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SME3033

FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

ANALYSIS OF TRAILER TRAILER


LECTURER : EN AHMAD ZAFRI B ZAINUDIN SECTION : 01

GROUP NAME : EXTERNAL

GROUP MEMBERS :
1. NOR AZALI B AZMIR 2. SAIFUL NIZAM B MD NAZRI 851221851221-0101-5579 AM040230 850208850208-0101-6361 AM040320

3. AHMAD IHSAN B ZAINUDDIN 850725850725-1414-5823 AM040020

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CONTENTS

Section 1.0 Background Section 2.0 Scope of Work Section 3.0 FEA Model Information 3.1 Principle Assumptions 3.2 Geometry 3.3 Material 3.4 Loading Conditions Section 4.0 Results 4.1 Original Analysis 4.2 Modification Section 5.0 Conclusion

1 1 2 2 2 2 3 4 4-5 6-7 8

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Section 1.0Background
UTM Solar Car was designed to compete in an international competition. This solar car already had been going through a lot of production process under several conditions. For travelling purpose, a trailer has been used. Otherwise, the design of trailer was not analysis completely . This is because they are not applying the theory of mechanics in their design. We are required to do some analysis on this trailer then, do some improvement of any design of the trailer. The drawing for the trailer was made by using SolidWorks 2007 and the analysis by CosmoExpress or MSc Nastran version 4.5. The picture of the original trailer and solar is shown below :

Picture of solar car and the trailer

Section 2.0

Scope of Work

The main objective of this project is to investigate and to analyze the design of the trailer. From that, we know at which point failure will occur because we can say that the point is the most critical point. Mean, most loads react at that point. We also know the maximum and the minimum stress at the point reacted of the trailer.

Then, we are supposed to do some improvements and modifications of based on the original design. We also need to analyze the new design and do some recommendations.

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Section 3.0FEA Model Information


3.1 Principle Assumptions To start the analysis we have to do some assumptions: 1) 2) 3) 4) The structures react in elastic behaviour. Material of structures is homogeneous. Structures will not elongate due to temperature. We assume that the structure is as one rigid body and not .

3.2 Geometry

3.3 Material The material used for the structure is cast carbon steel. The properties of material are as followed: Shear Modulus Modulus of Elasticity Density Poissons Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 80GPa 207GPa 7680kg/m3 0.27 6.5x10-6 0F-1

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3.4

Loading Conditions The loading are totally come from the weight of solar car itself. The analysis was

done under static condition. So, if it fails while moving, we can say that it fails under fatigue failure. This is because vibration was produced and create fluctuating loading on this trailer. Vibration is caused by the surface of the road is not smooth enough. Load is about 200kg.There are 5 constraint at the trailer that shown below :

Constraint

Original

Modification
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SECTION 4.0
Original

Results
Modification Nodes Element DOF

116.5 3.69E-1

Max. stress( MPa ) Max. displacement

4.609 2.35E-2

Original Analysis By Cosmo Express

DIMENSION

STRESS

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DISPLACEMENT

DEFORMATION

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Modification Analysis By Cosmo Express

DIMENSION

STRESS

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DISPLACEMENT

DEFORMATION

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Section 5.0CONCLUSION
After doing this project,we are introduced the new software that include how we can modelling some design and analyze it. From the FEA,we can know the nodes,element,degree of freedom(DOF) and maximum stress and displacement for the design that we have model it. From the modification the maximum stress is a bit higher than original design.We can see a clear change in displacement for both trailers.The modification is quite success to strengthen body of the trailer without changing the materials used.

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