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Similarities are more revealing that differences.

To what extent does this view reflect the connections between the two texts? The connections between King Richard III and Al Pacinos film Looking for Richard is shown through Pacinos contemporary adaption of King Richard III, which appeals to a contemporary audience. The similarities between King Richard III and Looking for Richard that reflects the connection between the two is integrity and immoderation and shows it how a modern audience can connect to Shakespeare through a contemporary film. This supports that similarities are more revealing than differences quite strongly. The way in which similarities is used to reveal or clarify the text for the contemporary audience. The connections that reflect the statement is that similarities show how the two texts relate to each other and reinforce how it is easier to understand foreign ideas through similar experiences. The similarities that is shown in Pacinos film compared to King Richard III strongly reflects connections between the two text and how a contemporary audience can relate to both through Looking for Richard. Shakespeares exploration of integrity in King Richard III, namely the morality of Richard, is shown through Richardss character and the soliloquies throughout the play. Richard, in his opening soliloquy states that since [he] cannot prove a lover [he] is determined to prove a villain which is how he express his opinion of that time and also provides an introduction into the setting of the play. The word choice of determined demonstrates his lack of integrity is consistently supported in the play, which is shown through animal imagery and metaphors. The winter of [their] discontent made glorious summer by this son of York the seasons is a metaphor for the chaos that has occurred and is shown through juxtaposition of the winter of our discontent and the glorious summer which gives a representation of how Richard perceives these times. This is the first insight into Richards character and his lack of integrity. Richards actions are foreshadowed in his soliloquies. The readiest way to make the wench amends is to become her husband and her father This demonstrates how Richard explains his plans to accomplish his objectives and how he will do whatever it takes to gain power whish is supported in the word choice of wench and amends, which shows his contempt for women and his will to achieve anything. The animal symbolism of hedgehog and boar demonstrates how Richard is regarded as a horrible and brutal animal who does not deserves his high status as during the Elizabethans era, they believed in the great chain of being, which supports the fact when Richard is called a boar or hedgehog during the play, it symbolizes the belief that Richard is not worthy of having such power. The integrity displayed in Richard III is contrasted in Looking for Richard by how Pacino integrates empathy to Richard as a character in his contemporary adaption of the play. The interviews in the beginning of the play provide a less providential view, which is connected, to Richards opening soliloquy in which he talks of his secular view and hence reinforcing the connection between the two and also clarifying to a contemporary audience through the secular view point. The costuming of the film in which they switch between the actors practicing

their line in normal clothes for modern times to the scene where it is from the play and wearing Elizabethan costumes. This allow a contemporary audience to understand the play and demonstrates how similarities are more revealing than differences. The exploration of immoderation in King Richard III is explored in Richards actions throughout the play. His soliloquies depicts his reasoning behind his actions and the methods he uses to manipulate, control, and injure other for his own gain. Plots I have laid to set my brother Clarence and the king in deadly hate the one against the other. The word choice of deadly hate and the king signifies how Richard acts recklessly and goes all the way with his actions, and the king even though both is his brothers which also supports how he does not regard Edward as his brother, rather as an external object showing how he does not care that he is the king and only cares about the power of the king. However, all of Richards victims are complicit in their own destruction which is clearly shown in the case of Buckingham as he assist Richard to gain the throne but once Richard gains the power of king, he disregard everything he has promised to Buckingham. May it please you to resolve me in my suit? Thou troublest me; I am not in the vein Let me think on Hastings and be gone The irony in this quote of how Buckingham realises that Richard does not care about his subjects and only cares for power. This is also supported in the opening soliloquy in which he goes into explicit detail about his plans. However, in the final scene in which Richard dies, he too is complicit in his own downfall as he let Elizabeth escape to Richmond and inform him of the chaos of Richards kingdom and to take advantage of it. Therefore the irony is portrayed in the end of the play and supports how similarities are more revealing than differences as it gives a deeper insight into King Richard III. The similarities between King Richard III and Looking for Richard are shown in Pacinos film through his personal influence. The immoderation in King Richard III is transformed into how the play gives an egalitarian view on the play. For example, Pacino emphasises on Richards deformity in the play to evoke sympathy from a contemporary audience. This is also further reinforced by how the targeted audience (Americans) is more egalitarian than others (American dream) and hence provides a concept that the audience can relate to. The voiceover though out the play also represents the explanation of the play and demonstrates how by summarising it to sentences, it can be related to how it relates to the film. Pacino also summaries the acts and major scenes in the play by putting it into more simple terms, allowing it to be understood easier and reveals the meaning of the scenes to a contemporary audience. By doing so, Pacino ensures the relevance of Shakespeare in modern society and allows it to become more relevant to a contemporary audience. Therefore, this supports how similarities are more revealing that differences, as it are shown in the play how meaning is conveyed more easily through sympathising rather than comparing. Therefore, this strongly supports the fact how similarities are more revealing that differences as it is shown through the lack of integrity in Richard, his immoderation and how it is contrasted by Pacinos more secular views, yet still relating to Richards through his actions in the film, and the egalitarian projection

in the film to relate to the audience. This clearly shows how the similarities between the two text is more revealing that the differences between the two texts.