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GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call) Highway Maryl and GSM Mobil es GSM

Mobil e Maryl and Loca t ion Area Be thesda Ce ll Maryl and GSM Equipment Maryl and Maryl and BSC MSC VLR

GSM GSM Common Equipment HLR GMSC

F ix e d Ne twork PSTN PSTN

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Other GSM Rockvill e Mobil e Ce ll

31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 1)

How does a GSM mobil e phone rece ive a ca ll? We have a lready seen tha t GSM mobil es keep the GSM ne twork informed about the ir current loca t ion area . The knowl edge of the loca t ion area is not adequa t e for se tt ing up a t ermina t ing ca ll as the loca t ion area might spawn severa l ce lls. In this ca ll f low we will look a t how a t ermina t ing ca ll is handl ed in GSM. Se tt ing up a t ermina t ing ca ll is a two st ep process. (1) Int erroga t ion procedure to loca t e the subscriber (2) Ac tua l ca ll se tup a ft er the subscriber has been loca t ed. http://www.EventHe lix. com/Rea l t imeMantra/Te l ecom/GSM_ne twork_exampl e .htm Copyright 2000-2004 EventHe lix. com Inc . All Rights Reserved. Int erroga t ion procedure ISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGEA PSTN subscriber ca lls the mobil e phone by di a ling the MSISDN GSM phone number (MSISDN). The PSTN will use the MSISDN to loca t e the GMSC (Ga t eway Mobil e Swi t ching Cent er) for the servi ce provider. Once the GMSC has been ident i f i ed, the PSTN sends the ISUP Ini t i a l Address Message to the GMSC. MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION The GMSC requests rout ing informa t ion for the GSM MSISDN subscriber from the HLR (Home Loca t ion Regist er). The HLR uses the di a l ed number Obt a in the SS7 address of the MSC VLR current ly to loca t e the HLR entry for the serving the spec i f i ed subs criber. The SS7 address for MSISDN the MSC VLR serving the subscriber is obt a ined from this record. (Reca ll tha t the SS7 address of the serving MSC VLR was upda t ed vi a an int er VLR loca t ion upda t e .) MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER The HLR has ident i f i ed tha t the subscriber is current ly be ing IMSI served by the Maryl and MSC VLR. The HLR then asks the MSC VLR to assign a t emporary roaming phone number to the subscriber. The Maryl and MSC VLR allocate a lloca t es a t emporary roaming MSRN phone number (MSRN -Mobil e St a t ion Roaming Number) MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER RESULT The MSRN is then passed to the HLR. MSRN MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION RESULT HLR passes the MSRN to the GMSC. MSRN ISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
MSRN free MSRN

The GMSC uses the MSRN to rout e the ca ll to the Maryl and MSC VLR. The Maryl and MSC VLR rece ives the ca ll . At this point , the MSRN is marked free and may be reassigned for other ca lls. (This

GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call) Highway Maryl and GSM Mobil es GSM Mobil e Maryl and Loca t ion Area Be thesda Ce ll Maryl and GSM Equipment Maryl and Maryl and BSC MSC VLR BSSMAP PAGING
TMSI

GSM GSM Common Equipment HLR GMSC

F ix e d Ne twork PSTN PSTN

EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5

Other GSM Rockvill e Mobil e Ce ll

31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 2)

RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3


TMSI

RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3


TMSI

RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH

is impl ement a t ion dependent .) Now the MSC VLR needs to loca t e the subscriber in the loca t ion area . Since the loca t ion area might spawn severa l ce lls, a paging mechanism is used to loca t e the subscriber. The MSC VLR uses a TMSI (Temporary Mobil e Subscriber Ident i fy) to address the mobil e phone . The TMSI is used so as to prot ec t the privacy of the ca ll ed subscriber. Not e tha t , the BSSMAP PAGING message will be sent to a ll the BSCs tha t handl e the Maryl and Loca t ion Area . The Maryl and BSC rece ives the page message . The BSC will send the Page message to a ll the ce lls tha t serve the subscriber's loca t ion area . All ce lls in the loca t ion area will broadcast the Page message on the Paging Channe l (PCH). All mobil e phones list en to this channe l every f ew seconds. The mobil e is loca t ed in the Be theda ce ll . It rece ives this page message . The mobil e f inds tha t the TMSI spec i f i ed in the page message ma t ches i ts own TMSI. The mobil e dec ides to respond to the page . An RR connec t ion est ablishment is ini t i a t ed by sending a channe l request to the ne twork .

RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH

RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH

The ne twork assigns a channe l to the t ermina l and sends the assignment and t ime/frequency correc t ions in the immedi a t e assignment message .

RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH

RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSE

The mobil e tunes to the assigned channe l and transmi ts the page response and the SABM to ini t i a t e the RR session. The BSC sends a SCCP connec t ion request to the MSC VLR. The page response message is piggy backed wi th the request .

RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSE SCCP CONNECTION REQUEST + RR PAGING RESPONSE

GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call) Highway Maryl and GSM Mobil es GSM Mobil e Maryl and Loca t ion Area Be thesda Ce ll Maryl and GSM Equipment Maryl and Maryl and BSC MSC VLR

GSM GSM Common Equipment HLR GMSC

F ix e d Ne twork PSTN PSTN

EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5

Other GSM Rockvill e Mobil e Ce ll

31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 3)

RR UA

The BSC acknowl edges the SABM to est ablish the RR connec t ion. Not e tha t UA messages are used in the ent ire session for acknowl edging packe ts. They will be omi tt ed here for c l ari ty.

RR UA Enabl e Ciphering BSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMMAND RR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND


mode = CLEAR

The MSC ini t i a t es c iphering of the da t a be ing sent on the channe l . The BSC sends the CIPHERING MODE COMMAND to the mobil e . Ciphering has a lready been enabl ed, so this message is transmi tt ed wi th c iphering. BSC repli es back to the MSC, indi ca t ing tha t c iphering has been successfully enabl ed.

RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE


mode = CIPHERED

BSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMPLETE Ca ll se tup CC SETUP CC CALL CONFIRMED Ring CC ALERTING

The MSC VLR rece ives the page response and sends a ca ll se tup to the mobil e . The mobil e acknowl edges the rece ipt of the se tup by sending the ca ll conf irmed message . Ring the subscriber. The mobil e not i f i es the MSC tha t the subscriber is be ing a l ert ed. ISUP ADDRESS COMPLETE MESSAGE The MSC rece ives the a l ert indi ca t ion and sends an ISUP address compl e t e message to the GMSC. ISUP ADDRESS COMPLETE MESSAGEThe GMSC sends the address compl e t e to the PSTN swi t ch. The subscriber answers the ca ll by hi tt ing the "OK" button. Not i fy the MSC tha t the subscriber has answered the ca ll . ISUP ANSWER ISUP ANSWER The ca ll has now ent ered the conversa t ion phase .

OK Button CC CONNECT

Conversa t ion phase Ca ll Re l ease LEG: Mobile initiates call release The mobil e subscriber hi ts End to c l ear the ca ll .

End Button

GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call) Highway Maryl and GSM Mobil es GSM Mobil e Maryl and Loca t ion Area Be thesda Ce ll Maryl and GSM Equipment Maryl and Maryl and BSC MSC VLR

GSM GSM Common Equipment HLR GMSC

F ix e d Ne twork PSTN PSTN

EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5

Other GSM Rockvill e Mobil e Ce ll

31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 4)

CC DISCONNECT ISUP RELEASE


SS7 Disconnec t Voi ce Pa th

The mobil e sends the disconnec t message to the MSC. The MSC ini t i a t es re l ease on the PSTN side . The MSC disconnec ts the voi ce pa th and a lso re l eases the voi ce c ircui t be tween the BSC and the MSC. The MSC informs the mobil e tha t i t has ini t i a t ed ca ll re l ease The MSC informs the PSTN tha t the ca ll re l ease has been compl e t ed. The PSTN informs tha t ca ll re l ease has been compl e t ed a t i ts end. Mobil e indi ca t es tha t the ca ll has been re l eased.

CC RELEASE ISUP RELEASED


SS7

ISUP RELEASE COMPLETE


SS7

CC RELEASE COMPLETE RR Connec t ion Re l ease BSSMAP CLEAR COMMAND RR CHANNEL RELEASE BSSMAP CLEAR COMPLETE RR DISC RR UA Ca ll Re l eased Indi ca t ion

Ca ll re l ease has been compl e t ed, now the RR connec t ion is re l eased by the MSC. The BSC ini t i a t es RR re l ease wi th the mobil e . The BSC informs the MSC tha t the RR connec t ion has been re l eased. The mobil e sends a disconnec t message to re l ease the LAPm connec t ion. The BSC repli es wi th an Unnumbered Acknowl edge message . Mobil e goes back to the de f aul t displ ay to indi ca t e tha t ca ll has been compl e t e ly re l eased.