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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

A study was conducted on welfare measures by KIRABAKARAN (1983) his findings are as follows Dunlop India Ltd, has under taken a number of welfare measures in addition to statutory provision. Majority of the workers and staff are satisfied about the welfare facilities provided by the concern. S.KUMAR (1993), A study on the Labour welfare measures in AFT Ltd Pondy. The author concluded the objective of the study is to find out the welfare facilities provided on the AFT and the employees suggestion and opinion about welfare measures by using structure questionnaire and by concluding personal simple random sample for a sample of 100. The study revealed the welfare measure provided by the company was adequate except for a few systems like housing scheme and pension scheme. JOHRI C.K AND SHARMA D.I, Financing and administration of labour welfare Sri Ram centres for industrial relation 1968, New Delhi. Analysis on the lines of important aspect to be much more deficient is considered as a favor by the employer to employee in terms of providing facilities like having education and recreation. R.NAJEED (1996), labour welfare measure in Tanjore Corporation spinning mills, Manalmedu.The main objective of his study is to identify the worker welfare measure and to analysis the problem in the implementation of the welfare measure to identify the need for improved working condition. Labour welfare may be viewed as total concept, as a social concept and as a relative concept.

K.Srikanth July 2004. The productivity of an organization is dependent on occupational health and employee well being. He concluded the research addressing occupational health and employee well being concentrates on 4 major areas in organizational psychology, job insecurity, work hours, control at work and managerial style. The heightened pressure can impact their behavior towards employees.

S.K.SRIVASTRA (2004) in a study on Impact of labour welfare on employee attitudes and job satisfaction, found that, if the management goes on working for welfare of labourers, the labourers feel satisfied with their job and the get the motivation towards their work. For the study two hundred workers were selected from private and public sector with the help of incidental sampling method and both the sectors have been taken from Kanpur city. Further the result of the study indicated that welfare activities/facilities affect the workers attitude towards management and job satisfaction in both sectors.

HRM REVIEW- EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND WELLNESS SUMATHI REDDY 2006. Employee health and wellness is a key concern for employers and employees alike. Intense competition, tendency for a more materialistic life and intensification of work due to modern production and processing technology are some of the factors contributing towards an imbalanced life style. Unless conscious measures are taken relating to health and wellness, it will lead to loss of productivity and working days and loss of valuable talent.

According to Mr. Robert (2006) Employee welfare in general, these are the benefits that an employee must receive from his/her company, like allowances, housing for those companies who provides, transportation, medical, insurances, food and some other way where the employee has rights to demand. According to MR. RAVIKUMAR (2003) Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration. The welfare measures need not be in monetary terms only but in any kind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring of working conditions, creation of industrial harmony through infrastructure for health, industrial relations and insurance against disease, accident and unemployment for the workers and their families. According to MR. R. PRADEEP (2009) Employee welfare is a comprehensive term including various services, benefits and facilities offered to employees & by the employers. Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees.

Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration. The welfare measures need not be in monetary terms only but in any kind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring of working conditions, creation of industrial harmony through infrastructure for health, industrial relations and insurance against disease, accident and unemployment for the workers and their families.

According to WIKIPEDIA Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of wellbeing and social support for all citizens. In most developed countries, Welfare is largely provided by the government, in addition to charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and intergovernmental organizations. In the end, this term replaces "charity" as it was known for thousands of years, being the voluntary act of providing for those who temporarily or permanently could not provide for themselves.