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English Test 30

Directions for Questions from 1 to 4:


The Failure of Conservatism in Modern British Poetry appears to be organised chronologically. For example, Chapter Four is called ‘Blowing Your
Mind: Immediacy in the Sixties’ and Chapter Eight is called ‘An era of rising property values: Conservatism 1979-97’. However, throughout Duncan’s
book something curious is happening with dates in the discussion. The first two chapters of the book sketch a post-war background and contain 34
dates of which 67% are in the 1960s and 1970s. The last chapter of the book, ‘Poetry in the 1990s’, contains 27 dates: 52% of them are in the
1960s and 1970s and only 30% of them are in the 1990s.

In some ways, this is perfectly understandable because what Eric Mottram called ‘The British Poetry Revival 1960-1975’ continues to function as the
return of the repressed. For example, Neil Corcoran’s apparently inclusive survey, English Poetry since 1940, devotes only one page to it. The
dominance of books like Corcoran’s means that any genuinely alert and representative account of post-war British poetry is obliged to go on
rewriting and re-righting literary history. Critical accounts of avant-garde poetry are therefore condemned to mirror black, feminist or gay narratives,
perpetually reinscribing the struggle to overcome being silenced, to come to consciousness, to come out or to gain rights and recognition.
Reinscription remains the paradigm in what might be termed ‘identity narratives’ not only because they are ‘happy ever after’ stories but more
importantly because the priorities of the system in which such individual stories are constructed remain unchanged. And, of course, because no-one
can imagine what happens after recognition has been achieved.

In other ways, Duncan’s focus on the 1960s and 1970s is less desirable because it is has a curious effect. It shuts British poetry — modernist-
derived or otherwise — into a kind of pastness. Consequently, it risks imprisoning latter-day practitioners in an aftermath where, like nineteenth-
century prisoners, they are obliged to walk the treadmills and pick the oakum of old dissatisfactions and disputes. Revisiting the past also risks
allowing the priorities of the system in which those dissatisfactions and disputes occurred to continue to dominate. Duncan raises the issue in his
introduction — “If poetry is sold and publicised on the basis of what was happening thirty years ago, what is there for new poets? What do they
plug into?” — but he seems to think that only what he terms the ‘pop-conservative mainstream’ is guilty of it.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to


 

j explain the chronological layout of the work.


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j explain the rise in conservatism.
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j examine a post-war scenario.
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j examine the allusion to the 1960s and the 1970s eras.
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j explain the negligence of the 1990s.
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2. Which one of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
 

j Two schools of thought are compared and contrasted, and one is deemed to be better than the other.
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j One school of thought is presented as worse than another. Then evidence is offered to support that claim
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j Two systems of poetry are analyzed, and one specific example is examined in detail.
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j A set of examples is furnished. Then a conclusion is drawn from them.
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j The inner workings of poetry are illustrated by using two systems.
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i Skip this question
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3. Based on the information in the passage, it can be inferred that which one of the following would most
logically begin a paragraph immediately following the passage?
 

j that there should be the demand for recognizing a need for revival in poetry.
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j that poetry remains a matter of what ‘ought to be’ because of its past.
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j that poetry should emerge from the shadows of the 1960s and the 1970s.
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j that we should alienate ourselves from World War based poetry.
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j that modernism should integrate the perspective of the retro phase.
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4. The author’s attitude towards the old school can best be described as:
 

j encouraged that it is moving forward in time.


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j concerned that it does not allow new poetry to come up.
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j pleased that the pre-modern era saw some fine poetry.
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j hopeful that it will be replaced by the postmodern poetry.
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j doubtful that it is the best form of poetry.
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Directions for Questions from 5 to 10:
j doubtful that it is the best form of poetry.
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Directions for Questions from 5 to 10:


The questions present a sentence, part of which or all of which is underlined. Beneath the sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the
underlined part. The first of these repeats the original; the other four are different. If you think the original is best, choose the first answer;
otherwise choose one of the others. This question tests correctness and effectiveness of expression. In choosing your answer, follow the
requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, and sentence construction. Choose the answer that
produces the most effective sentence; this answer should be clear and exact, without awkwardness, ambiguity, redundancy, or grammatical error.

5. Johnson, whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically
idealistic in his approach to righting modern society’s incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted human
hearts and minds.
 

j whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic in his approach to righting modern
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society’s incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted
j who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic with his approach to righting modern
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  society’s incorrigible wrongs that have infused corruption in  
j whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic in his approach to righting modern
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society’s incorrigible wrongs that has corrupted
j who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic in his approach to righting modern
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society’s incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted
j who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic through his approach to righting modern
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society’s incorrigible wrongs that has corrupted
i Skip this question
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6. Regardless of the issues discussed by the manager, the team conveniently went back to their old ways and began arguing over irrelevant matters
that were hindering the development of the project in the first place.
 

j the team conveniently went back to their old ways and began arguing over irrelevant matters that were hindering the development of the
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project in the first place.
j in the first place, the team conveniently went back to their old ways and begun to argue over matters of minor relevance which were hindering
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the project’s development.
j the team went back conveniently to its old ways and began arguing over irrelevant matters that were hindering the development of the
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project in the first place.
j irrelevant matters were discussed by the team which went back to its old ways that were hindering the development of the project.
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j the team conveniently went back to its old ways and began arguing over irrelevant matters that were hindering the development of the
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project in the first place.
i Skip this question
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7. The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the western
world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness the rise of financially
powerful and independent Asian countries.
 

j The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the western world and it is this state of affairs that is
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compelling the western nations to witness
j The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crises has gripped the western world and it is this state of affairs
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that is compelling the western nations to witness
j The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the western world and it is this state of affairs that
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is compelling the western nations to witness
j The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crises is gripping the western world and it is this state of affairs that is
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compelling the western nations to come together and become a witness to
j The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crisis have gripped the western world and it is this state of affairs
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that is compelling the western nations to witness
i Skip this question
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8. Julia, whom with single minded determination to fight against all odds has showered upon her success, fame and money, continues to impress and
inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy due to his family’s unstable financial conditions.
 

j Julia, whom with single minded determination to fight against all odds has showered upon her success, fame and money, continues to impress
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and inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy
j Julia, in whose single minded determination to fight against all odds has showered upon her success, fame and money, continues to impress
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and inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy
j Julia, whose single minded determination to fight against all odds have showered upon her success, fame and money, continue to impress and
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inspire every student who feels that his future is under jeopardy
j Julia, whose single minded determination to fight against all odds has showered upon her success, fame and money, continues to impress and
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inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy
j Julia, whose single minded determination to fight against all odds have showered upon her success, fame and money, continues to impress
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and inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy
i Skip this question
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Primarily, encouraging children to learn by experience and experimenting; however, in special cases,
and inspire every student who feels that his future is in jeopardy
i Skip this question
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9. Primarily, encouraging children to learn by experience and experimenting; however, in special cases,
where the child is particularly shy and introvert, the role of the mentor become crucial in enabling the
child to feel comfortable, creative and confident while learning through games, activities and interaction.
 

j Primarily, encouraging children to learn by experience and experimenting; however, in special cases, where the child is particularly shy and
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introvert, the role of the mentor become crucial in enabling the child to feel comfortable, creative and confident
j Primarily, we encourage children to learn by experiencing and experimenting; however, in special cases, where the child is particularly shy and
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introvert, the role of the mentor becomes crucial in enabling the child to feel comfortable, creative and confi
j Primarily, we encourage children to learn by experience and experimenting; however, in special cases, where the child is particularly shy and
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introvert, the role of the mentor becomes crucial to enable the child to feel comfortable, creative and confident
j Primarily, we encourage children to learn by experiencing and experimenting; however, in special cases, where about the child is particularly
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shy and introvert, the role of the mentor becomes crucial in enabling the child to feel comfortable, creative and
j Primarily, we encourage children to learn by experience and experimenting; however, in special cases, where the child is particularly shy and
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introvert, the role of the mentor become crucial to enable the child to feel comfortable, creative and confident
i Skip this question
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10. The success rates of recent open offers seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high
in January.

j seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
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j seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from the high in January.
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j seem to has gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
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j seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high on January.
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j seems to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
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i Skip this question
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