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WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION

Document No: Revision: Effective Dates:

TITLE: LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION (LPI)

1.0

PURPOSE
1.1 To establish a procedure to ensure that Liquid Penetrant Examination meets the minimum requirement of ASTM, ASME V and API standard.

2.0

SCOPE
2.1 This procedure describes methodology for magnetic particle examination methods which are presented and conformance with ASTM E-165. This inspection method meets the requirements of the ASTM as a minimum and is applicable to all inprocess and final inspection. 2.2 This procedure is suitable for use on non-ferromagnetic materials and ferromagnetic material.

3.0

PERSONNEL
3.1 All personnel performing examinations in accordance with this specification shall be qualified and certified in accordance with a written practice that complies with SNTTC-1A, or equivalent, latest revision. 3.2 Personnel performing specific calibrations and examinations to evaluate for acceptance or rejection in accordance with this specification and recording results shall be qualified and certified to at least in-house level l or equivalent. 3.3 Personnel interpreting and evaluating results of examinations with respect to applicable codes and standards shall be qualified and certified to at least level ll. 3.4 Records of certified personnel shall be maintained.

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION


Document No: Revision: Effective Dates:

4.0

PENERTANT MATERIALS
4.1 Intermixing of penetrant materials from different family groups, or manufactures are not permitted. 4.2 The approved penetrant materials are Penetrant (SKL-SP1), Remover (SKC-S) and Developer (SKD-S2). 4.3 NDE personnel shall review penetrant materials for compliance with this procedure prior to use.

5.0

APPROVED TECHNIQUES
5.1 solvent removable technique shall be used.

6.0

SURFACE PREPARATION
6.1 Surface condition and Cleaning 6.1.1 Surface preparations may be needed to obtain satisfactory result by grinding or machining may be necessary where surface irregularities could be mask indications due to discontinuities. However, it must be ensured that machning and grind shall not mask surface discontinuities by smearing. Surface preparations may not be required when surfaces are in as-welded, as-rolled, as-cast, as-machined or as-forged conditions. Prior to all Liquid penetrant examinations, the surface to be examined and all adjacent areas within 1inch (25 mm) shall be dry and free of all dirt, grease, lint, scale, welding flux, oil, and other extraneous material that could obscure surface openings or otherwise interfere with the examination. Cleaning may be accomplished using chemical methods. Cleaning materials and methods shall not produce results, which diminish the effective examination, evaluation and interpretation of the inspection.

6.1.2

6.1.3

6.1.4

6.2 Drying, After Cleaning

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION


Document No: 6.2.1 Revision: Effective Dates: After cleaning, drying of surface shall be a minimum of five (5) minutes to ensure that the cleaning solvent has evaporated prior to application of the penetrant. It must be ensured that the surface is completely dried.

7.0

TECHNIQUE REQUIREMENTS
7.1 As a standard technique, the temperature of the penetrant and the surface of the part to be processed shall be between 50 to 125 degrees F (10 to 52 degrees C) for visible penetrants. (please check with your penetrant manufacturer spec for precise definition and not use statement like as a standard)

8.0

PENETRANT APPLICATION
8.1 The penetrant may be applied by spraying in accordance with the manufacturers recommended practice. 8.2 Penetrant dwell time is critical. The minimum penetrant time shall be ten (10) minutes and the surface shall remain wet the entire time.

8.2.1 Penetrant dwell time shall be at least 20 minutes for finished products.
8.3 Penetrant shall be applied to the area being examined and all adjacent areas within at least inch, where applicable.

9.0

EXCESS PENETRANT REMOVAL


9.1 Cleaning may commence after the specified penetration dwell time has elapsed, any penetrant remaining on the surface shall be removed, and extra care shall be taken to minimize the removal not to remove penetrant from the discontinuities.

9.2 Excess solvent removable penetrants shall be removed by wiping with a light coloured lint free cloth or absorbent paper, repeating the operation until most traces of penetrant have been removed from the surface. The remaining traces shall be removed by lightly wiping the surface with lint free cloth or absorbent paper moistened with solvent. To minimize prevent removal of penetrant from discontinuities, care shall be taken to avoid the use of excess solvent.

10.0 DRYING

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION


Document No: Revision: Effective Dates: 10.1 Using solvent removable technique, the surfaces may be dried by blotting with clean lint free materials; hot or cold air blasts at 25 PSI maximum pressure, or by using circulating warm air, provided the temperature of the surface is not raised above the range section 7.0. After removal of solvent, the surface shall be allowed do dry for 30 seconds.

11.0 DEVELOPING
11.1 The developer shall be applied as soon as possible after excess penetrant is removed and the surface is dried. The developer is applied by first shaking the developer can. 11.2

The developer shall be sprayed from a distance away from the surface as recommended by manufacturer. The surface must be evenly coated with a light layer of developer.

11.3

12.0 EXAMINATION OF INDICATIONS 12.1 A minimum light intensity of 100fc on the surface being examined is required. 12.2 The time for final interpretation of surface dicontiuniuties range from 10 minutes to 1 hour. This time is calculated once the developer dries on the surface. 12.2 However, observation of indications must begin once the surface has dried. The progress of indications must be observed in order to ensure a precise determintation of the type of indication and the relevancy of the indications. 12.3 Definition of indications

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION


Document No: Non-relevant indication Relevant indication Linear indication Revision: Effective Dates: - Inherent indications not associated with a surface rupture. Indications with major dimension greater than 1/16 inch. Indications whose length is equal to or greater than three times the width. Indications which is circular or elliptical shape having a length equal to or less than three times its width.

Rounded indication -

Any questionable or doubtful indications shall be reexamined to determine whether or not they are relevant.

WORK INSTRUCTION FOR QUALITY CONTROL SECTION


Document No: Revision: Effective Dates:

13.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA


These acceptance standards shall apply unless other more restrictive standard are specified for specific materials, applications within this Division or specified in the engineering bill of material. 8.1 All surfaces to be free of: (a) (b) Relevant linear indications. Relevant rounded indications with major diameter equal to or greater than 3/16 in. (5mm). Four or more relevant rounded indications in a line separated by 1/16 in. (1.5mm) or less, edge to edge. No relevant indication in pressure-contact sealing surface.

(c)

(e)

8.2

Acceptance standards Appendix I API 6A, API 16A