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Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850

Carlos Fernndez
14/01/2013

GRID

Cronograma de Actividades

1er tema

Introduccin

Pg. 4

2do tema

Diagrama Unifilar del Sistema

Pg. 5

3er tema

Funciones de Proteccin

Pg. 6

4to tema

Tipo de comunicacin

Pg. 7

5to tema

Arquitectura del Sistema

Page 37

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 2

Cronograma de Actividades

6to tema

Lista de Seales

Pg. 40

7mo tema

Elaboracin de Base de Datos

Pg. 42

8vo tema

Configuracin de Vistas y Mmicos

Pg. 59

9no tema

Construccin fsica del Sistema

Pg. 60

10 tema

Diseo de protocolo y ejecucin de Pruebas

Pg. 61

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 3

Introduccin
Protection, Automation and Control Integrated Solution (PACiS)
Solucin modular y escalable Alto Nivel de Estandarizacin (IEC-61850) Dedicado para Automatizacin, Energa y Potencia Softwares empleados
System Configuration Editor (SCE) System Management Tool (SMT) Computer Maintenance Tool (CMT) Operator Interface (OI) MiCOM S1 Studio

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 4

Diagrama Unifilar
Definicin de Diagrama Unifilar del Sistema
Tipo de Subestacin: Barra Simple Nmero de Bahas: 2 Equipos de Maniobra: Interruptor de Potencia Seccionador de Lnea Seccionador de Barra Cuchilla de Puesta a Tierra

Nro de Bahas Simuladas (PLC): 1 Nivel de tensin 115kV.


Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 5

Funciones de Proteccin
Proteccin Diferencial de Lnea y Proteccin de Distancia
Baha Nro. 1: Filosofa de Proteccin: Hilo Piloto (ENELCO, ENELVEN) Consta de una proteccin principal tipo diferencial de lnea (87L+21) y de una proteccin secundaria de distancia (21S+67/67N) Baha Nro. 2: Filosofa de Proteccin: Consta de un rel de proteccin de alimentador y de un rel de sobrecorriente trifsico

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 6

Tipo de Comunicacin
Protocolo de Comunicaciones Norma IEC-61850
Extracto de Presentacin Michael Hackr Automation and Information Systems Se destacan los siguientes puntos: Estructura de la norma Servicio de Mensajera GOOSE Servicio de reportes (URCB y BRCB)

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013 - P 7

IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series Features


Automation & Information Systems
Michael Hcker

Webinars February/March 2008

Agenda
Basics of IEC 61850 - refresh

MiCOM IEC 61850 implementation phases

Enhancements of IEC 61850 implementation

Roll-out of IEDs with enhanced IEC 61850 features

Certification / Conformance Testing

> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

Basics of IEC 61850

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Selection of IEC 61850 Concepts


Modellization of the real world in a virtual world
define Logical Devices define Logical Nodes define Data Classes define Data Objects

Data transmission: Services


make use of Reporting make use of GOOSE transmission

Managing of Data Objects: Data Sets

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Virtualization

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Modelling Principles

Model is a Logical representation Identifies the various elements in the system


Protection, Control, Reporting

Provides a common view of a system


Across different products (Px30, Px40) Across different suppliers (AREVA, Siemens, ABB)

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Data Model of IEC 61850


Data groupings Logical Nodes, etc.

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

UCA & 61850 for Dummies. Douglas Proudfoot

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IEC 61850 Modelling: Logical Devices

IED Model contains one or more Logical Devices LD corresponds to an area of functionality, e.g.
Overcurrent Protection Logging & Recording

AREVA relays have up to 5 Logical Devices


System Control Measurands Records Protection

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Modelling: Logical nodes


Functions: Logical Nodes 92 Logical Node Classes

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

IEC61850-7-1 Standard

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IEC 61850 Modelling: Data Classes


Data: 355 Data classes

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 Webinar UCA & 61850 for Dummies. Douglas Proudfoot

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IEC 61850 Modelling: Example


Data context retained

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

UCA & 61850 for Dummies. Douglas Proudfoot

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IEC 61850 Data Transmission: Reporting

Mechanism for reporting data changes Types of Report


Instantaneous Report generated when the data changes Delayed Report generated after expiry of a timer started when data first changes

Optional Features
Integrity (Timed) - Regular reporting irrespective of any changes On Demand (General Interrogation) - Client interrogates server to get latest report

Data in report defined by a Data Set (Named Variable List)

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Data Transmission: GOOSE Transmission principle


High speed peer-to-peer communication Multicasted
All IED belonging to the multicast address will decode the message simultaneously Decoding is by hardware, multicast address is by system configuration

Repeated in order to cope with


A temporary failure of an IED (example: queue overflow) or of the communication (example: re-configuration after a failure) The restart of a subscribing IED so that it can re-initialize its automation sequence However there is no guarantee that the message has been received

Prioritized:
This is used by the switches (IEEE 801.2Q) and by the application

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Data Transmission: GOOSE Repetition Principle


The standard does not define the repetition interval
Initial repetition is typically few ms (burst) in order to maximize the probability to achieve fast automation after a short temporary failure Asymptotic repetition is typically a few seconds in order to re-start the full system behavior (i.e. automation) within that time frame

The message has a time allowed to live parameter


Used to inform the receiver when the next message is supposed to arrive The receiver is able to detect the failure of the publisher and eventually start a fall-back algorithm

When a message is repeated then the sequence number is incremented All devices sending GOOSE messages are continuing to send the message with a long cycle time, even if no status/value change has occurred.
This ensures that devices that have been activated recently will know the current status values of their peer devices. Facilitates integrity checks of the wiring path.
21 > IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar 21

IEC 61850 Data Transmission: GOOSE Receiving GOOSEs


Upon GOOSE reception, the receiver will normally execute a logic combination or sequence The GOOSE messages contain information that allow the receiving device to know that a status has changed and the time of the last status change. The time of the last status change allows a receiving device to set local timers relating to a given event. The receiver will receive the repetitions of GOOSE and possibly ignore them in its application processing
MiCOM devices only process the message if a change is detected.

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Data Transmission: Data Sets

A DATA-SET is
ordered group of ObjectReferences of DATA or DataAttributes (called the data set members), organized as a single collection for the convenience of the client membership and order of the ObjectReferences in a DATASET shall be known to both the client and the server only the name of the DATA-SET and the current values of the referenced DATA or DataAttributes need to be transmitted permits more efficient use of the communications bandwidth.

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Data Transmission: Data Sets

Data sets are used by various services:


Data polling Reports Logging (not supported in MiCOM) GOOSE

Data sets can be


Fixed Configurable Dynamic (not supported in MiCOM)

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Interoperability

Interchangeability

Interoperability

The ability for IEDs from one or several manufacturers to exchange information and to use the information for their own functions is one of the objectives of IEC 61850.

Others are

Free Configuration

and

Long Term Stability.

Interchangeability, the possibility to replace one device from one


manufacturer by another device from a second manufacturer without the need of engineering adaptation is the long-term objective. IEC 61850 Edition 2 is not going to solve this expectation from customer side.

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM IEC 61850 implementation phases

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM IEC 61850 Implementation


The product behaviour of AREVA IEDs is described in individual documents:
machine readable in XML format
.icd file Standard file from the manufacturer, describing the overall comms functionality without making reference to a project .cid file File describing the functionality of an engineered (project tailored) IED

readable
PICS (Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement) MICS (Model Implementation Conformance Statement) ADL (Address Assignment List) PIXIT (Protocol Implementation Extra Information for Testing), unique per MiCOM product family TICS (Technical Issues)

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM IEC 61850 Implementation Phases


based on IEC 61850 Edition 1
Basic IEC 61850 implementation in MiCOM IEDs Phase I = Phase 1 (old)
for MiCOM Px4x series (except P441, P541, P542, P742, P844, P846) for MiCOM Px3x series (except Px3xC, P432) not for MiCOM Px2x series, not for MiCOM Px1x series

MiCOM IEC 61850 implementation enhancements Phase II & III = Phase 2 (old)
ongoing (Px4x, Px3x) not for MiCOM Px2x series, not for MiCOM Px1x series

based on IEC 61850 Edition 2


further MiCOM IEC 61850 implementation enhancements to come

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 Edition 2 Phase II & III do not mix them up

Phase II & III, Phase 2


communications implementation in MiCOM based on IEC 61850 Ed.1 enhancement to the existing IEC 61850 implementation

Edition 2
new, revised edition of the standard extension of the modelling (new LNs) clarifications, adaptations, implementation of TISSUES communications between substations to come Q1/Q2 of 2010

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM IEC 61850 Implementation Phases


All MiCOM IEC 61850 implementation phases are in line with the standard Phase I implementation is not false, it is only making use of a different concept IEC 61850 Edition 2 implementation is not yet available

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Enhancements of IEC 61850 implementation

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Report Buffering

Two types of report buffering: Unbuffered and Buffered Behaviour of Reporting during communication loss
Unbuffered
Reports generated during communication loss are discarded Sequence of Event (SoE) reporting not guaranteed

Buffered
Report generated during communications loss are preserved (buffered) Buffered reports sent to client on reconnection Guarantees SoE reporting Not included in Phase I

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Reporting of Phase II & III

Unbuffered Report Control Blocks


a maximum of 16 URCBs, located in System/LLN0

Buffered Report Control Blocks


A maximum of 8, located in System/LLN0 only 1 client can subscribe to each BRCB

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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GOOSE Implementation of Phase II & III

Multiple GOOSE Control Blocks according to each product (typically 8 off)


each publishes a separate GOOSE message

GOOSE message can contain any configurable data set


must fit into 1 Ethernet message frame (<1500 bytes)

GOOSE inputs still map onto 32 boolean virtual inputs

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Phase II & III Implementation of Data Sets


Data sets are now configurable by the user
Any number can be created in any LN Any data object or attribute from the entire data model (except control block attributes) can be published in any data set Uses the IED Configurator

Easy point & click interface to select data set members Data sets must be located in the same Logical Node as the control block that uses them (usually LLN0) Advantages
Tailor made to the system No project specific report enable/disable from client Improves communication efficiency Import of defined datasets from SCE of any vendor
35 > IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar 35

Phase II Functionalities

Function
Connection Model Data Model DataSets Settings Substitution Reporting Logging GOOSE GSSE Controls Time File Transfer

Px30
Y Y Configurable N N Configurable URCB & BRCB N Configurable Y Y Y Read

Px40
Y Y Configurable N N Configurable URCB & BRCB N Configurable N Y Y Read

C264
Y Y Configurable Y Y URCB & BRCB Y Binary & Analog N Y Y Read

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Arquitectura del Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico

Conexin en doble anillo redundante (autocicatrizante) Equipos: Proteccin Diferencial de Lnea (MiCOM P545) Proteccin de Distancia (MiCOM P443) Proteccin de Alimentador (MiCOM P143) Proteccin de Sobrecorriente (MiCOM P123)

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 14/01/2013- P 37

Arquitectura del Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico


Tecnologa Autocicatrizante de Alstom

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 38

Arquitectura del Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico

Controlador de Baha C264 -----------------> Proteccin Diferencial de Lnea P545 ------> Proteccin de Distancia P443 -------------->

Proteccin de Alimentador P143 -----------> Proteccin de Sobrecorriente P123 -------->

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 39

Lista de Seales

La lista de seales es un documento esencial para la elaboracin de la base de datos del sistema de proteccin y control numrico ya que presenta todas las seales que van a ser manejadas por el mismo, independientemente si son cableadas o informacin que viaja por la red. Entre otros elementos, contiene:
Posicin de Equipos de Maniobra (NA y NC, local/remoto) Alarmas (protecciones y equipos) Disparos cableados y por red

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 40

Lista de Seales

Esta lista de seales de presenta generalmente en una tabla como la siguiente:


EQUIPO P443 P545 P143 NOMBRE CORTO DISPARO 21 Z3 FALLA CANAL DIF ARRANQUE 67 INST NOMBRE LARGO DISPARO PROTECCIN DE DISTANCIA ZONA 3 FALLA DE COMUNICACIN CANAL DIFERENCIAL ARRANQUE PROTECCION SOBRECORRIENTE DIRECCIONAL TEMPORIZADA CORRIENTE FASE A DIRECCIN IEC P443/Protection/PDis 3/ST P545/System/GosGGI O2/ST/Ind1 P143/System/GosGGI O2/ST/Ind5 P545/Measurements/ PriRmsMMXU1/MX/A /phsA

P545

CORRIENTE A

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 41

Elaboracin de la Base de Datos

Como es de conocimiento general, la base de datos es el corazn del sistema de control y proteccin numrico. En ella se configuran las seales as como tambin todas las interfaces hombre mquina (vistas) que se manejan en el sistema. De manera general el proceso se reduce a tres etapas:
Importacin de plantillas de configuracin Personalizacin de las seales de cada equipo presente en la red (solucin tailor made) Importacin de los archivos SCL (IEC-61850) de los equipos.

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 42

Elaboracin de la Base de Datos

Como es de conocimiento general, la base de datos es el corazn del sistema de control y proteccin numrico. En ella se configuran las seales as como tambin todas las interfaces hombre mquina (vistas) que se manejan en el sistema. De manera general el proceso se reduce a cuatro etapas:
Importacin de plantillas de configuracin Personalizacin de las seales de cada equipo presente en la red (solucin tailor made) Importacin de los archivos SCL (IEC-61850) de los equipos. Personalizacin de vistas y mmicos

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 43

IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series Configuration


Automation & Information Systems
Michael Hcker

Webinars February/March 2008

Agenda
Tools

From Project to Implementation: Configuration of IEDs

IEC 61850 IED Configurator live demonstration

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Tools

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM Setting Tools


MiCOM S1 Studio and MiCOM S1 V2.14

IEC 61850 IED Configurator


part of MiCOM S1 Studio package stand alone

SCL Exporter
subset of IED Configurator for conversion of .mcl into .icd

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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MiCOM Setting Tools


All tools require
ACTUAL data models for IED management/settings .icd files corresponding to the IED data models

Updating of PC installation
Data Model Manager, part of MiCOM S1 Studio package for easy downloading from AREVA server
data models for MiCOM S1 Studio .icd files for the IEC 61850 IED Configurator

Data Model Downloader for MiCOM S1 V2.14 for easy downloading from AREVA server
data models for MiCOM S1 V2.14

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Test Tools
AREVA GOOSE Spy
good for monitoring GOOSES on Ethernet LAN possibility to import the .scd (out of SCE or converted .mcl) to view the engineered data objects to become a sellable AREVA product

Ethereal / Wireshark
external product, free of charge

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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From Project to Implementation: Configuration of IEDs

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Configuration of Phase I IEDs

IED Configurator

S1 Studio

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Configuration of Phase I IEDs


PACiS SCE

IED Configurator

S1 Studio

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Configuration of Phase II & III IEDs


PACiS SCE

IED Configurator

S1 Studio

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Configuration Parameters Phase II & III

PC S1 Studio Device parameters


Parameter download

IED CPU

Switching parameter

IED Configurator

Ethernet board
Parameter upload

IEC 61850 parameter bank 1

IEC 61850 parameter bank 2

Bank switching for activation of the IEC 61850 comms parameters

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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GOOSE Configuration
Device A (publisher)
IEC 61850 Mapping
S1 Studio System/GosGGIO2

Device B (subscriber)
S1 Studio

GOOSE: Output 1 .. 32
System/GosGGIO2.ST.ind1 .. 32

GOOSE: Input 1 .. 32

IED Configurator

IED Configurator

System/GosGGIO1

System/LLN0/Datasetx
IED Configurator

Pos1.stVal .. Pos32.stVal

System/LLN0/gcb01 .. 08

MCL

IED Configurator

System/DevGosGGIO3

Pos1.stVal .. Pos32.stVal

fixed assignment S1 Studio

Ext.Dev 1 .. 32

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Uniqueness of Control Configuration


Device A (publisher)
IED Configurator S1 Studio

Device B (subscriber)

Control/LLN0.ST.OrdRun.stVal

IED Configurator

System/LLN0/Datasetx
IED Configurator IED Configurator System/OrdRunGGIO1

System/LLN0/gcb01 .. 08

MCL

Ind1.stVal .. Ind32.stVal

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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IEC 61850 IED Configurator - live demonstration

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> IEC 61850 Enhancements on MiCOM Px3x and Px4x series - February/March 2009 - Webinar

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Elaboracin de la Base de Datos


Configuracin de rels de Proteccin usando MiCOM S1 Studio La configuracin de cada rel se realiza empleando el programa MiCOM S1 Studio o MiCOM S1 Agile (nuevo, 2012) El trabajo que se hace sobre cada uno de los rels se concentra en cuatro grandes bloques:
Configuracin de funciones de proteccin Ajustes de parmetros Personalizacin de lgica programable (tailor made) Configuracin de elementos IEC-61850

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 58

Elaboracin de la Base de Datos


Personalizacin de Vistas y Mmicos de la Interface HombreMquina La personalizacin de seales y vistas y mmicos son elementos que consumen la mayor parte de las horas de ingeniera de diseo en el rea de control, ya que depende de las necesidades de cada cliente. Sin embargo puede representarse en cinco elementos:
Configuracin de comandos de apertura y cierre de los equipos de patio Despliegue de mediciones Despliegue de alarmas y eventos Despliegue general elctrico y detallado de las bahas involucradas

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 59

Construccin fsica del sistema de Control y Proteccin de la subestacin


Luego de haber concluido la mayor parte de uso de software, ahora corresponde la parte de hardware, es decir, el cableado entre los dispositivos involucrados en el sistema Para ello se utilizarn las herramientas y los materiales disponibles

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 60

Pruebas del sistema de Control y Proteccin de la subestacin


Para verificar el buen funcionamiento y diseo del sistema de control y proteccin se debe disear un protocolo de pruebas que permita establecer la calidad del producto final Este protocolo de pruebas debe incluir las reas de proteccin y control. Estas pruebas se conocen en Alstom como Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) Para ejecutar las pruebas de protecciones se emplear la maleta de pruebas OMICRON CMC-256-6 para simular las seales analgicas provenientes del patio de la subestacin

Curso de Diseo de Sistema de Control y Proteccin Numrico usando la norma IEC-61850 - 14/01/2013 - P 61

Muchas gracias por su atencin E-mail: carlos.fernandez@alstom.com www.alstom.com