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The Summary of Tenses

N o Tenses Verbal Sentence Patterns + 1 Simple Present Tense ? + 2 Present Continuous Tense ? + 3 Present Perfect Tense ? + ? + 5 Simple Past Tense ? + 6 Past Continuous Tense ? + 7 Past Perfect Tense ? + 8 Past Perfect Continuous Tense ? + 9 Simple Future Tense ? + 10 Future Continuous Tense ? + 11 Future Perfect Tense ? + 12 Future Perfect Continuous Tense ? + 13 Simple Past Future Tense ? S + (s/es) + V-1 + O S + do/does + not + V-1 + O Do/Does + S + V-1 + O ? S + is/am/are + V-ing + O S + is/am/are + not + V-ing + O Is/Am/Are + S + V-ing + O ? S + have/has + V-3 + O S + have/has + not + V-3 + O Have/Has + S + V-3 + O ? S + have/has + been + V-ing + O S + have/has + not + been + V-ing + O Have/Has + S + been + V-ing + O ? S + V-2 + O S + did + not + V-1 + O Did + S + V-1 + O ? S + was/were + V-ing + O S + was/were + not + V-ing + O Was/were + S + V-ing + O ? S + had + V-3 + O S + had + not + V-3 + O Had + S + V-3 + O ? S + had + been + V-ing + O S + had + not + been + V-ing + O Had + S + been + V-ing + O ? S + will/shall + V-1 + O S + will/shall + not + V-1 + O Will/Shall + S + V-1 + O ? S + will/shall + be + V-ing + O S + will/shall + not + be + V-ing + O Will/Shall + S + be + V-ing + O ? S + will/shall + have + V-3 + O S + will/shall + not + have + V-3 + O Will/Shall + S + have + V-3 + O ? S + will/shall + have + been + V-ing + O S + will/shall + not + have + been + V-ing +O Will/Shall + S + have + been + V-ing + O ? S + would/should + V-1 + O S + would/should + not + V-1 + O Wouls/Should + S + V-1 + O ? Examples Nominal Sentence Patterns Examples

She speaks English We dont speak English Does she speak English? She is Writing a letter She isnt writing a lett er Is She writing a letter? They have eaten rice They havent eaten rice Have they eaten rice? He has been studying English He hasnt been studying English Has He been studying English ? He bought a car yesterday He didnt buy a car yesterday Did He buy a car yesterday? He was singing a song He wasnt singing a song Was he singing a song? He had bought a ticket He hadnt bought a ticket Had he bought a ticket? She had been frying a chicken She hadnt been frying a chicken Had she been frying a chicken ? He will take his bag He wont take his bag Will he take his bag ? She will be singing a song She wont be singing a song Will she be singing a song ? He will have eaten this morning He wont have eaten this morning Will he have eaten this morning ? They will have been watching TV They wont have been watching TV Will they have been watching TV ? They would watch TV They wouldnt watch TV Would they watch TV?

+ ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ? + ?

S + is/am/are + C S + is/am/are + not + C Is/Am/Are + S + C ? S + is/am/are + (being) + C S + is/am/are + not + (being) + C Is/Am/Are + S + (being) + C ? S + have/has + been + C S + have/has + not + been + C Have/has + S + been + C ? S + have/has + been + (being) + C S + have/has + not + been + (being) + C Have/Has + S + been + (being) + C ? S + was/were + C S + was/were + not + C Was/Were + S + C ? S + was/were + (being) + C S + was/were + not + (being) + C Was/Were + S +(being) + C ? S + had + been + C S + had + not + been + C Had + S + been + C ? S + had + been + (being) + C S + had + not + been + (being) + C Had + S + been + (being) + C ? S + will/shall + be + C S + will/shall + not + be + C Will/Shall + S + be + C ? S + will/shall + be + (being) + C S + will/shall + not + be + (being) + C Will/Shall + S + be + (being) + C ? S + will/shall + have + been + C S + will/shall + not + have + been + C Will/Shall + S + have + been + C ? S + will/shall + have + been + (being) + C S + will/shall + not + have + been + (being) + C Will/Shall + S + have + been + (being) + C? S + would/should + be + C S + would/should + not + be + C Would/Should + S + be + C ?

We are happy We are not happy Are we happy? She is (being) smart She isnt (being) smart Is She (being) smart? They have been ready They havent been ready Have they been ready? He has been (being) smart He hasnt been (being) smart Has He been (being) smart ? She was sad last night She wasnt sad last night Was She sad last night? He was (being) sick He wasnt (being) sick Was he (being) sick ? He had been brave He hadnt been brave Had he been brave? He had been (being) honest He hadnt been (being) honest Had he been (being) honest ? He will be curious He wont be curious Will he be curious ? She will be (being) happy She wont be (being) happy Will she be (being) happy ? She will have been clever She wont have been clever Will she have been clever ? They will have been (being) clever They wont have been (being) clever Will they have been (being) clever ? They would be clever They wouldnt be clever Would they be clever ?

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

+ 14 Past Future Continuous Tense ? + 15 Past Future Perfect Tense ? + ?

S + would/should + be + V-ing + O S + would/should + not + be + V-ing + O Would/Should + S + be + V-ing + O ? S + would/should + have + V-3 + O S + would/should + not + have + V-3 + O Would/Should + S + have + V-3 + O ? S + would/should + have + been + V-ing + O S + would/should + not + have + been + Ving + O Would/Should + S + have + been + V-ing + O?

They would be watching TV They wouldnt be watching TV Would they be watching TV ? They would have watched TV They wouldnt have watched TV Would they have watched TV ? They would have been watching TV They wouldnt have been watching TV Would they have been watching TV ?

+ ? + ? + ?

S + would/should + be + (being) + C S + would/should + not + be + (being) + C Would/Should + S + be + (being) + C ? S + Would/should + have + been + C S + would/should + not + have + been + C Would/should + S + have + been + C ? S + would/should + have + been + (being) +C S + would/should + not + have + been + (being) + C Would/Should + S + have + been + (being) + C ?

They would be (being) clever They wouldnt be (being) clever Would they be (being) clever ? They would have been clever They wouldnt have been clever Would they have been clever ? They would have been (being) clever They wouldnt have been (being) clever Would they have been (being) clever ? www.warisanhati.wordpress.com

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Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Ket: S = Subyek O = Obyek V = Verb C = Adjective, Noun, Adverb Reference: Hadi S., S.Pd. 2008. Undang-undang Tenses. Cetakan ke- III