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Teacher's Day The birthdate, [5 September 1888], of the second President of India, academic philosopher Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

It is considered a "celebration" day, where teachers and students report to school as usual but the usual activities and classes are replaced by activities of celebration, thanks and remembrance. At some schools on this day, the responsibility of teaching is taken up by the senior students to show appreciation for their teachers. Another day set aside for commemorating teachers in India and Nepal is Guru Purnima, also called 'Ashad sukla purnima'. It typically falls in mid-July. About Dr. Radhakrishnan: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, OM, FBA (5th September 1888 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman. He was the first Vice-President of India (19521962) and subsequently the second President of India (19621967). One of India's most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, Radhakrishnan is considered through his efforts to have built a bridge between the East and the West by showing that the philosophical systems of each tradition are comprehensible within the terms of the other. He wrote authoritative exegeses of India's religious and philosophical literature for the English speaking world. His academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921-?) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University (19361952). Among the many honours he received were a knighthood (1931) and the Bharat Ratna (1954). His birthday is celebrated in India as Teacher's Day on 5 September. !( Very

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Coalgate timeline The probe into the mega-billion 'Coalgate' scam moved into high gear on Tuesday, with the Central Bureau of Investigation. I dig deep into the scam to bring you the definitive story on Coalgate. What are coal blocks? Parts of Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, pockets of central & south India that have coal are divided into blocks and leased to miners. How're blocks allotted? 1973: Govt takes over coal mining 1976: Private steel producers allowed to own coal mines 1993-2005: 41 private companies and 29 govt ones get licences. From 1993, power companies allowed to own captive mines 2004: UPA govt realises Coal India wouldn't produce enough to meet demand Decided to allot more captive mines to private and state-owned players 2006-2009: Licences for 75 blocks go to pvt firms , 70 to govt cos What went wrong with the allotments?

* Coal ministry under PM gave licences to state and pvt cos through screening committee set up in 1992 * Criteria for giving licences modified in 2005, 06, 08 * CAG felt guidelines allowed "windfall gain" to firms that got captive blocks * It said "substantial difference" between high market price of coal, sold by CIL and lower cost of coal produced by captive blocks * CAG said process of bringing transparency in allocation process delayed at various stages * This benefitted private players Was govt method flawed? * CAG says coalfields alloted in non-transparent manner * No info on how applications evaluated, finalised * This, despite some blocks with dozens of interested buyers * Ministers and CMs of coal-rich states lobbied for allotment to pvt players * Some private players got coalfields which had more deposits than needed for generating their own power * Several firms allegedly sold coal meant for internal use in open market * CAG said objective to boost coal production to meet demand from new power plants not met * Firms squatted on blocks Of 86 blocks, which were to produce coal by 2010-11, only 28 (including 15 pvt sector) started production as of 31 March, 2011 * In Feb 2012, govt told CAG development of coal blocks involves 3 to 7-year gestation Is auction a fairer way? * In 2004, govt mooted auction * But attempts to move towards auction hit a block * Power companies feared increase in coal price * In Oct 2008, new bill to auction blocks in parliament * This became a law in Sept 2010 Govt defence * Govt defended delay in passing bill saying policymaking process can take years in a coalition * Govt said opposition to coal auction came from opposition-ruled states * Auctions can result in higher prices for consumers * So, auctions enable govt maximise revenues, they can hurt consumers Unearthing Coalgate Aug 17: CAG's Coalgate report Aug 25: Govt claims tabled in Parliament CAG's presumptive Aug 21: BJP stalls Parliament, no loss mining theory yet flawed, demands PM's resignation Aug 27: PM gives statement in Parliament defending government

Aug 22: Coal minister Jaiswal claims statement in coal-rich states opposed bidding Parliament Aug 24: Sonia Gandhi tells party defending govt MPs to counter BJP aggression Aug 27: Sushma Swaraj claims Cong benefited financially from scam Aug 28: Tells CPP to fight BJP's "intemperate Cong bashing" Aug 28: CAG refuses to join public debate over Coalgate Aug 29: Kapil Sibal says coal block allocation began during NDA rule Aug 30: Sonia Gandhi challenges BJP to Coalgate debate Aug 30: SP, seven Opposition parties protest disruption of parliament Aug 31: Govt rules out coal block cancellations Sept 1: Minister S K Sahay refuses to resign over allocation of block to his brother Sept 2: Sonia Gandhi reaches out to Sushma Swaraj, rebuffed Sept 2: CBI team leaves for Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand Sept 3: Inter-ministerial group meets over 58 coal blocks, tells companies to explain the delay in mining Sept 4: CBI raids 30 locations in 10 cities: Delhi, Mumbai Kolkata, Nagpur, Patna, Ranchi, Raipur, Dhanbad, Yavatmal, Bhilai. Cases filed against five companies in the eastern mining states. Documents seized, no arrests. None listed on stock exchange. Cases against directors & coal officials on charges of criminal conspiracy, cheating. The whistleblowing MP who shook the UPA by exposing Coalgate scam The coal scam might seem like a sudden explosion that has sent the United Progressive Alliance government scurrying for cover. In actuality, the scam has been brought into the open because of six years of mundane, painstaking, thankless work by one man - Bharatiya Janata Party MP from Chandrapur, Hansraj Ahir. Chandrapur might not be Wasseypur, but its vast coal reserves have been a boon as well as a bane for this district in Eastern Maharashtra. Ahir's story begins in the early 1990s, when he was a municipal corporator in Chandrapur. That was the time when the PV Narasimha Rao government at the Centre began "giving away" blocks of coal to private companies as part of its efforts to dismantle the country's "socialist" economy. "The state-owned Coal India began shrinking due to government

apathy and hundreds lost their jobs in Chandrapur," recollects Ahir "There are 27 coal mines in Chandrapur. Coal blocks were being given away for free". After he became part of the standing committee of Parliament on coal and steel in 2004, Ahir realised that this is the case all over India and that private companies in collusion with government officials have unleashed havoc in various coal-rich parts of the country. Ahir wrote to the prime minister and finance minister in 2006 asking for the allocation of coal blocks via auction. "Initially, they were positive. By 2009, I realised that the government only wants to help private companies," he said. Undeterred by the government's tactics, Ahir complained to the CVC of irregularities in the allocation of coal blocks in 2009. On November 16 2010, Ahir informed the CAG that coal from the blocks allotted to private companies is not being used for production and is finding its way to the market. It is this complaint that eventually blew the lid over one of the biggest scams in India's history. "Even the Rs.1.86 lakh crore projected by the CAG might be an underestimation. The actual loss could be as much as Rs.50 lakh crore," Ahir asserted. Ahir alleges that Coal India, like many other stateowned enterprises has deliberatly been left to decay, just to help big private companies. Though a BJP MP, Ahir deeply admires the policies followed by Indira Gandhi. "She was right in nationalising all coal companies when she was the Prime Minister. National resources should be controlled by the state," believes Ahir. Ahir's views might be at complete variance with the BJP's pro-reform stance, but he has proven to be indispensible to the party in its coal battle against the UPA. On being asked whether he would have become a whistleblower without his party's support, Ahir said, "I definitely wouldn't have reached where I have without my party, but I would still have done what is right". (Other whistleblowers who took on the rich and powerful so that they don't get away with corruption) Sanjiv Chaturvedi: Suspended for only doing his job An officer in the Indian Forest Service(IFS),Chaturvedi fought a long battle against the Haryana government for following the call of the duty. About five years ago,he opposed the construction of a canal through a wildlife sanctuary which was being carried out in violation of the Wildlife Protection Act. He also opposed the misuse of public money to import rare plants for a private herbal park. The top rung of the Haryana Forest Department launched an offensive against him, claiming that he was not working "in the best interests of the department." In four years of service, he faced a dozen transfers and suspension on flimsy grounds. The then President Pratibha Patil however, revoked his suspension after a long drawn battle. Chaturvedi had taken the RTI route to prove that his actions were right and in the

interest of the public. Chaturvedi has now moved to AIIMS and is serving as the Chief Vigilance Officer in New Delhi. Major (Retd) S.K. Lamba: War veteran who exposed Adarsh scam Long before India woke up to the Adarsh scam, retired army Major S.K. Lamba had been working tirelessly, along with other army officials, to expose how a plot of land in Colaba belonging to the army was being surreptitiously siphoned off for a residential project in connivance with senior army and Maharashtra government officials. The 73-year-old army veteran could be forgiven if he thought that serving the army in troubled areas was easier then ferreting out information on Adarsh. When Lamba began digging out information about the project, he was approached by many who wanted him to let the matter rest. When he didn't agree, he had to a tough price. In 2006, he was booked for a hit and run,which he claims was foisted on him for trying to ferret out information on the scam. "The case dragged on for six years, and I was finally able to get justice, a year ago. In between, chapter proceedings were also initiated against me by the police for unruly behaviour and being seen in a drunken state." said Lamba. Lamba however, stuck to his guns for he was determined to prevent the rot that had set in the force that he had given his life for. In his resolve to get to the truth of Adarsh, he started collecting documents and meeting numerous officials. Nothing came between his desire to expose the scam, not even the cancer he was diagnosed with. Lamba gets very worked up about the rot that has creeped into the army. "Whatever the terrain we were in, it was a pleasure to be with the troops and the commanders who supported you. Now, it hurts to see the changing culture and value of the institution I used to serve." Adarsh is not the only scam that Lamba fought to expose. He was also involved in bringing out and opposing the Maharashtra government's efforts to parcel out a prime plot belonging to the Mahalaxmi Race Course to a private developer. Aseervartham Achary, Raja's PA: P.A. Who blew the lid off 2G scam After two days of being poked and prodded by lawyers determined to discredit him, Aseervartham Achary snapped. The crucial 2G spectrum trial witness - and an ex-aide to former telecom minister A Raja - stood up in court and pointed at a man, an 'office peon' for accused Reliance executives, whom he claimed had threatened his life. "The person who tried to kill me is just here in the courtroom," Achary told the court.

Drama of this sort has become par for the course for Achary ever since he blew the lid off what was, until this year's coal extravaganza, the biggest scandal to ever hit the government. Achary spent nearly a decade as an aide to Raja, getting close enough to consider the minister his 'elder brother,' and allowing him to be privy to all of the alleged deal-making that set up the 2G scam. In 2005, after years of being Raja's PA, Achary asked the him whether he could leave and go back to Tamil Nadu to pursue other options - a plea that was denied. Raja did the same the next year and, two years later, when Achary clarified that he would like to get into politics too, the minister told him not to. When word of the scam leaked out, Achary got a call from the CBI. The result? A chargesheet that depends on his testimony regarding the relationship Raja had with Kanimozhi, visits of corporate honchos to the minister's office and the subsequent arguments that led to one telecom secretary moving away. If the trial ends with what would be unprecedented convictions of a former minister and top executives, the country will owe a debt to the man who endured death threats along the way. Manjunath Shanmugan: Paid with life for his values An MBA from IIM, Lucknow, Manjunath Shanmugan had been working as a marketing manager of Indian Oil Corporation Limited, when he was shot dead on November 19, 2005. Shanmugan was killed by the son of a petrol pump owner and his accomplices in Lakhimpur Kheri after he tried to curb oil malpractices there. The Lucknow bench of Allahabad High Court awarded life imprisonment to six persons including Pawan Kumar Mittal alias Monu, son of the owner of Mittal Automobile Petrol Pump in Lakhimpur Kheri, Sulakshan Mittal. Monu killed Manjunath because he had threatened to seal the petrol pump for selling adulterated fuel. Shanmugan has also posthumously inspired his friends to set up a trust in his name in 2006. Satyendra Dubey: His family still awaits justice With an IIT degree, Dubey could have joined any multinational company. But the middle-class boy from Bihar chose to stay in his home state. As an engineer working on the Golden Quadrilateral Project, he tried to expose corruption by writing to the PMO in 2003. But his letter was allegedly leaked. On November 27, 2003, Dubey was shot dead. His killing fuelled demands for protection to whistleblowers. But six years later, the CBI termed the case as a robbery bid. Three petty robbers were subsequently sentenced. Dubey's family rejected the findings, saying that the real killers were still free. They are still awaiting justice. Rajinder K. Singla: Cleaning up mess in education Chandigarh based Rajinder K. Singla lost his job thrice owing to his RTI activism and his attempts to correct the flawed education system. A winner of SR Jindal Prize in 2011 for "Crusade against

corruption",Singla has resolved against picking up any fresh professional assignment now. Several of his jobs - including those at Lawrence School at Sanawar and Chandigarh's DAV College - ended abruptly due to his activism. At Sanawar, he had sought information about the educational qualifications of the teachers at the school, their pay scales and some school. At DAV College, he raised his voice against irregularities and got the termination order.