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What is XBee???

XBee is the brand name from Digi International for a family of form factor compatible radio modules

The first XBee radios were introduced under the Max Stream brand in 2005
Were based on the802.15.4-2003 standard designed for point-to-point and star communications at over-the air baud rates of 250 kbit/s

Technological Standard Created for Control and Sensor Networks


Specification of protocols for small, low-power radios

Digi International, Inc


Type Industry Founded Headquarters Employees Public (NASDAQ: DG111) Computer hardware 1985 Minnetonka, MN, USA 600 (World-wide)

Website

www.digi.com

It contains :
Thin API or AT interface application layer to 802.15.4 Powerful feature set includes: 1. Remote configuration 2. Low power end devices 3. IO line set/read capabilities: 8+1 GPIO (1 PWM) 4 A/D inputs 4.Network diagnostics 4 Antenna Options: Whip, Chip, U.FL, RPSMA No RF HW development risk

History

May 2003: IEEE 802.15.4 completed

December 2004: Specification ratified

June 2005: public availability

Comparison Of XBee With Other Technologies

Market Name
Standard Application Focus System Resources Battery Life ( days) Network Size

XBee
802.15.4 Monitoring & Control 4KB-32KB GSM/GPRS CDMA/1xRTT Wide are voice & Data 16MB+

Wi-Fi
802.11b Web, Email,Video 1MB+

Bluetooth
802.15.1 Cable Replacement 250KB+

100-1000+

1-7

.5-5

1-7

Unlimited(2^64)

32

Bandwidth(KB/s)

20-250

64-128+

11,000+

720

Transmission rates (meters) Success Metrics

1-100+

1,000+

1-100

1-10+

Reliability Power, cost

Reach, Quality

Speed, Flexibility

Cost, Convenience

PROS & CONS OF XBEE


Pros
Good extension of existing standards Supported by many companies

Cons
Not many end devices available yet Single point of failure (centralized architecture)

low power consumption low cost easy implemented (Designer concentrates on end application) flexible network structure

Applications
1.For making: Development Kits

Sensors
Transceivers Modules

Wireless Robot using XBee

2. In Environmental Monitoring

3. Agricultural Monitoring

Water Management using XBee- PRO Module

For Liquid storing and monitoring

4. Road map products-tracking 5 .Consumer electronics 6 .PC

7 .Commercial and residential control