Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 22

MS Word Portrait Template

Global Testing Practice

Test Automation Framework User Manual

GTP-India 47/1, 9 Cross, J P Nagar Bangalore, Karnataka, 560 076, India


th

Template Control: MS Word Portrait Template Saved 5 November, 2008

Template Version 1.1 -- Approval Date 26 Sep, 2008 EDS Internal

Page 1 of 22

EDS and the EDS logo are registered trademarks of Electronic Data Systems Corpo ration.
EDS is an equal opportunity employer and values the diversity of its people. Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

MS Word Portrait Template

Project Name: Amendment History - Document Status (e.g. Draft, Final, Release #):

CR# (optional)

Document Version#
0.1 0.2

Approval Date
NA 10-May-08

Modified By
Nadeem Nadeem

Section, Page(s) and Text Revised


Initial Draft a) b) c) Added the Amendment History table Updated the Installation procedure Updated the features section Updated Test_Templates section by describing all the Templates Modified Test_Settings.xml file Updated Utility Function Library section Added the procedures for developing and executing Keyword driven scripts and functions. Updated the installer section where the dll file is automatically moved to the assembly folder.

0.3

01-Oct-08

Nadeem

a) b) c) d)

0.4

05-Nov-08

Nadeem

a)

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 2 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

Glossary of Acronyms
Acronym GUI QTP QC Full Length Graphical user Interface QuickTest Professional Quality Center

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 3 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

Table of Contents
USE F9 TO UPDATE THE TOC

1 Objective.......................................................................................................................................5 2 High level design features.............................................................................................................6 3 Supported Environment................................................................................................................6 4 Supported Modes of Automated Script execution........................................................................6 5 Architecture ..................................................................................................................................7 6 Procedure for Installing the Framework.......................................................................................7 7 Folder Structure and Components................................................................................................8 8 Procedure for Developing Shared Test Object Repository.........................................................14 9 Procedure for Developing Test Data Tables...............................................................................15 10 Library of Utility Functions......................................................................................................15 11 Procedure for Developing Automated Test Scripts..................................................................18 12 Procedure for Configuring Test Environment..........................................................................19 13 Procedure for Executing Automated Test Scripts.....................................................................20 14 Known Limitations...................................................................................................................22 15 Acknowledgement....................................................................................................................22

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 4 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

1 OBJECTIVE
Functional Test Automation, much as it is essential for achieving higher Test coverage and improved Test execution productivity on any project has its own challenges that are derived from but not limited to the following

The type of application (Web based or non Web-based) The technology used to develop the application (Java, .NET etc) The platform used to host the application (Windows, Unix etc) The complexity of the business functionality and its User interface design

In a scenario where the inputs/requirements for any Test Automation project are varied, the need of the hour is to develop a Test Automation Framework that can accommodate these varying inputs/requirements and additionally provide the following benefits

A consistent architecture for the automated solution A consistent approach to develop the automated solution specific to each Test Automation project. Improved Test script development productivity Reusable Utility functions that can be consistently used across all technologies supported by the Tool

In EDS, the preferred Test Automation tools are the HP-Mercury tools namely QuickTest Professional (QTP) and Quality Center (QC). QTP is the primary tool of choice for implementing Test Automation on all projects in future, unless the client has a specific preference to use tools from other vendors. With this in focus, the Test Automation sub-capability has worked on developing a Generic Test Automation framework using QuickTest Professional tool. The objective of this document is to provide the details of the different components of the Generic Test Automation Framework that is a core part of the Organizational strategy in establishing consistency in the way the Functional Test Automation projects would be executed across GTP. To enable end users to understand and use the framework, this document details the way the Framework supports the development, maintenance and execution of the automated test scripts. In addition to this, the document also provides the necessary details related to configuration of the framework as well as the way to create and use external data sources for enabling creation of automated test scripts using the Data driven or Keyword driven approaches.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 5 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

2 HIGH LEVEL DESIGN FEATURES


The framework developed using QTP has the following features For all QTP supported technologies, the Framework Provides a consistent approach for developing automated test scripts for applications that are either Web based or non Web based Provides a Library of technology independent reusable Utility functions.(Same functions can be used to automate applications developed using Java or .Net or VB etc irrespective of whether it Is Web based or non Web based) Supports creation of automated scripts using either the data driven or keyword driven approaches. Enables increased test script development productivity on a project as it provides reusable architecture and code. Provides end users with the means to execute scripts via Quality Center or via an Excel based interface. Provides end users with the means to configure and execute randomly selected Test scripts for any module of the application being tested. Provides the end users the feature of randomly selecting the required Test data rows from external Test data sources. Provides a folder structure to logically group the required Test Automation artifacts on local systems where the automated scripts are to be executed.

3 SUPPORTED ENVIRONMENT

Test Management Tool : Quality Center Test Automation Tool : QTP version 9.2 or higher Supported Operating Systems: All QTP supported operating systems Supported Browsers: All QTP supported browsers

4 SUPPORTED MODES OF AUTOMATED SCRIPT EXECUTION


In the Quality Center Environment, the framework supports execution of automated test scripts from the Test Lab module via creation of Test sets. In a non Quality center environment, the framework supports execution of automated test scripts on the local systems via Test driver.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 6 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

5 ARCHITECTURE
Data driven framework

E:\2.CAPABILITY\ DOCUMENTS\2008\Test Autom ationFram ework\Fram ework-UserManual\Architecture - Data driven fram ework.doc

Keyword driven framework

E:\2.CAPABILITY\ DOCUMENTS\2008\Test Autom ationFram ework\Fram ework-UserManual\Architecture - Keyword driven fram ework.doc

6 PROCEDURE FOR INSTALLING THE FRAMEWORK


The Test Automation Framework related artifacts and supporting folder structure can be installed on the Local System by using its Installer. Refer the documented inserted below for the procedure related to the installation of the Test Automation related artifacts.

E:\2.CAPABILITY\ DOCUMENTS\2008\Test Autom ationFram ework\Fram ework-UserManual\Fram ework Installation Procedure.doc

Please note that the framework supports developing and executing the test scripts either via Quality Center or on a local system when Quality Center is not used. In a scenario where Quality center is used, we need to complete the installation of the framework artifacts on a local system (as explained above in the inserted document) and then complete the following tasks. Create the project-specific folder on Quality Center in the Test Plan module . Under the project-specific folder on Quality Center: Replicate the folder structure as available on the local system after installation Transfer the framework files from the local system to the corresponding folders on the Quality Center project.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 7 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template Updating the Test_Settings.xml file In the Test_Settings.xml file available in Test_Configuration folder in Quality Center, update the value tag of the tag PROJECT_FOLDER_PATH with the absolute path of the folder under which the framework artifacts are installed on the local system.

For Ex: If the framework is installed in the D: drive in the folder named Generic_Framework, then the value of the PROJECT_FOLDER_PATH should be as follows. ****************************************************************************************************************** <Name>PROJECT_FOLDER_PATH</Name> <Value>D:\Generic Framework</Value> Note: In a non Quality Center environment also, the PROJECT_FOLDER_PATH variable in the Test_Settings.xml file available in the Test_Configuration folder on the local system needs to be updated in the same way as explained for the Quality center environment. If the testing of Web applications is carried out on multiple browsers, update the BROWSER_TYPE tag with the values corresponding to different browsers as shown below. a) When testing has to be done on Internet Explorer browser, the value should be InternetExplorer b) When testing has to be done on Mozilla Firefox browser, the value should be MozillaFirefox c) When testing has to be done on Netscape browser, the value should be Netscape

7 FOLDER STRUCTURE AND COMPONENTS


To logically group all the Test Automation Framework artifacts, the following folder structure is used on a local system where the execution of the automated scripts is carried out. This group of folders will be created when the installation of the framework is completed using the setup file. *********************************************************************************************************** [Project_Name]

Test_Configuration Test_Data Test_Drivers Test_Libraries Test_Object_Repositories Test_Result_Log Test_Scripts Test_Templates Test_Documentation


Page 8 of 22

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

MS Word Portrait Template

***********************************************************************************************************

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 9 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template Details of each folder [Project_Name]: This is the main folder under which all the artifacts used for the Test Automation project are stored. To uniquely distinguish the artifacts across different projects, it is suggested that the main folder is given the name that has a reference to the project name/ID. Test_Configuration In this sub folder, the file named Test_Settings.xml, that stores the Test environment variables and their corresponding values is stored by default. New variables can be added as required in this file. In a non Quality center environment, the Test_Execution_Configuration.xls file (created using its template) that provides inputs to the Test driver script on the modules and the corresponding automated scripts that need to be executed is also stored in this folder. When the keyword driven approach is used, the KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences.xls file that contains a mapping of the Keyword driven functions and the library files in which they are stored will also be updated and stored in this folder. Test_Data In this sub folder, the external Test data source files are stored. The test data files should be created by using the template Test_Data_Source_Template.xls that is stored in the Test_Templates folder. Multiple data files and each file containing multiple test data tables can be created and stored in logically related sub-folders in this folder. Refer the section Procedure for creating Test Data Tables for more details. Note: A sample data file is also shown in this folder Test_Drivers In this sub folder, the Test driver script named DriverScript.vbs that is used to execute automated scripts developed using data driven approach or keyword driven approaches is stored. Note: The test driver is used for executing selected automated scripts only when Quality Center is not used on the project. If Quality center is available, Test sets containing the required test scripts will be created in the Test Lab module in Quality center and used for executing the required test scripts. Test_Libraries In this sub folder, the following files are available. a) Framework_Utility_Functions.vbs. This file contains reusable Utility functions that act as building blocks for developing the automated test scripts. The user has the option of adding more Utility functions to the existing Library. The user is also recommended to create a Library of Business functions and store the file in this folder. Refer the section Library of utility Functions for more details on the existing functions in the library file. Note: Sample business function libraries created for use in data driven and keyword driven scripts have also been included in this folder.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 10 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template Test_Object_Repositories In this sub folder, one or more Shared Object repositories, that contain the Test Object Properties of all Test objects that are referenced in automated scripts, are stored. Note that the shared repositories are created using the standard process as defined in QTP. Refer the section Procedure for Developing Shared Test Object repository for more details. Test_Result_Log In the scenario where Quality Center is not used for execution of automated test scripts, the QTP generated result file that contains the details of all execution steps for the selected automated scripts will be stored in this folder with the name corresponding to the date-timestamp when the execution was initiated. Refer the section Procedure for Executing Automated Test Scripts for more details. Test_Scripts In the Data driven approach, Test Scripts are created using the QTP based Test script template named DataDrivenScript_Template that is available in the Test_Templates folder. In the Keyword driven approach, test scripts are created using the excel based template named KeywordDriven_ActionFile_Template.xls. It is mandatory to store the logically related test scripts belonging to a module in the application under corresponding sub-folders and store the corresponding automated test scripts in these subfolder. For Ex: If the application has modules named Admin, Reports etc and for each of these modules there are multiple test cases that are to be automated, then in the Test_Scripts folder create sub-folders named Admin and Module (or any name as per conventions defined in the project) and store the correspondingly related automated scripts in the Admin and Reports sub-folders. Note: Sample scripts created using Data driven and Keyword driven templates are also shown in this folder. Test_Templates In this sub-folder, the following templates are provided. a) Test_Data_Source_Template.xls: This template is used for creating the required test data tables for either the keyword driven or data driven test scripts. Please refer the Instructions worksheet for more details. Also note that we can create multiple test data files and each file can have multiple test data tables. It is recommended to store the project specific data files in logically named sub-folders in the Test_Data folder (similar to the recommended way for storing automated scripts in the Test_Scripts folder).

Test_Data_Source_T em plate

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 11 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

b) Test_Execution_Configuration_Template.xls: This template is to be used only when there is a requirement of executing the automated test scripts on a local system without using Quality center. The entries in this file are used as inputs for the Test driver to enable the execution of selected scripts of the corresponding modules of the application being tested. The template should be renamed to Test_Execution_Configuration.xls and placed in the Test_Configuration folder. Refer to the Instructions worksheet in the template for more details on conventions to follow in making specific entries in the Module_Selection worksheet as well as creating additional worksheets that contain a listing of the automated test scripts available in each module.

Test_Execution_Con figuration_Tem plate.xls

c) DataDrivenScript_Template: This QTP based test script template is applicable only for creating data driven scripts and is not required in the Keyword driven approach. Note: The inserted document is shown in text format to eliminate the need to use QTP for viewing the file content.

D:\Docum ents and Settings\autom ation\Desktop\DataDrivenScript_Tem plate.txt

d) KeywordDriven_BusinessFunctions_Template: This is used for developing the Keyword driven business functions. The file should be renamed and placed in the Test_Libraries folder when used for creating the Keyword driven business functions. All functions created in this file should have the fn_ prefix. Note: This template is used only in the Keyword driven approach. Please refer the Instructions worksheet for more details.

keywordDriven_Busi nessFunctions_Tem plate.xls

e) KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences_Template: This template is used for mapping the Keyword driven functions and the library files in which they are stored. This file should be renamed to KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences.xls and stored in the Test_Configuration folder. Note: This template is used only in the Keyword driven approach. Please refer the Instructions worksheet for more details.

KeywordDriven_Func tionReferences_Tem plate.xls

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 12 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template f) KeywordDriven_ActionFile_Template: This template is used for developing the Keyword driven scripts. The file should be renamed and placed in sub-folders that group logically related action files in the Test_Scripts folder. If there are a large number of test scripts in a module (For Ex: 500), then it is recommended to store the test scripts in multiple action files (probably 5 action files and each containing 100 automated scripts) to enable easy maintenance. Note: This template is used only in the Keyword driven approach as defined in the framework.

KeywordDriven_Acti onFile_Tem plate.xls

g) KeywordDriven_ActionFile_DriverScript_Template: This QTP based Test script template is used for creating the driver script that is used for executing the Keyword driven scripts that are stored in the Action files to which the driver is associated. The name and the location of the driver script should be the same as that of the action file to which it is associated. Please refer the Instructions worksheet for more details. It is mandatory that you create one driver script for each action file that exists. Note: This template is used only in the Keyword driven approach. The inserted document is shown in text format to eliminate the need to use QTP for viewing the file content.

E:\2.CAPABILITY\ DOCUMENTS\2008\Test Autom ationFram ework\Fram ework-UserManual\ReferenceDocum ents\UpdatedDocum ents\KeywordDriven_ActionFile

Test_Documentation In this folder any documentation relevant to the Test Automation framework can be placed. The documents placed in this folder will not impact the execution of the automated scripts in any way.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 13 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

8 PROCEDURE FOR DEVELOPING SHARED TEST OBJECT REPOSITORY


The Test Automation Framework supports creation of the test repository in the format supported by QuickTest Professional (QTP). The framework also supports the use of one or more shared object repositories: Using a shared repository reduces redundancy and is strongly recommended. Object repositories in external Excel files in a customized or user-defined format are not supported. Refer the inserted document for the details on the following

How to add Test Objects to a repository Exporting the Test Objects to a Shared repository

Creating_Shared_Ob ject Repository.doc

Conventions followed in naming Test Objects used in the Shared Object Repository a) It is mandatory that the logical name of each Test object across all the Shared Object repositories be unique.

Note that if OK button is present in two separate screens, it should be named differently when it is captured and stored in the Object Repository.

b) Create and store the project-specific shared test object repositories in the Test_Object_Repositories folder. c) The required Object repository files for the test should be manually associated to the corresponding QTP test script file in the data driven approach and in case of the Keyword driven

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 14 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template approach the required repository files should be associated to the corresponding action file driver script. Note: The standard procedure as defined in QTP for creating repositories and adding objects to a shared repository is followed in the framework. Refer to the QTP help file for details on updating or merging the test object repositories using the object repository manager.

9 PROCEDURE FOR DEVELOPING TEST DATA TABLES


To create Test data sources in excel format and also the Test data tables in these sources, follow the procedure as outlined in the inserted document.

Creating Test Data Tables.doc

10 LIBRARY OF UTILITY FUNCTIONS


The Utility functions in the Framework_Utility_Functions.vbs file that is present in the Test_Libraries folder are the building blocks for developing the application specific business functions as well as the automated test scripts using either the Keyword driven or data driven approaches. It is mandatory that the details of the functions be understood before using them in developing the automated test scripts. The feature of these Utility functions is that they can be used for developing automated test scripts for testing functionality of Web based or non web based applications. Additionally, these functions can be used for developing automated scripts irrespective of whether the application is developed using Java or .NET or VB or AJAX or any other QTP supported platforms. Hence a great deal of reusability (across technologies or application types) is imbibed in these Utility functions. The utility functions in Framework_Utility_Functions.vbs can be categorized into: Common functions for automation of both Web-based and non-Web-based applications Functions for automating Web-based applications only Functions for use in the keyword-driven approach only Framework support functions

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 15 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template Common functions for automation of both Web-based and non-Web-based applications The table below lists some Utility functions that can be used for performing tasks/validations in GUI based applications. These functions can be used for developing automated scripts for testing applications that are either Web based or non Web based applications.

Function Name
Launch_Application Enter_Value_In_Edit_Field

Information on usage
Used to launch the browser or Windows-based application. Used to enter string values in default or encrypted form in Edit or Text fields of a GUI. Can also be used for entering data in the fields of terminal emulators with a character-based interface. Used on components that support the Click operation (push buttons, links, and images). Used to select or deselect a check box. Used to select or deselect a radio button. Used to select a specified value from a list of values in a drop-down list box. Used to select a value from a list of values in a drop-down combo box; selects a value that matches a partial string value that is specified as an argument. Used to compare the actual value of a property of the specified test object with its expected value. Used to close the browser or application that is being tested.

Click_Object Select_CheckBox Select_RadioButton Select_Item_From_ListBox Select_Item_From_ ComboBox Validate_Object_Property Close_Application

Functions used in Web-based applications only Some components like Web tables are specific only to the user interface of web based applications only. The framework provides the functions listed in the table below to work on tables that are present in the user interface of web based applications.

Function Name
Click_Link_In_WebTable Verify_Value_In_Table Get_Table_Row_Number Get_Table_Row_Number_Of_Ro w_Name Get_Table_Column_Number

Information on usage
Used to perform the click operation on a link in a Web table. Searches for a specified value in a Web table, and returns true if the item is found, else returns false. Returns the row number of the specified item in the Web table. Returns the row number when the name of the specified row in a Web table is passed as an argument. Returns the column number of the specified column name in the Web table.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 16 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template Functions used in Keyword driven approach only The framework supports developing automated scripts using the data driven or keyword driven approaches. The list of functions in the table below are specific only to the Keyword driven approach for developing automated scripts using the framework.

Function Name
Start_Test End_Test Start_Function End_Function Framework support functions

Information on usage
Used collectively to control the start and end section of each of the keyword-driven test scripts in the action files. It is mandatory for each keyword-driven test script to begin with Start_Test and to end with End_Test. Used collectively to control the start and end section of each of the keyword-driven functions. It is mandatory for each keyword-driven function to begin with Start_Function and to end with End_Function.

The following list of functions are used for developing the core logic in the framework and are not meant to be included (by function calls) directly in the automated test scripts that are developed.

Function Name
Set_Application_Type _Property Search_Associated _Repositories

Information on usage
Determines if the application being tested is Web-based or non-Webbased so that it can invoke the right method on specified objects. Searches for the logical name of the test object in multiple object repositories.

Please refer the inserted document for a listing of all Utility functions that exist in the Framework_Utility_Functions.vbs file.

List of Utility Functions

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 17 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

11PROCEDURE FOR DEVELOPING AUTOMATED TEST SCRIPTS


Pre-requisites: QTP version 9.2 or any higher version of the tool should be used. Any specific add-in required for the test should also be loaded on the system where QTP is installed In a non Quality center environment, Installation of the framework related artifacts should be complete on the local system. But in a Quality center environment, the same folder structure along with corresponding artifacts available on the local system after installation is complete, should be replicated and available in the required project folder in Quality center. The EDS_Automation.dll file should be moved manually to the c:\Windows\Assembly folder or c:\WinNT\Assembly folder. The required shared Object repositories should have been created and stored in the Test_Object_Repositories folder and the logical names of all the Test objects stored in the shared repositories should be Unique The required Test data sources containing test data tables should have been created and stored in the Test_Data folder by following the instructions specified in the Test_Data_Source_Template.xls file. The automated scripts should not be stored directly under the Test_Scripts folder but should be stored under sub-folders that group logically related scripts.

Developing Data driven test scripts


Please refer the inserted document for information on how to create business functions and automated test scripts using the Data driven approach as supported by the framework.

Creating Data Driven test scripts

Developing Keyword driven test scripts


Please refer the inserted document for information on how to create business functions and automated test scripts using the Keyword driven approach as supported by the framework.

Creating Keyword Driven test scripts

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 18 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

12 PROCEDURE FOR CONFIGURING TEST ENVIRONMENT


In the framework, the following files are provided to enable configuring the Test environment. a) Test_Settings.xml file: This is the default file that is provided in the environment. It is mandatory that the required variables available in the Test_Settings.xml file be updated with the values specific to the environment defined for the project irrespective of whether the Data driven or keyword driven approach is used for developing the automated scripts. be updated In the framework, the variables in the Test_Settings.xml file need to be updated as explained in the Updating the Test_Settings.xml file section. b) Test_Execution_Configuration_Template.xls: This template, available in the Test_Templates folder, is used only in the scenario where Quality center is not used and execution needs to be done on the Local systems. This is provided in the framework to enable the users to randomly select and execute automated scripts of any modules on the local system where QTP is installed by using the Test_Execution_Configuration_Template.xls file. Refer to the Instructions worksheet in the template for more details on conventions to follow in making specific entries in the Module_Selection worksheet as well as creating additional worksheets that contain a listing of the automated test scripts available in each module. The entries made in the Test_Execution_Configuration.xls file will be the inputs for the Test Driver script that will execute all the selected scripts of all the selected modules. The Test execution stops when all the selected scripts of all selected modules have been executed. Note: At least one module in the Module_Selection worksheet of the Test_Execution_Configuration.xls file needs to have the value Yes in the Execute column. In the worksheet containing the automated test scripts for the selected module at least one script should be selected for execution by providing the value Yes in the Execute column. b) KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences_Template.xls: This template, available in the Test_Templates folder, is used only in the scenario where the Keyword driven approach (as per the procedure in the framework) is followed for developing the required business functions for use in the Keyword driven scripts. When Keyword driven approach is used on the project and when one or more Keyword driven business function libraries have been created using the template KeywordDriven_BusinessFunctions_Template.xls, and stored in the Test_Libraries folder, the KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences_Template.xls should be copied to the Test_Configuration folder and renamed to KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences.xls. After renaming of the template is complete, follow the conventions in the Instructions worksheet of this template for mapping the Business function names and the Library files in which they are located. This is done so that the Action File driver script can locate the library function file and execute the steps of the specific function that is referenced in the Keyword driven script available in the Action file to which the driver script is mapped.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 19 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template It is mandatory that all the Keyword driven functions that have been created for use in the keyword driven scripts be referenced in the KeywordDriven_FunctionReferences.xls file. Else there will be runtime error as the Action file driver script will not be able to locate and execute the steps of the corresponding keyword driven business function.

13 PROCEDURE FOR EXECUTING AUTOMATED TEST SCRIPTS


Pre-requisites The required variables in the Test_Settings file should have been updated to reflect the actual Test environment. In case Quality center is used, the required Test sets comprising the automated test scripts for execution should exist in the Test Lab module in Quality center. In case Keyword driven scripts exist, the driver scripts of the action files should be added to the test set. In case Quality center is no used, the Execute columns in the Module_Selection and the additional worksheets worksheet present in Test_Execution_Configuration.xls file should have been updated to indicate the scripts of which module should be selected for execution when the test is initiated by using the DriverScript.vbs file available in the Test_Drivers folder.

Procedure In a Non Quality center environment For initiating execution of scripts created using either the data-driven or keyword-driven approach on the local system, the script file named DriverScript.vbs is used. User can initiate the execution by double clicking on the DriverScript.vbs file. Using the information on the Module_Selection worksheet of the Test_Execution_Configuration.xls, the driver identifies all the modules whose scripts need to be executed by referencing the value Yes in the Execute column. For each of the selected modules, the driver identifies the worksheet with the same name as the module name and executes all the scripts that have been marked for selection by referencing the value Yes in the Execute column. The execution stops when all selected scripts of all selected modules have been executed.

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 20 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

Creation of Result Logs When execution is initiated on the local system using the test driver script: In the Test_Result_Log folder, a sub-folder named with the date-time stamp of when the execution was initiated is created. Under the date-time stamp folder, a sub-folder with the name of the module listed in the Module_Name column of the Module_Selection worksheet is created. For each of the automated scripts of the module that are selected for execution, corresponding sub-folders are created where the QTP-generated result files are stored.

For each cycle of execution, folders with names corresponding to the various date-time stamps are created for the result logs.

Date-time stamp Module name

Script names

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 21 of 22

MS Word Portrait Template

. In a Quality center environment


For initiating execution of scripts created using either the data-driven or keyword-driven approach on the local system, follow the standard procedure for executing test scripts from the Test sets created in the Test Lab module of Quality Center. After execution is complete, the default result file for each Test script will be created and this can be accessed from Quality center.

Note: The Test_Result_Logs folder will not contain any results when the execution is initiated from Quality Center.

14 KNOWN LIMITATIONS
The framework is developed by using QuickTest professional tool and does not support development of automated test scripts using any other Test automation tool like SilkTest or TestPartner or Selenium etc. The framework supports functional Test automation using QuickTest professional tool version 9.2 or higher only. The framework has not been tested on SAP or Oracle based applications due to lack of availability of these applications. But the assumption is that by using the appropriate add-ins, the existing Utility functions provided in the framework can be used for developing the automated test scripts on all QTP supported platforms.

15 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The following resources have contributed to the design and development of the framework. Meena Puttaraju Girish S Mohamed Yehia Vijay Raghavendra Ashok Reddy

Saved 5 November, 2008 EDS Internal Copyright 2008, Electronic Data Systems Corporation. All rights reserved.

Page 22 of 22

Оценить