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1) Tollen Test 2 mL AgNO3 5% Added by 2 drops of NaOH 5% Added by NH4OH drop by drop while shaked Tollen Reagent

Test Tube I Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of benzaldehyde Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:350C-500C) Observed Silver Moirror

Test Tube II Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of acetone Shaked

If there is no reaction heated (T:350C-500C) Observed Silver Moirror

Test Tube III Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of cyclohexane Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:350C-500C) Observed Silver Moirror

Test Tube IV Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of formalin Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:350C-500C) Observed Silver Moirror

2) Fehling Test (Fehling A+B) Test tube I 5 mL of fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of formal dehyde Replace in boiling water observed Red brich precipitate

Test tube II 5 mL of Fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of Acetone Replace in boiling water observed Blue Solution

Test tube III 5 mL of Fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of formal Cyclohexane

Replace in boiling water observed Blue solution

3) Bisulfit Adition 5 mL of Na(SO3)2 Saturated put in erlenmeyer 50 mL cold in ice water added by 2,5 mL of acetone drop by drop while shaked wait for 5 minutes added by 10 mL ethanol Filtered the hablur by filter funnel Put in test tube Added by some drops of HCl concentrated

XX (melting P)
4) Fenil Hidrazin Test Test tube I 5 mL of Fenil Hidrazin Added by 10 drops of benzaldehyde Close the test tube

Shaked for 1-2 minutes untill there is hablur Filter hablur with filter funnel Wash hablur by cold water hablur again with ethanol Let it dry Determine the melting point 1320C

Test tube II 5 mL of Fenil Hidrazin Added by 10 drops of cyclohexanon Close the test tube Shaked for 1-2 minutes untill there is hablur Filter hablur with filter funnel Wash hablur by cold water hablur again with ethanol Let it dry Determine the melting point 1320C

5) Haloform Reaction Test tube I

5 mL NaOH 5 % Added by 5 drops of Acetone Added by Iodium drop by drop untillthe colour constant iodoform

Test tube II 5 mL NaOH 5 % Added by 5 drops of Isoprophyl of alchohol Added by Iodium drop by drop untillthe colour constant iodoform

6) Aldol Condesation 5 mL of NaOH 1 % Added by 0,5 of asetaldehyde Shaked Note the smell Boiled for 3 minutes Note the smell Krotonal Dehide

A. Experiment Data No. Procedure Tollen Test


2 mL AgNO3 5% Added by 2 drops of NaOH 5% Added by NH4OH drop by drop while shaked

Result

Reaction

Conclution

2AgNO3 +2NaH NaNO3

Ag2O + H2O + 2

Tollen Reagent

Ag2O + 2NH4OH OHTube 1

2Ag(NH3)2++3

Test Tube I
Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of benzaldehyde Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:35 C-50 C) Observed Silver Moirror
0 0

Test Tube I: Benzadehyde + Tollen = Silver Mirror Aldehyde can react with tollen reagen (aldehyde can reduction tollen) but keton cant Tube 2 CH3COCH3(aq) + 2Ag(NH3)2OH(aq)

Test Tube II
Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of acetone

Test Tube II: Acetone + Tollen = White Precipitate

Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:35 C-50 C) Observed Silver Moirror


0 0

Tube 3

Test tube III


Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of cyclohexanon Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:35 C-50 C) Observed Silver Moirror
0 0

Test Tube III: Cyclohexnon + Tollen = White Precipitate

ube IV:

Test Tube IV
Tollen Reagent Put in test tube Added by 2 drops of formalin Shaked If there is no reaction heated (T:35 C-50 C) Observed Silver Moirror
0 0

Test Tube IV: Formalin + Tollen = Silver Mirror

Fehling Test

Test Tube I:

Tube 1

Test Tube I
5 mL of fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of formal dehyde Replace in boiling water observed

Formaldehyde + Fehling Reagen = Red-brich Precipitate

Red brich precipitate

Test Tube II
5 mL of Fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of Acetone Replace in boiling water observed

Test Tube II: Acetone + Fehling Reagen = Blue Solution (no reaction)

Tube 2 CH3COCH3 +2Cu2+ + 5OH-

Aldehyde can react with fehling (fehling reagen can oxydized aldehyde) but keton cant.

Blue Solution

Test Tube III


5 mL of Fehling Reagen Put in test tube Added by some drops of formal Cyclohexanon Replace in boiling water Observed

Test Tube III: Cyclohexanon + Fehling Reagen = blue Solution (no reaction)

Blue solution

Bisulfit Adition
5 mL of Na(SO3)2 Saturated put in erlenmeyer 50 mL cold in ice water added by 2,5 mL of acetone drop by drop while shaked wait for 5 minutes added by 10 mL ethanol Filtered the hablur by filter funnel Put in test tube Added by some drops of HCl concentrated

Sodium bisulfit + acetone = turbid solution


H3 C O C CH 3

HSO3Na+

Aseton

Sodium bisulfit + acetone + athanol = Hablur + soution


H3 C

OH C CH 3 SO3 Na +

C2H5OH

H3 C

C CH 3

OC 2H 5

Keton can react with sodium bislfite (adition)

Hablur + HCl = solution

Fenil Hidrazin Test Test Tube I


5 mL of Fenil Hidrazin Added by 10 drops of benzaldehyde Close the test tube

Fenilhydrazin + benzaldehyde = yellow hablur ++ Aldehyde and ketone react with fenilhydrazin form water and hablur. The melting point of aldehyde is about 1300C The melting point of ketone is about 780C.

Shaked for 1-2 minutes untill there is hablur Filter hablur with filter funnel Wash hablur by cold water hablur again with ethanol Let it dry

Hablur + ethanol = hablur in solution (yellow)

The melting point

Determine the melting point

XX
Test II
5 mL of Fenil Hidrazin Added by 10 drops of cyclohexanon Close the test tube Shaked for 1-2 minutes untill there is hablur Filter hablur with filter funnel Wash hablur by cold water hablur again with ethanol Let it dry Determine the melting point

is

XX

Fenilhydrazin + cyclohexanon = light yellow hablur

Hablur + ethanol = hablur in solution (light yellow)

The melting point is 800C Haloform Reaction Test Tube I


5 mL NaOH 5 % Added by 5 drops of Acetone Added by Iodium drop by drop untillthe colour constant iodoform

Acetone + Iodium = yellow precipitate The smell is like medecine

Trihalo compound easy diuraikan with base to form haloform. Methyl group that bond with carbond change to trihalomethylcompound by halogen and base

Test Tube II
5 mL NaOH 5 % Added by 5 drops of Isoprophyl of alchohol Added by Iodium drop by drop untillthe colour constant Iodoform

Isopropyl alchohol + Iodium = Yellow precipitate ++ The smell is like medecine

Aldol Condensation
5 mL of NaOH 1 % Added by 0,5 of asetaldehyde Shaked Note the smell Boiled for 3 minutes Note the smell

NaOH + acetaldehyde = colourless (the


H3C

O C OH H H

OH+ O
CH 3 C H CH 3 C H C H C H CH C H O CH 2 C H

If aldehyde react with liquid base solution, will

smell is like medecine) NaOH + acetaldehyde (boiled) = yellow solution, the smell is tengik

H2O dipanaskan + H2O

condentate sesamanya form not saturated aldehyde called krotonal dehyde

Krotonal Dehide