Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 93

APPENDIX A

A.
TABLE
0:
1:
2:
3:
4A:
4B:
4C:
5A:
5B:
5C:
6A:
6B:
6C:
6D:
6E:
6F1:
6F2:
7:
8:
9:
10:
11:
12:
13:
14:
15:
16:
17:
18:
19:
20A:
20B:
21:
22:
23A:
23B:
24A:
24B:
25A:
25B:
26A:
26B:
27A:
27B:

TABLES

Contents
Units, conversions.
Molecular weights, critical and other properties of selected elements
and compounds.
Triple points of several substances (solid, liquid and vapor phase).
LennardJones parameters.
Properties of saturated water (liquidvapor): temperature.
Properties of saturated water (liquidvapor): pressure.
Properties of superheated water vapor.
Properties of saturated refrigerant 134a (liquidvapor): temperature.
Properties of saturated refrigerant 134a (liquidvapor): pressure.
Properties of superheated refrigerant 134a vapor.
Properties of selected solids at 25C.
Properties of some liquids at 25C.
Properties of various ideal gases at 25C, 100 kPa (SI units).
Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of liquids.
Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of solids.
Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of gases.
Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of gases.
Ideal gas properties of air.
Ideal gas properties of carbon monoxide.
Ideal gas properties of carbon dioxide.
Ideal gas properties of hydrogen atoms.
Ideal gas properties of molecular hydrogen.
Ideal gas properties of water.
Ideal gas properties of nitrogen atoms.
Ideal gas properties of nitric oxide.
Ideal gas properties of nitrogen dioxide.
Ideal gas properties of molecular nitrogen.
Ideal gas properties of oxygen atoms.
Ideal gas properties of hydroxyl, OH.
Ideal gas properties of molecular oxygen.
Constants for the BenedictWebbRubin.
Constants for the Beatie Bridgemann equation.
LeeKessler constants.
Pitzer generalized saturation data.
LeeKessler values for z (0) (Tr, Pr).
LeeKessler values for z (1) (Tr, Pr).
l
LeeKessler residual enthalpy values for ((h h)(0)/ (RT)).
LeeKessler residual enthalpy values for ((h* h)(1)/ (RT)).
LeeKessler residual entropy values for ((s* s)(0)/ (RT)).
LeeKessler residual entropy values for ((s* s)(1)/ (RT)).
LeeKessler fugacity coefficient values for (log10 f/p)(0).
LeeKessler residual fugacity coefficient values for (f (1)/P).
Values of the enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation,
absolute entropy, and enthalpy of vaporization at 25C and 1 atm.
Values of enthalpy of combustion, Gibbs free energy change, entropy
change and chemical availability in dry air during the combustion of
fuels at standard temperature To = 25oC, and pressure Po = 1 atm.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

27C:

28A:

28B:

Values of the adiabatic flame temperature, entropy generation at 298


K, and the composition of some of the product gases during the combustion of various hydrocarbons in a perfectly insulated steady state
burner.
Values of the constants Ak and Bk for the reaction mechanisms of the
formation of various substances in idealgas states at standard pressure Po = 1 atm, for use in the approximate expression.
Values of log10 K.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 0: UNITS, CONVERSIONS


Other Conversions
lbf
1 atm = 14.696
= 1.0133 bar
in.2
1 atm = 1.013 bar

Unit

1 Bbl = 42 gal = 5.615 ft 3


1 Bbl = 158.98L
1 BTU = 778.17 lbf ft = 1.0551kJ
lbm ft 2
s2
1 ft = 12 in = 0.3048 m
1 BTU = 25, 037

1 gal = 231 in 3 = 0.1337 ft 3


1 gal = 3.785L
1 hp = 0.7064 Btu / s = 0.746 kW
lbm ft
1 lbf = 32.174
s2
1 mile = 5280 ft = 1609 m
lbf
lbf
1 psi = 1
2 = 144
ft 2
in.
1 psi = 6.894 kPa

Multiplier

Prefix

Symbol

tera

10

giga

10

mega

10

kilo

10

hecta

10

deca

da

10

deci

10

centi

10

milli

10

micro

109

nano

12

pico

15

femto

18

atto

10
10
10

2002 by CRC Press LLC

BTU
day
R
ft
gal
hour
hp
inch
lbf
lbm
liter
mile
minute
mm hg
psi

12

10

acre
Angstrom
atmosphere
bar

SI units
4046.9
1.0x10-10
101325
1105

m2
m
Pa
Pa

1055.1
86400
0.555556
0.3048
3.7854103

J
s
K
m
m3

3600
745.70
0.0254
4.4482
0.45359
0.001
1609.3
60
133.32
6894.8

s
W
m
N
kg
m3
m
s
Pa
Pa

Others
1 short ton = 2000 lb
1 metric ton = 1000 kg
1 long ton = 2240 lb
1 lb = 7000 grains
gc = 32.174 lbm ft /s2 lbf
J = 778.14 ft lbf/ BTU
One (food) calorie = 1000calories or 1 kcal
T(K) = T(oC) + 273.15
T(oR) = T(oF) + 459.67
Navag = 6.02310 26 molecules/kmol for a molecular substance (e.g., oxygen)
= 6.02310 26 atoms/atom mole for an atomic substance (e.g., He)
kB, Boltzmann Constant =1.38x10-26 kJ/molecule K
hP , Plancks constant = 6626x10-37kJ-s/molecule
c, Speed of light in vacuum = 2.998x108 m/s.
Ideal Gas Law
Pv = RT; PV = m R T; PV = nRT, Pv = R T ,
kPa m3
bar m3
R = 8.314
= 0.08314
k mole K
k mole K
ftlbf
Btu
= 0.7299 atm ft3/lb mole R
= 1545
= 1.986
lbmoleo R
lbmoleo R
Volume of 1 kmol (SI) and 1 lb mole (English) of an ideal gas at STP conditions as defined
below:
STP:25C (77F), 101 kPa
(14.7 psia)
24.5 m3/kmol, 392 ft3/lb
mole

2002 by CRC Press LLC

STP: 15C (60F), 101kPa


(14.7) psia
23.7 m3/kmol, 375.6 ft3/lb
mole

STP: 0C (32F), 101 kPa


(14.7 psia)
22.4 m3/kmol, 359.2 ft3/lb
mole

TABLE 1: Molecular weights, critical and other properties of selected elements and compounds
TMP: Temperature of melting or freezing point, TBP: temperature of normal boiling points, hsf: heat of melting, hfg: heat of evaporation, w:
Pitzer factor
Substance

Acetic acid
Acetone
Acetylene
Air
Ammonia
Aniline
Argon
Benzene
Bromine
Butanen
Butanol
Carbon dioxide
Carbon disulfide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorine
Chloroform
Cyanogen
Cyclopentane
Decanen
Ethane
Ethanol
Ether(diethyl)
Ethyl benzene
Ethyl chloride
Ethylene
Ethylene Glycol
Fluorine

Formulae

Tc

Pc

bar

zc

vc

m3/kmol

TMP

TBP

hsf

hfg

a , RK

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

(bar
m6K0.5)/
kmol2

195.4 394.6
98.0 501.7
144.6 653.6

0.0739
0.0779
0.0362
0.0254
0.0259
0.0093
0.0223
0.0828
0.0408
0.0806
0.0918
0.0297
0.0503
0.0274

0.0879 19.7976 0.12681

C2 H4 O2
60.06 594.4 57.9 0.200 0.171
CH3COCH3 58.08 508.1
47 0.233 0.209
C2 H2
26.04 308.8 61.4 0.270 0.113
28.97
133 37.7 0.283 0.0829
NH3
17.03 405.6 112.8 0.243 0.0725
C6 H7 N
93.14
699 540
Ar
39.95 150.8 48.7 0.291 0.0749
C6 H6
78.11 562.1 48.9 0.271 0.259
Br2
159.81
584 103 0.269 0.127
C4H10
58.12 425.2
38 0.274 0.255
C3H9OH
62.13 562.95 44.18
CO2
44.01 304.2 73.8 0.274 0.094
CS2
76.13
552
79 0.293
0.17
CO
44.01 132.9
35 0.295 0.0931

0.462
0.306
0.190

289.8
178.2
189.2

0.250
0.001
0.212
0.108
0.199

195.4
266.9
83.8
278.7
265.9
134.8

0.239
0.115
0.066

194.7
162.0
68.1

391.1
329.4
189.2
78.7
239.7
457.6
87.3
353.3
332
272.6
390.9
194.7
319.4
81.7

CCl4
Cl2
CHCl3
C2 N2
C5H10
C10H22
C2 H6
C2H5OH
C4H10O
C2H5Cl
C2 H4
F2

2002 by CRC Press LLC

153.8
70.9
119.37
52.04
70.13
142.3
30.54
46.07
74.14
106.2
64.51
28.05
62.07
38

29.9

215.8

439.62
365.87
80.65
15.99
86.79
70.69
16.94
452.67
236.46
289.90
502.93
64.62
267.78
17.19

332.4 1371.8
30.4 163.5
126.0 394.1
80.2

387.1

196.6 347.6

556.4 45.6 0.272

0.276

0.193

250.3

349.9

16.5

194.0

473.22

417
536.4
400
511.8
619
305.4
516.2
466.7
617.2
460.4
282.4
645.1
144

0.276
0.295

0.124
0.239

0.073
0.216

288.2
249.0

0.2583
0.6031
0.1483
0.1671
0.28
0.3738
0.2
0.1304
0.191
0.0662

0.194
0.484
0.099
0.644
0.281
0.304
0.191
0.089
1.136
0.054

238.7
334.3
251.98
322.4
447.0
184.5
351.5
307.6
409.4
285.4
169.4
469.1
85.0

90.4
79.9

0.273
0.249
0.285
0.248
0.263
0.263
0.275
0.280
0.268
0.314

171.5
209.6
238.75
179.3
243.5
89.9
159.1
155.4
178.2
136.8
104.0
260.2
53.5

8.7
201.8
95.1
107.9
98.5
86.5
69.0
119.5
187.3

388.7
281.2
489.4
841.6
365.4
338.1
383.7
483.1
845.7
171.9

136.08
358.03
158.13
388.96
1326.88
98.70
280.40
381.99
774.88
255.07
78.58
414.79
12.95

77.11
55
59.8
45.02
21.23
48.8
63.8
36.4
36.09
52.69
50.4
75.3
56.8

b , RK a , VW b , VW
m3/kmol (bar m6)/
kmol2

0.0390
0.0703
0.0482
0.0819
0.2100
0.0451
0.0583
0.0924
0.1232
0.0629
0.0404
0.0617
0.0183

17.7944
16.0179
4.52887
1.36825
4.25295
2.63854
1.36169
18.8418
9.65589
13.8742
20.9179
3.6565
11.2475
1.47159

6.57605
15.2552
7.8023
16.9668
52.6302
5.57342
12.1792
17.4493
30.78
11.7313
4.61427
16.1162
1.06459

m3/kmol

0.10669
0.11235
0.05227
0.03666
0.03737
0.01345
0.03218
0.11946
0.05892
0.11629
0.13242
0.04284
0.07262
0.03946

0.0562
0.10136
0.06952
0.11814
0.30301
0.06504
0.08408
0.13325
0.17773
0.09081
0.05823
0.08903
0.02635

Substance

Freon 114
Freon 12
Freon 13
Freon 152a
Freon 21
Freon 22
Freon123
Freon134a
Freon141
Freon142b
Glycol1,2 Propylene
GlycolEthylene
Helium
Heptanen
Hexadecane
(cetane)
Hexanen
HFC125
HFC32
Hydrogen
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen sulfide
Iodine
Isobutane
Isohexane
Isooctane
Isopentane
Isopropanol
Krypton
Mercury
Methane
Methanol

Formulae

C2Cl2F4
CCl2F2
CClF3
CHF2CH3
CHCl2F
CHClF2
CHCl2CF3
CF3CH2F
CH3CCl2F
CH3CClF2
C3 H8 O2
C2 H6 O2
He
C7H16
C16H34
C6H14
CHF2CF3
CH2F2
H2
HCl
H2 S
I2
C4H10
C6H14
C8H18
C5H12
C3H7OH
Kr
Hg
CH4
CH3OH

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TMP

TBP

hsf

hfg

a , RK

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

(bar
m6K0.5)/
kmol2

179.3
115.4
92.0

276.9
243.4
191.7

34.3

136.2
165.2
148.5

138.0
113.0

282.0
232.4

242.4
233.7

0.282
0.327
0.215
0.250
1.106

213.2

460.8

715.9

325.55
208.60
119.48
191.87
247.71
155.41
359.29
197.15
331.12
237.09
474.97

0.0926
0.0673
0.0555
0.0616
0.0629
0.0534
0.0897
0.0664
0.0764
0.0695
0.0739

15.6966
10.4913
6.78472
11.5033
7.98175
16.5875
10.0574
14.8916
11.551
9.63251
18.7337

0.13354
0.09711
0.08006
0.09078
0.07705
0.12938
0.09579
0.11022
0.10033
0.08884
0.10665

0.268 0.191 1.136


0.301 0.0573 0.365
0.264 0.432 0.349
0.220
0.93 0.747

260.2
1.8
182
291

470.5
4.3
371.7
559.8

187.3 845.7
125.0 20.8
140.3 316.7
235.7 232.0

414.79
0.08
731.46
2902.75

0.0617
0.0165
0.1420
0.3658

16.1162
0.03474
31.0572
106.711

0.08903
0.02381
0.20489
0.52775

507.4 29.7 0.260


0.37 0.299
339.2 35.95
0.302
351.6 58.3
0.276
33.2
13 0.307 0.0651 0.218
324.6
83 0.249 0.081 0.132

178

14.0
159.0

341.0 151.8 337.9


225.1
222.2
20.4 58.2 448.6
188.1 54.7 443.2

577.00
174.18
117.49
1.44
67.58

0.1231
0.0680
0.0434
0.0184
0.0282

25.2783
9.3329
6.18348
0.24725
3.70188

0.17755
0.09806
0.06268
0.02654
0.04064

373.2 89.4 0.284 0.0985

187.7

213.7

386.5

457.5
260.9
330.9
372.4
300.9
355.4
120.9
629.0
111.7
337.8

Pc

bar

m3/kmol

170.92
120.91
104.46
66.06
102.92
86.47
152.93
102.04
116.95
100.5
76.1

418.9
385
302
386.4
451.6
369.2
456.9
374.2
481.5
410.3
626

32.6
41.2
39.2
45.2
51.7
49.8
36.7
40.6
45.4
42.5
61

0.274 0.293
0.279 0.217
0.281
0.18
0.253 0.1795
0.271 0.197
0.268 0.165
0.269 0.2781
0.258 0.198
0.286 0.252
0.288 0.231
0.280 0.239

62.07
4
100.2
226.4

645.1
5.2
540.2
720.6

75.3
2.27
27.4
14.19

86.18
120.03
52.03
2.02
36.47
34.08

zc

vc

Tc

253.8 785.15 117.5


58.12 408.1 36.5 0.283 0.2627
86.18 497.45 30.4
114.2 543.9 25.6 0.265 0.468
72.15 460.4 33.8 0.270 0.306
60.1 508.3 47.64 0.248 0.2201
83.8 209.4
55 0.292 0.0924
200.59 1733 1077
16.04 190.6
46 0.288 0.0992
32.04 512.6
81 0.224 0.118

0.256
0.176
0.275

0.177
165.8
0.227
0.669
0.005
0.011
0.556

184.7
104.3
233.8
90.7
175.5

69.7

554.3

78.1

368.2

79.2

271.6

90.0

663.4

11.4
58.7 510.2
99.2 1101.0

88.94
434.25
272.38
536.50
796.37
397.63
361.31
34.09
343.03
32.22
217.03

b , RK a , VW b , VW
m3/kmol (bar m6)/
kmol2

m3/kmol

0.0301 4.54307 0.04338


0.0481
0.0805
0.1179
0.1530
0.0981
0.0769
0.0274
0.0116
0.0298
0.0456

15.2937
13.3059
23.738
33.6978
18.2876
15.8151
2.32485
8.13177
2.30299
9.45967

0.06942
0.1162
0.17006
0.2208
0.14156
0.11088
0.03957
0.01672
0.04306
0.06577

Substance

Methyl Chloride
Methylene chloride
Naphthlene
Neon
Neopentane
Nitric Oxide
Nitrogen
Nitrogen dioxide
Nirous oxide
Nonane
Octanen
Octene
Oxygen
Ozone
Pentanen
Propane
Propanol
Propylene
Propyne
Sodium
hydroxide
Styrene
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide
Sulfuric acid
Toluene
Water
Xenon
Xylenep

Formulae

Tc

Pc

bar

zc

vc

CH3Cl
CH2Cl2

50.49
84.93

416.3 66.8 0.268 0.1389


416.3 66.8 0.372 0.193

C10H8
Ne
C5H12
NO
N2
NO2

128.2
20.18
72.17
30.01
28.02
46.01

748.4
44.4
433.8
180
126.2
431.4

N2 O
C9H20
C8H18
C8H16
O2
O3
C5H12
C3 H8
C3H7OH
C3 H6
C3 H4
NaOH
C8 H8
SO2
SO3
H2SO4
C7 H8
H2 O
Xe
C8H10

2002 by CRC Press LLC

40.5
27.6
32
65
33.9
101.3

647.6
430.8
490.9
925
591.7
647.3
289.7
616.3

39.99
78.8
82.07
40.66
41.1
220.9
58.4
35.11

TMP

TBP

hsf

hfg

a , RK

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

(bar
m6K0.5)/
kmol2

156.42
156.42

0.153
0.192

175.4
178.1

249.3 129.7 426.8


313.0 54.2 329.8

0.267
0.41
0.312 0.0417 0.029
0.269 0.303 0.197
0.252 0.058 0.588
0.289 0.0895 0.039
0.480
0.17 0.834

353.5
24.5
253.2
109.5
63.3
261.9

491.1
27.0
282.6
121.4
77.4
294.3

182.3
219.7
216.4
171.5
54.4
80.5
143.4
85.5
147.0
87.9
170.5
596.0

184.7
423.7
398.8
394.2
90.2
161.3
309.0
231.1
370.4
225.4
250
1830.0

242.5
290.0
290.0
197.0
178.2
273.2
133.2
286.5

418.3
263.2
317.9
610.0
383.8
373.2

44.01 309.6 72.4 0.274 0.0974


128.3
595 22.73 0.252 0.5477
114.2 568.8 24.8 0.258 0.492
112.24 578.15 25.84
32 154.6 50.5 0.288 0.0734
48
261 53.7 0.220 0.0889
72.15 469.6 33.7 0.262 0.304
44.1 369.8 42.5 0.281 0.203
60.1 536.7 51.7 0.253 0.2185
42.08
365 46.2 0.276 0.181
40.065 402.4 56.3 0.276 0.164
40 2815 253.3 0.216
0.2
104.2
64.06
80.06
98.08
92.14
18.02
131.3
106.2

m3/kmol

0.261
0.268
0.256
0.159
0.264
0.230
0.288
0.260

0.3518
0.122
0.1271
0.3
0.3158
0.056
0.1186
0.3791

0.165
0.437
0.398

0.251
0.153
0.628
0.148
0.215
1.015
0.234
0.256
0.422

0.344
0.008

44.7
16.0

337.8
91.3

76.7
25.7

460.5
199.2
414.5

148.7 376.2
120.6 293.8
181.6 301.5
13.9
1163.3
79.9
86.5
71.4

213.3
232.9
360.2
426.0
688.5
437.8

165.3
105.1
115.5
24.6
109.2
72.0
333.7

351.4
385.4
502.5
510.9
364.7
2258.3

411.5 161.1 337.3

b , RK a , VW b , VW
m3/kmol (bar m6)/
kmol2

m3/kmol

0.0449 7.56554 0.06477


0.0449 7.56554 0.06477

1117.98
1.41
361.93
19.76
15.60
112.76

0.1331
0.0116
0.0976
0.0199
0.0268
0.0307

40.3289
0.20829
17.1488
1.45357
1.37001
5.35741

0.19204
0.01672
0.14088
0.02878
0.03869
0.04426

68.84
1122.66
919.40
919.13
17.39
60.56
419.03
182.85
381.41
162.80
170.49
4904.56

0.0308
0.1886
0.1652
0.1612
0.0221
0.0350
0.1004
0.0627
0.0748
0.0569
0.0515
0.0800

3.86071
45.4191
38.0427
37.723
1.38017
3.69922
19.0823
9.38315
16.2471
8.40906
8.38709
912.238

0.04444
0.27204
0.23836
0.23253
0.03182
0.05051
0.14482
0.09043
0.10789
0.08211
0.07428
1.1549

788.63
144.45
192.24
1891.22
612.31
142.60
72.28
793.61

0.1166
0.0394
0.0431
0.1639
0.1037
0.0211
0.0357
0.1264

30.582
6.86798
8.5626
61.3649
24.8408
5.5312
4.19071
31.5469

0.1683
0.05682
0.06216
0.23643
0.14962
0.03045
0.05155
0.18242

TABLE 2: Triple Points of several substances (solid, liquid and vapor phase).
Substance
Acetylene
Ammonia
Argon
Carbon
Carbon dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Deuterium
Ethane
Ethylene
Heavy water
Helium
Hydrogen
Hydrogen bromide
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen cyanide
Hydrogen sulfide
Krypton
Mercury
Methane
Neon
Nitric oxide
Nitrogen
Nitrous oxide
Oxygen
Palladium
Phosphorous
Platinum
Silicon tetrafluoride
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur hexafluoride
Titanium
Uranium Hexafluoride
Water
Xenon
Zinc

T, K
192.4
195.40
83.81
3900
216.55
68.10
18.63
89.89
104.00
272.04
none
13.84
186.29
158.96
259.91
187.66
115.6
234.28
90.68
24.57
109.50
63.18
182.34
54.363
1825
139.38
2045
182.9
197.69
222.5
1941
337.17
273.16
161.3
692.65

P, mm Hg
900
45.57
516.8
75710
3885.1
115.3
128.0
0.006
0.9
4.528
None
52.8
244
104
140.4
173.9
53
2.3 x 106
87.7
324
164.4
94.3
658.9
1.14
0.0262
27.33
1.5 X 104
1320
1.256
1700
0.0397
1137
4.587
611
0.487

Source: NBS (US) Cir. 500 (1952) and Kestin, J., A Course in Thermodynamics, Hemisphere
Publishing Corporation, Washington, 1979.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 3: LennardJones Parameters


If data are not found, use the approximate formulae: /kB = 0.77 Tc, 1.15 TBP , 1.9 TMP , TBP
boiling point in K, TMP melting point in K. (nm) = 0.841 v c1/3 ( m3/kmol), 1.166 v b1/3, 1.122
v m1/3. v c, v b , v m specific volumes respectively, critical, boiling, and melting. The first set
is from viscosity data and the second from second virial coefficient data.
Species

Molecular weight /kB, K

Air
Ar
Br
Br2
C12
C2H2
C2H4
C2H6
C2N2
C3H8
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C6H6
C8H18
CCl4
CH
CH2Cl2
CH3Cl
CH4
CHCl3
Cl
CN
CO
CO2
COS
CS2
C6H12
(cyclo)
F
F2
H
H2
H2O
HBr
HCI
HCN
He
HF
I2
N
N2

2002 by CRC Press LLC

, nm

/kB, K

, nm

bo*, m3/kmol 103

28.964
0.039948
0.079916
0.159832
0.070906
26.038
28.054
30.07
52.04
44.09
58.12
72.15
86.17
78.11
114.22
153.84
13.009
84.94
50.49
16.043
119.39
0.035453
0.026018
28.011
44.010
60.08
76.14
84.16

78.6
93.3
236.6
507.9
316.0
231.8
224.7
230
339
254
313
345
413
440
320
327
68.6
406
855
148.6
327
130.8
75.0
91.7
195.2
335
488
324

0.3711
0.3542
0.3672
0.4296
0.4217
0.4033
0.4163
0.4418
0.438
0.5061
0.5341
0.5769
0.5909
0.5270
0.7451
0.5881
0.3370
0.4759
0.3375
0.3758
0.543
0.3613
0.3856
0.3690
0.3941
0.413
0.4438
0.6093

99.2
119.8

199.2

148.2

100.2
189.0

0.3522
0.3405

0.4523

0.3817

0.3763
0.4486

55.11
49.80

116.7

70.16

67.22
113.9

0.018999
0.037998
1.008
2.016
18.016
0.080924
0.036465
0.027026
0.004003
0.020006
0.025382
14.007
28.013

112.6
112.6
37.0
59.7
809.1
449.0
344.7
569.1
10.22
330.0
550
71.4
71.4

0.2986
0.3357
0.2708
0.2827
0.2641
0.3353
0.3339
0.3630
0.2551
0.3148
0.4982
0.3298
0.3798

29.2

10.22

95.05

0.287

0.2556

0.3698

29.76

21.07

63.78

Species

Molecular weight /kB, K

, nm

/kB, K

, nm

bo*, m3/kmol 103

N2O
Ne
NH

44.016
0.020179
15.015

232.4
32.8
65.3

0.3828
0.2820
0.3312

189.0
35.60

0.459
0.2749

122.0
26.21

NH3
NO
O
O2
OH
SO2
Xe

17.031
30.008
16.000
31.999
17.008
0.06407
0.01313

558.3
116.7
106.7
106.7
79.8
252
229

0.2900
0.3492
0.3050
0.3467
0.3147
0.4290
0.4055

131.0

117.5

0.317

0.358

40.0

57.75

b0 = (2/3) 3 Navag*1027 m3/kmol. It is suggested that the viscosity data be used exclusively
for transport coefficient calculations and that the second virial coefficient be used exclusively
for equation of state calculations.
Data taken from R. A. Svehla, NASA Tech. Report R132, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio (1962). Part of data and tables taken from J. 0. Hirshfelder, C. F. Curtis, and R. B.
Bird. Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, Wiley, New York (1954). (With permission.)

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 4A: Properties of saturated water (liquidvapor): temperature table


Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp Sat. press.
T,C

Psat, MPa

Sat. liquid
vf

Sat.
vapor
vg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
uf

Evap.
ufg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
vapor
ug

Sat.
liquid
hf

Evap.
hfg

Sat.
vapor
hg

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat.
Evap.
Sat.
liquid
vapor
sf
sfg
sg

0.01 0.0006113 0.001000


5 0.0008721 0.001000

206.14
147.12

0.0 2375.3 2375.3


20.97 2361.3 2382.3

0.01 2501.3 2501.4 0.000 9.1562


20.98 2489.6 2510.6 0.0761 8.9496

9.1562
9.0257

10 0.0012276 0.001000

106.38

42.00 2347.2 2389.2

42.01 2477.7 2519.8 0.1510 8.7498

8.9008

15 0.0017051 0.001001

77.93

62.99 2333.1 2396.1

62.99 2465.9 2528.9 0.2245 8.5569

8.7814

20

0.002339 0.001002

57.79

83.95 2319.0 2402.9

83.96 2454.1 2538.1 0.2966 8.3706

8.6672

25

0.003169 0.001003

43.36

104.88 2304.9 2409.8

104.89 2442.3 2547.2 0.3674 8.1905

8.5580

30

0.004246 0.001004

32.89

125.78 2290.8 2416.6

125.79 2430.5 2556.3 0.4369 8.0164

8.4533

35

0.005628 0.001006

25.22

146.67 2276.7 2423.4

146.68 2418.6 2565.3 0.5053 7.8478

8.3531

40

0.007384 0.001008

19.52

167.56 2262.6 2430.1

167.57 2406.7 2574.3 0.5725 7.6845

8.2570

45

0.009593 0.001010

15.26

188.44 2248.4 2436.8

188.45 2394.8 2583.2 0.6387 7.5261

8.1648

50

0.012349 0.001012

12.03

209.32 2234.2 2443.5

209.33 2382.7 2592.1 0.7038 7.3725

8.0763

55

0.015758 0.001015

9.568

230.21 2219.9 2450.1

230.23 2370.7 2600.9 0.7679 7.2234

7.9913

60

0.019940 0.001017

7.671

251.11 2205.5 2456.6

251.13 2358.5 2609.6 0.8312 7.0784

7.9096

65

0.02503 0.001020

6.197

272.02 2191.1 2463.1

272.06 2346.2 2618.3 0.8935 6.9375

7.8310

70

0.03119 0.001023

5.042

292.95 2176.6 2469.6

292.98 2333.8 2626.8 0.9549 6.8004

7.7553

75

0.03858 0.001026

4.131

313.90 2162.0 2475.9

313.93 2321.4 2635.3 1.0155 6.6669

7.6824

80

0.04739 0.001029

3.407

334.86 2147.4 2482.2

334.91 2308.8 2643.7 1.0753 6.5369

7.6122

85

0.05783 0.001033

2.828

355.84 2132.6 2488.4

355.90 2296.0 2651.9 1.1343 6.4102

7.5445

90

0.07014 0.001036

2.361

376.85 2117.7 2494.5

376.92 2283.2 2660.1 1.1925 6.2866

7.4791

95

0.08455 0.001040

1.982

397.88 2102.7 2500.6

397.96 2270.2 2668.1 1.2500 6.1659

7.4159

100

0.10135 0.001044

1.6729

418.94 2087.6 2506.5

419.04 2257.0 2676.1 1.3069 6.0480

7.3549

105

0.12082 0.001048

1.4194

440.02 2072.3 2512.4

440.15 2243.7 2683.8 1.3630 5.9328

7.2958

110

0.14327 0.001052

1.2102

461.14 2057.0 2518.1

461.30 2230.2 2691.5 1.4185 5.8202

7.2387

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp
T,C

Sat. press. Sat. liquid


Psat, MPa
vf

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Sat.
vapor
vg

Sat.
liquid
uf

Evap.
ufg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
vapor
ug

Sat.
liquid
hf

Evap.
hfg

Sat.
vapor
hg

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat.
Evap.
Sat.
liquid
vapor
sf
sfg
sg

115
120

0.16906 0.001056
0.19853 0.001060

1.0366
0.8919

482.30 2041.4 2523.7


503.50 2025.8 2529.3

482.48 2216.5 2699.0 1.4734 5.7100


503.71 2202.6 2706.3 1.5276 5.6020

7.1833
7.1296

125

0.2321 0.001065

0.7706

524.74 2009.9 2534.6

524.99 2188.5 2713.5 1.5813 5.4962

7.0775

130

0.2701 0.001070

0.6685

546.02 1993.9 2539.9

546.31 2174.2 2720.5 1.6344 5.3925

7.0269

135

0.3130 0.001075

0.5822

567.35 1977.7 2545.0

567.69 2159.6 2727.3 1.6870 5.2907

6.9777

140

0.3613 0.001080

0.5089

588.74 1961.3 2550.0

589.13 2144.7 2733.9 1.7391 5.1908

6.9299

145

0.4154 0.001085

0.4463

610.18 1944.7 2554.9

610.63 2129.6 2740.3 1.7907 5.0926

6.8833

150

0.4758 0.001091

0.3928

631.68 1927.9 2559.5

632.20 2114.3 2746.5 1.8418 4.9960

6.8379

155

0.5431 0.001096

0.3468

653.24 1910.8 2564.1

653.84 2098.6 2752.4 1.8925 4.9010

6.7935

160

0.6178 0.001102

0.3071

674.87 1893.5 2568.4

675.55 2082.6 2758.1 1.9427 4.8075

6.7502

165

0.7005 0.001108

0.2727

696.56 1876.0 2572.5

697.34 2066.2 2763.5 1.9925 4.7153

6.7078

170

0.7917 0.001114

0.2428

718.33 1858.1 2576.5

719.21 2049.5 2768.7 2.0419 4.6244

6.6663

175

0.8920 0.001121

0.2168

740.17 1840.0 2580.2

741.17 2032.4 2773.6 2.0909 4.5347

6.6256

180

1.0021 0.001127 0.19405

762.09 1821.6 2583.7

763.22 2015.0 2778.2 2.1396 4.4461

6.5857

185

1.1227 0.001134 0.17409

784.10 1802.9 2587.0

785.37 1997.1 2782.4 2.1879 4.3586

6.5465

190

1.2544 0.001141 0.15654

806.19 1783.8 2590.0

807.62 1978.8 2786.4 2.2359 4.2720

6.5079

195

1.3978 0.001149 0.14105

828.37 1764.4 2592.8

829.98 1960.0 2790.0 2.2835 4.1863

6.4698

200

1.5538 0.001157 0.12736

850.65 1744.7 2595.3

852.45 1940.7 2793.2 2.3309 4.1014

6.432

205

1.7230 0.001164 0.11521

873.04 1724.5 2597.5

875.04 1921.0 2796.0 2.3780 4.0172

6.3952

210

1.9062 0.001173 0.10441

895.53 1703.9 2599.5

897.76 1900.7 2798.5 2.4248 3.9337

6.3585

215

2.104 0.001181 0.09479

918.14 1682.9 2601.1

920.62 1879.9 2800.5 2.4714 3.8507

6.3221

220

2.318 0.001190 0.08619

940.87 1661.5 2602.4

943.62 1858.5 2802.1 2.5178 3.7683

6.2861

225

2.548 0.001199 0.07849

963.73 1639.6 2603.3

966.78 1836.5 2803.3 2.5639 3.6863

6.2503

230

2.795 0.001209 0.07158

986.74 1617.2 2603.9

990.12 1813.8 2804.0 2.6099 3.6047

6.2146

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp

Sat. press.

T,C

Psat, MPa

Sat. liquid
vf

Sat.
vapor
vg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
uf

Evap.
ufg

Sat.
vapor
ug

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
hf

Evap.
hfg

Sat.
vapor
hg

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat.
Evap.
Sat.
liquid
vapor
sf
sfg
sg

235

3.060 0.001219 0.06537 1009.89 1594.2 2604.1 1013.62 1790.5 2804.2 2.6558 3.5233

6.1791

240

3.344 0.001229 0.05976 1033.21 1570.8 2604.0 1037.32 1766.5 2803.8 2.7015 3.4422

6.1437

245

3.648 0.001240 0.05471 1056.71 1546.7 2603.4 1061.23 1741.7 2803.0 2.7472 3.3612

6.1083

250

3.973 0.001251 0.05013 1080.39 1522.0 2602.4 1085.36 1716.2 2801.5 2.7927 3.2802

6.0730

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE4A: Saturated water temperature table (continued)


TC
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295
300
305
310
315
320
330
340
350
360
370
374.14

Psat, MPa
4.319
4.688
5.081
5.499
5.942
6.412
6.909
7.436
7.993
8.581
9.202
9.856
10.547
11.274
12.845
14.586
16.513
18.651
21.03
22.09

vf
0.001263
0.001276
0.001289
0.001302
0.001317
0.001332
0.001348
0.001366
0.001384
0.001404
0.001425
0.001447
0.001472
0.001499
0.001561
0.001638
0.001740
0.001893
0.002213
0.003155

vg
0.04598
0.04221
0.03877
0.03564
0.03279
0.03017
0.02777
0.02557
0.02354
0.02167
0.019948
0.018350
0.016867
0.015488
0.012996
0.010797
0.008813
0.006945
0.004925
0.003155

uf
1104.28
1128.39
1152.74
1177.36
1202.25
1227.46
1253.00
1278.92
1305.2
1332.0.
1359.3
1387.1
1415.5
1444.6
1505.3
1570.3
1641.9
1725.2
1844.0
2029.6

ufg
1596.7
1470.6
1443.9
1416.3
1387.9
1358.7
1328.4
1297.1
1264.7
1231.0
1195.9
1159.4
1121.1
1080.9
993.7
894.3
776.6
626.3
384.5
0

ug
2600.9
2599.0
2596.6
2593.7
2590.2
2586.1
2581.4
2576.0
2569.9
2563.0
2555.2
2546.4
2536.6
2525.5
2498.9
2464.6
2418.4
2351.5
2228.5
2029.6

hf
1109.73
1134.37
1159.28
1184.51
1210.07
1235.99
1262.31
1289.07
1316.3
1344.0
1372.4
1401.3
1431.0
1461.5
1525.3
1594.2
1670.6
1760.5
1890.5
2099.3

hfg
1689.8
1662.5
1634.4
1605.2
1574.9
1543.6
1511.0
1477.1
1441.8
1404.9
1366.4
1326.0
1283.5
1238.6
1140.6
1027.9
893.4
720.3
441.6
0

hg
2799.5
2796.9
2793.6
2789.7
2785.0
2779.6
2773.3
2766.2
2758.1
2749.0
2738.7
2727.3
2714.5
2700.1
2665.9
2622.0
2563.9
2481.0
2332.1
2099.3

sf
2.8383
2.8838
2.9294
2.9751
3.0208
3.0668
3.1130
3.1594
3.2062
3.2534
3.3010
3.3493
3.3982
3.4480
3.5507
3.6594
3.7777
3.9147
4.1106
4.4298

sfg
3.1992
3.1181
3.0368
2.9551
2.8730
2.7903
2.7070
2.6227
2.5375
2.4511
2.3633
2.2737
2.1821
2.0882
1.8909
1.6763
1.4335
1.1379
0.6865
0

sg
6.0375
6.0019
5.9662
5.9301
5.8938
5.8571
5.8199
5.7821
5.7437
5.7045
5.6643
5.6230
5.5804
5.5362
5.4417
5.3357
5.2112
5.0526
4.7971
4.4298

Tables A4A to A4 C adapted from G. J. Wylen, and R. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermdynamics, 3rd Ed. John Wiley & Sons,
1986; originally published in J. H. Keenan and F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, John Wiley & Sons, 1978.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 4B: Properties of saturated water (liquidvapor): pressure table


Specific volume,
m3/kg
Press.
P, MPa
0.00061
0.0010
0.0015
0.0020
0.0025
0.0030
0.0040
0.0050
0.0075
0.010
0.015
0.020
0.025
0.030
0.040
0.050
0.075
0.100
0.125
0.150
0.175
0.200
0.225
0.250
0.275
0.300
0.325

Sat.
Sat. liquid Sat. vapor
Temp.
T,C
vf
vg
0.01 0.001000
206.14
6.98 0.001000
129.21
13.03 0.001001
87.98
17.50 0.001001
67.00
21.08 0.001002
54.25
24.08 0.001003
45.67
28.96 0.001004
34.80
32.88 0.001005
28.19
40.29 0.001008
19.24
45.84 0.001010
14.67
53.97 0.001014
10.02
60.06 0.001017
7.649
64.97 0.001020
6.204
69.10 0.001022
5.229
75.87 0.001027
3.993
81.33 0.001030
3.240
91.78 0.001037
2.217
99.63 0.001043
1.6940
105.99 0.001048
1.3749
111.37 0.001053
1.1593
116.06 0.001057
1.0036
120.23 0.001061
0.8857
124.00 0.001064
0.7933
127.44 0.001067
0.7187
130.60 0.001070
0.6573
133.55 0.001073
0.6058
136.30 0.001076
0.5620

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
uf
0.00
29.30
54.71
73.48
88.48
101.04
121.45
137.81
168.78
191.82
225.92
251.38
271.90
289.20
317.53
340.44
384.31
417.36
444.19
466.94
486.80
504.49
520.47
535.10
548.59
561.15
572.90

Evap.
ufg
2375.3
2355.7
2338.6
2326.0
2315.9
2307.5
2293.7
2282.7
2261.7
2246.1
2222.8
2205.4
2191.2
2179.2
2159.5
2143.4
2112.4
2088.7
2069.3
2052.7
2038.1
2025.0
2013.1
2002.1
1991.9
1982.4
1973.5

Sat.
vapor
ug
2375.3
2385.0
2393.3
2399.5
2404.4
2408.5
2415.2
2420.5
2430.5
2437.9
2448.7
2456.7
2463.1
2468.4
2477.0
2483.9
2496.7
2506.1
2513.5
2519.7
2524.9
2529.5
2533.6
2537.2
2540.5
2543.6
2546.4

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
hf
0.01
29.30
54.71
73.48
88.49
101.05
121.46
137.82
168.79
191.83
225.94
251.40
271.93
289.23
317.58
340.49
384.39
417.46
444.32
467.11
486.99
504.70
520.72
535.37
548.89
561.47
573.25

Evap.
hfg
2501.3
2484.9
2470.6
2460.0
2451.6
2444.5
2432.9
2423.7
2406.0
2392.8
2373.1
2358.3
2346.3
2336.1
2319.2
2305.4
2278.6
2258.0
2241.0
2226.5
2213.6
2201.9
2191.3
2181.5
2172.4
2163.8
2155.8

Sat. vapor
hg
2501.4
2514.2
2525.3
2533.5
2540.0
2545.5
2554.4
2561.5
2574.8
2584.7
2599.1
2609.7
2618.2
2625.3
2636.8
2645.9
2663.0
2675.5
2685.4
2693.6
2700.6
2706.7
2712.1
2716.9
2721.3
2725.3
2729.0

Sat.
liquid
sf
0.0000
0.1059
0,1957
0.2607
0.3120
0.3545
0.4226
0.4764
0.5764
0.6493
0.7549
0.8320
0.8931
0.9439
1.0259
1.0910
1.2130
1.3026
1.3740
1.4336
1.4849
1.5301
1.5706
1.6072
1.6408
1.6718
1.7006

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Evap.
Sat. vapor
sfg
sg
9.1562
9.1562
8.8697
8.9756
8.6322
8.8279
8.4629
8.7237
8.3311
8.6432
8.2231
8.5776
8.0520
8.4746
7.9187
8.3951
7.6750
8.2515
7.5009
8.1502
7.2536
8.0085
7.0766
7.9085
6.9383
7.8314
6.8247
7.7686
6.6441
7.6700
6.5029
7.5939
6.2434
7,4564
6.0568
7.3594
5.9104
7.2844
5.7897
7.2233
5.6868
7.1717
5.5970
7.1271
5.5173
7.0878
5.4455
7.0527
5.3801
7.0209
5.3201
6.9919
5.2646
6.9652

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Press.
P, MPa
0.350
0.375
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30

Sat.
Sat. liquid Sat. vapor
Temp.
T,C
vf
vg
138.88 0.001079
0.5243
141.32 0.001081
0.4914
143.63 0.001084
0.4625
147.93 0.001088
0.4140
151.86 0.001093
0.3749
155.48 0.001097
0.3427
158.85 0.001101
0.3157
162.01 0.001104
0.2927
164.97 0.001108
0.2729
167.78 0.001112
0.2556
170.43 0.001115
0.2404
172.96 0.001118
0.2270
175.38 0.001121
0.2150
177.69 0.001124
0.2402
179.91 0.001127
0.19444
184.09 0.001133
0.17753
187.99 0.001139
0.16333
191.64 0.001144
0.15125

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
uf
583.95
594.40
604.31
622.77
639.68
655.32
669.90
683.56
696.44
708.64
720.22
731.27
741.83
751.95
761.68
780.09
797.29
813.44

Evap.
ufg
1965.0
1956.9
1949.3
1934.9
1921.6
1909.2
1897.5
1886.5
1876.1
1866.1
1856.6
1847.4
1838.6
1830.2
1822.0
1806.3
1791.5
1777.5

Sat.
vapor
ug
2548.9
2551.3
2553.6
2557.6
2561.2
2564.5
2567.4
2570.1
2572.5
2574.7
2576.8
2578.7
2580.5
2582.1
2583.6
2586.4
2588.8
2591.0

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
hf
584.33
594.81
604.74
623.25
640.23
665.93
670.56
684.28
697.22
709.47
721.11
732.22
742.83
753.02
762.81
781.34
798.65
814.93

Evap.
hfg
2148.1
2140.8
2133.8
2120.7
2108.5
2097.0
2086.3
2076.0
2066.3
2057.0
2048.0
2039.4
2031.1
2023.1
2015.3
2000.4
1986.2
1972.7

Sat. vapor
hg
2732.4
2735.6
2738.6
2743.9
2748.7
2753.0
2756.8
2760.3
2763.5
2766.4
2769.1
2771.6
2773.9
2776.1
2778.1
2871.7
2784.8
2787.6

Sat.
liquid
sf
1.7275
1.7528
1.7766
1.8207
1.8607
1.8973
1.9312
1.9627
1.9922
2.0200
2.0462
2.0710
2.0946
2.1172
2.1387
2.1792
2.2166
2.2515

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Evap.
Sat. vapor
sfg
sg
5.2130
6.9405
5.1647
6.9175
5.1193
6.8959
5.0359
6.8565
4.9606
6.8213
4.8920
6.7893
4.8288
6.7600
4.7703
6.7331
4.7158
6.7080
4.6647
6.6847
4.6166
6.6628
4.5711
6.6421
4.5280
6.6226
4.4869
6.6041
4.4478
6.5865
4.3744
6.5536
4.3067
6.5233
4.2438
6.4953

TABLE 4C: Properties of superheated water vapor


T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

Sat.
50
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

P = 0.01 MPa (45.81C)


14.674
2437.9
2584.7
14.869
2443.9
2592.6
17.196
2515.5
2687.5
19.512
2587.9
2783.0
21.825
2661.3
2879.5
24.136
2736.0
2977.3
26.445
2812.1
3076.5
31.063
2968.9
3279.6
35.679
3132.3
3489.1
40.295
3302.5
3705.4
44.911
3479.6
3928.7
49.526
3663.8
4159.0
54.141
3855.0
4396.4
58.757
4053.0
4640.6
63.372
4257.5
4891.2
67.987
4467.9
5147.8
72.602
4683.7
5409.7

8.1502
8.1749
8.4479
8.6882
8.9038
9.1002
9,2813
9.6077
9.8978
10.1608
10.4028
10.6281
10.8396
11.0393
11.2287
11.4091
11.5811

Sat.
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
700
800

P =0.20 MPa (120.23C)


0.8857
2529.5
2706.7
0.9596
2576.9
2768.8
1.0803
2654.4
2870.5
1.1988
2731.2
2971.0
1.3162
2808.6
3071.8
1.5493
2966.7
3276.6
1.7814
3130.8
3487.1
2.013
3301.4
3704.0
2.244
3478.8
3927.6
2.475
3663.1
4158.2

7.1272
7.2795
7.5066
7.7086
7.8926
8.2218
8.5133
8.7770
9.0194
9.2449

2002 by CRC Press LLC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 0.05 MPa (81.33C)


P = 0. 10 MPa (99.63C)
3.240 2483.9 2645.9
7.5939 1.6940 2506.1 2675.5
7.3594
3.418
3.889
4.356
4.820
5.284
6.209
7.134
8.057
8.981
9.904
10.828
11.751
12.674
13.597
14.521

2511.6
2585.6
2659.9
2735.0
2811.3
2968.5
3132.0
3302.2
3479.4
3663.6
3854.9
4052.9
4257.4
4467.8
4683.6

2682.5
2780.1
2877.7
2976.0
3075.5
3278.9
3488.7
3705.1
3928.5
4158.9
4396.3
4640.5
4891.1
5147.7
5409.6

7.6947 1.6958
7.9401 1.9364
8.1580 2.172
8.3556 2.406
8.5373 2.639
8.8642 3.103
9.1546 3.565
9.4178 4.028
9.6599 4.490
9.8852 4.952
10.0967 5.414
10.2964 5.875
10.4859 6.337
10.6662 6.799
10.8382 7.260

P = 0.30 MPa (133.55C)


0.6058 2543.6 2725.3
0.6339 2570.8 2761.0
0.7163 2650.7 2865.6
0.7964 2728.7 2967.6
0.8753 2806.7 3069.3
1.0315 2965.6 3275.0
1.1867 3130.0 3486.0
1.3414 3300.8 3703.2
1.4957 3478.4 3927.1
1.6499 3662.9 4157.8

6.9919
7.0778
7.3115
7.5166
7.7022
8.0330
8.3251
8.5892
8.8319
9.0576

2506.7
2582.8
2658.1
2 3. 7
2810.4
2967.9
3131.6
3301.9
3479.2
3663.5
3854.8
4052.8
4257.3
4467.7
4683.5

2676.2
2776.4
2875.3
2974.3
3074.3
3278.2
3488.1
3704.4
3928.2
4158.6
4396.1
4640.3
4891.0
5147.6
5409.5

P = 0.40 MPa (143.63C)


0.4625 2553.6 2738.6
0.4708 2564.5 2752.8
0.5342 2646.8 2860.5
0.5951 2726.1 2964.2
0.6548 2804.8 3066.8
0.7726 2964.4 3273.4
0.8893 3129.2 3484.9
1.0055 3300.2 3702.4
1.1215 3477.9 3926.5
1.2372 3662.4 4157.3

7.3614
7.6134
7.8343
8.0333
8.2158
8.5435
8.8342
9.0976
9.3398
9.5652
9.7767
9.9764
10.1659
10.3463
10.5183

6.8959
6.9299
7.1706
7.3789
7.5662
7.8985
8.1913
8.4558
8.6987
8.9244

T
C

v
m3/kg

900
1000
1100
1200
1300

2.705
2.937
3.168
3.399
3.630

Sat.
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.3749
0.4249
0.4744
0.5226
0.5701
0.6173
0.7109
0.8041
0.8969
0.9896
1.0822
1.1747
1.2672
1.3596
1.4521

2002 by CRC Press LLC

u
kJ/kg
3854.5
4052.5
4257.0
4467.5
4683.2

h
kJ/kg
4395.8
4640.0
4890.7
5147.5
5409.3

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg
4395.4
4639.7
4890.4
5147.1
5409.0

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg
4395.1
4639.4
4890.2
5146.8
5408.8

s
kJ/(kgK)

9.4566
9.6563
9.8458
10.0262
10.1982

1.8041
1.9581
2.1121
2.2661
2.4201

3854.2
4052.3
4256.8
4467.2
4683.0

9.2692
9.4690
9.6585
9.8389
10.0110

1.3529
1.4685
1.5840
1.6996
1.8151

3853.9
4052.0
4256.5
4467.0
4682.8

9.1362
9.3360
9.5256
9.7060
9.8780

P =0.50 MPa (151.86C)


2561.2
2748.7
6.8213
2642.9
2855.4
7.0592
2723.5
2960.7
7.2709
2802.9
3064.2
7.4599
2882.6
3167.7
7.6329
2963.2
3271.9
7.7938
3128.4
3483.9
8.0873
3299.6
3701.7
7.3522
3477.5
3925.9
8.5952
3662.1
4156.9
8.8211
3853.6
4394.7
9.0329
4051.8
4639.1
9.2328
4256.3
4889.9
9.4224
4466.8
5146.6
9.6029
4682.5
5408.6
9.7749

0.3157
0.3520
0:3938
0.4344
0.4742
0.5137
0.5920
0.6697
0.7472
0.8245
0.9017
0.9788
1.0559
1.1330
1.2101

P =0.60 MPa (158.85C)


2567.4 2756.8
6,7600
2638.9 2850.1
6.9665
2720.9 2957.2
7.1816
2801.0 3061.6
7.3724
2881.2 3165.7
7.5464
2962.1 3270.3
7.7079
3127.6 3482.8
8.0021
3299.1 3700.9
8.2674
3477.0 3925.3
8.5107
3661.8 4156.5
8.7367
3853.4 4394.4
8.9486
4051.5 4638.8
9.1485
4256.1 4889.6
9.3381
4466.5 5146.3
9.5185
4682.3 5408.3
9.6906

0.2404
0.2608
0.2931
0.3241
0.3544
0.3843
0.4433
0.5018
0.5601
0.6181
0.6761
0.7340
0.7919
0.8497
0.9076

P = 0.80 MPa (170.43C)


2576.8 2769.1
6.6628
2630.6 2839.3
6.8158
2715.5 2950.0
7.0384
2797.2 3056.5
7.2328
2878.2 3161.7
7.4089
2959.7 3267.1
7.5716
3126.0 3480.6
7.8673
3297.9 3699.4
8.1333
3476.2 3924.2
8.3770
3661.1 4155.6
8.6033
3852.8 4393.7
8.8153
4051.0 4638.2
9.0153
4255.6 4889.1
9.2050
4466.1 5145.9
9.3855
4681.8 5407.9
9.5575

TABLE 4C: Properties of superheated water vapor (continued)


T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

Sat.
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

P = 1 MPa (179.91C)
0.19444
2583.6 2778.1
0.2060
2621.9 2827.9
0.2327
2709.9 2942.6
0.2579
2793.2 3051.2
0.2825
2875.2 3157.7
0.3066
2957.3 3263.9
0.3541
3124.4 3478.5
0.4011
3296.8 3697.9
0.4478
3475.3 3923.1
0.4943
3660.4 4154.7
0,5407
3852.2 4392.9
0.5871
4050.5 4637.6
0.6335
4255.1 4888.6
0.6798
4465.6 5145.4
0.7261
4681.3 5407.4

Sat.
225
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

P = 1.6 MPa (201.41C)


0.12380
2596.0 2794.0
0.13287
2644.7 2857.3
0.14184
2692.3 2919.2
0.15862
2781.1 3034.8
0.17456
2866.1 3145.4
0.19005
2950.1 3254.2
0.2203
3119.5 3472.0
0.2500
3293.3 3693.2
0.2794
3472.7 3919.7
0.3086
3658.3 4152.1
0.3377
3850.5 4390.8
0.3668
4049.0 4635.8

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

6.5865
6.6940
6.9247
7.1229
7.3011
7.4651
7.7622
8.0290
8.2731
8.4996
8.7118
8.9119
9.1017
9.2822
9.4543

P = 1.2 MPa (187.99C)


0.16333 2588.8 2784.8
0.16930 2612.8 2815.9
0.19234 2704.2 2935.0
0.2138 2789.2 3045.8
0.2345 2872.2 3153.6
0.2548 2954.9 3260.7
0.2946 3122.8 3476.3
0.3339 3295.6 3696.3
0.3729 3474.4 3922.0
0.4118 3659.7 4153.8
0.4505 3851.6 4392.2
0.4892 4050.0 4637.0
0.5278 4254.6 4888.0
0.5665 4465.1 5144.9
0.6051 4680.9 5407.0

P = 1.4 MPa (195.07C)


6.5233 0.14084 2592.8 2790.0
6.5898 0.14302 2603.1 2803.3
6.8294 0.16350 2698.3 2927.2
7.0317 0.18228 2785.2 3040.4
7.2121 0.2003 2869.2 3149.5
7.3774 0.2178 2952.5 3257.5
7.6759 0.2521 3121.1 3474.1
7.9435 0.2860 3294.4 3694.8
8.1881 0.3195 3473.6 3920.8
8.4148 0.3528 3659.0 4153.0
8.6272 0.3861 3851.1 4391.5
8.8274 0.4192 4049.5 4636.4
9.0172 0.4524 4254.1 4887.5
9.1977 0,4855 4464.7 5144.4
9.3698 0.5186 4680.4 5406.5

6.4693
6.4975
6.7467
6.9534
7.1360
7.3026
7.6027
7.8710
8.1160
8.3431
8.5556
8.7559
8.9457
9.1262
9.2984

6.4218
6.5518
6.6732
6.8844
7.0694
7.2374
7.5390
7.8080
8.0535
8.2808
8.4935
8.6938

P = 1.8 MPa (207.15C)


0.11042 2598.4 2797.1
0.11673 2636.6 2846.7
0.12497 2686.0 2911.0
0.14021 2776.9 3029.2
0.15457 2863.0 3141.2
0.16847 2947.7 3250.9
0.19550 3117.9 3469.8
0.2220 3292.1 3691.7
0.2482 3471.8 3918.5
0.2742 3657.6 4151.2
0.3001 3849.9 4390.1
0.3260 4048.5 4635.2

P = 2.0 MPa (212.42C)


6.3794 0.09963 2600.3 2799.5
6.4808 0.10377 2628.3 2835.8
6.6066 0.11144 2679.6 2902.5
6.8226 0.12547 2772.6 3023.5
7.0100 0.13857 2859.8 3137.0
7.1794 0.15120 2945.2 3247.6
7.4825 0.17568 3116.2 3467.6
7.7523 0.19960 3290.9 3690.1
7.9983 0.2232 3470.9 3917.4
8.2258 0.2467 3657.0 4150.3
8.4386 0.2700 3849.3 4389.4
8.6391 0.2933 4048.0 4634.6

6.3409
6.4147
6.5453
6.7664
6.9563
7.1271
7.4317
7.7024
7.9487
8.1765
8.3895
8.5901

T
C

v
m3/kg

1100
1200
1300

Sat.
225
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.3958
0.4248
0.4538

u
kJ/kg
4253.7
4464.2
4679.9

h
kJ/kg
4887.0
5143.9
5406.0

P = 2.5 MPa (223.99C)


0.07998
2603.1 2803.1
0.08027
2605.6 2806.3
0.08700
2662.6 2880.1
0.09890
2761.6 3008.8
0.10976
2851.9 3126.3
0.12010
2939.1 3239.3
0.13014
3025.5 3350.8
0.13993
3112.1 3462.1
0.15930
3288.0 3686.3
0.17832
3468.7 3914.5
0.19716
3655.3 4148.2
0.21590
3847.9 4387.6
0.2346
4046.7 4633.1
0.2532
4251.5 4884.6
0.2718
4462.1 5141.7
0.2905
4677.8 5404.0

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

8.8837 0.3518
9.0643 0.3776
9.2364 0.4034

6.2575
6.2639
6.4085
6.6438
6.8403
7.0148
7.1746
7.3234
7.5960
7.8435
8.0720
8.2853
8.4861
8.6762
8.8569
9.0291

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

4253.2 4886.4
4463.7 5143.4
4679.5 5405.6

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

8.8290 0.3166 4252.7


9.0096 0.3398 4463.3
9.1818 0.3631 4679.0

h
kJ/kg
4885.9
5142.9
5405.1

s
kJ/(kgK)
8.7800
8.9607
9.1329

P = 3.0 MPa (233.90C)


P = 3.5 MPa (242.60C)
0.06668 2604.1 2804.2
6.1869 0.05707 2603.7 2803.4
6.1253
0.07058
0.08114
0.09053
0.09936
0.10787
0.11619
0.13243
0.14838
0.16414
0.17980
0.19541
0.21098
0.22652
0.24206

2644.0
2750.1
2843.7
2932.8
3020.4
3108.0
3285.0
3466.5
3653.5
3846.5
4045.4
4250.3
4460.9
4676.6

2855.8
2993.5
3115.3
3230.9
3344.0
3456.5
3682.3
3911.7
4145.9
4385.9
4631.6
4883.3
5140.5
5402.8

6.2872 0.05872
6.5390 0.06842
6.7428 0.07678
6.9212 0.08453
7.0834 0.09196
7.2338 0.09918
7.5085 0.11324
7.7571 0.12699
7.9862 0.14056
8.1999 0.15402
8.4009 0.16743
8.5912 0.18080
8.7720 0.19415
8.9442 0.20749

2623.7
2738.0
2835.3
2926A
3015.3
3103.0
3282.1
3464.3
3651.8
3845.0
4044.1
4249.2
4459.8
4675.5

2829.2
2977.5
3104.0
3222.3
3337.2
3450.9
3678.4
3908.8
4143.7
4384.1
4630.1
4881.9
5139.3
5401.7

6.1749
6.4461
6.6579
6.8405
7.0052
7.1572
7.4339
7.6837
7.9134
8.1276
8.3288
8.5192
8.7000
8.8723

TABLE 4C: Properties of superheated water vapor (continued)


T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

Sat.
275
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

P = 4 MPa (250.40C)
0.04978
2602.3 2801.4
0.05457
2667.9 2886.2
0.05884
2725.3 2960.7
0.06645
2826.7 3092.5
0.07341
2919.9 3213.6
0.08002
3010.2 3330.3
0.08643
3099.5 3445.3
0,09885
3279.1 3674.4
0.11095
3462.1 3905.9
0.12287
3650.0 4141.5
0.13469
3843.6 4382.3
0.14645
4042.9 4628.7
0.15817
4248.0 4880.6
0.16987
4458.6 5138.1
0.18156
4674.3 5400.5

Sat.
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
700
800
900
1000

P = 6 MPa (275.64C)
0.03244
2589.7 2784.3
0.03616
2667.2 2884.2
0.04223
2789.6 3043.0
0.04739
2892.9 3177.2
0.05214
2988.9 3301.8
0.05665
3082.2 3422.2
0.06101
3174.6 3540.6
0.06525
3266.9 3658.4
0.07352
3453.1 3894.2
0.08160
3643.1 4132.7
0.08958
3837.8 4375.3
0.09749
4037.8 4622.7

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

6.0701
6.2285
6.3615
6.5821
6.7690
6.9363
7.0901
7.3688
7.6198
7.8502
8.0647
8.2662
8.4567
8.6376
8.8100

P = 4.5 MPa (257.49C)


0.04406 2600.1 2798.3
0.04730 2650.3 2863.2
0.05135 2712.0 2643.1
0.05840 2817.8 3080.6
0.06475 2913.3 3204.7
0.07074 3005.0 3323.3
0.07651 3095.3 3439.6
0.08765 3276.0 3670.5
0.09847 3459.9 3903.0
0.10911 3648.3 4139.3
0.11965 3842.2 4380.6
0.13013 4041.6 4627.2
0.14056 4246.8 4879.3
0.15098 4457.5 5136.9
0.16139 4673.1 5399.4

6.0198
6.1401
6.2828
6.5131
6.7047
6.8746
7.0301
7.3110
7.5631
7.7942
8.0091
8.2108
8.4015
8.5825
8.7549

P = 5.0 MPa (263.99C)


0.03944 2597.1 2794.3
0.04141 2631.3 2838.3
0.04532 2698.0 2924.5
0.05194 2808.7 3068.4
0.05781 2906.6 3195.7
0.06330 2999.7 3316.2
0.06857 3091.0 3433.8
0.07869 3273.0 3666.5
0.08849 3457.6 3900.1
0.09811 3646.6 4137.1
0.10762 3840.7 4378.8
0.11707 4040.4 4625.7
0.12648 4245.6 4878.0
0.13587 4456.3 5135.7
0.14526 4672.0 5398.2

5.8892
6.0674
6.3335
6.5408
6.7193
6.8803
7.0288
7.1677
7.4234
7.6566
7.8727
8.0751

P = 7 MPa (285.88C)
0.02737 2580.5 2772.1
0.02947 2632.2 2838.4
0.03524 2769.4 3016.0
0.03993 2878.6 3158.1
0.04416 2978.0 3287.1
0.04814 3073.4 3410.3
0.05195 3167.2 3530.9
0.05565 3260.7 3650.3
0.06283 3448.5 3888.3
0.06981 3639.5 4128.2
0.07669 3835.0 4371.8
0.08350 4035.3 4619.8

5.8133
5.9305
6.2283
6.4478
6.6327
6.7975
6.9486
7.0894
7.3476
7.5822
7.7991
8.0020

0.02352
0.02426
0.02995
0.03432
0.03817
0.04175
0.04516
0.04845
0.05481
0.06097
0.06702
0.07301

P = 8 MPa (295.06C)
2569.8 2758.0
2590.9 2785.0
2747.7 2987.3
2863.8 3138.3
2966.7 3272.0
3064.3 3398.3
3159.8 3521.0
3254.4 3642.0
3443.9 3882.4
3636.0 4123.8
3832.1 4368.3
4032.8 4616.9

5.9734
6.0544
6.2084
6.4493
6.6459
6.8186
6.9759
7.2589
7.5122
7.7440
7.9593
8.1612
8.3520
8.5331
8.7055

5.7432
5.7906
6.1301
6.3634
6.5551
6.7240
6.8778
7.0206
7.2812
7.5173
7.7351
7.9384

T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

1100
1200
1300

0.10536
0.11321
0.12106

Sat.
325
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

P = 9 MPa (303.40C)
0.02048
2557.8 2742.1
0.02327
2646.6 2856.0
0.02580
2724.4 2956.6
0.02993
2848.4 3117.8
0.03350
2955.2 3256.6
0.03677
3055.2 3386.1
0.03987
3152.2 3511.0
0.04285
3248.1 3633.7
0.04574
3343.6 3755.3
0.04857
3439.3 3876.5
0.05409
3632.5 4119.3
0.05950
3829.2 4364.8
0.06485
4030.3 4614.0
0.07016
4236.3 4867.7
0.07544
4447.2 5126.2
0.08072
4662.7 5389.2

2002 by CRC Press LLC

4243.3
4454.0
4669.6

h
kJ/kg
4875.4
5133.3
5396.0

s
kJ/(kgK)
8.2661
8.4474
8.6199

v
m3/kg
0.09027
0.09703
0.10377

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

4240.9 4872.8
4451.7 5130.9
4667.3 5393.7

P = 10.0 MPa (311.06C)


5.6772 0.018026 2544.4 2724.7
5.8712 0.019861 2610.4 2809.1
6.0361 0.02242 2699.2 2923.4
6.2854 0.02641 2832.4 3096.5
6.4844 0.02975 2943.4 3240.9
6.6576 0.03279 3045.8 3373.7
6.8142 0.03564 3144.6 3500.9
6.9589 0.03837 3241.7 3625.3
7.0943 0.04101 3338.2 3748.2
7.2221 0.04358 3434.7 3870.5
7.4596 0.04859 3628.9 4114.8
7.6783 0.05349 3826.3 4361.2
7.8821 0.05832 4027.8 4611.0
8.0740 0.06312 4234.0 4865.1
8.2556 0.06789 4444.9 5123.8
8.4284 0.07265 4460.5 5387.0

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

8.1933 0.07896 4238.6


8.3747 0.08489 4449.5
8.5475 0.90980 4665.0

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

4870.3
5128.5
5391.5

P = 12.5 MPa (327.89C)


5.6141 0.013495 2505.1 2673.8
5.7568
5.9443 0.016126 2624.6 2826.2
6.2120 0.02000 2789.3 3039.3
6.4190 0.02299 2912.5 3199.8
6.5966 0.02560 3021.7 3341.8
6.7561 0.02801 3125.0 3475.2
6.9029 0.03029 3225.4 ~604.0'
7.0398 0.03248 3324.4 3730.4
7.1687 0.03460 3422.9 3855.3
7.4077 0.03869 3620.0 4103.6
7.6272 0.04267 3819.1 4352.5
7.8315 0.04658 4021.6 4603.8
8.0237 0.05045 4228.2 4858.8
8.2055 0.05430 4439.3 5118.0
8.3783 0.05813 4654.8 5381.4

8.1300
8.3115
8.4842

5.4624
5.7118
6.0417
6.2719
6.4618
6.6290
6.7810
6.9218
7.0536
7.2965
7.5182
7.7237
7.9165
8.0937
8.2717

TABLE 4C: Properties of superheated water vapor (continued)


T
C

v
m3/kg

Sat.
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

P = 15 MPa (342.24C)
0.010337
2455.5 2610.5
0.011470
2520.4 2692.4
0.015649
2740.7 2975.5
0.018445
2879.5 3156.2
0.02080
2996.6 3308.fi
0.02293
3104.7 3448.6
0.02491
3208.6 3582.3
0.02680
3310.3 3712.3
0.02861
3410.9 3840.1
0.03210
3610.9 4092.4
0.03546
3811.9 4343.8
0.03875
4015.4 4596.6
0.04200
4222.6 4852.6
0.04523
4433.8 5112.3
0.04845
4649.1 5376.0

375
400
425
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

0.0019731
0.006004
0.007881
0.009162
0.011123
0.012724
0.014137
0.015433
0.016646
0.018912
0.021045
0.02310

2002 by CRC Press LLC

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

P = 25 MPa
1798.7 1848.0
2430.1 2580.2
2609.2 2806.3
2720.7 2949.7
2884.3 3162.4
3017.5 3335.6
3137.9 3491.4
3251.6 3637.4
3361.3 3777.5
3574.3 4047.1
3783.0 4309.1
3990.9 4568.5

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 17.5 MPa (354.75C)


5.3098 0.007920 2390.2 2528.8
5.1419
5.4421
5.8811 0.012447 2685.0 2902.9
5.7213
6.1404 0.015174 2844.2 3109.7
6.0184
6.3443 0.017358 2970.3 3274.1
6.2383
6.5199 0.019288 3083.9 3421.4
6.4230
6.6776 0.02106 3191.5 3560.1
6.5866
6.8224 0.02274 3296.0 3693.9
6.7357
6.9572 0.02434 3398.7 3824.6
6.8736
7.2040 0.02738 3601.8 4081.1
7.1244
7.4279 0.03031 3804.7 4335.1
7.3507
7.6348 0.03316 4009.3 4589.5
7.5589
7.8283 0.03597 4216.9 4846.4
7.7531
8.0108 0.03876 4428.3 5106.6
7.9360
8.1840 0.04154 4643.5 5370.5
8.1093

4.0320 0.0017892
5.1418 0.002790
5.4723 0.005303
5.6744 0.006735
5.9592 0.008678
6.1765 0.010168
6.3602 0.011446
6.5229 0.012596
6.6707 0.013661
6.9345 0.015623
7.1680 0,017448
7.3802 0.019196

P = 30 MPa
1737.8 1791.5
2067.4 2151.1
2455.1 2614.2
2619.3 2821.4
2820.7 3081.1
2970.3 3275.4
3100.5 3443.9
3221.0 3598.9
3335.8 3745.6
3555.5 4024.2
3768.5 4291.9
3978.8 4554.7

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 20.0 MPa (365.81C)


0.005834 2293.0 2409.7
4.9269
0.009942
0.012695
0.014768
0.016555
0.018178
0.019693
0.02113
0.02385
0.02645
0.02897
0.03145
0.03391
0.03636

3.9305 0.0017003
4.4728 0.002100
5.1504 0.003428
5.4424 0.004961
5.7905 0.006927
6.0342 0.008345
6.2331 0.009527
6.4058 0.010575
6.5606 0.011533
6.8332 0.013278
7.0718 0.014883
7.2867 0.016410

2619.3
2806.2
2942.9
3062.4
3174.0
3281.4
3386.4
3592.7
3797.5
4003.1
4211.3
4422.8
4638.0

2818.1
3060.1
3238.2
3393.5
3537.6
3675.3
3809.0
4069.7
4326.4
4582.5
4840.2
5101.0
5365.1

5.5540
5.9017
6.1401
6.3348
6.5048
6.6582
6.7993
7.0544
7.2830
7.4925
7.6874
7.8707
8.0442

P = 35 MPa
1702.9 1762.4
1914.1 1987.6
2253.4 2373.4
2498.7 2672.4
2751.9 2994.4
2921.0 3213.0
3062.0 3395.5
3189.8 3559.9
3309.8 3713.5
3536.7 4001.5
3754.0 4274.9
3966.7 4541.1

3.8722
4.2126
4.7747
5.1962
5.6282
5.9026
6.1179
6.3010
6.4631
6.7450
6.9386
7.2064

1100
1200
1300

0.02512
0.02711
0.02910

375
400
425
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.0016407
0.0019077
0.002532
0.003693
0.005622
0.006984
0.008094
0.009063
0.009941
0.011523
0.012962
0.014324
0.015642
0.016940
0.018229

2002 by CRC Press LLC

4200.2
4412.0
4626.9

4828.2
5089.9
5354.4

7.5765 0.020903
7.7605 0.022589
7.9342 0.024266

4189.2 4816.3
4401.3 5079.0
4616.0 5344.0

7.4845 0.017895 4178.3


7.6692 0.019360 4390.7
7.8432 0.020815 4605.1

4804.6
5068.3
5333.6

7.4037
7.5910
7.7653

P = 40 MPa
1677.1 1742.8
1854.6 1930.9
2096.9 2198.1
2365.1 2512.8
2678.4 2903.3
2869.7 3149.1
3022.6 3346.4
3158.0, 3520.6
3283.6 3681.2
3517.8 3978.7
3739.4 4257.9
3954.6 4527.6
4167.4 4793.1
4380.1 5057.7
4594.3 5323.5

3.8290 0.0015594
4.1135 0.0017309
4.5029 0.002007
4.9459 0.002486
5.4700 0.003892
5.7785 0.005118
6.0144 0.006112
6.2054 0.006966
6.3750 0.007727
6.6662 0.009076
6.9150 0.010283
7.1356 0.011411
7.3364 0.012496
7.5224 0.013561
7.6969 0.014616

P = 50 MPa
1638.6 1716.6
1788.1 1874.6
1959.7 2060.0
2159.6 2284.0
2525.5 2720.1
2763.6 3019.5
2942.0 3247.6
3093.5 3441.8
3230.5 3616.8
3479.8 3933.6
3710.3 4224.4
3930.5 4501.1
4145.7 4770.5
4359.1 5037.2
4572.8 5303.6

3.7639 0.0015028
4.0031 0.0016335
4.2734 0.0018165
4.5884 0.002085
5.1726 0.002956
5.5485 0.003956
5.8178 0.004834
6.0342 0.005595
6.2189 0.006272
6.5290 0.007459
6.7882 0.008508
7.0146 0.009480
7.2184 0.010409
7.4058 0.011317
7.5808 0.012215

P = 60 MPa
1609.4 1699.5
1745.4 1843.4
1892.7 2001.7
2053.9 2179.0
2390.6 2567.9
2658.8 2896.2
2861.1 3151.2
3028.8 3364.5
3177.2 3553.5
3441.5 3889.1
3681.0 4191.5
3906.4 4475.2
4124.1 4748.6
4338.2 5017.2
4551.4 5284.3

3.7141
3.9318
4.1626
4.4121
4.9321
5.3441
5.6452
5.8829
6.0824
6.4109
6.6805
6.9127
7.1195
7.3083
7.4837

TABLE 5A: Properties of saturated refrigerant 134a (liquidvapor): temperature table


Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp.
T,C
40
36
32
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38

Sat.
press.
Psat,, MPa

Sat. liquid

0.05164
0.06332
0.07704
0.09305
0.10199
0.11160
0.12192
0.13299
0.14483
0.15748
0.18540
0.21704
0.25274
0.29282
0.33765
0.38756
0.44294
0.50416
0.57160
0.64566
0.68530
0.72675
0.77006
0.81528
0.86247
0.91168
0.96298

0.0007055
0.0007113
0.0007172
0.0007233
0.0007265
0.0007296
0.0007328
0.0007361
0.0007395
0.0007428
0.0007498
0.0007569
0.0007644
0.0007721
0.0007801
0.0007884
0.0007971
0.0008062
0.0008157
0.0008257
0.0008309
0.0008362
0.0008417
0.0008473
0.0008530
0.0008590
0.0008651

2002 by CRC Press LLC

vf

Sat. vapor
vg
0.3569
0.2947
0.2451
0.2052
0.1882
0.1728
0.1590
0.1464
0.1350
0.1247
0.1068
0.0919
0.0794
0.0689
0.0600
0.0525
0.0460
0.0405
0.0358
0.0317
0.0298
0.0281
0.0265
0.0250
0.0236
0.0223
0.0210

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
hf

Evap.

uf

Sat.
vapor
ug

hfg

Sat.
vapor
hg

0.04
4.68
9.47
14.31
16.75
19.21
21.68
24.17
26.67
29.18
34.25
39.38
44.56
49.79
55.08
60.43
65.83
71.29
76.80
82.37
85.18
88.00
90.84
93.70
96.58
99.47
102.38

204.45
206.73
209.01
211.29
212.43
213.57
214.70
215.84
216.97
218.10
220.36
222.60
224.84
227.06
229.27
231.46
233.63
235.78
237.91
240.01
241.05
242.08
243.10
244.12
245.12
246.11
247.09

0.00
4.73
9.52
14.37
16.82
19.29
21.77
24.26
26.77
29.30
34.39
39.54
44.75
50.02
55.35
60.73
66.18
71.69
77.26
82.90
85.75
88.61
91.49
94.39
97.31
100.25
103.21

222.88
220.67
218.37
216.01
214.80
213.57
212.32
211.05
209.76
208.45
205.77
203.00
200.15
197.21
194.19
191.07
187.85
184.52
181.09
177.55
175.73
173.89
172.00
170.09
168.14
166.15
164.12

222.88
225.40
227.90
230.38
231.62
232.85
234.08
235.31
236.53
237.74
240.15
242.54
244.90
247.23
249.53
251.80
254.03
256.22
258.35
260.45
261.48
262.50
263.50
264.48
265.45
266.40
267.33

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat. liqSat.
uid
vapor
sf
sg
0.0000
0.0201
0.0401
0.0600
0.0699
0.0798
0.0897
0.0996
0.1094
0.1192
0.1388
0.1583
0.1777
0.1970
0.2162
0.2354
0.2545
0.2735
0.2924
0.3113
0.3208
0.3302
0.3396
0.3490
0.3584
0.3678
0.3772

0.9560
0.9506
0.9456
0.9411
0.9390
0.9370
0.9351
0.9332
0.9315
0.9298
0.9267
0.9239
0.9213
0.9190
0.9169
0.9150
0.9132
0.9116
0.9102
0.9089
0.9082
0.9076
0.9070
0.9064
0.9058
0.9053
0.9047

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp.
T,C
40
42
44
48
52
56
60
70
80
90
100

Sat.
press.
Psat,, MPa

Sat. liquid

1.0164
1.0720
1.1299
1.2526
1.3851
1.5278
1.6813
2.1162
2.6324
3.2435
3.9742

0.0008714
0.0008780
0.0008847
0.0008989
0.0009142
0.0009308
0.0009488
0.0010027
0.0010766
0.0011949
0.0015443

vf

Sat. vapor
vg
0.0199
0.0188
0.0177
0.0159
0.0142
0.0127
0.0114
0.0086
0.0064
0.0046
0.0027

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid
hf

Evap.

uf

Sat.
vapor
ug

hfg

Sat.
vapor
hg

105.30
108.25
111.22
117.22
123.31
129.51
135.82
152.22
169.88
189.82
218.60

248.06
249.02
249.96
251.79
253.55
255.23
256.81
260.15
262.14
261.34
248.49

106.19
109.19
112.22
118.35
124.58
130.93
137.42
154.34
172.71
193.69
224.74

162.05
159.94
157.79
153.33
148.66
143.75
138.57
124.08
106.41
82.63
34.40

268.24
269.14
270.01
271.68
273.24
274.68
275.99
278.43
279.12
276.32
259.13

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat. liqSat.
uid
vapor
sf
sg
0.3866
0.3960
0.4054
0.4243
0.4432
0.4622
0.4814
0.5302
0.5814
0.6380
0.7196

0.9041
0.9035
0.9030
0.9017
0.9004
0.8990
0.8973
0.8918
0.8827
0.8655
0.8117

Tables A5A to A5 C adapted from M. J. Moran, and H.N. Shapiro, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd Ed. John Wiley
& Sons, 1992; originally based on equations from D.P. Wilson, and R.S. Basu, ASHRAE Transactions, 94, Pt 2., 1988, pp. 20952118.
(With permission.)

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 5B: Properties of saturated refrigerant 134a (liquidvapor): pressure table


Specific volume,
m3/kg
Press.
MPa
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.24
0.28
0.32
0.36
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0

Sat.
Temp.
T,C
37.07
31.21
26.43
22.36
18.80
15.62
12.73
10.09
5.37
1.23
2.48
5.84
8.93
15.74
21.58
26.72
31.33
35.53
39.39
46.32
52.43
57.92
62.91
67.49

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Sat. liquid
vf
0.0007097
0.0007184
0.0007258
0.0007323
0.0007381
0.0007435
0.0007485
0.0007532
0.0007618
0.0007697
0.0007770
0.0007839
0.0007904
0.0008056
0.0008196
0.0008328
0.0008454
0.0008576
0.0008695
0.0008928
0.0009159
0.0009392
0.0009631
0.0009878

Sat. vapor
vg
0.3100
0.2366
0.1917
0.1614
0.1395
0.1229
0.1098
0.0993
0.0834
0.0719
0.0632
0.0564
0.0509
0.0409
0.0341
0.0292
0.0255
0.0226
0.0202
0.0166
0.0140
0.0121
0.0105
0.0093

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
uf
3.41
10.41
16.22
21.23
25.66
29.66
33.31
36.69
42.77
48.18
53.06
57.54
61.69
70.93
78.99
86.19
92.75
98.79
104.42
114.69
123.98
132.52
140.49
148.02

Sat. vapor
ug
206.12
209.46
212.18
214.50
21652
218.32
219.94
221.43
224.07
226.38
228.43
230.28
231.97
235.64
238.74
241.42
243.78
245.88
247.77
251.03
253.74
256.00
257.88
259.41

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
hf
3.46
10.47
16.29
21.32
25.77
29.78
33.45
36.84
42.95
48.39
53.31
57.82
62.00
71.33
79.48
86.78
93.42
99.56
105.29
115.76
125.26
134.02
142.22
149.99

Evap.
hfg
221.27
217.92
215.06
212.54
210.27
208.18
206.26
204.46
201.14
198.13
195.35
192.76
190.32
184.74
179.71
175.07
170.73
166.62
162.68
155.23
148.14
141.31
134.60
127.95

Sat. vapor
hg
224.72
228.39
231.35
233.86
236.04
237.97
239.71
241.30
244.09
246.52
248.66
250.58
252.32
256.07
259.19
261.85
264.15
266.18
267.97
270.99
273.40
275.33
276.83
277.94

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat. liquid
Sat. vapor
sf
0.0147
0.0440
0.0678
0.0879
0.1055
0.1211
0.1352
0.1481
0.1710
0.1911
0.2089
0.2251
0.2399
0.2723
0.2999
0.3242
0.3459
0.3656
0.3838
0.4164
0.4453
0.4714
0.4954
0.5178

sg
0.9520
0.9447
0.9395
0.9354
0.9322
0.9295
0.9273
0.9253
0.9222
0.9197
0.9177
0.9160
0.9145
0.9117
0.9097
0.9080
0.9066
0.9054
0.9043
0.9023
0.9003
0.8982
0.8959
0.8934

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Press.
MPa
2.5
3.0

Sat.
Temp.
T,C
77.59
86.22

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Sat. liquid
vf
0.0010562
0.0011416

Sat. vapor
vg
0.0069
0.0053

Internal energy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
uf
165.48
181.88

Sat. vapor
ug
261.84
262.16

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat. liquid
hf
168.12
185.30

Evap.
hfg
111.06
92.71

Sat. vapor
hg
279.17
278.01

Entropy,
kJ/(kgK)
Sat. liquid
Sat. vapor
sf
0.5687
0.6156

sg
0.8854
0.8735

TABLE 5C: Properties of superheated refrigerant 134a vapor


T
C

Sat.
20
10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

Sat.
10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 0.06 MPa (37.07C)


0.31003
206.12
224.72
0.33536
217.86
237.98
0.34992
224.97
245.96
0.36433
232.24
254.10
0.37861
239.69
262.41
0.39279
247.32
270.89
0.40688
255.12
279.53
0.42091
263.10
288.35
0.43487
271.25
297.34
0.44879
279.58
306.51
0.46266
288.08
315.84
0.47650
296.75
325.34
0.49031
305.58
335.00

0.9520
1.0062
1.0371
1.0675
1.0973
1.1267
1.1557
1.1844
1.2126
1.2405
1.2681
1.2954
1.3224

P = 0.1 MPa (26.43C)


0.19170 212.18 231.35
0.19770 216.77 236.54
0.20686 224.01 244.70
0.21587 231.41 252.99
0.22473 238.96 261.43
0.23349 246.67 270.02
0.24216 254.54 278.76
0.25076 262.58 287.66
0.25930 270.79 296.72
0.26779 279.16 305.94
0.27623 287.70 315.32
0.28464 296.40 324.87
0.29302 305.27 334.57

0.9395
0.9602
0.9918
1.0227
1.0531
1.0829
1.1122
1.1411
1.1696
1.1977
1.2254
1.2528
1.2799

P = 0.18 MPa (12.73C)


0.10983
219.94
239.71
0.11135
222.02
242.06
0.11678
229.67
250.69
0.12207
237.44
259.41
0.12723
245.33
268.23
0.13230
253.36
277.17
0.13730
261.53
286.24
0.14222
269.85
295.45
0.14710
278.31
304.79
0.15193
286.93
314.28
0.15672
295.71
323.92
0.16148
304.63
333.70

0.9273
0.9362
0.9684
0.9998
1.0304
1.0604
1.0898
1.1187
1.1472
1.1753
1.2030
1.2303

P = 0.20 MPa (10.09C)


0.09933 221.43 241.30
0.09938 221.50 241.38
0.10438 229.23 250.10
0.10922 237.05 258.89
0.11394 244.99 267.78
0.11856 253.06 276.77
0.12311 261.26 285.88
0.12758 269.61 295.12
0.13201 278.10 304.50
0.13639 286.74 314.02
0.14073 295.53 323.68
0.14504 304.47 333.48

0.9253
0.9256
0.9582
0.9898
1.0206
1.0508
1.0804
1.1094
1.1380
1.1661
1.1939
1.2212

2002 by CRC Press LLC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 0.14 MPa (18.80C)


0.13945 216.52 236.04
0.9322
0.14549
0.15219
0.15875
0.16520
0.17155
0.17783
0.18404
0.19020
0.19633
0.20241
0.20846
0.21449

223.03
230.55
238.21
246.01
253.96
262.06
270.32
278.74
287.32
296.06
304.95
314.01

243.40
251.86
260.43
269.13
277.97
286.96
296.09
305.37
314.80
324.39
334.14
344.04

0.9606
0.9922
1.0230
1.0532
1.0828
1.1120
1.1407
1.1690
1.1969
1.2244
1.2516
1.2785

P = 0.24 MPa (5.37C)


0.08343 224.07 244.09

0.9222

0.08574
0.08993
0.09339
0.09794
0.10181
0.10562
0.10937
0.11307
0.11674
0.12037

0.9399
0.9721
1.0034
1.0339
1.0637
1.0930
1.1218
1.1501
1.1780
1.2055

228.31
236.26
244.30
252.45
260.72
269.12
277.67
286.35
295.18
304.15

248.89
257.84
266.85
275.95
285.16
294.47
303.91
313.49
323.19
333.04

T
C

100

Sat.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

v
m3/kg
0.16622

u
kJ/kg
313.72

h
kJ/kg
343.63

P = 0.28 MPa (1.23C)


0.07193
226.38
246.52
0.07240
227.37
247.64
0.07613
235.44
256.76
0.07972
243.59
265.91
0.08320
251.83
275.12
0.08660
260.17
284.42
008992
268.64
293.81
0.09319
277.23
303.32
0.09641
285.96
312.95
0.09960
294.82
322.71
0.10275
303.83
332.60
0.10587
312.98
342.62
0.10897
322.27
352.78
0.11205
331.71
363.08

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

1.2573 0.14932

0.9197
0.9238
0.9566
0.9883
1.0192
1.0494
1.0789
1.1079
1.1364
1.1644
1.1920
1.2193
1.2461
1.2727

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

313.57 343.43

v
m3/kg

1.2483 0.12398

P = 0.32 MPa (2.48C)


0.06322 228.43 248.66

0.9177 0.05089

0.06576
0.06901
0.07214
0.07518
0.07815
0.08106
0.08392
0.08674
0.08953
0.09229
0.09503
0.09774

0.9427
0.9749
1.0062
1.0367
1.0665
1.0957
1.1243
1.1525
1.1802
1.1076
1.2345
1.2611

234.61
242.87
251.19
259.61
268.14
276.79
285.56
294.46
303.50
312.68
322.00
331.45

255.65
264.95
274.28
283.67
293.15
302.72
312.41
322.22
332.15
342.21
352.40
362.73

0.05119
0.05397
0.05662
0.05917
0.06164
0.06405
0.06641
0.06873
0.07102
0.07327
0.07550
0.07771
0.07991
0.08208

u
kJ/kg
313.27

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

343.03

P = 0.40 MPa (8.93C)


231.97 252.32
232.87
241.37
249.89
258.47
267.13
275.89
284.75
293.73
302.84
312.07
321.44
330.94
340.58
350.35

253.35
262.96
272.54
282.14
291.79
301.51
311.32
321.23
331.25
341.38
351.64
362.03
372.54
383.18

1.2326

0.9145
0.9182
0.9515
0.9837
1.0148
1.0452
1.0748
1.1038
1.1322
1.1602
1.1878
1.2149
1.2417
1.2681
1.2941

TABLE 5C: Properties of superheated refrigerant 134a vapor (continued)


T
C

Sat.
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160

Sat.
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 0.5 MPa ( 15.4C)


0.04086
253.64
256.07
0.04188
239.40
260.34
0.04416
248.20
270.28
0.04633
256.99
280.16
0.04842
265.83
290.04
0.05043
274.73
299.95
0.05240
283.72
309.92
0.05432
292.80
319.96
0.05620
302.00
330.10
0.05805
311.31
340.33
0.05988
320.74
350.68
0.06168
330.30
361.14
0.06347
339.98
371.72
0.06524
349.79
382.42

0.9117
0.9264
0.9597
0.9918
1.0229
1.0531
1.0825
1.1114
1.1397
1.1675
1.1949
1.2218
1.2484
1.2746

P = 0.8 MPa ( 31.33C)


0.02547
243.78
264.15
0.02691
252.13
273.66
0.02846
261.62
284.39
0.02992 27 1 .04
294.98
0.03131
280.45
305.50
0.03264
289.89
316.00
0.03393
299.37
326.52
0.03519
308.93
337.08
0.03642
318.57
347.71
0.03762
328.31
358.40

0.9066
0.9374
0.9711
1.0034
1.0345
1.0647
1.0940
1.1227
1.1508
1.1784

2002 by CRC Press LLC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

P = 0.6 MPa ( 21.58C)


P = 0.7 MPa (26.72C)
0.03408 238.74 259.19
0.9097 0.02918 241.42 261.85

0.9080

0.03581
0.03774
0.03958
0.04134
0.04304
0.04469
0.04631
0.04790
0.04946
0.05099
0.05251
0.05402
0.05550
0.05698

0.9197
0.9539
0.9867
1.0182
1.0487
1.0784
1.1074
1.1358
1.1637
1.1910
1.2179
1,2444
1.2706
1.2963

246.41
255.45
264.48
273.54
282.66
291.86
301.14
310.53
320.03
329.64
339.38
349.23
359.21
369.32

267.89
278.09
288.23
298.35
308.48
318.67
328.93
339.27
349.70
360.24
370.88
381.64
392.52
403.51

P = 0.90 MPa ( 35.53C)


0.02255 245.88 266.18
0.02325 250.32 271.25
0.02472 260.09 282.34
0.02609 269.72 293.21
0.02738 279.30 303.94
0.02861 288.87 314.62
0.02980 298.46 325.28
0.03095 308.11 335.96
0.03207 317.82 346.68
0.03316 327.62 357.47

0.9388
0.9719
1.0037
1.0346
1.0645
1.0938
1.1225
1.1505
1.1781
1.2053
1.2320
1.2584
1.2844
1.3100

0.02979
0.03157
0.03324
0.03482
0.03634
0.03781
0.03924
0.04064
0.04201
0.04335
0.04468
0.04599
0.04729
0.04857

244.51
253.83
263.08
272.31
281.57
290.88
300.27
309.74
319.31
328.98
338.76
348.66
358.68
368.82

265.37
275.93
286.35
296.69
307.01
317.35
327.74
338.19
348.71
359.33
370.04
380.86
391.79
402.82

0.9054
0.9217
0.9566
0.9897
1.0214
1.0521
1.0819
1.1109
1.1392
1.1670

P = 1.00 MPa ( 39.39C)


0.02020 247.77 267.97
0.02029 248.39 268.68
0.02171 258.48 280.19
0.0230 1 268.35 291.36
0.02423 278.11 302.34
0.02538 287.82 313.20
0.02649 297.53 324.01
0.02755 307.27 334.82
0.02858 317.06 345.65
0.02959 326.93 356.52

0.9043
0.9066
0.9428
0.9768
1.0093
1.0405
1.0707
1.1000
1.1286
1.1567

T
C

130
140
150
160
170
180

Sat.
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
1 30
140
150
160
170
180
190
200

v
m3/kg
0.03881
0.03997
0.04113
0.04227
0.04340
0.04452

u
kJ/kg

s
kJ/(kgK)

369.19
380.07
391.05
402.14
413.33
424.63

1.2055
1.2321
1.2584
1.2843
1.3098
1.3351

P = 1.2 MPa ( 46.32C)


0.01663
251.03
270.99
0.01712
254.98
275.52
0.01835
265.42
287.44
0.01947
275.59
298.96
0.02051
285.62
310.24
0.02150
295.59
321.39
0.02244
305.54
332.47
0.02335
315.50
343.52
0.02423
325.51
354.58
0.02508
335.58
365.68
0.02592
345.73
376.83
0.02674
355.95
388.04
0.02754
366.27
399.33
0.02834
376.69
410.70
0.02912
387.21
422.16

0.9023
0.9164
0.9527
0.9868
1.0192
1.0503
1.0804
1.1096
1.1381
1.1 660
1.1933
1.2201
1.2465
1.2724
1.2980

2002 by CRC Press LLC

338.14
348.09
358.15
368.32
378.61
389.02

h
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg
0.03423
0.03529
0.03633
0.03736
0.03838
0.03939

u
kJ/kg
337.52
347.51
357.61
367.82
378.14
388.57

h
kJ/kg
368.33
379.27
390.31
401.44
412.68
424.02

s
kJ/(kgK)
1.1943
1.2211
1.2475
1.2735
1.2992
1.3245

v
m3/kg
0.03058
0.03154
0.03250
0.03344
0.03436
0.03528

u
kJ/kg
336.88
346.92
357.06
367.31
377.66
388.12

h
kJ/kg
367.46
378.46
389.56
400.74
412.02
423.40

s
kJ/(kgK)
1.1841
1.2111
1.2376
1.2638
1.2895
1.3149

P = 1.40 MPa ( 52.43C)


P = 1.60 MPa ( 57.92C)
0.01405 253.74 273.40
0.9003 0.01208 256.00 275.33
0.8982
0.01495
0.01603
0.01701
0.01792
0.01878
0.01960
0.02039
0.02115
0.02189
0.02262
0.02333
0.02403
0.02472
0.02541
0.02608

262.17
272.87
283.29
293.55
303.73
313.88
324.05
334.25
344.50
354.82
365.22
375.71
386.29
396.96
407.73

283.10
295.31
307.10
318.63
330.02
341.32
352.59
363.86
375.15
386.49
397.89
409.36
420.90
432.53
444.24

0.9297 0.01233
0.9658 0.01340
0.9997 0.01435
1.0319 0.01521
1.0628 0.01601
1.0927 0.01677
1.1218 0.01750
1.1501 0.01820
1.1 777 0.0 1 887
1.2048 0.01953
1.2315 0.02017
1.2576 0.02080
1.2834 0.02142
1.3088 0.02203
1.3338 0.02263

258.48
269.89
280.78
291.39
301.84
312.20
322.53
332.87
343.24
353.66
364.15
374.71
385.35
396.08
406.90

278.20
291.33
303.74
315.72
327.46
339.04
350.53
361.99
373.44
384.91
396.43
407.99
419.62
431.33
443.11

0.9069
0.9457
0.9813
1.0148
1.0467
1.0773
1.1069
1.1357
1.1 638
1.1912
1.2181
1.2445
1.2704
1.2960
1.3212

TABLE 6A: Properties of some solids at 25C


SOLIDS
Substance
Asphalt
Brick, common
Carbon, diamond
Carbon, graphite
Coal
Concrete
Glass, plate
Glass, wool
Granite
Ice (0 C)
Paper
Plexiglas
Polystyrene
Polyvinyl chloride
Rubber, soft
Salt, rock
Sand, dry
Silicon
Snow, firm
Wood, hard (oak)
Wood, soft (pine)
Wool
Aluminum
Brass, 6040
Copper, commercial
Gold
Iron, cast
Iron. 304 St Steel
Lead

kg/m3
2120
1800
3250
20002500
12001500
2200
2500
200
2750
917
700
1180
920
1380
1100
21002500
1500
2330
560
720
510
100
Metals
2700
8400
8300
19300
7272
7820
11310

cP
kJ/kg K
0.92
0.84
0.51
0.61
1.26
0.88
0.80
0.66
0.89
2.04
1.2
1.44
2.3
0.96
1.67
0.92
0.8
0.70
21
1.26
1.38
1.72
0.90
0.38
0.42
0.13
0.42
0.46
0.128

TABLE 6B: Properties of some liquids


at 25C
LIQUIDS

cP
Substance
kJ/kg K
kg/ m3
Ammonia
604
4.84
Benzene
879
1.72
Butane
556
2.47
CCL,
1584
0.83
C02
680
2.9
Ethanol
783
2.46
Gasoline
750
2.08
Glycerin
1260
2.42
Kerosene
815
2.0
787
2.55
1 Methanol
noctane
692
2.23
Oil engine
885
1.9
Oil light
910
1.8
Propane
510
2.54
R12
1310
0.97
R22
1190
1.26
R134a
1206
1.43
Water
997
4.18
Liquid metals
Bismuth, Bi
10040
0.14
Lead, Pb
10660
0.16
Mercury, Hg
13580
0.14
Potassium, K
828
0.81
Sodium, Na
929
1.38
Tin, Sn
6950
0.24
NaK (56/44)
887
1.13
Zinc, Zn
6570
0.50

Tables 6A to 6C adapted from R. Sonntag, C. Borgnakke and G. J. Wylen, Fundamentals of


Classical Thermodynamics, 5th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, 1998. (With permission.)

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Gas
Acetylene
Air
Ammonia
Argon
Benzene
Butane
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Ethane
Ethanol
Ethylene
Helium
Hydrogen
Methane
Methanol
Neon
Nitric oxide
Nitrogen .
Nitrous oxide
noctane
Oxygen
Propane
R12
R22
R134a
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide
Water/steam

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 6C: Properties of various ideal gases at 25C, 100 kPa

Molecular
R
cp0
Mass
kJ/kg K
kJ/kg K
kg/m3
26.038
0.3193
1.05
1.699
28.97
0.287
1.169
1.004
NH3
17.031
0.4882
0.694
2,130
Ar
39.948
0.2081
1.613
0.520
C6H6
78.11
0.1064
3.151
0775
C4H10
58.124
0.1430
2.407
1.716
CO
28.01
0.2968
1.13
1.041
CO,
44.01
0.1889
1.775
0.842
C2H6
30.07
0.2765
1.222
1.766
CH3OH
46.069
0.1805
1.883
1.427
C2H4
28.054
0.2964
1.138
1,548
He
4.003
2.0771
0.1615
5.193
H2
2.016
4.1243
0.0813
14.209
CH4
16.043
0.5183
0.648
2.254
CH3OH
32.042
0.2595
1.31
1.405
Ne
20.183
0.4120
0.814
1.03
NO
30.006
0.2771
1.21
0.993
N
28.013
0.2968
1.13
1.042
N2O
44.013
0.1889
1.775
0.879
C8H18
114.23
0.07279
0.092
1.711
O2
31.999
0.2598
1.292
0.922
C3H8
44.094
0.1886
1.808
1.679
CCl2F2
120.914
0.06876
4.98
0.616
CHClF2,
86.469
0.09616
3.54
0.658
C2F4H2
102.03
0.08149
4.20
0.852
SO2
64.059
0.1298
2.618
0.624
SO3
80.053
0.10386
3.272
0.635
H2 O
18.02
0.4614
0.727
1.86
Chemical
Formula
C2H2

cv0
kJ/kg K
1.380
0.717
1.642
0.312
0.67
1.573
0.744
0.653
1.490
1.246
1.252
3.116
1.008
1.736
1.146
0.618
0,716
0.745
0.690
1.638
0.662
1.490
0.547
0.562
0.771
0.494
0.531
1.40

k
1.231
1.400
1.297
1.667
1.157
1.091
1.399
1.289
1.186
1.145
1.237
1.667
1.409
1.299
1.227
1.667
1.387
1.400
1.274
1.044
1.393
1.126
1.126
1.171
1.106
1.263
1.196
1.329

TABLE 6D: Curve fits for thermodynamic properties of liquids


Constants for the equation: cp0/R = A + BT + CT2, T from 273.15 to 373.15 K
(h0 h0,ref) /R = A (TTref) + (B/2)(T2Tref2) + (C/3) (T3 Tref 3)
(s0 s0,ref) /R = A ln (T/Tref) + B(TTref) + (C/2)(T2 Tref 2)
h0,ref and s0,ref are typically set to zero at Tref.
Chemical Species
Ammonia
Aniline
Benzene
1,3Butadiene
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroform
Cyclohexane
Ethanol
Ethylene oxide
Methanol
nPropanol
Sulfur trioxide
Toluene
Water

A
22.626
15.819
0.747
22.711
21.155
11.278
19.215
9.048
33.866
21.039
13.431
41.653
2.930
15.133
8.712

103 B
100.75
29.03
67.96
87.96
48.28
32.86
42.89
141.38
172.60
86.41
51.28
210.32
137.08
6.79
1.25

106 C
192.71
15.80
37.78
205.79
101.14
31.90
83.01
161.62
349.17
172.28
131.13
427.20
84.73
16.35
0.18

Tables 6D and 6F adapted from Smith and Van Ness, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill Book Company, 1987. Originally, the liquid correlations were presented by J. W. Miller, Jr., G. R. Schorr, and C.
L. Yaws, Chem. Engng., 83(23): 129, 1976 and the solid correlations by K.K. Kelley,
U.S. Bur. Mines. Bull. 584, 1960; L. B. Pankratz, U.S. Bur. Mines Bull., 672, 1982.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Table 6E: Curve fits for thermodynamic properties of solids


Constants for the equation cp0/R = A+ BT + DT2
T (kelvins) from 298 K to Tmax
(h0 h0,ref) /R = A (TTref) + (B/2)(T2Tref2) D (1/T 1/Tref)
(s0 s0,ref) /R = A ln (T/Tref) + B(TTref) (D/2) (1/T2 1/Tref2)
h0,ref and s0,ref are typically set to zero at Tref.
Chemical Species
CaO
CaCO3
Ca(OH)2
CaC2
CaCl2
C(Graphite)
Cu
CuO
Fe()
Fe2O3
Fe3O4
FeS
I2
NH4C1
Na
NaCl
NaOH
NaHCO3
S(Rhombic)
SiO2 (quartz)

Tmax
2,000
1,200
700
720
1,055
2000
1,357
1,400
1.043
960
850
411
386.8
458
371
1,073
566
400
368.3
847

A
6.104
12.572
9.597
8.254
8.646
1.771
2.677
5.780
0.111
11.812
9.594
2.612
6.481
5.939
1.988
5.526
0.121
5.128
4.114
4.871

103 B
0.443
2.637
5.435
1.429
1.530
0.771
0.815
0.973
6.111
9.697
27.t12
13.286
1.502
16.105
4.688
1.963
16.316
18.148
1.728
5.365

105 D
1.047
3.120
1.042
0.302
0.867
0.035
0.874
1.150
1.976
0.409

1.948
0.783
1.001

From K. K. Kelley, U.S. Bur. Mines Bull. 584, 1960; L. B. Pankratz, U.S. Bur. Mines Bull.
672, 1982.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 6F1: Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of gases


c P0 R = a1 + a 2 T + a 3 T 2 + a 4 T 3 + a 5 T 4

ho
a
a
a
a
= a1 + 2 T + 3 T 2 + 4 T 3 + 5 T 4 + a 6
RT
2
3
4
5
a3 2 a4 3 a5 4
s0 R = a1 LnT + a 2 T +
T +
T +
T + a7
2
3
4
Species
CO
CO2
H2
H
OH
H2O
N2
N
NO
NO2
O2
O

T(K)
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000
1,0005,000
3001,000

a1
0.03025078E+02
0.03262451E+02
0.04453623E+02
0.02275724E+02
0.02991423E+02
0.03298124E+02
0.02500000E+02
0.02500000E+02
0.02882730E+02
0.03637266E+02
0.02672145E+02
0,03386842E+02
0.02926640E+02
0.03298677E+02
0.02450268E+02
0.02503071E+02
0.03245435E+02
0.03376541E+02
0.04682859E+02
0.02670600E+02
0.03697578E+02
0.03212936E+02
0.02542059E+02
0.02946428E+02

a2
0.14426885E02
0.15119409E02
0.03140168E01
0.09922072E01
0.07000644E02
0.08249441E02
0.00000000E+00
0.00000000E+00
0.10139743E02
0.01850910E02
0.03056293E01
0.03474982E01
0.14879768E02
0.14082404E02
0.10661458E03
0.02180018E03
0.12691383E02
0.12530634E02
0.02462429E01
0.07838500E01
0.06135197E02
0.11274864E02
0.02755061E03
0.16381665E02

a3
0.05630827E05
0.03881755E04
0.12784105E05
0.10409113E04
0.05633828E06
0.08143015E05
0.00000000E+00
0.00000000E+00
0.02276877E05
0.16761646E05
0.08730260E05
0.06354696E04
0.05684760E05
0.03963222E04
0.07465337E06
0.05420529E06
0.05015890E05
0.033027SOE04
0.10422585E05
0.08063864E04
0.12588420E06
0.05756150E05
0.03102803E07
0.02421031E04

a4
0.10185813E09
0.05581944E07
0.02393996E08
0.06866686E07
0.09231578E10
0.09475434E09
0.00000000E+00
0.00000000E+00
0.02174683E09
0.02387202E07
0.12009964E09
0.06968581E07
0.10097038E09
0.05641515E07
0.01879652E09
0.05647560E09
0.09169283E09
0.052178I0E07
0.01976902E08
0.06161714E07
0.01775281E09
0.13138773E08
0.04551067E10
0.16028431E08

a5
0.06910951E13
0.02474951E10
0.16690333E13
0.02117280E10
0.15827519E14
0.04134872E11
0.00000000E+00
0.00000000E+00
0.05126305E14
0.08431442E11
0.06391618E13
0.02506588E10
0.06753351E13
0.02444854E10
0.10259839E14
0.02099904E12
0.06275419E13
0.02446262E10
0.13917168E13
0.02320150E10
0.11364354E14
0.08768554E11
0.04368051E14
0.03890696E11

a6
0.14268350E+05
0.14310539E+05
0.04896696E+06
0.04837314E+06
0.08350340E+04
0.10125209E+04
0.02547162E+06
0.02547162E+06
0.03886888E+05
0.03606781E+05
0.02989921E+06
0.03020811E+06
0.09227977E+04
0.10209999E+04
0.05611604E+06
0.05609890E+06
0.09800840E+05
0.09817961E+05
0.02261292E+05
0.02896290E+05
0.12339301E+04
0.10052490E+04
0.02923080E+06
0.02914764E+06

a7
0.06108217E+02
0.04848897E+02
0.09553959E+01
0.10188488E+02
0.13551101E+01
0.03294094E+02
0.04601176E+01
0.04601176E+01
0.05595712E+02
0.13588605E+01
0.06862817E+02
0.02590232E+02
0.05980528E+02
0.03950372E+02
0.04448758E+02
0.04167566E+02
0.06417293E+02
0.05829590E+02
0.09885995E+01
0.11612071E+02
0.03189165E+02
0.06034737E+02
0.04920308E+02
0.02963995E+02

Table 7F1 adapted from S. R. Turns, An Introduction to Combustion, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co., 2000. Originally from Kee, R. J.,
Rupley, F. K, and Miller, J. A., The Chemkin Thermodynamic Data Base, Sandia Report, SAND878215B, reprinted March 1991.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE6F2: Curve fit for thermodynamic properties of gases (continued)


cP,0/R = A + BT + CT 2 + D T2 from 298 K to Tmax
(h0 h0,ref) /R = A (TTref) + (B/2)(T2Tref2) + (C/3) (T3 Tref 3 ) D (1/T 1/Tref)
(s0 s0,ref) /R = A ln (T/Tref) + B(TTref) + (C/2)(T2 Tref 2 ) (D/2) (1/T2 1/Tref2)
where href and sref are typically set to zero at Tref.
Chemical Species
Paraffins:
Methane
Ethane
Propane
nButane
isoButane
nPentane
nHexane
nHeptane
nOctane
1Alkenes:
Ethylene
Propylene
1Butene
1Pentene
1Hexene
1Heptene
1Octene
Miscellaneous organics:
Acetaldehyde
Acetylene
Benzene
1,3Butadiene
Cyclohexane
Ethanol
Ethylbenzene
Ethylene oxide
Formaldehyde
Methanol
Toluene
Styrene
Miscellaneous inorganics
Air
Ammonia
Bromine
Carbon disulfide
Chlorine
Hydrogen sulfide
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen cyanide
Dinitrogen oxide
Dinitrogen tetroxide

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Tmax

103B

106C

CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C7H16
C8H18

1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500

1.702
1.131
1.213
1.935
1.677
2.464
3.025
3.570
8.163

9.081
19.225
28.785
36.915
37.853
45.351
53.722
62.127
70.567

2.164
5.561
8.824
11.402
11.945
14.111
16.791
19.486
22.208

C2H4
C3H6
C4H8
C5H10
C6H12
C7H14
C8H16

1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500

1.424
1.637
1.967
2.691
3.220
3.768
4.324

14.394
22.706
31.630
39.753
48.189
56.588
64.960

4.392
6.915
9.873
12.447
15.157
17.847
20.521

C2H4O
C2H2
C6H6
C4H6
C6H12
C2H6O
C8H10
C2H4O
CH2O
CH4O
C7H8
C8H8

1,000
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,000
1,500
1,500
1,500
1,500

1.693
6.132
0.206
2.734
3.876
3.518
1.124
0.385
2.264
2.211
b.290
2.050

17.978
1.952
39.064
26.786
63.249
20.001
55.380
23.463
7.022
12.216
47.052
50.192

6.158

NH3
Br2
CS2
CI2
H2S
HCl
HCN
N2O
N2O4

2,000
1,800
3,000
1,800
3,000
2,300
2,000
2,500
2,000
2,000

3.355
3.578
4.493
6.311
4.442
3.931
3.156
4.736
5.328
11.660

0.575
3.020
0.056
0.805
0.089
1.490
0.623
1.359
1.214
2.257

105D

1.299
13.301
8.882
20.928
6.002
18.476
9.296
1.877
3.450
15.716
16.662
0.016
0.186
0.154
0.906
0.344
0.232
0.151
0.725
0.928
2.787

Chemical Species
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide

SO2
SO3

Tmax
2,000
2,000

A
5.699
8.060

103B
0.801
1.056

106C

105D
1.015
2.028

Table 6F2 adapted from Smith and Van Ness, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill Book Company, 1987 (Selected from H.M. Spencer, Ind.
Eng. Chem., 40: 2152, 1948; K.K. Kelley, U.S. Bur. Mines Bull., 584, 1960; L.B. Pankratz,
U.S. Bur. Mines Bull., 672, 1982).

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 7: Ideal gas properties of air

T, K

h, kJ/kg

Pr

u, kJ/kg

vr

200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
285
290
295
300
305
310
315
320
325
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590

199.97
209.97
219.97
230.02
240.02
250.05
260.09
270.11
280.13
285.14
290.16
295.17
300.19
305.22
310.24
315.27
320.29
325.31
330.34
340.42
350.49
360.58
370.67
380.77
390.88
400.98
411.12
421.26
431.43
441.61
451.80
462.02
472.24
482.49
492.74
503.02
513.32
523.63
533.98
544.35
555.74
565.17
575.59
586.04
596.52

0.3363
0.3987
0.4690
0.5477
0.6355
0.7329
0.8405
0.9590
1.0889
1.1584
1.2311
1.3068
1.3860
1.4686
1.5546
1.6442
1.7375
1.8345
1.9352
2.149
2.379
2.626
2.892
3.176
3.481
3.806
4.153
4.522
4.915
5.332
5.775
6.245
6.742
7.268
7.824
8.411
9.031
9.684
10.37
11.10
11.86
12.66
13.50
14.38
15.31

142.56
149.69
156.82
164.00
171.13
178.28
185.45
192.60
199.75
203.33
206.91
210.49
214.07
217.67
221.25
224.85
228.42
232.02
235.61
242.82
250.02
257.24
264.46
271.69
278.93
286.16
293.43
300.69
307.99
315.30
322.62
329.97
337.32
344.70
352.08
359.49
366.92
374.36
381.84
389.34
396.86
404.42
411.97
419.55
427.15

1707.0
1512.0
1346.0
1205.0
1084.0
979.0
887.8
808.0
738.0
706.1
676.1
647.9
621.2
596.0
572.3
549.8
528.6
508.4
489.4
454.1
422.2
393.4
367.2
343.4
321.5
301.6
283.3
266.6
251.1
236.8
223.6
211.4
200.1
189.5
179.7
170.6
162.1
154.1
146.7
139.7
133.1
127.0
121.2
115.7
110.6

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s0, kJ/(kgK) g0, kJ/(kgK)


1 .29559
-59.148
1.34444
-72.3624
1.39105
-86.061
1.43557
-100.1611
1.47824
-114.7576
1.51917
-129.7425
1.55848
-145.1148
1.59634
-160.9018
1.63279
-177.0512
1.65055 -185.26675
1.66802
-193.5658
1.68515 -201.94925
1.70203
-210.419
1.71865 -218.96825
1.73498
-227.6038
1.75106
-236.3139
1.76690
-245.118
1.78249 -253.99925
1.79783
-262.9439
1.82790
-281.066
1.85708
-299.488
1.88543
-318.1748
1.91313
-337.1881
1.94001
-356.4338
1.96633
-375.9887
1.99194
-395.796
2.01699
-415.8459
2.04142
-436.1364
2.06533
-456.6619
2.08870
-477.418
2.11161
-498.4245
2.13407
-519.6522
2.15604
-541.0988
2.17760
-562.758
2.19876
-584.6524
2.21952
-606.74
2.23993
-629.0443
2.25997
-651.5544
2.27967
-674.2451
2.29906
-697.1424
2.31809
-719.2095
2.33685
-743.466
2.35531
-766.9367
2.37348
-790.5784
2.39140
-814.406

T, K

h, kJ/kg

Pr

u, kJ/kg

vr

600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720
730
740
750
760
780
800
820
840
860
880
900
920
940
960
980
1000
1020
1040
1060
1080
1100
1120
1140
1160
1180
1200
1220
1240
1260
1280
1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

607.02
617.53
628.07
683.63
649.22
659.84
670.47
681.14
691.82
702.52
713.27
724.04
734.82
745.62
756.44
767.29
778.18
800.03
821.95
843.98
866.08
888.27
910.56
932.93
955.38
977.92
1000.55
1023.25
1046.04
1068.89
1091.85
1114.86
1137.89
1161.07
1184.28
1207.57
1230.92
1254.34
1277.79
1301.31
1324.93
1348.55
1372.24
1395.97
1419.76
1443.60
1467.49
1491.44

16.28
17.30
18.36
19.84
20.64
21.86
23.13
24.46
25.85
27.29
28.80
30.38
32.02
33.72
35.50
37.35
39.27
43.35
47.75
52.59
57.60
63.09
68.98
75.29
82.05
89.28
97.00
105.2
114.0
123.4
133.3
143.9
155.2
167.1
179.7
193.1
207.2
222.2
238.0
254.7
272.3
290.8
310.4
330.9
352.5
375.3
399.1
424.2

434.78
442.42
450.09
457.78
465.50
473.25
481.01
488.81
496.62
504.45
512.33
520.23
528.14
536.07
544.02
551.99
560.01
576.12
592.30
608.59
624.95
641.40
657.95
674.58
691.28
708.08
725.02
741.98
758.94
776.10
793.36
810.62
827.88
845.33
862.79
880.35
897.91
915.57
933.33
951.09
968.95
986.90
1004.76
1022.82
1040.88
1058.94
1077.10
1095.26

105.8
101.2
96.92
92.84
88.99
85.34
81.89
78.61
75.50
72.56
69.76
67.07
64.53
62.13
59.82
57.63
55.54
51.64
48.08
44.84
41.85
39.12
36.61
34.31
32.18
30.22
28.40
26.73
25.17
23.72
23.29
21.14
19.98
18.896
17.886
16.946
16.064
15.241
14.470
13.747
13.069
12.435
11.835
11.275
10.747
10.247
9.780
9.337

2002 by CRC Press LLC

s0, kJ/(kgK) g0, kJ/(kgK)


2.40902
2.42644
2.44356
2.46048
2.47716
2.49364
2.50985
2.52589
2.54175
2.55731
2.57277
2.588 0
2.60319
2.61803
2.63280
2.64737
2.66176
2.69013
2.71787
2.74504
2.77170
2.79783
2.82344
2.84856
2.87324
2.89748
2.92128
2.94468
2.96770
2.99034
3.01260
3.03449
3.05608
3.07732
3.09825
3.11883
3.13916
3.15916
3.17888
3.19834
3.21751
3.23638
3.25510
3.27345
3.29160
3.30959
3.32724
3.34474

-838.392
-862.5984
-886.9372
-866.4724
-936.1624
-961.026
-986.031
-1011.2063
-1036.57
-1062.0239
-1087.669
-1113.44
-1139.4768
-1165.5419
-1191.832
-1218.2375
-1244.7576
-1298.2714
-1352.346
-1406.9528
-1462.148
-1517.8638
-1574.0672
-1630.774
-1688.0008
-1745.7112
-1803.8788
-1862.5364
-1921.66
-1981.2568
-2041.254
-2101.6994
-2162.6764
-2223.982
-2285.76
-2347.8962
-2410.5056
-2473.4688
-2536.866
-2600.6648
-2664.7824
-2729.2888
-2794.288
-2859.515
-2925.152
-2991.2506
-3057.5564
-3124.3012

T, K

h, kJ/kg

Pr

u, kJ/kg

vr

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480
1500
1520
1540
1560
1580
1600
1620
1640
1660
1680
1700
1750
1800
1850
1900
1950
2000
2050
2100
2150
2200
2250

1515.42
1539.44
1563.51
1587.63
1611.79
1635.97
1660.23
1684.51
1708.82
1733.17
1757.57
1782.00
1806.46
1830.96
1855.50
1880.1
1941.6
2003.3
2065.3
2127.4
2189.7
2252.1
2314.6
2377.7
2440.3
2503.2
2566.4

450.5
478.0
506.9
537.1
568.8
601.9
636.5
672.8
710.5
750.0
791.2
834.1
878.9
925.6
974.2
1025
1161
1310
1475
1655
1852
2068
2303
2559
2837
3138
3464

1113.52
1131.77
1150.13
1168.49
1186.95
1205.41
1223.87
1242.43
1260.99
1279.65
1298.30
1316.96
1335.72
1354.48
1373.24
1392.7
1439.8
1487.2
1534.9
1582.6
1630.6
1678.7
1726.8
1775.3
1823.8
1872.4
1921.3

8.919
8.526
8.153
7.801
7.468
7.152
6.854
6.569
6.301
6.046
5.804
5.574
5.355
5.147
4.949
4.761
4.328
3.994
3.601
3.295
3.022
2.776
2.555
2.356
2.175
2.012
1.864

s0, kJ/(kgK) g0, kJ/(kgK)


3.36200
3.37901
3.39586
3.41247
3.42892
3.44516
3.46120
3.47712
3.49276
3.50829
3.52364
3.53879
3.55381
3.56867
3.58335
3.5979
3.6336
3.6684
3.7023
3.7354
3.7677
3.7994
3.8303
3.8605
3.8901
3.9191
'3.9474

-3191.38
-3258.7542
-3326.5284
-3394.5762
-3463.0116
-3531.77
-3600.794
-3670.2548
-3739.8856
-3809.9282
-3880.254
-3950.8398
-4021.7884
-4093.0322
-4164.528
-4236.33
-4417.2
-4599.82
-4783.955
-4969.86
-5157.315
-5346.7
-5537.515
-5729.35
-5923.415
-6118.82
-6315.25

Pr, Relative pressure, vr: relative volume. Source: adopted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th
Ed., McGraw Hill Book Co., 1983, pp 785-786. Originally from J.H . Keenan and J. Keye,
Gas Tables, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1948. Pr =0.00368 exp ( - s0 /R),
vr = 2.87 T/pr, g0 =
0
h- Ts

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 8: Ideal gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO


MW = 28.010, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 110, 541
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
28.687
29.072
29.078
29.433
29.857
30.407
31.089
31.860
32.629
33.255
33.725
34.148
34.530
34.872
35.178
35.451
35.694
35.910
36.101
36.271
36.421
36.553
36.670
36.774
36,867
36.950
37.025
37.093
37.155
37.213
37.268
37.321
37.372
37.422
37.471
37.521
37.570
37.619
37.667
37.716
37.764
37.810
37.855
37.897

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,835
0
54
2,979
5,943
8,955
12,029
15,176
18,401
21,697
25,046
28,440
31,874
35,345
38,847
42,379
45,937
49,517
53,118
56,737
60,371
64,020
67,682
71,354
75,036
78,727
82,426
86,132
89,844
93,562
97,287
101,016
104,751
108,490
112,235
115,985
119,739
123,499
127,263
131,032
134,806
138,585
142,368
146,156

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
111,308
110,541
110,530
110,121
110,017
110,156
110,477
110,924
111,450
112,022
112,619
113,240
113,881
114,543
115,225
115,925
116,644
117,380
118,132
118,902
119,687
120,488
121,305
122,137
122,984
123,847
124,724
125,616
126,523
127,446
128,383
129,335
130,303
131,285
132,283
133,295
134,323
135,366
136,424
137,497
138,585
139,687
140,804
141,935

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
186.018
197.548
197.728
206.141
212.752
218.242
222.979
227.180
230.978
234.450
237.642
240.595
243.344
245.915
248,332
250.611
252.768
254.814
256.761
258.617
260.391
262.088
263.715
265.278
266.781
268.229
269.625
270.973
272.275
273.536
274'.757
275.941
277.090
278.207
279.292
280.349
281.377
282.380
283.358
284.312
285.244
286.154
287.045
287.915

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-150,580
-169,410
-169,805
-190,018
-210,974
-232,531
-254,597
-277,109
-300,020
-323,294
-346,901
-370,815
-395,014
-419,477
-444,192
-469,140
-494,310
-519,689
-545,269
-571,038
-596,991
-623,115
-649,404
-675,854
-702,458
-729,209
-756,103
-783,133
-810,295
-837,587
-865,001
-892,536
-920,187
-947,955
-975,828
-1,003,812
-1,031,897
-1,060,086
-1,088,374
-1,116,757
-1,145,235
-1,173,803
-1,202,467
-1,231,211

4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

37.936
37.970
37.998
38.019
38.031
38.033

149,948
153,743
157,541
161,342
165,145
168,948

143,079
144,236
145,407
146,589
147,783
148,987

288.768
289.602
290.419
291.219
292.003
292.771

-1,260,049
-1,288,967
-1,317,969
-1,347,050
-1,376,211
-1,405,448

Tables 8 to 19 except for g 0 (T) adapted from S. R. Turns, An Introduction to Combustion,


2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co., 2000.
For Tbles A-8 to A-19,
g 0= h f,2980+ ( ht ,T ht ,298 )-T s 0, g 0 g f0, s k(T,pk) = s 0 - R ln (pk/1), g k(T.pk) = g 0 + R T ln
(pk/1)

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 9: Ideal gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2


MW = 44.011, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 393,546
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
32.387
37.198
37.280
41.276
44.569
47.313
49.617
51.550
53.136
54.360
55.333
56.205
56.984
57.677
58.292
58.836
59.316
59.738
60.108
60.433
60.717
60.966
61.185
61.378
61.548
61.701
61.839
61.965
62.083
62.194
62.301
62.406
62.510
62.614
62,718
62.825
62.932
63,041
63.151
63.261
63.369
63.474
63.575
63.669

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
3,423
0
69
4,003
8,301
12,899
17,749
22,810
28,047
33,425
38,911
44,488
50,149
55,882
61,681
67,538
73,446
79,399
85,392
91,420
97,477
103,562
109,670
115,798
121,944
128,107
134,284
140,474
146,677
152,891
159,116
165,351
171,597
177,853
184,120
190,397
196,685
202,983
209,293
215,613
221,945
228,287
234,640
241,002

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
393,483
393,546
393,547
393,617
393,712
393,844
394,013
394,213
394,433
394,659
394,875
395,083
395,287
395,488
395,691
395,897
396,110
396,332
396,564
396,808
397,065
397,338
397,626
397,931
398,253
398,594
398,952
399,329
399,725
400,140
400,573
401,025
401,495
401,983
402,489
403,013
403,553
404,110
404,684
405,273
405,878
406,499
407,135
407,785

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
199.876
213.736
213.966
225.257
234.833
243.209
250.680
257.436
263.603
269.268
274.495
279.348
283.878
288.127
292.128
295.908
299.489
302.892
306.132
309.223
312.179
315.009
317.724
320.333
322.842
325.259
327.590
329.841
332.018
334.124
336.165
338.145
340.067
341.935
343.751
345.519
347.242
348.922
350.561
353.161
353.725
355.253
356.748
358.210

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-436,944
-457,239
-457,667
-479,646
-502,662
-526,572
-551,273
-576,685
-602,742
-629,389
-656,580
-684,276
-712,438
-741,042
-770,057
-799,461
-829,231
-859,353
-889,805
-920,572
-951,645
-983,004
-1,014,641
-1,046,547
-1,078,707
-1,111,112
-1,143,755
-1,176,627
-1,209,721
-1,243,027
-1,276,542
-1,310,259
-1,344,170
-1,378,272
-1,412,555
-1,447,017
-1,481,656
-1,516,467
-1,551,441
-1,590,577
-1,621,874
-1,657,322
-1,692,922
-1,728,668

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
63.753
63.825
63.881
63.918
63.932
63.919

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
247,373
253,752
260,138
266,528
272,920
279,313

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
408,451
409,132
409,828
410,539
411,267
412,010

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
359.642
361.044
362.417
363.763
365.081
366.372

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-1,764,562
-1,800,596
-1,836,768
-1,873,080
-1,909,523
-1,946,093

TABLE 10: Ideal gas properties of hydrogen atom, H


MW = 1.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 217,977
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20,786
20,786
M786
20.786

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,040
0
38
2,117
4,196
6,274
8,353
10,431
12,510
14,589
16,667
18,746
20,824
22,903
24,982
27,060
29,139
31,217
33,296
35,375
37,453
39,532
41,610
43,689
45,768
47,846
49,925
52,003
54,082
56,161
58,239
60,318
62,396
64,475
66,554
68,632
70,711
72,789
74,868
76,947
79,025
81,104
83,182
85,261

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
217,346
217,977
217,989
218,617
219,236
219,848
220,456
221,059
221,653
222,234
222,793
223,329
223,843
224,335
224,806
225,256
225,687
226,099
226,493
226,868
227,226
227,568
227,894
228,204
228,499
228,780
229,047
229,301
229,543
229,772
229,989
230,195
230,390
230,574
230,748
230,912
231,067
231,212
231,348
231,475
231,594
231,704
231,805
231,897

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
106.305
114.605
114.733
120.713
125.351
129.351
132.345
135.121
137.569
139.759
141.740
143.549
145.213
146.753
148.187
149.528
150.789
151.977
153.101
154.167
155.181
156.148
157.072
157.956
158.805
159.620
160.405
161.161
161.890
162,595
163.276
163.936
164.576
165.196
165.799
166.954
166.954
167.508
168.048
168.575
169.088
169.589
170.078
170.556

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
194,676
183,825
183,595
171,809
159,498
146,640
133,689
120,311
106,675
92,807
78,730
64,464
50,024
35,426
20,679
5,792
-9,225
-24,365
-39,619
-54,982
-70,450
-86,017
-101,679
-117,428
-133,268
-149,189
-165,192
-181,271
-197,422
-213,647
-229,940
-246,300
-262,728
-279,214
-295,766
-314,425
-329,042
-345,764
-362,542
-379,376
-396,259
-413,193
-430,176
-447,208

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

2002 by CRC Press LLC

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
87,340
89,418
91,497
93,575
95,654
97,733

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
231,981
232,056
232,123
232,180
232,228
232,267

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
171.023
171.480
171.927
172.364
172.793
173.213

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-464,287
-481,413
-498,583
-515,795
-533,055
-550,355

TABLE 11: Ideal gas properties of hydrogen, H2


MW = 2.02, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) =0
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
906
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
28.522
28.871
28.877
29.120
29.275
29.375
29.461
29.581
29.792
30.160
30.625
31.077
31.516
31.943
32.356
32.758
33.146
33.522
33.885
34.236
34.575
34.901
35.216
35.50
35.811
36.091
36.361
36.621
36.871
37.112
37.343
37.566
37.781
37.989
38.190
38.385
38.574
38.759
38.939
39.116
39.291
39.464
39.636

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,818
0
53
2,954
5,04
8,807
11,749
14,701
17,668
20,664
23,704
26,789
29,919
33,092
36,307
39,562
42,858
46,191
49,562
52,968
56,408
59,882
63,388
66,925
70,492
74,087
77,710
81,359
85,033
88,733
92,455
96,201
99,968
103,757
107,566
111,395
115,243
119,109
122,994
126,897
130,817
134,755
138,710

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
119.137
130.595
130.773
139.116
145.632
150.979
155.514
159.455
162.950
166.106
169.003
171.687
174.192
176.543
178.761
180.862
182.860
184.765
186.587
188.334
190.013
191.629
193.187
194.692
196.148
197.558
198.926
200.253
201.542
202.796
204.017
205.206
206.365
207.496
208.600
209.679
210.733
211.764
212.774
213.762
214.730
215.679
216.609

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-26,645
-38,917
-39,179
-52,692
-67,776
-81,780
-97,111
-112,863
-129,965
-145,442
-162,199
-179,235
-196,531
-214,068
-231,835
-249,817
-268,004
-286,386
-304,953
-323,700
-342,619
-361,702
-380,942
-400,336
-419,878
-439,564
-459,390
-479,349
-499,439
-519,655
-539,998
-560,458
-581,037
-601,729
-622,534
-643,449
-664,469
-685,594
-706,825
-728,151
-749,576
-771,097
-792,709

T
(K)
4,406
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
39.808
39.981
40.156
40.334
40.516
40.702
40.895

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
142,682
146,672
150,679
154,703
158,746
162,806
166,886

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
217.522
218.419
219,300
220.165
221.016
221.853
222.678

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-815,720
-836,214
-858,101
-880,073
-902,131
-924,274
-946,504

TABLE12: Ideal gas Properties of water (g), H2O


MW = 18.02, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 241,845, enthalpy of vaporization (kJ/kmol) = 44,010
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
32.255
33.448
33.468
34.437
35.337
36.288
37.364
38.587
39.930
41.315
42.638
43.874
45.027
46.102
47.103
48.035
48.901
49.705
50.451
51.143
51.784
52.378
52.927
53.435
53.905
54.340
54.742
55.115
55.459
55.779
56.076
56.353
56.610
56.851
57.076
57.288
57.488
57.676
57.856
58.026
58.190
58.346
58.496
58.641

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
3,227
0
62
3,458
6,947
10,528
14,209
18,005
21,930
25,993
30,191
34,518
38,963
43,520
48,181
52,939
57,786
62,717
67,725
72,805
77,952
83,160
88,426
93,744
99,112
104,524
109,979
115,472
121,001
126,563
132,156
137,777
143,426
149,099
154,795
160,514
166,252
172,011
177,787
183,582
189,392
195,219
201,061
206,918

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
240,838
241,845
241,865
242,858
243,822
244,753
245,638
246,461
247,209
247,879
248,475
249,005
249,477
249,895
250,267
250,597
250,890
251,151
251,384
251,594
251,783
251,955
252,113
252,261
252,399
252,532
252,659
252,785
252,909
253,034
253,161
253,290
253,423
253,561
253,704
253,852
254,007
254,169
254,338
254,515
254,699
254,892
255,093
255,303

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
175.602
188.715
188.922
198.686
206.467
212.992
218.665
223.733
228.354
232.633
236.634
240.397
243.955
247.332
250.547
253.617
256.556
259.374
262.081
264.687
267.198
269.621
271.961
274.225
276.416
278.539
280.597
282.595
284.535
286.420
288.254
290.039
291.777
293.471
295.122
296.733
298.305
299.841
301.341
302.808
304.243
305.647
307.022
308.368

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-280,192
-298,082
-298,460
-317,861
-338,132
-359,112
-380,702
-402,826
-425,434
-448,485
-471,951
-495,803
-520,024
-544,590
-569,485
-594,693
-620,204
-646,001
-672,074
-698,414
-725,009
-751,851
-778,929
-806,241
-833,773
-861,522
-889,478
-917,639
-945,996
-974,542
-1,003,276
-1,032,193
-1,061,283
-1,090,547
-1,119,977
-1,149,570
-1,179,322
-1,209,230
-1,239,288
-1,269,495
-1,299,849
-1,330,343
-1,360,979
-1,391,746

4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

2002 by CRC Press LLC

58.781
58.916
59.047
59.173
59.295
59.412

212,790
218,674
224,573
230,484
236,407
242,343

255,522
255,751
255,990
256,239
256,501
256,774

309.688
310.981
312.250
313.494
314.716
315915

-1,422,651
-1,453,684
-1,484,847
-1,516,132
-1,547,546
-1,579,077

TABLE 13: Ideal gas properties of nitrogen atom, N


MW = 14.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 472,629
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
20.790
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.786
20.792
20.795
20.795
20.793
20.790
20.786
20.782
20.779
20.777
20.776
20.778
20.783
20.791
20.802
20.818
20.838
20.864
20.895
20.931
20,974
21.024
21.080
21.143
21.214
21.292
21.378
21.472
21.575
21.686
21.905
21934
22.071
22.217
22.372

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,040
0
38
2,117
4,196
6,274
8,353
10,431
12,510
14,589
16,668
18,747
20,826
22,906
24,985
27,064
29,142
31,220
33,298
35,376
37,453
39,531
41,610
43,690
45,771
47,853
49,938
52,026
54,118
56,213
58,313
60,418
62,529
64,647
66,772
68,905
71,048
73,200
75,363
77,537
79,724
81,924
84,139
86,368

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
472,008
472,629
472,640
473,259
473,864
474,450
475,010
475,537
476,027
476,483
476,911
477,316
477,700
478,064
478,411
478,742
479,059
479,363
479,656
479,939
480,213
480,479
480,740
480,995
481,246
481,494
481,740
481,985
482,230
482,476
482,723
482,972
483,224
483,481
483,742
484,009
484,283
484,564
484,853
485,151
485,459
485,779
486,110
486,453

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
144.889
153.189
153.317
159.297
163.935
167.725
170.929
173.705
176.153
178.343
180.325
182.134
183.798
185.339
186.774
188.115
189.375
190.563
191.687
192.752
193.766
194.733
195.657
196.542
197.391
198.208
198.995
199,754
200.488
201.199
201.887
202.555
203.205
203.837
204.453
205.054
205.641
206.215
206.777
207.328
207.868
208.398
208.919
209.431

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
441,611
426,979
426,672
411,027
394,858
378,268
361,332
344,096
326,601
308,875
290,940
272,815
254,518
236,060
217,453
198,709
179,834
160,836
141,722
122,501
103,173
83,747
64,228
44,618
24,923
5,141
-14,720
-34,656
-54,668
-74,755
-94,908
-115,129
-135,419
-155,770
-176,185
-196,660
-217,195
-237,788
-258,438
-279,146
-299,906
-320,719
-341,584
-362,499

4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

2002 by CRC Press LLC

22.536
22.709
22.891
23.082
23.282
23.491

88,613
90,875
93,155
95,454
97,772
100,111

486,811
487,184
487,573
487,979
488,405
488,850

209.936
210.433
210.923
211.407
211.885
212.358

-383,470
-404,488
-425,554
-446,671
-467,836
-489,050

TABLE 14: Ideal gas properties of nitric oxide, NO


MW = 30.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 90,297
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
29.374
29.728
29.735
30.103
30.570
31.174
31.908
32.715
33.489
34.076
34.483
34.850
35.180
35.474
35.737
35.972
36.180
36.364
36.527
36.671
36.797
36.909
37.008
37.095
37.173
37.242
37.305
37.362
37.415
37.464
37.511
37.556
37.600
37.643
37.686
37.729
37.771
37.815
37.858
37.900
37.943
37.984
38.023
38.060

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,901
0
55
3,046
6,079
9,165
12,318
15,549
18,860
22,241
25,669
29,136
32,638
36,171
39,732
43,317
46,925
50,552
54,197
57,857
61,531
65,216
68,912
72,617
76,331
80,052
83,779
87,513
91,251
94,995
98,744
102,498
106,255
110,018
113,784
117,555
121,330
125,109
128,893
132,680
136,473
140,269
144,069
147,873

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
90,234
90,297
90,298
90,341
90,367
90,382
90,393
90,405
90,421
90,443
90,465
90,486
90,505
90,520
90,532
90,538
90,539
90,534
90,523
90,505
90,479
90,447
90,406
90,358
90,303
90,239
90,168
90,089
90,003
89,909
89,809
89,701
89,586
89,465
89,337
89,203
89,063
88,918
88,767
88,611
88,449
88,283
88,112
87,936

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
198.856
210.652
210,836
219.439
226.204
231.829
236.688
241.001
244.900
248.462
251.729
254.745
257.548
260.166
262.623
264.937
267.124
269.197
271.168
273.045
274.838
276.552
278.195
279.772
281.288
282.747
284.154
285.512
286.824
288.093
289.322
290.514
291.670
292.793
293.885
294.947
295.981
296.989
297.972
298.931
299.867
300.782
301.677
302.551

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
47,625
27,523
27,101
5,567
-16,726
-39,635
-63,067
-86,955
-111,253
-135,924
-160,936
-186,261
-211,877
-237,764
-263,906
-290,285
-316,889
-343,706
-370,725
-397,936
-425,332
-452,901
-480,640
-508,539
-536,592
-564,793
-593,140
-621,624
-650,242
-678,987
-707,857
-736,850
-765,959
-795,181
-824,517
-853,957
-883,503
-913,152
-942,901
-972,747
-1,002,685
-1,032,718
-1,062,845
-1,093,054

4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

2002 by CRC Press LLC

38.093
38.122
38.146
38.162
38.171
38.170

151,681
155,492
159,305
163,121
166,938
170,755

87,755
87,569
87,379
87 184
86:984
86,779

303.407
304.244
305.064
305.868
306.655
307.426

-1,123,354
-1,153,733
-1,184,199
-1,214,748
-1,245,375
-1,276,078

TABLE 15: Ideal gas properties of nitrogen dioxide, NO2


MW = 46.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 33,098
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,560
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
32.936
36.881
36.949
40.331
43.227
45.737
47.913
49,762
51.243
52.271
52.989
53.625
54.186
54.679
55.109
55.483
55.805
56.082
56.318
56.517
56.685
56.826
56.943
57.040
57.121
57.188
57.244
57.291
57.333
57.371
57.406
57.440
57.474
57.509
57.546
57.584
57.624
57.665
57.708
57.750
57.792
57.831
57.866
57.895

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
3,432
0
68
3,937
8,118
12,569
17,255
22,141
27,195
32,375
37,638
42,970
48,361
53,805
59,295
64,825
70,390
75,984
81,605
87,247
92,907
98,583
104,271
109,971
115,679
121,394
127,116
132,843
138,574
144,309
150,049
155,791
161,536
167,285
173,038
178,795
184,555
190,319
196,088
201,861
207,638
213,419
20,204
224,992

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
33,961
33,098
33,085
32,521
32,173
31,974
31,885
31,880
31,938
32,035
32,146
32,267
32,392
32,519
32,643
32,762
32,873
32,973
33,061
33,134
33,192
32,233
33,256
33,262
33,248
33,216
33,165
33,095
33,007
32,900
32,776
32,634
32,476
32,302
32,113
31,908
31,689
31,456
31,210
30,951
30,678
30,393
30,095
29,783

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
226.016
239.925
240.153
251.259
260.578
268.686
275.904
282.427
288.377
293.834
298.850
303.489
307.804
311.838
315.625
319.194
322.568
325.765
328.804
331.698
334.460
337.100
339.629
342.054
344.384
346.626
348.785
350.868
352.879
354.824
356.705
358.529
360.297
362.013
363.680
365.302
366.880
368.418
369.916
371.378
372.804
374.197
375.559
376.889

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-15,537
-38,400
-38,880
-63,469
-89,073
-115,545
-142,780
-170,703
-199,246
-228,361
-257,999
-288,119
-318,686
-349,670
-381,045
-412,787
-444,878
-477,295
-510,025
-543,051
-576,361
-609,939
-643,778
-677,861
-732,846
-746,736
-781,506
-816,489
-851,677
-887,065
-922,639
-958,404
-994,346
-1,030,461
-1,066,744
-1,103,194
-1,139,803
-1,176,571
-1,213,486
-1,250,553
-1,287,760
-1,325,110
-1,561,602
-1,400,222

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
57.915
57.925
57.922
57.902
57.862
57,798

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
230,783
236,575
242,367
~48,159
253,947
259,730

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
29,457
29,117
28,761
28,389
27,998
27,586

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
378.190
379.464
380.709
381.929
383.122
384.290

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-1,437,974
-1,475,861
-1,513,867
-1,552,002
-1,590,253
-1,628,622

TABLE 16: Ideal gas properties of nitrogen, N2


MW = 28.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 0
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,506
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
28.793
29.071
29.075
29.319
29.636
30.086
30.684
31.394
32.131
32.762
33.258
33.707
34.113
34.477
34.805
35.099
35.361
35.595
35.803
35.988
36.152
36.298
36.428
36543
36645
36737
36.820
36.895
36.964
37.028
37.088
37.144
37.198
37.251
37.302
37.352
37.402
37.452
37.501
37.549
37.597
37.643
37.688
37.730

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,841
0
54
2,973
5,920
8,905
11,942
15,046
18,222
21,468
24,770
M,118
31,510
34,939
38,404
41,899
45,423
48,971
52,541
56,130
59,738
63,360
66,997
70,645
74,305
77,974
81,652
85,338
89,031
92,730
96,436
100,148
103,865
107,587
111,315
115,048
118,786
122,528
126,276
130,028
133,786
137,548
141,314
145,085

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
179.959
191.511
191.691
200.088
206.662
212.103
216.784
220.927
224.667
228.087
231.233
234.146
236.861
239.402
241.792
244.048
246.184
248.212
250.142
251.983
253.743
255.429
257.045
259.598
260.092
261.531
262.919
264.259
265.555
266.810
268.025
269.203
270.347
271.458
272.539
273.590
274.614
275.612
276.586
277.536
278.464
279.370
280.257
281.123

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-38,833
-57,070
-57,453
-77,062
-97,411
-118,357
-139,807
-161,696
-183,978
-206,619
-229,586
-252,857
-276,409
-300,224
-324,284
-348,578
-373,090
-397,811
-422,729
-447,836
-473,122
-498,584
-524,207
-552,390
-575,925
-602,007
-628,229
-654,587
-681,079
-707,700
-734,442
-761,302
-788,280
-815,370
-844,207
-869,876
-897,286
-924,798
-952,409
-980,116
-1,007,916
-1,035,806
-1,063,791
-1,091,856

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
37.768
37.803
37.832
37.854
37.868
37.873

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
148,860
152,639
156,420
160,205
163,991
167,778

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
281.972
282.802
283.616
284.412
285.193
285.958

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-1,120,014
-1,148,250
-1,176,575
-1,204,973
-1,233,455
-1,262,012

TABLE 17: Ideal gas properties of oxygen atom, O


MW = 16.00, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 249,197
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
22.477
21.899
21.890
21.500
21.256
21.113
21.033
20.986
20.952
20.915
20.898
20.882
20867
20.854
20.843
20.834
20.827
20.822
20.820
20.819
20.821
20.925
20.831
20.840
20.851
20865
20.881
20899
20.920
20.944
20.970
20.998
21.028
21.061
21.095
21.132
21.171
21.212
21.254
21.299
21.345
21.392
21,441
21.490

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,176
0
41
2,209
4,345
6,463
8,570
10,671
12,768
14,861
16,952
19,041
21,128
23,214
25,299
27,383
29,466
31,548
33,630
35,712
37,794
39,877
41,959
44,043
46,127
48,213
50,300
52,389
54,480
56,574
58,669
60,768
62,869
64,973
67,081
69,192
71,308
73,427
75,550
77,678
79,810
81,947
84,088
86,235

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
248,439
249,197
249,211
249,890
250,494
251,033
251,516
251,949
252,340
252,698
253,033
253,350
253,650
253,934
254,201
254,454
254,692
254,916
255,127
255,325
255,512
255,687
255,852
256,007
256,152
256,288
256,416
256,535
256,648
256,753
256,852
256,945
257,032
257,114
257,192
257,265
257,334
257,400
257,462
257,522
257,579
257,635
257,688
257,740

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
152.085
160.945
161.080
167.320
172.089
175.951
179.199
182.004
184.474
186,679
188,672
190.490
192.160
193.706
195,145
196.490
197.753
198.943
200.069
201.136
202.152
203.121
204.047
204.933
205.784
206.602
207.390
208.150
208.884
209.593
210.280
210.947
211.593
212.221
212.832
213.427
214.007
214.572
215.123
215.662
216.189
216.703
217.207
217.701

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
216,604
201,235
200,914
184,478
167,498
150,089
132,328
114,265
95,938
77,379
58,610
39,650
20,517
1,223
-18,222
-37,804
-57,517
-77,352
-97,304
-117,363
-137,528
-157,792
-178,152
-198,599
-219,136
-239,755
-260,456
-281,234
-302,087
-323,008
-344,002
-365,065
-386,191
-407,381
-428,634
-449,948
-471,321
-492,750
-514,233
-535,773
-557,368
-579,009
-600,705
-622,452

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
21.541
2L593
21.646
21.699
21.752
21.805

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
88,386
90,543
92,705
94,872
97,045
99,223

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
257,790
257,840
257,889
257,938
257,987
258,036

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
218.184
218.658
219.123
219.580
220.028
220.468

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-644,245
-666,087
-687,976
-709,915
-731,895
-753,920

TABLE 18: Ideal gas properties of hydroxyl, OH


MW = 17.01, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 38,985
T
(K)
200
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
30.140
29.932
29.928
29.718
29.570
29.527
29.615
29.844
30.208
30.682
31.186
31.662
32.114
32.540
32.943
33.323
33.682
34.019
34.337
34.635
34.915
35.178
35.425
35.656
35.872
36.074
36.263
36.439
36.604
36.759
36.903
37.039
37.166
37.285
37.398
37.504
37.605
37.701
37.793
37.882
37.968
38.052
38.135
38.217

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,948
0
55
3,037
6,001
8,955
11,911
14,883
17,884
20,928
24,022
27,164
30,353
33,586
36,860
40,174
43,524
46,910
50,328
53,776
57,254
60,759
64,289
67,843
71,420
75,017
78,634
82,269
85,922
89,590
93,273
96,970
100,681
104,403
108,137
111,882
115,638
119,403
123,178
126,962
130,754
134,555
138,365
142,182

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
38,864
38,985
38,987
39,030
39,000
38,909
38,770
38,599
38,410
38,220
38,039
37,867
37,704
37,548
37,397
37,252
37,109
36,969
36,831
36,693
36,555
36,416
36,276
36,133
35,986
35,836
35,682
35,524
35,360
35,191
35,016
34,835
34,648
34,454
34,253
34,046
33,831
33,610
33,381
33,146
32,903
32,654
32,397
32,134

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
171.607
183.604
183.789
192.369
198.983
204.369
208.925
212.893
216.428
219.635
222.583
225.317
227.869
230.265
232.524
234.662
236.693
238.628
240.476
242.245
243.942
245.572
247.141
248.654
250.114
251.525
252.890
254.212
255.493
256.737
257.945
259.118
260.260
261.371
262.454
263.509
264.538
265.542
266.522
267,480
268.417
269.333
270.229
271.107

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
1,716
-15,729
-16,097
-34,926
-54,506
-74,681
-95,352
-116,446
-137,916
-159,722
-181,834
-204,231
-226,892
-249,800
-272,941
-296,300
-319,869
-343,635
-367,591
-391,729
-416,039
-440,514
-465,150
-489,942
-514,880
-539,963
-565,184
-590,540
-616,023
-641,636
-667,372
-693,223
-719,192
-745,273
-771,467
-797,765
-824,168
-850,672
-877,273
60,027
-930,771
-957,659
-984,635
-1,011,704

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
38.300
38.382
38.466
38.552
38.640
38.732

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
146,008
149,842
153,685
157,536
161,395
165,264

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
31,864
31,588
31,305
31,017
30,722
30,422

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
271.967
272.809
273.636
274.446
275.242
276.024

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-1,038,859
-1,066,094
-1,093,419
-1,120,820
-1,148,306
-1,175,871

TABLE 19: Ideal gas properties of oxygen, O2


MW = 32.0, hf,298 0(kJ/kmol) = 0
T
(K)
200
298
300
4010
500
600
700
800
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,300
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,700
1,800
1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,300
2,400
2,500
2,600
2,700
2,800
2,900
3,000
3,100
3,200
3,300
3,400
3,500
3,600
3,700
3,800
3,900
4,000
4,100
4,200
4,300
4,400

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
28.473
29.315
29.331
30.210
31.114
32.030
32.927
33.757
34.454
34.936
35.270
35.593
35.903
36.202
36.490
36.768
37.036
37.296
37.546
37.788
38.023
38,250
38.470
38.684
38.891
39.093
39.289
39.480
39.665
39.846
40.023
40.195
40.362
40.526
40.686
40.842
40.1994
41.143
41.287
41.429
41.566
41.700
41.830
41,957

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
2,836
0
54
3,031
6,097
9,254
12,503
15,838
19,250
22,721
26,232
29,775
33,350
36,955
40,590
44,253
47,943
51,660
55,402
59,169
62,959
66,773
70,609
74,467
78,346
82,245
86,164
90,103
94,060
98,036
102,029
106,040
110,W
114,112
118,173
122,249
126,341
130,448
134,570
138,705
142,855
147,019
151,195
155,384

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
193.518
205.043
205.224
213.782
220.620
226.374
231.379
235.831
239.849
243.507
246.852
249935
252.796
255.468
257.976
260.339
262.577
264.701
266.724
268.656
270.506
272.280
273.985
275.627
277.210
278.739
280.218
281.651
283.039
284.387
285.697
286.970
288.209
289.417
290.594
291.742
292.863
293.959
295.029
296.076
297,101
298104
299.087
300.050

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-41,540
-61,103
-61,513
-854,235
-104,213
-126,570
-149,462
-172,827
-196,614
-220,786
-245,305
-270,147
-295,285
-320,700
-346,374
-372,289
-398,438
-424,802
-451,374
-478,143
-505,104
-532,243
-559,557
-587,038
-614,679
-642,476
-670,425
-698,520
-726,753
-755,125
-783,632
-812,264
-841,022
-869,906
-898,906
-928,022
-957,252
-986,596
-1,016,043
-1,045,599
-1,075,259
-1,105,018
-1,134,879
-1,164,836

T
(K)
4,500
4,600
4,700
4,800
4,900
5,000

c p0
(kJ/kmolK)
42.079
42.197
42.312
42.421
42.527
42.627

2002 by CRC Press LLC

ht ,T ht ,298
(kJ/kmol)
159,586
163,800
168,026
172,262
176,510
180,767

hf 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
0
0
0
0
0
0

s 0 (T)
(kJ/kmolK)
300.994
301.921
302.829
303.721
304.597
305.457

g 0 (T)
(kJ/kmol)
-1,194,887
-1,225,037
-1,255,270
-1,285,599
-1,316,015
-1,346,518

TABLE 20A Constants for the BenedictWebbRubin


Units are P in bar(s), v in m3/kmol, R =0.08314 bar m3/kmole K and T in K
P = R T/ v + (B2 R TA2C2/T2)/ v 2 + (B3 R TA3)/ v 3 + A3C6/ v 6+ {D3/( v 3T2)}(1+E2/ v 2)
exp(E2/ v 2)

Ammonia
Argon
Benzene
Carbon dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Ethane
Ethylene
Helium
iButane
iButylene
iPentane
Methane
nButane
nHeptane
nHexane
Nitrogen
nPentane
Oxygen
Propane
Propylene
Sulfurdioxide

A2
3.839578
0.83412
6.5944
2.708886
1.3587
4.21072
3.383909
0.04149
10.36847
9.072094
12.96575
1.879623
10.21856
17.75317
14.62894
1.208329
12.34107
1.518695
6.963471
6.193333
2.148

B2
0.051646
0.022283
0.0503
0.045628
0.0426
0.062772
0.055683
0.023661
0.137544
0.116025
0.160053
0.0426
0.124361
0.199005
0.177813
0.0458
0.156751
0.046524
0.097313
0.085065
0.026182

C2x106
A3
B3
D3x106
0.180933
0.104914
0.00072
0.00016
0.013312
0.029211 0.0021529
0.000809
3.4746
5.6424
0.07633
1.1917
0.114834
0.052375
0.003082
0.007161
0.008673
0.0371
0.002632
0.001054
0.181976
0.349742
0.011122
0.033202
0.132881
0.262438
0.0086
0.0214
1.64x107 5.81x104 1.97x107 5.59x109
0.861225
1.96335
0.039998
0.289806
0.939589
1.715169
0.034816
0.278569
1.7695
3.806059
0.066812
0.704225
0.02287
0.500557
0.0338
0.002579
1.006009
1.907296
0.039983
0.3206
4.808734
10.50233
0.151954
2.502787
3.363411
7.211176
0.109131
1.53284
0.005967
0.015098
0.001982
0.000555
2.149367
4.128888
0.066812
0.83511
0.003913
0.04104 2.80E05
0.00021
0.515003
0.96028
0.0225
0.130712
0.445012
0.784331
0.018706
0.103973
0.80146
0.8557
0.014653
0.1148

C6x1000
0.004652
0.0356
0.7001
0.11271
0.135
0.243389
0.178
0.007263
1.07408
0.910889
1.7
0.124359
1.10132
4.35611
2.81086
0.291545
1.81
0.008641
0.607175
0.455696
0.071955

E2x100
1.98
0.2338
2.930
0.494
0.6
1.18
0.923
0.00779
3.4
2.95945
4.63
0.6
3.4
9
6.66849
0.75
4.75
0.359
2.2
1.829
0.59236

Sources: H. W. Cooper and J. Goldfrank, Hydrocarbon Processing, 46(12), 141 (1967); E. P.


Gyftopoulos, and G. P. Beretta, Thermodynamics, Foundations and Application, Macmillan
Publishing Co., NY, 1991.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 20B: Beatie Bridgemann Equation


P v 2 = R T ( v + B0 ( 1 ( b / v ) ) ( 1 c/( v T3))A0 (1(a/ v 2))
May be used when < 0.8 c. Units: atm, m3/kmol, K
Gas
Air
Ar
CH4
C2H4
C2H6
C3H8
1C4H8
IsoC4H8
nC4H10
IsoC4H12
nC5H12
NeoC5H12
nC7H16
CH3OH
(C2H5)2O
CO
CO2
H2
He
I2
Kr
N2
Ne
NH3
N2O
O2
Xe

Ao
1.3012
1.2907
2.2769
6.1520
5.8800
11.9200
16.6979
16.9600
17.7940
16.6037
28.2600
23.3300
54.520
33.309
31.278
1.3445
5.0065
0.1975
0.0216
17.0
2.4230
1.3445
0.2125
2.3930
5.0065
1.4911
4.6715

a
0.01931
0.02328
0.01855
0.04964
0.05861
0.07321
0.11988
0.10860
0.12161
0.11171
0.15099
0.15174
0.20066
0.09246
0.12426
0.02617
0.07132
0.00506
0.05984
0.0
0.02865
0.02617
0.02196
0.17031
0.07132
0.02562
0.03311

Bo
0.04611
0.03931
0.05587
0.12156
0.09400
0.18100
0.24046
0.24200
0.24620
0.23540
0.39400
0.33560
0.70816
0.60362
0.45446
0.05046
0.10476
0.02096
0.01400
0.325
0.05261
0.05046
0.02060
0.03415
0.10476
0.04624
0.07503

b
0.01101
0.0
0.01587
0.03597
0.01915
0.04293
0.10690
0.08750
0.09423
0.07697
0.13960
0.13358
0.19179
0.09929
0.11954
0.00691
0.07235
0.04359
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.00691
0.0
0.19112
0.07235
0.004208
0.0

c104
4.34
5.99
12.83
22.68
90.00
120.00
300.00
250.00
350.00
300.00
400.00
400.00
400.00
32.03
33.33
4.20
66.00
0.0504
0.0040
4000.
14.89
4.20
0.101
476.87
66.0
4.80
30.02

Equation from J. A. Beatie and O.C. Bridgemann, Pro. Roy Am. Acad. Sc., 63,229 (1928).
Source: adapted from G. J. Wiley, and R. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermdynamics, John Wiley & Sons, 1965.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 21: Lee Kesler Constants


Lee Kesler constants for simple (e.g.: Ar, He etc) and reference (octane) fluids. This is a modified form of BWR equation of state applicable for any substance. The equation has 12 constants.
PR = (TR/vR )(1 + A/vR + B/vR2 + C/vR5 + {b4 /(TR 3 vR2)} { + /vr2} exp { - /vR2})
where A = a1 - a2/TR - a3/TR 2 - a4/TR 3
B = b1 - b2/TR + b3/TR 3
C = c1 + c2/TR
Z = PR vR /TR = PR vR/TR = 1 + A/vR + B/vR2 + C/Vr5 + (b4 /(TR 3 vr2)) ( + /vr2) exp (
/vR2),
wref =w octane = 0.398, z(1) = {z(ref) (PR,TR) z(0) (PR,TR)} /wref , z(PR,TR) = z(0) (PR,TR)+ w z(1)
(PR,TR)

Simple

Reference (Octane)

a1
a2
a3
a4
b1
b2
b3
b4
c1
c2

0.1181193
0.265728
0.154790
0.030323
0.0236744
0.0186984
0.0
0.042724
0.155488x104
0.623689x104
0.65392

0.2026579
0.331511
0.027655
0.203488
0.0313885
0.0503618
0.016901
0.041577
0.48736x104
0.740336x105
1.226

0.060167

0.03754

Adapted from R. Sonntag, C. Borgnakke and G. J. Wylen, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 5th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, 1998.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 22: Pitzer generalized saturation data


TR

(log
PR)(0)

(Iog PR/
)

sfg(O)/R

1.00
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.96
0.95
0.94
0.92
0.90
0.89
0.86
0.84
0.82
0.80
0.78
0.76
0.74
0.72
0.70
0.68
0.66
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.58

0.000
0.025
0.050
0.076
0.102
0.129
0.156
0.212
0.270
0.330
0.391
0.455
0.522
0.592
0.665
0.742
0.823
0.909
1.000
1.096
1.198
1.308
1.426
1.552
1.688

0.000
0.021
0.042
0.064
0.086
0.109
0.133
0.180
0.230
0.285
0.345
0.405
0.475
0.545
0.620
0.705
0.800
0.895
1.00
1.12
1.25
1.39
1.54
1.70
1.88

Vapor

Vaporization

0.00
1.29
1.70
2.01
2.28
2.52
2.74
3.14
3.50
3.82
4.12
4.42
4.72
5.02
5.32
5.64
5.96
6.29
6.64
6.99
7.36
7.73
8.11
8.52
8.93

sfg(1)/R

0.00
1.42
1.97
2.38
2.71
3.00
3.28
3.80
4.29
4.73
5.18
5.64
6.09
6.54
7.00
7.50
9.05
8.56
9.11
9.72
10.3
11.0
11.7
12.4
13.2

Z(0)

0.291
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.54
0.565
0.59
0.63
0.67
0.70
0.73
0.756
0.781
0.804
0.826
0.846
0.864
0.881
0.897
0.911
0.922
0.932
0.940
0.947
0.953

Liquid

Z(1)

0.090
0.030
0.000
+0.020
0.035
0.045
0.055
0.075
0.095
0.110
0.125
0.135
0.140
0.144
0.144
0.142
0.137
0.131
0.122
0.113
0.104
0.097
0.090
0.083
0.077

Z(0)

0.291
0.202
0.179
0.162
0.148
0.136
0.125
0.108
0.0925
0.0790
0.0680
0.0585
0.0498
0.0422
0.0360
0.0300
0.0250
0.0210
0.0172
0.0138
0.0111
0.0088
0.0068
0.0052

Z(1)

0.080
0.090
0.093
0.095
0.095
0.095
0.094
0.092
0.087
0.080
0.075
0.068
0.062
0.057
0.053
0.048
0.043
0.037
0.032
0.027
0.022
0.018
0.015
0.012

From G. N. Lewis, and M.Randall, Thermodynamics, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill Inc., NY 1961.
Original source K.S. Pitzer et al., J. Am. Chem.Soc., 77, 3439, 1955.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 23A: LeeKesler values for Z(0) (TR,PR)


PR
TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

0.01
0.0029
0.0026
0.0024
0.0022
0.0021
0.9804
0.9849
0.9881
0.9904
0.9922
0.9935
0.9946
0.9954
0.9959
0.9961
0.9963
0.9965
0.9966
0.9967
0.9969
0.9969
0.9971
0.9975
0.9978
0.9981
0.9985
0.9988
0.9991
0.9993
0.9994
0.9995
0.9996
0.9997
0.9998
0.9999
1
1
1
1.0001
1.0001

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.05
0.0145
0.013
0.0119
0.011
0.0103
0.0098
0.0093
0.9377
0.9504
0.9598
0.9669
0.9725
0.9768
0.979
0.9803
0.9815
0.9821
0.9826
0.9832
0.9837
0.9842
0.9855
0.9874
0.9891
0.9904
0.9926
0.9942
0.9954
0.9964
0.9971
0.9977
0.9982
0.9986
0.9992
0.9996
0.9998
1
1.0002
1.0004
1.0005

0.1
0.029
0.0261
0.0239
0.0221
0.0207
0.0195
0.0186
0.0178
0.8958
0.9165
0.9319
0.9436
0.9528
0.9573
0.96
0.9625
0.9637
0.9648
0.9659
0.9669
0.9679
0.9707
0.9747
0.978
0.9808
0.9852
0.9884
0.9909
0.9928
0.9943
0.9955
0.9964
0.9972
0.9983
0.9991
0.9997
1.0001
1.0004
1.0008
1.001

0.2
0.0579
0.0522
0.0477
0.0442
0.0412
0.039
0.0371
0.0356
0.0344
0.0336
0.8539
0.881
0.9015
0.9115
0.9174
0.9227
0.9253
0.9277
0.93
0.9322
0.9343
0.9401
0.9485
0.9554
0.9611
0.9702
0.9768
0.9818
0.9856
0.9886
0,9910
0.9929
0.9944
0.9967
0.9983
0.9994
1.0002
1.0008
1.0017
1.0021

0.4
0.1158
0.1043
0.0953
0.0882
0.0825
0.0778
0.0741
0.071
0.0687
0.067
0.0661
0.0661
0.78
0.8059
0.8206
0.8338
0.8398
0.8455
0.9509
0.8561
0.861
0.8743
0.893
0.9081
0.9205
0.9396
0.9534
0.9636
0.9714
0.9775
0.9823
0.9861
0.9892
0.9937
0.9969
0.9991
1.0007
1.0018
1.0035
1.0043

0.6
0.1737
0,1564
0.1429
0.1322
0.1236
0.1166
0.1109
0.1063
0.1027
0.1001
0.0985
0.0983
0.1006
0.6635
0.6967
0.724
0.736
0.7471
0.7574
0.7671
0.7761
0.8002
0.8323
0.8576
0.8779
0.9083
0.9298
0.9456
0.9575
0.9667
0.9739
0.9796
0.9842
0.991
0.9957
0.999
1.0013
1.003
1.0055
1.0066

0.8
0.2315
0.2084
0.1904
0.1762
0.1647
0.1553
0.1476
0.1415
0.1366
0.133
0.1307
0.1301
0.1321
0.1359
0.141
0.558
0.5881
0.6138
0.6353
0.6542
0.671
0.713
0.7649
0.8032
0.833
0.8764
0.9062
0.9278
0.9439
0.9563
0.9659
0.9735
0.9796
0.9886
0.9948
0.999
1.0021
1.0043
1.0075
1.009

TABLE23A: LeeKesler values for Z(0) (TR,PR) (continued)


TR
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00

PR
1.000
0.2892
0.2604
0.2379
0.2200
0.2056
0.1939
0.1842
0.1765
0.1703
0.1656
0.1626
0.1614
0.1630
0.1664
0.1705
0.1779
0.1844
0.1959
0.2901
0.4648
0.5146
0.6026
0.6880
0.7443
0.7858
0.8438
0.8827
0.9103
0.9308
0.9463
0.9583
0.9678
0.9754
0.9865
0.9941
0.9993
1.0031
1.0057
1.0097
1.0115

1.200
0.3470
0.3123
0.2853
0.2638
0.2465
0.2323
0.2207
0.2113
0.2038
0.1981
0.1942
0.1924
0.1935
0.1963
0.1998
0.2055
0.2097
0.2154
0.2237
0.2370
0.2629
0.4437
0.5984
0.6803
0.7363
0.8111
0.8595
0.8933
0.9180
0.9367
0.9511
0.9624
0.9715
0.9847
0.9936
0.9998
1.0042
1.0074
1.0120
1.0140

1.500
0.4335
0.3901
0.3563
0.3294
0.3077
0.2899
0.2753
0.2634
0.2538
0.2464
0.2411
0.2382
0.2383
0.2405
0.2432
0.2474
0.2503
0.2538
0.2583
0.2640
0.2715
0.3131
0.4580
0.5798
0.6605
0.7624
0.8256
0,8689
0.9000
0.9234
0.9413
0.9552
0.9664
0.9826
0.9935
1.0010
1.0063
1.0101
0.0156
1.0179

2.000
0.5775
0.5195
0.4744
0.4384
0.4092
0.3853
0.3657
0.3495
0.3364
0.3260
0.3182
0.3132
0.3114
0.3122
0.3138
0.3164
0.3182
0.3204
0.3229
0.3260
0,3297
0.3452
0.3953
0.4760
0,5605
0.6908
0.7753
0.8328
0.8738
0.9043
0.9275
0.9456
0.9599
0.9806
0.9945
1.0040
1.0106
1.0153
1.0221
1.0249

3.000
0.8648
0.7775
0.7095
0.6551
0.6110
0.5747
0.5446
0.5197
0.4991
0.4823
0.4690
0.4591
0.4527
0.4507
0.4501
0.4504
0.4508
0.4514
0.4522
0.4533
0.4547
0.4604
0.4770
0.5042
0.5425
0.6344
0.7202
0.7887
0.8410
0.8809
0.9118
0.9359
0.9550
0.9827
1.0011
1.0137
1.0223
1.0284
1.0368
1.0401

5.000
1.4366
1.2902
1.1758
1.0841
1.0094
0.9475
0.8959
0.8526
0.8161
0.7854
0.7598
0.7388
0.7220
0.7138
0.7092
0.7052
0.7035
0.7018
0.7004
0.6991
0.6980
0.6956
0.6950
0.6987
0.7069
0.7358
0.7761
0.8200
0.8617
0.8984
0.9297
0.9557
0.9772
1.0094
1.0313
1.0463
1.0565
1.0635
1.0723
1.0747

7.000
2.0048
1.7987
1.6373
1.5077
1.4017
1.3137
1.2398
1.1773
1.1241
1,0787
1.0400
1.0071
0.9793
0.9648
0.9561
0.9480
0.9442
0.9406
0.9372
0.9339
0.9307
0.9222
0.9110
0.9033
0.8990
0.8998
0.9112
0.9297
0.9518
0.9745
0.9961
1.0157
1.0328
1.0600
1.0793
1.0926
1.1016
1.1075
1.1138
1.1136

10.000
2.8507
2.5539
2.3211
2.1338
1.9801
1.8520
1.7440
1.6519
1.5729
1.5047
1.4456
1.3943
1.3496
1.3257
1.3108
1.2968
1.2901
1.2835
1.2772
1.2710
1.2650
1.2481
1.2232
1.2021
1.1844
1.1580
1.1419
1.1339
1.1320
1.1343
1.1391
1.1452
1.1516
1.1635
1.1728
1.1792
1.1830
1.1848
1.1834
1.1773

Tables 23A to 26 B from B. I. Lee, and M. G. Kesler, A Generalized Thermodynamic Correlation Based on Three Parameter Corresponding States, AIChE Journal, 21(3): 510527,
1975. Reproduced by permission of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. 1975
AIChE. (With permission.)

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 23B: LeeKesler values for Z

(1)

(TR, PR)

PR

TR
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00

0.01
0.0008
0.0009
0.0010
0.0009
0.0009
0.0314
0.0205
0.0137
0.0093
0.0064
0.0044
0.0029
0.0019
0.0015
0.0012
0.0010
0.0009
0.0008
0.0007
0.0006
0.0005
0.0003
0.0000
0.0002
0.0004
0.0006
0.0001
0.0008
0.0008
0.0008
0.0008
0.0008
0.0008
0.0007
0.0007
0.0007
0.0006
0.0006
0.0005
0.0005

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.05
0.0040
0.0046
0.0048
0.0047
0.0045
0.0043
0.0041
0.0772
0.0507
0.0339
0.0228
0.0152
0.0099
0.0075
0.0062
0.0050
0.0044
0.0039
0.0034
0.0030
0.0026
0.0015
0.0000
0.0011
0.0019
0.0030
0.0036
0.0039
0.0040
0.0040
0.0040
0.0040
0.0039
0.0037
0.0035
0.0033
0.0031
0.0029
0.0026
0.0023

0.1
0.0081
0.0093
0.0095
0.0094
0.0090
0.0086
0.0082
0,0078
0.1161
0.0744
0.0487
0.0319
0.0205
0.0154
0.0126
0.0101
0.0090
0.0079
0.0069
0.0060
0.0051
0.0029
0.0001
0.0023
0.0039
0.0061
0.0072
0.0078
0.0080
0.0081
0.0081
0.0079
0.0078
0.0074
0.0070
0.0066
0.0062
0.0059
0.0052
0.0046

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.0161
0.0323
0.0185
0.0370
0.0190
0.0380
0.0187
0.0374
0.0181
0.0360
0.0172
0.0343
0.0164
0.0326
0.0156
0.0309
0.0148
0.0294
0.0143
0.0282
0.1160
0.0272
0.0715
0.0268
0.0442
0.1118
0.0326
0.0763
0.0262
0.0589
0.0208
0.0450
0.0184
0.0390
0.0161
0.0335
0.0140
0.0285
0.0120
0.0240
0.0102
0.0198
0.0054
0.0092
0.0007
0.0038
0.0052
0.0127
0.0084
0.0190
0.0125
0.0267
0.0147
0.0306
0.0158
0.0323
0.0162
0.0330
0.0163
0.0329
0.0162
0.0325
0.0159
0.0318
0.0155
0.0310
0,0147
0.0293
0.0139
0.0276
0.0131
0.0260
0.0124
0.0245
0.0117
0.0232
0.0103
0.0204
0.0091
0.0182

0.6
0.0484
0.0554
0.0570
0.0560
0.0539
0.0513
0.0487
0.0461
0.0438
0.0417
0.0401
0.0391
0.0396
0.1662
0.1110
0.0770
0.0641
0.0531
0.0435
0.0351
0.0277
0.0097
0.0106
0.0237
0.0326
0.0429
0.0477
0.0497
0.0501
0.0497
0.0488
0.0477
0.0464
0.0437
0.0411
0.0387
0.0365
0.0345
0.0303
0.0270

0.8
0.064
0.073
0.075
0.074
0.071
0.068
0.064
0.061
0.057
0.055
0.052
0.050
0.050
0.051
0.054
0.164
0.110
0.079
0.058
0.042
0.030
0.003
0.023
0.039
0.049
0.061
0.066
0.06'7
0.067
0.066
0.065
0.063
0.061
0.057
0.054
0.051
0.048
0.045
0.040
0.035

TABLE 23B: LeeKesler values for Z(1) (TR, PR) (continued)


TR
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1,01
1.02
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00

PR
1
0.0806
0.0921
0.0946
0.0929
0.0893
0.0849
0.0803
0.0759
0.0718
0.0681
0.0648
0.0622
0.0604
0.0602
0.0607
0.0623
0.0641
0.0680
0.0879
0.0223
0.0062
0.0220
0.0476
0.0625
0.0719
0.0819
0.0857
0.0864
0.0855
0.0838
0.0816
0.0792
0.0767
0.0719
0.0675
0.0634
0.0598
0.0565
0.0497
0.0443

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1.2
0.0966
0.1105
0.1134
0.1113
0.1069
0.1015
0.0960
0.0906
0.0855
0.0808
0.0767
0.0731
0.0701
0.0687
0.0678
0.0669
0.0661
0.0646
0.0609
0.0473
0.0227
0.1059
0.0897
0.0943
0.0991
0.1048
0.1063
0.1055
0.1035
0.1008
0.0978
0.0947
0.0916
0.0857
0.0803
0.0754
0.0711
0.0672
0.0591
0.0527

1.5
0.1207
0.1379
0.1414
0.1387
0.1330
0.1263
0.1192
0.1122
0.1057
0.0996
0.0940
0.0888
0.0840
0.0810
0.0788
0.0759
0.0740
0.0715
0.0678
0.0621
0.0524
0.0451
0.1630
0.1548
0.1477
0.1420
0.1383
0.1345
0.1303
0.1259
0.1216
0.1173
0.1133
0.1057
0.0989
0.0929
0.0876
0.0828
0.0728
0.0651

2
0.1608
0.1834
0.1879
0.1840
0.1762
0.1669
0.1572
0.1476
0.1385
0.1298
0.1217
0.1138
0.1059
0.1007
0.0967
0.0921
0.0893
0.0861
0.0824
0.0778
0.0722
0.0432
0.0698
0.1667
0.1990
0.1991
0.1894
0.1806
0.1729
0.1658
0.1593
0.1532
0.1476
0.1374
0.1285
0.1207
0.1138
0.1076
0.0949
0.0849

10

0.2407
0.2738
0.2799
0.2734
0.2611
0.2465
0.2312
0.2160
0.2013
0.1872
0.1736
0.1602
0.1463
0.1374
0.1310
0.1240
0.1202
0.1162
0.1118
0.1072
0.1021
0.0838
0.0373
0.0332
0.1095
0.2079
0.2397
0.2433
0.2381
0.2305
0.2224
0.2144
0.2069
0.1932
0.1812
0.1706
0,1613
0.1529
0.1356
0.1219

0.3996
0.4523
0.4603
0.4475
0.4253
0.3991
0.3718
0.3447
0.3184
0.2929
0.2682
0.2439
0.2195
0.2045
0.1943
0.1837
0.1783
0.1728
0.1672
0.1615
0.1556
0.1370
0.1021
0.0611
0.0141
0.0875
0.1737
0.2309
0.2631
0.2788
0.2946
0.2848
0.2819
0.2720
0.2602
0.2484
0.2372
0.2268
0.2042
0.1857

05572
0.6279
0.6365
0.6162
0.5831
0.5446
0.5047
0.4653
0.4270
0.3901
0.3545
0.3201
0.2862
0.2661
0.2526
0.2391
0.2322
0.2254
0.2185
0.2116
0.2047
0.1835
0.1469
0.1084
0.0678
0.0176
0.1008
0.1717
0.2255
0.2628
0.2971
0.3017
0.3097
0.3135
0.3089
0.3009
0.2915
0.2817
0.2584
0.2378

0.7915
0.8863
0.8936
0.8606
0.8099
0.7521
0.6928
0.6346
0.5785
0.5250
0.4740
0.4254
0.3788
0.3516
0.3339
0.3163
0.3075
0.2989
0.2902
0.2816
0.2731
0.2476
0.2056
0.1642
0.1231
0.0423
0.0350
0.1058
0.1673
0.2179
0.2576
0.2876
0.3096
0.3355
0.3459
0.3475
0.3443
0.3385
0.3194
0.2994

TABLE 24A: LeeKesler residual enthalpy values for ((h0 - h)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.01
6.045
5.906
5.763
5.615
5.465
0.032
0.027
0.023
0.02
0.017
0.015
0.014
0.012
0.011
0.011
0.011
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0

0.05
6.043
5.904
5.761
5.612
5.463
5.312
5.162
0.118
0.101
0.088
0.078
0.069
0.062
0.058
0.056
0.054
0.053
0.052
0.051
0.05
0.049
0.046
0.042
0.039
0.036
0.031
0.027
0.024
0.021
0.019
0,017
0.015
0.014
0.012
0.01
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.002

0.1
6.04
5.901
5.757
5.609
4.459
5.309
5.159
5.008
0.213
0.183
0.16
0.141
0.126
0.118
0.113
0.109
0.107
0.105
0.103
0.101
0.099
0.094
0.086
0.079
0.073
0.063
0.055
0.048
0.043
0.038
0.034
0.031
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.016
0.014
0.011
0.007
0.005

PR
0.2
6.034
5.895
5.751
5.603
5.453
5.303
5.153
5.002
4.848
4.687
0.345
0.3
0.264
0.246
0.235
0.225
0.221
0.216
0.212
0.208
0.203
0.192
0.175
0.16
0.148
0.127
0.11
0.097
0.086
0.076
0.068
0.062
0.056
0.046
0.038
0.032
0.027
0.023
0.015
0.009

(0)

0.4
6.022
5.882
5.738
5.59
5.44
5.29
5.141
4.991
4.838
4.679
4.507
4.309
0.596
0.545
0.516
0.49
0.478
0.466
0.455
0.445
0.434
0.407
0.367
0.334
0.305
0.259
0.224
0.196
0.173
0.153
0.137
0.123
0.111
0.092
0.076
0.064
0.054
0.045
0.029
0.017

/ (R

Tc))

0.6
6.011
5.87
5.726
5.577
5.427
5.278
5.129
4.98
4.828
4.672
4.504
4.313
4.074
0.96
0.885
0.824
0.797
0.773
0.75
0.728
0.708
0.654
0.581
0.523
0.474
0.399
0.341
0.297
0.261
0.231
0.206
0.185
0.167
0.137
0.114
0.095
0.08
0.067
0.043
0.026

0.8
5.999
5.858
5.713
5.564
5.414
5.265
5.116
4.968
4.818
4.664
4.499
4.316
4.094
3.92
3.763
1.356
1.273
1.206
1.151
0.102
1.06
0.955
0.827
0.732
0.657
0.545
0.463
0.4
0.35
0.309
0.275
0.246
0.222
0.182
0.15
0.125
0.105
0.088
0.056
0.033

TABLE 24A: LeeKesler residual enthalpy values for ((h0 - h)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

(0)

/ (R

Tc));(continued)

PR
1
5.987
5.845
5.7
5.551
5.401
5.252
5.104
4.956
4.808
4.655
4.494
4.316
4.108
3.953
3.825
3.658
3.544
3.376
2.584
1.796
1.627
1.359
1.12
0.968
0.857
0.698
0.588
0.505
0.44
0.387
0.344
0.307
0.276
0.226
0.187
0.155
0.13
0.109
0.069
0.041

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1.2
5.975
5.833
5.687
5.538
5.388
5.239
5.091
4.945
4.797
4.646
4.488
4.316
4.118
3.976
3.865
3.732
3.652
3.558
3.441
3.283
3.039
2.034
1.487
1.239
1.076
0.86
0.716
0.611
0.531
0.466
0.413
0.368
0.33
0.269
0.222
0.185
0.154
0.129
0.081
0.048

1.5
5.957
5.814
5.668
5.519
5.369
5.22
5.073
4.927
4.781
4.632
4.478
4.312
4.127
4
3.904
3.796
3.736
3.67
3.598
3.516
3.442
3.03
2.203
1.719
1.443
1.116
0.915
0.774
0.667
0.583
0.515
0.458
0.411
0.334
0.275
0.228
0.19
0.159
0.099
0.058

2
5.927
5.783
5.636
5.486
5.336
5.187
5.041
4.896
4.752
4.607
4.459
4.302
4.132
4.02
3.94
3.853
3.806
3.758
3.706
3.652
3.595
3.398
2.965
2.479
2.079
1.56
1.253
1.046
0.894
0.777
0.683
0.606
0.541
0.437
0.359
0.297
0.246
0.205
0.127
0.072

3
5.868
5.721
5.572
5.421
5.27
5.121
4.976
4.833
4.693
4.554
4.413
4.269
4.119
4.024
3.958
3.89
3.854
3.818
3.782
3.744
3.705
3.583
3.353
3.091
2.807
2.274
1.857
1.549
1.318
1.139
0.996
0.88
0.782
0.629
0.513
0.422
0.348
0.288
0.174
0.095

5
5.748
5.595
5.442
5.288
5.135
4.986
4.842
4.702
4.566
4.434
4.303
4.173
4.043
3.963
3.91
3.856
3.829
3.801
3.774
3.746
3.718
3.632
3.484
3.329
3.166
2.825
2.486
2.175
1.904
1.672
1.476
1.309
1.167
0.937
0.761
0.621
0.508
0.415
0.239
0.116

7
5.628
5.469
5.311
5.154
4.999
4.849
4.704
4.565
4.432
4.303
4.178
4.056
3.935
3.863
3.815
3.767
3.743
3.719
3.695
3.671
3.647
3.575
3.453
3.329
3.202
2.942
2.679
2.421
2.177
1.953
1.751
1.571
1.411
1.143
0.929
0.756
0.614
0.495
0.27
0.11

10
5.446
5.278
5.113
4.95
4.791
4.638
4.492
4.353
4.221
4.095
3.974
3.857
3.744
3.678
3.634
3.591
3.569
3.548
3.526
3.505
3.484
3.42
3.315
3.211
3.107
2.899
2.692
2.486
2.285
2.091
1.908
1.736
1.577
1.295
1.058
0.858
0.689
0.545
0.264
0.061

TABLE 24B: LeeKesler residual enthalpy values for ((h0 h)(1)/(RTc))


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

PR
0.01
11.098
10.656
10.121
9.515
8.868
0.08
0.059
0.045
0.034
0.027
0.021
0.017
0.014
0.012
0.011
0.01
0.01
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0
0
0
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.002

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.05
11.096
10.655
10.121
9.515
8.869
8.211
7.568
0.247
0.185
0.142
0.11
0.087
0.07
0.061
0.056
0.052
0.05
0.048
0.046
0.044
0.042
0.037
0.03
0.025
0.02
0.013
0.008
0.005
0.002
0
0.001
0.003
0.003
0.005
0.006
0.006
0.007
0.007
0.008
0.008

0.1
11.095
10.654
10.121
9.516
8.87
8.212
7.57
6.949
0.415
0.306
0.234
0.182
0.144
0.126
0.115
0.105
0.101
0.097
0.093
0.089
0.085
0.075
0.061
0.05
0.04
0.026
0.016
0.009
0.004
0
0.003
0.005
0.007
0.01
0.012
0.013
0.014
0.014
0.016
0.016

0.2
11.091
10.653
10.12
9.517
8.872
8.215
7.573
6.952
6.36
5.796
0.542
0.401
0.308
0.265
0.241
0.219
0.209
0.2
0.191
0.183
0.175
0.153
0.123
0.099
0.08
0.052
0.032
0.018
0.007
0
0.006
0.011
0.015
0.02
0.023
0.026
0.028
0.029
0.031
0.032

0.4
11.083
10.65
10.121
9.519
8.876
8.221
7.579
6.959
6.367
5.802
5.266
4.753
0.751
0.612
0.542
0.483
0.457
0.433
0.41
0.389
0.37
0.318
0.251
0.199
0.158
0.1
0.06
0.032
0.012
0.003
0.015
0.023
0.03
0.04
0.047
0.052
0.055
0.058
0.062
0.064

0.6
11.076
10.646
10.121
9.521
8.88
8.226
7.585
6.966
6.373
5.809
5.271
4.754
4.254
1.236
0.994
0.837
0.776
0.722
0.675
0.632
0.594
0.498
0.381
0.296
0.232
0.142
0.083
0.042
0.013
0.009
0.025
0.037
0.047
0.062
0.071
0.078
0.082
0.086
0.092
0.096

0.8
11.069
10.643
10.121
9.523
8.884
8.232
7.591
6.973
6.381
5.816
5.278
4.758
4.248
3.942
3.737
1.616
1.324
1.154
1.034
0.94
0.863
0.691
0.507
0.385
0.297
0.177
0.1
0.048
0.011
0.017
0.037
0.053
0.065
0.083
0.095
0.104
0.11
0.114
0.122
0.127

TABLE 24B: LeeKesler residual enthalpy values for ((h0 h)(1)/(RTc)) (continued)
TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

2002 by CRC Press LLC

PR
1
11.062
10.64
10.121
9.525
8.888
8.238
7.596
6.98
6.388
5.824
5.285
4.763
4.249
3.934
3.712
3.47
3.332
3.164
2.471
1.375
1.18
0.877
0.617
0.459
0.349
0.203
0.111
0.049
0.005
0.027
0.051
0.07
0.085
0.106
0.12
0.13
0.137
0.142
0.152
0.158

1.2
11.055
10.637
10.121
9.527
8.892
8.243
7.603
6.987
6.395
5.832
5.293
4.771
4.255
3.937
3.713
3.467
3.327
3.164
2.952
2.595
1.723
0.878
0.673
0.503
0.381
0.218
0.115
0.046
0.004
0.04
0.067
0.088
0.105
0.128
0.144
0.156
0.164
0.17
0.181
0.188

1.5
11.044
10.632
10.121
9.531
8.999
8.252
7.614
6.997
6.407
5.845
5.306
4.784
4.268
3.951
3.73
3.492
3.363
3.223
3.065
2.88
2.65
1.496
0.617
0.487
0.381
0.218
0.108
0.032
0.023
0.063
0.094
0.117
0.136
0.163
0.181
0.194
0.204
0.211
0.224
0.233

2
11.027
10.624
10.122
9.537
8.909
8.267
7.632
7.017
6.429
5.868
5.33
4.81
4.298
3.987
3.773
3.551
3.434
3.313
3.186
3.051
2.906
2.381
1.261
0.604
0.361
0.178
0.07
0.009
0.065
0.109
0.143
0.169
0.19
0.221
0.242
0.257
0.269
0.278
0.294
0.306

3
10.992
10.609
10.123
9.549
9.932
8.298
7.669
7.059
6.475
5.918
5.385
4.872
4.371
4.073
3.873
3.67
3.568
3.464
3.358
3.251
3.142
2.8
2.167
1.497
0.934
0.3
0.044
0.078
0.151
0.202
0.241
0.271
0.295
0.331
0.356
0.376
0.391
0.403
0.425
0.442

5
10.935
10.581
10.128
9.576
8.978
8.36
7.745
7.147
6.574
6.027
5.506
5.008
4.53
4.251
4.068
3.885
3.795
3.705
3.615
3.525
3.435
3.167
2.72
2.275
1.84
1.066
0.504
0.142
0.082
0.223
0.317
0.381
0.428
0.493
0.535
0.567
0.591
0.611
0.65
0.68

7
10.872
10.554
10.135
9.611
9.03
8.425
7.824
7.239
6.677
6.142
5.632
5.149
4.688
4.422
4.248
4.077
3.992
3.909
3.825
3.742
3.661
3.418
3.023
2.641
2.273
1.592
1.012
0.556
0.217
0.028
0.203
0.33
0.424
0.551
0.631
0.687
0.729
0.763
0.827
0.874

10
10.781
10.529
10.15
9.663
9.111
8.531
7.95
7.381
6.837
6.318
5.824
5.358
4.916
4.662
4.497
4.336
4.257
4.178
4.1
4.023
3.947
3.722
3.362
3.019
2.692
2.086
1.547
1.08
0.689
0.369
0.112
0.092
0.255
0.489
0.645
0.754
0.836
0.899
1.015
1.097

TABLE 25A: LeeKesler residual entropy values for ((s0 s)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

2002 by CRC Press LLC

(0)

/R)

PR
0.01
16.782
15.413
13.99
12.564
11.202
0.115
0.078
0.055
0.04
0.029
0.022
0.017
0.013
0.011
0.01
0.01
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.05
16.774
15.408
13.986
12.561
11.2
9.948
8.828
0.309
0.216
0.156
0.116
0.088
0.068
0.058
0.053
0.048
0.046
0.044
0.042
0.04
0.039
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.013
0.01
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0

0.1
16.764
15.401
13.981
12.558
11.197
9.946
8.826
7.832
0.491
0.34
0.246
0.183
0.14
0.12
0.109
0.099
0.094
0.09
0.086
0.082
0.078
0.069
0.055
0.045
0.037
0.026
0.019
0.014
0.011
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001

0.2
16.744
15.387
13.972
12.551
11.192
9.942
8.823
7.829
6.951
6.173
0.578
0.408
0.301
0.254
0.228
0.206
0.196
0.186
0.177
0.169
0.161
0.14
0.112
0.091
0.075
0.052
0.037
0.027
0.021
0.016
0.013
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001

0.4
16.705
15.359
13.953
12.537
11.182
9.935
8.817
7.824
6.945
6.167
5.475
4.853
0.744
0.593
0.517
0.456
0.429
0.405
0.382
0.361
0.342
0.292
0.229
0.183
0.149
0.102
0.072
0.053
0.04
0.031
0.024
0.019
0.016
0.011
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002

0.6
16.665
15.333
13.934
12.523
11.172
9.928
8.811
7.819
6.941
6.162
5.468
4.841
4.269
1.219
0.961
0.797
0.734
0.68
0.632
0.59
0.552
0.46
0.35
0.275
0.22
0.148
0.104
0.076
0.057
0.044
0.035
0.028
0.023
0.016
0.012
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.004
0.003

0.8
16.626
15.305
13.915
12.509
11.162
9.921
8.806
7.815
6.937
6.158
5.462
4.832
4.249
3.914
3.697
1.57
1.27
1.098
0.977
0.883
0.807
0.642
0.47
0.361
0.286
0.19
0.133
0.097
0.073
0.056
0.044
0.036
0.029
0.021
0.015
0.012
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.005

TABLE 25A: LeeKesler residual entropy values for ((s0 s)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1
16.586
15.278
13.896
12.496
11.153
9.914
8.799
7.81
6.933
6.155
5.458
4.826
4.238
3.894.
3.658
3.406
3.264
3.093
2.399
1.306
1.113
0.82
0.577
0.437
0.343
0.226
0.158
0.115
0.086
0.067
0.053
0.043
0.035
0.025
0.019
0.015
0.012
0.01
0.007
0.006

1.2
16.547
15.251
13.877
12.482
11.143
9.907
8.794
7.807
6.93
6.152
5.455
4.822
4.232
3.885
3.647
3.391
3.247
3.082
2.868
2.513
1.655
0.931
0.64
0.489
0.385
0.254
0.178
0.13
0.098
0.076
0.06
0.049
0.04
0.029
0.022
0.018
0.014
0.012
0.009
0.007

PR
1.5
2
3
5
16.488 16.39 16.195 15.837
15.211 15.144 15.011 14.751
13.849 13.803 13.714 13.541
12.462 12.43 12.367 12.248
11.129 11.107 11.063 10.985
9.897 9.882 9.853 9.806
8.787 8.777
8.76 8.736
7.801 7.794 7.784 7.779
6.926 6.922 6.919 6.929
6.149 6.147 6.149 6.174
5.453 5.452 5.461 5.501
4.82 4.822 4.839 4.898
4.23 4.236 4.267 4.351
3.884 3.896 3.941 4.046
3.648 3.669 3.728 3.851
3.401 3.437 3.517 3.661
3.268 3.318 3.412 3.569
3.126 3.195 3.306 3.477
2.967 3.067
3.2 3.387
2.784 2.933 3.094 3.297
2.557
2.79 2.986 3.209
1.443 2.283 2.655 2.949
0.618 1.241 2.067 2.534
0.502 0.654 1.471 2.138
0.412 0.447 0.991 1.767
0.282
0.3 0.481 1.147
0.2
0.22
0.29
0.73
0.147 0.166 0.206 0.479
0.112 0.129 0.159 0.334
0,087 0.102 0.127 0.248
0.07 0.083 0.105 0.195
0.057 0.069 0.089
0.16
0.048 0.058 0.077 0.136
0.035 0.043
0.06 0.105
0.027 0.034 0.048 0.096
0.021 0.028 0.041 0.074
0.018 0.023 0.035 0.065
0.015
0.02 0.031 0.058
0.011 0.015 0.024 0.046
0.009 0.012
0.02 0.038

(0)

/R) (continued)

7
15.468
14.496
13.376
12.145
10.92
9.769
8.723
7.785
6.952
6.213
5.555
4.969
4.442
4.151
3.966
3.788
3.701
3.616
3.532
3.45
3.369
3.134
2.767
2.428
2.115
1.569
1.138
0.823
0.604
0.456
0.355
0.286
0.238
0.178
0.143
0.12
0.104
0.093
0.073
0.06

10
14.925
14.153
13.144
11.999
10.836
9.732
8.72
7.811
7.002
6.285
5.648
5.082
4.578
4.3
4.125
3.957
3.875
3.796
3.717
3.64
3.565
3.348
3,013
2.708
2.43
1.944
1.544
1.222
0.969
0.775
0.628
0.518
0.434
0.322
0.254
0.21
0.188
0.158
0.122
0.1

TABLE 25B: LeeKesler residual entropy values for ((s0 s)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

2002 by CRC Press LLC

(1)

/R)

PR
0.01
16.782
15.413
13.99
12.564
11.202
0.115
0.078
0.055
0.04
0.029
0.022
0.017
0.013
0.011
0.01
0.01
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.05
16.774
15.408
13.986
12.561
11.2
9.948
8.828
0.309
0.216
0.156
0.116
0.088
0.068
0.058
0.053
0.048
0.046
0.044
0.042
0.04
0.039
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.019
0.013
0.01
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0

0.1
16.764
15.401
13.981
12.558
11.197
9.946
8.826
7.832
0.491
0.34
0.246
0.183
0.14
0.12
0.109
0.099
0.094
0.09
0.086
0.082
0.078
0.069
0.055
0.045
0.037
0.026
0.019
0.014
0.011
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001

0.2
16.744
15.387
13.972
12.551
11.192
9.942
8.823
7.829
6.951
6.173
0.578
0.408
0.301
0.254
0.228
0.206
0.196
0.186
0.177
0.169
0.161
0.14
0.112
0.091
0.075
0.052
0.037
0.027
0.021
0.016
0.013
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001

0.4
16.705
15.359
13.953
12.537
11.182
9.935
8.817
7.824
6.945
6.167
5.475
4.853
0.744
0.593
0.517
0.456
0.429
0.405
0.382
0.361
0.342
0.292
0.229
0.183
0.149
0.102
0.072
0.053
0.04
0.031
0.024
0.019
0.016
0.011
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002

0.6
16.665
15.333
13.934
12.523
11.172
9.928
8.811
7.819
6.941
6.162
5.468
4.841
4.269
1.219
0.961
0.797
0.734
0.68
0.632
0.59
0.552
0.46
0.35
0.275
0.22
0.148
0.104
0.076
0.057
0.044
0.035
0.028
0.023
0.016
0.012
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.004
0.003

0.8
16.626
15.305
13.915
12.509
11.162
9.921
8.806
7.815
6.937
6.158
5.462
4.832
4.249
3.914
3.697
1.57
1.27
1.098
0.977
0.883
0.807
0.642
0.47
0.361
0.286
0.19
0.133
0.097
0.073
0.056
0.044
0.036
0.029
0.021
0.015
0.012
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.005

TABLE 25B: LeeKesler residual entropy values for ((s0 s)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

(1)

/R) (continued)

PR
1
16.586
15.278
13.896
12.496
11.153
9.914
8.799
7.81
6.933
6.155
5.458
4.826
4.238
3.894.
3.658
3.406
3.264
3.093
2.399
1.306
1.113
0.82
0.577
0.437
0.343
0.226
0.158
0.115
0.086
0.067
0.053
0.043
0.035
0.025
0.019
0.015
0.012
0.01
0.007
0.006

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1.2
16.547
15.251
13.877
12.482
11.143
9.907
8.794
7.807
6.93
6.152
5.455
4.822
4.232
3.885
3.647
3.391
3.247
3.082
2.868
2.513
1.655
0.931
0.64
0.489
0.385
0.254
0.178
0.13
0.098
0.076
0.06
0.049
0.04
0.029
0.022
0.018
0.014
0.012
0.009
0.007

1.5
16.488
15.211
13.849
12.462
11.129
9.897
8.787
7.801
6.926
6.149
5.453
4.82
4.23
3.884
3.648
3.401
3.268
3.126
2.967
2.784
2.557
1.443
0.618
0.502
0.412
0.282
0.2
0.147
0.112
0,087
0.07
0.057
0.048
0.035
0.027
0.021
0.018
0.015
0.011
0.009

2
16.39
15.144
13.803
12.43
11.107
9.882
8.777
7.794
6.922
6.147
5.452
4.822
4.236
3.896
3.669
3.437
3.318
3.195
3.067
2.933
2.79
2.283
1.241
0.654
0.447
0.3
0.22
0.166
0.129
0.102
0.083
0.069
0.058
0.043
0.034
0.028
0.023
0.02
0.015
0.012

3
16.195
15.011
13.714
12.367
11.063
9.853
8.76
7.784
6.919
6.149
5.461
4.839
4.267
3.941
3.728
3.517
3.412
3.306
3.2
3.094
2.986
2.655
2.067
1.471
0.991
0.481
0.29
0.206
0.159
0.127
0.105
0.089
0.077
0.06
0.048
0.041
0.035
0.031
0.024
0.02

5
15.837
14.751
13.541
12.248
10.985
9.806
8.736
7.779
6.929
6.174
5.501
4.898
4.351
4.046
3.851
3.661
3.569
3.477
3.387
3.297
3.209
2.949
2.534
2.138
1.767
1.147
0.73
0.479
0.334
0.248
0.195
0.16
0.136
0.105
0.096
0.074
0.065
0.058
0.046
0.038

7
15.468
14.496
13.376
12.145
10.92
9.769
8.723
7.785
6.952
6.213
5.555
4.969
4.442
4.151
3.966
3.788
3.701
3.616
3.532
3.45
3.369
3.134
2.767
2.428
2.115
1.569
1.138
0.823
0.604
0.456
0.355
0.286
0.238
0.178
0.143
0.12
0.104
0.093
0.073
0.06

10
14.925
14.153
13.144
11.999
10.836
9.732
8.72
7.811
7.002
6.285
5.648
5.082
4.578
4.3
4.125
3.957
3.875
3.796
3.717
3.64
3.565
3.348
3,013
2.708
2.43
1.944
1.544
1.222
0.969
0.775
0.628
0.518
0.434
0.322
0.254
0.21
0.188
0.158
0.122
0.1

TABLE 26A: LeeKesler fugacity coefficient values for (log10 f/P)(0)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

PR
0.01
3.708
2.471
1.566
0.879
0.344
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.003
0,002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0,001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.05
4.402
3.166
2.261
1.575
1.04
0.614
0.269
0.026
0.021
0.017
0.014
0.012
0.01
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.1
4.696
3.461
2.557
1.871
1.336
0.911
0.566
0.283
0.043
0.035
0.029
0.024
0.02
0.018
0.017
0.016
0.016
0.015
0.015
0.014
0.014
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.2
4.985
3.751
2.848
2.162
1.628
1.204
0.859
0.576
0.4
0.144
0.059
0.049
0.041
0.037
0.035
0.033
0.032
0.031
0.03
0.029
0.028
0.025
0.022
0.019
0.017
0.013
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0.001
0.001

0.4
5.261
4.029
3.128
2.444
1.912
1.488
1.144
0.862
0.627
0.43
0.264
0.123
0.086
0.077
0.072
0.067
0.065
0.063
0.061
0.059
0.057
0.052
0.045
0.039
0.034
0.026
0.02
0.016
0.012
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.003
0.001
0
0
0.001
0.001
0.002

0.6
5.412
4.183
3.283
2.601
2.07
1.647
1.304
1.023
0.789
0.592
0.426
0.285
0.166
0.122
0.113
0.105
0.101
0.098
0.095
0.091
0.088
0.08
0.069
0.059
0.051
0.039
0.03
0.024
0.019
0.015
0.012
0.009
0.007
0.004
0.002
0.001
0
0.001
0.002
0.003

0.8
5.512
4.285
3.387
2.707
2.177
1.755
1.413
1.132
0.899
0.703
0.537
0.396
0.276
0.214
0.176
0.148
0.142
0.137
0.132
0.127
0.122
0.11
0.093
0.08
0.069
0.052
0.04
0.032
0.025
0.02
0.015
0.012
0.009
0.005
0.003
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.004

TABLE 26A: LeeKesler fugacity coefficient values for (log10 f/P)(0) (continued)
TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

PR
1
5.584
4.359
3.463
2.795
2.256
1.835
1.494
1.214
0.981
0.785
0.619
0.479
0.359
0.296
0.258
0.223
0.206
0.191
0.176
0.168
0.161
0.143
0.12
0.102
0.088
0.066
0.051
0.039
0.031
0.024
0.019
0.015
0.012
0.007
0.003
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.004
0.005

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1.2
5.638
4.416
3.522
2.845
2.317
1.897
1.557
1.278
1.045
0.85
0.685
0.544
0.424
0.361
0.322
0.287
0.27
0.254
0.238
0.224
0.21
0.18
0.148
0.125
0.106
0.08
0.061
0.047
0.037
0.029
0.023
0.018
0.014
0.008
0.004
0.001
0.001
0.003
0.005
0.006

1.5
5.697
4.479
3.588
2.913
2.387
1.969
1.63
1.352
1.12
0.925
0.76
0.62
0.5
0.437
0.398
0.362
0.344
0.328
0.312
0.297
0.282
0.242
0.193
0.16
0.135
0.1
0.076
0.059
0.046
0.036
0.028
0.022
0.017
0.009
0.004
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.006
0.007

2
5.759
4.547
3.661
2.99
2.468
2.052
1.715
1.439
1.208
1.015
0.851
0.711
0.591
0.527
0.488
0.452
0.434
0.417
0.401
0.385
0.37
0.327
0.267
0.22
0.184
0.134
0.101
0.077
0.06
0.046
0.036
0.028
0.021
0.012
0.005
0.001
0.003
0.005
0.008
0.01

3
5.81
4.611
3.735
3.071
2.555
2.145
1.812
1.539
1.312
1.121
0.958
0.819
0.7
0.637
0.598
0.561
0.543
0.526
0.509
0.493
0.477
0.433
0.368
0.312
0.266
0.195
0.146
0.111
0.085
0.065
0.05
0.038
0.029
0.015
0.006
0.001
0.005
0.009
0.013
0.016

5
5.782
4.608
3.752
3.104
2.601
2.201
1.878
1.612
1.391
1.204
1.046
0.911
0.794
0.732
0.693
0.657
0.639
0.622
0.605
0.589
0.573
0.529
0.462
0.403
0.352
0.269
0.205
0.157
0.12
0.092
0.069
0.052
0.037
0.017
0.003
0.007
0.014
0.018
0.025
0.028

7
5.679
4.53
3.694
3.063
2.572
2.183
1.869
1.611
1.396
1.215
1.062
0.93
0.917
0.756
0.719
0.683
0.666
0.649
0.633
0.617
0.601
0.557
0.491
0.433
0.382
0.296
0.229
0.176
0.135
0.102
0.075
0.054
0.037
0.012
0.005
0.017
0.025
0.031
0.038
0.041

10
5.461
4.352
3.545
2.938
2.468
2.096
1.795
1.549
1.344
1.172
1.026
0.901
0.793
0.735
0.699
0.665
0.649
0.633
0.617
0.602
0.588
0.546
0.482
0.426
0.377
0.293
0.226
0.173
0.129
0.094
0.066
0.043
0.024
0.004
0.024
0.037
0.046
0.053
0.061
0.064

TABLE 26B: LeeKesler fugacity coefficient values for (log10 f/P)(1)


TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

PR
0.01
8.778
6.528
4.912
3.726
2.838
0.013
0.009
0.006
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2002 by CRC Press LLC

0.05
8.779
6.53
4.914
3.728
2.839
2.163
1.644
0.031
0.021
0.014
0.01
0.006
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0
0
0.001
0.001
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001

0.1
8.781
6.532
4.916
3.73
2.841
2.165
1.646
1.242
0.044
0.03
0.02
0.013
0.009
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.001
0
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.002
0.002

0.2
8.785
6.536
4.919
3.734
2.845
2.169
1.65
1.245
0.927
0.675
0.043
0.028
0.018
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002
0
0.002
0.003
0.005
0.006
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004

0.4
8.79
6.544
4.929
3.742
2.853
2.177
1.657
1.252
0.934
0.682
0.481
0.321
0.039
0.029
0.023
0.018
0.016
0.014
0.012
0.01
0.009
0.005
0.001
0.005
0.007
0.011
0.013
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.013
0.013
0.012
0.011
0.011
0.01
0.009
0.008

0.6
8.797
6.551
4.937
3.75
2.861
2.184
1.664
1.258
0.94
0.688
0.487
0.327
0.199
0.048
0.037
0.029
0.025
0.021
0.018
0.016
0.013
0.006
0.002
0.008
0.012
0.017
0.02
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.021
0.02
0.019
0.018
0.017
0.016
0.015
0.013
0.012

0.8
8.804
6.559
4.945
3.758
2.869
2.192
1.671
1.265
0.946
0.694
0.493
0.332
0.204
0.141
0.103
0.042
0.035
0.03
0.025
0.021
0.017
0.007
0.004
0.011
0.017
0.023
0.027
0.028
0.029
0.029
0.028
0.028
0.027
0.025
0.024
0.023
0.021
0.02
0.018
0.016

TABLE 26B: LeeKesler fugacity coefficient values for (log10 f/P)(1) (continued)
TR
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1
1.01
1.02
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.5
4

PR
1
8.811
6.567
4.954
3.766
2.877
2.199
1.677
1.271
0.952
0.7
0.499
0.338
0.21
0.146
0.108
0.075
0.059
0.044
0.031
0.024
0.019
0.007
0.007
0.016
0.023
0.03
0.034
0.036
0.036
0.036
0.035
0.034
0.034
0.032
0.03
0.028
0.027
0.025
0.022
0.02

2002 by CRC Press LLC

1.2
8.818
6.575
4.962
3.774
2.884
2.207
1.684
1.278
0.958
0.705
0.504
0.343
0.215
0.151
0.114
0.08
0.064
0.05
0.036
0.024
0.015
0.002
0.012
0.022
0.029
0.038
0.041
0.043
0.043
0.043
0.042
0.041
0.04
0.038
0.036
0.034
0.032
0.03
0.026
0.023

1.5
8.828
6.587
4.974
3.786
2.896
2.218
1.695
1.287
0.967
0.714
0.512
0.351
0.222
0.158
0.121
0.087
0.071
0.056
0.042
0.03
0.018
0.008
0.025
0.034
0.041
0.049
0.053
0.055
0.055
0.054
0.053
0.052
0.05
0.047
0.044
0.042
0.039
0.037
0.033
0.029

2
8.845
6.606
4.995
3.806
2.915
2.236
1.712
1.304
0.983
0.728
0.526
0.364
0.234
0.17
0.132
0.097
0.081
0.066
0.052
0.038
0.026
0.007
0.041
0.056
0.064
0.071
0.074
0.074
0.074
0.072
0.07
0.068
0.066
0.062
0.058
0.055
0.052
0.049
0.043
0.038

3
8.88
6.645
5.035
3.845
2.953
2.273
1.747
1.336
1.013
0.756
0.551
0.388
0.256
0.19
0.151
0.116
0.099
0.084
0.068
0.054
0.041
0.005
0.042
0.074
0.093
0.109
0.112
0.112
0.11
0.107
0.104
0.101
0.097
0.091
0.086
0.08
0.076
0.072
0.063
0.057

5
8.953
6.723
5.115
3.923
3.027
2.342
1.812
1.397
1.07
0.809
0.6
0.432
0.296
0.228
0.187
0.149
0.132
0.115
0.099
0.084
0.069
0.029
0.026
0.069
0.102
0.142
0.161
0.167
0.167
0.165
0.161
0.157
0.152
0.143
0.134
0.127
0.12
0.114
0.101
0.09

7
9.022
6.8
5.195
4.001
3.101
2.41
1.875
1.456
1.124
0.858
0.645
0.473
0.333
0.262
0.22
0.18
0.162
0.144
0.127
0.111
0.095
0.052
0.008
0.057
0.096
0.15
0.181
0.197
0.204
0.205
0.203
0.2
0.196
0.186
0.176
0.167
0.158
0.151
0.134
0.121

10
9.126
6.919
5.312
4.114
3.208
2.51
1.967
1.539
1.201
0.929
0.709
0.53
0.384
0.31
0.265
0.223
0.203
0.184
0.166
0.149
0.132
0.085
0.019
0.036
0.081
0.148
0.191
0.218
0.234
0.242
0.246
0.246
0.244
0.236
0.227
0.217
0.208
0.199
0.179
0.163

Table 27A: Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs energy of formation, entropy, and enthalpy of vaporization at 25C and 1 atm.
Substance

Formula

hf0,
kJ/kmole

Acetylene (Ethyne)
Ammonia
Benzene
Butanen
Carbon
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Decanen
Diesel(light)
Ethane
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene (Ethene)
Ethylene Glycol

C2H2(g)
NH3(g)
C6H6(g)
C4H10(g)
C(s)
CO2(g)
CO(g)
C10H22
CH1.8(l)
C2H6(g)
C2H5OH(g)
C2H5OH(l)
C2H4(g)
(CH2OH)2

226,736
46,190
82,930
126,150
0
393,520
110,530
249530
-21,506
84,680
235,310
277,690
52,280
389,320

Gasoline

CH1.87(l)

-3363

Glucose

C6H12O6

gf0,kJ/kmoe s 0 ,kJ/kmole h 0 kJ/kmole *TFlame, K


fg
K
209,170
200.85
2559.4
16,590
192.33
129,660
269.20
33,830
2354.2
15,170
310.03
21,060
2279.6
0
5.74
2315.9
394,380
213.67
971.4
137,156
197.56
2404.2
32970
545.7
40020
2287.0
3706
2286.6
32,890
229.49
2269.0
168,570
282.59
42,340
2246.2
174,890
160.70
2203.2
68,120
219.83
2383.2
304470
323.55
52490
2214.9
4239
212

2325.3
2130.3

1260,268
Hydrogen
Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogenmonatomic
Hydroxyl
Lead
Lead oxide
Lead sulfate
Manganese
Manganese dioxide
Manganese trioxide
Mercuric oxide
Mercury
Methane

H2(g)
H2O2(g)
H(g)
OH(g)
Pb(c)
PbO2(c)
PbSO4(c)
Mn(c)
MnO2(c)
Mn2O3(c)
HgO(c)
Hg(l)
CH4(g)

0
136,310
218,000
39,040
0
277,400
919,940
0
520,030
958,970
90,210
0
74,850

0
105,600
203,290
34,280
0
217,360
813,200
0
465,180
881,150
58,400
0
50,790

130.57
232.63
114.61
183.75
64.81
68.6
148.57
31.8
53.14
110.15
70.45
77.24
186.16

Methyl alcohol
Methyl alcohol
Nitric Oxide
Nitrogen
Nitrogen Dioxide

CH3OH(g)
CH3OH(1)
NO
N2(9)
NO2

200,890
238,810
90,290
0
33,100

162,140
166,290
86,595
0
51,240

239.70
126.80
210.65
191.50
239.91

Nitrogenmonatomic
Nonanen
Octaneiso(g)
Octaneiso(l)
Octanen(g)
Octanen(l)
Oxygen
Oxygenmonatomic
Palmitic Acid(fat)
Pentanen
Propane
Propylene (Propene)

N(g)
C9H20
C8H18(g)
C8H18(l)
C8Hl8(g)
C8H18(l)
O2(g)
O(g)
C16H32O2
C5H12(9)
C3H8(g)
C3H6(g)

472,680
228,870
232,191
263,111
208,450
249,910
0
249,170
834,694
146,440
103,850
20,410

455,510
24730

153.19
506.4

25948
17,320
6,610
0
231,770

425.2
463.67
360.79
205.04
160.95
452.37
348.40
269.91
266.94

2002 by CRC Press LLC

8,200
23,490
62,720

2060
61,090

2450.7
37,900

2231.3
2157.7

37,690

2286.4
2279.8
2272.1
2285.7
2275.4

31095
41,460

31,410
15,060
18,490

2259.3
2282.1
2276.9
2346.4

Substance

Formula

hf0,
kJ/kmole

gf0,kJ/kmoe s 0 ,kJ/kmole

Silver oxide
Sulfur
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide
Sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid
Water(g)
Water(l)
Zinc
Zinc oxide

Ag2O(c)
S
SO2(g)
SO3(g)
H2SO4(l)
(aq, m = 1)
H2O(g)
H2O(1)
Zn(c)
ZnO(c)

31,050
0
296,842
395,765
813,990
909,270
241,820
285,830
0
343,280

11,200
0
300,194
371,060
690,100
744,630
228,590
237,180
0
318,320

K
121.7
32.06
248.12
256.77
156.90
20.1
188.72
69.95
41.63
43.64

hfg 0 kJ/kmole *TFlame, K

44,010

Some of the data are from K. Wark, Advanced Thermodynamics for Engineers, McGraw Hill
Book Co., 1995. Originally from the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, Dow Chemical Co.,
1971; Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Technical Note 2703, 1968; and API Research Project 44, Carnegie Press, 1953.
*T Flame denotes the adiabatic flame temperature for the fuel burning in in air under chemical
equilibrium. The species that are considered are NO, OH, CO, CO2, H2 O, H2, N2 , O2 . Computed using THERMOLAB-1 software (available on the CRC website at
http://www.crcpress.com).

2002 by CRC Press LLC

Table 27 B: Values of enthalpy of combustion, Gibbs free energy change, entropy change and
chemical availability in dry air during combustion of fuels at standard temperature, To = 25C,
and pressure, po = 1 atm*
g0
MJ/kg

s0
kJ/kgK

(h0 g0)/g0
%

AvailF

kg/km
ol
26.038
78.114
12.011
28.01
30.07
46.069
28.054
62.07

hc0
MJ/kg
48.3
40.6
32.8
10.1
47.5
27.8
47.2
17.1

47.1
40.8
32.9
9.2
48.0
28.4
46.9
18.6

3.7
0.5
0.2
3.1
1.5
2.1
1. 1
5.1

+2.4
0.4
0.2
+10.1
1.0
2.2
+0.7
8.1

1265.6
3298.5
410.26
275.10
1493.9
1359.6
1359.6
1226.4

2.016
114.23
16.043
32.042
58.12
142.29
100.21
86.18
128.26
114.23
72.15
44.097
42.081
32.064
48.063

120.0
44.7
50.0
21.1
45.8
44.6
45.0
45.1
44.7
44.8
45.4
46.4
45.8
9.2
6.3

113.5
45.8
49.9
21.5
46.6
45.7
45.9
46.1
45.7
45.8
46.3
47.1
45.9
9.3
5.8

22.0
3.7
0.3
1.4
2.7
3.5
3.2
3.1
3.4
3.3
2.9
2.3
0.4
0.3
1.6

+5.8
2.4
+0.2
1.9
1.7
2.3
2.1
2.0
2.2
2.2
1.9
1.5
0.3
0.9
+8.5

235.2
5375.8
830.2
722.3
2802.5
6726.4
4764.3
4110
6072.3
5418.6
3455.8
2149
1999.9
609.6

M
Fuel Formula
Acetylene C2H2
Benzene C6H6
Carbon (graphite) C
Carbon monoxide CO
Ethane C2H6
Ethanol CH5OH
Ethylene C2H4
Ethylene gly
col(CH2OH)2
Hydrogen H2
Isooctane C8H18
Methane CH4
MethanolCH3OH
nButane C4H10
nDecane C10H22
nHeptaneC7HI6
nHexane C6H14
nNonane C9H20
nOctane C8H18
nPentane C5HI2
Propane C3H8
Propylene C3H6
Sulfur S
Sulfur monoxide SO

MJ/kmol

Assumed ambient mole fractions: CO2: 0.0003, H2O: 0.0303, N2: 0.7659; O2, 0.2035.
Source: E. P. Gyftopoulos, and G. P. Beretta, Thermodynamics, Foundations and Application,
Macmillan Publishing Co., NY, 1991. Originally from the data presented by R. C. Weast, Ed.,
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 66th Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1985;
Chemical Availability were calculated by THERMOLAB-1 software (available on the CRC
website at http://www.crcpress.com). Other data from A. Bejan, Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, 1988.
Each constituent before and after combustion is assumed to be in its ideal gas state at T0 and
P0 .

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 27C: Values of adiabatic flame temperature, entropy generation at 298 K, and composition of some of the product gases for the combustion of various hydrocarbons in a perfectly
insulated steady state burner.
Fuel
Acetylene
Benzene
Carbon
Ethane
Ethylene
Hydrogen
Isooctane
Methane
nButane
nDecane
nHeptane
nHexane
nNonane
nOctane
nPentane
Propane
Propylene

Formula

Tadiab

C2H2
C6H6
C
C2H6
C2H4
H2
C8H18
CH4
C4H10
C10H22
C7H16
C6H14
C9H19
C8H18
C5H12
C8H8
C3H6

K
2598.0
2382.6
2326.0
2300.5
2416.6
2448.5
2312.1
2266.0
2311.8
2316.4
2316.7
2313.2
30.0
2316.1
2313.2
2307.9
2378.5

(To)/go
%
22.6
27.5
26.0
29.0
26.2
20.9
30.2
28.3
29.6
30.1
29.9
29.8
1.36
30.0
29.7
29.4
27.6

CO2
Kmol/MJ
1.17
1.61
2.25
1.23
1.27
0
1.35
1.12
1.31
1.36
1.34
1.34
179
1.35
1.32
1.28
1.33

CO

NO

NO2

N2O

mol/MJ
457
270
280
155
254
0
175
124
170
179
178
175
45.2
178
173
165
227

mol/MJ
51.4
30.1
0
53.2
56.6
231
45.0
57.5
48.6
44.9
46.2
46.4
37.8
45.6
47.4
50.3
50.8

mol/MJ
87.3
49.6
44.6
35.6
52.9
46.3
37.2
31.3
37.1
37.8
37.8
37.4
7.3
37.8
37.4
36.6
47.0

mmol/MJ
19.8
10.4
9.5
6.6
10.8
7.4
7.1
5.6
7.01
7.3
7.2
7.1
2.0
7.2
7.1
6.9
9.4

mmol/MJ
4.6
2.7
2.5
1.9
2.8
2.3
2.0
1.7
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.5

Source: Tables 27C and 28A from E. P. Gyftopoulos, and G. P. Beretta, Thermodynamics,
Foundations and Application, Macmillan Publishing Co., NY, 1991.
Combustion for a mixture of each hydrocarbon with the stoichiometric amount of dry air at
298 K and 1 atm. Values are determined assuming chemical equilibrium for the gases in the
outlet stream with respect to the reaction mechanisms CO2 CO + (1/2)O2, H2 O H2
+(1/2)O2, N2 + O2 2NO, (1/2)N2 + O2 NO2 and N2 + (1/2)O2 N2O. The entropy generation and change in Gibbs free energy during combustion go are per unit amount of fuel.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 28A: Values of the constants Ak and Bk for the reaction mechanisms of formation of
various substances in idealgas states at standard pressure, p0 = 1 atm, for use in the approximate expression
K (T) = exp. (A (B/T)), T in K, 298 < T < 5000; A= k Ak, B= k Bk
(e.g.: CO2 CO +1/ O2, A = 1ACO +(1/2) A O2 1A CO2 )
Substance
Acetylene
Ammonia
Carbon
Carbon (diatomic)
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrafluoride
Chlorine (atomic)
Chloroform
Ethylene
Fluorine (atomic)
Freon 12
Freon 21
Hydrogen (atomic)
Hydronium ion
Hydroxyl
Hydroxyl ion
Methane
Nitric oxide
Nitrogen (atomic)
Nitrogen dioxide
Nitrogen oxide
Oxygen (atomic)
Oxygen ion
Ozone
Proton
Water

Formula
C2 H2
NH3
C
C2
CO2
CO
CF4
Cl
CHCl3
C2H4
F
CC12F2
CHC12F
H
H3O+
OH
OH
CH4
NO
N
NO2
N2 O
O
O
O3
H+
H2 O

Ak (K)
6.325
13.951
18.871
22.870
0.010
10.098
18.143
7.244
13.284
9.827
7.690
14.830
12.731
7.104
8.312
1.666
6.753
13.213
1.504
7.966
7.630
8.438
7.963
0.528
8.107
13.437
6.866

Bk (K)
26.818
6.462
86.173
100.582
47.575
13.808
112.213
14.965
12.327
4.635
9.906
58.585
34.190
26.885
71.295
4.585
20.168
10.732
10.863
57.442
3.870
10.249
30.471
10.048
17.307
188.141
29.911

Source: Regression of data from the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, 2nd ed., D. R. Stull and
H. Prophet, Project Directors, NSRDSNBS37. U.S. Department of Commerce National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1971.
For any elemental species in natural form, Ak = 0 and Bk = 0.

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 28B: Logarithms to the base 10 of the equilibrium constant K0.


(1)* H2 2H; (2) O2 2O; (3) N2 2N; (4) 1/2 O2 + 1/2 N2 NO; (5) H2O H2 + 1/2 O2
; (6) H2O OH + 1/2 H2; (7) CO2 CO + 1/2 O2; (8) CO2 + H2 CO + H2O; (9) N2 + 2O2
2 NO2.
T, K
298
500
1000
1200
1400
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500

(1)
71.224
40.316
17.292
13.414
10.630
8.532
7.666
6.896
6.204
5.580
5.016
4.502
4.032
3.600
3.202
2.836
2.494
2.178
1.882
1.606
1.348
1.106
0.878
0.664
0.462

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
81.208 159.600 15.171 40.048 46.054 45.066 5.018 -41.355
45.880 92.672 8.783 22.886 26.130 25.025 2.139 -30.725
19.614 -43.0516 4.062 10.062 11.280 10.221 0.159 -23.039
15.208 34.754 3.275 7.899 8.789 7.764 +0.135 -21.752
12.054 28.812 2.712 6.347 7.003 6.014 +0.333 -20.826
9.684 24.350 2.290 5.180 5.662 4.706 +0.474 -20.126
8.706 22.512 2.116 4.699 5.109 4.169 +0.530 -19.835
7.836 20.874 1.962 4.276 4.617 3.693 +0.577 -19.577
7.058 19.410 1.823 3.886 4.177 3.267 +0.619 -19.345
6.356 18.092 1.699 3.540 3.780 2.884 +0.656 -19.136
5.720 16.898
1.586 3.227 3.422 2.539 +0.688 -18.946
5.142 15.810 1.484 2.942 3.095 2.226 +0.716 -18.773
4.614 14.818 1.391 2.682 2.798 1.940 +0.742 -18.614
4.130 13.908 1.305 2.443 2.525 1.679 +0.764 -18.47
3.684 13.070 1.227 2.224 2.274 1.440 +0.784 -18.337
3.272 12.298 1.154 2.021 2.042 1.219 +0.802 -18.214
2.892 11.580 1.087 1.833 1.828 1.015 +0.818 -18.1
2.536 10.914 1.025 1.658 1.628 0.825 +0.833 -17.994
2.206 10.294 0.967 1.495 1.442 0.649 +0.846 -17.896
1.898
9.716 0.913 1.343 1.269 0.485 +0.858 -17.805
1.610
9.174 0.863 1.201 1.107 0.332 +0.869 -17.72
1.340
8.664 0.815 1.067 0.955 0.189 +0.878 -17.64
1.086
8.186 0.771 0.942 0.813 0.054 +0.888 -17.566
0.846
7.736 0.729 0.824 0.679 +6.071 +0.895 -17.496
0.620
7.312 0.690 0.712 0.552 +0.190 +0.902 -17.431

Source: Based on data from the JANAF Tables, NSRDSNBS37, 1971, and revisions published in Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data through 1982.
* If reactions are reversed (e.g. from H2 2H to 2H H2), then reverse the sign for the
numbers in table (e.g. at 2000 K, change from -5.580 for H2 2H to + 5.580 for 2H H2).

2002 by CRC Press LLC

TABLE 28B: Logarithms to the base 10 of the equilibrium constant K (continued reactions
involving solid carbon)
(10) C + 1/2 O2 CO; (11) C + O2 CO2; (12) C + 2H2 CH4; (13) C + CO2 2CO; (14)
C + H2O CO + H2
T, K
298
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1750
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500

2002 by CRC Press LLC

(10)
24.0479
23.9285
19.1267
16.2528
14.3362
12.9648
11.9319
11.1256
10.4777
9.445
9.4983
9.1176
8.79
8.5045

7.9182

7.4623

6.8008

6.3372

5.9968

(11)
69.0915
68.668
51.5365
41.2582
34.4011
29.5031
25.8266
22.9665
20.6768
18.8026
17.24
15.9165
14.7816
13.7986

12.0392

10.3258

8.2212

6.8437

5.7954

(12)
(13)
(14)
11 20.52 16.02

6.65 13.02 10.12


4.08 8.64 6.62
2.36 5.69 4.26
1.12 3.59 2.59
0.2 1.98 1.31
0.53 0.74 0.33
1.05
0.26
0.48
1.49
1.08
1.15
1.91
1.74
1.68
2.24
2.3
2.13
2.54
2.77
2.5
2.79
3.18
2.83
3.01
3.56
3.14
3.2
3.89
3.41

3.36
4.18
3.64
3.51
4.45
6.86
3.64
4.69
4.05
3.75
4.91
4.22
3.86
5.1
4.37
3.96
5.27
4.51
4.06
5.43
4.64
4.15
5.58
4.76
4.23
5.72
4.87
4.3
5.84
4.97
4.37
5.95
5.06
4.43
6.05
5.14
4.49
6.16
5.23
4.55
6.25
5.3
4.61
6.33
5.37
4.66
6.41
5.44
4.71
6.49
5.5
4.75
6.56
5.56