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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur

MPET

ECONOMICS

Unit-I Theory of Demand-Axiomatic approach, Demand functions, Consumer behavior under conditions of uncertainty Theory of production Collusive and non-collusive oligopolies Different models of objectives of the firm-Baumol, Morris and Williamson Factor pricing General equilibrium and Welfare Economics Unit-II Keynesian and post-Keynesian approaches to theory of output and employment; Concept of investment multiplier; consumption hypotheses Theories of investment and accelerator Theories of demand for money-Keynesian and post-Keynesian Different approaches to money supply; money supply; components and determinants; Money multiplier Output- price determination (aggregate supply and aggregate demand curve analysis) Fleming-Mundell open economy model

demand curve analysis) Fleming-Mundell open economy model Unit-III Development and Growth-Role of institutions

Unit-III Development and Growth-Role of institutions Theories of growth and development- Models of growth of Joan Robinson and Kaldor; Technical Progress-Hicks, Harrod and learning by doing, production

function approach to the determinants of growth : Endogenous growth : role

of education,

differentials in

Theories of development – Classical, Marx, Schumpeter and structural analysis of development – Imperfect market paradigm, Lewis model of development, Ranis- Fei model, Dependency theory of development Factors in economy development- natural resources, population, capital, Human Resource Development and infrastructure Trade and development- trade as engine of growth, two-gap analysis, Prebisch, Singer and Myrdal views; gains form trade and LDCs

research and knowledge-explanation of cross country economic development and growth.

Unit-IV Theories of taxation, types, incidence and effects Theories of public expenditure-effects on savings, investment and growth Burden of public debt Union Finance-Trends in Revenue and Expenditure of the Government of India State finance-Trends in Revenue and Expenditure of the State Governments

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Public debt- India’s Public debt since 1951- growth composition, ownership pattern and debt managements Union-State Financial Relations- Horizontal and vertical imbalance; the

Finance

Commissions

Fiscal Policy and Fiscal Reforms in India

Unit-V Monetary approach and adjustment in the balance of payments Regional blocs-multilateralism and world trading system The Political Economy of imposition of non-tariff barriers

International trade under conditions of imperfect competition in goods market Theory of International reserves Optimum Currency Areas-Theory and impact in the developed and

developing

countries

WTO and its impact on the different sectors of the economy

Unit-VI Components of money supply Role, constituents and functions of money and capital markets RBI-recent monetary and credit policies Commercial banks and co-operatives banks Specialized financial and investment institutions Non-Bank financial institutions and Regional Rural Banks

Non-Bank financial institutions and Regional Rural Banks Unit-VII Industrial structure and economic growth Pattern

Unit-VII Industrial structure and economic growth Pattern of industrialization-Public and Private; large and small industries Theories of Industrial location-Indian experience Industrial productivity-measurement, partial and total ternds Industrial Finance in India Industrial Labour-Problems, policies and reforms in India Economic Reforms and industrial growth

Unit-VIII Population and Economic development- interrelation between population, development and environment, sustainable development Malthusian theory of population, Optimum theory of population, theory of demographic transition, population as ‘Limits to Growth’ and as ‘Ultimate Source’ Poverty in India – Absolute and relative; analysis of poverty in India Environment as necessity – amenity and public goods; causes of environmental and ecosystem degeneration- policies for controlling pollution – Relation between population, poverty and environmental degradation- Role of State in environmental preservation

Unit-IX

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy-Share of Agriculture, interrelationship between agriculture and industry Institutional aspects – Land reforms, Green revolution Technological aspects – Agricultural inputs and shifts in production function Capital formation in the rural sector- Savings, assets and credits Strategies for rural development Regional disparities in Indian agriculture Cooperative movement in India – Organization, structure and development of different types of cooperatives in India

Unit-X Application of Differential and Integral Calculus in theories of consumer behavior Production and pricing under Prefect competition and simple monopoly Input-output analysis and linear programming Application of Correlation and Regression Testing of Hypothesis in Regression Analysis

and linear programming Application of Correlation and Regression Testing of Hypothesis in Regression Analysis - 3

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

ENGLISH

PAPER II : LINGUISTICS

Section A:

1 Antonym, Synonyms, Homonyms

2 Differences between Phonetics & Phonology

3 Phoneme, allophone

4 Morpheme, allomorph

5 Prefixes, Suffixes, Derivation, inflection.

6 Determiner, modifiers, NP, VP

Section B:

1 Language and Communication

2 Salient features of language

3 Borrowings, Clippings, Acronyms

Language
Language

Section C:

1 Language and Communication

2 Salient features of language

3 Borrowings, Clippings, Acronyms

American Literature

Section A :

1 Walt Whitman: Songs of Myself, Crossing Brooklyn Ferry

2 Robert Frost: After Apple Picking, Road Not Taken, Stopping by Woods on a

Snowy Evening

3 Emily Dickinson: Chariot, I heard a fly buzz when I died, I taste a liquor never brewed.

Fiction

1 Hawthorne : The Scarlet Letter

2 Mark Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

3 Hemmingway: Old Man and the Sea

4 Alice Walker: The Color Purple

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Drama

1. Arthur Miller: All My Sons, Death of a Salesman

2. Edward Albee: Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

3. Tennessee Williams: A Street Car Named Desire

4. Eugene O’Neill ; Emperor Jones

Section B:

1. American Dream

2. Absurd Theatre

3. Expressionist Drama

4. Experimental Drama

5. Modernism

6. Modern Poetry

7. Modern Fiction

8. Puritanism

Section C:

1. American Dream

2. Absurd Theatre

3. Expressionist Drama

4. Experimental Drama

5. Modernism

6. Modern Poetry

7. Modern Fiction

8. Puritanism

Section A:

American
American

British Literature

Poetry

1. Geoffrey Chaucer : The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales

2. William Shakespeare: Remembrance, That Time of Year Thou Mayst in Me Behold, To His Love

3. John Donne: The Good Morrow; A Valediction Forbidding Mourning, At the Round Earth’s Imagined orners.

4. Andrew Marvell: To his coy Mistress, The Definition of Love

5. John Milton: Paradise Lost Book I & II

6. Thomas Gray: Bard; Elegy Written in the Country Churchyard

7. William Collins: Ode to Evening, Ode to Passion

8. William Wordswoth: The Solitary Reaper, Intimations of Immortality, Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey.

9. Shelley: To the Skylark, Ode to West Wind

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

10. John Keats: Ode to Nightingale, Ode to Autumn

11. Alfred Lord Tennyson: Ulysses

12. Robert Browning: My Last Duchess

13. Matthew Arnold: Dover Beach

14. G.M. Hopkins : Pied Beauty

15. T.S. Eliot: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

16. W.B. Yeats: The Second Coming

17. Auden: In Memory of Sigmund Freud

Fiction

1. Henry Fielding: Joseph Andrews

2. Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice; Emma

3. Charles Dickens: Great Expectations

4. Thomas Hardy: The Mayor of Casterbridge

5. E.M. Forster: A Passage to India

6. James Joyce: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

7. D.H. Lawrence : The Rainbow

8. George Orwell : Animal Farm

Prose
Prose

Drama

1. Shakespeare: King Lear, As you Like it, Hamlet.

2. Marlowe : Dr Faustus

3. Ben Johnson: Volpone

4. Congreve: The Way of the World

5. Ibsen : A Doll’s House

6. Bernard Shaw: Pygmalion

7. S. Beckett: Waiting for Godot

1. Francis Bacon : “On Learning”, “On Friendship”

2. Joseph Addison: “Meditations on West minister Abbey”.

3. Robert Lynd: “On Forgetting”, “The New Cat”.

4. J.B. Priestley: “On Travel by Train”.

5. A.S. Hornby : A Dialogue on Democracy

Section B:

1. Dramatic Monologue

2. Elegy

3. Sonnet

4. Ode

5. Lyrics

6. Elizabethan Poetry

7. Romanticism

8. Neo Augustan

9. Shakespearean Comedy

10. Irony

11. Comedy of Manners

12. Stream of Consciousness

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

13. Supernaturalism in Shakespearean Drama

Section C:

1. Characteristics of Shakespearean Tragedy

2. Jacobean Drama

3. Restoration Drama

4. Modern Fiction

5. Victorian Novel

6. Modern Poetry

7. Victorian Poetry

8. 18 th Century as Age of Prose.

Section A:

Indian English Literature

Poetry

Fiction
Fiction

1. Toru Dutt: Lotus, Baugmaree Garden

2. Sarojini Naidu: Palanquin Bearers, Soul’s Prayer

3. Nissim Ezekiel: Enterprise, Night of the Scorpion

4. Kamla Das: An Introduction, In Love

5. A.K. Ramanujan: The Striders, The Gnomes

1. Mulk Raj Anand: The Untouchable, The Coolie

2. R.K. Narayan: The Vendor of Sweets, Guide

3. Anita Desai: Fire on the Mountain

Drama

1. Girish Karnad: Tughlaq

2. Mahesh Dattani : The Final Solutions

Prose

1. Ram Mohan Roy: Letter to Lord Amherst

2. Nehru: On Philosophy of Life

3. B.R. Ambedkar: Castes in India.

Section B:

1. Nature Poetry

2. Confessional Poetry

3. Social Realism in Indian English Novel

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

4. Psychological Novel in Indian English Literature

5. Characterization in Indian English Fiction

6. Humanism in Rabindranath Tagore’s Poems

7. Symbolism and Allegory in Indian English Drama

Section C:

1. Nature Poetry

2. Confessional Poetry

3. Social Realism in Indian English Novel

4. Psychological Novel in Indian English Literature

5. Characterization in Indian English Fiction

6. Humanism in Rabindranath Tagore’s Poems

7. Symbolism and Allegory in Indian English Drama

Post-Colonial & Criticism

Section A:

Criticism Post – Colonial
Criticism
Post – Colonial

1. Aristotle (Theory of Poetry)

2. Wordsworth (Preface to Lyrical Ballads)

3. T.S. Eliot (Tradition and Individual Talent)

4. I.A. Richards (Two Uses of Language)

5. Feminism

6. Marxism

1. Chinua Achebe : Things Fall Apart

2. V.S. Naipaul: A House for Mr. Biswas

3. Patrick White: The Tree of Man

4. Margaret Atwood: “If You Can’t Say Something Nice: Don’t Say Anything At All”. (Essay)

5. Bapsi Sidhwa: Ice Candy Man

6. Judith Wright: Poems, “From Australia”, “To a Child”.

Section B:

1. Aristotle ( Catharsis, Imitation Theory )

2. Wordsworth (Poetic Diction)

3. Eliot (Impersonal Theory; Tradition and Individual Talent)

4. I.A. Richards ( Emotive and Scientific Language)

5. Feminism

6. Brief Essay on New Criticism

7. Brief Essay on Marxism

8. Major features of Post Colonial Literature

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Section C:

1. Aristotle ( Catharsis, Imitation Theory )

2. Wordsworth (Poetic Diction)

3. Eliot (Impersonal Theory; Tradition and Individual Talent)

4. I.A. Richards ( Emotive and Scientific Language)

5. Feminism

6. Brief Essay on New Criticism

7. Brief Essay on Marxism

8. Major features of Post Colonial Literature

RECOMMENDED READINGS

Linguistics

1. A Text book of English Phonology for Indian Students by S. Balasubramaniam Macmillan, Delhi.

2. A Course in Modern Linguistics by C.F. Hackett

Delhi. 2. A Course in Modern Linguistics by C.F. Hackett 3. Longman Dictionary of Linguistics by

3. Longman Dictionary of Linguistics by Platt, Greenbaum, et al. Longmans, London.

4. Origin and Development of English Language by Otto Jespersen

5. Our Language by Simeon Potter, Penguin, London.

6. Elements of General Linguistics by Andre Martinet Faber & Faber, London

RECOMMENDED READINGS

Poetry

1. Poetry: The Basics by Jeffrey Wainwright Rutledge, Toyor & Francs Group

2. The Romantic Imagination by C.M. Bowra

3. Shakespeare The Sonnets Ed. By Peter Jones, Casebook series, Macmillan

4. The Cambridge Introduction to Victorian Poetry by Linda K. Hughes.

5. The Poetry by Elizabeth Drew, Dell Books, New York

6. Modern Writer and His World by G.S. Frazer, Penguin, 1966

7. Metaphysical Poetry by Helen Gardner.

8. Pelican Guide to English Literature, Volumes II, III, IV,V,VI,Gen. Ed. Boris Ford, Penguin Books.

9. Paradise Lost: The Epic by L.C. Knights, Cambridge University Press, 1977

10. Donne: Songs and Sonnets Ed. By Julian Lovelock, Casebook Series (Gen. Ed. A.E. Dyson), Macmillan, London.

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

RECOMMENDED READINGS

Novel

1. The English Novel by Ian Watt, Penguin Books

2. Jane Austin’s Novels by Andrew Hill, Pelican Edition, 1967

3. Eighteenth Century Novel by Jesse Moles Worth, Cambridge University Press,

2009

4. Charles Dickens by F.R. Leavis and Q.D. Leavis, Penguin Books.

5. English Novel by Terry Eagleton, Macmillion.

6. Waiting for Godot Character Studies by Pant Lawtey, The Continuum International Pub. Group, London, 2009

7. The Great Tradition by F.R. Leavis Pelican Books.

8. The Novel by Elizabeth Drew, Dell Books, New York

9. Aspects of the Novel by E.M. Forster, Penguin, Lodnon

10. Structure of the Novel by Edwin Muir.

11. Introduction to English Novel by Arnold Kettle.

Muir. 11. Introduction to English Novel by Arnold Kettle. RECOMMENDED READINGS Drama 1. Society and Drama

RECOMMENDED READINGS

Drama

1. Society and Drama in the Age of Ben Jonson by L.C. Knights, Pelican Books, London.

2. Understanding Drama by George Watson, Arnold Heinemann, London.

3. Exploring Shakespeare by S. Viswanathan, Orient Black swan, New Delhi

4. Infirm Glory by S. Chandhury, Orient Black swan, New Delhi, 2010

5. Age of Shakespeare Vol. II of Pelican Guide to English Literature, Gen. ed. Boris Ford, Penguin Books.

6. Jacobean Drama by Una Ell Fermor

7. Modern Writer and His World by G.S. Fraser, Penguin, 1968.

8. The Anatomy of Drama by Marjorie Boulton, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 2005

RECOMMENDED READINGS

Criticism

1. Literary Criticism by Gary Day, Orient Black Swan, New Delhi, 2010

2. A Short History of Literary Criticism by Cleanth Brooks, Motilal Banarasidas, Delhi

3. Literary Critics by E. Coombes, Penguin, London, 1968.

4. Twentieth Century Literary Criticism by Bijoy Kumar Das, Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi, 2005

5. A Handbook of Literary Terms by M.H. Abrams, Macmillan, New Delhi, 1990

6. A Glossary of Literary Terms by T. Lemmon, Longrams, New York, 1974

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

GEOGRAPHY

Unit-A

Meaning, objectives, types, significance and ethic of research, Problems of geographical research, identification of problematic areas, Sources and natures of data to be used, Preparation of questioner. Basic techniques of collecting primary data through interviews, Hypothesis and Preparation of research projects and writing of reports. Preparation of field reports, How to write Ph.D. thesis. Spatial data classification and sampling problems. Need for sampling, types of sampling, sample size and sampling area. Selected techniques of spatial analysis, methods of measuring concentration and dispersal of economic activities. Nearest Neighbour analysis, Regional interaction analysis. gravity potential, inter-regional flow-analysis, Methods of delimiting regions economic industrial regions, planning regions, agricultural regions. Regional population analysis, population projection, population migration projection; Network analysis, Techniques of urban analysis with reference to land use. population and hinterland relationship delimiting sphere of city influence. Determining of core and marginal areas. Techniques of Map Analysis, Morphometric analysis, Drainage basin analysis, Slope analysis analysis of biogeochemical cycles, Integrated Area Development planning. Fundamentals of Computers:- Operating Systems, use of software(MS office/Auto CAD),Internet uses.

Unit-B
Unit-B

Historical perspective of relevant field of research/reviews of the subjects

Consultations of Concerned Literature:- Book/Journals and Blue Literature

Preparation of Manuscripts style manual/ editing/ online submission of ms/central

article tracking system(CATS) abstract/summary; introduction: Material &

Methods; Results and Discussions, Citations/ References; editing & track

Change, Scientific conduct/ ethics and Impact factors, Social relevance of

research.

Unit-C

Concept of Ideology, Evaluation of Geographical ideas, Geography in ancient period, contribution of Greeks, Arab Geographers: Dark age in Geography, Renaissance in Geography Geography in Medieval period. Discoveries in the world. Geography in Modern period, contribution of Kant, Humboldt, Ritter and Ratzel; Schools of Geographical thought; German, French, Russian, British, American and Indians. Concept of Dichotomies in Geography, Industrial Revolution, Concept of landscape, land use analysis. Growth of population and resources distribution as well as Technology innovation and political hegemony. During Colonial Period, Changing patterns of land use,

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

resource base and socio-economic conditions according to prevailing objective situation- local to global. Communication Revolution, Organization of space in globaliazed world, Concept of post modern era, Recent trends in Geographical research, concept of Social well being:- special reference to third world countries with reference to developmental disparities.

Unit-D

Nature and scope of Geomorphology, Fundamental concepts-Geological structures and landforms, uniformitarianism, multi-cyclic and polygenetic evolution of landscapes, concept of threshold, Environmental change-climatic change and geochronological methods-documentary evidence,artifacts,majorhorizons,dendrochronology,pollen,thermoluminescence . Earth movements-epeirogenic, orogenic and earth movements. Forces of crustal instability, isostasy, plate tetonics, seismicity, vulcanicity, orogenic structures with reference to the evolution of Himalaya. Orogenic Processes: Concept of gradation, Agents and processes of gradation, causes, types and classification of weathering, mass movement erosional, and depositional processes and resultant landforms and soil formation, slope evolution, down wearing, parallel retreat and slope replacement models. Geomorphic processes, dynamics of fluvial, glacial, Aeolian, marine, and karst processes and resulting landforms complexities in geomorphological processes, Erosion surfaces-techniques of identification and correlation, Nature and scope of climatology and its relationship with meteorology. Composition, mass and structure of the atmosphere. Isolation heat balance of the earth, green house effect; vertical and horizontal distribution of temperature. Atmospheric motion: Forces controlling motion of air vertical motion and vorticity, local winds, jet stream, general circulation in the atmosphere; Atmospheric moisture:Humidity,evaporation,condensation,precipitation:formation. types, acid rain, world pattern of precipitation. Tropical, temperate and high latitude weather systems-concept of air mass and atmospheric disturbances,. ocean atmospheric interaction-EL Nino, southern oscillation (ENSO)and La Nina, Monsoon winds, norwesters, and cyclones Tropical Temperatic phenomena climate of India and its controls: Western disturbances Climatic Classification of Koppen, and Thornthwaite. Major climates of the world-tropical.

and Thornthwaite. Major climates of the world-tropical. Unit-E Model in agricultural land use concept, need and

Unit-E

Model in agricultural land use concept, need and principles, Von Thuinen's agricultural location theory. Preparation, planning and monitoring of a detailed Performa for land use surveys. Food storage technology, Green revolution in India. Live-stock combination, Diary development, Agro forestry importance, status and scope in India. Agricultural statistics and their mapping. Measurements of the levels of agricultural development-Concept and methodology. Agricultural regionalization-Concept, methods of delimitation.

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Historical development of remote sensing as a technology-Relevance of remote sensing in Geography-Concepts and basics: Energy source, energy and radiation principles, energy interactions in the atmosphere and earth surface features, remote sensing systems: platforms, sensors and radiation records. Tools and Techniques, Cartography, Digital Mapping. Means/Mode/Median, GIS, GPS, Air photos and photogrammetry: Elements of photographic system:

types, scales and ground coverage, resolution, radiometric characteristics, films, filters, aerial cameras, film exposures, geometric fundamentals of pohto grammetry: elements of vertical photographs, relief displacement, image, parallax, stereoscopic, orthophotos, airphoto interpretation: shape, size, pattern, tone, texture, shadows, site

parallax, stereoscopic, orthophotos, airphoto interpretation: shape, size, pattern, tone, texture, shadows, site - 13 -

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

HINDI

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fgUnh lkfgR; ds izeq[k bfrgkl xzUFk] fgUnh ds izeq[k lkfgfR;d dsUnz] laLFkk,¡ ,oa i=&if=dk,¡] fgUnh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl dk dky&foHkktu vkSj ukedj.k A

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

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fgUnh dgkuh % chloha lnh dh fgUnh dgkuh vkSj izeq[k dgkuh vkUnksyuA

fgUnh ukVd % fgUnh

ukV~;d`fr;k¡ % vaa/ksj uxjh] pUnzxqIr ] va/kk;qx] vk/ks&v/kwjs] vkBoka lxZ] fgUnh ,dkadhA

ukVd vkSj jaxeap] fodkl ds pj.k vkSj izeq[k

4444

fgUnh fucU/k % fgUnh fucU/k ds izdkj vkSj izeq[k fucU/kdkj & jkepUnz 'kqDy] gtkjhizlkn f}osnh] dqcsjukFk jk;] fo|kfuokl feJ] gfj'kadj ijlkbZA

f}osnh] dqcsjukFk jk;] fo|kfuokl feJ] gfj'kadj ijlkbZA fgUnh vkykspuk % fgUnh vkykspuk dk fodkl vkSj izeq[k

fgUnh vkykspuk % fgUnh vkykspuk dk fodkl vkSj izeq[k vkykspd % jkepUnz 'kqDy] uUnnqykjs oktis;h] gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ] jkefoykl 'kekZ] MkW0 uxsUnz] MkW0 ukeoj flag] fot;nso ukjk;.k lkghA

fgUnh dh vU; x| fo/kk,¡ % js[kkfp=] laLej.k] ;k=k&lkfgR;] vkRedFkk] thouh vkSj fjiksrkZt+A

dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL= vkvkvkvkSjSjSjSj vkykvkykvkykvkykspukspukspukspuk

Hkjr eqfu dk jl lw= vkSj mlds izeq[k O;k[;kdkjA jl ds vo;o A lk/kkj.khdj.k A 'kCn 'kfä;k¡ vkSj /ofu dk Lo:iA

vyadkj & ;ed] 'ys"k] odzksfä] miek] :id] mRizs{kk] lansg] HkzkfUreku] vfr'k;ksfä vU;ksfDr leklksfä] vR;qfä] fo'ks"kksfä] –"VkUr] mnkgj.k] izfroLrwiek] fun'kZuk] vFkkZUrjU;kl] foHkkouk] vlaxfr rFkk fojks/kkHkklA

jhfr] xq.k] nks"k A

feFkd] QUrklh] dYiuk] izrhd vkSj fcEcA

- 16 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET LoPNUnrkaokn vkSj ;FkkFkZokn] lajpukokn] mÙkj lajpukokn] vk/kqfudrk] mÙkj vk/kqfudrkA

ledkyhu vkykspuk dh dfri; vo/kkj.kk,¡ % foMEcuk ¼vk;juh½] vtuchiu ,fy;us'ku½] folaxfr ¼,ClMZ½] vUrfoZjks/k ¼iSjkMkWDl½] fo[k.Mu ¼MhDuLVªD'ku½

HkkxHkkxHkkxHkkx f}rh;f}rh;f}rh;f}rh;

[k.M[k.M[k.M[k.M ¼d½¼d½¼d½¼d½

vkfndky % fl)] tSu] ukFk lkfgR;] jklksdkO;A

HkfDrdky % HkfDr&dkO; dk Lo:i] Hksn] fuxqZ.k&lxq.k dk lEcU/k] lkE; vkSj oS"kE;A

dchj %

tk;lh % lkaLd`frd n`f"V] yksdrRo] izse&Hkkouk] :id rRo] dFkkud :f<+] dkO;n`f"VA lwjnkl % HkfDrHkkouk] Ük`axkj o.kZu] okRlY; o.kZu] Hkzejxhr&vUroZLrq vkSj fonX/krk] yksdrRoA

okRlY; o.kZu] Hkzejxhr&vUroZLrq vkSj fonX/krk] yksdrRoA HkfDr&Hkkouk] jgL;okn] lekt&n'kZu] dkO;dykA

HkfDr&Hkkouk] jgL;okn] lekt&n'kZu] dkO;dykA

rqylhnkl% HkfDr&Hkkouk] n'kZu] lkekftd&lkaLd`frd n`f"V] yksdeaxy] ;qxcks/k] dkO;n`f"VA ehjk % HkfDr] fonzksg Hkkouk] xhfrrRoA jhfrdky % njckjh laLd`fr] izeq[k izo`fŸk;k¡] fofo/k dkO; /kkjk,¡A ds'ko % vkpk;ZRo] dkO; n`f"V] laokn&;kstuk] Nan;ktukAs

fcgkjh %

?kukuUn % LoPNUn ekxZ] lkSUn;Z n`f"V] izseO;atuk] dkO; n`f"VA Hkw"k.k % jk"Vªh; psruk vkSj ;qxcks/k] ohjjl O;atuk] dkO; dyk] uhfrdkO; ijEijk ,oa izeq[k dfo & jghe] o`Un] fxfj/kj dfojk;

lkSUn;Z&Hkkouk] cgqKrk] dkO;dykA

- 17 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

[k.M[k.M[k.M[k.M ¼[k½¼[k½¼[k½¼[k½

vk/kqfudvk/kqfudvk/kqfudvk/kqfud dkO;dkO;dkO;dkO;

vk/kqfudrk % vo/kkj.kk vkSj mlds mn; dh i`"BHkwfe] fgUnh iqutkZxj.k vkSj HkkjrsUnqA egkohjizlkn f}osnh % uotkxj.k] dkO; Hkk"kk ds :i esa [kM+h cksyh dh izfr"Bk] gfjvkS/k] eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIrA Nk;kokn % LoPNUnrkokn vkSj Nk;kokn] lkekftd & lkaLd`frd n`f"V] Lok/khurk dh psruk] xk¡/kh dk izHkko] vUr/kkZjk,¡] jk"Vªh; dkO; /kkjkA izlkn % thou&n'kZu] lkaLd`frd n`f’V] lkSUn;Z psruk] dkek;uh dk vk/kqfud lUnHkZA iUr % dYiuk'khyrk] izd`frfp=.k] dkO; ;k=k] dkO; Hkk"kkA fujkyk % lkekftd&lkaLd`frd n`f"V] izxfr psruk] eqDr Nan] fujkyk ds iz;ksx ds fofo/k vk;keA egknsoh % jgL;kuqHkwfr] osnuk rRo] izxhfr] izrhd ,oa fcEc oSpkfjd i`"BHkwfe] ekDlZokn] euksfo'ys"k.kokn] vfLrRooknA izxfrokn % lkekftd n`f"V] ukxktqZu&;FkkFkZ psruk vkSj yksdn`f"VA dsnkjukFk vxzoky & izd`fr fp=.k vksj lkSUn;Z cks/k] 'ke'ksj&dkO;kuqHkwfr vkSj lkSUn;Z n`f"VA iz;ksxokn % O;f"V psruk] vKs; &iz;ksx /kfeZrk vkSj dkO;Hkk"kk A u;h dfork % O;f"V lef"V cks/k] eqfDrcks/k&lektcks/k] QSaVslhA ledkyhu dfork % dky lalfDr vkSj yksd lalfDr] j?kqohj lgk; & jktuhfrd psruk] dkO; Hkk"kk] dq¡oj ukjk;.k & feFkdh; psruk] dkO; n`f"VA

[k.M[k.M[k.M[k.M ¼x½¼x½¼x½¼x½

x|x|x|x| lkfgR;lkfgR;lkfgR;lkfgR;

¼x½¼x½¼x½¼x½ x|x|x|x| lkfgR;lkfgR;lkfgR;lkfgR; e/;oxZ dk mn; vkSj miU;kl] miU;kl vkSj ;FkkFkZA izsepUn iwoZ

e/;oxZ dk mn; vkSj miU;kl] miU;kl vkSj ;FkkFkZA izsepUn iwoZ fgUnh miU;kl % ijh{kk xq#] pUnzdkUrk & oLrq vkSj f'kYiA izsepUn ;qxhu miU;kl % xksnku & eq[; ik=] ;FkkFkZ vkSj vkn'kZA xksnku vkSj Hkkjrh; fdlku] egkdkO;kRedrk] oLrq&f'kYi oSf'k"V~;A izsepUnksÙkj miU;kl % 'ks[kj ,d thouh & euksoSKkfud vk;ke] oLrq f'kYixr oSf'k"V~;] eSyk vk¡py & oLrqf'kYi] vkapfydrk] ck.kHkV~V dh vkRedFkk & bfrgkl vkSj laLd`fr psruk] fuiqf.kdk vkSj ukjh eqfDr dh vkdka{kk] Hkk"kk&f'kYi oSf'k"V~;A dgkuh vkSj izeq[k dgkuhdkj % izsepUn vkSj izlkn dh dgkuh dykA

- 18 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET izsepUnksÙkj dgkuh & u;h dgkuh] lkBksÙkjh dgkuh] ledkyhu dgkuh&laosnuk vkSj f'kYi] dFkk lkfgR; esa L=h foe'kZ] nfyr foe'kZA fgUnh ukVd vkSj HkkjrsUnq % Hkkjr nqnZ'kk] va/ksj uxjh] ;FkkFkZ cks/kA izlkn ds ukVd % pUnz xqIr] /zkqoLokfeuh] jk"Vªh; vkSj lkaLd`frd psruk] ukV~; f'kYiA izlknksÙkj ukVd % va/kk ;qx] vk/ks&v/kwjs & vk/kqfudrk cks/k] iz;ksx/kfeZrk vkSj ukV~;Hkk"kkA fucU/k vkSj izeq[k fucU/kdkj % ckyd`".k HkV~V] jkepUnz 'kqDy&fpUrkef.k] vUroZLrq vkSj f'kYiA 'kqDyksÙkj fucU/k vkSj fucU/kdkj % gtkjhizlkn f}osnh] dqcsjukFk jk;] fo|kfuokl

feJ] laLd`fr cks/k] yksd&laLd`frA [k.M[k.M[k.M[k.M ¼?k½¼?k½¼?k½¼?k½ dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL=dkO;'kkL= vkvkvkvkSjSjSjSj vkykvkykvkykvkykspukspukspukspuk

vkvkvkvkSjSjSjSj vkykvkykvkykvkykspukspukspukspuk dkO;y{k.k] dkO;gsrq] dkO;iz;kstu] dkO;HksnA izeq[k fl}kUr

dkO;y{k.k] dkO;gsrq] dkO;iz;kstu] dkO;HksnA izeq[k fl}kUr & jl] vyadkj] jhfr] /ofu] odzksfDr vkSj vkSfpR;A jl fu"ifÙk] lk/kkj.khdj.k] lân; dh vo/kkj.kkA fgUnh dkO; 'kkL= dk bfrgklA vk/kqfud fgUnh vkykspuk dh izeq[k izo`fŸk;k¡ & 'kkL=h;] O;fDroknh] ,sfrgkfld] rqyukRed] izHkkooknh]euksfo'ys"k.koknh lkSUn;Z'kkL=h;] 'kSyh oSKkfud] lekt 'kkL=h;A

IysVks vkSj vjLrw dk vuqdj.k fl)kUr rFkk vjLrw dk fojspu fl)kUrA yksatkbul % dkO; esa mnkÙk rRoA Øksps dk vfHkO;atukoknA oMZ~loFkZ dk dkO;Hkk"kk fl}kUrA dkWyfjt dh dYiuk vkSj QSaVslhA vkbZ0,0 fjpMZ~l & lEizs"k.k fl)kUrA Vh0,l0 bfy,V & fuoSZ;fDrdrk dk fl)kUrA lajpukokn] mÙkjlajpukokn] vk/kqfudrk] mÙkjvk/kqfudrk] fo[k.MuoknA

- 19 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

[k.M[k.M[k.M[k.M ¼M0½¼M0½¼M0½¼M0½ O;k[;kO;k[;kO;k[;kO;k[;k gsrqgsrqgsrqgsrq fu/kkZfjrfu/kkZfjrfu/kkZfjrfu/kkZfjr ikBikBikBikB~;i~;i~;i~;iqLrdqLrdqLrdqLrdsasasasa rFkkrFkkrFkkrFkk ikBikBikBikB~;k~;k~;k~;ka'ka'ka'ka'k &&&&

dchj &

gtkjhizlkn f}osnh &nksgk&in la[;k 160&209A

tk;lh &

in~ekor& la0 oklqnso'kj.k vxzoky&ukxerh fo;ksx [k.M A

lwjnkl &

Hkzejxhr lkj&la0 jkepUnz 'kqDy NUn la[;k 21&70A

rqylhnkl & mÙkjdk.M] jkepfjr ekul & xhrkizsl] xksj[kiqjA

izlkn &

fujkyk &

vKs; &

eqfDrcks/k &

izsepUn &

vKs; &

izlkn &

eksgu jkds'k & vk/ks & v/kwjsA

dkek;uh & J)k] bM++k lxZA jke dh 'kfDriwtk] dqdqjeqÙkkA vlk/;oh.kk] unh ds }hiA v¡/ksjs esa A xksnku A 'ks[kj ,d thouh] Hkkx 1 & 1 pUnzxqIr A

dqdqjeqÙkkA vlk/;oh.kk] unh ds }hiA v¡/ksjs esa A xksnku A 'ks[kj ,d thouh] Hkkx 1 &

- 20 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

HISTORY

1. ANCIENT INDIAN HISTORY

Sources :

Archaeological Sources

Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments

Literary Sources

Indigenous : Primary and Secondary – problems of dating, myths, legends, poetry, scientific literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature.

Foreign accounts : Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.

Pre-history and Proto-history Man and Environment – geographical factors. Hunting and gathering (Paleolithic and Mesolithic) : Beginning of agriculture (Neolithic and Chalcolithic).

: Beginning of agriculture (Neolithic and Chalcolithic). Indus Valley Civilization – origin, date, extent,

Indus Valley Civilization – origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance.

Iron age : Second urbanization.

Vedic Period Migrations and settlements : dating the Vedic, literary and archaeological evidences, evolution of social and political institutions : religious and philosophical ideas, rituals and practices.

Period of Mahajanapadas Formation of States (Mahajanapadas) : Republics and Monarchies; rise of urban centres; trade routes; economics growth; introduction of coinage; spread of Jainism and Buddhism; rise of Magadha and Nandas.

Iranian and Macedonian Invasions and their impact.

Mauryan Empire Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Brahmi and Kharosthi scripts.

Administration;

economy;

architecture and sculpture;

external

contacts.

Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.

Post-Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas)

- 21 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art and architecture, literature and science.

Early state and society – in Eastern India, Deccan and South India Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age, Administration; economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres, Buddhist centres, Sangam literature and culture; art and architecture.

Imperial Guptas and Regional State of India Guptas and Vakatakas, Harsha, Administration, economic conditions, coinage of the Guptas, land grants, decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, caste system, position of women, education and educational institutions – Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, contact with neighbouring countries – Central Asia, South- East Asia and China, Sanskrit literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.

The Kadambas, Gangas, Pallavas and Chalukyas of Badami – Administration, trade guilds, Sanskrit literature and growth of regional languages and scripts; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti Movement, Shankaracharya – Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture.

– Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture. Varmanas of Kamrup : Palas and Senas, Rashtrakutas,

Varmanas of Kamrup : Palas and Senas, Rashtrakutas, Pratiharas, Kalachuri-Chedis; Paramaras; Chalukyas of Gujarat; Arab contacts – Ghaznavi Conquest, Alberuni.

The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Cheras, Hoysalas, Pandyas – Administration and local Government, growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society, contact with Sri Lanka and South East Asia.

2. MEDIEVAL INDIAN HISTORY

Sources

materials

monuments. Chronicles.

Literary sources – Persian, Sanskrit and Regional languages.

Archival materials.

Foreign travellers’ accounts.

Archaeological,

epigraphic

and

numismatic

and

Political Developments The Sultanate – the Ghorids, the Turks, the Khaljis, the Tughlaqs, the Sayyids and the Lodis.

- 22 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Foundation of the Mughal Empire – Babur, Humayun and the Suris; expansion from Akbar to Aurangzeb.

Decline

of

the

Mughal

empire

political,

administrative

and

economic causes.

 

Later Mughals and disintegration of the Mughal empire.

 

The

Vijayanagara

and

the

Bahmanis

rise,

expansion

and

disintegration.

The Maratha movement, the foundation of Swaraj by Shivaji; its expansion under the Peshwas; Maratha Confederacy – causes of decline.

Administration Administration under the Sultanate – civil, judicial, revenue, fiscal and military.

Sher Shah’s administrative reforms; Mughal administration – land revenue and other sources of income; Mansabdari and Jagirdari.

Administrative system in the Deccan – the Vijayanagara, the Bahmanis and the Marathas.

Deccan – the Vijayanagara, the Bahmanis and the Marathas. Economic Aspects Agricultural production – village

Economic Aspects Agricultural production – village economy; peasantry.

Urban centres and population.

Industries – cotton textiles, handicrafts, agro-based industries, organization, factories, technology.

Trade and commerce – State policies, internal and external trade; European trade, trade centres and ports, transport and communication.

Financing trade, commerce and industries; Hundi (Bill of Exchange) and Insurance.

Currency.

Socio-religious Movements The Sufis – their orders, beliefs and practices, the leading Sufi saints.

Bhakti cult – Shaivism and its branches; Vaishnavism and its branches.

The Saints of the medieval period – north and south – their impact on socio-political and religious life.

The Sikh movement – Guru Nanak Dev and his teachings and practices, Adi Granth; the Khalsa.

- 23 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Society Classification – ruling class, major religious groups, the mercantile and professional classes.

Rural society – petty chieftains, village officials, cultivators and non- cultivating classes, artisans.

Position of women.

Cultural Life System of Educational and its motivations.

Literature – Persian, Sanskrit and Regional languages.

Fine Arts – Major schools of painting; music.

Architectural developments of North and South India; Indo-Islamic architecture.

3. MODERN INDIAN HISTORY

Sources and Historiography :

3. MODERN INDIAN HISTORY Sources and Historiography : Archival materials, biographies and memories, newspapers.

Archival materials, biographies and memories, newspapers.

Oral evidence, creative literature and painting.

Concerns in Modern Indian Historiography – Imperialist, Nationalist, Marxist and Subaltern.

Rise of British Power European traders in India in the 17th and 18th centuries – Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British.

The establishment and expansion of British dominion in India.

British relations with and subjugation of the principal Indian Powers – Bengal, Oudh, Hyderabad, Mysore, Marathas and the Sikhs.

Administration of the Company and Crown Evolution of central and provincial structure under the east India Company, 1773 – 1853.

Paramountcy, Civil Service, Judiciary, Police and the Army under the Company and Crown.

Local Self-Government.

Constitutional changes, 1909 – 1935.

Economic History Changing composition, volume and direction of trade; ‘The Tribute’.

Expansion and commercialization of agriculture, land rights, land settlements, rural indebtedness, landless labour.

- 24 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Decline of industries – changing socio-economic conditions of artisans; De-urbanisation.

British Industrial Policy; major modern industries; nature of factory legislation; labour and trade union movements.

Monetary policy, banking, currency and exchange, Railways and Road Transport.

Growth of new urban centres; new features of town planning and architecture.

Famines, and epidemics and the government policy.

Economic Thought – English utilitarians; Indian economic historians; the Drain theory.

Indian Society in Transition Contact with Christianity – the Missions; critique of Indian social and economic practices and religious beliefs; educational and other activities.

The New Education – Government policy; levels and contents; English language; modern science; Indian initiatives in education.

language; modern science; Indian initiatives in education. Raja Rammohan Roy; socio-religious reforms; emergence of

Raja Rammohan Roy; socio-religious reforms; emergence of middle class; caste associations and caste mobility.

Women’s Question – Nationalist Discourse; Women’s Organisations; British legislation concerning women; Constitutional position.

The Printing Press – journalistic activity and the public opnion.

Modernisation of Indian Languages and literary forms – reorientation in painting, music and performing arts.

National Movement

Rise

nationalism.

Revolt of 1857 and different social classes.

Tribal and peasant movements.

Ideologies and programmes of the Indian National Congress, 1885-

1920.

Trends in Swadeshi movement.

Ideologies and programmes of Indian revolutionaries in India and abroad.

Gandhian Mass Movements.

Ideology and programme of the Justice Party.

Left Wing Politics.

of

of

Indian

nationalism,

social

and

economic

bases

- 25 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Movement of the Depressed classes.

Communal politics and genesis of Pakistan.

Towards Independence and Partition.

India after Independence (1947-1964) Rehabilitation after Partition.

Integration of the Indian States; The Kashmir Question.

The making of the Indian Constitution.

The structure of Bureaucracy and the Policy.

The demographic trends.

Economic policies and the planning process.

Linguistic reorganization of States.

Foreign policy initiatives.

4. WORLD HISTORY

of States. Foreign policy initiatives. 4. WORLD HISTORY Concepts, Ideas and Terms Renaissance, Reformation

Concepts, Ideas and Terms Renaissance, Reformation

Enlightenment, Rights of Man

Apartheid

Imperialism

Socialism

Nazism

Parliamentary Democracy

Commonwealth

Efforts at World Peace, Cold War

Post-modernism

5. RESEARCH IN HISTORY

Scope and Importance of History

Objectivity and Bias in History

Causation in History

History and its auxiliary sciences

Significance of Regional History

Recent trends of Indian History

Research Methodology

- 26 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Area of Proposed Research Sources – Primary / Secondary in the Proposed area of Research. Recent Historical writings in the Proposed area of Research.

Primary / Secondary in the Proposed area of Research. Recent Historical writings in the Proposed area

- 27 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

PHILOSOPHY

Unit-1.

Indian Philosophy :

Veda,

Essential concepts of (i) Rita, Yajna, Rina. (ii) Atman and Brahman.

Upanishad and

Geeta:

Charvaka:

Pratyaksha as the only means of Valid Knowledge; Critique of

Jainism:

anumana (inference) and Shabda (verbal-testimony) Concepts of Dravya and Tattva, Anekantavada, Syadvada, Theory

Buddhism:

of Knowledge Madhyam Pratipad: Pratityasamutpada (Doctrine of Dependent Origination); Four Noble truths, Ashtangamarga, Kshanbhangavada, Anatmavada.

Unit-2.

Unit-3.

Unit-4.

Nyaya: Prama & Aprama, Pramana: Pratyaksha and its Classification, Anumana, Shabda, Upamana, Arguments for the Existence of God. Vaisheshika: Classification of Padartha: Dravya, Guna, Karma, Samanya, Vishesha, Samavaya, Abhava, Asatkaryavada. Samkhya: Prakriti and its Vikara (evolutes); Arguments for the existence of Prakriti, Nature of Purusha; Arguments for the existence and plurality of Purusha, Satkaryavada. Yoga: Patanjali's Concept of Chitta and Chitta-Vritti. Eightfold Means of Yoga. Mimansa: Classification of Shrutivakya, Pramanyavada, Anvitabhidhanvada, Abhihitanwayanvada, Khyativada. Vedanta: Shankara : Brahman, Jiva; and Moksha, Vivartavada; Mayavada, Three grades of Satta. Ramanuja : Criticism of Mayavada, Ishwara and Mokasha, Parinamavada.

: Criticism of Mayavada, Ishwara and Mokasha, Parinamavada. Contemporary Indian Philosophy : Vivekananda: Universal

Contemporary Indian Philosophy :

Vivekananda:

Universal religion; Nature of God; Nature of man; Ways of realisation: Jnana-Yoga, Bhakti-Yoga, Karma Yoga and Raja Yoga. Nature of Creation: The World Process – Involution and Evolution; Mind and Supermind: the triple status of Supermind and the triple transformation; Integral Yoga. God & Truth, Non-violence, Satyagraha: Ideal State and Sarvodaya. Absolute & God, Nature of man, Insight.

Aurobindo:

Gandhi:

Radhakrishnan:

Western Philosophy

Socrate:

Socratic Method.

Plato:

Theory of Ideas, Knowledge and Opinion.

Aristotle:

Theory of Substance. Matter & Form (Potentiality and Actuality),

St. Aquinas:

Theory of Causation, God. Proofs for the Existence of God.

Descartes:

Method of Doubt and Cogito ergo sum; Criterion of Truth; Innate

- 28 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Unit-5.

Unit-6.

Unit-7.

Spinoza:

Leibniz:

ideas; Descartes Concept of Substance & his dualism; Inter- actionism (Doctrine of the relation between mind & body). Substance (God); Attributes & Modes; the mind-body relation

(Parallelism)

Doctrine of Monads; Truths of reason and Truths of facts. Principles of non-contradiction & sufficient reason; Doctrine of Pre-Established Harmony, God.

Locke:

Distinction between Primary & Secondary Qualities; Concept of Substance. Berkeley: Refutation of Locke’s Materialism; esse est percipi (subjective

idealism); The Problem of Solipsism. Impressions & Ideas; Rejection of Metaphysics: Rejection of Matter, self and God, Scepticism. Classification of Judgements: Analytic & Synthetic: Possibility of A-priori-Synthetic Judgements, Theory of sense-perception (time & space as a priori forms of Intuition), Theory of Understanding (twelve categories of Understanding). Absolute Idealism, Dialectical Method.

Hume:

Refutation of Innate Ideas; Origin & Classification of Ideas;

Kant:

Refutation of Idealism.
Refutation of Idealism.

Hegel:

Contemporary Western Philosophy :

Moore:

Defence of Common Sense. Russell: Logical Atomism Knowledge by Acquaintance & Knowledge by Description. Wittgenstein: Meaning as reference (picture theory of meaning): Facts and Objects, Names & Proposition; meaning as use (use theory of meaning), language-games.

A.J.Ayer: Verifiability as Criterion of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics. G.Ryle: Systematically Misleading Expressions, Category Mistake.

Husserl:

Presuppositionlessness, Intentionality. Sartre: Meaning of Existence, Absolute Freedom & Responsibility, Bad

Faith. Fixation of Belief, Fallibilism, Pragmatic Method of Philosophy, Will to Believe.

Peirce &

James:

General Introduction of Phenomenology, Historical Dimension,

Logic:

(A) Informal Fallacies, Uses of Language & Theory of Definition.

(B)

Nature and Classification of Propositions.

(C)

Square of Opposition & Categorical Syllogism.

(D)

Laws of Thought.

(E)

Truth-functional compound statements & concerned rules in term of truth-tables of various truth functional connectives/ operators, calculating truth-value of truth-functional compound statements.

(F)

Determining Statement forms: Tautology, Contradictory and Contingent.

(G)

Determining Validity/ Invalidity of arguments by the truth-table

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

method. (H) Indian Logic Buddhism.

:

Theory of

Inference – Nyaya, Jainism and

Unit-8.

Ethics:

Basic Introduction: Will, Ought, Good, Right, Justice, Virtue, Evil,

 

Means

&

End,

Duty,

Freedom

&

Responsibility,

Karmavada,

Purusharth.

Ethical Theories:

(A)

Socratic Ethics- Knowledge is Virtue; Unity of virtues.

 

(B)

Plato's Ethics- Cardinal Virtue.

(C)

Utilitarianism of J. Bentham and J.S. Mill.

 

(D)

Kant's Concept of Good-will, Categorical Imperative.

 

(E)

A.J. Ayer's Ethical Emotivism.

(F)

R.M. Hare's Prescriptivism.

Unit-9.

Religion:

Basic Concepts:

 

(A)

Nature & Philosophy of Religion

(B)

Faith and Revelation; Problems of Religious Language

 

(C)

Problem of Evil.

General Introduction of-

Unit-10.

Socio-political

(A)

(B)

Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism Judaism, Christianity, Islam

Relation Between Individual & Society, Right & Duty, Social Justice,

Philosophy:

Feminism,

Revolution, Satyagraha, Constitutionalism, Terrorism.

Democracy,

Method

of

Social-Political

Change

Recommended Books

 
S.S.Barlingay: A Modern Introduction to Indian Ethics. Nikunja Vihari Banerjee: The Spirit of Indian Philosophy.

S.S.Barlingay: A Modern Introduction to Indian Ethics.

Nikunja Vihari Banerjee: The Spirit of Indian Philosophy.

B.

Gilbert Ryle: Concept of Mind.

Russell: History of Philosophy.

 

Frank Thilly: A History of Philosophy.

William Lilie: An Introduction to Ethics.

G. Pitcher: Philosophy of Wittgenstein.

Mary Warnock: Ethics Since 1900 G.J. Warnock: Contemporary Ethics. J.S. Mackenzie: Manual of Ethics. William Frankena: Ethics. John Hospers: An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis.

Chandradhar Sharma: A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English) Dr. Radhakrishnan: Indian Philosophy. I & II Vols. (Hindi & English)

Datta & Chatterjee:

Basant Kumar Lal: Contemporary Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English) Sinha, J.N.: Nitishastra (Hindi & English)

Y. Masih: A Critical History of Western Philosophy (Hindi & English)

John Hick: Philosophy of Religion (Hindi & English).

Basant Kumar Lal: Contemporary Western Philosophy (Hindi & English) A.J. Ayer. : Language, Truth and Logic. (Hindi & English) I.M. Copi: Introduction to Logic. (Hindi & English)

J.N. Sinha:

Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English)

Manual of Ethics (Hindi & English)

ch-,u- flag % Hkkjrh; n’kZu ,u-ds- ’kekZ % Hkkjrh; nk’kZfud leL;k,¡

- 30 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

egs’k Hkkjrh; % Hkkjrh; nk’kZfud leL;k,¡ osnkyadkj % Áeq[k Hkkjrh; uhfrxzaFk ch-,u- flag % uhfr’kkL= ch- ,y- vk=s; % Hkkjrh; uhfr’kkL= dk bfrgkl ,p-,u- feJk % uhfr’kkL= dh Hkwfedk laxeyky ik.Ms % uhfr’kkL= dk losZ{k.k osn izdk'k oekZ % uhfr'kkL= ds ewy fl)kar osn izdk'k oekZ % vf/kuhfr'kkL= ds ewy fl)kar gjsUnz izlkn flUgk % /keZn'kZu dh :ijs[kk gjsUnz izlkn flUgk % Hkkjrh;&n'kZu MkW- y{eh lDlsuk % ledkyhu ik'pkR; n'kZu v'kksd dqekj oekZ % ljy fuxeukRed rdZ'kkL= v'kksd dqekj oekZ % izrhdkRed rdZ'kkL= ch-ds- yky % ledkyhu Hkkjrh; n’kZu ch-ds- yky % ledkyhu ik'pkR; n’kZu txnh'k lgk; JhokLro % Ákphu] e/;dkyhu] vokZphu n'kZu dk oSKkfud bfrgkl n;kd`".k % ik'pkR; n'kZu dk bfrgkl ¼Hkkx 1 o 2½ egsUnz dqekj tSu % tSu n’kZu v’kksd dqekj oekZ % ÁkjfEHkd lkekftd jktuuhfrd n’kZu laxeyky ik.Ms % Hkkjrh; n’kZu ikleksj % n’kZu ds lkS o"kZ ¼fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth½

lkekftd jktuuhfrd n’kZu laxeyky ik.Ms % Hkkjrh; n’kZu ikleksj % n’kZu ds lkS o"kZ ¼fgUnh ,oa

- 31 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

UNIT I

Introduction to and definition, aim and objectives of Physical Education and other terms – health education and recreation. Philosophies of Education as applied to Physical Education – Idealism, Naturalism, Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, Humanism. Biological basis of physical activity – benefits of exercise, growth and exercise, exercise and well-being sex and age characteristics of adolescent, body types. Psychological basis of Physical Eduction – socialization process, social nature of men and physical activity, sports as cultural heritage of mankind, customs, traditions and sport, competition and cooperation. Olympic Movement – Historical development of Ancient and Modern Olympic Games. Physical Education in India.

and Modern Olympic Games. Physical Education in India. UNIT II Physiology of Muscular activity, Neurotransmission

UNIT II Physiology of Muscular activity, Neurotransmission and Movement mechanism. Physiology of respiration. Physiology of blood circulation. Factors influencing performance in sports. Bioenergetics and recovery process. Athletic injuries – their management and rehabilitation.

UNIT III Joints and their movements – planes and axes. Kinetics, Kinematics – linear and angular, levers. Laws of motion, principles of equilibrium and force, spin and elasticity. Posture, Postural deformities and their correction. Muscular analysis of Motor movement. Mechanical analysis of various sports activities. Mechanical analysis of fundamental movements (running, jumping, throwing, pulling and pushing) Massage manipulation and therapeutic exercises.

UNIT IV Learning process – theories and laws of learning. Motivation, theories and dynamics of motivation in sports. Psychological factors affecting sports performance – viz., stress, anxiety, tension and aggression. Personality, its dimensions, theories, personality and performance. Individual differences and their impact on skill learning and performance.

- 32 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Group dynamics, team cohesion and leadership in sports. Sociometrics, economics and politics in sports. Media and sports.

UNIT V Health – guiding principles of health and health education. Nutrition and dietary manipulations. Health-related fitness, obesity and its management. Environmental and occupational hazards and first aid. Communicable diseases – their preventive and therapeutic aspect. School health programme and personal hygiene. Theories and principles of recreation. Recreation programme for various categories of people.

UNIT VI Characteristics and principles of sports training. Training load and periodization. Training methods and specific training programme for development of various motor qualities. Technical and Tactical preparation for sports. Short-term and long-term training plans. Sports talent identification – process and procedures. Preparing for competition – (build up competitions, main competition, competition frequency, psychological preparation). Rules of Games and sports and their interpretations.

UNIT VII
UNIT VII

Concepts and assessment of physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor educability. Skill test for Badminton, Basket Ball, Hockey, Lawn-Tennis, Soccer, Volley Ball. Testing psychological variables – competitive anxiety, aggression, team cohesion, motivation, self-concept. Antoropometric measurements and body composition. Organization and functions of sports bodies. Intramurals and Extramurals. Management of infrastructure, equipments, finance and personnel. Methods and Techniques of teaching. Principles of planning of Physical Education lessons.

- 33 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

POLITICAL SCIENCE

1 Political Theories and Thought

Ancient Indian thinker – Kautilya

Great Thinkers – Plato and Aristotle

European thinker – Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Bentham,

J.S.Mill and Marx

Modern Political Thinkers – Rawls and Nozick

Modern Indian Political Thinkers : Gandhi, M.N.Roy, Nehru and Ambedkar

Basic concepts : Behaviouralism and Post – Behaviouralism, Decline and Revival of Political Theory

2 Comparative Politics and Political Analysis

Comparative Politics – Nature and Scope

Approaches to Study Comparative Politics – Structural-functional and System Theory

Kinds of Government – Unitary – Federal, Parliamentary – Presidential

– Unitary – Federal, Parliamentary – Presidential • Organs of Government – Executive, Legislature and

Organs of Government – Executive, Legislature and Judiciary

Political Development, Political Culture and Political Socialization

Power and Authority

3 Indian Government & Politics

Ideological bases of Indian Constitution, Preamble, fundamental Rights and Directive Principles; Constitutional Amendment and Review

President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers and Parliament

Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Minister and State Legislature

Nature of Indian Federalism

Supreme Court, High Court, Judicial Review and Judicial Activism

Political Parties and Pressure Groups

Election

Behaviour

Commission,

Electoral

Reforms

and

Determinants

of

Voting

4 Public Administration

Meaning and Nature of Public Administration, Decision Making Approach

of Public Administration

Theories of Organization – Line and Staff, Unity of Command, Hierarchy, Span of Control

Types of Organization – Formal and Informal

Chief Executive – Kinds and functions

Personnel Administration – Recruitment and Training

Bureaucracy – Theories and Types, Max Weber’s view

Leadership and Communication

Financial Administrative – Budget, Means of Control over Finance, Comptroller and Auditor General

- 34 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

5 International Relations :

Theories and approaches to Study International Politics – Idealism, Realistic System and Game Theory

Meaning and Elements of National Power

Cold war – Disarmament, Pacific means of settlement of International Disputes, Diplomacy, Non-alignment

New Economic Order

Regional Organization – SAARC, ASEAN & OPEC

UN – Organization, working and role in peace keeping

India in International Politics – India and Its Neighbour, Basic principles of Indian Foreign Policy

Contemporary International issues : Human Rights, Environment and WTO

principles of Indian Foreign Policy • Contemporary International issues : Human Rights, Environment and WTO -

- 35 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1. Theory of Public Administration

Public Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope, Public and Private Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Management.

Administrative Thinkers – Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Gulick and Urwick, Max Weber, F.W. Taylor, Henri Fayol, M.P. Follet, Elton Mayo, C.I. Barnard, Herbert Simon, D.H. McGregor, Abraham Maslow, Herzberg, Chris Argyris and Fred Riggs.

Theories- Classical, Human Relations, Bureaucratic, Public Choice and Principal Agent relationship.

Approaches to the study of Public Administration – Scientific Management, Behavioural Systems, Structural-Functional, Decision-making, Public Policy and Marxian.

Decision-making, Public Policy and Marxian. Organisation – Bases of Organisation, Formal and Informal,

Organisation – Bases of Organisation, Formal and Informal, Principles of Organisation – Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Delegation, Decentralisation and Coordination ; Line-Staff Agencies.

Leadership, Motivation and Communication.

Public Policy: Meaning, Approaches, Policy- Process.

2. Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration – Nature and Scope. Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration – Contributions of Fred Riggs, Montgomery and Ferrel Heady.

A comparative Study of the Administration, Institutions and Processes in U.K., U.S.A., and India.

Various Control Mechanisms over Administration in U.K. U.S.A. and India. Citizen and Administration – Machinery for redressal of citizen’s grievances in U.K., U.S.A. and India.

Development Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope, Concept of Development Administration ; Development Administration and Traditional Administration ; Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries.

- 36 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Bureaucracy and Development Administration – Role of Bureaucracy in Plan Formulation and its Implementation.

3. Indian Administration

Administration Legacies at the time of Independence – Civil Services ; District and Revenue Administration.

Organisation of Government at the Central level – Organisation of Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O.

Organisation of Government at the State level – Secretariat, Role of Chief Secretary, Organisation of Ministries, Departments and Directorates.

Personnel Administration – Classification of services, Recruitment, Recruitment Agencies – U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations, Employer-Employee Relation.

Financial Administration – Budget, Enactment of Budget, Finance Ministry and its Role, Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor-General.

–

Plans – Five-Year Plans, Formulation of Plans, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Plan Implementation.

Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Sector in India. Public Sector – features, Problems of Management, Accountability and Autonomy.

New Economic Policy – Liberalisation Privatisation and Globalisation.

Centre-State

Commission.

and

Financial,

Relations

Legislative,Administrative

Finance

Central Social Welfare Board, State Social Welfare Board.

Control over Administration – Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control, Transparency, Accountability and Administrative Responsiveness.

District Administration – Organisation of District Administration, Role of District Collector in Development, Local Government – Rural and Urban,

Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication.

Administrative Reforms in India since Independence.

- 37 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

4. Research Methodology

Types of Research

Identification of Problems and Preparation of Research Design.

Research Methods in Social Sciences.

Hypothesis.

Sampling – Various Sampling Procedures.

Tools of Data Collection – Questionnaire, Interview, Content Analysis.

Processing of Data.

Measures of Central Tendency – Mean, Mode and Median.

Report Writing.

5. Local Governments – Rural and Urban

Report Writing. 5. Local Governments – Rural and Urban Meaning, Nature and Scope of Local Governments

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Local Governments

Major Features and Structure of Local Government in U.K., U.S.A., France and India, Rural Development: Concept and Approaches.

73 rd and 74 th Constitutional amendments in India, Panchayati Raj in Rajasthan Municipal Administration in Rajasthan.

State-Local Relations in India, Financial Sources for Local bodies.

- 38 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

SANSKRIT

PART – A

1- _Xosn % o#.k 1-24] bUæ 1-32] lw;Z 1-115] c`gLifr 2-23] lfor` 2-38] unh 3-33]

m"kl~ 3-61] fdro 10-34] uklnh; 10-129 2- ;tqosZn % f’koladYi lwä & v/;k; 34 ¼1-6½ 3- lkeosn % lkselwä 6-1-4 4- vFkoZosn % dky lwä ¼19-53½] iwFoh lwä ¼12-1½] 1 ls 15 ea= 5- fu#ä % ¼ ÁFke] f}rh;] rFkk lIre v/;k;½ 6- rdZHkk"kk ¼Ákek.;okn rd½ % ds’ko feJ 7- osnkUrlkj % lnkuUn 8- lka[;dkfjdk % bZ’oj Ñ".k 9- rÙokFkZlw= ¼ÁFke v/;k;½ % mekLokfr ¼fgUnh O;k[;kdkj&ia- lq[kyky laÄoh ½ 10- vFkZlaxzg ¼ÁkjEHk ls fof/kHkkx i;ZUr½ % yksxkf{kHkkLdj 11- fl)kUrdkSeqnh dk dkjd Ádj.k 12- yÄqfl)kUr dkSeqnh ¼vtUr ,oa gyUr Ádj.k½ 13- fl)kUrdkSeqnh] rf)r ¼eRoFkhZ;½ Ádj.k 14- Hkk"kk foKku % Hkk"kk dk Lo:i] oxhZdj.k ] vFkZfoKku vkSj /ofu foKku 15- f’k’kqikyo/k ¼ÁFke lxZ½&ekÄ 16- esÄnwr & dkfynkl 17- lkfgR; niZ.k ¼ÁFke] f}rh; ,oa r`rh; ifjPNsn dh 29oha dkfjdk rd½&fo’oukFk 18- eqækjk{kl & fo’kk[knÙk

niZ.k ¼ÁFke] f}rh; ,oa r`rh; ifjPNsn dh 29oha dkfjdk rd½&fo’oukFk 18- eqækjk{kl & fo’kk[knÙk - 39

- 39 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

PART – B prq%lw=h ¼’kk³~djHkk"; lfgr½ & czã ftKklk ] vFk dk vFkZ ] v/;kl] [;kfri¥~pd ] czã dk y{k.k] osnkUrokD;ksa dk leUo; ] ’kkL=;ksfuRokr~ ;ksxlw= ¼foHkwfrikn NksMdj½ & ;ksx dk Lo:i] iapDys’k ] lekf/k ] dSoY; dk Lo:i] bZ’oj dk Lo:i ] fØ;k ;ksx ] fpÙko`fr;k¡ okD;inh; ¼ czãdk.M½ & ’kCn czã dk Lo:i ] LQksV dk Lo:i ] ’kCn czã dh ’kfDr;k¡] LQksV ,oa /ofu ds chp lEcU/k] ’kCn&vFkZ lEcU/k] /ofu ds Ádkj Hkk"kk ds Lrj oS;kdj.kfl)kUrdkSeqnh ¼x.kHkkx½& Hokfnx.k ls pqjkfnx.k i;ZUr] lw=&O;k[;k] in&flf) n’k:id ¼/ku¥~t;½ ¼1 ls 3 Ádk’k½ & ukV~;y{k.k] ukV~;Hksn] i¥~plfU/k] oLrq] usrk] vFkZÁd`fr] o`fÙk;k¡ dkO;Ádk’k ¼1 ls 5 mYykl ½ & dkO;y{k.k] dkO; Á;kstu] dkO;gsrq] dkO;Hksn] ’kCn’kfDr] vfHkfgrkUo;okn] vfUorkfHk/kkuokn] jlokn ,oa jllw=foe’kZ rÙokFkZlw= ¼ 2]5]6]7 v/;k; ½ & Hkkoiapd] bfUnz;&foospu] ’kjhj&foospu] iapkfLrdk;] "kM~ æO;] lr~ dk Lo:Ik] vklzo] ca/k gsrq] ozr ,oa mlds Hksn izek.kehekalk&gsepUnz ¼izFke v/;k;] izFke vkfàdek=½& izek.ky{k.k] lkaO;ogkfjd izR;{k] ikjekfFkZd izR;{k] ijks{k izek.k] loZKrk dh flf)] izes;oLrq dk Lo:i] izek.k&Qy

itZU; lwDr ¼_Xosn½¼ 5-83½ jk"VªkfHko)Zue~ lwDr ¼vFkoZosn½ ¼ 1-29½ rSfÙkjh;ksifu"kn~~ ¼ ewy Hkkx ½

lwDr ¼_Xosn½¼ 5-83½ jk"VªkfHko)Zue~ lwDr ¼vFkoZosn½ ¼ 1-29½ rSfÙkjh;ksifu"kn~~ ¼ ewy Hkkx ½ - 40 -

- 40 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

MUSIC :

1. Technical Terminology

Nada, Shruti, Swara, Grama-Moorchana, Jati, Raga, Tala, Tan, Gamak, Gandharva-Gaan, Marga-Deshi, Giti, Gaan, Varna, Alankar, Melody, Harmony, Musical Scales, Musical Intervals, Consonance-Dissonance, Harmonics, Western and South Indian Terminology and their explanation, Drone, Alpatva-Bahutva, Abirbhav-Tirobhav, Uthan, Peshkar, Kayda, Rela, Rang, Laggi, Ladi, Farshbandi, Tala, Laya, Matra, Avartan, Vibhag, Sashabda Kriya, Nishabda Kriya, Theka, Saral Gat, Adi Gat, Chakradar Gat, Farmiashi Gat and other variety of Gats and Kayadas, Upanga, Bhashanga, Gita, Kriti, Kirtana, Jatiswara, Pada, Swarjati, Ragmalika, Tillana, Nyasa, Ansa, Anuprasa, Alapana, Sangati and other terms, Gitinatya, Nritiya-natya, notation, masitkhani and Rajakhani Gat. Kriton, Zam-Zama, Ghasit, Jhala, Jod-Alap, Mind, Gamak, Todas, Gat, Different strokes of Mizrab, Layakari, Gayanki Ang in Sitar.

Different strokes of Mizrab, Layakari, Gayanki Ang in Sitar. 2. Applied Theory Detailed and critical study

2. Applied Theory

Detailed and critical study of Ragas, classification of Ragas, i.e. Grama Raga Vargikaran, Mela Raga Vargikaran, Raga-Ragini Vargikaran, Thata Raga Vargikaran, and Raganga Vargikaran, time-theory of Ragas, Application of melody and harmony in Indian Music, Placement of Shuddha and Vikrit Swaras on Shruties in ancient, medieval and modern period. Elementary knowledge of Indian & Western Notation System.

Detailed knowledge of prevalent Talas of Hindustani music, knowledge of Tal, Dashpranas and Marga and Deshi Talas of ancient period, the original principles of making Tihai, Chakradar Gat, Chakradar Paran, comparative study of Hindustani and Karnataka tala system with special

- 41 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

reference to ten pranas of tala, detailed study of different layakaris viz, Dugun, Tigun, Chaugun, Ada, Kuada, Biyade and method to apply them in compositions.

3. Compositional forms and their Evolution

Prabandha, Dhrupad, Khyal, Dhamar,Thumri, Tappa, Tarana, Chaturnag, Trivat, Vrindagana, Vrinda, Vadan, Javali, Kriti, Tillana, Alap, Varnam (Pad Varnam and Tana Varnam), Padam, Ragam, Tanam, Pallavi, Gita, Varna, Swarajati, Kalpita, Sangita.

4. Gharanas and Gayaki

Varna, Swarajati, Kalpita, Sangita. 4. Gharanas and Gayaki Origin and development of Gharanas in Hindustani music

Origin and development of Gharanas in Hindustani music and their contribution in preserving and promoting traditional Hindustani classical music. Merits and demerits of Gharana system.

Origin and Development of Gharanas in Instrumental music and Percussion and their contribution in promoting traditional Indian Classical music, merits and demerits of Gharana system.

Study of the traditions and specialities of different gharanas in vocal, instrumental and percussion group. Desirability and possibility of gharanas in contemporary music.

5. Contribution of scholars to Indian Music and their textual tradition

Narad, Bharat, Dattil, Matanga, Sharangadeva, Nanyadeva and others. Lochan, Ramamatya, Pundarik,Vitthal, Somnath, Damodar Mishra, Ahobal, Hridaya Narain Deva, Vynkatmakhi, Sriniwas, Pt. Bhatkhande, Pt.

- 42 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

V.D. Paluskar, Pt. Omkarnath Thakur, K.C.D. Brahspati, Dr. Premlata Sharma and others.

Study of ancient, medieval and modern treatises in Percussion instruments like Bharat Natyashastra, Sangeet Samayasar, Radha Govind Sangit Sar, Madrul Mosiqui, Bhartiya Vadyon ka Itihas, Sangeet Shastra, Bhartiya Sangeet Mei Taal aur Roop, Abhinav Tala Manjari, Bhartiya Sangeet Vadya, and other treatises. Contribution of various scholars to percussion instruments like Kudau Singh, Bhagwan Das, Raja Chatrpati Sinigh, Anokhe Lal, Ahmadjan Thirakwa, Shamta Prasad, Kishan Maharaj and others in ancient, medieval and modern period.

Maharaj and others in ancient, medieval and modern period. Contribution of prominent Karnatak Scholars, composers and

Contribution of prominent Karnatak Scholars, composers and performers and their medieval and modern period like, work such as Ramamatya, Vyankatmakhi, Tyagraja, Muttu-swami Dikshitara, Shyam Sastri, Gopal Krishna Bharati, Prof. Sambhamoorti.

6. Historical Perspective of Music

A study of the historical development of Hindustani music (vocal and instrumental) in ancient, medieval and modern period. General ideas of the factors that differentiate Karnatak Music from Hindustani Music from Hindustani Music. Life sketch of Western Scholars.

7. Aesthetics Its origin, expression and appreciation: Principle of aesthetics and its relation to Indian Music. Rasa theory and its application to Indian Music.

Relationship of Musical aesthetics and Rasa to Hindustani Music (Vocal and Instrumental).

- 43 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Interrelationship of Fine arts with special reference to Rag-Ragini Paintings, Dhyan of Ragas and others.

8. Instruments / Dance Origin, evolution, structure of various instruments and their well-known exponents of Hindustani (Vocal & Instruments), Karnatak Music. Importance of Tanpura and its Harmonics.

Classification of instruments of Hindustani, Karnatak Music in ancient, medieval and modern period.

Elementary knowledge of Indian dances like Kathak, Bhartnatyam, Kuchipudi, Oddissi, Kathakali, etc.

Kathak, Bhartnatyam, Kuchipudi, Oddissi, Kathakali, etc. Technique and wadan shalli of different instruments: flute,

Technique and wadan shalli of different instruments: flute, sahnai, tabla, violin, sitar, sarod, guitar, sarangi, harmonium etc.

Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Nikhil Banerjee, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Pt. V.G. Jog, Pt. Panna Lal Ghosh, Pt. Gajanand Rao Joshi, Ustad Amjad Ali Khan, Ustad Allahraka Khan, Ustad Jakir Hussain, Shrimati Jareen Daruwala, Pt. Govind Rao Tembe, Pt. Appa Jalgaonkar, Ustad Alladiya Khan, Ustad Feyaz Khan, Ustad Bade Gulam Ali Khan, Pt. Raja Bhaiya Punchwale, Ustad Amir Khan, Pt. Ajay Chakravartoy, Kishori Amonkar, Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, Pt. Jasraj, Pt.Vishvamohan Bhatt, Pt. Brijbushan Kabra, Pt. Ramnarayan, Ustad Bundu khan, Ustad Sultan Khan.

9. Folk Music Influence of folk music on Indian Classical Music. Stylisation of folk melodies into ragas. Popular folk tunes and folk dances of Hindustani music.

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

General study of the folk music of various regions of India like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab.

10. Music Teaching and Research Technologies Guru Shishya Parampara, Sangeet-Sampradaya Pradarsini and the institutional system of music teaching with reference of Hindustani Music.

Utility of teaching aids like electronic equipments in music education with reference to Hindustani Music.

The methodologies of music research, preparing synopsis, data collection, field work, writing project reports, finding bibliography, reference material etc., with reference to Hindustani Music. Study of interrelation between textual and oral tradition.

Study of interrelation between textual and oral tradition. 11. Others Aesthetics, Rasa, Gharanas, Baj, Sampradaya,

11. Others Aesthetics, Rasa, Gharanas, Baj, Sampradaya, Composers and Musicians, Interdisciplinary studies in Music such as Music and Philosophy, Music and Religion Music and Culture, Music and Social Sciences, Music and Science, Music and Psychology, New Trends of Indian Music in Post-Independence era, Research in Music and its new avenues, Music Education, Folk Music, Music Festivals, Temple Music.

- 45 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

PSYCHOLOGY

PSYCHOLOGY:

1. Perceptual Process

Approaches

to

the

Study

of

perception:

Gestalt

and

Psychological

approaches.

Perceptual

Organization:

Gestalt,

Figure

and

Ground,

Laws

and

Organization.

Figure and Ground, Laws and Organization. Perceptual Constancy: Size, Shape and Brightness, Illusion;

Perceptual Constancy: Size, Shape and Brightness, Illusion; Perception of Depth and Movements.

Role of motivation and learning in perception.

2. Learning Process Classical conditioning: Procedure, Phenomena and related issued Instrumental learning: Phenomena, Paradigms and theoretical issues Reinforcement: basic variables and schedules Verbal learning: Methods and materials, organizational processes

3. Memory and Forgetting Memory processes: Encoding, Storage, Retrieval Stages of memory: Sensory memory, Short-Term Memory (STM) and long-term Memory (LTM) Episodic and Semantic memory Theories of Forgetting: Interference, decay, retrieval

4. Thinking and Problem Solving

- 46 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Theories of thought processes: Associationism, Gestalt, Information processing Concept formation: Rules and strategies Reasoning: Deductive and inductive.

5. Motivation and Emotion

Basic

motivational cycle

motivational

concepts:

instincts,

needs,

drives,

incentives,

Approaches to the study of motivation: Psychoanalytical, ethological, S-R Cognitive, humanistic

Biological Motives: Hunger, thirst, sleep and sex Social Motives: Achievement, affiliation, approval Explanatory behaviour and curiosity Physiological correlates of emotions Theories of emotions: James-Lange, Canon-Bard, Schachter and Singer.

of emotions: James-Lange, Canon-Bard, Schachter and Singer. 6. Human Abilities Intelligence: Biological, Social,

6. Human Abilities Intelligence: Biological, Social, Eco-cultural determinants Theories of intelligence: Spearman, Thurston, Guilford Individual and group differences: Extent and causes

7. Personality Determinants of personality: Biological and socio-culture Approaches to the study of personality: Psychoanalytic, neo-freudian, social learning, trait and type cognitive Personality assessment: Psychometric and projective tests Self-concept: Origin and development

- 47 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

8. Research Methodology Research problems, hypothesis, variables and their operationazation Types of psychological research Methods of psychological research: Experimental, Quasi-experimental, case studies, field studies and cross-cultural studies. Methods of data collection: Observation, interview, questionnaire, tests and scales. Non-parametric tests.

9. Measurement and Testing Test construction: Item writing, item analysis Test standardization: Reliability, validity and norms Types of tests: Intelligence, aptitude, personality – characteristic and important examples. Attitude scales and interest inventories Educational measurement and evaluation

interest inventories Educational measurement and evaluation 10. Biological Basis of Behaviour Receptors, effectors and

10. Biological Basis of Behaviour Receptors, effectors and adjuster mechanisms Neural impulse: Origin, conduction and measurement Sensory system: Vision and Audition Human nervous system: Structure and functions

- 48 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

SOCIOLOGY

Paper – II A : SOCIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS

1. Nature of Sociology Definition Sociological Perspective

2. Basic Concepts Community Institution Association Culture Norms and Values

3. Social Structure Status and Role, their interrelationship

Multiple roles, Role set, Status set, Status sequence Role conflict

roles, Role set, Status set, Status sequence Role conflict 4. Social Group Meaning Types : Reference

4. Social Group Meaning

Types :

Reference group

Primary-Secondary, Formal-Informal, Ingroup-Outgroup,

5. Social Institutions Marriage Family Education Economy Polity Religion

6. Socialization Socialization, Re-socialization, Anticipatory Socialization, Adult Socialization Agencies of socialization Theories of socialization

7. Social Stratification Social Differentiation, Hierarchy and Inequality Forms of Stratification : Caste, Class, Gender, Ethnic Theories of social strafication Social mobility

8. Social change

- 49 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Concepts and Types : Evolution, Diffusion, Progress, Revolution, Transformation, Change in structure and Change of structure Theories : dialectical and Cyclical

B. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY

9. Structural Nadel Radcliffe Brown Levi-Strauss

10. Functional Malinowski Durkheim Parsons Merton

11. Interactionist Social action : Max Weber, Pareto Symbolic interactionism : G.H.Mead, Blumer

12. Conflict Karl Marx Dahrendorf Coser Collins

C : METHODOLOGY
C : METHODOLOGY

13. Meaning and Nature of Social Research Nature of social Phenomena The scientific method The problems in the study of social phenomena : Objectivity and subjectivity, fact and value

14. Quantitative Methods Survey Research Design and its types Hypothesis Sampling Techniques of data collection : Observation, Questionnaire, Schedule Interview

15. Qualitative Methods Participant observation Case study Content analysis

- 50 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Oral history Life history

16. Statistics in Social Research Measures of Central Tendency : Mean, Median, Mode Measures of dispersion Correlational analysis Test of significance Reliability and Validity

PAPER – III (i)

Unit-I : Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann Garfinkel and Goffman

Unit – II :

J.Alexander Habermass, Althusser Unit – III : Structuration and Post-Modernism Giddens Derrida Foucault Unit – IV : Conceptualising Indian Society Peoples of India : Groups and Communities Unity in diversity Cultural diversity : Regional, linguistic, religious and tribal Unit – V : Theoretical Pespectives Indological/Textual Perspective : G.S.Ghurye, Louis Dumont Structural-functional Perspective : M.N.Srinivas, S.C.Dube Marxian Perspective : D.P. Mukherjee, A.R.Desai Civilisational Perspective : N.K.Bose, Surajit Sinha Subaltern Perspective : B.R.Ambedkar, David Hardiman Unit – VI : Contemporary Issues : Socio-cultural Poverty Inequality of caste and gender Regional, ethnic and religious dis-harmonics Family dis-harmony : (a) Domestic violence (b) Dowry (c) Divorce (d) Intergenerational conflict Unit – VII : Contemporary Issues : Developmental Population Regional disparity

Neo-functionalism and Neo-Marxism

Unit – VII : Contemporary Issues : Developmental Population Regional disparity Neo-functionalism and Neo-Marxism - 51

- 51 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Slums Displacement Ecological degradation and environmental pollution Health problems Unit – VIII : Issues Pertaining to Deviance Deviance and its forms Crime and delinquency White collar crime and corruption Changing profile of crime and criminals Drug addiction Suicide Unit – IX : Current Debates Tradition and Modernity in India Problems of Nation Building : Secularism, Pluralism and Nation building Unit – X : The Challenges of Globalisation Indianisation of Sociology Privatisation of Education Science and Technology Policy of India

PAPER – III (ii)
PAPER – III (ii)

Elective – 1 : Rural Sociology Approaches to the study of Rural Society Rural-Urban differences Rurbanism Peasant Studies Agrarian Institutions :

Land Ownership and its types Agrarian relations and Mode of production debate Jajmani system and Jajmani relations Agrarian class structure Panchayati Raj System :

Panchayat before and after 73 rd Amendment Rural Leadership and Factionalism Empowerment of people Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development :

Bonded and Migrant labourers Pauperization and Depeasantisation

- 52 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements Rural Development and Change :

Trends of changes in rural society Processes of change : Migration – Rural to Urban and Rural to Rural Mobility : Social / Economic Factors of change Elective – II Industry and Society Industrial Society in the Classical Sociological Tradition :

Division of labour Bureaucracy Rationality Production relations Surplus value Alienation Industry and Society Factory as a social system Formal and informal organization Impact of social structure on industry Impact of industry on society Industrial Relations :

Changing profile of labour Changing labour-management relations Conciliation, adjudication, arbitration Collective bargaining Trade unions Workers’ participation in management (Joint Management Councils) Quality circles Indsutrialisation and Social Change in India :

Impact of industrialization on family, education and stratification Class and class conflict in industrial society Obstacles to and limitations of industrialization Industrial Planning :

Industrial Policy Labour legislation Human relations in industry Elective – III : Sociology of Development Conceptual Perspectives on Development :

of Development Conceptual Perspectives on Development : Economic growth Human development Social development - 53 -

Economic growth Human development Social development

- 53 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Sustainable development : Ecological and Social Theories of Underdevelopment :

Liberal : Max Weber, Gunnar Myrdal Dependency : Centre-periphery (Frank), Uneven development (Samir Amin), World-system (Wallerstein) Paths of Development :

Modernisation, Globalisation Socialist Mixed Gandhian Social Structure and Development :

Social structure as a facilitator / inhibitor Development and socio-economic disparities Gender and development Culture and Development :

Culture as an aid / impediment Development and displacement of tradition Development and upsurge of ethnic movements Elective – IV : Population and Society Theories of Population Growth :

Malthusian Demographic transition Population Growth and Distribution in India :

transition Population Growth and Distribution in India : Growth of Indian population since 1901 Determinants of

Growth of Indian population since 1901 Determinants of population Concepts of Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity and Migration :

Age and Sex composition and its consequences Determinants of mortality, infant, child and maternal mortality Morbidity rates Determinants and consequences of migration Population and Development :

Population as a constraint on and a resource for development Socio-cultural factors affecting population growth

Population Control :

Population policy : Problems and perspectives Population education Measures taken for population control

Elective – V : Gender and Society

- 54 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Gender as a Social Construct :

Models of Gendered socialization Cultural symbolism and general roles Social Structure and Gender Inequality :

Patriarchy and Matriarchy Division of labour – Production and reproduction Theories of Gender Relations :

Liberalist Radical Socialist Post-modernist Gender and Development :

Effect of development policies on gender relations Perspectives on gender and development-Welfarist, developmentalist Empowerment. Women and Development in India :

Empowerment. Women and Development in India : Indicators of women’s status : Demographic, social,

Indicators of women’s status : Demographic, social, economic and cultural Special schemes and strategies for women’s development Voluntary sector and women’s development Globalisation and women’s development Eco-Feminism.

- 55 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

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- 56 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

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- 57 -

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- 58 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur

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- 59 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

EDUCATION:

1. Philosophical Foundation of Education Relationship of Education and Philosophy Western Schools of Philosophy Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism, Existentialism Marxism with special reference to the concepts of knowledge, reality and values their educational implications for aims, contents and methods of education.

Indian Schools of Philosophy (Sankhya, Vedantga, Buddhism, Jainism, Islamic traditions) with special reference to the concept of knowledge, reality and values and their educational implications.

Vivekananda, Tagore, enshrined in the Indian
Vivekananda,
Tagore,
enshrined
in
the
Indian

as

Contributions

educational thinking.

of

Gandhi

and

Aurobindo

to

National

educational implications.

values

Constitution,

and

their

Modern concept of Philosophy: Analysis – Logical analysis, Logical empiricism and Positive relativism (Morris L Prigge)

2. Sociological Foundations of Education Relationship of Sociology and Education Meaning and nature of Educational sociology and Sociology of education Education as a social sub-system specific characteristics Education and the home Education and the community with special reference to Indian society Education and modernization

- 60 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

3.

Education and politics Education and religion Education and culture Education and democracy Socialization of the child Meaning and nature of social change Education as related to social stratification and social mobility Education as related to social equity and equality of educational opportunities Constraints on social change in India (caste, ethnicity, class, language, religion, regionalism) Education of the socially and economically disadvantaged sections of the society with special reference to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, women and rural population.

castes and scheduled tribes, women and rural population. Psychological Foundations of Education Relationship of

Psychological Foundations of Education Relationship of Education and Psychology Process of Growth and Development

- physical, social, emotional and intellectual

- development of concept formation, logical reasoning, problem solving and creative thinking; language development

- Individual differences – determinants; role of heredity and environment; implications of individual differences for organizing educational programmes. Intelligence – its theories and measurement Learning and Motivation Theories of learning – Thorndike is connectionism; Pavlov’s classical and Skinner’s operant conditioning; Learning by insight; Hull’s reinforcement theory and Tolman’s theory of learning; Lewin’s Field theory

- Gagne’s hierarchy of learning

- Factors influencing learning

- 61 -

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

- Learning and motivation

- Transfer of learning and its theories

Psychology and education of exceptional children – creative, gifted, backward learning disables and mentally retarded.

Personality type and trait theories – measurement of personality Mental health and hygiene – process of adjustment, conflicts and defence mechanism, mental hygiene and mental health. Sex Education Guidance.

4.

Methodology of Educational Research Nature and Scope of Educational Research Meaning and Nature Need and Purpose Scientific Inquiry and Theory Development – some emerging trends in research Fundamental – Applied and Action Research Formulation of Research Problem Criteria and sources for identifying the problem Delineating and Operationalizing variables. Developing assumptions and hypothesis in various types of research

assumptions and hypothesis in various types of research Collection of Data Concept of population and sample

Collection of Data Concept of population and sample Various methods of sampling Characteristics of a good sample

Tools and Techniques Characteristics of a good research tool Types of research tools and techniques and their uses Questionnaire-Interviews-Observations

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

Tests and scales, projective and sociometric techniques

Major Approaches to Research Descriptive Research Ex-post facto Research Survey Research Action Research Case study method Historical Research Experimental and quasi experimental studies Analysis of Data

Descriptive and Inferential Statistics. The null hypothesis, test of significance, types of error, one-tailed and two-tailed tests. The t-test

types of error, one-tailed and two-tailed tests. The t-test The F-test (One-way and ANOVA) Non-parametric tests

The F-test (One-way and ANOVA) Non-parametric tests (Chi-square test) Phi-coefficient of correlation Partial and multiple correlations Use of Normal probability curve, skewness and kurtosis.

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Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

,e0 fQy0@ih,p0Mh0 izos'k ijh{kk (JNVU MPET) ikB~;Øe

i=dkfjrk ,oa tulapkj

ikB~;Øe

bdkbZ & I lapkj ,oa i=dkfjrk&ewy lanHkZ] vo/kkj.kk ,oa ifjHkk"kk] izd`fr ,oa izfØ;k lapkj ds
bdkbZ & I
lapkj ,oa i=dkfjrk&ewy lanHkZ] vo/kkj.kk ,oa ifjHkk"kk] izd`fr ,oa izfØ;k
lapkj ds izdkj
tulapkj&ek/;e dh izd`fr vkSj vUroZLrq
Hkkjr esa tulapkj&igq¡p] vfHkxE;rk rFkk Jksrk&ikBd dh izd`fr
bdkbZ & II
lekt esa ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk
Hkkjrh; lekt dh fof'k"Vrk,¡&tula[;kRed ,oa lekt'kkL=h; ehfM;k
dk lexz izHkko
fof'k"V Jksrk&ikBd oxZ ij ek/;eksa ¼ehfM;k½ dk izHkko&efgyk] cPpksa
vkfn ij tuek/;e ¼ekl ehfM;k½ izHkkoksa ds v/;;u ,oa mudh lhek,¡
fo'ks"k eqíks ij tu&vfHk;ku&lkekftd ljksdkj]] i;kZoj.k] ekuokf/kdkj]
fyax&lekurk] izsl] jsfM;ks] Vsyhfotu] flusek ,oa lapkj ds ijEijkxr
ek/;e
bdkbZ& III
i=dkfjrk O;olk; ds :i esa
i=dkj & Hkwfedk ,oa nkf;Ro ¼lEiknd] milEiknd dh Hkwfedk½
Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ,oa izsl&Lora=rk
'kks/k vojks/k
vkpkj lafgrk vkSj i=dkj
i=dkfjrk ,oa tulapkj ds {ks= esa dSfj;j
izf'k{k.k&leL;k,¡
ek/;e izcU/ku&fl}kUr ,oa O;ogkj
ek/;e laca) O;kolkf;d laxBu
Hkkjr esa tuek/;eksa ls lEc) dkuwu
bdkbZ& IV

eqfnzr ,oa izlkj.k ek/;eksa dk lkekU; bfrgkl&Hkkjr ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa ¼fgUnh i=dkfjrk ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa½ eqfnzr ek/;eksa dk Lokra=;ksŸkj fodkl if=dk,¡&Hkwfedk] iqqLrdksa dk nkSj ,oa orZeku fLFkfr y?kq lekpkji=&leL;k,¡ ,oa lEHkkouk,¡ izsl vk;ksx] izsl ifj"kn~&budh vuq'kalk,¡ ,oa fLFkfr Lora=rk ds i'pkr~ jsfM;ks dk fodkl&izlkj Hkwfedk] jsfM;ks] xzkeh.k Qksje ,oa LFkkuh; izlkj.k&lkekU; ,oa fof'k"V Jksrk dk;ZØe Vsyhfotu dk fodkl&ifjn`';] izkjfEHkd fodkl ,oa iz;ksxkRed iz.kkyh] ^lkbV^ nkSj ,oa bldk ewY;kadu Vsyhfotu dk izlkj &^,f'k;kM^ ds ckn dk nkSj] eqís] ljksdkj ,oa le;&le; ij gqbZ ppkZ,¡ ;k okn&fooknA izlkj.k ls lEc) lfefr;k¡&i`"BHkwfe] laLrqfr;k¡ ,oa dk;kZUo;uA flusek& ,sfrgkfld ifjn`'; ,oa lelkef;d fo'ys"k.k&O;kolkf;d] lekUrj ,oa MkD;qesUVªh&fQYe m|ksx dh leL;k,¡ vkSj lEHkkouk,¡A

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

bdkbZ & V lapkj ,oa lkekftd ifjorZu fl)kUr lkekftd ifjorZu esa ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk&eq[; fl)kUr ¼MkfeusUV iSjkMkbEl½ fodkl ltZuk ¼MsoyiesUV bfuf'k;sfVo~l½& jkT;] cktkj rFkk r`rh; 'kfä ¼,u0th0vks0 {ks=½ lgHkkxh miØe vkSj lkeqnkf;d ek/;e&LokfeRo rFkk izcU/ku dh vo/kkj.kk

bdkbZ& VI

'kks/k izfof/k ,oa izfØ;k dk ifjp; tulapkj 'kks/k&,sfrgkfld lanHkZ iz'kklfud ,oa leh{kkRed ijEijk,¡ izHkko 'kks/k&fo'ks"kkrk,¡ ,oa lhek,¡ Hkkjr esa lapkj 'kks/k& ^lkbV^ ls lEc) egRoiw.kZ v/;;u vUroZLrq fo'ys"k.k& la[;kRed ,oa xq.kkRed izfof/k;k¡ cktkj 'kks/k ,oa bldk lapkj ls lEcU/k] foKkiu ds fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esa fun'kZu izfof/k;k¡& fo'ks"krk,¡ ,oa lhek,¡ ewy fo'ys"k.k dh lkaf[;dh; izfof/k;k¡

bdkbZ&VII

lapkj dh vkSifuosf'kd lajpuk mifuos'kksa dh lekfIr rFkk jk"Vªksa dh vkdka{kk,¡ tuek/;e dojst rFkk izfrfuf/kRo lEcU/kh fookn vUrjkZ"Vªh; laokn lfefr;k¡&leh{kk eSdczkbM dkWfe'ku&lkaLrqfr;k¡ ,oa uhfrxr fodYi vUrjkZ"Vªh; izlkj.k ls lacaf/kr lkef;d eqís ,oa budk laLd`fr ij izHkko] fofHkUu i{k ,oa lkLd`frd izHkko ehfM;k lfEeyu ¼dUotsZUl½& leL;k,¡ ,oa fodYi tuek/;e uhfr;k¡&vUrjkZ"Vªh; lUnHkZ vUrjkZ"Vªh; lapkj eqís& Hkkjr dh fLFkfr ,oa n`f"V

lapkj eqís& Hkkjr dh fLFkfr ,oa n`f"V b d k b Z & V I I

bdkbZ&VIII jsfM;ks] Vsyhfotu ,oa ohfM;ks &lapkj lk/ku ds :i esa Vhoh] jsfM;ks ,oa ohfM;ks dk O;kdj.k ¼xzkej½ mRiknu Vhe izksM~;wlj dh Hkwfedk dk;ZØeksa ds fofo/k izdkj jsfM;ks & ys[ku Vhoh- ys[ku& vkys[k gsrq 'kks/k n`';&Hkk"kk dSejk lapkyu dk;ZØe rS;kj djus ds ewy fl)kUr ^D;w^ vkSj ^dekaM^ jsfM;k foU;kl izk:i ¼jsfM;ks QkesZV½ Vsyhfotu&lekpkj] flVdke] :id ¼Qhpj½] O;kolkf;d dk;ZØe ¼dkWef'kZ;y½ vksisjk] MkD;wesUVªh] flusek] fFk;sVj] ukVd laiknu&fl)kUr ,oa O;kogkfjd i{k ¼lEiknu dyk ,oa :ilTtk½ /ofu izk:i ¼fMtkbu½] ekbØksQksu] lsV ,oa izdk'k O;oLFkk mixzg] dsfcy Vsyhfotu] dEI;wVj] ekbØksfpi

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur MPET

bdkbZ &IX

foKkiu foi.ku ¼ekdsZfVax½ foKkiu dkih ,oa izk:i ¼ys vkmV½ tulEidZ tuer izksisxS.Mk

bdkbZ &X

rduhdh ys[ku ds fofo/k :i eqnz.k izkS|ksfxdh ,oa mRiknu izfof/k;k¡ lekpkj ,tsUlh ^fl.MhdsV^ ,oa Ýhykal ys[ku i=dkfjrk ds fo'ks"kKrk&lac) {ks=

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izfof/k;k¡ lekpkj ,tsUlh ^fl.MhdsV^ ,oa Ýhykal ys[ku i=dkfjrk ds fo'ks"kKrk&lac) {ks= - - - - -