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The poem's setting has several Gothic elements, as the kingdom by the sea is lonely and in an undefined but

mysterious location. Poe does not describe the setting with any specificity, and he weaves a hazy, romantic atmosphere around the kingdom until he ends by offering the stark and horrific image of a "sepulchre there by the sea." The location by the sea recalls the city of "The City in the Sea," which is also located by the sea and which is conceptually connected to death and decay. At the same time, the nostalgic tone and the Gothic background serve to inculcate the image of a love that outlasts all opposition, from the spiritual jealousy of the angels to the physical barrier of death. Although Annabel Lee has died, the narrator can still see her "bright eyes," an image of her soul and of the spark of life that gives a promise of a future meeting between the two lovers. Rhyme is used liberally in this poem. The use of the word sea to match Lee is overt and used continually, at least once in every stanza. This repetition obviously reflects madness; in this case the futility the lover must feel while left behind by Annabels death. The reiteration of these rhymes also exerts a numbing effect on the reader. Perhaps the speaker is alerting us to the lack of love he is experiencing in Annabels absence. Although Poe does not use any strict poetic form here, he does sporadically employ the anapest metre, combined with iambs. This allows for strong rhymes to be developed, and the mixture of anapaests and iambs in this manner is most characteristic of late19th-century verse, evident also in the works of Yeats and Byron. The techniques most common role is as a comic metre, which contrasts with the dark tone and content evident in Annabel Lee. The cyclical nature of the poem, returning endlessly to the kingdom and, of course, to Annabel Lee, could represent the circle of life prevalent in nature, and could indicate that the speaker feels his lovers demise was inevitable. Its circular structure could also reflect the fact that the love Poe has created here is so great that the poem itself, and the word love, are unable to fully encompass it. I think that this also reveals the central conflict within the poem: that the poet is unable to restrict these great feelings into the confines of words, so his frustration must be released in the repetitive imagery and relentless refrains of the kingdom by the sea.

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