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# BANSAL CLASSES

XI (P, Q, R, S)
s
ill

C O N T E N T S

## KEY CONCEPTS EXERCISE-I EXERCISE -II EXERCISE-III ANSWER KEY

KEY

CONCEPTS

THINGS TO REMEMBER
ds ; a = dv = v dv v= dt dt ds ; s = Jvdt; = Ja dt ; = Ja ds where the symbols have their usual meaning . The equations ofmotion for a body moving in straight line with uniform acceleration, are , 1 * = ut h=v t r - \(m) 2v - 2_L1 u + 2as (i) v = u + at (ii) s=|r11 ' v + u^ (iv) s = u + ^ a ( 2 n - l ) (v)
v u + V t a t a t 2 n

2.

If a body is thrown vertically up with a velocity u in the uniform gravitational field then (neglecting air resistance): (i) Maximum height attained H= (ii) Time of ascent = time of descent = g 2u (iii) Total time of flight (iv) Velocity of fall at the point of projection=u downwards
:

KINEMATIC GRAPH: Slope ofthe displacement time graph at any particular time gives the magnitude ofthe instantaneous velocity at that particular time. Slope ofthe v -1 graph will give the magnitude of the instantaneous acceleration. The area between the v - t graph, the time axis and the ordinates erected at the beginning & end oftime interval considered will represent the total displacement of the body. 5. RELATIVE VELOCITY: (a) Velocity of 'A' relative to 'B' is given by V = V - V V refers to the velocity which 'A' appears to have as seen by B. The above idea of 1 dimensional relative motion can be extended to motion in 2 dimensions. (b) Angular velocity of A relative to B i.e. co is given by velocityof ArelativetoBinadirectionperpendiculartoAB AB AB 6. LEVEL GROUND PROJECTILE MOTION: When abody is thrown obliquely (in a vertical plane) into the uniform gravitationalfieldthen the trajectory (actual path of motion) is a parabola. The horizontal component of velocity ucos a remains unchanged where as vertical component decreases up to the maximum height and then increases. (a) Time taken to reach the height point t ^ usina i y a (minimum (b) Maximum height H - u sm velocity) 2g
AB A B AB AB
=

u cos a

=2t

## (d) Horizontal range = (ucos a). T= - (ucos a) (usina)

v

u sin 2 a
2

>x
u c o s a

[Figure 1]

(e) if a = 45 ' Rm Note that for a given velocity ofprojection & a given horizontal range there are in general two directions of proj ection which are complement ofeach other and are equally inclined to the direction ofthe maximum range.

^Bansal Classes

Kinematics

[2]

## (F) VELOCITY & DIRECTION O F MOTION A T A GIVEN TIME :

VcosB =ucosa Squaring & adding these 2 equations we will get the velocity of the VsinB =usina-gt projectile. Dividing the velocities in y and x directions gives the direction of motion.
( g ) VELOCITY & DIRECTION O F MOTION A T A GIVEN HEIGHT H :

## V cos 0 =u cos a on adding V = u - 2 gh V sin 0 =u sin a-2gh_

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

## (i) V=u+ gt (ii) S=ut+gt (iii) V = -=u+-gt (V = average velocity vector)

2

av

2.

av

(i)

EQUATION O F TRAJECTORY :

gx - x tan a 2u cos a v Ry dy Note that dx represent the direction of motion 7. PROJECTILE UP AN INCLINED PLANE : (a) Total time of flight onthe inclined plane 2/ sin ( a - P ) T _ 2u // \ s g cosp Oblique Proj ection (refer fig-1) y = x tan a 2 2

(b)

## Range PQ on the inclined plane PQ

2u cosa . sin(a-P) g cos p
2 2

kf
gcos (3

[sin (2 a - P) - sinP]

(c)

(d)
W

71 u p ForMaxmimumrange 2 a - P = =>a= + ^ T " Z* Hence the direction for maximum range bisects the angle between the vertical and the inclined plane. R = u
2
max

g(l+sinP)
2

(e)

## Greatest distance ofthe projectile from the inclined plane;

u sin (a-p)
2

S = 2g cosp when the projectile is at H, its velocity perpendicular to the plane is zero. 8. PROJECTILE DOWN AN INCLINED PLANE: (a) Time offlight= ' ( P)
2 u s n a +

2 2

faBansal Classes

Kinematics

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