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# Rigid Pendulum marking scheme

## Please do not share with students!

Its now time to be more severe when marking. The main mistake is that they miscounted the number of oscillations. You can figure this out by looking at their minimum of T vs. h. Tmin should be around 1.55s. Then, the next probably error is plainly calculation errors. But dont try to spend too much time chasing their errors.

Sections
Purpose or theory missing Purpose or theory copied from the book Apparatus Observations -5% max for each. The theory should have at least the 1/t2 = equation used for the graph. -5% each -5% max. They dont need much, a rough schematic of almost anything is fine. -A table with at least 5 measurement of the centre of mass. (up to -10% if missing, -2% if units missing) A table with at least 10 different h (10 different holes), each one tried at least 3 times. (You can remove up to 5% if its confusing, 2% for units missing). The number of oscillations counted should also be noted (-5% if not). There should be a table (could be the same as above) with the average period for one oscillation (T) for each hole, with the statistical error calculated (they dont need to do the reading error/standard deviation test): (-10% if not there, up to -5% if confusing) =

The error on h should be constant: (-3%) 2xRE = 0.07cm Values should be around 1.5s at h=10-30cm and more than 4s when h<5cm.

Calculations

Comment on the minimum of T vs. h. If they did the actual derivation of the function and found that h=k is a minimum (Bonus point 1%). They could bypass this and simply say that the minimum of the function is at 0.29m, which is k. (-3% if they dont mention it.) Do not remove more than 25% in this section. Some students might have some calculations in other sections; thats fine, unless its confusing for you. They should provide an example of: -The standard deviation of Tav (-3%) =

## -The error on h: (-3%) h= 2xRE = 0.07cm -The error on T2h (-3%)

2 2 + 2 2 = 4 2 2

## -Calculation of the slope (could be on the graph itself) (-3%) 2 1 = 2 1

-Calculation of the error on the slope (-3%) (other techniques exist) = 2 2 -The correct calculation of g (-3%) 4 2 = -The error on g (-3%) = 4 2 2

## -Calculation of the intercept (-3%) =

-Calculation of the error on the intercept (-3%) = -Calculation of k, they have to use g found previously, not the accepted 9.8m/s2. (-3%) = 2 -Calculation of the error on k (-3%)
2

Graphs

Need a graph of T vs. h. (-10% max). - Title & Caption (-3%) - Axes title and units (-2% each axis)
-

+ = 4 4

Minimum of the function labeled (-2%) Error bars (-2%) (If too small, they should note it somewhere on the graph).

## Scale and neatness (at least a page) (-4% max)

Need a graph of T2h vs. h2. (-10% max). Title & Caption (-3%) Axes title and units (-2% each axis)

## Results Discussion My questions

Average point (-2%) A fitted line (-2%) - Error bars (-2%) (If too small, they should note it somewhere on the graph). - Slope min and max (-2%) Should at least have clear indication of the value of g g and k k. Right number of significant figures used. -5% max Give 10/10 for your 2-3 best discussions. Try to aim for an average of 8/10. 2% each 1) I personally prefer the rigid pendulum technique, it seems more reliable and more simple. But as long as they justify their answer with valid arguments (at least 2), its fine. 2) Both extend the same since k , m and g are the same in : mg = k(x-x0)

## Scale and neatness (at least a page) (-4% max)

Other
Cleanliness Loose sheet of paper No original data (signed data) Rarely -5% max, typically -0% -5% -10%

Typical Measurements
Results may vary a little bit (measured myself)
I got an ok value for g and a very good one for k. m b g K 4.1s2/m 33.5 s2m 9.67 m/s2 0.286m (theoretically should be 0.2886m)