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(1 MARKS) Q1. Q2. Q3. The potential difference between two pints and is 1 volt. What does it mean?

In defining electric potential why infinity is taken as reference point? A charge +q is rotated in an electric field, in a circle of radius r, setup by another charge +Q. How much work is done in the process? At what points the electric potential of a dipole have? (i) Maximum Value (ii) Minimum value Write the relation between electric field and electric potential at appoint. What does the -vi sign mean? OR Write the relation between potential gradient and electric field. On the basis of this relation state the direction of electric field.

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Equipotential Surfaces are perpendicular to the field Lines. Why? If in a region of space, the electric potential has a constant high value then what will be the value of the electric field in this region, why? A test charge q0 is moved from A to B through two different paths in the electric field, as shown in figure. In which case work done is higher?

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What is an equipotential surface? Give an example. Two equipotential surfaces never intersect each other, why? How are electric field and equipotential surfaces related? How will the electrostatic potential energy vary if:(i) a negative charge q is moved from a point of higher a potential to the lower potential point. (ii) a positive charge q is moved from a point of lower potential to higher potential A point is located at a distance of one metre on the equatorial line of a dipole. What is the value of electric potential at the point due to the dipole? Which physical quantity has its SI unit V.m.? Write its dimensional formula. Name the physical quantity whose SI unit is joule/C. is it a scalar quantity or a vector quantity? Define capacitance of a capacitor. What is meant by 1 farad capacitance? Sketch a graph to show how the charge q acquired by a capacitor of capacitance C varies with increase in potential difference between the plates? Is electrostatic potential necessarily zero at the point where electric field strength is zero? Illustrate your answer. Page 1

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Can electric potential at any point in space be zero while intensity of electric field at that point is not zero? Can you say that earth is an equipotential surface? Is the electric potential positive or negative near an isolated positive charge? What is the net char4ge on a capacitor? A capacitor of capacitance C is charged to a potential V. What is the flux of the electric field through a closed surface enclosing the capacitor? Two metallic spheres, one hollow and other solid. Having same radii are changed to the same potential, which of the two will have more charge? To increase the potential energy, stored by a capacitor, four times, how its potential needs to be changed? Show graphically the variation of charge q with time when a capacitor is charged? How does the capacitance of a parallel place capacitor change when a conducting slab is inserted between its plates? Write the expression for dielectric constant in terms of capacitances. In a parallel plate capacitor the capacitance increases from to 80 between the plates. What is the dielectric constant of the medium? Where does the energy reside in a capacitor? What is the basic difference between a charged capacitor and an electric cell? A conductor consists of two ends, one end is the sharp pointed type and another is circular type arc. When it is kept in an electric field, at which end the charge density will be higher. In a Vam de Graff generator, it is suggested that the radius of the sphere should be large. Why? Can a Van de Graff generator accelerate neutrons? , on introducing a dielectric medium

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(2 MARKS)
Q1. Q2. Obtain an expression for the electric potential at a distance r from a point charge q. Derive an expression for electrostatic potential energy of a system of two charges q1 and q2 separated by a small distance r. What are equipotential surfaces? Write their four important properties. Draw equipotential surfaces for I. A positive point charge and II. Uniform electric field. Draw equipotential surfaces for two equal positive point charges separated by a small distance. Draw equipotential surface for two point charges +q and q, separated by a small distance. OR Draw equipotential surfaces for an electric dipole.

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Two charges 2 and are placed at points A and B 6 cm apart. (a) Identity an equipotential surface of the system (b) What is the direction of the electric field at every point on this surface? In the following figure, four equipotential surfaces are shown with their potentials. Which points have the electric field maximum and minimum out of three points A, B, C. Explain with reason. Obtain the relation between electric field and electric potential at a point. Why is the electric field zero inside a conductor when placed in an electric field? Show that the surface of a conductor is an equipotential surface. Find the formula for the capacitance of a spherical conductor of radius R. State the factors affecting the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor. What will be the change in the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor when area of each plate as well as the distance between them is doubled? Derive the expression for the equivalent capacitance of three capacitors C1, C2 and C3 connected IN parallel. Derive the expression for the equivalent capacitance of three capacitors C1, C2 and C3 connected in series. What is the work done by the field of a nucleus in a complete circular orbit of the electron? What if the orbit is elliptical?

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(3 MARKS)
Q1. Derive an expression for the electric potential at a point due to an electric dipole. On the basis of this expression show that the potential, at any point on the perpendicular bisector (equatorial line) of the dipole, is zero. Find the expression for electric potential at a point along the axial line of an electric dipole. Describe the shapes and positions of equipotential surfaces corresponding to (i) a single positive charge at a point, (ii) a constant electric field in the Z-direction (iii) an electric field what uniformly increases in magnitude, but remains in a constant direction (say Z-direction). Find the expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor having two identical plates each of area A and separated by a distance d, when the space between the plates is filled by a dielectric medium. Capacitors P, Q and R each have capacity C. A battery can charge the capacitor P to a potential difference V. If after charging P the battery is disconnected from it and the charged capacitor P is connected in following separated instances to Q and R. (i) to Q in parallel and (ii) to R in series, then what will be the potential difference between the plates of P in the two instances. Two dielectric slabs of dielectric constants K1, and K2 are filled in between the two plates of the parallel plate capacitor as shown in Fig. What will be the capacitance of the capacitor? In the following diagrams the area of each plate is A and the separation between

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the plates is d. What will the resultant capacitance in each case?

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In the following diagram, a metallic plate of thickness a is introduced between two plates (separated by distance d of a parallel capacitor. If area of each plate is A then what will the capacitance of the capacitor? If thickness a is negligible and this metallic plate is joined to the positive plate then what will be the capacitance of this capacitor now? In the following figures, four metallic plates each of area A and separated from each other by a distance d. In each case find the equivalent capacity (capacitance).

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What would be the work done in moving a point charge from corner A to B of a square ABCD; when a charge exists at the centre of the square?

(5 MARKS)
Q1. Fig (a) and (b) show the field lines of a positive and negative point charge respectively.

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The two plates of a parallel plate capacitor are charged to +Q and Q charges respectively, and isolated from all other objects. If a dielectric slab is introduced so as to fill the space between the plates, what happens to i) The charges on the plates, ii) Capacitance of the capacitor, iii) Potential difference between the plates, iv) Strength of the electric field between plates and v) Energy of the electrostatic field between the plates? Explain the principle of a capacitor. A parallel plate capacitor is charged to a potential difference V by source. The capacitor is then disconnected from the source. If the distance between the plates is doubled, state with reason, how the following will change: a) Electric field between the plates b) Capacitance and c) Energy stored in the capacitor. Draw electric field lines between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor with (i) air and (ii) dielectric as the medium. A parallel plate capacitor with air as dielectric is connected to a power supply and charged to a potential difference V0. After disconnecting from power supply, a sheet of insulating material is inserted between the plates completely filling the space between them. How will its (i) capacity, (ii) electric field and (iii) energy change? Given that the capacity of capacitor with air as medium is C0 and permittivities for air and medium are and respectively. What is meant by the capacitance of a capacitor. Give its SI unit. Prove that the total energy stored in a parallel plate capacitor is and hence derive the expression for the energy density in a capacitor. Page 4

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