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# Estimates

## MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BASED ON PLINTH AREA BASIS

Material Bricks (100 Nos.) Cement (Tonnes) Steel (Kg) Sand (m3) Single Storey 2.26 A+66.8 0.153A+0.57 21.3A-314 0.47A-7 Double Storey 2.15A+63 0.145A+0.54 21.97A- 305 0.43A-5.6 Four Storey (R.C.C. Framed) 2.56A-0.0096A2-26.2 0.2024A-0.364 102.46A-0.401A21662 397A-0.38

## 0.363A-0.76 0.176A-0.21 0.145A+1.5 0.178A-0.21 0.075A+0.78 0.0027A+0.0001A2 +0.45

Timber (m3) (i) Frames & shutters (ii) Shuttering Lime (quintal) Surkhi (m3) Bitumen (Kg) Glass Panes(m2) Primer for oil paint (litre) Oil Paint (litre)

## 0.02A+0.11 0.0097A-0.03 0.063A-0.08 0.01A 0.357A+0.14 0.047A 0.045A+0.56 0.075A+0.93

Note:1. The above expression is applicable for plinth area ranges from 30 to 300m 2(one floor) 2. In case of single and double storeyed framed buildings, and up to 100m 2 (one floor) for four storeyed framed building. 3. The above table gives material for one floor / storey. Multiply the No. of Storeys to get total Quantity.

## Rough Estimate (m3 / m2) (Based on plinth area basis)

1. Earth work: 500 class loading Single bay Two bay 0.1 +( 24.8 nD/q) 0.1 +( 21.5 nD/q)

300 Class loading Single bay Two bay 0.1 + (22.2 nD/q) 0.1 +( 18.9 nD/q) Where n = No. of floors D = Depth in meters q = SBC in KN/m2

## 2.Brick work for foundation and basement : Q = m3 / m2

Span 4.0 m 5.0 m 6.0 m 7.0 m Single bay 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.13 Two bay 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.11

## 3.Brick wall for superstructure:

Load bearing = 0.40 to 0.45 m3 / m2

4.DPC :
Framed structure Load bearing = = 0.1 m2 / m2 0.23 m2 / m2

5.Centering:

m2/ m2

Grade beam= 0.35 < 0.40 < 0.45 m2 / m2 Slab, beam etc Span Single bay Two bay 4.0 m 1.57 1.49 5.0 m 1.51 1.45 6.0 m 1.47 1.42

6.

## RCC for isolated footing

RCC / m2 = Total quantity = SBC in KN/m2 50 75 100 120 150 200 220 250 300 400 Single bay 0.216 0.137 0.089 0.071 0.055 0.041 0.035 0.030 0.026 0.016 X for LL X A0 where A0 = Cumulative ultimate floor area in m2
2

3.0 KN/m

5.0 KN/m Single bay 0.245 0.155 0.100 0.080 0.062 0.046 0.040 0.0335 0.029 0.0185

Two bay 0.188 0.119 0.077 0.062 0.048 0.036 0.0305 0.026 0.023 0.014

Two bay 0.215 0.137 0.088 0.071 0.055 0.041 0.0354 0.030 0.026 0.0165

7.

Quantity / m = y Single bay = 0.05 Two bay = 0.04 Total requirement = y Ag where Ag = area of G.F.
2

## 8. RCC for superstructure:

RCC quantity = z for LL 2 RCC/Floor = z Af where Af = Area of floor in m
Quantity = z for LL Description RCC floor 3.0 KN/m Single bay Two bay 0.21 m3 / m2 0.19 m3 / m2
2

5.0 KN/m Single bay Two bay 0.22 m3 per m2 0.20 m3 per m2

Note:
1. 2. a. b. c. d. e. f. This is inclusive of staircase and discontinuous sunshade but exclusive of items (2) below. Include the following, if present: For slab thickness > 100 mm add extra quantity per m 2 over 0.1m3 For floor systems with primary and secondary beams add + 0.02 m3 / m2 For canopy in G.F, add 0.01 m3 / m2 For drops up to 1.20 m, add 0.01 m3 / m2 For Continuous sunshade of 0.60 to 0.75 m alround the building, add 0.15 m 3 / m2 For sun- breakers up to 0.6 m, add 0.01 m3 / m2

## Steel for slab, beam & column (item wise)

Description Live load 3 KN/m2 Single bay Two bay 5 KN/m2 Single bay Two bay

i. Slab ii. Beams iii. Columns iv. Staircase,sunshade etc. a. Qty / m3 with primary beams b. Qty with primary and secondary beams Steel required for columns reinforcement / m3 with primary beam 400 300 225 with secondary beam 400 300 200

## 0.10 0.06 0.04 0.01

45 41 37 50 46 42

38 35 32 43 40 37

48 43 39 53 48 44

42 38 35 47 43 40

## 9. Plastering in CM 1:5 12 mm thick:

2.3 to 2.6 m2 / m2 of plinth area

10.

## Finishing the RCC::

2.4 m2 / m2 (10mm thick)

## 11. White washing:

4.7 to 5.0 m2 / m2

12.

Wood scantling:
= = = 0.018 m3 / m2 of shutter area 0.019 m3 to 0.025 / m2 of shutter area 0.02 m3 / m2 of shutter area = 1 {Door area in m2 } 10 2 = 1 {window area in m2} 12 2

## Based on thumb rule

Wood required for door Wood required for glazed window with ventilator

## Steel requirement / m2 on Plinth area basis

S.No. 1 2 Type of Building Residential Buildings Public Buildings Load bearing 25 to 30 Kg 30 to 35 Kg Framed structure 35 to 40 Kg 40 to 50 Kg

## Foundation & Basement Framed Structure (GF+ 3 Floors)

S.No. 1 Type of Building Residential Flats (Multi storey ) Office Building 2 (a) Load Bearing (b) Framed Commercial Buildings such as Bus Stand, Restaurants etc. 4 Kg / m2 6..5 Kg / m2 7.5 Kg / m2 Steel Qty. in Kg / m2 5 Kg / m2

## Approximate Quantity of steel requirement (General)

S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Description Footings Cast in situ Piles Plinth Beam Lintel Column Beam Slab Stairs Qty. of Steel in Kg / m3 50 to 65 30 to 50 70 to 100 100 to 130 100 to 200 150 to 200 60 to 75 90 to 120

## Estimation of Quantity of Reinforcement

For rough calculation of reinforcement steel in construction Projects following thumb rule may be adopted: (i) Slab 80 Kg / m3 110 Kg / m3 160 Kg / m3 80 Kg / m3 (ii) Beam (iii) Column (iv) Footing slab

MATERIAL REQUIRED ON PLINTH AREA BASIS FOR SINGLE STOREY LOAD BEARING RESIDENTIAL BUILDING Component Brick Cement Steel bars Material required 500 Nos. /m2 1.5 Bags /m2 12 kg/m2 (MS bars) 8 kg/m2 ( Tor steel)

## CEMENT Cement requirement / m2 on Plinth area basis

S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 Type of Building Residential buildings Public buildings Residential Flats ( Multi storey) Office building Commercial buildings such as Bus Stand, Restaurants etc. Load bearing 5 to 6 Bags 4 to 5 Bags ---2.4 to 3.0 Bags ----Framed Structure 5 to 7 Bags 6 to 8 Bags 3.2 to 4.0 Bags 5 Bags 4.5 Bags

## For Foundation & Basement of Framed Structure (up to 4 Storeyed ) alone

S.No. 1 2 3 Type of Building Residential Flats Office building Commercial building Load bearing ---0.36 Bags / m2 ---Framed Structure 0.4 Bags / m2 0.5 Bags / m2 0.45 Bags / m2

## Minimum Cement content required for various Grade of Concrete

S.No. Grade of Concrete Cement content in Kg / m3 of concrete As per As per TCE (old IS 456 code) 285 --300 360 315 300 400 365 415 320 340 525 475 535 360 Max. W/c ratio

## 1 2 (i) 3 (i) 4 5 (i) (ii) 6

M15 M20 M20 (below G.L) M20 (above G.L) M25 M25 (for Piles) M25 (for other structures) M30 M35 M35 (for Piles) M35 (for other structures) M40

## 0.55 0.50 0.45 0.45 0.40

Note:As per IS 456 2000 Maximum cement content should not exceed 450 Kg / m3 for the cement mortar to ensure that heat of hydration and shrinkage cracking are prevented.

## COST OF BUILDING (GENERAL)

1. Cost of foundation & Plinth (Up to G.L. 13% From G.L. to Plinth & DPC 5%) 2. Cost of Brick work from Plinth to Roof 3. Cost of RCC works except roofing 4. Cost of flooring ( RCC roof 15% Lime terracing 5%) 5. Cost of Flooring 6. Cost of Doors & Windows 7. Cost of Plastering & finishing Note: The cost excludes Water supply, Sanitary & Electrification. 18% 23% 6% 20%

6% 20% 7%

## COST OF MATERIALS & LABOUR FOR BUILDING WORK

Materials Brick Sand C.A. Cement Timber in scantling Steel Total Overall % 16 4 4.5 19 9.5 23.5 76.5 Labour Mason Carpenter Mazdoor % 8 3.5 12

23.5 100%

SINGLE STOREY COST Component Plinth Superstructure Flooring Roofing (Flat) Wood work Miscellaneous Total % 18 27 8 20 17 10 100

ORDINARY BUILDINGS
Materials Cement Steel Timber Other Materials Total % 13 10 12 25 60 Labour Excavation Masons Carpenter Black smith Total % 1 25 12 2 40