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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 CHAPTER 14: 2003 Question No. 6 2004 Question No. 5 2005 Question No.

5 INHERITANCE 2006 Question No. 5

Inheritance

2007 Question No. 2

2008 Question No. 2

YEAR 2003
1. Which of the following statements are true about double fertilisation in a plant? I One male gamete nucleus fuses with the nucleus of an egg cell to form an embryo sac II Two haploid nuclei formed in the ovule fuse with two male gamete nuclei III One male gamete nucleus fuses with the female nucleus to form diploid zygote IV Two polar nuclei fuse with one male nucleus to form the endosperm A B 2. I and II only III and IV only D C I, II and III only II, III and IV only

Figure 13 shows genes in a pair of homologous chromosomes

Figure 13
Which of the following statements regarding the homologous chromosomes are true? I II III IV A B Every trait is controlled by a pair of alleles The chromosome pair controls five traits One is a maternal chromosome while the other is a paternal chromosome D, e, f, g and H are possible alleles which may be found in the chromosome of a daughter cell after a mitotic division I and IV only II and III only C D I, II and IV only I, II, III and IV

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 3.

Inheritance

Identical twins are produced from the fertilisation of one sperm and one ovum. Which of the following twins is not the result of such fertilisation? A C

4.

In pea plants, the allele for smooth-skinned seeds is dominant over the allele for wrinkled-skinned seeds. Two heterozygous plants are cross-bred. What is the chance of an offspring producing smooth-skinned seeds? A 25% C 75% B 50% D 100% Figure 30 shows albinism in the pedigree of a family.

5.

Figure 30
Albinism is controlled by a recessive allele, a. What are the genotypes of individual P and individual Q? A B C D Individual P Aa AA Aa AA Individual Q Aa Aa aa aa

6.

Figure 31 shows the results of blood group tests from donors P, Q, R and S.

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Inheritance

Donor P Q R S Key:

Anti-A

Anti-B

Agglutination

No agglutination

Figure 31
Which of the following recipients blood groups are compatible with their donors? A B C D YEAR 2004 1. The figure shows a dihybrid cross between two pea plants. Donor P Q R S Recipients blood group A, B, O and AB O and AB A and B A and O

Which of the following represent genotypes I, II and III? Answer To Score

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 I A B C D RR RY RY YY II yy ry ry rr III RRy y R r Yy RRy y r r YY

Inheritance

2.

The diagram shows a DNA model built by a student.

Which of the following represent K, L, and M? K L A Nitrogenous base Phosphate group B Deoxyribose sugar Phosphate group C Nitrogenous base Deoxyribose sugar D Phosphate group Deoxyribose sugar

M Deoxyribose sugar Nitrogenous base Phosphate group Nitrogenous base

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Inheritance

3.

The figure shows the karyotype of an individual.

The individual is a A normal male B normal female 3.

C D

Down's syndrome male Down's syndrome female

The allele for curly hair in human is dominant to the allele for straight hair. A man with curly hair is heterozygous while his wife has straight hair. The probability of getting a child with straight hair is A B 1 C D

4.

The diagram shows a change in the chromosome structure caused by mutation. What type of mutation is this? A Translocation B Deletion C Duplication D Inversion

5.

The following information refers to sickle cell anaemia. Sickle shaped red blood cells Low haemoglobin content Which of the folllowing activities can be carried out by a person who suffers from sickle cell anaemia? A Driving a car B Climbing a mountain C D Exercising actively Driving

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Inheritance

YEAR 2005 1. The figure shows a pair of homologous chromosomes. The alphabets represent the genes in the chromosomes

T and t represent A alleles B genotype 2.

C D

phenotype linked genes

Which of he following traits was used in Mendelsexperiments? A B Colour of leaf Number of seeds C D Size of fruit Height of plant

3.

The diagram shows a karyotype of a male suffering from a type of genetic disease.

The genetic disease suffered by the man is A B haemophilia Turners syndrome C D Downs syndrome Klinefelters syndrome

4.

The figure shows the inheritance of two traits in pea plants. The allele for smooth seed (S) is dominant to the allele for wrinkled seed. The allele for purple flower (S) is dominant to the allele for white flower. Key

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 S: smooth seed dominant allele s: wrinkled seed received allele Parents Parents Genotype Gamete U: u: purple flower dominant allele white flower recessive allele X Q

Inheritance

SSuu

SSuu

Gamete

Gamete

Gamete

Offsprings Phenotype

Smooth seed, Purple flower

Smooth seed, White flower

Smooth seed, Purple flower

Smooth seed, White flower

Genotype of plant Q is A B 5. SSUU SSuu C D ssUU SsUu

The figure shows a monohybrid cross between durian tree P and durian tree Q. 50% of the offspring are tall and 50% are dwarf Parents Durian tree P (Tall) X Durian tree Q (Dwarf)

Offspring

Durian tree R (Tall)

Durian tree S (Dwarf)

If durian tree R is crossed with durian tree S, what percentage of the trees produced will be dwarf? A B 0% 25% C D 50% 75%

YEAR 2006 1. Which of the following terms defines the physical characteristics of an organism? A B Genotype Phenotype C D Homozygous Heteroygous

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 2.

Inheritance

What is the technique used to transfer genes from the DNA of one species to the DNA of another species? A B Cloning Dihybrid cross C Genetic engineering D Monohybrid cross

3.

Diagram 18 shows the karyotype of an individual.

Which of the following shows the number of chromosome in a gamete produced by the individual? A B 22 + Y 22 + XY C D 44 + Y 44 + X

4.

A married couple has different rhesus Rh factors. Their first child is a Rh + . All the subsequent pregnancies end with miscarriages. Determine the rhesus factors for the parents and the miscarriage foetus. A B C D Father Rh+ Rh+ RhRhMother RhRhRh+ Rh+ Miscarriage foetus RhRh+ Rh+ Rh-

5.

The following information shows the alleles belonging to a pair of married couple.

B b

~ ~

Dominant allele for normal eyesight Recessive allele for colour blindness

Which of the following crosses produces male progeny who all have colour blindness? Answer To Score Jabatan Pelajaran Perak 2009 8

4551/1 Biology Paper 1 A B XbY XBY X X XBXb XBXb C D XbY XBY X X

Inheritance

XBXB XbXb

YEAR 2007 1. Saras blood group is type B. Which blood groups can be recipients of Saras blood. A. B. 2. Types A and AB Types B and AB C. D. Types O and AB Types O and AB

Diagram 23 shows a pair of homologous chrosomes. P is a locus on those homologous chromosomes. What is P? A. Locus of dominant characteristic B. Locus of recessive characteristic C. Lokcus of genotype D. Locus og gene

Diagram 23

YEAR 2008

1.

Blood group in humans is determined by three alleles, IA, IB and IO. What is the possible genotype for a person having a blood group B? I II A. B. IA IA IB IB I and II II and III III IV C. D. IB IO IA IB I and IV III and IV

2.

Which genetic disorder is caused by a sex-linked gene? A. B. Albinism Colour blindness C. D. Downs syndrome Sickle-cell anaemia

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Inheritance

Answer To Score

10

Jabatan Pelajaran Perak 2009