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ARRESTERS

PDV/PVR DISCONNECTOR
FUNDAMENTALS
hio Brass PDV (distribution) and PVR (riser pole) arresters are normally furnished with a disconnector (also called an isolator). The disconnector is incorporated within the housing of the insulating base bracket at the bottom stud area. All Ohio Brass arresters furnished with the finned insulating base bracket include the ground lead disconnector. The disconnector performs a vital service when a rare arrester failure occurs. Subsequent to arrester failure, the disconnector reacts to a rapid increase in 60 cycle current flow through the arrester. Voltage develops across a resistor in the disconnector assembly allowing it to sparkover a small gap. This causes the arc to terminate on a cartridge. As the cartridge detonates, it separates the ground lead from the failed arrester. As the circuit is broken, system lockout is prevented. If a shorted arrester would remain connected to the line, then it would not be possible to re-energize the line. The disconnector also serves as a time saving visual aid in identifying the failed arrester from replacment. Arresters in service are continuously energized with 60 Hz voltage. The disconnector must not operate under normal service conditions. Standards require the arrester to be tested with the disconnector installed thus requiring the discharge operation characteristics to be verified. Examples of tests performed with the disconnector installed are duty cycle, high current, low current-long duration and contamination. The time for operation of the disconnector is verified by subjecting the sample to be tested to rms currents ranging from 20 through 800 Amps. The time for the disconnector to operate is plotted as a function of current magnitude. The time current curve for our PDV/ PVR arrester is shown when tested per ANSI/IEEE C62.11-1993 tests.
TIME-CURRENT CHARACTERISTICS OF DISCONNECTORS PDV / PVR

Photographs show the pressure relief capability of the PDV/PVR family of surge arresters. Notice in the after photo the PDV/PVR disconnector has successfully operated isolating the arrester from the system. This allows the line to be put back in service and the arrester replaced at a more convenient time.

TiPS NEWS
View from Vol. 3 No. 1 JAN 1997

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NOTE: Because Hubbell has a policy of continuous product improvement, we reserve the right to change design and specifications without notice.

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