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SD Engineering Sdn Bhd

Electrical Calculation Ac and DC UPS complete with Battery sizing


Battery and load specification Batery type Nominal (operational) Voltage Maximum Voltage (24V + 10%) Minimum Voltage (24V - 10%) Nominal Voltage/cell Recommended Battery float charge ( Based on Saft-Nife thr value is 1.4V/cell ) Quantity of cell required (N) (Maximum voltage/Float voltage) End voltage(per cell) (Min voltage/number of cell) Continous load (Acont.) Design criteria Temperature correction factor @25oC Design Margin or spare capacity Ageing factor due to the battery deteriorate 1 1.10 ( 10% additional) 1.25 ( 25% additional) V/cell V/cell Nickel-Cadmium alkaline 24 Volt 26.4 Volt

21.6 Volt

1.2 1.4

19 (round-up figure)

1.15 (nearest figure is 1.14)

35.1 Ampere

(refer to load tabulation)

Computation

9323-RPT-EL-002

SD Engineering Sdn Bhd


Electrical Calculation Ac and DC UPS complete with Battery sizing
S=N p = s Max S=2 p =1

Battery sizing Uncorrected cell size (AH) =

{A

- A(p

- 1)

}K t

N = number of period in load profile p = period being analysed Ap = Ampere required for period "P" T = time (minute/hour or second) KT = AH capacity at standard rating/Amp that cell supply in time T

From the graph compute the uncorrected battery size in Ampere hour A0 0 ampere A1 100.1 ampere A2 KT1=128/102 T1 at 45 minute and A1 KT2= 8.3/45.2 T2 at (T1-next time duration) minute & A2 . Therefore computed uncorrected cell size Corrected battery size(AHcorrect) = 35.1 ampere 1.2549 0.1836

113.68 Ampere-Hour 156.31 Ampere-Hour

AHcorrect = AH max. uncorrect x temperature correction factor x design margin x ageing factor Manufacturer's Data Based on Saft-Nife battery is SBH157 Physical battery cell sizing Number of cell Proposed battery rack Propose battery arrangement 157 AH 349mm(H) x 195mm(W) x 252mm(L)-(2 cell per block) 19 3 tiers

800 1000

Charger sizing

9323-RPT-EL-002

SD Engineering Sdn Bhd


Electrical Calculation Ac and DC UPS complete with Battery sizing
Calculation Procedure Maximum system voltage per cell( V1max) = Maximum system voltage/ number of cell V1max = 1.4 volt

This is the maximum volt, the battery are allowed to be charged during high rate or float charge Based on Saft-Nife battery high the rate charge voltage level is between 1.45 to 1.75V/cell It assumed that battery banks are allowed for the high rate charge it is assumed that the charger shall be size to cater for the short duration of charging. Recommended high rate charge (Ahr) 0.4 C5A for 2.5Hr and 0.2C5A for 2.5Hr Charger size( AC )=Ahr + Cont.load (Acont.) Manufacturer's Standard size Input Power (P)=KxVnxIn Vn = nominal charger output voltage In = max charger output current K = Constant factor @ 24V 1phase K = Constant factor @ 24V 3 phase Battery Charger physical sizing (all dimension in mm unless specified) 129 Ampere 150 Ampere 4752 watt @ 3 phase 415V source 94.2 Ampere

2.64 1.32

H=1630

D=490
W=670

9323-RPT-EL-002

SD Engineering Sdn Bhd


Electrical Calculation Ac and DC UPS complete with Battery sizing

9323-RPT-EL-002