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Introducing Ansoft Designer

Introducing Ansoft Designer-1

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Multiple Solvers

Ansoft Designer is the first suite of design tools to fully integrate high-frequency, physics-based electromagnetic simulation, modeling, and automation into a seamless environment for circuit and system analysis. Whether your design challenge is a Bluetooth transceiver, a radar system, or an MMIC or RFIC, Designer gives you complete control over every design task from within one simple, unified environment. The key to Designers integration is Solver on Demand, a unique capability that orchestrates the use of multiple solvers while still giving you complete control. Designer extends this automation and integration even further by enabling you to rapidly import work created in other types of design software as easily as if you created it within Designer itself. The topics for this section include: Multiple Solvers Designer Features Multiple Editors Applications Online Help for Designer Tools Ansoft Technical Support Trademark and Copyright Notices

Multiple Solvers
Designer combines several powerful simulators to support designs in multiple physical implementations. The topics for this section include: The Nexxim Simulator The Planar Em Simulator The System Simulator Cosimulation of Designs

The Nexxim Simulator


Nexxim is Ansofts state-of-the-art circuit simulator for RF, analog, and mixed-signal designs. Nexxim combines transistor-level simulation accuracy, high execution speed, and robust capability to handle circuits with thousands of active and passive elements. Nexxim simulates in all three domains DC, time, and frequency from the same set of device models. Nexxim offers the following simulation tools:

DC analysis calculates the circuits DC operating point and is the basis for other analyses.
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Multiple Solvers

Transient analysis calculates the time-domain behavior of the circuit. Nexxim transient analysis incorporates a new, Ansoft-proprietary variable time-step integration formula and advanced error estimation and control. The analysis can include S-parameter input data files for accurate analysis in the time domain. Harmonic balance analysis calculates the frequency-domain responses of the circuit. Nexxim harmonic balance performs single-tone and multi-tone analysis that combines Krylov subspace methods with Ansoft-proprietary preconditioning algorithms to achieve fast convergence. Small-signal analyses (AC, linear network, DC noise) are based on the DC solution. Nexxims proprietary linear system solver is optimized for circuit simulation, and produces accurate answers without compromising speed. Nexxim also supports small-signal frequency analysis based on harmonic balance.

Nexxim provides an ever-expanding range of passive, active, and distributed device models. Nexxim allows the designer to perform sweeps of any model or instance parameter in a circuit, in addition to the classic variable sweeps of temperature, voltage, and current. Thus, Nexxim allows you to explore all possible process and circuit variations. Nexxim supports both schematic and netlist circuit implementations. The Nexxim netlist format is HSPICE-compatible, so netlists of any size from industry-standard design systems can easily be imported into Nexxim for analysis. For more information see Nexxim Simulator.

The Planar EM Simulator


Designer offers a planar electromagnetic simulator that characterizes full-wave and radiative effects for multi-layered structures. The Planar EM simulator enables you to compute and view the following:

Characteristic port impedances and propagation constants. Generalized S-parameters, and S-parameters renormalized to specific port impedances. Basic electromagnetic field quantities. Radiated electric fields.

You draw the traces for each layer, specify each layers material characteristics, and identify sources and vias. The simulator then generates the necessary current solutions and associated port characteristics and S-parameters. Designers Planar EM simulator is applicable for multi-layer structures in microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuits and planar antennas. These structures may be modeled with an unlimited number of substrate layers, metal layers, and infinite ground plane layers. You can build your configuration by stacking the three different types of layers. As you set up the problem, you specify whether to solve the problem at one specific frequency or at several frequencies within a range. The planar EM simulator features a number of design verification tools, including electric rule checking. For more information see Planar EM Simulator.
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Designer Features

The System Simulator


Designers System Simulator is a frequency domain and discrete-time simulator integrated within a highly intuitive design environment with an easy to use schematic entry and graphical interface. The system simulator is capable of addressing a variety of complex DSP, RF, and microwave wireless designs and applications. Integration of system analysis into Designers desktop enables users to perform system simulations and analyses using the highly intuitive Designers schematic entry, report generation, and graphics capability. The system simulation environment also enables designers to include a higher level of detail in their system designs by co-simulating with the circuit and planar EM simulators in Designer. The Designer System Simulator supports two kinds of fundamental analysis:

Frequency domain analysis for single tone and multi-tone analysis of linear and nonlinear electrical systems. See the Frequency Domain Analysis chapter. Discrete time analysis for the simulation and performance evaluation of functional and mixedmode (functional and electrical) communication systems. See the Discrete Time Analysis chapter.

For more information see System Simulator.

Cosimulation of Designs
Designs can be easily exported from one Designer simulator to another. For example, you can use the Planar EM simulator to verify the layout of a Nexxim circuit design. In addition, designs can be shared among Ansofts High-Frequency System Simulator (HFSS) and Ansofts Q3D quasi-static parasitic extractor. Designers unique Solver on Demand technology allows flexible and highly accurate modeling and verification of unrestricted structures used in high-frequency component, circuit, and system designs. The technology allows you to simulate structures via circuit and system models or with a variety of Ansoft electromagnetic solvers at the touch of a button. Solver on Demand incorporates electromagnetic-solver results directly into larger network topologies. Solution data is cached and used in place of re-simulating unless you change structure parameters. Solver on Demand allows you to maximize your productivity through speed and accuracy. For more information see Dynamic Links And Solver On Demand.

Designer Features
Designer features include a sophisticated desktop graphics interface, Project Manager, Library editors, Report displays, parameter tuning and optimization, script control, and integration among Ansoft products and with third-party development tools. The topics for this section include: Desktop Graphical User Interface Project Manager
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Designer Features

Library Editors Reports and Postprocessing Optimetric Tuning Script Control Integration Across All Ansoft Products Import From Third-Party Tools and Systems

Desktop Graphical User Interface


Designer incorporates design-automation features by employing the latest graphic user interface technology. Flexibility and customization are built in to address the needs of both the casual and power user. The design suite offers many innovations to standard design processes, which minimize effort and potential user error without sacrificing power and functionality. The Designer Desktop structures the design tasks by providing an integrated set of windows for simultaneous display of project and design information. The windows are supplemented by a complete set of task-oriented popup screens or dialog boxes to provide push-button access to every aspect of the Designer environment. For more information see The Designer Desktop.

Project Manager
The central focus of the Designer environment is the Project Manager. The Project Manager allows you to construct a project from one or more related designs. For example, a project may consist of several schematic designs representing hierarchical subsystems, a system-level design that ties the subsystems together, and a planar design that specifies the physical layout and substrate technology. The Project Manager window shows all the components, models, substrate technologies, and other elements of each design in the project. Many operations on the design elements can be performed directly from the Project Manager window. The Project Manager saves the entire project as an entity, so that all the constituent designs are kept together and in their defined relationships. For more information see Project Manager.

Library Editors
A component is a design element that provides a predefined set of electrical and physical characteristics. In Designer, components are organized into libraries, and subcircuits automatically inherit higher-level library configurations. The Nexxim and System simulators are shipped with extensive component libraries (system libraries). In addition, you can define new components for use in your designs. Designer provides a suite of editors for creating and maintaining libraries of components.

The Library editor is used to create a new library, and to configure libraries for inclusion into the current project. The Component editor defines the characteristics of a component to be added or modified.
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Designer Features

The Material editor specifies a material to be used in manufacturing the component. The Symbol editor defines a schematic symbol to be used for the component. The Footprint editor defines a layout symbol to be used for the component. The Padstack editor defines a vertical sequence of materials (or stackup) to be used in manufacturing the component.

For more information see Using Component Libraries.

Reports and Postprocessing


After Ansoft Designer has generated a solution, all of the results for that solution are available for analysis. You can analyze your solution data with a 2D or 3D report, a graphical representation that displays the relationship between a designs values and the corresponding analysis results. In addition, you can postprocess the results by applying a variety of graphical and numerical transformations to the data, with instantaneous update of the 2D or 3D report graph. Also, the Schematic editor provides the ability to generate a Bill of Materials from the schematic. For more information see Generating Reports and Postprocessing.

Optimetric Tuning
The Designer Optimetrics module allows you to tune your design, and to simulate what-if scenarios with a minimum of effort. You set up the design so that the values to be tuned or varied in the design are defined with variable parameters rather than as fixed values. Then after initial simulation has been run, you use the Optimetrics controls (such as graphic sliders) to adjust circuit values and view the re-simulated results. For more information see Optimetrics.

Script Control
Designer allows all operations to be performed remotely via Java and Visual Basic scripting. The script interface includes environment scripting and netlist callbacks. A complete guide to all scripting operations is part of the online help package. For more information see Script Guide. Custom scripts can also be integrated into your personal design environment. For information regarding the incorporation of scripts into custom toolbars, see External Tools.

Integration Across All Ansoft Products


Designer supports dynamic links with Ansoft's 3D high frequency simulator, HFSS, SIWave, and Ansoft's 3D quasi-static simulator, Q3D Extractor. Designer also supports fully-scripted parameterized layout export to HFSS. For more information see Importing and Exporting Data.

Import from Third-Party Tools and Systems


Designer provides support for imported IBIS and SPICE models and libraries. In addition, you can import a netlist in HSPICE format for simulation and postprocessing with the Nexxim simulator.

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Multiple Editors

For more information see Importing and Exporting Data, Importing a SPICE Library, and IBIS File Support.

Multiple Editors
Designer provides editors for three levels of design creation: schematic, layout, and netlist. The topics for this section include: The Schematic Editor The Layout Editor The Netlist Editor

The Schematic Editor


The Schematic editor is an industry-standard tool for creating and viewing designs under the Nexxim circuit simulator and the System simulator. The Schematic editor allows you to insert components and models from a library using drag-and-drop, adjust component instance and model parameter values, and wire the components together. The Schematic editor provides built-in support for ports and grounds, and includes a module for creating N-port schematic elements that access data from files. Wire names (node, bundle, and bus names) and component names (reference designators) can be generated automatically or manually in a variety of ways. The Schematic editor has built-in support for hierarchical designs with multiple subcircuits and multiple schematic pages. For more information see Schematic Editor.

The Layout Editor


Designer incorporates an integrated IC and PCB layout editor. The Layout editor shows the physical realization of a circuit. The Layout editor uses layers to organize and operate on sets of geometry or other visual indicators. Signal, metallized signal, and dielectric are common physical layers. Symbol (to show component symbols in layout), error, and rats (to show connectivity) are non-physical layers. The stackup contains additional properties of the physical layers, such as material, thickness, and elevation. Geometrical information on these layers is used to generate masks for manufacturing. Components such as transmission lines will be drawn on the metal layer. Components that dont have footprints, such as ideal capacitors, will be represented in the layout as schematic symbols to indicate that no footprints are associated with them. Arbitrary graphical primitives unrelated to modeled elements can also be drawn. For more information see Layout Editor Users Guide.

The Netlist Editor


Designer automatically generates a netlist from any schematic design (Nexxim or System). Simulation is actually run from the netlist description, using simulation controls that are set up
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Applications

from the Schematic editor. The Netlist editor allows you to view the netlist that has been generated for a schematic design. In addition, the Nexxim simulator allows direct entry of a netlist. The Nexxim netlist simulation uses simulation controls that are written directly into the netlist. This feature allows for the import of netlists in HSPICE format from third-party design capture tools for simulation by Nexxim. The netlist editor uses a color-coding scheme to highlight the various elements of the netlist, such as components, options, and numerical values. For more information see Netlist Editor Users Guide.

Applications
Many applications are available in Designer, including various Communication Systems, HighFrequendc ICs, and various Boards and Modules. The topics for this section include: Communication Systems High-Frequency ICs Boards and Modules

Communication Systems
Designer connects communication-system architects to hardware developers with an unparalleled baseband-through-RF design solution. With Designer, you can study complete systems in time, frequency, or mixed-mode domain and generate and apply complex digital waveforms to arbitrary system topologies. Flexible behavioral models or automatic co-simulation of nonlinear circuit(s) and/or electromagnetic simulation provide solutions for initial prototyping or final design verification. Designer supports up-to-date, bit-accurate, and user-configurable 3G waveforms, including 3GPP, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA, and IEEE 802.11 a and b.

High-Frequency ICs
Designer teams advanced, high-frequency circuit simulation and electromagnetic modeling with an automated design environment for RFIC and MMIC product development. The fully integrated solvers embed IC structures that affect high-frequency operations directly into the overall circuit or system simulation. Designer detects parasitic behavior, such as substrate coupling and chippackageboard interactions that impede efforts to shrink die sizes. Consequently, MMIC and RFIC designers can reduce die sizes or apply advanced structures, including flip-chip technology and ball-grid array (BGA) interconnects, to new or existing designs without sacrificing their understanding of overall behavior.

Boards and Modules


Designers virtual modeling capability makes utilizing high-density PCBs in next-generation base stations or WLAN modules easier. Designer allows you to explore new materials, such as Low
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Online Help for Designer Tools

Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC), or advanced board-manufacturing techniques without the cost of building prototypes. Designers customizable vendor parts libraries and extensive electromagnetic solvers enable you to truly understand the performance of circuits and subsystems of boards and modules, including surface mount (SMD/SMT), chip-on-board, flip-chip, BGA, and/ or chip-scale-package components.

Online Help for Designer Tools


Designer features extensive online help documentation, including indexed entries, text search, and context-sensitive help items. To access the main online help system, click the Help entry on the Designer top menu bar. For more information see Using the Online Help System. Additionally, each section of the Designer Online Help is also available in PDF format, as shown in the following table. Several other PDF/Text files are also included to help you understand Designer, including the Release Notes for the current Designer release:

Help Topic Release Notes Neutral File Format Netlist File Encryption Fractional-N Synthesizer Introducing Ansoft Designer Designer Quick Start Guide The Designer Desktop Getting Started with Designer and Nexxim Working With Designer Projects Using Component Libraries Variables in Designer Schematic Editor Layout Editor Users Guide Design Verification Netlist Editor User's Guide Planar EM Simulator System Simulator

PDF/Text File Link

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Online Help for Designer Tools

System Simulator Components Nexxim Simulator Nexxim Simulator Components Transmission Line Designer Smith Tool Generating Reports and Postprocessing Optimetrics Importing and Exporting Data Dynamic Links and Solver On Demand Script Guide Terms in Designer Designer File Formats Message Manager Window

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Ansoft Technical Support

Ansoft Technical Support


To contact Ansoft technical support staff in your geographical area, please visit the Ansoft corporate website, http://www.ansoft.com/, and select Contact. Your Ansoft sales engineer may also be contacted in order to obtain this information. Electronic mail can work well for technical support. All Ansoft software files are ASCII text and can be sent conveniently by e-mail. When reporting difficulties, it is extremely helpful to include very specific information about what steps were taken or what stages the simulation reached. This allows more rapid and effective debugging. Please provide the following information when you contact us:

Your name and affiliation Serial number, version number, and the name of Ansoft software The type of hardware and operating system you are using. A description of what happened and what you were doing when the problem occurred. The exact wording of any messages that appeared on the screen.

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Trademark and Copyright Notices

Trademark and Copyright Notices


The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. Ansoft makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this material, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Ansoft shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. 2004 2008 Ansoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Ansoft Designer and Nexxim are trademarks of Ansoft Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. New editions of this manual will incorporate all material updated since the previous edition. The manual printing date, which indicates the manuals current edition, changes when a new edition is printed. Minor corrections and updates which are incorporated at reprint do not cause the date to change. Update packages may be issued between editions and contain additional and/or replacement pages to be merged into the manual by the user. Note that pages which are rearranged due to changes on a previous page are not considered to be revised.

Edition 4.0 Ansoft Corporation 225 West Station Square Drive Suite 200 Pittsburgh, PA 15219 (412) 261-3200

Date January 2008

Software Version 4.0

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