reforming, Coal tar distillation products, Shale oil; Testing of oils, viscosity, flash point, pour point, aniline point, carbon residue, Diesel index, octane and cetane number ,moisture content. UNIT V Gaseous fuels: Natural gas, Coal gas, Coke oven and blast furnace gas, Manufacture of water gas and producer gas, Carbureted water gas; Synthetic fuels: Hydrogenation of coal, Fischer Tropsch synthesis; Introduction to nuclear fuels and nuclear reactors, fuels, Moderators and structural materials, Combustion: Combustion of solid fuels, Pulverized coal, Calculation of volumes and weights of air necessary for combustion of fuels, Gas analysis. Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

S. Rao and Dr. B.B. Parulekar, Energy Technology, Non convential, Renewable and Conventional, Khanna Publishers. G.D. Rai, Non-conventional Energy Sources, Khanna Publishers. S. Sarkar, Fuels and Combustion. Sangam books Ltd (Imported) Himus, Elements of Fuel technology. J. Brame and King, Fuels: Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2007. O. P. Gupta, Elements of Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories.

CH 851 ENERGY LAB & ENVIRONMENTAL LAB (0:0:3) 1. 1 Determination of composting of the supplied sample of Coal by Proximate Analysis. 3. Determination of Caking Index of the supplied sample of Coal by Grey campredon method. 4. To determine the washability characteristics of the supplied sample of Coal using Float and Sink test. 5. To find the effect of temperature on viscosity of the supplied samples of liquid fuel using Red wood viscometer. 6. To find the effect of temperature on viscosity of the supplied samples of lubricating oil using Englers viscometer. 7. To find the Flash and Fire point of the supplied samples of liquid fuel using (i.) Penslery Martein closed cup apparatus (ii.) Abel open cup apparatus. 8. To find the Aniline point of the supplied samples of liquid fuels using Aniline point apparatus and hence find out the Diesel Index Number of the Diesel oil. 9. To find the Carbon Residue of the supplied sample of lubricating oil / oil mixture using Conradson apparatus.

10. To find the moisture content of the supplied samples of liquid fuel / Crude oil using Dean and Stark apparatus. 11. To find the Pour point and Solidfication point of the supplied samples of liquid fuels. 12. To find the Calorific value of LPG using (i.) Boy.s Gas calorimeter (ii.) Junkers Gas calorimeter. 13. To find the composition of the gas using Gas Chromatograph and hence determine the percent of excess air used for combustion of the fuel used. 14. To determine the ultimate analysis of the supplied sample of coal and hence find the theoretical GCU of given coal. 15. To determine the Swelling Index of the supplied sample of coal and ascertain the agglomerating characteristics of the coal sample. 16. To determine the Gross calorific value of the supplied sample of coal using Bomb Calorimeter (on ash free basis). 17. To determine the Smoke Point of kerosene oil using Smoke Point Apparatus