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Roof Truss Span Tables

Alpine truss designs are


engineered to meet specific
span, configuration and load
conditions. The shapes and
spans shown here represent
only a fraction of the
millions of designs processed
by Alpine engineers.

Total load(PSF)
Duration factor
Live load(PSF)
Roof type

55
1.15

40 snow
shingle

47
1.15

30 snow
shingle

40
1.15

20 snow
shingle

55
1.15

2x4
2x4

2x6 2x6
2x4 2x6

2/12
2.5/12
3/12
3.5/12
4/12
5/12
6/12
7/12

24
29
34
39
41
44
46
47

24
29
34
39
43
52
60*
67*

33
39
46
53
59
67*
69*
70*

27
33
37
41
43
46
47
48*

27
33
39
44
49
58
67*
72*

37
45
53
61
64
69*
71*
72*

31
37
40
44
46
49
51
52*

31
38
44
50
56
66
74*
77*

43
52
60
65
69
74*
76*
77*

33
39
43
47
49
53
55
56*

33
40
46
52
57
66
74*
80*

46
55
64
70
74
80*
82*
83*

2/12
2.5/12
3/12
3.5/12
4/12
5/12

24
28
30
33
35
38*

24
29
33
37
41
47*

33
40
45
49*
52*
57*

25
29
31
34
36
39*

27
32
37
41
45*
51*

38
43
47
51*
54*
59*

27
31
34
36
39
42*

31
37
42
46
50*
56*

41
46
50
54*
58*
63*

29
33
36
39
42*
45*

32
37
42
46
49*
54*

44
49
54
58*
62*
68*

6/12 - 2/12
6/12 - 2.5/12
6/12 - 3/12
6/12 - 3.5/12
6/12 - 4/12

40
37
33
28
22

43
38
33
28
22

59*
52
45
38
31

42
38
35
32
26

49
44
38
32
26

62*
57*
52
44
36

45
41
38
34
30

56*
50
43
37
30

66
61*
56*
50
41

48
44
40
36
32

57*
52
46
39
32

71*
66*
60*
54
44

Pitch

Common -- Truss configurations for the


most widely designed roof shapes.

Mono -- Used where the roof is required to


slope only in one direction. Also in pairs
with their high ends abutting on
extremely long spans with a
support underneath
the high end.
Scissors -- Provides a cathedral or

vaulted ceiling. Most economical when the


difference in slope between the top and
bottom chords is at least 3/12 or the bottom
chord pitch is no more than half the top chord
pitch.

20 **
shingle
**construction
or rain,
not snow load

30 snow
tile
Top Chord
Bottom Chord

40
1.25

2x4 2x6 2x6


2x4 2x4 2x6

2x4 2x6 2x6


2x4 2x4 2x6

2x4 2x6 2x6


2x4 2x4 2x6

Spans in feet to out of bearing

Other pitch combinations available with these spans


For Example, a 5/12 - 2/12 combination has approx. the same allowable span as a 6/12 - 3/12

Flat -- The most economical flat truss for a


roof is provided when the depth of the truss in
inches is approximately equal to 7% of the
span in inches.

Total load(PSF)
Duration factor
Live load(PSF)

Top Chord
Bottom Chord

55
1.15

40 snow
2x4
2x4

2x6 2x6
2x4 2x6

23
25
27
29
32
33
34
36
39
40
44
45

24
27
28
30
32
33
34
36
39
42
47
51

Depth
16"
18"
20"
24"
28"
30"
32"
36"
42"
48"
60"
72"

47
1.15

30 snow
2x4 2x6 2x6
2x4 2x4 2x6

40
1.15

20 snow
2x4 2x6 2x6
2x4 2x4 2x6

40
1.25

20 rain or constn.
2x4 2x6 2x6
2x4 2x4 2x6

Spans in feet to out of bearing


25
28
30
33
36
38
39
42
45
49
55
60

25
27
28
31
34
35
36
39
41
43
46
48

25
27
28
31
33
35
36
38
41
44
49
54

25
29
32
35
39
40
42
45
48
52
58
64

25
29
31
34
37
38
39
42
44
46
48
51

25
29
30
33
36
37
39
41
44
47
53
57

25
29
33
38
42
44
45
48
52
56
63
68

25
29
32
35
38
40
41
43
45
46
49
51

25
29
31
34
37
39
40
43
46
49
55
59

25
29
33
40
44
45
47
50
54
58
65
69

= Span Limited by length to depth ratio of 24

NOTES: These overall spans are based on NDS


91 with 4" nominal bearing each end, 24" o.c.
spacing, a live load deflection limited to L/240
maximum and use lumber properties as follows:
2x4 fb =2000 psi ft=1100 psi E=1.8x106 2x6fb=1750
6
psi ft=950 psi fc=1900 psi E=1.8x10 . Allowable

Alpine Engineered Products

spans for 2x4 top chord trusses using sheathing


other than plywood (e.g. spaced sheathing or 1x
boards) may be reduced slightly. Trusses must
be designed for any special loading such as
concentrated loads from hanging partitions or air
conditioning units, and snow loads caused by

drifting near parapet or slide-off from higher roofs.


To achieve maximum indicated spans, trusses
may require six or more panels. Trusses with an
asterisk (*) that exceed 14' in height may be
shipped in two pieces. Contact your local Alpine
truss manufacturer or office for more information.

15

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