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Ivo Andric - Biographical

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1961/andri...

Ivo Andric - Biographical


Ivo Andr ic was born in the village of Dolac, near Travnik, in 1892. After spending his youth in his native Bosnia, which was at the tim e part of the AustroHungarian Em pire, he studied philosophy at the Universities of Zagreb, Vienna, and Cracow. His studies were interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War, at the beginning of which he was jailed for his anti-Austrian activities. After receiving a doctorate in letters from the University of Graz in 1923, he entered the Yugoslav diplom atic service. The last diplom atic post he held was that of Yugoslav m inister in Berlin. When Germ any invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, Andric returned to Belgrade and lived there in seclusion throughout the Second World War. He has continued to reside in the Yugoslav capital. Andric started his literary career as a poet. In 1914 he was one of the contributors to Hrvatska m lada lirika (Young Croatian Lyrics). At the end of the war he published two books of lyrical prose - one of them entitled Nem iri (Anxieties), 1919 - which, written in the form of a diary, reflect Andric's experiences of the war and his im prisonm ent. There followed a long period in which Andric concentrated on the writing of short stories. His first novella, Put Alije Djerzeleza (The Trip of Alija Djerzelez), published in 1920, early m anifests a dom inant trait of his creative process. Andric takes his m aterial from the life of Bosnia, but through this local m aterial he presents universal hum an problem s. In the period between the two world wars Andric published three books of short stories under the sam e title, Pripovetke (Stories), 1924, 1931, 1936. During the Second World War, in the leisure im posed on him by the circum stances, Andric wrote his three large works, all of which were published in 1945: Na Drini cuprija (The Bridge on the Drina), Travnicka hronika (Bosnian Story), and Gospodjica (The Wom an from Sarajevo). The first two of these works - both of them chronicles rather than novels in the strict sense - deal, like m ost of Andric's work, with Bosnia and her history. The author describes the life of this region in which East and West have for centuries clashed with their interests and influences, a region whose population is com posed of different nationalities and religions. Andric is at his best when he lim its him self to his native Bosnia and her people. In Gospodjica and Nove pripovetke (New Stories), 1948, Andric presented present-day people and problem s. He dealt with the psychology of the wealthy, with the war and postwar periods, and with the form ation of a new society. But in Prokleta avilija (Devil's Yard), 1954, Andric returned to his favorite m ilieu and described the experiences of a Bosnian Franciscan, Fra Peter, who is put in an Istanbul jail, being wrongly accused of plotting against Ottom an rule. In 1960 Andric published another collection of stories, Lica (Faces). He has also written several essays, prom inent am ong which is Zapisi o Goji, (Notes on Goya), 1961.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967 , Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Com pany, Am sterdam , 1969 This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this docum ent, always state the source as shown above.

Ivo Andric died on March 13, 1975. 1 sur 2 29/06/2013 17:06

Ivo Andric - Biographical

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1961/andri...

Ivo Andric died on March 13, 1975.

Copyright The Nobel Foundation 1961

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29/06/2013 17:06