INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION INTERFERENCE AND DIFFRACTION
CET WORKSHEETS
Interference And Diffraction
1. Interference of light was first of all
experimentally observed by
a) Maxwell b) Einstein
c) Planck d) Young
2. The soap bubbles of colorless soap solution
appears multicoloured in white light. It is due
to
a) only destructive interference
b) only constructive interference
c)
with the destructive and constructive
interference
d)
neither constructive nor destructive
interference
3. The interference phenomenon can take place
a) in all waves
b) in transverse waves only
c) in longitudinal waves only
d) in stationary wave only
4. To produce constructive interference at a point
he path difference between two waves
superposing at the point should be
a) 0, , 2 ,3 ....... x n =
b)
3
0, , ,
2 2
x
=
c)
3
0, , ,
2 2
x
=
d) ( )
3 5
, , ....... 2 1
2 2 2 2
x n
=
5. The locus or region of all the bright points
produced due to the superposition of two
identical light wave is
a) bright band or bright fringes
b) dark band or dark fringes
c) band width
d) both a and b
6. The distance of a point on the screen from two
coherent sources differ by 93 wavelengths. Is
the point bright or dark ? If the p.d. is 0.0465
mm, the wavelength of sources of light is
a)
bright and 5000
o
A =
b)
dark and 5000
o
A =
c) bright and 4650
o
A =
d)
dark and 4650
o
A =
7. When two light waves arrives at a point
simultaneously and out of phase they produce
a) constructive interference
b) steady interference
c) diffraction of light
d) destructive interference
8. The mathematical condition of path difference
between two identical waves for destructive
interference or darkness is
a) ( ) 2 1
2
n
+ ( ) 0,1, 2,3,....... n =
b) ( ) 2 1
2
n
( ) 1, 2,3..... n =
c) ( ) 1
2
n
+
d) both a and b
9. Two waves originating from sources
1
S and
2
S having zero phase difference and common
wavelength will show completely destructive
interference at a point P, if
1 2
S P S P is
a) 2 b)
3
4
c)
11
2
d) 5
10. The optical path difference between two
identical waves arriving at a point is 85.5 . Is
the point bright or dark ? If the path diff. is
42.5 , m the wavelength of light is
a)
bright and
0
4970A =
b)
dark and
0
4970A =
c) bright and
0
4250A =
d)
dark and
0
4250A =
11. Two light waves
1
sin y a t = and
( )
2
sin y a t = + interfere at a point. For
destructive interference the value of is
a)
0
180 b)
0
0
c)
0
360
d)
0
720
Interference And Diffraction
50
12.
Two waves ( )
1
5sin 3 y t = and
( )
2
3sin 5 y t = meet at point to produce
interference. The equation of the third wave
which will produce a perfect destructive
interference is
a) ( )
3
8sin 4 y t =
b) ( )
3
8sin 5 y t =
c) ( )
3
3sin 4 y t =
d) ( )
3
5sin 5 y t =
13. In an interference pattern, the phase difference
of waves resulting in a dark point in rad. is
a) 0 b) / 2
c) d) 2
14. A distance is equivalent to the phase
difference of
a) 2 b)
c) / 2 d) / 4
15. The path difference between two waves
1 1
2
sin
x
y a t
 
=

\
and
2 2
2
cos
x
y a t
 
= +

\
is
a)
2
2
 

\
b)
2 2
 
+

\
c)
2
d)
2
16. Optical path difference between two identical
waves meeting at a point is
6
5.7 10 m
. Which
of the following wavelength will give dark
point
a) 6000 A.U b) 3000 A.U
c) 600 A.U d) 300 A.U
17. A point P on the screen is at distance of 405
and 402.5 from two coherent sources at point
P we get
a) 2
nd
bright band b) 3
rd
dark band
c) 5
th
bright band d) 5
th
dark band
18. When film is illuminated by white light, its
upper portion appears dark. Phase difference
between two reflected beam at the spot must be
(when n = 1, 2, 3,.)
a) 0 b) n
c) ( ) 2 1 n
d) ( ) 2 1 n +
19. In Youngs double slit experiment, phase
difference between light waves reaching fourth
bright band fro the central bright band when
wavelength of light is will be
a) 8 b) 6
c) 4 d) 2
20. In an experimental set up two interfering light
waves emitted by sources
1
S and
2
S have an
initial phase difference corresponding to a path
difference of / 2 . At points of constructive
and destructive interference the phase
difference due to the path difference between
two interfering waves is respectively
a) ( ) 2 , 2 1 n n +
b) ( ) 2 1 , 2 n n +
c)
1 1
2 , 2
2 2
n n
   
+
 
\ \
d) ( ) ( ) 2 1 , 2 1 n n +
21. The optical path difference
2 1
Xd
S P S P
D
 
=

\
between two light waves interfering at the
central point P on screen is always
a) one
b) zero
c) less than zero
d) greater than zero
22. In Youngs double slit experiment, distance
between two slits is d and D is the distance
between screen and slits. P is a point on the
screen directly infront of one of the slits. The
path difference between the waves arriving at P
from the two slits is
a)
2
2
D
d
b)
2
2
D
D
c)
2
2D
d
d)
2
2d
D
23. Let
1
a and
2
a be the amplitudes of two light
waves and
1
and
2
be their initial phases.
The resultant amplitude due to superposition of
the two light waves is
a)
( )
2 2
1 2 1 2 1 2
2 cos R a a a a = + +
b)
1 2
R a a =
c)
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 R a a a a = +
d)
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 R a a a a = + +
Interference And Diffraction
51
24. Let
1
a and
2
a be the amplitudes of two light
waves and
1
and
2
be there initial phases.
The resultant amplitude deo to the superposition
of two light wave when two waves are in same
phase will be
a)
1 2
a a +
b)
1 2
a a
c) 0 d)
2 2
1 2
a a +
25. The phase difference between two waves
reaching at a point is .
2
 
= +

\
and
2
5 sin3 3cos3 y t t
(
= +
then what is the
ratio of their amplitude
a) 1 : 1 b) 1 : 5
c) 1 : 2 d) 1 : 4
28. Let
1
I and
2
I be the intensity of two light
waves of amplitude
1
a and
2
a respectively.
is the phase difference between two waves. The
resultant intensity I at a point due to the
superposition of two light waves is
a)
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 . .cos I I I I I = + +
b)
1 2 1 2
2 . .cos I I I I I = + +
c)
2 2
1 2 1 2
2 cos I a a a a = + +
d) both b and c
29. Two progressive waves of equations
( )
1
8sin 100 y t = + and
2
6sin100 y t =
superpose at a point. The intensity of the
resultant wave at the point is proportional to
a) 28 b) 100
c) 4 d) zero
30. When the phase difference 2 , n = for which n
= 0, 1, 2,. The condition for maximum
intensity of light due to interference of two light
waves will be
a)
m 1 2
I
ax
a a = +
b) ( )
2
m 1 2
I
ax
a a = +
c)
1
m
2
I
ax
a
a
=
d) ( )( )
m 1 2 1 2
I
ax
a a a a = +
31. The ratio of maximum intensity of minimum
intensity due to interference of two light waves
of amplitude
1
a and
2
a will be given by
a)
( )
( )
2
1 2 m
2
m
1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
+
=
b)
m 1 2
m 1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
+
=
c)
2 2
m 1 2
2 2
m 1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
+
=
+
d)
m 1 2
m 1 2
I
I
ax
in
a a
a a
=
+
32. The equation of two light waves are
1
6cos Y t = and ( )
2
8cos . Y t = + The ratio
of maximum to minimum intensities produced
by the superposition of these waves will be
a) 49 : 1 b) 1 : 49
c) 1 : 49 d) 4 : 1
33. Two coherent light source of intensity ratio
36 : 25 are used in interference experiment.
What is the ratio of maximum intensity of
minimum intensity in the interference pattern
a) 6 : 5 b) 5 : 6
c) 1 : 121 d) 121 : 1
34. What is the ratio of slit width if the amplitude
of light waves from them have a ratio of 2 :1
a) 2 : 1 b) 1 : 2
c)
2 :1
d)
1: 2
35. What is resultant intensity after interference of
two coherent waves given as
1 1
cos y a t = and
2 2
cos
2
y a t
 
=

\
a)
1 2
a a +
b)
( )
2 2
1 2
a a
c)
1 2
a a
d)
( )
2 2
1 2
a a +
Interference And Diffraction
52
36. In Youngs experiment the intensity at the
central bright band in the fringe is 16 units. If
one slit is closed, the intensity at the same point
where central band was produced will be
a) 16 units b) 8 units
c) 4 units d) 2 units
37. The interference pattern in which the positions
of maximum and minimum intensity of light
remain fixed is
a) sustained interference
b) constructive interference
c) destructive interference
d) cant say
38. Two sources of light waves are called coherent
if
a) both have same amplitude
b) both produce waves of the same
wavelength
c) both produce waves of same acceleration
d) both produce waves of the same
wavelength having a constant phase
difference
39. Which of the following produces coherent
sources
a) ordinary prism
b) nicol prism
c) biprism
d) achromatic prism
40. Instead of using two slits in Youngs
experiment, if we use two separate but identical
sodium lamps (i.e. monochromatic lights),
which of the following occurs
a) very bright maxima
b) very dark minima
c) general illumination
d) very bright minima
41. A source of light is said to be monochromatic if
it will emit light waves of
a) different wavelength
b) decreases wavelength
c) increasing wavelengths
d) same wavelengths
42. Which of the following source of light is
monochromatic source
a) sun light
b) LASER
c) sodium vapour lamp
d) both b and c
43. If two sources are monochromatic, equally
intense but not coherent then
a) the entire screen appears dark
b) no interference takes place
c) interference is coloured and seen
d) interference takes place but it is not steady
so that it can not be seen
44. To obtain sharp and clear interference pattern.
Ratio of intensities of two sources must be
a) 1 : 4 b) 4 : 1
c) 16 : 1 d) 1 : 1
45. In Youngs experiment with one source and two
slits, one of the slits is covered with black
paper. Then
a) the fringe will be broader
b) the fringe will be darker
c) the fringe will be narrower
d) no fringes will be obtained and the screen
will have uniform illumination
46. The wavelengths of light of wavelength
0
1
3500A = and
0
2
4500A = are sent
through Youngs double slit experiment
simultaneously
a) ninth bright fringe of
1
coincide with
seventh bright fringe of
2
b) seventh bright fringe of
1
coincide with
ninth bright fringe of
2
c) the number of fringes formed by
1
is
equal to number of fringes formed by
2
d) no interference pattern will be observed
47. The optical path difference
( )
2 1
S P S P between the two light waves
interfering at a point P on the screen is
tan
th
n
X dis ce of n band from
central brigh band
 
=


\
a)
n
X D
d
b)
n
X d
D
c)
n
X d
D
d)
n
X D
d
Interference And Diffraction
53
48.
The distance of
th
n dark band from the central
bright band is
a) ( )
n
d
x nX =
b) ( ) ( ) 2 1
2
n
d
X
x n =
c) ( )
n
b
X
x
n
=
d)
( )
( ) 2 1
n
b
X
x
n
=
49. The expression for band width is
a)
Dd
b)
D
d
c)
d
D
d)
D
d
50. Two sources of light 0.6 mm apart are
illuminated by a ray of light, The path
difference between the two light waves
interfering on the screen 100 cm away from the
slit, at a point 3 mm from central bright band is
a)
6
1.8 10 m
b)
7
1.8 10 m
c)
5
1.8 10 m
d)
8
1.8 10 m
51. In Youngs double slit experiment, the distance
between slit and eyepiece is 1m and the
separation between two slits is 1 mm. If the slit
is illuminated by a light of wavelength
5
6 10 cm
b)
( )
8
3 10 rad
c)
( )
6
3 10 rad
d)
( )
5
4 10 rad
69. In biprism experiment the light source is
a) narrow b) extended
c) mutichromatic d) at infinity
70. The distance between slit and biprism should be
a) small so that two coherent images are
separated by large distance
b) small so that two coherent images are
separated by small distance
c) large so that the two coherent images are
separated by a small distance
d) large so that the two coherent images are
separated by a large distance
71. The distance between two virtual images of the
source can be varied by changing the distance
between
a) slit and eyepiece
b) biprism and eyepiece
c) slit and biprism
d) both a and b
72. To increase fringe width in biprism experiment
a) eyepiece must be moved away from
biprism
b) eyepiece must be moved towards biprism
c) intensity of monochromatic light must be
increased
d) intensity of monochromatic light must be
decreased
Mahesh Tutorials Science
Interference And Diffraction
55
73. To obtain distinct and well defined interference
pattern in the focal plane of eyepiece using
biprism experiment which of the following is
true
a) distance between slit and biprism must be
small
b) the refracting edge of biprism must be
vertical and parallel to the light coming
through slit
c) both a and b
d) neither a and b
74. A fringe pattern is obtained by using a biprism
as shown in fig. X is the fringe width. Upper
half plane surface is blackened as shown. Then
a) X increases
b) X decreases
c) X remains same
d) fringes disppear
75. In case of biprism experiment, the phase diff.
between two waves meeting at the centre of
screen is
a)
b) / 2
c) 2 d) zero
76. The distances between diminished and
magnified images of slit for two positions are
1
d and
2
d respectively, the distance between
two virtual images
a)
1 2
d d d =
b)
1 2
d d d =
c)
1 2
/ d d d =
d)
1 2
/ d d d =
77. In biprism experiment if the distance between
diminished images with convex lens is 2 mm
and d is 4 mm. The distance between magnified
images will be
a) 8 cm b) 8 mm
c) 6 cm d) 10 mm
78. In a biprism experiment, the distance between
the slit and the focal plane of the eyepiece is 1.2
m and the wavelength of light used in 5000 .
o
A
When a convex lens is interposed (between the
biprism and eyepiece) the images of the slits in
the two positions are 5 mm and 1.8 mm apart.
The distance between the centre of the pattern
and twelth dark band is
a)
3
2.3 10 m
b)
3
3.2 10 m
c)
3
1.3 10 m
d)
3
4.3 10 m
79. In a biprism experiment, the eyepiece is at a
distance of 1.2m from the slit and the distance
between the two virtual sources is 4 mm. The
distance between nine dark bands on either side
of the central bright band is 2.652 mm. The
value of
a)
1200
o
A
b)
7500
o
A
c)
5200
o
A
d)
9050
o
A
80. In a biprism experiment, the distance between
the first and eleventh briht fringes formed by
light of wavelength is
3
1.8 10 . m
If the
light is replaced by one of wavelength / 2,
then distance between the first and sixteenth
bright fringe will be
a) 1.92 mm b) 1.35 cm
c) 1.45 mm d) 1.35 mm
81. In a biprism experiment , the slit is illuminated
with light of wavelength 6000
o
A . The distance
between the slit and eyepiece is 0.9 m. the
virtual images of the slits are formed 3mm
apart. The source is then replaced by another
source of light of wavelength 5400 .
o
A The slit
and biprism are not disturbed. The distance
between the slit and eyepiece to get the same
band width as before is
a) 1 cm b) 1 m
c) 0.5 m d) 0.9 m
82. Two parallel slits 1mm apart are illuminated
with the light of wavelength 60000
o
A from a
single slit. A screen is placed at 1m from the slit
the distance between the 2
nd
bright band on one
side and 5
th
bright band on the other side of
central bright band is
a) 1.2 mm b) 4.2 mm
c) 5 mm d) 6.2 mm
83. In a briprism experiment, interference bands are
observed a t a distance of 1m from the slit. A
convex lens put between the lit and the eye
piece gives two images of lit 0.7 cm apart, the
lens being 30 cm form the slit. Calculate the
width of 10 bands of light of wavelength 5892
o
A is used
a) 0.1875 cm b) 0.2517 cm
c) 0.1964 mm d) 0.1964 cm
84. The bending of beam of light around corners of
obstacle is called
a) polarization b) reflection
c) interference d) diffraction
85. Diffraction and refraction indicate
a) wave nature b) particle nature
c) both a and b d) neither a nor b
Mahesh Tutorials Science
Interference And Diffraction
56
86. Diffraction of light is due to
a) dispersion of light
b) refraction of light
c) change in the path of light around corners
of an obstacle/aperture
d) total internal reflection
87. For Fresnels diffraction, the
a) distance between obstacle and screen is
small
b) the incident wavefront may be spherical
but not plane wavefront
c) both a and b
d) neithera and b
88. Which of the following undergo maximum
diffraction
a) rays b) rays
c) radio waves d) light waves
89.
The expression for
th
n minima in diffraction
pattern is
a) sin
n
d n = n = 1, 2, 3
b)
( ) sin 2 1
n
d n = + n = 1, 2, 3
c)
2
sin
n
d n = n = 1, 2, 3
d)
2
sin /
n
d n = n = 1, 2, 3
90. A slit of width d is illuminated by white light. The
first minima for red colour light
( )
6500
o
A =
will fall at
0
30 = , when d will be
a) 1.3 m b) 13 m
c) 6.5 m d) 65 m
91. A slit of width d is illuminated by a
monochromatic light of wavelength 5000
o
A of
normal incidence. The value of d when the first
maxima falls at an angle of diffraction of
0
30
a) 15 m b) 1.5 m
c) 3 m d) 30 m
92. In diffraction at a single slit, a screen is placed
2m way from the lens to obtain pattern. If the
slit width is 0.2 mm and the first minima lies 5
mm on either side of central maxima. The
wavelength of light used is
a)
6
5 10 m
b)
7
5 10 m
c)
7
2.5 10 m
d)
6
10 m
93. A slit 4 cm wide is irradiated with microwaves
of wavelength 2 cm. The angular spread of
central maxima, assuming incidence normal to
the plane of slit
a)
0
60 b)
0
45
c)
0
30
d)
0
75
94. Rayleighs criterion is based on
a) diffraction b) polarization
c) reflection d) refraction
95. According to Rayleighs criterion for just
resolved condition the central maxima due to
one source
a) is within the 1
st
minima of the source
b) is beyond the 1
st
minima of the soruce
c) conincides exactly with 1
st
minima of
other source
d) coincides with 2
nd
minima of other source
96. The minimum distance between two objects
when they can be observed separate by an
optical instrument is called
a) limit of resolution
b) resolving of resolution
c) limit of unresolution
d) either a or b
97. Relation between resolving power and limit of
resolution is
a)
Resolving power =
1
limit of resolution
b) Resolving power = limit of resolution
c) Resolving power =
( )
2
limit of resolution
d)
Resolving power =
( )
2
1
limit of resolution
98. Resolving power (R.I.) of microscope is given
by
a)
Resolving power =
1
limit of resolution
b) R. P. =
2 sin
c) both a and b
d) neither a nor b
99. In the above question, resolving power of
microscope is
a)
7
3 10 / m
b)
6
3.333 10 / m
c)
8
3.33 10 / m
d)
7
3.33 10 / m
100. Resolving power of telescope is given by
a) R. P. =
1.22
D
b) R. P. =
1.22
D
c) R.P. = 1.22 D
d) R. P. =
2
1.22
D
Mahesh Tutorials Science
Interference And Diffraction
57
101. The diameter of a telescope objective which can
resolve two stars separated by an angle of
3
10
degree. Assume the wavelength of light is
5000
o
A
a) 2 cm b) 3.5 cm
c) 10 cm d) 0.39 cm
102. The resolving power of a telescope, whose
objective lens has aperture of 1m for the
wavelength of light 500 nm
a)
5
2 10
b)
6
11.2 10
c)
6
1.64 10
d)
6
5 10
103. The aperature of the largest telescope in the
word is about 5m. If the separation between the
Moon and the Earth is
5
4 10 Km and the
wavelength of visible light is 5000
o
A , then the
minimum separation between the objects on the
surface of the Moon which can be just resolved
is approximately equal to
a) 200 m b) 100 m
c) 50 m d) 25 m
104. In an oil immersed objective microscope, oil of
R.I. = 1.4 is used. The wavelength of
illuminating light is 4200
o
A and the
semivertical angle is
0
45 . The resolving powr
of microscope is
a)
6
0.8 10 / m
b)
3
0.3 10 / m
c)
7
0.48 10 / m
d)
9
0.4 10 / m
105. An object illuminated by light of wavelength
6000
o
A is viewed through a microscope. If the
semivertical angle of the cone of light rays
from the point object entering the objective of
the microscope is
0
45 , the limit of resolution of
microscope is
a)
7
4.2 10 / m
b)
7
42 10 / m
c)
6
3 10 m
d)
6
3 10 / m
106. A telescope has an objective of diameter 2m.
The smallest angular separation of two stars
which can be resolved by the telescope when
light of wavelength 5000
o
A falls on it is
a)
7
3.05 10 rad
b)
7
3.05 10 rad
c)
7
6 10 rad
d)
7
6 10 rad