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Diagrama
Fluid Power and Electrical Graphic Symbols
Nmero de medio -SENR3981-04 Fecha de publicacin -01/01/2011 Fecha de actualizacin -23/11/2010

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Fluid Power Graphic Symbols


SMCS - 5050 Note: Use this module as a basic reference guide for graphic symbols. Do not use this module as a comprehensive reference guide.

Line Identification

Illustration 1 (A) Pressure line

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(B) Pilot/Load sensing pressure line (C) Drain/Return line (D) Component line (E) Attachment line (F) Air Line

Valve Envelopes

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Illustration 2 (G) One position (H) Two-position (J) Three-position

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Fluid Storage Reservoirs

Illustration 3

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(K) Vented (L) Pressurized (M) Return above fluid level (N) Return below fluid level

Techniques For Crossing and Joining Lines

Illustration 4 (P) Line crossing (R) Lines joining

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Valve Ports

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Illustration 5 (S) Two-way (T) Three-way (U) Four way

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Fluid Conditioners

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Illustration 6 (V) Filter or strainer

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Illustration 7 Separators (W) Manual drain (X) Automatic drain

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Illustration 8 Filter separators (Y) Manual drain (Z) Automatic drain

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Basic Component Symbols

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Illustration 9 (AA) Pump or motor (AB) Fluid conditioner (AC) Control valves

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(AD) Spring (AE) Restriction (AF) Line restriction (AG) Two-section pump (1) Main (2) Auxiliary (AH) Adjustable spring (AJ) Line restriction (variable) (AK) Variability

Supplemental Component Symbols

Illustration 10 Energy triangles (AL) Hydraulic (AM) Pneumatic

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Illustration 11 Measurement (AN) Pressure (AP) Temperature (AR) Pressure tap (AS) Flow

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Illustration 12

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(AT) Unidirectional (AU) Bidirectional

Pilot Control Symbols

Illustration 13 Released pressure (AV) External return (AW) Internal return

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Illustration 14 Remote supply pressure (AX) Simplified (AY) Complete (AZ) Internal pressure supply

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Manual Control Symbols

Illustration 15 (BA) Push-pull lever (BB) General manual (BC) Pedal (BD) Push button (BE) Spring (BF) Manual shutoff

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Accumulators

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Illustration 16 (BG) Spring loaded (BH) Gas charged

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Combination Controls

Illustration 17 (BJ) Solenoid or manual (BK) Solenoid and pilot (BL) Solenoid, pilot, or manual

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Illustration 18 (CP) Connector (Mechanical Stop)

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Electrical Controls

Illustration 19 (BM) Solenoid

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Miscellaneous Controls

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Illustration 20 (BN) Servo (BP) Thermal (BR) Detent

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Hydraulic, Pneumatic Cylinders

Illustration 21 Single acting

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Illustration 22

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Double acting (BS) Single end rod (BT) Double end rod

Hydraulic Pumps

Illustration 23 Fixed displacement (BU) Unidirectional (BV) Bidirectional

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Illustration 24 Variable displacement (BW) Unidirectional (BX) Bidirectional simplified (BY) Bidirectional complete

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Hydraulic Motors

Illustration 25 Fixed displacement (BZ) Unidirectional (CA) Bidirectional

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Illustration 26 Variable displacement (CB) Unidirectional (CC) Bidirectional

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Shutoff Valves

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Illustration 27 (CD) Basic symbols (CE) Manual shutoff valve

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One-Way Check Valves

Illustration 28 (CF) Basic symbol (CG) Spring loaded

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Internal Passageways

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Illustration 29 (CH) Infinite position (3) Flow in one direction (CJ) Two-position (4) Flow allowed in either direction (CK) Three-position (5) Parallel flow (6) Cross flow

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Pressure Differential Valve

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Illustration 30 (7) Inlet (X psi) (8) Outlet (Y psi)

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Control Valve s

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Illustration 31 (CL) Normal position (CM) Shifted position (CN) Infinite Position

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Simple Single Function Circuit

Illustration 32 (9) 45 L/min (12 US gpm) (10) 17000 kPa (2500 psi) (11) 450 kPa (65 psi)

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Illustration 33 (12) Three-position four-way open centered motor spool and pilot controlled directional controlled valve

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(13) Combination crossover relief valve and makeup valve (24000 kPa (3500 psi)) (14) Bidirectional motor (15) Main system relief valve (16) Pressure reducing pilot controlled valves (17) Check valve (18) Gas charged accumulator (19) Main pump motor (115 L/min (30 us gpm)) (20) Pilot pump motor (19 L/min (5 us gpm)) (21) Pilot filter and bypass valve (22) Pilot relief valve (2250 kPa (325 psi) (23) Two positioned two-way pilot system disconnect valve (24) Tank

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