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Marcoluis Garcia Period 2 2/8/13 End of the World or Emergence of a New One?

When someone slaps your cheek, it isnt a good idea to start slapping back, simply turn the other cheek; with that said, why would the U.S respond to the damage done in Pearl Harbor with a deadly weapon that has the potential to destroy the entire planet? Truman should not have sent the order to drop the Nuclear Warhead. The United States should have waited for the aid of the Soviet army, they should have taken into account the short and long term effects of the atomic bomb, and they should have acknowledged the fact that Japan was on the brink of surrender. Various critiques would say that the use of the atomic bomb saved many American lives; many more innocent Japanese lives were lost.

The Red Army was already bellicose; the United States should have waited for the Soviets to make an official declaration of war on Japan before going to such extremes. With Japan having to deal not only with one but two super powers, having to fight two fronts would have led the Japanese into an early submission. There was really no need for the warhead. Truman could have considered the threat of invasion and occupation of both the Americans and Russians may have had an even more shocking effect on the Japanese leadership (Choices: Truman, Hirohito, and the Atomic Bomb). The Japanese couldnt have resisted both the army of the U.S and the Soviets. If anything, Japan would have most likely surrendered once the Soviets declared war on them. Battling the two fronts would have been too overwhelming for Japan to handle. The U.S and the Soviets would have easily cornered Hirohito and ended the war in a couple of short weeks. Japan would have no other alternative but accept the demands of both the U.S and the Soviets, this event would have ended Japanese dictatorship. Many others also say that the aid of the Soviets would have helped a lot more than the detonation of the Atomic bomb.

The dropping of the bomb on Hiroshima by the Americans did not have the effect intended: unconditional surrender by Japanthe Soviets surprised them with their invasion of Manchuria, an assault so strong that Emperor Hirohito began to plead with his War Council to reconsider surrender (Soviets declare war on Japan; invade Manchuria). This proves that the actual bombing did not have the intended outcome that the U.S had wished for. The only reason that the Japanese army opted for surrender was because of the Soviets. The aid of the USSR was essential to finally bring down the Japanese army. The U.S did not even consider the effect of the Soviets, they just finished the bomb and immediately wanted to use it. Even after the U.S used the bomb, the only real reason that Japan had surrendered was because of the Soviet army invading the country and taking the its army by surprise.

In addition, Truman defiantly needed to ask questions about the effects of the A-bomb before detonating it. Truman had to take into consideration the fact that the Nuclear weapon would be used on innocent children and women. The innocent Japanese did not need to be targeted with such a devastating catastrophe. The main reason why Truman should have asked these questions was because America had not yet tested the bomb (Choices: Truman, Hirohito, and the Atomic Bomb). Not only did the U.S build something they had no idea about, they wanted to use it without thorough testing. Why wouldnt Truman get all the facts before actually using the Atomic bomb? The initial blast, blinding light, explosion, and heat were the short term effects, this did kill thousands of people. However, what about the long term effects of radiation, these may not have had an instant effect on the survivors, but it gradually manifested itself. Medical staff began to recognize the first symptoms of radiation sickness among the survivors Deaths from radiation sickness did not peak until three to four weeks after the attacksan increased danger of cancer, would linger for the rest of the victims' lives (THE

ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA, David Rezelman). The use of the nuclear bomb did not just kill 70,000 people with the initial blast, but it killed several more with the after effects. Once people thought that the worst was over, they gradually started to die as a result of radiation sickness. This also adds to the amount of people that were killed by the dropping of the warhead, even if it was an indirect killing. Many were also prone to cancer because of the over exposure to the radiation. This not only affected the survivors, but the future generations to come. However, many would say that the use of the warhead was essential for the salvation of many American lives. Many American lives were saved because of the utilization of the bomb. There was no need for island hopping, which would have taken a longer time to end the war; and there was no need to continue the bombing raids, which would have put lives of many pilots in danger. Many American lives were saved, but at what cost? Many more innocent japans lives were lost. About 70,000 died in Hiroshima and another 35,000 died in Nagasaki (U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey: The Effects of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Truman). The fact that American lives were saved at the expense of several thousand Japanese lives, that seems unfair and unjust. They were innocent people who, possibly, were oblivious to the war. They did not need to face the mass destruction of the atomic bomb. Japanese citizens did not have to pay for the Japanese militarys mistakes. The United States had no write to unleash all their bottled up anger on two islands that were not part of the war. The United States should have really thought about all of the consequences before actually using the nuclear warhead. The United States should have also acknowledged the fact that the Japanese government was already on the brink of surrender. If Japan was ready to surrender, the detonation of the warhead was left in vain. It was a waste of a bomb if the target was already defeated. One does not simply kick a person when they are already down; it is the same principle with the use of the

warhead on an already defeated country. The Japanese had approached the Russians, seeking their help in brokering a peace to end the War. The U.Sknew that the Japanese had for months been trying to find a way to surrender (Was the Atomic Bombing of Japan Necessary, Robert Freeman). This proves that the atomic warhead was not needed to end the war; the war was already finished when Japan asked Russia for a peace treaty. The United States cannot say that the use of the atomic bomb was the only solution, they clearly knew that Japan was ready to surrender. The U.S. should have accepted both their surrender and the fact that there was no need to detonate the bomb. The detonation of the warhead was not simply to end the war, it was just so that the U.S. could be able to intimidate other countries. It is clear that there were other possible outcomes that would have been just as effective; however, they chose to ignore these alternatives and go straight to using brute force. The use of the bomb was not a matter of ending the war, it was the U.S flexing its muscles. The U.S. knew that if they would have waited a couple of more days, Japan would have made an actual declaration of surrender and victor would have gone to the Allies. However, the U.S. decided to go ahead with the bombing even after they found out about the inevitable surrender of Japan. This just shows that they should have waited for the official surrender of Japan instead of dropping the atomic bomb. The automatic use of the nuclear warhead was a rushed decision. There was many different alternatives that the U.S could have considered instead of just using the weapon of mass destruction. The United States should have considered the idea that the Soviets could have had a great impact on the Japanese army. The U.S should have also considered the effects the bomb would have on the innocent population of both Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On top of that, the U.S should have acknowledged the fact that the Japanese army was already on the brink of surrender and in a couple of more weeks, the war would have ended. Critics would say that the atomic

warhead was essential to the salvation of several American lives. This may be true, however, what about the several thousand that had died because of the use of the atomic bomb. The issue of whether the atomic bomb should have been used during the war still sparks major controversy. Would it have made a difference if the U.S had not used the bomb? Yes it would have. The bomb was just a way for the U.S army to show its strength. It is possible that the war could have ended with fewer casualties if the U.S would have considered other potential solutions for the war. Before thinking about using an atomic weapon, the government should take into consideration all the effects that it could have on the target. Not only should that government consider the effects, but there should also be consideration of whether it is the right thing to do. There could be several other alternatives that could get the same outcome instead of using the deadly weapon. With atomic bombs now present in the world, governments should be careful when deciding to use it and should think of the consequences.

Works Cited "Back NextMushroom Cloud over Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA." The Manhattan Project. Department of Energy, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2013. <http://web.archive.org/web/20101112134708/http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshi ma.htm> "Choices: Truman, Hirohito, and the Atomic Bomb." (n.d.): 1-5. Article. Freeman, Robert. "Was the Atomic Bombing of Japan Necessary?" Was the Atomic Bombing of Japan Necessary? CommonDreams.org, 06 Aug. 2006. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.<http://www.commondreams.org/views06/0806-25.htm> "Soviets Declare War on Japan; Invade Manchuria." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.<http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviets-declare-war-onjapan-invade-manchuria> "Truman Library: The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Online Research File." Truman Library: The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Online Research File. National Archives and Records Administration., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2013. <http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/bomb/large/documents/index.php? pagenumber=42&documentid=65&documentdate=1946-0619&studycollectionid=abomb&groupid>