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Volume IV Section 2 Chapter 2.

3
ZXSDR BS8700 Product Description

ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

ZXSDR B8700 Product Description


Version V4.1 Date 2011-01-15 Author Approved By Remarks

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to change without notice.

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Overview 1 2 Product Highlights.....................................................................................................................3 3 Functionality...............................................................................................................................4 3.1 Basic Functions.........................................................................................................................4 3.2 Service Functions......................................................................................................................5 4 System Architecture..................................................................................................................7 4.1 Product Physical Structure........................................................................................................7 4.2 Hardware Architecture..............................................................................................................7 4.2.1 Baseband Unit....................................................................................................................9 4.2.2 Radio Unit.........................................................................................................................16 4.3 Software Architecture..............................................................................................................22 4.4 External Interface...................................................................................................................23 5 Technical Indices.....................................................................................................................24 6 Operation and Maintenance....................................................................................................26 7 Configuration Principles..........................................................................................................29 7.1 Baseband Unit Configuration Principles..................................................................................29 7.2 Radio Unit Configuration Principles.........................................................................................29 7.3 GSM Single Mode Configuration Principles............................................................................30 7.3.1 R8860/R8860E configuration............................................................................................30 7.4 UMTS Single Mode Configuration Principles..........................................................................30 7.4.1 R8840/R8880 configuration..............................................................................................30 7.4.2 R8860/R8860E configuration............................................................................................31 7.4.3 R8890 configuration..........................................................................................................31 7.5 GSM/UMTS Dual Mode Configuration Principles....................................................................31 7.5.1 GSM 850M/900M/1800M/1900M and UMTS 850M/900M/1800M/1900M Dual-Mode Network in Same Spectrum....................................................................................31 7.5.2 GSM 850M/900M/1800M/1900M and UMTS 2100M Dual-Mode Network in Different Spectrums..............................................................................................................32 8 Acronyms and Abbreviation...................................................................................................33 35

II

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FIGURES

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III

ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Conventional GSM/EDGE/UMTS Network System.....................................................................1 ZTE SDR BS Composed GSM/UMTS Network............................................................................1 Networking Diagram (B8200, RNC/BSC and RRU).....................................................................2 In chain and loop networking mode, 4 RRU can be maximally cascaded and the maximal distance is 100 Km; The maximal distance between BBU and first RRU can reach 40 Km. Usually its kindly suggested no more than 10 Km....................................................................2 Example of ZXSDR BS8700 Physical Structures........................................................................7 BS8700 Hardware Structure ........................................................................................................8 Baseband Unit of BS8700.............................................................................................................9 CC Panel 9

UBPG Panel.................................................................................................................................11 BPC Panel 11 FS Panel. SA Panel SE Panel 12 13 13

NIS Panel. 14 PM Panel 15

FAM Panel 15 R8840 Physical Appearance.......................................................................................................16 R8840 External Interfaces..........................................................................................................17 R8860/R8860E Physical Appearance.........................................................................................18 R8860/R8860E External Interfaces.............................................................................................18 R8880 Physical Appearance.......................................................................................................19 R8880 External Interfaces..........................................................................................................20 R88890 Physical Appearance.....................................................................................................21 R8890 External Interfaces..........................................................................................................21 BS8700 Software Structure........................................................................................................22 NetNumen M31 Elements Management System.......................................................................26

IV

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TABLES
Mechanical Sizes of ZXSDR BS8700...........................................................................................7 Main Board List of Baseband Unit...............................................................................................9 Table of CC Panel Interfaces......................................................................................................10 Table of FS Panel Interfaces .....................................................................................................12 Table of SA Panel Interfaces......................................................................................................13 Table of SE Panel Interfaces .....................................................................................................14 Table of NIS Panel Interfaces.....................................................................................................14 Table of PM Panel Interfaces .....................................................................................................15 R8840 External Interface............................................................................................................17 Description of External interfaces.............................................................................................18 Description of External interfaces.............................................................................................20 Description of External interfaces.............................................................................................21 Description of ZXSDR BS8700 External Interfaces..................................................................23 ZXSDR BS8700 Technical Indices.............................................................................................24 ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration for GSM Single Mode (Multi-carrier).......................................30 ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode (R8840/R8880).........................................30 ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode (R8860/R8860E).......................................31 ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode .................................................................31 BS8700 Configuration for G/U Dual-Mode (Same Spectrum)..................................................31 BS8700 Configuration for G/U Dual-Mode (Different Spectrums)..........................................32

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2G BSS Only

Overview

BSC

In general, GSM/EDGE/UMTS system consists of Core Network (CN), Radio Network (GERAN/UTRAN) and Mobile Station/User Equipment (MS/UE). GERAN/UTRAN includes 2 network elements, base station and BSC/RNC. The conventional 2G/3G BS connects to BSC/RNC via Abis/Iub interface. Figure 1 shows a conventional GSM/EDGE/UMTS network system.
MGW GSM MS Node B BS 3G UTRAN Only MSCS PSTN

HLR RNC UMTS UE RNC Node B SGSN GGSN IP Network

Figure 1

Conventional GSM/EDGE/UMTS Network System

In Figure 1, GPRS/EDGE and UTRAN are two separated radio networks. When ZTE 2G/3G dual-mode base station is introduced, the 2G/3G radio networks will be converged into one and this will decrease the network construction cost greatly. The GSM/UMTS integrated network is shown in the following Figure 2.
SDR BS flexibly configured as a GSM and UMTS system with only software configuration Software Defined Radio for both G/U systems MGW MSCS PSTN

GSM MS

SDR BS BSC/RNC BSC/RNC UMTS UE SDR BS SGSN

HLR

IP Network GGSN

Figure 2

ZTE SDR BS Composed GSM/UMTS Network

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The purpose of this document is to describe the new-generation distributed Software Defined Radio (SDR) base station ZXSDR BS8700 (hereafter BS8700), which consists of the core BBU (B8200) and series RRUs. BS8700 is based on the ZTE unified MicroTCA platform and adopting MCPA technology radio part, to be the new type of ZTE mobile BS. This revolutionary BS platform supports all kinds of wireless access technology including GSM, UMTS, CDMA2000 WiMAX and LTE. ZXSDR BS8700 can be divided into different types of distributed BS through connecting with different RRUs, according to different networking modes and coverage scenarios.
B8200+R8860/R8860E: Dual mode macro distributed base station, mainly used for outdoor and indoor GSM/UMTS dual mode coverage. B8200+ R8840/R8880/R8890: UMTS mode macro distributed base station, mainly used for outdoor and indoor UMTS mode coverage.

B8200 provides Iub/Abis interfaces with several types of physical interface such as E1/T1, STM-1, FE and GE to connect with RNC/BSC and CPRI interfaces to connect with RRUs. B8200 supports IP transmission and hybrid transport. B8200 provides at most 12 pairs of CPRI optical interfaces to RRUs. B8200 and RRU can support!star, chain and mixed networking. In star networking, 12 optical interfaces can connect to 12 RRUs. In chain networking, RRU can cascade up to 4 levels. The networking diagram including B8200, RNC/BSC and RRU is shown in .

FE/GE

Figure 3

Networking Diagram (B8200, RNC/BSC and RRU)

In chain and loop networking mode, 4 RRU can be maximally cascaded and the maximal distance is 100 Km; The maximal distance between BBU and first RRU can reach 40 Km. Usually its kindly suggested no more than 10 Km.

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In the following chapter, a general description will be given to GSM/UMTS dual mode Base Station ZXSDR BS8700.

Product Highlights
ZXSDR BS8700 (hereafter BS8700) is the multi-carrier, dual-mode distributed base station of ZXSDR BS series. By adopting advanced MicroTCA platform and SDR technology, BS8700 can support!GPRS/EDGE/E-EDGE and UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ simultaneously. In the future evolution to LTE, only change baseband processing board and software upgrade. Its main advantage is the flexibility which brings the possibility to support!GSM and UMTS on a single base station. Compared with traditional base station, ZXSDR BS8700 has following highlight features: Series RRUs, suitable for multi indoor and outdoor coverage scenarios. Series RRUs with high output power, including R8840, R8860/R8860E, R8880 and R8890. RRU - Compact Design, Light, Easy Installation RRU (R8840) is only 19 liters in volume and 16.5kg in weight under typical power output. It can be mounted on the pole, the wall, the tower top, etc. Natural cooling without fan. No dedicated equipment space is required, easy for site selection, fast network deployment. RRU Installed Near Antenna, Saving Feeder Loss, Enhancing Coverage Series RRU can be remotely installed near the antenna system to lower the feeder loss. The coverage gain can reach more than 3dB compared with traditional macro base station.

BBU - Plug-in Design for Shelf, Zero Footprint, Convenient Deployment B8200 adopts Plug-in design with 19 inch, 2U in height and 8.75 kg in weight. It can be conveniently mounted on the wall, ground, or in the 19 inch rack, etc.

Shared Baseband Resources, Dynamic Traffic Adjustment Suitable for traffic transferring dynamically or outburst areas, such as CBD, uptown or beauty spots, avoiding resources waste.

Various Interfaces, Flexible Networking ATM/IP dual protocol stacks, providing with various interfaces such as E1/T1/STM1/GE etc. It supports SDH networking, hybrid transmission and all-IP networking.

G/U dual-mode Configuration, Smoothly Evolve to Future Network Supports GSM/GPRS/EDGE/ E-EDGE/UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+.

Multi-Carriers and Multi-Frequencies

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R8860/R8860E has the capability to support!6 GSM TRX or 4 UMTS carriers. If GSM and UMTS are configured at the same spectrum, each radio unit supports 4 GSM TRX + 1 UMTS carrier.

3
3.1

Functionality
Basic Functions
BS8700 supports the following basic functions on Um/Uu, Abis/Iub and O&M interfaces.
On Um/Uu interface, BS8700 supports UE access and radio link transmission including RF processing, channel coding and decoding, channel multiplexing and de-multiplexing, measuring and reporting, power control, transmit diversity, receiving diversity, calibration and synchronization. Via Abis/Iub interface, BS8700 connects with BSC/RNC and supports the following functions including cell management, BS measurement information report, system Information broadcast, access control implementation from BSC/RNC, mobility management, radio resource management and control, FP process and ATM transmission management. On operating and maintenance interface, BS8700 provides system management functions including configuration management, alarm management, status check and system monitor.

Besides, BS8700 provides following functions:


Supports GSM Phase I/GSM Phase II/GSM Phase II plus standards. Supports 3GPP R99, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8. Supports GSM/UMTS 900MHz, EGSM 900MHz, GSM/UMTS 850MHz GSM/UMTS 1800MHz, GSM/UMTS 1900MHz, UMTS 2100MHz. BS8700 supports GSM channel spacing at least 200KHz, and supports UTMS working on bandwidth at least 3.8MHz and WCDMA/LTE 20MHz. Supports socket-independent boards installation to support!different frequencies in the same cabinet. Supports CS1~CS4 of GPRS, MCS1~MCS9 of EDGE. Supports reduced TTI, fast ACK/NACK reporting, MS receive diversity, downlink dual carriers and EGPRS2-A of E-EDGE. Supports dynamically changing channel coding according to monitoring and measurement results. Supports space diversity, frequency diversity, time diversity, polarization diversity and maximum ratio combination diversity.

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The receiving part adopts Viterbi algorithm for coding to improve Channel decoding capability and system receiving sensitivity. Supports frequency hopping. Supports DTX sending and decreasing transmitting power, lowering the total interference in the air. Supports common BCCH; different carriers can be used for different services and they share the same BCCH.

3.2

Service Functions
BS8700 supports the following services:

GSM/GPRS/EDGE/E-EDGE: FR: Full Rate voice service EFR: Enhanced Full Rate voice service HR: Half Rate voice service AMR: Adaptive Multi Rate voice service F9.6: 9.6Kbit/s CS domain data service GPRS/EDGE/E-EDGE

Location service: Support!Cell ID, Cell ID+RTT and AGPS location services

R99 service: CS domain service: 8 Kinds of AMR voice service, CS 64Kbps PS domain service: UL/DL 64Kbps, UL/DL 128Kbps, UL/DL 384Kbps Concurrent service: CS domain (AMR 12.2Kbps, CS 64Kbps) + PS domain (64Kbps, 128Kbps, 384Kbps)

HSDPA Service: Support!Data rate 14.4Mbps Support!15 codes Support!HSDPA and R99 on both independent and shared carriers

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Support!intra-frequency, inter-frequency handover and handover between HSDPA and R99 Support!concurrent services Support!streaming services

HSUPA Service: Supporting 5.76Mbps uplink data rate

MBMS Service: Support!broadcast and multicast functions, multicast supports PtP and PtM Support!mobility management Support!streaming, background MBMS services

HSPA+ Service: 21.6Mpbs Downlink data with 64QAM 28.8Mpbs Downlink data with 16QAM + 2*2 MIMO 43.2Mpbs Downlink data with 64QAM + Dual Cell combination

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4
4.1

System Architecture
Product Physical Structure
ZXSDR BS8700 consists of the BBU (B8200) and series of RRUs. The physical structures of ZXSDR BS8700 in different combinations are shown in :

Figure 4

Example of ZXSDR BS8700 Physical Structures

Mechanical sizes of ZXSDR BS8700 in different combinations are shown in following .


Table 1 Mechanical Sizes of ZXSDR BS8700 Height (mm) 88.4 370 370 420 385 Width (mm) 482.6 320 320 340 452 Depth (mm) 197 160 197 140 155 Weight (Kg) 8.75 16.5 20 20 28

Mechanical Size B8200 R8840 R8860/R8860E R8880 R8890

4.2

Hardware Architecture
BS8700 hardware architecture is shown in .

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Baseband Unit BB (UBPG /BPC) FS E1 STM-1 GE/FE SA/ SE/ NIS

Antenna

CPRI RRU Radio Unit

CC

RF Unit

Control Signaling Clock Data

Figure 5

BS8700 Hardware Structure

The BBU of ZXSDR BS8700 can be configured in GSM/UMTS single mode and G/U dual-mode. It supports up to 30 CS in UMTS single mode, providing 1920 CE base-band processing capability DL/UL separately, up to 60 TRX in GSM single mode. There are 4 kinds of ZXSDR BS8700 RRUs:

R8840 2 receiving paths and 1 transmitting path (1T2R). Each one can support!1 sector in UMTS on 2100MHz/AWS. Its output power achieves 60W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8840 can support!3 carriers when it ensures 20W output power for each carrier. R8860/R8860E 2 receiving paths and 1 transmitting path (1T2R). Each one can support!1 sector in GSM/UMTS on 850/900/1800/1900MHz. Its output power achieves 80W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8860/R8860E can support!4 carriers when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. R8880 2 receiving paths and 2 transmitting paths. Each one can support!2*2 MIMO in HSPA+ mode on 2100MHz. Its output power achieves up to 2*60W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8880 can be configured as UMTS mode. R8880 can support!3 carriers when it ensures the 2*20W output power for each carrier. R8890 6 receiving paths and 3 transmitting paths (3T6R). Each one can support!3 sectors in UMTS mode on 2100MHz. Its output power achieves up to 3*60W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8890 can support!3 carriers 3 sectors when it ensures 20W output power for each CS.

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4.2.1

Baseband Unit
Baseband unit in BS8700 is responsible for processing the baseband signals.

PM

FSS

UBPG/BPC FAM

SA CC

Figure 6

Baseband Unit of BS8700

The Baseband unit consists of control & clock board, fabric switch board, baseband processing board, site alarm board (optional), site alarm extension board, network Interface of STM-1 board (optional), power module, and fan module.
Table 2 Main Board List of Baseband Unit Board Name CC FS UBPG BPC SA SE NIS PM FAM Function Description Control & Clock Board Fabric Switch Board Universal Baseband Processing board for GSM Base band Processing Board Type C for UMTS Site Alarm Board Site alarm Extension Board Network Interface of STM-1 Board Power Module FAN Module

4.2.1.1

Control & Clock Board (CC)


CC is control and clock board, used for control and management of baseband unit, providing Ethernet and system clock. The CC panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 7

CC Panel

Description of CC panel interfaces is shown in 4.2.1.

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Table 3 Table of CC Panel Interfaces Interface Name ETH0 ETH1 TX/RX EXT REF Description Ethernet interface between BS8700 and BSC/RNC, adapting interface of 10M/100M/1000M. Ethernet interface used for cascading, debugging or local maintenance, adapting interface of 10M/100M/1000M. Used for Ethernet interface connection between BS8700 and BSC/RNC. This interface is 100M/1000M Ethernet optical interface. External communication port, connected to external receiver, Mainly 485PP1S+/2M+ interfaces. External connection GPS antenna, SMA(F) interface

Control & clock board functions are as follows:


Ethernet switching function, implementing data switching for service and control flow within the system Abis/Iub interface protocol processing Monitoring, controlling and maintaining of the base station system, providing LMT interface Managing software versions of boards and programmable components, and supporting local and remote software upgrade Supervising the running status of each board within the system Synchronizing with various external reference clocks, including the Abis/Iub interface recovery clock, the GPS clock and the clock provided by BITS; The CS can select one according to the actual configuration. Generating and delivering the clock signal demanded by each part Providing GPS receiver interface and managing the GPS receiver Providing a real-time clock for system operation and maintenance; the real-time clock can be calibrated The board power interface (-48V, -48V ground, protection ground, digital ground) has reverse connection protection function Reading various hardware management marks in the system, including the rack number, backplane type number, slot number, board function type, board version, and board function configuration mark Supporting Control & Clock boards load sharing or primary/slave switchover. The load sharing and primary/slave switchover mode can be set by software configuration.

4.2.1.2

UBPG Board
UBPG is the GSM baseband processing board. It processes the physical layer protocol and frame protocol specified by 3GPP. UBPG panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

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Figure 8

UBPG Panel

UBPG main function as follows:


Achieving rate adaptation, channel coding, interleaving, encryption, generate TDMA shock burst, GMSK/8PSK modulation, IQ baseband digital signals output. Achieving uplink IQ data receiving, receiver diversity combiner, digital demodulation (GMSK&8PSK, equilibrium), decryption, deinterleaving, demodulator, rate adaptation, GE Ethernet interface transmit it to CC board for processing. Radio link synchronization, transmission frame processing Measuring parameters required in power control and handover Diversified transmission and receiving Communicating with CS via Ethernet interface Reading all the hardware management identifiers, including the backplane type number, slot number, board function type, board version, board function configuration identifier, and the CPU serial number.

4.2.1.3

BPC Board
BPC is the UMTS baseband processing board. It processes the physical layer protocol and frame protocol specified by 3GPP. BPC panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 9

BPC Panel

BPC hasnt external interface, its main function as follows:


Achieving downlink baseband signal processing, including downlink data coding, multiplexing, rate adaptation, channel mapping, spread spectrum and scrambling power regulation and channel compositing. Achieving uplink baseband signal processing, including uplink data RAKE receiving, demodulator, transmitting the data to lub interface for processing.

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Downlink data coding/multiplexing, rate matching, channel mapping, spreading and scrambling, power adjusting, and channel compositing. Uplink signal RAKE receiving and channel decoding Radio link synchronization and Frame processing Measuring parameters required in power control and handover Softer handover and carrier diversity. Communicating with the CS via the Ethernet interface Reading all the hardware management identifiers, including the backplane type number, slot number, board function type, board version, board function configuration identifier, and the CPU serial number

4.2.1.4

Fabric Switch Board (FS)


FS is fabric switch board which provide baseband optical interface between BBU and RRU and process the IQ signal, and provide CPRI interfaces to connect with RRUs. FS panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 10 FS Panel.

Description of FS panel interfaces


Table 4 Table of FS Panel Interfaces Interface Name TX0 RX0TX5 RX5 Description 6 pairs optical interfaces, connected to RRU

The FS has the following functions:


Receive the signal from the rear board in the downlink and retrieve the data and timing. Multiplex the received data and retrieve I/Q signal I/Q mapping in the downlink and multiplex I/Q signal to the optical signals. Receive the I/Q in uplink and demultiplex/mapping into I/Q signal The multiplexed I/Q signal transmit to BP

12

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Exchange CPU interface signaling through HDLC interface with RU module MicroTCA protocol based module management function

4.2.1.5

Site Alarm Board (SA)


SA is a site alarm board, illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 11 SA Panel Description of SA panel interface is shown in Table 5.

Table 5 Table of SA Panel Interfaces Interface Name Description 8 E1/T1 interfaces, 1 RS485, 1RS232 interface, 6+2 dry contacts ( 6 input interfaces, 2 input&output interfaces )

The SA has the following functions:


Provide E1/T1 transmission interfaces for Iub. Provide site alarm monitoring interfaces. Provide FAM's alarm and rate control.

4.2.1.6

Site alarm Extension Board (SE)


SE is site alarm extension board, and SE panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 12 SE Panel

Description of SE panel interfaces is shown in Table 6.


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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Table 6 Table of SE Panel Interfaces Interface Name Description 8 E1/T1 interfaces, 1 RS485, 1RS232 interface, 6+2 dry contacts ( 6 input interfaces, 2 input&output interfaces )

SE shares the bottom-right slot with UBPG/BPC and has the following functions:
Provide E1/T1 transmission interfaces for Iub. Provide site alarm monitoring interfaces.

It is used to extend the port number if SA can not fulfill the requirements.

4.2.1.7

Network Interface of STM-1 board(NIS)


NIS is STM-1 network interface board, and NIS panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 13 NIS Panel.

Description of NIS panel interfaces is shown in Table 7.


Table 7 Table of NIS Panel Interfaces Interface Name Description 2 STM-1

The NIS has the following functions:


2 STM-1fiber interfaces, support!spending processing, mapping and mapping solutions, space-division overlapping, support!21 E1 or 28 T1 most greatly to the STM-1 mapping. Support!the ADM/TM working. Support!the AU3/AU4 mapping way. Support the APS protection function.

4.2.1.8

Power Module (PM)


PM is power module, and PM panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

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Figure 14 PM Panel

Description of PM panel interface is shown in 4.2.1.


Table 8 Table of PM Panel Interfaces Interface Name MON -48V/-48VRTN Description Debugging interface, RS232 interface -48V input

The PM has the following functions:


16 internal interfaces for +12 V load power; 16 internal interfaces for +3.3 V management power; EMMC management; Measurement and protection of input over-voltage/under-voltage; Output over-current protection and load power management.

4.2.1.9

Fan Array Module (FAM)


FAM is fan array module which panel is illustrated in 4.2.1.

Figure 15 FAM Panel

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

The FAM main functions are as follows:


System temperature monitor and control; Monitor, control, and report!of fan state.

4.2.2

Radio Unit
Radio unit main process the conversion between baseband signals and RF signals. In the BS8700, radio unit has four kinds, respectively are: R8840, R8860/R8860E, R8880 and R8890. R8840 is the UMTS only radio frequency module, which works in UMTS on 2100MHz. R8860/R8860E is the multi-carrier radio frequency module, which can work in GSM only, UMTS only or G/U dual mode via software configuration. R8880 is the UMTS only radio frequency module, and each module supports 2*2 MIMO in UMTS mode on 2100MHz. R8890 is UMTS only radio frequency module, which support! 3 sectors on 2100MHz. The following will show the details. In the BS8700, CFR(Crest Factor Reduction)algorithm, DPD(Digital Pre-Distortion) algorithm and Advanced-Doherty PA technique are adopted to improve PA linearity and EVM/RCDE performance, the output power is not affected by modulation mode.

4.2.2.1

R8840
R8840 is a UMTS multi-carrier radio unit, working on 2100MHz/AWS, supporting upgrade to LTE via software upgrade. R8840 supports maximum 4 carriers, the output power is 60W. R8840 module consists of MCPA (multi-carrier power module) module, transceiver module, duplex filter LNA and RPWAC/DC (Power for AC or DC). There are one TX/RX port!and one RX port!for connecting antenna. R8840 employs compact cabinet design, as shown in Figure 16. Dimension of R8840 is 370320160mm (HWD).

Figure 16 R8840 Physical Appearance

The external interfaces of R8840 system are integrated at the bottom of the equipment, as shown in Figure 17. The interface description is shown in the following table.

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Figure 17 R8840 External Interfaces

Table 9 R8840 External Interface S.N. 1 2 3 4 5 Label LC1 LC2 AISG Monitor PWR Interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface AISG interface External device interface Power supply interface Interface Type / Connector LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) 8-core aerial socket (IEC 60130-9-ED) 37-pin aerial socket AC interface: Connector XCE18T3K1P1-02+FJJP1-7.5 Cable section area: 3*1mm2 DC interface: Connector XCG18T4K1P1-01+XC18FJJP1-10.5 Cable section area: 4*1.5mm2 50 N-mode connector 50 N-mode connector N-KY (MIL-C-39012 or IEC169-16) N-KY (MIL-C-39012 or IEC169-16) Cable section area: 16mm2

6 7 8 9 10

RX RX/TX RXout RXin GND

Interface to receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive main diversity RF cable Frequency extension interface Frequency extension interface Equipment grounding

4.2.2.2

R8860/R8860E
R8860/R8860E is multi-carrier RF module, working on 850/900/1800/1900MHz, supporting upgrade to LTE via software upgrade. R8860/R8860E can be configured as GSM only, UMTS only or mixed mode module. R8860/R8860E can be configured to 1 to 6 TRX in GSM mode. In case of GMSK modulation, 80W TOC output power can be provided. If R8860/R8860E is used as UMTS mode, it can support!4 carriers with 80W

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

TOC output power. In mixed mode, R8860/R8860E can support!4 GSM TRX and 1 UMTS carriers or 2 GSM TRX and 2 UMTS carriers. R8860/R8860E module consists of MCPA module, transceiver module, and duplex filter LNA. There are one TX/RX port!and one RX port!for connecting antenna. R8860/R8860E employs compact cabinet design, as shown in Figure 18. Dimension of R8860/R8860E is 370320197 mm (HWD).

Figure 18 R8860/R8860E Physical Appearance

R8860/R8860E external interface locates at the bottom of the cabinet, as shown in 4.2.2. The interface description is shown in Table 10.

Figure 19 R8860/R8860E External Interfaces

Table 10 Description of External interfaces S.N. 1 2 Label LC1 LC2 Interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface BBU and RRU Interface Interface Type / Connector LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874)

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S.N. 3 4 5

Label AISG Mon PWR

Interface /RRU cascading interface AISG interface External device interface Power supply interface

Interface Type / Connector 8-core aerial socket (IEC 60130-9-ED) 37-pin aerial socket DC interface: Connector XCG18T4K1P101+XC18FJJP1-10.5 Section area of cable is 4*1.5mm2 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector N-KY (MIL-C-39012 or IEC169-16) N-KY (MIL-C-39012 or IEC169-16) Cable section area: 16mm2

6 7 8 9 10

RX RX/TX RXout RXin GND

Interface to receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive main diversity RF cable Frequency extension interface Frequency extension interface Equipment grounding

4.2.2.3

R8880
R8880 is a multi-carrier RF module. R8880 can be configured as UMTS mode, supporting upgrade to LTE via software upgrade. It can process 2 received signals and 2 transmitted signals. Each one can support!2*2 MIMO in HSPA+ mode on 2100MHz. Its output power achieves up to 2*60W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8880 can be configured as UMTS mode. R8880 can support!3 carriers when it ensures the 2*20W output power for each carrier. R8880 employs compact cabinet design, as shown in the following figure. R8880 is 420 340140 mm (HWD) and 20Kg in weight.

Figure 20 R8880 Physical Appearance

R8880 external interface locates at the bottom of the cabinet, as shown in the following figure. The interface description is shown in the following table.

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Figure 21 R8880 External Interfaces

Table 11 Description of External interfaces S.N. 1 2 3 4 5 Label OP1 OP2 AISG Mon PWR Interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface AISG interface External device interface Power supply interface Interface Type / Connector LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) 8-core aerial socket (IEC 60130-9-ED) 37-pin aerial socket DC interface: Connector XCG18T4K1P101+XC18FJJP1-10.5 Section area of cable is 4*1.5mm2 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector Cable section area: 16mm2

6 7 8

ANT1(TX1/RX1) ANT2(TX2/RX2) GND

Interface to transmit/receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive diversity RF cable Equipment grounding

4.2.2.4

R8890
R8890 is a multi-carrier RF module. R8890 can be configured as UMTS mode, supporting upgrade to LTE via software upgrade. It processes 6 received signals and 3 transmitted signals. Each one can support!3 sectors in UMTS mode on 2100MHz. Its output power achieves up to 3*60W (TOC). It is mainly used for outdoor macro coverage and also used for indoor coverage signal source. R8890 can support!3 carriers 3 sectors when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. For the available time of R8890, please refer to <ZTE GSM&UMTS Roadmap>.

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R8890 employs compact cabinet design, as shown in the following figure. R8890 is 385 452155mm (HWD) and 28Kg in weight.

Figure 22 R88890 Physical Appearance

R8890 external interfaces locate at the bottom of the cabinet, as shown in the following figure. The interface description is shown in the following table.

Figure 23 R8890 External Interfaces

Table 12 Description of External interfaces S.N. 1 2 3 4 Label LC1 LC2 AISG Mon Interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface BBU and RRU Interface /RRU cascading interface AISG interface External device interface Interface Type / Connector LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) LC-mode optical interface (IEC 874) 8-core aerial socket (IEC 60130-9-ED) 37-pin aerial socket

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

S.N. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Label RX RX/TX RX RX/TX RX/TX RX PWR

Interface Interface to receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive main diversity RF cable Interface to receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive main diversity RF cable Interface to receive diversity RF cable Interface to transmit / receive main diversity RF cable Power supply interface

Interface Type / Connector 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector 50 DIN-mode connector DC interface: Connector XCG18T4K1P101+XC18FJJP1-10.5 Section area of cable is 4*1.5mm2

4.3

Software Architecture
The software system of BS8700 consists of operating support!layer and application layer.

Figure 24 BS8700 Software Structure

The operating support!layer provides the functions of OAM, DBS, BRS, BRACS, and SCS to serve different base station mode.

OAM (Operating and Maintenance) provides the configuration, alarm and performance measurement function.

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DBS (Data Base Sub-system) provides the database function. BRS (Bearer Sub-system) provides protocol stack processing function. BRACS (Bearer Access Control Sub-system) provides the function of access control on bear layer. SCS (System Control Sub-system) provides functions of power control/supply and active/standby switching.

Operation Support!Sub-system is the support!layer in this framework, which is a hardware independent platform for running software and providing basic functions like scheduling, timer, memory management, communication, sequencing control, monitoring, alarming and logging. BSP (Board Support!Package) supports the information routing to the GSM, UMTS, LTE and common parts in the application layer.

4.4

External Interface
ZXSDR BS8700 has abundant external interfaces which are described in Table 3.
Table 13 Description of ZXSDR BS8700 External Interfaces Interface Item STM-1 E1/T1 Index 2 (optional) 16 (8pairs optional) 1 (10M/100M/1000M electrical) Auto-Negotiation Auto-MDI/MDIX 1 (1000M optical) or 1 (100M optical) Clock Baseband Monitor & Alarm RF Monitor & Alarm GPS Dry Contacts RS485 Dry Contacts RS485 1 6 (Input), 2 (Input / Output) 1 4 per RRU 1 per RRU Interface Type SFP (LC) DB44 RJ45 Standard ITU G.957 ITU G.707 ITU G.703/G.704 10/100/1000BASE-T IEEE 802.3 compatible 1000BASE-LX IEEE 802.3 compatible 100BASE-FX IEEE 802.3 compatible GPS Antenna Interface NMEA 0183 V3.0 -

Abis/Iub Ethernet

SFP (LC)

SMA DB44 DB44 DB15 DB15

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Technical Indices
Table 14 ZXSDR BS8700 Technical Indices Type Item Working Frequency Indices R8840 R8860/R8860E R8880 R8890 Max Carrier/Sector Max Carrier/TRX Max Channel Element for UMTS Max Channels Per Cell for UMTS Max Throughput RRU Type Output Power R8840 R8860/R8860E R8880 R8890 Receiving Sensitivity 2100 MHz/AWS 850/900/1800/1900 MHz 2100 MHz 2100 MHz 30 CS (UMTS single mode) 60 TRX (GSM single mode) UL: 960/1920 CE DL: 960/1920 CE 123 UL: 86.5 Mbps DL: 324 Mbps Output Power (TOC) 60W 80W 2*60W 3*60W

Capacity Performance Indices

-113dBm@GSM Single Antenna -126.5dBm@UMTS single antenna -129.2dBm@UMTS double antennas B8200 -48V DC (-57VDC ~ -40VDC) -48V DC (-60VDC ~ -35VDC) 220 V AC (90VAC ~ 300VAC) 110 V AC (85VAC ~ 135VAC) -48V DC (-57VDC ~ -37VDC) -48VDC (-60 V DC~ - 37VDC) 220VAC (165VAC~ 300VAC) 110VAC (85VAC ~ 135VAC) Typical Power Consumption (W) 80 115 150 185 100 125 160

Power Indices

Power supply, voltage range of variation

R8840

R8860/R8860E R8880/R8890

Power Consumption Indices

UMTS single mode

Type B8200 6CS/1 BPC B8200 12CS/2 BPC B8200 18CS/3 BPC B8200 24CS/4 BPC R8840 1C/TOC 20W R8840 2C/TOC 40W R8840 3C/TOC 60W

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R8880 S1/TOC 20W R8880 S2/TOC 40W R8880 S3/TOC 60W R8890 S111/TOC 3*20W R8890 S222/TOC 3*40W R8890 S333/TOC 3*60W GSM Single Mode G/U DualMode Temperature R8860/R8860E S1/TOC 20W R8860/R8860E S2/TOC 40W R8860/R8860E S4/TOC 80W R8860/R8860E 4G1U/TOC 4*15W (GSM)+20W (UMTS)

100 135 165 210 315 405 185 195 215 215

BBU: -20C+55C RRU: R8840/R8860/R8860E/R8880: -40C+55C R8890: -40C+50C BBU: 5%95% RRU: R8840/R8860/R8860E: 5% ~ 100% R8880/R8890: 10% ~ 100% BBU: IP20 RRU: IP65 5 YD/T 1595.2-2007 ETSI EN 301 489-01, ETSI EN 301 489-23 ETSI EN 300 386V1.3.2 (CISPR22) Class B Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE) BBU: 233,000 hours R8840: 420,000 hours R8860/R8860E: 380,000 hours R8880: 322,000 hours R8890: 280,000 hours BBU: 0.5 hours RRU: 1 hours BBU: 99.999785% R8840: 99.999762% R8860/R8860E: 99.999868% R8880: 99.999689% R8890: 99.999643% BBU: 1.128 min/year R8840: 1.251 min/year R8860/R8860E: 1.383 min/year R8880: 1.632 min/year R8890: 1.877 min/year

Environment Indices

Relative Humidity

Waterproof /Dustproof Ground National/ International Standard

EMC Indices

MTBF

MTTR Reliability Indices Availability

Down Duration

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Operation and Maintenance


The operation and management of BS8700 is performed by the ZTE unified network management system, NetNumen M31, which adopts client/server architecture. The server runs Solaris OS + Oracle database. The client adopts Windows system, enabling human-machine management for the network element.
Network Management Layer Itf-N Interface Perf orma nce

NMS/OSS

NOP

Alar m

Conf.

Versi on

Topolog y

Securit y

Element Management Layer

Toolset

NetNumen M31

Adaptation Layer BIN / MML/ File interface

GSM BSS

UMTS UTRAN

LTE E-UTRAN

Network Element

Figure 25 NetNumen M31 Elements Management System

The BSS/UTRAN/E-UTRAN provides a transparent channel to implement operation and maintenance information interaction between NetNumen M31 and the radio network. Management of the BSC/RNC and the BTS/Node B/eNode B adopts unified client interface for security management and operation log. NetNumen M31 also supports CORBA/SNMP Itf-N interface towards third-part NMS. BS8700 operation and maintenance system supports the following functions: Version Management

With this function, administrator can view versions of the all software and hardware running at the foreground. The hardware version includes the BOOT version number and its generation time. The software version includes the software version number, download time and its current running state.

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The background provides a software downloading system for software download/upgrade at the foreground. Before download/upgrade, warehousing processing is required. The warehousing process will copy the version files to the server and register to the server. Software versions existing in the base stations can be activated with or without software tests. Alarm Management

The alarm management system monitors running states of the base stations, dynamically displays the rack structure of the foreground module and collects abnormal information of the boards, links, database and server in real time. These functions make it convenient to analyze, address the problems, maintenance and repair. Information collected by the alarm management system includes notification, alarm and alarm recovery. The alarm management system synchronizes alarms, reports historical alarms and current alarms, and sets and queries alarm shielding. Configuration Management

Configuration management implements functions of equipment configuration and radio configuration. Log Management

NetNumen M31 system provides the log management function. Any operation performed by operator will be recorded automatically. Thus, the operation maintenance administrator can query historical operation records. Log records are saved in the NM database server. In the BS8700, it has memory on CC board in order to preserve database, the storage time is 90 days. Security Management

Security management is implemented through user management and user group management. The user management includes the management for user name, password and user groups which the user belongs to. The user group management includes the management of user group name and authority information (indicating authorities the user group has). Performance Management

Performance management is to measure, report!and provide performances statistic of base stations. Diagnosis and Test

Diagnosis and test are important components of EMS. The network administrator can check whether system hardware is working properly by diagnosis and test. They are also able to trace and fix the faults on time to secure the safe operation of the system.
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Base station diagnosis and test cover the following functions: Information reporting Board link testing Receiving field strength testing Environment information monitoring

Other Supplementary Functions

The operation and maintenance system also provides other supplementary functions to facilitate base station maintenance, which include but not limited signaling tracing, channel viewing, abnormal record reporting and viewing. In ZXSDR BS8700, the time of impact on service because of the hardwares brokendown is under control. ZXSDR BS8700 has auto restart mechanism which supports Radio Unit auto restart, main control board auto restart, Baseband processing unit auto restart, the whole base station auto restart. The Radio Unit auto restart time is one minute. The main control board which is CC board auto restart time is 3 minutes. The Baseband processing unit that includes UBPG and BPC board auto restart time is one minute. The whole base station auto restart time is 4 minutes.

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7
7.1

Configuration Principles
Baseband Unit Configuration Principles
Different baseband processing boards can be configured in BS8700 baseband unit for different scenario. UBPG board supports GSM/GPRS/EDGE/E-EDGE. BPC board supports UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+. The processing capability of baseband processing boards is listed as below:
Single UBPG board supports GSM/GPRS/EDGE/E-EDGE 12TRX; Single BPC supports 6CS, uplink 192/384CE and downlink 192/384CE;

In typical configuration, the BS8700 baseband unit provides 4 baseband processing board slots. 1 more BP board can be available if only one optical switch board is configured. FS: Fabric Switch board, there are 6 pairs CPRI interface in each FS board, 2 FS boards can be configured in B8200 maximally. SA: Site Alarm board, support!8 dry contacts and 8 pairs of E1/T1, 1 SA board for each B8200 is mandatory configuration. SE: Site Alarm Extension board, support!8 dry contacts and 8 pairs of E1/T1, 1 SE board can be configured if the requirements of dry contacts or E1/T1 exceed the SA capacity. NIS: Network Interface of STM-1 board, configured when Abis/Iub adopts STM-1 interface. PM: Power Module, 1 PM board for default configuration, if needed, 1+1 is available option. FAM: Fan array Module, 1 FAM board for each B8200 is mandatory configuration. CC: Control and Clock board, 1 CC board for default configuration, if needed, 1+1 backup or load sharing is an available option. One Control and Clock board supports 01 FE/GE electrical interfaces and 01 FE/GE optical interfaces toward BSC (Abis) and RNC(Iub).

7.2

Radio Unit Configuration Principles


On different frequencies and software configurations, BS8700 can be configured as various GSM/UMTS base stations:
In GSM single mode, R8860/R8860E can support!1 to 6 TRX. In UMTS single mode, R8840 and R8860/R8860E can support!1 to 4 carriers, R8880 can support!1 to 4 carriers in both 2 sectors, R8890 can support!1 to 3 carriers in 3 sectors;

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If GSM/UMTS are in the dual mode, single R8860/R8860E can support!1 UMTS Carriers + 4 GSM TRX or 2 UMTS Carriers + 2 GSM TRX at maximum;

7.3

GSM Single Mode Configuration Principles


R8860/R8860E is needed to be configured for GSM single mode, which is based on multi-carrier technology. In GSM mode, R8860/R8860E supports 1 to 6 TRX in 1 sector. For baseband part, one UBPG board supports 12 TRX.

7.3.1

R8860/R8860E configuration
Table 15 ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration for GSM Single Mode (Multi-carrier) Site Type S4/4/4 S8/8/8 S12/12/1 2 R8860/R8860E Qty 3 6 9 B8200 Qty 1 1 1 UBPG Qty 1 2 3

7.4

UMTS Single Mode Configuration Principles


R8840, R8860/R8860E, R8880 or R8890 is needed to be configured for UMTS single mode. R8840s maximum output power is 60W, supporting 3 carriers when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. R8860/R8860Es maximum output power is 80W, supporting 4 carriers when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. R8880s maximum output power is 2*60W, supporting 3 carriers when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. R8890 maximum output power is 3*60W working on 2100MHz, supporting 3 carriers 3 sectors when it ensures the 20W output power for each carrier. For baseband part, one BPC board supports 6CS.

7.4.1
Table 16

R8840/R8880 configuration
ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode (R8840/R8880) Site Type S1/1/1 S2/2/2 R8840/R8880 Qty 3 3 B8200 Qty 1 1 BPC Qty 1 1

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S3/3/3 S2/2/2/2/2/2

3 6

1 1

2 2

7.4.2
Table 17

R8860/R8860E configuration
ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode (R8860/R8860E) Site Type S1/1/1 S2/2/2 S4/4/4 S2/2/2/2/2/2 R8860/R8860E Qty 3 3 3 6 B8200 Qty 1 1 1 1 BPC Qty 1 1 2 2

7.4.3
Table 18

R8890 configuration
ZXSDR BS8700 Configuration UMTS Single Mode Site Type S1/1/1 S2/2/2 S3/3/3 S2/2/2/2/2/2 R8890 Qty 1 1 1 2 B8200 Qty 1 1 1 1 BPC Qty 1 1 2 2

7.5
7.5.1

GSM/UMTS Dual Mode Configuration Principles


GSM 850M/900M/1800M/1900M and UMTS 850M/900M/1800M/1900M Dual-Mode Network in Same Spectrum
R8860/R8860E can be configured in 850/900/1800/1900M G/U dual-mode. One R8860/R8860E supports 4 GSM TRX + 1 UMTS carrier or 2 GSM TRX + 2 UMTS carriers simultaneously.

Table 19

BS8700 Configuration for G/U Dual-Mode (Same Spectrum) Site Type G:S444+U:S111 G: S222+U:S222 G: S666+U:S333 R8860/R8860 E Qty 3 3 6 B8200 Qty 1 1 1 UBPG Qty 1 1 2 BPC Qty 1 1 2

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7.5.2

GSM 850M/900M/1800M/1900M and UMTS 2100M Dual-Mode Network in Different Spectrums


R8840 or R8880 and R8860/R8860E are configured simultaneously in this scenario, R8840 or R8880 is used for UMTS 2100M while R8860/R8860E is used for GSM 850/900/1800/1900M. Wideband combiner is required in the mode of co-feeder-line and co-antenna.

Table 20

BS8700 Configuration for G/U Dual-Mode (Different Spectrums) Site Type U:S222(2100M) + G:S6/6/6(850/900/1800/1900M ) R8840/R888 0 Qty 3 R8860/R8860 E Qty 3 B8200 Qty 1 UBPG Qty 2 BPC Qty 1

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Acronyms and Abbreviation


Abbreviations 3GPP 64QAM AGPS AMR BB BBS BBU BCCH BITS BP BPC BRACS BRS BSC BSP BTS CAPEX CC CE CN CORBA CPRI CS DBS DL DTX EDGE E-EDGE EFR Full Characteristics 3rd Generation Partnership Project 64 grade Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Assisted GPS Adaptive Multi Rate Base Band Base Band Sub-system Base Band processing Unit Broadcast Control Channel Building Integrated Timing Supply Base band Processing Base band Processing Board Type C for UMTS Bearer Access Control Sub-system Bearer Sub-system Base Station Controller Board Support!Package Base Transceiver Station Capital Expenditure Control & Clock Channel Element Core Network Common Object Request Broker Architecture Common Public Radio Interface Carrier Sector Data Base Sub-system Down Link Discontinuous transmission Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution Enhanced EDGE Enhanced Full Rate

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ZXSDR BS8700 Product Descrip!ion

Abbreviations FAM FE FP FR FS GE GERAN GPS GSM HR HSPA+ LMT LTE MicroTCA MIMO MS/UE MTBF MTTR NBAP NIS NM NMS NOP OAM OPEX OSS PM PS PtM PtP RCS RF

Full Characteristics Fan Module Fast Ethernet Frame Protocol Full Rate Fabric Switch Gigabit Ethernet GSM Edge Radio Access Network Global Positioning System Global System for Mobile communications Half Rate HSPA Evolution Local Maintenance Terminal Long Term Evolution Micro Telecommunications Computing Architecture Multi Input Multi Output Mobile Station/User Equipment Mean Time Between Failures Mean Time To Recovery Node B Application Part Network Interface of STM-1 NetNumen, Name of ZTE OMCR Network Management System Network Optimization & Planning Operating And Maintenance Operation Expenditure Operation Support!Sub-system Power Module Packet Switch Point to Multi-point Point to Point Radio Control Sub-system Radio Frequency

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Abbreviations RNC RRU RTT SA SCS SDH SDR SE SNMP TA TNS UBPG UL UTRAN WCDMA

Full Characteristics Radio Network Controller Remote Radio Unit Round Trip Time Site Alarm System Control Sub-system Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Software Defined Radio Site Alarm Extension Simple Network Management Protocol Time Advance Transport!Network Sub-system Universal Base band Processing for GSM Up Link UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network Wideband Code Division Multiple Access

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