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1 1. Diagram 1 shows the reading of the zero error of a micrometer screw gauge.


Diagram 1 What is the zero error of the micrometer screw gauge? A. B. C. D. 2. -0.03 mm -0.02 mm 0.02 mm 0.03 mm

Which of the following has the largest value? A. B. C. D. 102 cm 103 dm 103 mm 107 m


Diagram 2 shows a tape chart of a moving object.

Diagram 2 What is the acceleration of the object? A. B. C. D. 100 cm s-2 120 cm s-2 1000 cm s-2 1200 cm s-2

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Diagram 3 shows an investigation about the effect of force on the motion of objects. Trolleys of different masses are pushed by the same amount of force.

Diagram 3 Which of the following variables are correct? Manipulated variable A B C D 5. Mass Force exerted Acceleration Mass Responding variable Force exerted Mass Force exerted Acceleration Constant variable Acceleration Acceleration Mass Force exerted

Diagram 4 shows trolley P of mass 1.1 kg moving to the right with a velocity of 15ms -1. It collides head-on with a trolley of mass 1.0 kg which is initially at rest. The two trolleys stuck together after the collision.

Diagram 4 What is the velocity of the trolleys after the collision? A. B. C. D. 4.12 ms-1 5.93 ms-1 6.14 ms-1 7.86 ms-1

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Diagram 5 shows a box of mass 5 kg is pulled by a force of 100 N at the angle of 60 to the horizontal plane. The frictional force acting towards the box is 10 N.

Diagram 5 Calculate the acceleration of the box. A. B. C. D. 7. 5.0 ms-2 8.0 ms-2 10.0 ms-2 15.3 ms-2

Which situation shows that no work being done?

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Diagram 6 shows a picture is hanging on a wall. Three forces T1, T2 and W are acting on the picture.

Diagram 6 Which of the following vector diagrams represents the forces which act on the picture are in equilibrium?


The power of a device increases when it does A. B. C. D. less work in a short period of time less work in a long period of time more work in a short period of time more work in a long period of time

5 10. Diagram 7 shows an object at rest on a rough inclined plane.


Diagram 7 Which relationship is correct? A. B. C. D. 11. R = F cos R = W sin F = W cos F = W sin

Diagram 8 shows a book of weight 1.8 N resting on an inclined surface.

Diagram 8 What are the values of F1 and F2? F1 0.9 1.6 0.9 1.6 F2 1.6 0.9 0.9 1.6


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Diagram 9 shows a ball is thrown upwards achieved a maximum height before changing its direction and falls. At which position A, B, C or D does the ball have minimum kinetic energy?

Diagram 9 13. Diagram 10 shows a graph of stretching force, F against extension, x of spring R and S. Both springs are made of same material and have the same thickness.

Diagram 10 Which of the following statements about spring S and spring R is correct? A. B. C. D. Spring S has a smaller stiffness than spring R Spring S has a larger force constant, k than spring R Spring S has a smaller coil diameter than spring R Spring S has a greater diameter of wire of spring than spring R

7 14. The diagram 11 shows a simple mercury barometer. (The atmospheric pressure is 76 cm Hg)


Diagram 11 Space X is A B C D 15. a vacuum with a pressure of 0 cm Hg a vacuum with a pressure of 16 cm Hg consists of air with a pressure of 16 cm Hg consists of air with a pressure of 76 cm Hg

Diagram 12 shows a cylinder containing water.

Diagram 12 If the height of h is 0.8 m, Calculate the pressure at point P? [the density of the water = 1000 kg m-3] A. B. C. D. 10 000 Nm-2 12 000 Nm-2 11 500 Nm-2 12 500 Nm-2

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Diagram 13 shows a fish in sea water at depth, h. The water pressure, P is acting on the fish.

Diagram 13 Which graph shows the correct relationship between P and h?

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Diagram 14 shows a manometer that is used to determine the pressure of a gas supply.

Diagram 14 Which comparison is correct about P and Q? A. B. C. 18. P > Q P = Q P < Q

Diagram 15.1 and diagram 15.2 show a fisherman when he is at sea and in the river.

Diagram 15.1 Which of the following is TRUE? A. B. C. D.

Diagram 15.2

The buoyant force acting on Diagram 15.1 is more than in Diagram 15.2. The water level of boat Diagram 15.1 equal to that in Diagram 15.2 The physics principle that explains the above situations is Pascals Principle The volume of water displaced by the boat in Diagram 15.1 is less than in Diagram 15.2

10 19. Diagram 16 shows a rubber sucker is attached to a wall to hang a toy.


Diagram 16 The rubber sucker sticks to the wall because A. B. C. 20. the atmospheric pressure is equal to the pressure inside the rubber sucker the atmospheric pressure is less than the pressure inside the rubber sucker the atmospheric pressure is more than the pressure inside the rubber sucker

Diagram 17 shows the roof of a house being lifted during a storm.

Diagram 17 Which statement is correct to explain the phenomenon? A. B. C. D. Speed of air at Q is lower, causing lower air pressure Speed of air at Q is higher, causing higher air pressure Speed of air at P is higher, causing lower air pressure Speed of air at P is lower, causing lower air pressure

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The pressure, P of gas is inversely proportional to the volume, V when mass and temperature is kept constant. Which graph shows the correct relationship between P and V?


There is no rise in temperature when heat is supplied to change water to steam. Which of the following explains this observation? A. B. C. D. The heat is used to exert pressure on molecules. The heat is used to increase the vibrations of molecules. The heat is used to increase the kinetic energy of molecules. The heat is used to overcome the attractive forces between molecules.


The air pressure in a car tyre is increased after the car has travelled a long distance because A. B. C. the average velocity of the air molecules in the tyre has decreased. the temperature of the air in the tyre has increased the size of the air molecules in the tyre has increased.

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Diagram 18 shows a metal cylinder of mass 2 kg and specific heat capacity 1 200 J kg-1 C-1 is heated with a heater of power 1 kW.

Diagram 18 What is the rise in temperature of the cylinder if the heater is switched on for 2 minutes? A. B. C. D. 25. 2 C 5 C 20 C 50 C

Diagram 19 shows the condition of a sheet of paper when air is blown.

Diagram 19 The paper is lifted up because of A. B. C. atmospheric pressure weight of air displaced difference in air pressure

13 Diagram 20 shows a Bernoullis tube. Air is blown from left to right.



Diagram 20 Which of the following diagram shows the correct level of water in tube T, U, V and W?




Diagram 21 shows a hydraulic jack.

Diagram 21 Given force, F = 10 N and surface area piston R and piston S is equal to 2 cm 2 and 8 cm2 respectively. Calculate pressure exerted on piston S. A. B. C. D. 28. 0.20 Ncm-2 0.80 Ncm-2 1.25 Ncm-2 5.00 Ncm-2

Diagram 22 shows two ping pong balls move towards each other when air is blown between them.

Diagram 22 Which explains the above situations? A. B. C. D. 29. Pascals Principle Bernoullis Principle Archimedes Principle Newtons First law

Alcohol is used as a thermometric liquid at North pole because of its A. B. C. D. of its low density of its low freezing point of its high specific heat capacity of its ability to wet the glass tube

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Diagram 23 shows a mercury thermometer which has not been calibrated. The length of mercury column in the thermometer is 4 cm at 0 C and 60 cm at 100 C.

Diagram 23 When the thermometer is placed in hot water, the length of the mercury column is 35 cm. What is the temperature of hot water. A. B. C. D. 31. 35.0 C 46.4 C 66.7 C 70.0 C

On a hot, sunny day, the sand feels very hot compared to the sea water. Which concept is best to explain this occurrence? A. B. C. D. Thermal equilibrium Specific heat capacity Thermal conductivity Specific latent heat


Which of the following nuclides does not have same number of protons and neutrons? A. B. C. D.
4 2
9 4


12 6 16 8

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The scalding on the skin caused by steam is more serious than the scalding caused by boiling water because A. B. C. steam has a higher temperature than boiling water steam has a higher heat content than boiling water Specific latent heat of vaporization is higher than specific heat capacity of water


An electric kettle of power 2kW contains 0.25 kg of boiling water. What is the time taken for the boiled water to become fully steam? (The specific latent heat for steam = 2 x 106 J kg-1) A. B. C. D. 250 s 2500 s 25 000 s 250 000 s


Table 24 shows the half-life of four types of liquid isotopes which radiate gamma ray. Isotope P Q R S Table 24 Which liquid isotope is suitable to detect blood clotting? A. B. C. D. P Q R S Half-life 10 seconds 2 hours 5 months 10 years

17 36. Diagram 25 shows an image formed by a plane mirror.


Diagram 25 What are the characteristics of the image? A. B. C. D. 37. Real, inerted, magnified Virtual, inverted, diminished Real, upright, laterally inverted Virtual, upright, laterally inverted

The diagram 26 shows an object placed in front of a convex mirror. R


object T


Diagram 26 Which ray is the correct reflected ray? A B C D R S T U

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Diagram 27 shows an object placed infront of a concave mirror. The distance of the object is less than the focal length, f of the mirror.

Diagram 27 What are the characteristics of the image formed? A. B. C. D. Real, upright, bigger than object Real, inverted, smaller than object Virtual, upright, bigger than object Virtual, inverted, smaller than object


Diagram 28(a) shows a ray of light propagates from medium Q to medium P. Diagram 28(b) shows a ray of light propagates fro medium R to medium P.

Diagram 28 (a)

Diagram 28(b)

Arrange the optical density of the mediums, in ascending order. A. B. C. D. Q, P, R P, Q, R Q, R, P R, P, Q

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Diagram 29 shows a graph of nucleon number, A against proton number, Z for the decay of the nucleus of uranium-238 to radium-226.

Diagram 29 How many alpha and beta particles are emitted during the decaying process? A. B. C. D. 3 alpha particles, 1 beta particle 3 alpha particles, 2 beta particles 1 alpha particle, 3 beta particles 2 alpha particles, 3 beta particles