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Huawei RAN Sharing

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Huawei Confidential

Huawei LTE RAN Sharing

Huawei

MOCN 3GPP

MOCN(multi-operator core network)

MOCN TS 23.251 3GPP Rel. 8 c UMTS LTE RAN sharing

Multi-

LTE RAN Sharing 3GPP LTE , LTE UE


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RAN Sharing -

PM/FM/CM

FM/CM, PM


L
T
E

L
T
E

L
T
E

L
T
E

L
T
E

C1

C2

C3

C4

C1/C2/C3/C4


R R R R R R
F F F F F F
U U U U U U

O&M
Operator A
NMS

Operator B
NMS

BBU

Shared Master OSS

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Shared
RNC

eNodeB
Cell B
Cell A
Cell C
Cell B
Cell A
Cell C

eRAN , eRAN.

PLMN ( LTE).

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Page 9
9
Page

A
CN

A NMS

B
CN

B NMS

S1 interface

Itf-N

eRAN

OSS

Distributed eNodeB

eRAN

Macro
eNodeB

RAN Sharing eRAN2.0 2010Q2

X2 interface
X2 interface

4
2


eRAN (eNodeB)

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f1

f1
f1

f2

Page 10

f2
f2

FM/PM/CM

A NMS

The cell level CM is completely


isolated, and operator can only
manage the authorized cells, at the
same time CME will still guarantee
the integrity and validity for the
configuration data.

B NMS
WS
Operator A

Itf-N

WS
Operator B

Itf-N

OSS

CME
Database

The cell level CM is independent


and each operator can carry out
the individualized cell level
parameter setting according to
the practical network demand.

M2000

Cell level parameter


access control in
terms of operators

Shared
UTRAN

UTRAN
A
CN

B
CN

OSS O&M, , , ..
CM CME,
PM/FM/CM .

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Page 11

HPLMN .
CN

MME

SGW

Shared eNodeB

PLMN-A

Cell A

PLMN-A

Cell A

Cell A

Cell B
MME

SGW

PLMN-B

CN

Cell B

PLMN-B

Cell B


A&B

A B , HPLMN
PLMN
,
-
, ,

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S1-Flex
CN A
SGW

SGW

CN B

SGW

MME
MME
MME

S1 Flex

SGW

S1 interface

eNodeB

f1

f1
f1

f2

f2
f2

S1-Flex
.

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Page 13

eRAN & 2G3G

CN

eNodeB
A's UE

f2

B's UE

eRAN 2G/3G

eRAN

CN

eRAN 2G3G
-

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f1

,
.
, , .

.LCS
..
..

.eMBMS

eNodeB

LCS
eMBMS

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S1/X2
CN A
. A & B

eNodeB

CN B

VLAN

IP Backhaul

L2 + L3

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L2
Page 16

eRAN

eNodeB

eNodeB

.
.

LTE UE

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X2

Page 17

(MOCN)

A
A
NMS

B
NMS

Uu Interface

S1 interface

SIB1

OSS
eNodeB

UE

RAN

X2 interface

eRAN

f1
f1

f1

f1
f1

f1

SystemInformationBlockType1
{

f1

PLMN-IdentityList
{
{

}
{

/
LTE, 3GPP

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}
...

Page 18

OperA PLMN-id

...

OperB PLMN-id

...

MOCN

A NMS

B NMS

Itf-N

CM


RAN,
.

Itf-N

OSS

FM

RAN
.

eUTRAN

PM


, ,

Huawei MOCN PM!


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Page 19

MOCN

S1 Interface


PLMN-id A


PLMN-id B

eNodeB

1.

PLMN ID
SIB1.

2.

UE
HPLMN.

3.

UE e-UTRAN PLMN-id
RRCConnectionSetupComplete.

4.

eNodeB UE CN
PLMN-id.

5.


PLMN, eSIM
,
UE.

Huawei MOCN 4
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Roaming users

1:

2:

A

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:
UE?
UE 3GPP?
ID
. ?

X%


B
(100-X)%

eNodeB

Page 21

MOCN

CN

CN

2G3G

MOCN

2G3G
A

LTE

LTE

UE MOCN LTE .
UE MOCN 2G3G

Huawei MOCN !
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Page 22

S1-Flex
CN A
SGW

SGW

CN B

SGW

MME
MME
MME

S1 Flex

SGW

S1

eNodeB

f1

f1
f1

f2

f2
f2

S1-Flex
.

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S1/X2
A CN

A & B

eNodeB

B CN

VLAN

IP Backhaul

L2 + L3

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L2
Page 24

MOCN

LTE UE
UE
LTE. UE
MOCN.

eNodeB
, eNodeB
MOCN.

MME
.
MOCN TAC.
eNodeB E-UTRAN
MCC MNC, .
eNodeB ID E-UTRAN Cell ID .

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Page 25

RAN Sharing

3GPP R8

3GPP R8

OAM

PM/FM/CM ( )

FM/CM,
PM

S1-flex

UE

3GPP R8 MOCN

RAN MOCN

RAN Sharing ( )
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: &

, Huawei

, ,
( )

: A B 60:40,
10% ,

Huawei

: A B 60:40.
, ..
( ).

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Page 30

Huawei LTE RAN Sharing

Huawei

Sample RAN Sharing Commercial Cases


Operators

Country

RAN Vendor

UMTS RAN Sharing (Dedicated Carrier)

Spain

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Remark

UK

NSN

RAN Sharing (Dedicated Carrier)

Sweden

Ericsson

MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Australia

Ericsson

MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Sweden

NSN

MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Poland

UMTS MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Canada

UMTS MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Canada

UMTS MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Sweden

LTE MOCN (Shared Carrier)

Sweden

GSM MOCN (Shared Carrier)

India

GSM RAN Sharing (Dedicated Carrier)

Page 32

Vodafone Spain- Dedicated Carrier solution


Spain

Brief Introduction

Po
nte
ved
ra

Asturias

Cantabria

Lugo

63

Vizcaya

a
zco

Navarra

Burgos

Palencia

La Rioja
27

Orense

ip
69

Gu

Alava
lava

Len

40

Huesca

Need to Provide 70% coverage within time claimed and balance TCO savings and
expanded coverage with inevitable loss of independence

Zamora

Soria

Valladolid

11

vila

Teruel

Toledo
Cceres

73

Menorca

50

Cuenca

15
Valencia

Mallorca

139
Ciudad Real

45

Each operator is in charge of managing its own traffic and quality of service.

Crdoba
Huelva

Ca
st
e

123

Share their Networks in towns between 1,000 and 25,000 inhabitants based on
Dedicated Carrier solution.

Badajoz

Tarragona

9
Guadalajara

Salamanca

In October 2007, 1,000 node B has been shared. And 5,000 NodeB will be shared
(2,500 per Operator) in the next 4 years.

147
Barcelona

Zaragoza

45

Segovia

Madrid

Gerona
Lrida

33

ll
n

La Corua

Albacete

24

Cabrera

Ibiza

Alicante

Formentera

Jan

Murcia

Sevilla
Granada

Almera

12

Mlaga

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Cdiz

La Palma

Tenerife

Lanzarote
Fuerteventura

Gomera
Ceuta
Melilla
Hierro

Benefits

Reduce 40% sites, Reduce 40% CAPEX ; Increase 25%


coverage.

Vodafone launch HSDPA/HSUPA services

User experience improved

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RAN Sharing

Las Palmas

Business Mode

VDF deploy its Network and share with Orange.

Standard common procedures have been defined between OR and VF:


Migrations, Iu and cell integrations, etc.

Page 33

Telus & Bell -- UMTS/HSPA MOCN sharing


Canada

Project Information
Telus and Bell cooperate to build a shared.

UMTS/HSPA network to save the investment.


Telus & Bell choose MOCN to realize the

network sharing.
Huawei provided 70% of RAN equipments.

Benefits for Telus


Increased national coverage from 65% to 98%.
Reduced sites number by 50%.
Less deployment time, short time to market.
Lowering costs and increasing speed of
national build.

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Telus and Bell: Frequency Information

1900M:
15M in Canada West
15M in Canada East
850M:
12.5M in Canada East

1900M:
15M in Canada West
20M in Canada East
850M:
12.5M in Canada West

Bell in East and Telus in West deploy UTRAN with 850MHz full coverage and 1900MHz for Urban & SubUrban
Urban & Sub-Urban

West

Urban & Sub-Urban

1900M

850M

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1900M

850M

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East

Telus and Bell Network: Introduction

In 2007 Telus and Bell decided individually to investigate their respective wireless network
evolution

Telus and Bell decided to cooperate on technology and vendor selection with a clear
migration path towards LTE in future

In Q2 2008 the technology selection resulted in UMTS/HSPA and vendor selection resulted in
Huawei deploying about 70% of the UTRAN while vendor N deploying the rest of the UTRAN.

From Executive level at Bell and Telus the decision about using RAN sharing was made
Huawei promoted the MORAN capability deployed in Vodafone Spain

Eventually the decision to use MOCN was made


Probably because MOCN is a 3GPP feature and the fact that MOCN has a higher spectrum
efficiency than the MORAN feature

Huawei enables a best-in-class solution to deploy multi-carrier solutions with the DBS3900
product line

The HSPA technology shall evolve into HSPA+ Phase 1 and Phase 2 and finally towards LTE

Both Telus and Bell planned to deploy private cells co- exisited with MOCN cells

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Operator Logo Display


Multiple PLMN List
A concern is to display the other operator network name in the display of their own UE
Example: Bell UE displaying Telus Network name or vice versa
Telus addressed the risk of Non-Supporting UEs not able to decode the Master Information Block (MIB) properly when the Multiple
PLMN List IE is included
Both Telus and Bell will test in their respective lab with a number of existing UEs built on different platforms
Telus initiated usage of a Non-Specific PLMN as a Common PLMN for the entire MOCN macro network
Due to the risk for problems with Non-Supporting UEs then Telus pushed for only using the Non-Specific Common PLMN
But Bell disagree on the subject

Bell Proposal

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Master Information Block


{
PLMN identity = Non-Specific Common PLMN
Multiple PLMN List
{
MIB PLMN identity = FALSE
Multiple PLMNs
{
Bell PLMN
Telus PLMN
}
}

Page 37

Operator Logo Display


Network Name in the UE display
Both Telus and Bell have agreed to use Bell proposal.
Using a Non-Specific Common PLMN will move the responsibility of operator selection from the
Non-Supporting UE to the RNC
Important for roaming UEs seen from a business perspective (assumption is that majority of UEs
will be Non-Supporting UEs)
For Telus UEs, the USIM card will show Telus network for both the Telus PLMN and the Nonspecific Common PLMN
For Bell UEs, the USIM card will show Bell network for both the Bell PLMN and the Nonspecific Common PLMN
For roaming UEs the NITZ function (TS22.042) is used for transfer of network name to the
UE for display
If the UE supports NITZ then the display will show correct name
If not then the UE decides what to display

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Operator Selection Function

Telus and Bell requested a Proportional Operator Selection Function which could be reconfigured during regular network operation
Initial weights should be 50/50

Huawei originally implemented a Round-Robin Operator Selection Function


Which was rejected by both Telus and Bell

Huawei R&D suggested the Default PLMN Operator Selection Function


Eventually accepted by both Telus and Bell

Major portion of feedback and questions were related to understanding Cell and PLMN selection in the UE
Due to disagreement between Telus and Bell on Cell Broadcast Information both operators conducted deep investigations
of Operator Selection Function behavior
A major concern was to include the Redirect Flag properly to avoid any roaming UEs to leave
the MOCN network in favor of competitor network (Rogers)
Clarification of Emergency Calls
Clarification of any possible handling of faulty UEs selecting wrong PLMN or faulty indication
of selected PLMN

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Page 39

Huawei LTE MOCN Delivery to N4M


Project Background:
Net4Mobility: the JV of Telenor and Tele2

Telenor NMS
OMC
G/L MSR BTS

Tele2 NMS

BSC

All the network all over Sweden: GSM900/1800

Tele2 CN

LTE900/2600 multi mode co-site

The 1st GL900 Refarming solution over the world


4 Regions with each operator deploy & maintain 2 of them.

MOCN Shared
G/L RAN

Transmission
Network
Telenor CN
GL MOCN solution

Challenges:
Modernization and evolution of GSM existing network
Competition of MBB network deployment and operation
Reduce TCO and improve revenue

Value and benefits:


Evolution of GSM to LTE with SDR compliant to ETSI
Strong LTE900 chain to help the success in MBB
Low CAPEX WITH GSM and LTE MOCN solution

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World 1st Commercial GSM MOCN for N4M

Scope and business model

All 2G/LTE Site RAN are Both MOCN.


Set up a 50:50 JV (N4M) to own all shared assets (new SDR GSM/LTE equipments, new sites, spectrum, etc.)

Operating Model

A fully shared RAN divided evenly into 4 areas and with each area managed by a single operator
New Common PLMN ID for Telenor & Tele2.

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Net4Mobility GSM MOCN: Summary


Items

Net4Mobility

Scenario

SWAP+Refarming+MOCN

Business Model

JV for operating MOCN;


Each operators are responsible for different areas.

PLMN ID

New PLMN ID for MOCN.


NITZ to resolve PLMN Name display.

Subscribers Migration

No migration.
Two operators become MOCN directly.

Re-routing Selection

Based on CN.

CN requirements

NRI, EPLMN, NITZ

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Thank you
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