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Difference between Pipes and Tubes

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Difference between Pipes and Tubes


Pipes and tubes are not the same Pipes
The purpose with a pipe is the transport of a fluid like water, oil or similar, and the most import property is the capacity or the inside diameter.

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For a ASME/ANSI B 36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe the inside diameter - ID - of a NPS 2 inches pipe with schedule 40 is 2.067" schedule 80 is 1.939" The inside diameters are close to 2" and the nominal diameter related to the inside diameter. Outside diameter are 2.375" for both schedules. Since the outside diameter of a single nominal pipe size is kept constant the inside diameter of a pipe will depend on the "schedule" or the thickness of the pipe. The schedule and the actual thickness of a pipe varies with the size of the pipe. It is common to identify pipes in inches by using NPS or "Nominal Pipe Size". The metric equivalent is called DN or "diametre nominel". The metric designations conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) usage and apply to all plumbing, natural gas, heating oil, and miscellaneous piping used in buildings. The use of NPS does not conform to American Standard pipe designations where the term NPS means "National Pipe Thread Straight". Nominal Bore (NB) may be specified under British standards classifications along with schedule (wall thickness). The tolerances are looser to pipes compared with tubes and they are often less expensive to produce.

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Tubes
The nominal dimensions of tubes are based on the outside diameter. If we look at Copper Tubes - ASTM B88 the outside diameter of a 2" pipe is 2.125", relatively close to 2".

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The inside diameter of a tube will depend on the thickness of the tube. The thickness is often specified as a gauge. If we look at Copper Tubes - ASTM B88 the wall thickness of 0.083"of a 2" pipe is gauge 14. The tolerances are higher with tubes compared to pipes and tubes are often more expensive to produce than pipes.
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Dimensions - Sizes and dimensions of pipes and tubes, and their fittings - inside and outside diameter, weight and more
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m3 liters in 3 ft3 us gal

Related Documents
B.W.G. - Birmingham Wire Gauge - The wall thickness of pipes - Gauge and decimal parts of an inch Carbon, Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipes - ASME/ANSI B36.10/19 - Pipe sizes, inside and outside diameters, wall thickness, schedules, moment of inertia, transverse area, weight of pipe filled with water U.S. Customary Units Copper Tubes - ASTM B88 - Copper Water and Gas Tube according ASTM B 88 - imperial units NPS - 'Nominal Pipe Size' and DN - 'Diametre Nominal' - The size of pipes, fittings, flanges and valves are often given in inches as NPS - Nominal Pipe Size, or in metric units as DN - 'Diametre Nominal'

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Difference between Pipes and Tubes

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psi inches H2 O

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