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Nashary M.

Lopez Perez Jack London

10-2

August 15, 2012

John Griffith "Jack" London was born in January 12, 1876 and died on November 22, 1916. He was an American author, journalist, and social activist. London was a pioneer in the thenburgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as "The Pearls of Parlay" and "The Heathen", and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf. Jack London probably lived the most adventurous life of any American writer. By the time He was barely out of his teens, this Californian had done all of the following: Worked twelve hour days at a cannery, Captained a pirate ship, Traveled the United States as a hobo, Served on seal hunting ship in the pacific and Prospected for gold in north western Canada. Between daring adventures London found time to read. In fact, he may have read every novel in the Oakland, California, library. His reading inspired him to write his own adventure tales. At the age of 17, he wrote a 4,000-word sea story that won $25 in a newspaper contest. By the time he was 30, London had written such classic adventure tales as The Call of the Wild and White Fang. Altogether he wrote more than 50 books and earned more than a million dollars. George Carmack In 1896 George Carmack found gold in the Klondike region of northwestern Canada. His find began with a quarter ounce of the precious metal; wich was an equal value to what an average worker could earn in a week. Carmack was followed by thousands of others. Most found hardship but not gold. Winter temperatures fell to -50%Fahrenheit,and dangerous outlaws preyed on gold-seekers. Klondike Gold Rush The Klondike Gold Rush, also called the Yukon Gold Rush, the Alaska Gold Rush and the Last Great Gold Rush, was an attempt by an estimated 100,000 people to travel to the Klondike region of the Yukon in northwestern Canada between 1897 and 1899 in the hope of successfully prospecting for gold. Gold was discovered in large quantities in the Klondike on August 16, 1896 and, when news of the finds reached Seattle and San Francisco in July 1897, it triggered a "stampede" of would-be prospectors to the gold creeks. The journey to the Klondike was arduous and involved travelling long distances and crossing difficult mountain passes, frequently while carrying heavy loads. Some miners discovered very rich deposits of gold and became immensely wealthy. However, the majority arrived after the best of the gold fields had been claimed and only around 4,000 miners ultimately struck gold. The Klondike Gold Rush ended in 1899, after gold was discovered in Nome, prompting an exodus from the Klondike.

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