Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

Ghanshyam Thori India Diaspora

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Analysis Schemes related to Indian Diaspora o Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana, 2006 o Know India Program o Efforts by Indian Government to look after NRIs o India Millenium Deposit Scheme o Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs o Nodal Agency to deal with Issues of Indians abroad. o Under what conditions are NRIs permitted to deposit in India any currency of their choice. o Significance of Pravasi Bhartiya Divas in modern India. o Why January 9 was chosen to observe Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas. o Categorize the People of Indian Origin. o References made to the NRI in Union Budget 2004. General Questions/Miscellaneous o Why do NRIs retain their emotional attachment to India. o Problems faced by NRIs if they decide to settle in India. o Distinguish between NRI & PIO. o Brain Drain. o Reverse Migration o Differences between Jewish & Indian Diaspora. Indian Groups Abroad o Madhesis in Nepal o All India Women Contingent to Liberia o Future of Indians in Fiji o Exodous of Persons of Indian Origin from Uganda o Idi Amin & his atrocities on Indians in his country. o Indians in China o Future of Indian Expatriates in the Gulf Contribution of Indian Diaspora o Contribution of NRIs to GCC countries o Contribution of Indians in Silicon Valley o Indians in the House of Lords, U.K. o Mention Few Important NRIs. o Role of NRIs in Liberalization process o The Fields in which NRIs have excelled in developed countries o In which specialities are Indians are wanted most abroad o Impact of Gulf Remittances on Indias economy.

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Famous NRIs India born Amitav Ghosh is a world renowned novelist and author. He was born in Amitav Ghosh Calcutta. He completed his graduation from St. Stephens College, Delhi University. Amitav's latest work of fiction, The Hungry Tide was published in April 2004. Other prominent works of Amitav are - The Shadow Lines (1990), In An Antique Land (1994), The Circle of Reason (1986), The Calcutta Chromosome (1995), and The Glass Palace (2000). The India born Venture Capitalist, Vinod Khosla is one of the most influential Vinod Khosla persons of the Silicon Valley. Vinod Khosla is in Forbes magazine's list of America's richest 400 people. Vinod Khosla is a world renowned venture capitalist. Vinod is revolutionizing communications. He rose into fame at the age of 27 when he co-founded the Sun Microsystems. He is an alumnus of IIT, Delhi. Vinod Dahm and the Pentium chip are synonymous with each other. It is so because Vinod Dahm Vinod Dahm is the creator of the Pentium chip, which runs almost 90% of the computers today. He is suitably known as the father of the Pentium processor. Vinod was born in Pune, India in 1950. He received his initial education at Pune. Vinod earned his bachelor's degree from the Delhi College of Engineering Indian novelist and short story writer, Anita Desai is specially noted for her Anita Desai insightful depiction of the inner life of the female characters in her writings. In many of her works Anita Desai has highlighted the tensions among the family members and estrangement of middle-class women. Anita Desai marked her debut as a novelist in the year 1963 with the Peacock. It was followed by Voices of the City; Fire on the Mountain (set in Kasuli, a hill station), "In Clear Light of Day, Where Shall We Go This Summer, and The Zigzag Way. Anita Desai's works were short listed for the Booker prize 3 times. Lord Swaraj Paul Lord Swaraj Paul is a Britain based business magnate a philanthropist. He was born in 1931 in Jalandhar, India. Swaraj Paul founded the multinational company Caparo- the UK-based steel and engineering group. He was knighted by the British Queen in the year 1978 and became the Lord Paul of Marylebone and a member of the House of Lords. The world famous motivational speaker and best selling author, Deepak Chopra was Deepak Chopra a successful endocrinologist at Boston. Dr. Deepak Chopra has written best-selling books like Ageless Body, Timeless Mind (1993) and The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success (1995). Applying his innovative mind and medical techniques, Deepak Chopra became a successful motivational speaker, with a series of multi-media programmes for healing mind, body and spirit. Arun Netravali is an international scientist of Indian origin. Arun Netravali has Arun Netravali made many fundamental contributions in the areas of digital communications technology. Presently Dr Arun Netravali is the President of the Bell Labs. Balamurali Ambati of India is the world's youngest doctor. Ambati graduated from Balmurali the New York University at the age of 13. Ambati received his degree from Mount Ambati Sinai School of Medicine in New York in May 19, 1995. A National Merit Scholar and a winner in the Westinghouse Science Talent Search & the International Science & Engineering Fair, Balamurali Ambati Balamurali continued his education at Harvard, specializing in ophthalmology. Ambati developed plans and strategies to reverse corneal angiogenesis. Presently Balamurali Ambati is completing fellowship in cornea & refractive surgery at the Duke University. Ghanshyam Thori 2 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori Bhikhu Parekh

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) Lord Bhiku Parekh is a Britain-based political scientist. Lord Parekh is a member of the House of Lords and has made significant contribution to the study of political systems in Britain and India. His service as the vice-chancellor of Baroda University, Gujarat, India reflects his deep and undying love for India. Dr. Ranawat is one of the world's leading orthopedic and knee surgeons. Dr. Chittaranjan S. Ranawat is Chairman, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Ranawat USA. He was awarded the Padma Blushan by the President of India (2001) for outstanding meritorious excellence Gurinder Chadha Gurinder Chadha is an international filmmaker of Indian heritage. Gurinder started off from the BBC and later went on to make documentaries. Then Gurinder Chadha decided to enter the world of films. She has made some great films that South Asian-Americans could relate to. India born Dipak C. Jain is the dean of the Kellogg School of Management since Dipak C Jain 2001. Dipak C. Jain had joined the Kellogg School of Management faculty in 1986 as an associate professor and later became an associate dean. In 1994 Dipak was named Kellogg school's Sandy and Morton Goldman Professor of Entrepreneurial Studies and professor of marketing. Dr. Gururaj Deshpande is the co-founder and chairman of the Sycamore networks Gururaj Inc. He is a powerful technology entrepreneur and futurist. Deshpande Hinduja Brothers The Hinduja Brothers include Prakash, Srichand, Gopichand and Ashok. Srichand and Gopichand are based in Britain while Prakash resides in Geneva and Ashok in Mumbai. The Hindujas are Great Britain's one of the richest families and among the ten richest people in the country. The business empire of the Hinduja brothers is worth billion of dollars. Initially the Hinduja brothers set up their business in Iran and then they moved to London in 1979. The Hindujas are firm believers in traditional family values and all through their journey they have striven to instill the family concept in their business enterprises. Ismail Merchant Born in India, Ismail Merchant is a director and producer of international repute. The Duo of Ismail Merchant and James Ivory have made several internationally acclaimed movies. The Merchant Ivory Productions has continued as one of the most productive collaborations in cinema. It has produced films such as The Europeans, Quartet, Heat and Dust, A Room with a View, Mr. and Mrs. Bridge, Howard's End, The Remains of the Day Jefferson in Paris and Surviving Picasso. Besides, Merchant has also directed two films for TV, "Mahatma and the Mad Boy" and "The Courtesans of Bombay" for Britain's Channel Four. Jagdish Bhagwati is a renowned professor of economics and is regarded as one of Jagdish N the foremost international trade economist of modern times. Widely tipped as a Bhagwati future Nobel laureate, Prof Bhagwati enjoys immense reputation among his economist friends. Jagdish N. Bhagwati is presently University Professor at the Columbia University and Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations. One of the versatile Indians abroad, Madhur Jaffrey is an actress, culinary expert, Madhur Jaffrey TV presenter, movie script and cook book writer. But it is for her cookery that Madhur is best known. She was born in Delhi. M. Arunachalam M. Arunachalam is a Hong Kong-based businessman. M. Arunachalam has played an important role in promoting trade and investment between Hong Kong and India as also between China and India. M. Arunachalam has held the post of chairman, Indian Chambers of Commerce and president of the Asia Pacific Indian Chambers 3 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Ghanshyam Thori M. Night Shyamalan Rajiv Gupta Rohinton Mistry

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) of Commerce and Industry. Manoj Night Shyamalan is a US based and internationally acclaimed Hollywood director, screenwriter and actor. Shyamalan was born in Pondicherry, India. India born Rajiv Gupta is presently the GM of Hewlett Packard. Rohinton Mistry is a renowned novelist and author. Rohinton was born in India and presently settled in Canada. His Such a Long Journey and A Fine Balance were both short listed for the Booker Prize for Fiction, and Family Matters was short listed for the 2002 Man Booker Prize for Fiction. Satyanarayan Gangarm Pitroda, better known as Sam Pitroda was born in Titlagarh, Orissa, India. The name, Sam Pitroda can better be explained by the yellow phone booths all across India. Yes, it was mainly because of the efforts of this inventor, technocrat, and social thinker that telecom revolution started in India. Currently, Mr. Pitroda is the Chairman and CEO of World-Tel Limited, an International Telecom Union (ITU) initiative. Mr. Pitroda lives in Chicago, Illinois Shashi Tharoor is prolific writer and UN Diplomat. Shashi has been with the UN since 1978 when he joined the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in Geneva. Shashi Tharoor served the UN in various capacities before assuming the office of the Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information of the United Nations in 2001. In this capacity, he is responsible for the communication strategy, enhancing the image and effectiveness of the UN. In 2003, the Secretary-General appointed him United Nations Coordinator for Multilingualism. The world famous writer and poet Vikram Seth was born in Kolkata, India. Vikram Seth possesses the art of creating a living and breathing world that keeps the readers focused and engaged. Vikram Seth has published 6 books of poetry and 3 novels. Vikram Seth's latest work is "Two Lives" (2005), a memoir of the marriage of his great uncle and aunt. Navnit Dholakia, Baron Dholakia OBE (born 4 March 1937) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. From 1997 to 2002 he served as a Liberal Democrat whip in the Lords, and since 2002 he has been a Home Affairs Spokesman. He was elected President of the party in 1999 and re-elected for a second term in 2002, in November 2004 he was elected joint Deputy Leader in the House of Lords.

Sam Pitroda

Shashi Tharoor

Vikram Seth

Navnit Dholakia

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori Khalid Hameed

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) NRIs/PIOs in News (2007-08) The appointment of this Lucknow born leading NRI doctor to the House of Lords has kicked up a row in London with a probe sought into the alleged donations made to the Liberal Democratic Party by Alpha Healthcare, which is linked to him. Leading NRI doctor Lord Khalid Hameed has been adjudged Asian of the Year 2007 for his outstanding work in various walks of life, including his contribution to health service. Indian American Shantanu Narayen has been appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of Adobe System Incorporated from December one next replacing Bruce Chizen. An Indian engineer, who was fired by her company (Chevron) after she complained of her senior's racist conduct, has been awarded $5.5 million (about Rs 22 crore) by a San Francisco federal jury. Mr Neville Joseph Roach AO - a humble paragon, currently Chairing a large number of high profile organisations such as, Fujitsu Australia Ltd, Australia India Business Council and Smart Internet Technology CRC. Honoured at 6th Pravasi Bharatiya divas 2008. Karan Faridoon Bilimoria is an entrepreneur and a life peer. He is best known as the founder and chief executive of Cobra Beer. Honoured at 6th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas, 2008. Minister of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Canada Dr Ravi Pillai, the Bahrain-based tycoon is presiding over a business empire that is valued at 2.5 million US dollars and also generating employment for 28,000 Indians, thus becoming the single largest employer of Indians in the Gulf. But what makes Dr Pillai stand out in the legion of NRIs who ave struck it rich in their adopted countries is not merely his taggering wealth but also his emotional bonding with his parent country. Awarded at the 6th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas. Indian American to lead prestigious university of Houston Sellapan Ramanathan is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore.

Shantanu Narayen Kiran Pande Neville Joseph Roach Karan Bilimoria Harvinder Takhar Ravi Pillai

Renu Khator S.R. Nathan

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori 6 Pravasi Bhartiya Divas, 2008


th

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) Pravasi Bhartiya Divas

The 6th edition of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas saw over 1,500 Non Resident Indians from various parts of the globe. This time around NRIs from the Gulf were seen in large numbers. They had much to share and also an equal amount to complain about. The Indians settled in the Gulf had much to complain about. The horrific incident in which over 200 workers in the Gulf had to return to India was still fresh in their minds. Clearly they were asking for more from the Indian government -- a welfare fund for the returnees, more protection from the government of India, just to name a few. Apart from this, Indians from the Gulf complained extensively about the poor air connectivity between the two countries, which was causing a major problem for them. They said they had a major problem with Air India and also brought this to the issue of the Indian government. Although they had so many complaints, they clearly seemed to have the upper hand when compared to the rest of the NRIs. On Tuesday, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said that at least 50 per cent of the funds that roll into India from the NRIs is from the Gulf. It was evident that the NRI from the Gulf was no longer interested in taking the back seat and being preferred over the NRI from the West. They clearly were more outspoken and demanded for their rights with authority. He assured them of better air connectivity. He told a media conference later that a private airline will start flying into the Gulf soon and this would sort out the problem. Regarding the Government carrier, he said that the issue will be taken up. Ravi also said that a welfare fund for those who had to come back under difficult circumstances from the Gulf is awaiting the Cabinet nod. Pravasi Bhartiya Awards 2008 Ghanshyam Thori Mauritius Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramagoolam was among the 11 people honoured with the sixth Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards by President Pratibha 6 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) Patil at New Delhi, 2008. Two Indian Americans Dr Thomas Abraham and Dr Joy Cherian figure among the 12 distinguished Pravasi Bharatiyas who were honored by President Pratibha Patil with the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award for outstanding contributions to their home countries and to relations with India at the end of the two-day 6th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas here. Dr Thomas Abraham, presently Chairman of Global Organization of People of Indian Origin (GOPIO), organized the first convention of People of Indian Origin in New York, and helped establish a number of NRI/PIO community organizations. Dr Joy Cherian received the honor for guiding US business missions to India and for public service. He was the first Asian to be appointed to a sub-cabinet position in the US Government. Among other winners of the PBD award are: Dr Navinchandra Ramgoolam, Prime Minister of Mauritius, was cited as a leader with genuine concern for the disadvantaged sections of society and for nurturing and strengthening the bonds between Mauritius and India. Neville Joseph Roach, chairman of TCS-FNS, was honored for effectively advocating the cause of India and PIO in Australia. Dr Ravi Pillai was conferred the award for being one of the largest employers of Indians abroad and for welfare projects in India. APS Mani was recognized for his pioneering work in community welfare in Japan. Judge Ajit Swaran Singh received the honor for actively facilitating new migrants from India to settle in New Zealand. Rafiudin S. Fazulbhoy was awarded for his work in the field of education in Jeddah for children of Indian origin and service to Haj pilgrims. Bicky Chakraborty was honored for his work in India and Sweden as a philanthropist.

NRI & PIO

A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country, a person of Indian origin who is born outside India, or a person of Indian origin who resides outside India. Other terms with the same meaning are overseas Indian and expatriate Indian. In common usage, this often includes Indian born individuals (and also people of other nations with Indian blood) who have taken the citizenship of other countries. A Person of Indian Origin (PIO) is usually a person of Indian origin who is not a citizen of India. For the purposes of issuing a PIO Card, the Indian government considers anyone of Indian origins up to four generations removed, to be a PIO. [1]. Spouses of people entitled to a PIO card in their own right can also carry PIO cards. This latter category includes foreign spouses of Indian nationals, regardless of ethnic origin. PIO Cards exempt holders from many restrictions applying to foreign nationals, such as visa and work permit requirements, along with certain other economic limitations. The NRI and PIO population across the world is estimated at over 30 million (not including Pakistan, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan diasporas).

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) The Indian government recently introduced the "Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI)" scheme in order to allow a limited form of dual citizenship to Indians, NRIs and PIOs for the first time since independence in 1947. It is expected that the PIO Card scheme will be phased out in coming years in favour of OCI. Person of Indian Origin Card (PIO Card) is a form of identification issued to a Person of Indian Origin who hold a passport in another country other than Pakistan and Bangladesh. Other conditions are: 1. person at any time held an Indian passport or; 2. person's parents or grand parents or great grand parents were born in and permanent residents in India, but not moved to Pakistan and Bangladesh or; 3. person is spouse of a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin as per above. It came into force with effect from 15 September 2002. Benefits: The various benefits available to a PIO cardholders are: 1. No visa required for visiting India during the period of validity of PIO Card. 2. Exemption from the requirement of registration if stay in India does not exceed 6 months. Should the continuous stay exceed six months, registration will be required within 30 days of the expiry of six months with the concerned Foreigners Registration Officer. 3. Parity with non-resident Indians in respect of facilities available to the latter in economic, financial and educational fields. 4. All facilities in the matter of acquisition, holding, transfer and disposal of immovable properties in India except in matters relating to the acquisition of agricultural/plantation properties. 5. Facilities available to children of NRIs for getting admission to educational institutions in India including medical colleges, engineering colleges, Institutes of Technology, Institutes of Management etc. under the general categories. 6. Facilities available under the various housing schemes of LIC, State Governments and other Government agencies. Limitations: Persons with a PIO are not 1. allowed to vote 2. eligible for an inner line permit. They have to apply for a Protected area permit. A foreign national, who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26.01.1950 or was a citizen of India on or at any time after 26.01.1950 or belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15.08.1947 and his/her children and grand children, is eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI). Minor children of such person are also eligible for OCI. However, if the applicant had ever been a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh he/she will not be eligible for OCI. There is no plan to issue Indian passports to Overseas Citizens of India, although the registration certificate will be in the form of a passport-like booklet (similar to the Person of Indian Origin (PIO) Card mentioned below). The Cabinet has also directed the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs to work on a proposal to give biometric smart cards to registered Overseas Citizens of India.

PIO Card

Overseas Citizenship of India

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) An Overseas Citizen of India will enjoy all rights and privileges available to NonResident Indians excluding the right to invest in agriculture and plantation properties. There is no visa requirement for travel to India. The person has to carry his existing foreign passport along with Registration Certificate. Alternatively, the Overseas Citizen of India can apply for a new type of visa called U visa which is a multi-purpose, multiple-entry, life-long visa for those that wish to acquire it. It will entitle the Overseas Citizen of India to visit the country at any time for any length of time and for any purpose. An Overseas Citizen of India will not enjoy the following rights even if resident in India: (i) the right to vote, (ii) the right to hold the offices of President, VicePresident, Judge of Supreme Court and High Court, Member of Lok sabha, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly or Council, (iii) appointment to Public Services (Government Service). Also Overseas Citizens of India are not eligible for an inner line permit, they have to apply for a Protected area permit if they want to visit certain areas in India.

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

NRI
What benefits one is entitled to? All benefits as availabl e to Indian citizen subject to notificat ion issued by the Governm ent from time to time.

Does he/she require visa for visiting India? What activities can be under taken in India?

No

All activities

PIO Card holder No specific (1)Shall not require a separate visa to visit India. (2) Will benefits. be exempt from the requirements of registration if his/ her stay on any single visit in India does not exceed 180 days. (3) In the event of continuous stay in India exceeding 180 days, he/she shall have to get himself/herself registered within 30 days of the expiry of 180 days with the concerned FRRO/FRO. (4) Parity with NRIs in respect of all facilities available to the later in the economic, financial and educational fields excepts in maters relating to the acquisition of agricultural/ plantation properties. No parity shall be allowed in the sphere of political rights. Yes and of Can visit India without visa specific for 15 year from the date of type issue of PIO card. depending on his /her purpose of visit. Activity as All activities except specified in mountaineering, the visa missionary and research work and existing PAP/ RAP which require specific permit.

PIO

OCI
(1)A multiple entry multipurpose life long visa for visiting India. (2)Exemption from registration with local police authority for any length of stay in India. (3)Parity with non resident Indians (NRIs) in respect of economics financial and educational fields except in relation to the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties. No parity shall be allowed in the sphere of political rights. Any other benefit to OCIs will be notified by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) under section 7B (1) of the Citizenship Act 1955. Can visit India without visa for life long.

All activities except mountaineering, missionary and research work and existing PAP/ RAP which require specific permit

Ghanshyam Thori

10

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) Various Schemes/Features NRIs/OCBs (Overseas Commercial Bodies) can open the following types of accounts with banks in India, which hold authorised dealer licences, as also other banks, specifically authorised by the Reserve Bank to maintain accounts in the names of NRIs/OCBs. Rupee Accounts:1. Non-Resident (Ordinary) Account - NRO A/c. 2. Non-Resident (External) Rupee Account - NRE A/c. 3. Non-Resident (Non-Repatriable) - [(NRNR) discontinued since 01/04/2002] 4. Non-Resident (Special) Rupee - [(NRSR) discontinued since 01/04/2002] Foreign Currency Accounts: Non-Resident (Foreign Currency) Account FCNR A/c. (in Pounds, Sterling, US Dollars, Japanese Yen and Euro). A person, resident in India, who is earning foreign exchange, is also permitted to maintain a Foreign Currency account in India with an authorised dealer bank, to the extent of 50% of such foreign exchange earnings, under the Exchange Earners Foreign Currency Account (EEFC) Scheme. Q: What are the special features of each account? The special features are as under: NRO A/c.: The funds, standing to the credit of this account, cannot be repatriated outside India in foreign exchange, without prior permission of the Reserve Bank of India. Interest, earned on these accounts, is, however, eligible for repatriation outside India, net of Indian taxes. The remittance of interest (net of taxes) will be permitted by the authorised dealer, where the account is maintained, if the account holder makes an application to the authorised dealer, in the prescribed form. No RBI permission is required for remittance of interest. NRE A/c.: The funds, standing to the credit of this account, as well as interest earned thereon, are remittable outside India in free foreign exchange, without permission of the RBI. The interest income is not subject to Indian Income-tax. Credits to the accounts should be in the form of remittance in foreign exchange from outside India, as well as other funds, which are eligible to be remitted outside India, in free foreign exchange. Funds, emanating from local sources, are not eligible to be credited to these accounts, unless these funds are otherwise remittable outside India, in terms of the existing Exchange Control Regulations. FCNR A/c.: These accounts can be opened in four foreign currencies: Pounds Sterling; US Dollars; Japanese Yen; Euro. For the purpose of opening an account, remittance in foreign exchange, in the same currency, should be received in India. The accounts can be opened only as fixed deposits, with a minimum maturity of one year and, a maximum maturity of three years. The principal, as well as interest, earned on these accounts, is remittable outside India, in the same currency or, in other convertible currency, as desired by

NRI Accounts

Ghanshyam Thori

11

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) the account holder. The interest, earned on these deposits, is exempt from Indian Income-tax. Earlier known as Internship Programme for Diaspora Youth (IPDY), it is a threeKnow India week internship programme for diaspora youth conducted by the Ministry of Program Overseas Indian Affairs with a view to promote awareness on India, its socio-cultural diversity, its all round development, its emergence as an economic powerhouse, it being a centre of higher education and the ongoing developments in various fields including infrastructure, Information technology etc. Pravasi Bhartiya As per the recommendation of High Level Committee on Indian Diaspora (HLCID), the Government of India decided to celebrate Pravasi Bharatiya Divas in Divas recognition and appreciation of the constructive, economic and philanthropic role played by the Indian Diaspora, on the 9th day of January every year. January 9 has been chosen because it was on this day that Mahatma Gandhi, a Pravasi Bharatiya in South Africa for almost 2 decades, returned to India in 1915. Key Outcomes of PBD 2008 1) Prime Ministers Global Advisory Council of People of Indian Origin 2) India Development Foundation Empowerment of Rural Women 3) Council for the Promotion of Overseas Employment 4) India Diaspora Knowledge Network 5) PIO University 6) Mini-PBD in different parts of the world Overseas Indians have limited choice of either using the fast but expensive facility or E-remittance the economic but relatively slow facility to remit money back home. Keeping this in gateway view, the ministry has partnered with the UTI bank to develop an integrated, universal, electronic remittance gateway that combines the virtues of economy, speed and convenience. The remittance gateway is targeted to be fully operational in the GCC countries, to begin with by January 2007. A MOU was signed with the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin AAPI India Health Initiative during the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2006. The main objective of the scheme is to promote, establish and operate primary health care project through public private partnership with AAPI. Pravasi Bhartiya A compulsory Insurance Scheme for the emigrants going abroad for employment known as Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY) 2003 came into force from Bima Yojana 25.12.2003. The PBBY, 2003 has now been upgraded as the Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana, 2006 to provide broader coverage to the emigrant workers. The PBBY, 2006 has come into effect from 01.02.2006. The emigrant workers will now get a minimum insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs (instead of Rs. 2 lakhs) and the policy will be for the entire period of employment contract The scheme of Pre Departure Orientation & Awareness programme for workers and Predeparture skill upgradation of Indian Workers is started by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Orientation & Affairs to impart orientation training and to upgrade the skills of Indian Workers Skill intended to go abroad to give them competitive edge over the workers from other Development countries Under the proposed Scholarship Scheme, Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs Scholarship (MOIA) provides 100 scholarships to Indian students each year starting from 2006Program for 07. The students are selected on the basis of an entrance test conducted by M/s Diaspora Children (SPDC) Educational Consultants India Limited (Ed.CIL), an autonomous body under MHRD with whom the Ministry is working on a partnership basis 12 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori

Ghanshyam Thori DASA Scheme

New Scheme for Deserted Indian Women

PIO University Trace Your Roots Program

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) DASA stands for Direct Admission to Students Abroad. This Government of India has designated the Educational Consultants of India Limited (Ed.CIL) as the coordinating agency for carrying on the DASA Scheme. Under this scheme, deserving foreign nationals/ Persons of Indian Origins (PIOs) and Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are given direct admission to undergraduate Programmes offered by the National Institutes of Technology and other centrally funded institutes (other than IITs) and Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh . The objective of the scheme is to provide some financial assistance to needy women in distress who have been deserted by their overseas Indian spouses for obtaining counseling and legal services. The term Overseas Indian would include NRIs and foreign citizens of Indian origin. The counseling and legal services would be provided through credible Indian Womens Organizations/Indian Community Associations and NGOs identified for providing such services and empanelled with the Indian Missions in the USA, the UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Gulf. The scheme is a welfare measure to support women of Indian origin in distress, through the mobilization of the local Indian community in the endeavor and with some financial assistance from the Government. Indian Government has approved a policy framework to establish a NRI/PIO University in India in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) as a Deemed University denovo under Section 3 of the UGC Act as an Institution of Excellence A program which helps members of the Diaspora to establish the identity of their ancestral villages & to re-establish the social link that was snapped in the distant past. It works through interactive mode by developing a database through a questionnaire, transmission of the data to the administrative unit in the relevant district in India.

Indian Diaspora in Various Contries According to the April 2001 UK National Census. There are 1,051,800 people of Indians in UK Indian origin in the UK. Hindus comprise 45% of the population, Sikhs 29%, Muslims 13%, and Christians nearly 5%. 2005 Estimates state 2.41% of England's population as being Indian (not inc. Mixed race) which is around 1,215, Following continuous trend (including those of mixed Indian ancestry), in 2008 there are likely to be well over 1,600,000 Indian people in the UK. The total number of student visa's granted to Indian students for the year 2006-2007 Indians in were 34,136 a significant rise from 2002-2003 when 7,603 student visa's were Australia granted Indian students. Many in the community are Hindu and Sikh, while there also smaller number of Christians and Muslims. Their are about 260,000 Indians living in Australia There is a huge population of Indians in the Middle East, most coming from Kerala Indians in Middle East/Gulf and other south Indian states, especially in the oil rich countries neighboring the Persian Gulf. Most moved to the Gulf after the oil boom to work as labourers and for clerical jobs. Indians - all foreigners, in fact - in the Gulf do not normally become citizens however. They retain their Indian passports since most of the countries in the Gulf do not provide citizenship or permanent residency. One of the major reasons why Indians like to work in the Gulf is because it provides incomes many times over for the same type of job back in India and its geographical proximity to India. The Indian Diaspora makes up a good proportion of the working class in the GCC. In 2005, about 40% of the population in the United Arab Emirates were of Indian Ghanshyam Thori 13 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Ghanshyam Thori Indians in Mauritius

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) descent. Outside of India itself, Mauritius is the only country where people of Indian Origin form the vast majority (not including Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago where AfroTrinidadiand and Indo-Trinidadians have equal populations, or Fiji where the IndoFijians once formed the majority but not today). The people are known as IndoMauritians, and form about 70% of the population. The majority of them are Hindu (77%) and significant groups are Muslims (22%). Most Asians in South Africa are descended from indentured Indian labourers who were brought by the British from India in the 19th century, mostly to work in what is now the province of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). The rest are descended from Indian traders who migrated to South Africa at around the same time, many from the Gujarat area. The city of Durban, has the largest Asian population in sub-Saharan Africa, and the Indian independence leader Mahatma Gandhi worked as a lawyer in the city in the early 1900s. South Africa in fact has got the largest population of people of Indian descent outside of India in the world ie: born in South Africa and not migrated, compared to the U.S. Most of them are fourth to fifth generation descent. They mainly belong to the Hindu (the largest) and Muslim religious groupings. Most of them speak English as a first language (due to the British rule of the Natal colony), although some elders do speak Indian languages as a first language. Indian migration to the modern countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania started nearly a century ago when these were part of British East Africa. Most of these migrants were of Gujarati or Punjabi origin. Indian-led businesses were (or are) the backbone of the economies of these countries. After independence from Britain in the 1960s, the majority of Asians, as they were known, moved out or were forced out from these countries. Most of them moved to Britain, or India, or other popular destinations like the USA and Canada. From 1838 to 1917, over half a million Indians from the former British Raj or British India, were brought to the British West Indies as indentured servants to address the demand for labour following the abolition of slavery. Indo-Caribbeans are the largest ethnic group in Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad. Amartya Sen, Lord Swaraj Paul, Vinod Khosla, Laxmi Mittal, Salman Rushdie, Sabir Bhatia & Zubin Mehta (Musician, Conductor). Due to the contributions & influence of British Indians, a number of them have been nominated or elected in the house of lords like Lord Swaraj Paul, Bhikhu Parkekh (political scientist), Navnit Dholakia (politician), Khalid Hameed (Doctor) among others. ECR- Emigration Check Required FIPB- Foreign Investment Promotion Board KIP- Know India Programme MEA- Ministry of External Affairs MHA- Ministry of Home Affairs MOIA- Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs OCB- Overseas Corporate Body OCI- Overseas Citizenship of India PBD- Pravasi Bharatiya Divas JCI- Joint Commission International Girmitias as people of Indian Origin taken as indentured labourers in ships by the 14 Indians Outside India (Diaspora)

Indians in South Africa

Indians in E. Africa

Indians in the Carribean Few Famous NRIs Indians in the House of Lords Related Abbreviations

Girimata Ghanshyam Thori

Ghanshyam Thori Countries Problems NRIs face in India

Fields where NRIs have excelled

Fields in which Indians are most wanted Effort by GoI for It includes measures like 1. Relaxation in Stay period NRIs 2. Special Treatment in Investment in different fields 3. Special treatment in interest payment. 4. Both Rupee & Foreign Currency Accounts. 5. Reservation in Education institutes for Diaspora Children. NRIs have not only contributed in economic liberalization by investing in India but NRIs they also play important role as pressure groups in International forum & in Contribution to upgrading bilateral relations between various countries. Indias Devp Indians abroad are returning home, and offering the country a "brain gain" that could Reverse help solve some of India's crushing social problems. Drawn by a booming economy, Migration in which outsourcing is playing a crucial role, and the money to buy the lifestyle they had in America/Europe, Indians are returning in large numbers Gulf Remittances Worldwide, remittances reached $318 billion in 2007. India topped the list of recipients with $27 billion, followed by China with $25.7 billion and Mexico with $25 billion. More than 70 % of the remittances come from Gulf countries. Interestingly, India received the highest inbound remittances with only 22 million non-resident Indians, while there are about 40 million Chinese residing outside China. This was primarily due to the social and family structure in India.

Indians Outside India (Diaspora) British during the colonial times like Mauritius, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Surinam, Fiji, South Africa & Jamaica. Following are the problems 1. Sea change in the work culture 2. Lack of infrastructure 3. Bureaucratic hurdles. 4. Lack of technology. NRIs have excelled in Information Technology, Medical sciences, Engineering, Academics & Trade & Commerce. We have examples of Vinod Khosla, Khalid Hameed, Hinduja Brothers, Salman Rushdie, N.C. Choudhary, V S Naipaul, Prof Amartya Sen etc. Indians are wanted as both skilled & unskilled labour in the field of IT, Medical science, Egnineering, Teaching, Scientific research & as plumbers & labour.

Ghanshyam Thori

15

Indians Outside India (Diaspora)