Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

BOOK 2- ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THERMAL UTILITIES Table of Contents

Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 FUELS AND COMBUSTION Introduction to Fuels Properties of Liquid Fuels Properties of Coal Properties of Gaseous Fuels Properties of Agro Residues Combustion Combustion of Oil Combustion of Coal Combustion of Gas Draft System Combustion Controls BOILERS Introduction Boiler Systems Boiler Types and Classifications Performance Evaluation of Boilers Boiler Blowdown Boiler Water Treatment Energy Conservation Opportunities Case Study 27 28 29 33 39 41 47 52 01 01 06 12 14 15 16 22 22 24 25

3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9

STEAM SYSTEM Introduction Properties of Steam Steam Distribution Steam Pipe Sizing and Design Proper Selection, Operation and Maintenance of Steam Traps Performance Assessment Methods for Steam Traps Energy Saving Opportunities FURNACES Types and Classification of Different Furnaces Performance Evaluation of a Typical Furnace General Fuel Economy Measures in Furnaces Case Study INSULATION AND REFRACTORIES Purpose of Insulation Types and Application Calculation of Insulation Thickness Economic Thickness of Insulation(ETI) Simplified Formula for Heat Loss Calculation Refractories Properties of Refractories Classification of Refractories Typical Refractories in Industrial Use 120 120 122 124 127 128 129 131 132 139 139 89 96 105 117 55 55 58 59 62 73 75

5.10 Selection of Refractories 5.11 Heat Losses from Furnace Walls

6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9

FBC BOILERS Introduction Mechanism of Fluidised Bed Combustion Types of Fluidised Bed Combustion Boilers Retrofitting of FBC Systems to Conventional Boilers Advantages of Fluidised Bed Combustion Boilers COGENERATION Need for Cogeneration Principle of Cogeneration Technical Options for Cogeneration Classification of Cogeneration Systems Factors Influencing Cogeneration Choice Important Technical Parameters for Cogeneration Prime Movers for Cogeneration Typical Cogeneration Performance Parameters Relative Merits of Cogeneration Systems 155 155 156 159 160 161 164 168 168 169 143 143 145 151 152

7.10 Case Study 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 WASTE HEAT RECOVERY Introduction Classification and Application Benefits of Waste Heat Recovery Development of a Waste Heat Recovery System Commercial Waste Heat Recovery Devices ANNEXURE Checklists & Tips for Energy Efficiency in Thermal Utilities

173 174 176 177 177

190

Похожие интересы