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3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

GSA regularly surveys the evolution of mobile to 3G and beyond, and confirms:

325 commercial WCDMA operators in 135 countries

WCDMA is the leading 3G system globally with over 73% commercial networks share

97% of commercial WCDMA operators have launched HSPA service

453 million WCDMA subscribers (Q4 09)

151 million WCDMA subscriptions added in 12 months; 50% annual growth

364 HSPA operator commitments in 144 countries

315 HSPA operators commercially launched in 133 countries

Over 79% of commercial HSDPA networks support 3.6 Mbps peak or higher

53.3% of commercial HSDPA networks support 7.2 Mbps peak or higher

80 HSPA+ network commitments; 41 HSPA+ networks in commercial service

110 operators committed to HSUPA; 98 HSUPA operators launched in 52 countries

14 commercial UMTS900 (HSPA) networks launched; 258 user devices announced

2,137 HSDPA devices launched; 67% annual growth

493 HSUPA devices launched; 156% annual growth

GSA Surveys referenced in this Fact Sheet include:

UMTS900 Global Status

December 3, 2009

http://www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

HSPA Devices Survey

January 26, 2010

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/wcdma_databank.php4

Mobile broadband growth reports

February 11, 2010

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

WCDMA-HSPA Launches

February 4, 2010

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/wcdma_databank.php4

HSPA Operator Commitments

February 4, 2010

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/wcdma_databank.php4

Evolution to LTE

December 10, 2009

http://www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_288.php4

Digital Dividend Update

February 2, 2010

http://www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

EDGE Fact Sheet

February 1, 2010

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/edge_databank.php4#EDGE_Fact_Sheet

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/edge_databank.php4#EDGE_Fact_Sheet WCDMA subscribers including HSPA WCDMA (including HSPA) has

WCDMA subscribers including HSPA WCDMA (including HSPA) has more than 75% market share of global 3G subscriptions (WCDMA and EV-DO). WCDMA subscriptions worldwide, including HSPA, exceeded 453 million at December 31, 2009 (source: Informa Telecoms & Media). This figure includes more than 217 million HSPA subscriptions.

December 31, 2009 (source: Informa Telecoms & Media). This figure includes more than 217 million HSPA

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010 WCDMA is specified by the ITU as a 3G

WCDMA is specified by the ITU as a 3G standard and is the leading 3G system globally. 325 commercial WCDMA operators are launched in 135 countries; see “WCDMA- HSPA Launches Worldwide” survey at www.gsacom.com

Most WCDMA systems operate in the IMT-2000 core band of 1920 - 1980 MHz paired with 2110 - 2170 MHz. WCDMA systems including HSPA are deployed already in several frequency bands: 850, 900, 1700, 1800, 1900 as well as 2100 MHz. ITU WRC-2000 identified 2.50 - 2.69 GHz spectrum as an "IMT-2000 Extension Band". Licensing of this band for wireless/mobile services has begun and will continue. Network operators have an opportunity to expand their business, capacity and broadband services by acquiring spectrum in this band. Strong interest is shown by WCDMA-HSPA mobile device manufacturers to support this band, and WCDMA- HSPA infrastructure products have been announced.

Mobile communications should be a key beneficiary of the Digital Dividend, which arises from the migration of broadcast TV services from analogue to digital transmissions. One example is the auction in the USA of 62 MHz of spectrum in the

700 MHz band which will accommodate WCDMA-HSPA and LTE Long Term Evolution systems. Spectrum in the 700

MHz band will also be auctioned in Canada, and most likely soon in Mexico and in Chile, for example. In Europe, 790

862 MHz is identified by ITU as a co-primary band for mobile communications, and several governments are preparing to

allocate this spectrum for mobile broadband services. These lower frequencies offer wider area coverage at lower cost, and better building penetration, and will assist greatly extension of mobile broadband coverage to rural areas, and thus reduce the digital divide. A growing number of governments in Europe have committed to allocating Digital Dividend spectrum for mobile broadband services. See GSA report: Digital Dividend Update (February 2010) at www.gsacom.com

High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) The path to mobile broadband began with WCDMA and moved to a new baseline with High Speed Packet Access (HSPA), a 3GPP global standard, with High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) being the first evolution of WCDMA to boost capacity and user downlink data speeds. HSDPA delivers advanced mobile multimedia services with typical user data throughputs of 0.8 5.0 Mbps, according to network and user device capabilities. GSA confirms there are a total of 364 HSPA operator commitments in 144 countries/territories. 315 commercial HSPA operators have launched in 133 countries. 97% of WCDMA operators have launched HSPA. HSPA delivers fast data access for music/video downloads, file sharing, large email attachments, web surfing, streaming services, efficient mobile working and more, and a similar customer experience to fixed line broadband with the added value of mobility. For operators, HSPA means improved efficiencies, lower cost of delivery, increased revenues and profits, and more competitiveness.

More network operators confirm traffic, revenue growth from data/HSPA services see Mobile Broadband Growth - Reports from Operators Worldwide (Updated February 11, 2010) at www.gsacom.com

Worldwide (Updated February 11, 2010) at www.gsacom.com 250 live HSPA operators (over 79%) support 3.6 Mbps

250 live HSPA operators (over 79%) support 3.6 Mbps or higher peak downlink speed, including 168 networks (53.3%)

supporting 7.2 Mbps peak or higher, thus establishing the benchmark for mobile broadband globally.

168 networks (53.3%) supporting 7.2 Mbps peak or higher, thus establishing the benchmark for mobile broadband

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) alleviates uplink capacity bottlenecks, increases data throughput, reduces latency, and improves the user experience of existing services while also enabling new services for increased user satisfaction. 98 operators in 52 countries have launched HSUPA service, with another 12 deployments underway. Uplink speeds are evolving, from the initial 2 Mbps capabilities to 5.8 Mbps which is now becoming increasingly common today. 41 operators have commercially launched HSPA Evolution (HSPA+) systems see next page for details.

Also see Industry predicts 21 Mbps to be next mobile broadband baseline www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_286.php4

UMTS900, UMTS850 (UMTS = WCDMA/HSPA) Using lower frequencies, e.g. 900 MHz or 850 MHz, a much larger coverage footprint compared to 2100 MHz can be achieved. The 900 MHz band is widely used by GSM systems throughout Europe, Russia, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa. 3G/HSPA deployment in the 900 MHz band (UMTS900) significantly reduces the number of cell si tes needed to cover rural and suburban areas, meaning substantial CAPEX and OPEX savings for 3G deployments. Many operators choose a complementary combination of 900 MHz and 2100 MHz; 900 MHz for lower cost wide area coverage, and 2100 MHz for capacity in urban areas. Similar cost and coverage benefits apply to deployments in the 850 MHz band, which are commercially launched in Australia, New Zealand, the Americas, and some Asian markets. 850 MHz spectrum is also available in Africa, Russia, and the Middle East. In the Americas, some operators also utilise the 1900 MHz band or a dual band 850/1900 MHz combination. In Australia, Telstra launched the world’s biggest UMTS850 network in combination with 2100 MHz; Optus uses the 900/2100 MHz combination. UMTS850 and UMTS900 systems leverage economies of scale and maturity of the HSPA eco-system (see chart left), ensuring operators are well positioned for future evolution.

ensuring operators are well positioned for future evolution. Deployment of WCDMA-HSPA systems in the 900 MHz

Deployment of WCDMA-HSPA systems in the 900 MHz band requires regulatory approval in many countries where this band is reserved for GSM use. Many countries now permit UMTS900 deployments and regulatory actions have been taken or are underway in several markets to remove the exclusivity condition. In Europe the GSM Directive was recently amended, allowing mobile broadband (e.g. UMTS-HSPA) to be deployed in the 900 MHz band. Several UMTS900 networks are launched, in progress, or planned and GSA expects more HSPA deployments in the 900 MHz band and consequently a realistic opportunity to address the “rural-urban” digital divide.

14 UMTS900 (HSPA) commercial networks are launched:

Elisa Finland launched the world’s first UMTS900 system on 8 November 2007

Elisa Estonia launched UMTS900, January 2008

AIS launched Asia’s first UMTS900 system in Thailand on 6 May 2008

Optus, Australia launched UMTS900, May 2008

Mobistar, Belgium launched UMTS900, May 2008

Vodafone NZ launched UMTS900, July 2008

Proximus, Belgium launched UMTS900, July 2008

DNA, Finland launched UMTS900, October 2008

Siminn, Iceland launched UMTS900, October 2008

Digitel, Venezuela launched Latin America’s first UMTS900 system, on 2 March 2009

TeliaSonera, Finland launched UMTS900, June 2009

Vodafone Australia launched UMTS900 on August 31, 2009

LMT launched UMTS900 in Latvia on November 10, 2009

Aero2 launched UMTS900-HSPA+ in Poland on November 16, 2009

258 UMTS900-HSPA devices are now launched by 48 suppliers, and more products are continually being introduced.

Updates/developments: GSA Information Paper “UMTS 900 Global Status” www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

Updates/developments : GSA Information Paper “UMTS 900 Global Status” www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers. php4

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

UMTS900 Update: New Operator Insights - Presentation by Dr Eetu Prieur, Elisa Finland Available to view/download at www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

UMTS900 operator case study - Optus, Australia www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

UMTS900 operator case study Elisa, Finland www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

GSA co-hosted two UMTS900 workshops giving information, practical insights and regional perspectives on the benefits of deploying WCDMA-HSPA in 900MHz spectrum. The presentations are available as follows:

Cape Town presentations (November 2008): www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/cape_town_2008.php4 Dubai presentations (December 2008): www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/dubai_2008.php4

HSPA Evolution (HSPA+)

HSPA Evolution (HSPA+) systems are market reality, and evolving to support peak DL data rates up to 42 Mbps in 2010 with the transmission of multiple parallel data streams to a single terminal using Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO). 3GPP Release 8 realizes 42 Mbps by combining 2x2 MIMO and 64QAM in a 5 MHz carrier, or by utilizing 64QAM and multicarrier in 10 MHz bandwidth. Release 9 combines multicarrier and MIMO in 10 MHz to reach 84 Mbps peak. 16 QAM modulation on the uplink instead of QPSK doubles the peak rate to 11.5 Mbps, rising to 23 Mbps with multicarrier.

80 operators have committed to HSPA+ network deployments, and 41 HSPA+ systems are commercially launched.

and 41 HSPA+ systems are commercially launched . The world’s first HSPA+ system was launched by

The world’s first HSPA+ system was launched by Telstra in Australia on February 23 rd , 2009. Using 64 QAM modulation, the network supports a peak downlink data rate of 21 Mbps and a current uplink data rate of 5.8 Mbps. Telstra plans further evolution of the downlink to 42 Mbps in 2010. Mobilkom Austria launched the first commercial HSPA+ system in Europe on March 23 rd , 2009. This network also supports a peak downlink data rate of 21 Mbps and will be upgraded to 28.8 Mbps during this year. The company has also evolved the uplink to support 5.8 Mbps in some areas. Starhub launched Asia’s first HSPA+ system in Singapore on March 27 th , 2009. TIM Italy launched the world’s first 28 Mbps peak downlink HSPA+ system with MIMO on July 17, 2009.

36 HSPA+ systems now in commercial service support 64QAM-enabled 21 Mbps peak DL, and 5 systems support 28 Mbps peak DL utilizing 16QAM with MIMO. Most HSPA+ operators position the typical user experience as being up to 8 Mbps, depending on device availability. 32 HSPA+ devices have been launched by 11 suppliers.

For more details see GSA report: Global HSPA+ Network Commitments and Deployments (February 4, 2010) which can be viewed/download at www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

Further evolution of HSPA utilizing combinations of multi-carrier and MIMO technologies will soon reach 84 Mbps peak on the downlink, and 23 Mbps peak uplink. Further evolution beyond that is also foreseen in 3GPP standardization.

peak on the downlink, and 23 Mbps peak uplink. Further evolution beyond that is also foreseen

WCDMA/HSPA and GSM/EDGE combination

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

GSM/EDGE, a software enhancement to GPRS networks, is a mature global technology supported by a well -developed ecosystem. Most HSPA network operators deploy GSM/EDGE for service continuity; 250 out of 364, i.e. over 68% of HSPA network operator commitments have also committed to EDGE, with user data speeds up to 300 kbps, according to network and user device capabilities. This strategy ensures that users receive a good experience of most 3G services. There are 503 GSM/EDGE operator commitments in 195 countries, including 487 networks launched in 190 countries. The first commercial EDGE network was launched in June 2003, and over 80% of GPRS operators have since committed to the EDGE enhancement, delivering significant data traffic and revenue growth. 80% of HSPA devices support EDGE.

See GSA’ EDGE Fact Sheet (February 1, 2010) at www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4 Also see related GSA Information Paper “Dual Transfer Mode (DTM)” www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

Evolved EDGE

WCDMA evolution to HSPA is the key driver for improving GSM/EDGE to minimize the performance gap. “Evolved GERAN” (GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network) i.e. EDGE Evolution, aims to achieve several benefits with low impact on the GSM/EDGE network, as part of the Release 7 specifications which are now approved:

Downlink speed up to 1.2 Mbps per user initially (the standard enables up to 1.9 Mbps per user)

Uplink speed up to 474 kbps per user (the standard enables up to 947 kbps per user). EGPRS-2 UL (HUGE) level B with maximum 118.4 kbps per timeslot. Peak implementation today 4 timeslots per user (standard enables up to 8 timeslots per user)

Dual Carrier is the first step in evolving EDGE and will be available as a software upgrade, bringing the promise of doubling today’s EDGE speeds to 592 kbps on existing EDGE-capable networks. Dual Carrier is part of the 3GPP Release 7 standard. Several network vendors have committed to delivering solutions, and commercial trials with operators are underway. EGPRS-2 is expected to arrive in the market in 2010. Several analysts forecast that the number of EDGE subscriptions will continue to rise for years to come.

See GSA Information Paper “EDGE Evolution” www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

HSPA Devices: 2,137 Launched in the Market (January 2010)

HSPA Devices: 2,137 Launched in the Market (January 2010) 67% annual growth in the number of

67% annual growth in the number of HSPA devices launched

897 mobile phones: 74.1% increase YoY. The number of HSPA-enabled notebook products increased 51.8% in same period

1,510 HSPA devices (88%) support 3.6 Mbps peak or higher (excl. notebooks). 876 devices (51%) support 7.2 Mbps or higher (excl. notebooks)

493

HSUPA devices: increase of 156% YoY

219

HSUPA devices (more than 44%) support or are upgradeable for 5.76 Mbps (vs. 64 products in January 2009)

32 HSPA+ devices launched by 11 suppliers

More information/analysis: HSPA Devices Survey Key Findings (January 26, 2010)

www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/wcdma_databank.php4

More information/analysis: HSPA Devices Survey Key Findings (January 26, 2010) www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/wcdma_databank.php4

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

3GPP Long Term Evolution in Radio Access Networks LTE

3GPP LTE is the next step for a superior mobile broadband experience, and is an evolution of the GSM/UMTS (comprising WCDMA, HSPA) systems family for the next generation mobile broadband access system. LTE targets capacity and data rate enhancements to support new services and features requiring higher levels of capability and performance. Data rates will be significantly higher for downlink and uplink paths, with the necessary network architecture and technology enhancements. The new system includes support of a full IP-based network, and harmonization with legacy 3GPP systems (GSM, GPRS/EDGE, WCDMA-HSPA) and other radio access technologies. LTE reduces the cost per Gigabyte delivered, which is essential for addressing the mass market. LTE will further enhance more demanding applications such as interactive TV, mobile video blogging, advanced games and professional services.

video blogging, advanced games and professional services. LTE radio technology is optimized to enhance networks by

LTE radio technology is optimized to enhance networks by enabling significant new high capacity mobile broadband applications and services, whilst providing cost efficient ubiquitous mobile coverage. LTE is also scalable to allow operation in a wide range of spectrum bandwidths, from 1.4 20 MHz, using both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes, thus providing flexibility to suit any operator’s existing or future frequency allocation. LTE and HSPA are complementary to ensure seamless inter-operability.

51 Operators committed to LTE (see press release www.gsacom.com/news/gsa_288.php4)

LTE is the natural migration choice for GSM/HSPA operators. LTE is also the next generation mobile broadband system

of choice of leading CDMA operators, who are expected to be in the forefront of service introduction. LTE is on track, attracting global industry support. TeliaSonera launched the world’s first commercial LTE systems in Stockholm

, 2009 and ahead of schedule. According to GSA research, 51 operators - an increase of

almost 100% over the previous 8 months - have committed to deploy 3GPP LTE networks in 24 countries; GSA anticipates that 19 LTE networks will have entered commercial service by end 2010. GSA also believes that, over time, LTE will be the choice for many more operators and will be introduced according to business needs. When firm plans are known, they will be added in as new “commitments”. Dozens of LTE technology trials are underway or planned in all regions and further commitment announcements are expected from those. Infrastructure solutions shipping today typically offer an easy upgrade path to LTE. Availability of new spectrum, particularly in the 2.6 GHz and Digital Dividend bands, is a crucial factor for LTE deployments in many countries, as are the regulatory conditions, and will determine deployment and launch dates in those markets.

and Oslo on December 15

th

Global LTE commitments map (PDF) www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

Global LTE commitments map (JPEG) www.gsacom.com/news/statistics.php4

The status of LTE worldwide including network operator commitments, deployment/launch plans, device, platforms availability, trials results, spectrum, plans for future evolution of LTE for consideration for the ITU IMT-Advanced system are contained in GSA Information Paper: Evolution to LTE www.gsacom.com/downloads/pdf/lte_3gpp.php4

IMT-Advanced system are contained in GSA Information Paper: Evolution to LTE www.gsacom.com/downloads/pdf/lte_3gpp.php4

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010 LTE/SAE Trial Initiative (LSTI) Vendors and operators have joined

LTE/SAE Trial Initiative (LSTI)

Vendors and operators have joined forces under the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative to demonstrate the potential of LTE/SAE through joint tests, including radio performance, interoperability, field tests and full customer trials. Results feed into technology developments and standardization, help define/validate network launch plans, and also help to validate the emerging LTE ecosystem, including devices and applications.

A Proof of Concept activity has consolidated measurements from leading equipment vendors to show that the industry's targets for performance are achievable: LTE/SAE does exactly what it says on the tin. In addition to peak rates and minimum latency, results also reveal the 'real world' performance that operators will be able to offer to end users. More information at www.lstiforum.org

A presentation is available on the GSA website providing an update of the work of the LSTI, including progress on the Proof of Concept Activity for LTE FDD and TD LTE modes and the key results obtained, Interoperability Testing (IOT) and preparations for the Friendly Customer Trials.

View/download “Update from the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative” at www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

Customer Trials. View/download “Update from the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative” at www.gsacom.com/gsm_3g/info_papers.php4

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010

3G/WCDMA-HSPA, LTE Fact Sheet February 12, 2010 Download charts used in this Fact Sheet plus many

Download charts used in this Fact Sheet plus many more charts and maps at www.gsacom.com/news/statistics.php4

About GSA GSA represents leading GSM/3G/WCDMA-HSPA/LTE suppliers worldwide, covering close to 100% of mobile market share. Industry professionals and organizations from 200+ countries regularly use www.gsacom.com as a single information resource, targeted to the industry, for authoritative facts, market intelligence, objective analysis and information. Interaction and enhanced information-sharing with network operators is facilitated by the Operators Zone for immediate global reach, and seminars and relationship events, including the GSA Mobile Broadband Forum. GSA advises governments, regulators and policy-makers on optimum conditions for market development. Briefings are given to media and analysts. GSA is a 3GPP Market Representation Partner and co-operates with other key organisations worldwide.

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