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Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch V100R003C00

Routine Maintenance
Issue Date 02 2010-07-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base Bantian, Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China http://www.huawei.com support@huawei.com

Website: Email:

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Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch Routine Maintenance

About This Document

About This Document


Intended Audience
This document describes routine maintenance for the S9300 device in terms of routine maintenance items, maintenance guidelines, maintenance records, and dangerous operations. This document describes the procedure and method for routine maintenance for the S9300 device. This document is intended for:
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Network monitoring engineers On-site maintenance engineers System maintenance engineers

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Symbol Description

DANGER

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

WARNING

CAUTION
TIP

NOTE

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Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface Italic [] { x | y | ... } [ x | y | ... ] { x | y | ... }* Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italics. Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all items can be selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected. The parameter before the & sign can be repeated 1 to n times. A line starting with the # sign is comments.

[ x | y | ... ]* &<1-n> #

Change History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all updates made in previous issues.

Changes in Issue 02 (2010-07-15)


Based on issue 01 (2010-04-30), the document is updated as follows: The following information is modified:
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2.2 Routine Maintenance Tasks and Operations 2.3.2 Cleaning the Fan Frame 2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files 2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files 3.2 Risky Command Executions 4 Common Maintenance Commands 5 Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations

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About This Document

Changes in Issue 01 (2010-04-30)


Initial commercial release.

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Contents

Contents
About This Document...................................................................................................................iii 1 Routine Maintenance Overview.............................................................................................1-1
1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance..................................................................................................................1-2 1.2 Maintenance Specifications.............................................................................................................................1-2 1.3 Classification of Routine Maintenance...........................................................................................................1-3 1.3.1 Daily Routine Maintenance....................................................................................................................1-3 1.3.2 Periodic Routine Maintenance...............................................................................................................1-4

2 Routine Maintenance Items.....................................................................................................2-1


2.1 Routine Maintenance Items.............................................................................................................................2-2 2.2 Routine Maintenance Tasks and Operations...................................................................................................2-3 2.3 Cleaning the Equipment................................................................................................................................2-11 2.3.1 Cleaning the Air Filter..........................................................................................................................2-12 2.3.2 Cleaning the Fan Frame.......................................................................................................................2-13 2.3.3 Cleaning the Boards.............................................................................................................................2-16 2.4 Backing Up and Restoring Configuration Files............................................................................................2-17 2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files.....................................................................................................2-17 2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files........................................................................................................2-19 2.5 Grounding System Maintenance...................................................................................................................2-20 2.5.1 Checking the Grounding System..........................................................................................................2-20 2.5.2 Measuring the Grounding Resistance..................................................................................................2-20

3 Risky Operations........................................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Risky Hardware Operations............................................................................................................................3-2 3.2 Risky Command Executions...........................................................................................................................3-3

4 Common Maintenance Commands........................................................................................4-1 5 Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations..............................................5-1

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Figures

Figures
Figure 2-1 Removing an air filter.......................................................................................................................2-12 Figure 2-2 Installing an air filter........................................................................................................................2-13 Figure 2-3 Removing a fan module....................................................................................................................2-14 Figure 2-4 Installing a fan module.....................................................................................................................2-15 Figure 2-5 Arrangement of probes of an earth resistance tester.........................................................................2-21

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Tables

Tables
Table 2-1 List of routine maintenance items........................................................................................................2-2 Table 2-2 Routine maintenance tasks and operations.......................................................................................... 2-3 Table 3-1 Risky hardware operations...................................................................................................................3-2 Table 3-2 Risky command executions..................................................................................................................3-3 Table 4-1 Common maintenance commands....................................................................................................... 4-1

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1 Routine Maintenance Overview

Routine Maintenance Overview

About This Chapter


This chapter describes the principles and specifications for routine maintenance and classification of routine maintenance items, and provides the forms used in routine maintenance. 1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance Routine Maintenance is preventive maintenance measure conducted during the normal operation of the device. Routine Maintenance helps to discover the defects or possible faults of the device and rectify them, on time. Routine maintenance guarantees long-term, stable, and reliable operation of the device. 1.2 Maintenance Specifications This section describes the principles of routine maintenance, including the following: specifications for the environment of the equipment room, requirements for the maintenance personnel, specifications for maintenance, specifications for maintenance terminals, and the other specifications. 1.3 Classification of Routine Maintenance This section describes the classification of routine maintenance tasks.

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1.1 Objective of Routine Maintenance


Routine Maintenance is preventive maintenance measure conducted during the normal operation of the device. Routine Maintenance helps to discover the defects or possible faults of the device and rectify them, on time. Routine maintenance guarantees long-term, stable, and reliable operation of the device.
NOTE

This manual describes the procedure for maintaining the device through the command line interface (CLI). To maintain the device through the Huawei network management system (NMS), refer to the relevant manual.

1.2 Maintenance Specifications


This section describes the principles of routine maintenance, including the following: specifications for the environment of the equipment room, requirements for the maintenance personnel, specifications for maintenance, specifications for maintenance terminals, and the other specifications. Pay attention to the following specifications while maintaining the device:

Specifications for the Environment of the Equipment Room


Adhere to the following rules:
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Maintain the environment of the equipment room in compliance with the related industry standards. Keep the room clean, tidy, dust-proof, and moisture-proof. Take precautions to prevent the growth of fungi and mildew. Take precautions to prevent the entry of rodents and insects into the room.

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Requirements for the Maintenance Personnel


Maintenance personnel should meet the following requirements:
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Only trained maintenance personnel can undertake maintenance tasks. The maintenance personnel must be familiar with maintenance theory, and be good at basic operation skills and emergency handling skills. During maintenance, the personnel must strictly follow the operation procedures and industry safety standards to prevent accidents.

Specifications for Maintenance


Adhere to the following rules:
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Establish scientific and strict regulations to ensure effective device maintenance. Carry out a check periodically and maintain the records. Manage management-level passwords properly and change them regularly to ensure security. Assign different passwords to maintenance personnel to ensure system security.
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1 Routine Maintenance Overview

Record all the significant operations, such as board switching, system resetting, and software loading. Before performing such operations, analyze the situation and take backup emergency and security measures. Authorize and control the modification of data, back up the data before modification, and maintain modification records. Wear anti-static wrist straps while operating the device. If a board is faulty, store it in an anti-static bag.

Specifications for Maintenance Terminals


Adhere to the following rules:
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Do not install invalid firewall software and anti-virus software on the maintenance terminal.

Other Specifications
Adhere to the following rules:
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Ensure the availability of spare parts, especially the boards. In case of failure, replace the faulty part. Return the faulty part to the Huawei local office or the sales agent of Huawei for repair. If the fault cannot be rectified, contact the Huawei Customer Service Center or the local Huawei office for technical assistance.

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1.3 Classification of Routine Maintenance


This section describes the classification of routine maintenance tasks. According to the maintenance period, routine maintenance is classified into two types: daily routine maintenance and periodic routine maintenance. 1.3.1 Daily Routine Maintenance 1.3.2 Periodic Routine Maintenance

1.3.1 Daily Routine Maintenance


Daily routine maintenance is carried out by the ordinary maintenance personnel. The daily routine maintenance items are:
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Alarm system Operation status of the device

Daily routine maintenance is performed to:


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Locate alarms or other problems and solve them promptly. This helps in the stable functioning of the device and lowers the failure rate. Find out the faults on the links or connections quickly and solve them to ensure normal provision of services. Have real-time information about the operation of the device and the network. This helps to improve the efficiency of troubleshooting.
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1.3.2 Periodic Routine Maintenance


Periodic routine maintenance is relatively complex. It must be carried out by the maintenance personnel who have undergone professional trainings. The periodic routine maintenance items are:
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Power supply Grounding resistance Dust on the device

Periodic maintenance is done to:


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Ensure the secure and stable operation of the device for a long period. Check for problems such as device aging, function failures, and performance degradation. You can do this by regularly checking, testing and cleaning the devices and creating a backup of the data.

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2
About This Chapter

Routine Maintenance Items

This chapter lists the routine maintenance items. 2.1 Routine Maintenance Items The following are the maintenance cycle and maintenance items. 2.2 Routine Maintenance Tasks and Operations This section describes the recommended cycle, operations, and references for routine maintenance. 2.3 Cleaning the Equipment This section describes how to remove dust from air filter, fan frame, and boards. 2.4 Backing Up and Restoring Configuration Files This section describes how to back up and restore configuration files. 2.5 Grounding System Maintenance How to maintain the grounding system.

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2.1 Routine Maintenance Items


The following are the maintenance cycle and maintenance items.
NOTE

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The installation tools, meters, and related devices are not delivered with the S9300. Meters must be calibrated before use.

The stable running of the S9300 depends on the network planning and the routine maintenance. In addition, fast location of the hidden hazards is necessary. The routine maintenance items are the references and suggestions for maintenance of the running environment, software and hardware of the S9300. In routine maintenance, you can maintain the S9300 according to the maintenance items. In addition, you can add or delete the routine maintenance items according to the actual networking and environment of the equipment room. Table 2-1 lists all the routine maintenance items mentioned in this document. Table 2-1 List of routine maintenance items Maintenance Cycle Daily Maintenance Item Logs and alarms Temperature and voltage Fan and power supply CPU usage and memory usage Monthly Configuration files Available space on the CF card License information System time Interface traffic Board running status OSPF/IS-IS/BGP neighbor status Routing information Management-level user control Telnet control Anti-attack detect FTP password control
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Maintenance Cycle

Maintenance Item Change of the login password Backup of configuration files and log files Temperature and humidity in the equipment room

Quarterly Yearly

Cleaning of air filters Cleaning of fan frames, and boards

2.2 Routine Maintenance Tasks and Operations


This section describes the recommended cycle, operations, and references for routine maintenance. Table 2-2 Routine maintenance tasks and operations Maintenance Task Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly Operation Guide Standards for Reference Resu lt

Eq uip me nt roo m

Ambient temperatu re

View the thermometer in the equipment room.

Long-term operating temperature: 0C-45C; Short-term operating temperature: -5C-55C. If the temperature in the equipment room cannot meet the requirement for a long time, the carrier may need to repair or replace the air conditioning. Check that the refrigeration function is normal and switch of the air conditioning is well contacted.

NOTE Short-term operating conditions mean that the continuous working time does not exceed 48 hours and the accumulated time per year does not exceed 15 days.

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Maintenance Task

Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Ambient humidity

View the hygroscope in the equipment room.

Normally, the relative humidity in long-term operating environment is between 5%RH and 85% RH, non-condensing; that in short-term operating environment is between 0%RH and 95%RH, noncondensing. If the relative humidity of the equipment room is high, the carrier may need to install a dehumidifier. If the relative humidity of the equipment room is low, the carrier may need to install a humidifier. No alarm is generated. If an alarm is generated, record it. If a major alarm or more serious alarm is generated, analyze and process it immediately.

Ba sic inf or ma tio n

Alarms

Daily

Run the display alarm all command to view the alarms related to hot backup, restart, hot swapping of boards, removal and installation of fans and power modules, abnormal temperature, abnormal clock, and chip exception. Run the display trapbuffer command to view the alarms in the buffer.

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Logs

Daily

Run the display logbuffer command.

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There are no repeated logs. If a lot of repeated logs occur, analyze and process them immediately.

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Maintenance Task

Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Configura tion files

Run the display current-configuration and display savedconfiguration commands to view and save the current configuration. Run the compare configuration command to compare the current configuration with the saved configuration. Run the dir and display startup commands.

The current configuration must be the same as the saved configuration. The configuration must meet the user requirements. The configuration file names, file size, and file saving time on the master and slave MPUs must be the same.

Files in the CF card

Mont hly

Run the dir command.

All the files in the CF card must be useful; otherwise, delete the undesired files by using the delete / unreserved commands. The license is activated and the current time is earlier than "Run time." The installed patches must meet the requirements. The latest patch released by Huawei corresponding to the product is recommended. The patches have taken effect. That is, the value of "Total Patch Unit" is the same as the value of "Running Patch Unit."

License informati on Patch informati on

Mont hly Mont hly

Run the display license command. Run the dir and display patch-information commands.

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Maintenance Task

Reco mm ende d Cycl e Daily

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Ru nni ng stat us of the equ ip me nt

Temperat ure

Run the display temperature { all | slot } or display health command.

The temperature of each module should be between the upper limit and lower limit. That is, the value of "Status" is "normal."

Voltage

Daily

Run the display voltage {all | slot } or display health command. Run the display fan or display health command.

The voltage of a board should be between the upper limit and lower limit. That is, the value of "Status" is "normal." The value of "present" is "YES." The value of "register" is "YES." The value of "State" is "On." If the "Present" field of the power supply is "YES", the value of State should be Supply. Check the system date and time. The system time must be the same as the local time. (The difference is less than five minutes.) If the system time is incorrect, run the clock command to change the time or run NTP. The value of "CPU Usage" should be smaller than the value of "Upper Limit." If the CPU usage remains high, check the device to locate the problem.
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Fan status

Daily

Power status

Daily

Run the display power, display power system, or display health command.

System time

Mont hly

Run the display clock command.

CPU usage

Daily

Run the display cpuusage [ slave | slot slotid ] or display health command.

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Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Memory usage

Run the display memory-usage [slave | slot slot-id ] or display health command.

The memory usage should be smaller than the value of "Upper Limit." If the memory usage remains high, check the device to locate the problem. If the current interface traffic is more than 80% of the interface bandwidth, record the event and find out the reason. Check whether there are errored packets in the inbound or outbound direction. Pay attention to the increase of errored packets and check the interval of errored packets. The value of "Online" should be "Present." The value of "Power" should be "PowerOn." The value of "Register" should be "Registered." The value of "Alarm" should be "Normal." No board is reset abnormally.

Interface traffic

Mont hly

Run the display interface command.

Board running status

Mont hly

Run the display device command. Run the display resetreason command.

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Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Active/ standby switchove r

Run the display switchover state command.

When the software and hardware of the device are normal and the software versions are consistent, the following information should be displayed (Take the S9312 for example): Slot 7 HA FSM State (master): realtime or routine backup. Slot 8 HA FSM State (slave): receiving realtime or routine data.

If no slave MPU is installed, the following information is displayed: "Slot D HA FSM State (master): waiting for the slave to be inserted." The startup file should be correct. Normally, the displayed system software and board software versions meet the requirements. If two MPUs are installed, the software versions of the active and standby MPUs must be the same. The value of "State" should be "Full." The neighbor relationship should be retained for at least one day. Normally, no neighbor is in Down state. The value of "State" should be "Up."

Startup file System software and board software versions

Mont hly Mont hly

Run the display startup command. Run the display version or check version all command.

Ro uti ng inf or ma tio n

OSPF neighbor status

Mont hly

Run the display ospf peer command. Run the display ospf peer last-nbr-down command.

IS-IS neighbor status

Mont hly

Run the display isis peer command.

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Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly Mont hly

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

BGP peer status Routing informati on

Run the display bgp peer command. Run the display ip routing-table command. Compare the routing information with that displayed the last time and check whether the routes change greatly. Run the ping or tracert command for some routing entries.

The value of "State" should be "Established." The routing table should contain the default route. On all the devices running the same routing protocol at the same layer of a network, the routing entries should be almost identical. If static routing is configured, the routing entries in the routing tables of different devices may differ. The super user password must be set in the system and the password should be in cipher text. If the password setting is incorrect, run the super password command to set the super user password in cipher text.

Us er ma nag em ent and sec urit y ma nag em ent

Managem ent-level user control

Mont hly

Run the display current-configuration | include super password command.

Telnet control

Mont hly

Run the display current-configuration | include password command.

The Telnet user password and the super user password must be different. The password should be in cipher text. The attack defense function should be configured.

Attack defense detection

Mont hly

Run the display current-configuration | include cpcar command.

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Maintenance Task

Reco mm ende d Cycl e Mont hly

Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

FTP password control

Run the display current-configuration | include password command.

The FTP user password and the super user password must be different. The password should be in cipher text. The password is a string of at least 6 characters, in cipher text. The password is changed at least once a quarter.

Changing login password

Mont hly

Run the local-user username password cipher password command in the AAA view. For the user that adopts local password authentication, run the set authentication password command to change the password.

Backup of configurat ion file

Mont hly

Back up the configuration file to the server.


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The configuration file saved on the server is the same as that on the device.

To back up the configuration file through TFTP, run the tftp put command in the user view. To back up the configuration file through FTP, run the get command in the FTP client view.

For details, see 2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files.

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Operation Guide

Standards for Reference

Resu lt

Backup of log file

Back up the log file to the server.


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Run the save logfile command to save the log file to the CF card. To back up the log file through TFTP, run the tftp put command in the user view. To back up the log file through FTP, run the get command in the FTP client view.

The log file saved on the server is the same as that on the device.

The methods of backing up the configuration file and log file are the same. For details, see 2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files. Cle ani ng Cleaning the air filter Cleaning the fan frame Cleaning the board Quar terly Yearl y Ever y two years For details, see 2.3.1 Cleaning the Air Filter. For details, see 2.3.2 Cleaning the Fan Frame. Replace the boards with spare boards one by one, and remove dust from the boards. For details, see 2.3.3 Cleaning the Boards.
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The air filter should be clean. The fan frame should be clean. The boards should be clean. It is recommended that you clean the boards every two years.

2.3 Cleaning the Equipment


This section describes how to remove dust from air filter, fan frame, and boards.

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WARNING
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Take ESD preventive measures. For example, you must operate at an antistatic workbench and wear antistatic clothes and wrist straps. To ensure heat dissipation and ventilation of the system, and prevent the air filter from being covered by dust, clean the air filter every three months. If the equipment room is dusty, clean it more frequently.

2.3.1 Cleaning the Air Filter 2.3.2 Cleaning the Fan Frame 2.3.3 Cleaning the Boards

2.3.1 Cleaning the Air Filter


Context
The air filter of the S9300 prevents dust in the air so that the heat dissipation and ventilation conditions in the chassis are good. The air filter does not need power and is hot swappable. It is convenient for cleaning.

Tools
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ESD-preventive wrist straps or gloves Cross screwdriver

Procedure
Step 1 Remove the air filter. 1. 2. 3. Wear the ESD-preventive wrist strap and connect the grounding terminal to the ESD jack on the rack. Loosen the captive screws of the air filter anti-clockwise with a Phillips screwdriver, as shown in Figure 2-1 . Grasp the handle of the air filter and pull out the air filter, as shown in Figure 2-1 . Figure 2-1 Removing an air filter

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Step 2 Clean the air filter. 1. 2. Dust off air filter. Flap and vacuum the air filter or wash the air filter and dry it.

Step 3 Install the air filter. 1. 2. Insert the clean and dry air filter into the chassis, as shown in Figure 2-2 . Tighten the captive screws of the air filter with a Phillips screwdriver, as shown in Figure 2-2 . Figure 2-2 Installing an air filter

----End

2.3.2 Cleaning the Fan Frame


Context
During the operation of the device, the fan, the controlling circuit board and some other parts of the fan frame absorb the dust in the air. When dust is accumulated, the operation of the fan frame will be unstable. In addition, the accumulated dust becomes the pollution source of the service cabinet and hence threats the stable operation of the device. To ensure the stable operation of the device, clean all the fan frames every year.

Precautions

DANGER
Do not put your hands into the running fans!

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CAUTION
The operation must be completed within five minutes; otherwise, the safety and stability of the device will be severely affected because of the high temperature.

Tools
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ESD-preventive wrist strap or ESD-preventive gloves Phillips screwdriver

Procedure
Step 1 Clean the spare fan frame. Clean the fan, controlling circuit board and other parts of the spare fan frame with clean cotton pledget, antistatic soft brush and vacuum cleaner. There should be no dust on the fan frame after cleaning. Step 2 Replace the fan frame to be cleaned. 1. Check the position of the fan frame to be cleaned. Before removing a fan frame that is to be replaced, check the position of the fan frame, for example, the cabinet and chassis where the fan frame is installed. Then, find out the fan frame to be replaced in the chassis and attach a label to the panel to identify the fan frame. 2. 3. Wear the ESD-preventive wrist strap and connect the grounding terminal to the ESD jack on the rack. Remove the fan frame to be replaced from the chassis. a. b. Loosen the four captive screws on both sides of the fan frame with a Phillips screwdriver, as shown in Figure 2-3 . Grasp the handles on the two sides of the fan frame and pull out the fan frame, as shown in Figure 2-3 .

Figure 2-3 Removing a fan module

4.
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Locate the spare fan frame in the chassis.


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a.

Grasp the handles on the two sides of the fan frame and push the fan frame into the chassis, as shown in Figure 2-4 . When you push the fan frame, align the locating holes on the panel of the fan frame with the bolts on the chassis. Push the fan frame gently until the panel of the fan frame touches the two sides of the chassis. Tighten the captive screws clockwise with a Phillips screwdriver to secure the fan frame in the chassis, as shown in Figure 2-4 .

b.

Figure 2-4 Installing a fan module

5.

Verify the function of the new fan frame. In normal situations, after a new fan frame is inserted into the chassis, the fans immediately start to operate to blow air into the chassis. In this case, you can check whether the fan frame functions normally as follows:
l

If the STATUS indicator on the panel of the fan module is green and blinks at the frequency of 0.5 Hz, it indicates that the fan frame runs normally. If the indicator is red, it indicates that the fan frame is abnormal. Run the display fan command to view the running status of the new fan frame. If the output is displayed as follows, it indicates that the new fan frame works normally. Take the S9312 for example:

<Quidway> display fan ------------------------------------------------------------FanId FanNum present register Speed MODE ------------------------------------------------------------17 [1-0] YES YES 100% AUTO 18 [1-0] YES YES 100% AUTO 19 [1-0] YES YES 100% AUTO 20 [1-0] NO NO 0% AUTO

The preceding output information indicates that the fan frame status is restored to normal. If the fan frame is still abnormal, contact the Huawei local office for technical support.
NOTE

The fan IDs of the S9300 correspond to the fan frames on the S9300. The fan frame with a small ID is in the upper part of the chassis, and the fan frame with a large ID is in the lower part of the chassis. For example, on the S9312, the fan frame with the ID being 17 is on the top of the chassis, and the other fan frames are below it.

Step 3 Clean the replaced fan frame.


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Clean the fan, controlling circuit board, and other parts of the spare fan frame with clean cotton pledget, antistatic soft brush, and vacuum cleaner. This fan frame is used as the spare one after cleaning. ----End

2.3.3 Cleaning the Boards


Context
During the operation of the device, dust accumulates on the boards because of air convection in the process of heat dissipation. More dust accumulates on boards if the air is not clean and the relative humidity is low. When dust is accumulated, the heat dissipation and the electric insulation of boards are affected. This threatens the stable operation of the device. To ensure the stable operation of the device, clean all the boards every two years.

Tools
You can choose the tools according to the actual situation:
l l l

Dust cleaner Detergent ESD-preventive wrist straps or gloves

Precautions

WARNING
l

Take ESD preventive measures during the whole process of routine maintenance. For example, perform operations on an antistatic workbench and wear antistatic clothes and wrist straps. Use the detergent that conforms to the industry standard; otherwise, the board may be damaged.

CAUTION
Removing boards that are in service may affect the operation of services. Therefore, clean the boards when traffic volume is low, for example, between 2:00 a.m. and 4:00 a.m.

Procedure
Step 1 Prepare spare boards. You must prepare a spare board for each board in the cabinet before you clean all the boards.
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Step 2 Replace boards. Replace a board with the spare board. You can start removing the dust from the board only when the spare one is running normally. For details about how to replace boards, see Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch Parts Replacement. Step 3 Remove dust. The process of cleaning the boards should be such that the physical attributes and electrical attributes of the boards are protected. The two ways to clean dust are as follows:
l

Using the vacuum Brush dust off the board surface with a clean and dry antistatic soft brush and align the dust intake of a vacuum with the brush. In this case, dust is removed immediately when it is brushed off. This method features simple operation and low cost. But it is difficult to remove harmful gas that is adsorbed on the board surface.

Using the detergent Use the anhydrous, erosion-free, non-conductive, and highly volatile detergent such as Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) to remove dust from boards.

CAUTION
It is recommended that you wear respirator when you use the detergent such as IPA. This method helps to remove dust and harmful gases that are adsorbed on the board surface. It, however, is a complex operation and involves high cost. Step 4 Reuse boards. Due to the limited number of spare boards, you can use the cleaned boards to replace the dirty ones. ----End

2.4 Backing Up and Restoring Configuration Files


This section describes how to back up and restore configuration files. 2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files 2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files

2.4.1 Backing Up the Configuration Files


Context
You can back up the configuration files by using the following ways:
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Procedure
l Copying the screen directly In the CLI, run the display current-configuration command. Copy all the display to txt documents, then back up the configuration files to the hard disk of the maintenance terminal. l Backing up the configuration files through TFTP 1. Copy the configuration files in the CF card directly. This action is to back up the current configuration files that are stored in the CF card of the router. After startup of the device, use the following commands to back up the configuration files in the CF card of the router.
<Quidway> save cfcard:/config.cfg Are you sure to save the configuration to flash:/config.cfg?[Y/N]:y Now saving the current configuration to the slot 4 ...... Save the configuration successfully. <Quidway> copy config.cfg cfcard:/backup.cfg Copy flash:/config.cfg to cfcard:/backup.cfg?[Y/N]:y 100% complete/ Info: Copied file flash:/config.cfg to cfcard:/backup.cfg...Done.

2.

Assign an IP address for the router. The router acts as the TFTP client. Connect the router to the maintenance terminal. Establish the Telnet environment and assign an IP addresses for the interface. A reachable route must exist between the TFTP client and the TFTP server.

3.

Start the TFTP server application program. Start the TFTP server application in the PC. Set the path, the IP address, and the port number of the TFTP server to download the configuration files.

4.

Transfer the configuration files. In the user view, run the tftp command.
<Quidway> tftp 10.110.24.209 put config.cfg Info: Transfer file in binary mode. Uploading the file to the remote TFTP server. Please wait.../ TFTP: Uploading the file successfully. 3501 bytes send in 1 second.

Backing up the configuration files through FTP 1. 2. Connect the router to the maintenance terminal, establish the Telnet environment and assign an IP address for the interface. Start the FTP service. The router acts as the FTP server. Start the FTP server on the router. Create an FTP user whose username is router and password is 123. Authorize the user to visit cfcard:\.
<Quidway> system-view [Quidway] ftp server enable [Quidway] aaa [Quidway-aaa] local-user router password cipher 123 [Quidway-aaa] local-user router ftp-directory cfcard:/ [Quidway-aaa] local-user router service-type ftp

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3.

Initiate an FTP connection to the router from the maintenance terminal. On the PC, establish an FTP connection with the router through the FTP client. For example, the IP address of the router is 10.110.24.254.
C:\Documents and Setting\Administrator> ftp 10.110.24.254 Connected to 10.110.24.254. 220 FTP service ready. User (10.110.24.254:(none)): router 331 Password required for router. Password: 230 User logged in.

4.

Set the parameters. After the FTP user passes authentication, the FTP client prompts "ftp>". Enter binary and specify the directory for storing the configuration files on the FTP client.
ftp> binary 200 Type set to I. ftp> lcd c:\temp Local directory now C:\temp.

5.

Transfer the configuration files. Run the get command on the PC to download the configuration files to the local specified directory and save them as backup.cfg.
ftp> get config.cfg backup.cfg 200 Port command okay. 150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for config.cfg. 226 Transfer complete. ftp: 1021 bytes received in 0.06Seconds 60.02Kbytes/sec. ftp>

6. ----End

Check whether the config.cfg and backup.cfg files are of the same size. If they are of the same size, the backup is successful.

2.4.2 Restoring the Configuration Files


Context
You can restore the configuration files through the following ways:
NOTE

After restoring the configuration files, restart the device to make the configuration files take effect. Run the startup saved-configuration command to specify the configuration file for next startup. If the configuration file name is unchanged, you do not need to run this command. Then run the reboot command to restart the device.

Procedure
l Restoring the configuration files saved in the CF card This operation is to restore the configuration files saved in the CF card of the device as the configuration files of the current system. Run the following commands when the device works normally.
<Quidway> copy cfcard:/backup.cfg cfcard:/vrpcfg.zip Copy cfcard:/backup.cfg to cfcard:/vrpcfg.zip?[Y/N]:y

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100% complete/ Info: Copied file cfcard:/backup.cfg to cfcard:/vrpcfg.zip...Done.

Restoring the configuration files saved in the PC through TFTP The device works as the TFTP client. The restoration procedure is similar to that of backing up the configuration files through TFTP. Run the tftp get command to download the configuration files saved in the PC to the CF card of the device.

Restoring the configuration files saved in the PC through FTP The device acts as the FTP server. The restoration procedure is similar to that of backing up the configuration files through FTP. Run the put command to upload the configuration files saved in the PC to the CF card of the device.

----End

2.5 Grounding System Maintenance


How to maintain the grounding system. 2.5.1 Checking the Grounding System 2.5.2 Measuring the Grounding Resistance

2.5.1 Checking the Grounding System


To maintain the grounding system, check the following:
l

Check the electrical contact between the metallic parts and the cabinet body. The metallic parts and the cabinet body must be well contacted. The contact points such as screw holes, guide lanes, and lifting ears cannot be painted. Otherwise, bad electrical contact may occur. Check the grounding terminals at the front and back doors and the side doors. These terminals must be well connected with the grounding wires. Check the grounding buses of combined neighboring cabinets. If cabinets are combined, the neighboring cabinets must be connected by a grounding bus. Check the yellow and green protecting grounding cables. One end of a grounding cable should connect the PGND grounding bus of the power distribution cabinet in the equipment room, and the other end connects the grounding terminal of the cabinet. The screws that fix the grounding cable must be secure.

2.5.2 Measuring the Grounding Resistance


NOTE

The grounding resistance of a comprehensive communication building should be no more than 1 ; that of a common communication station should be no more than 5 ; that of the place with high earth resistibility should be no more than 10 . To measure the grounding resistance, use an earth resistance tester. Figure 2-5 shows the arrangement of the probes of an earth resistance tester.

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Figure 2-5 Arrangement of probes of an earth resistance tester

NOTE

l l l

Position the current probe and the voltage probe in a manner that is perpendicular to the wires of a grounding net or underground metallic pipes. Do not measure the grounding resistance immediately after a rain.

The distance between the current probe and the rim of a grounding net is d1 and the length of the maximum diagonal line of a grounding net is D. d1 should be 4-5 times as much as D. The distance between the probe and the side of a grounding net is d2. d2 is 50%-60% of d1. During measurement, move the voltage probe along the line connecting the grounding net and the current probe three times; the distance of each movement is 5% of d1. If the three resistance values are similar, it means that the grounding resistance is normal.
NOTE

If measuring d1 is difficult, you can take 2D instead of d1 and take D instead of d2 in a place where the earth resistibility is the same. In a place where the resistibility is different, you can take 3D instead of d1 and take 1.7D instead of d2.

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3
About This Chapter

Risky Operations

This appendix describes the operations that may cause human injury or equipment fault. 3.1 Risky Hardware Operations The following hardware operations may affect the service running and hardware safety or harm the human body; therefore, perform the following operations with caution. 3.2 Risky Command Executions Only trained and qualified personnel can run the commands listed in this section.

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3.1 Risky Hardware Operations


The following hardware operations may affect the service running and hardware safety or harm the human body; therefore, perform the following operations with caution. Table 3-1 Risky hardware operations Item Operations on boards Sub-item Hot swapping the inservice active main board is prohibited. Consequences of Mal-operations
l

When the standby main board runs normally, data synchronization between the active board and the standby one requires a certain period. When the active main board is plugged out, the system performs automatic switchover. The latest data on the active main board, however, cannot be backed up entirely to the standby main board. This results in wrong statistics and data loss. When the standby main board fails, removing the in-service active main board results in interruption of part of or even all services. Pressing the Reset button on the panel forces the board to reset its hardware. This operation can be carried out only by the qualified personnel when fatal faults occur in the system. If the Reset button on the panel is pressed by mistake, the main board will be reset. Its results are the same as those of removing the in-service active main board. Electrostatic discharge on human body damages electrical components on the board. If the maintenance personnel insert or remove boards without wearing an antistatic wrist strap, the board may be damaged or may not run properly.

Pressing the Reset button on the main board at will is prohibited.

Inserting or removing boards without wearing an antistatic wrist strap is prohibited.

Debugging the serial port of the board through the serial cable is prohibited. Operations for cable Installing or removing network cables inside the cabinet at will is prohibited.

Only Huawei engineers can use the debugging serial port. Otherwise, abnormality of board program or board resetting may be caused.
l

The network cables inside the cabinet are used for communication between the host and the maintenance terminal. Installing and removing the cables inside the cabinet at will may cause the maintenance terminal to fail to log in to the switch.

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Item Operations for power supply

Sub-item Switching on or switching off the power supply in the power distribution frame of the cabinet at will is prohibited.

Consequences of Mal-operations
l

Only in the case of upgrading, expansion, parts replacement or fatal faults, the maintenance personnel can operate the power supply following the guidelines. Operations at will may cause fatal faults such as shut-down of the device and interruption of the services.

3.2 Risky Command Executions


Only trained and qualified personnel can run the commands listed in this section. Table 3-2 Risky command executions Classification Reboot Command reboot Function Rebooting the system Consequences of Maloperations This command can be used only in the case of office deployment or upgrading. Otherwise, the services carried by the device will be interrupted. This command can be used only in the case of office deployment or upgrading. Otherwise, the services carried by the device will be interrupted. Only trained and qualified personnel can run this command during deployment or upgrade. If the data on the master board and slave board is not synchronized, the configuration data is lost and services are interrupted. Running this command causes the loss of all the files on the specified storage device, and the files cannot be restored.

Schedule reboot

schedule reboot

Rebooting the system on schedule

Reboot

slave restart

Restart the slave main control board. The switchover is performed forcibly.

Forcible switchover

slave switchover

Formatting

format devicename

Formatting the storage device

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Classification Deletion

Command delete [ / unreserved ] filename

Function Deleting the specified files in the storage device

Consequences of Maloperations Running this command deletes the specified files in the storage device of the switch. If you use the unreserved command when deleting files, the files cannot be restored. When setting user authentication on the console port and the VTY interface, if the mode is password or AAA, you must configure the password or user name for logging in to the router. In the active/standby mode, configure the large files for the next startup on the active and standby main boards at the same time. Otherwise, the switch will restart repeatedly. Running this command will interrupt the services. Running this command will power off a board and interrupt the services. Running a reset command will clear the specified data. For example, running the reset logbuffer command can clear the data in the log buffer; running the reset slot command can reset an LPU to interrupt services. If the save operation is performed improperly, the configuration data will be lost or wrong.

User interface

authenticationmode

Authenticating the login users

System maintenance

startup

Setting the host file for next startup

System maintenance System maintenance System maintenance

upgrade power off slot slot-id reset commands

Upgrading a board Powering off a board Clearing data and resetting hardware

System maintenance

save

Saving data

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4
dir

Common Maintenance Commands

This appendix describes the commonly used commands for routine maintenance. Table 4-1 shows the common maintenance commands. Table 4-1 Common maintenance commands Command Function Displays the information on the specified file or directory in the storage device of the S9300. Displays alarms. Displays the information on BGP peers. Displays the current date and time of the S9300. Displays the information on CPU usage. Displays the current valid parameters of the S9300. Displays the status of the fan. Displays the total number of the FIB entries. Displays the basic information on the router. Displays the parameters of the current FTP server. Displays the operating status and statistics of an interface.

display alarm { slot-id | all } display bgp peer display clock display cpu-usage display current-configuration display fan display fib display device [ pic-status | slot-id ] display ftp-server display interface

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Command display ip interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

Function Displays the detailed IP-related configurations and statistics of an interface. The packets, bytes, and multicast packets transmitted and received, and broadcast packets received, sent, and discarded are included. Displays the brief information of the IPv4 routing table. Displays the IS-IS peer relationship. Displays the record in the log buffer. Displays the CPU usage of the router. Displays the brief information of OSPF. Displays OSPF neighbors. Displays RIP neighbors. Displays the status of the patch. Displays the status of the power supply. Displays the configuration files for next startup of the router. Displays the system software and the configuration file names related to the current and next startup. Displays the backup status of the active and standby boards. Displays the status of the slot temperature sensor. Displays the record in the alarm buffer. Displays the status of voltage sensor in the specified slot. Displays the version of system software. Displays IP network connection. You can check whether the host is reachable.

display ip routing-table display isis peer display logbuffer display memory-usage display ospf [ process-id ] brief display ospf [ process-id ] peer display rip process-id neighbor display patch-information display power display saved-configuration display startup

display switchover state display temperature display trapbuffer display voltage slot slot-id display version ping

tracert

Tests the gateways the packets pass through from the host to the destination. You can check the network connection to locate the faults.

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Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations


This section describes the routine maintenance items and operations that are not used often. Maintenanc e Item Interface and link status Operation Guide Run the display interface brief command. Standards for Reference
l

Result

The interface or link in use is in Up state, and the interface not in use is in Down state.

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Maintenanc e Item Interface configuration

Operation Guide Run the display interface or display currentconfiguration command.

Standards for Reference Check the status and configurations of the interface.
l

Result

No command except shutdown can be run on the interface in Down state. The interface in Up state must be configured. After two query operations, the Input and Output packets on an interface in Up state should be increased every time. If no traffic is transmitted or received on the interface, the packets are not increased. After two query operations, the number of discarded packets should be the same as the number of errored packets. That is, there are no packets newly discarded or new errored packets. The operating modes, including speeds and duplex modes, on the two ends must be the same.

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Maintenanc e Item Interface description

Operation Guide Run the display interface command.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The description of the active interfaces should comply with the description standards of customers. If the customers do not have the description standards, following the rule: Local device name-Local port number->Peer device name-Port number-// Interface speed. Check the IP address of the interface. The displayed information includes IP address, physical status of the interface, protocol status, and interface description. For the IP addresses of the interfaces between network devices, the subnet mask contains 30 bits. The MTU is the same as the MTU of the connected interface. If the system runs normally, the data does not change when you run the command for the second time and the value is equal to or smaller than 500. If a mirroring port is not used, run the undo observe-port command to delete it. The FTP port not in use should be shut down.
5-3

IP interface

Run the display ip interface brief command.

IP address

Run the display interface command.

MTU

Run the display interface command. Run the display ip interface command. After five minutes, run the command again. Then collect data twice and compare the data. Run the display port-mirroring command. Run the display ftpserver command.

Statistics on an interface

Mirroring port

FTP port

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Maintenanc e Item Cleaning

Operation Guide View the outside and inside of the chassis, the air filter in the chassis, the floor, and the table top.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

No obvious dust exists. If the air filter is covered by dust, clean or replace it in time; otherwise, the heat dissipation in the chassis is affected. When the device works normally, all the fans should operate normally (except for the fans that are being cleaned). Power off the fans will increase the temperature of the device, and the boards may be damaged. Do not place anything at the air intake of the chassis and clean the fans and air filter periodically. The power cables should be separated from the service cables. The cables should be deployed orderly. The labels are clean, correct, and standardized. Check whether the chassis is complete. The chassis should not be damaged or go moldy. The blank panel is installed in the empty slot.

Heat dissipation

View the heat dissipation condition in the chassis.

Cable layout

View the cable layout in the chassis.

Cable label

View the cable labels in the chassis. Check whether the chassis is complete.

Appearance of the chassis

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Maintenanc e Item Heat dissipation in the chassis

Operation Guide Check whether heat dissipation in the chassis is normal.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The air intake is not covered by dust and the heat dissipation in the chassis is normal. If the air filter is covered by dust, clean it in time. It is recommended to clean the air filter quarterly. For details, see 2.3.1 Cleaning the Air Filter. All the configurations should be useful; otherwise, delete the undesired configurations. The S9312 and S9306 both have four power supplies and the S9303 has two power supplies. The switches of the power supplies that work in backup mode are in On state. If there is no backup power supplies, record the event. No fire risk exists and all the fire protection facilities are normal. All the doors, windows, and security meshes are normal.

Undesired configuration s

Run the display currentconfiguration command. Check whether the power supplies are backed up.

Power supply backup

Fire protection

Check the key components such as chassis, subrack, and cabling trough. Check the doors, windows, and security mesh of the equipment room.

Guard against theft

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Maintenanc e Item OSPF Router ID

Operation Guide Run the display currentconfiguration configuration ospf or display router id command.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The router ID should be the address of the Loopback interface. If no address is assigned to the Loopback interface, you must specify the router ID as the address of an uplink interface or the interface with minimum probability of being Down. The configured router ID must be the same as the router ID used by OSPF. You are advertised to run the network command. You can also configure the device to import routes. Using OSPF virtual links is prohibited. The import-route command cannot be used in a stub area.

Importing OSPF routes

Run the display currentconfiguration configuration ospf command. Run the display ospf vlink command. Run the display currentconfiguration configuration ospf command. Run the display ospf error command. After five minutes, run the command again. Then collect data twice and compare the data. Run the display currentconfiguration configuration isis command.

OSPF virtual link OSPF stub area

OSPF errored packets

In the normal situation, the collected data does not increase.

Importing ISIS routes

You are advertised to run the networkentity command. You can also configure the device to import routes.

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Maintenanc e Item ISIS system ID

Operation Guide Run the display currentconfiguration configuration isis or display currentconfiguration | include networkentity command.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The system ID is an extension of the address of the Loopback interface. If the Loopback interface is not assigned an address, set the system ID to the address of the uplink interface. Normally, up to three areas can be configured.

IS-IS address

Run the display currentconfiguration configuration isis command. Run the display currentconfiguration configuration bgp command.

Advertising BGP routes

Do not advertise the IP routes through the import-route command, except the VPN routes. Run the network and ip route-static ipaddress { mask | masklength } null0 commands to aggregate routes manually, and then advertise the routes. Avoid redundant static routes.

Static routes

Run the display ip routing-table protocol static command. Run the display currentconfiguration configuration bgp command. Run the display vll ccc command.

IBGP peers

To keep the protocol stability, you are advised to set up peer relationship by using Loopback interfaces, which are always Up. The value of "state" should be "up."

CCC connections

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Maintenanc e Item SVC VLL

Operation Guide Run the display mpls static-l2vc command.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The value of "AC Status" should be "up." The value of "VC State" should be "up." The value of "Session State" of the LDP session should be "up." The value of "AC Status" should be "up." The value of "VC State" should be "up." When all the L2VPN connections in Kompella mode are checked, the value of "connections" should be "up." When the L2VPN connection in Kompella mode on the specified interface is checked, the value of "local vc state" should be "up" and the value of "remote vc state" should be "up." The value of "VCState" should be "up." The routes destined for the peer CE exist. The values of "Export VPN Targets" and "Import VPN Targets" should be correct.

VLL connection in Martini mode

Run the display mpls l2vc command.

VLL connection in Kompella mode

Run the display mpls l2vpn connection command.

VPLS connections VPN routes

Run the display vpls connection command. Run the display ip routing-table vpninstance command. Run the display ip vpn-instance verbose command.

Routing attribute sent or received by a VPN instance

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Maintenanc e Item BPDU tunnel status

Operation Guide Run the display bpdu-tunnel global config command in the system view to check the global BPDU configuration. Run the display stp [ interface interface-type interface-number1 [ to interfacenumber2 ] [ brief ] command to check whether the device can send or receive the STP BPDUs.

Standards for Reference


l

Result

The value of "BridgeRole" of the CE should be "customer." The value of "BridgeRole" of the PE should be "provider." If the value of "Status" of an interface is "Normal," it indicates that no loop exists in the VLAN where the interface resides. If the value of "BPDU Sent" is not 0, it indicates that the interface can send the STP BPDUs. If the value of "BPDU Received" is not 0, it indicates that the interface can receive the STP BPDUs. The STP status of the specified port and the root port should be "FORWARDING." The STP status of the backup root port should be "DISCARDING."

MSTP status

Run the display stp brief command.

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Maintenanc e Item LDT loop detection

Operation Guide Run the display loop-detection command. Run the display loop-detection [ interface { interface-type interface-number | interface-name }] command.

Standards for Reference When the LDT functions are configured normally,
l

Result

If no ports are displayed in "Following ports are block for loop" and "Following ports are shutdown for loop," it indicates that no loop exists in the VLAN where loop detection is enabled. If the value of "Status" is "Normal," it indicates that no loop exists in the VLAN where the interface resides. The value of "Member" of the Smart Link group is correct. The master interface should be in ACTIVE state. The slave interface should be in INACTIVE state. The value of "Ring State" should be "Complete." The value of "Port status" of the primary port should be "UP." The value of "Port status" of the secondary port should be "BLOCKED."

Smart Link status

Run the display smart-link group command.

RRPP status

Run the display rrpp verbose domain command on the active node.

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Issue 02 (2010-07-15)

Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch Routine Maintenance

5 Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations

Maintenanc e Item Link aggregation status

Operation Guide Run the display ethtrunk command.

Standards for Reference


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Result

The value of "WorkingMode" should be the same as the aggregation mode of the peer device. The value of "Operate Status" of the EthTrunk interface should be "up." The value of "DLDP port state" should be "advertisement." If the value of "DLDP link state" is "disable," it indicates that the unidirectional link is detected on the port. The port is disabled automatically or manually. You need to locate and rectify the fault to ensure that the services run normally. The value of "State" should not be "Initialize." The VRRP status of the backup node in the VRRP group cannot be "Master." The values of "Checksum errors", "Version errors," and "Vrid errors" should be 0. The value of "State" should be "Up" or "Admindown." The status of all BFD sessions should be "Up." The value of "EFM State" should be "detect."

DLDP link status

Run the display dldp command.

VRRP status

Run the display vrrp command. Run the display vrrp statistics command.

BFD session status

Run the display bfd session all verbose command. Run the display bfd statistics command.

EFM OAM session status

Run the display efm session all command.

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5 Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations

Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch Routine Maintenance

Maintenanc e Item Program watching

Operation Guide Verify the effect of different types of programs, such as network programs, free programs, paid programs based on the percentage daily. Run the display l2multicast forwarding-table command to view the Layer 2 multicast forwarding table. Run the display multicast forwarding-table command to view the Layer 3 multicast forwarding table.

Standards for Reference


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Result

The programs should be watched normally.

Multicast forwarding table

The multicast forwarding entries are correct.

IGMP routing information PIM multicast routing table information Multicast routing protocol

Run the display igmp routing-table command. Run the display pim routing-table command. Run the display multicast routingtable command.

The IGMP routing entries are correct. The PIM multicast routing entries are correct. The intra-domain multicast routing protocol should be PIM-SM. All the multicast interfaces should be enabled with IGMP. The multicast groups that the interfaces join are the specified multicast groups. The value of "Status" should be "Operational."

Multicast group

Run the display igmp group command. Run the display mpls ldp session command.

LDP session status

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Issue 02 (2010-07-15)

Quidway S9300 Terabit Routing Switch Routine Maintenance

5 Reference for Routine Maintenance Items and Operations

Maintenanc e Item MPLS LSRID

Operation Guide Run the display currentconfiguration | include mpls lsr-id command.

Standards for Reference


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Result

The LSR ID should be the address of the Loopback interface. The LSR ID is unique on the backbone network. If no address is assigned to the Loopback interface, you must specify the LSR ID as the address of an uplink interface or the interface with minimum probability of being Down. Normally, the value of "Peer RowStatus" should be "Active." The session status of all VCs should be "up." At least one PoE power supply is working.

MPLS LDP peer status Status of the VC in Martini mode PoE power supply

Run the display mpls ldp peer command. Run the display mpls l2vc command. Run the display poe-power command.

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