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REVISION- 3 rd Term BIOLOGY PART A

1. In the food relationship where the lion eats the wild beest, and the wild beest eats plants A. The lion is the prey and the wildebeest is the predator B. The lion is the predator and the wildebeest is the prey C. The lion is the primary consumer and the wildebeest is the secondary consumer D. The lion is the secondary consumer and the wildebeest is the primary consumer A and C only B and C only A and D only B and D only

2. If there is a shortage of wildebeest in the area, what are some things the lions might do? A. move to another area to hunt for food B. eat the bark and roots of trees C. hunt for other animals C only A and C only C and B only A and B only

3. Animals that feed on both plants and animals are called carnivores herbivores detritivores omnivores

4. There are more herbivores than carnivores in a food chain because A. much energy is lost in the transfer of energy from herbivores to carnivores B. a larger number of herbivores is needed to support a smaller number of carnivores C. this is the way for the food chain to stay in equilibrium A only A and B only B and C only All of the above

5. Over a period of time, the number of wildebeest drops. Which of the following statements could explain the drop in the wildebeest population? A. A drought occurred B. An increase in the lion population C. The death rate of the wildebeest was lower than the birth rate D. An increase in the number of predators A and B only A, B and C only B and C only A, B and D only

6. When a population of animal 'X' was introduced into the community, the number of lions increased while the number of wildebeest decreased. Animal 'X' could be a herbivore e.g., zebra carnivore that is a predator of wildebeest and lions carnivore that is a predator of wildebeest but a prey of the lions

PART B

1. Draw the structure of the pathway of water movement from the soil to the stem 2. Differentiate between diffusion, osmosis and active transport with an example for each. 3. Describe the methods by which carnivorous plants are adapted to their function (illustrate as well) 4. Draw a food chain that shows how a mouse, an owl and grass are connected. Explain how plants get their food..Name two animals that are omnivores. Give an example of a plant and an animal that each one might eat.There are fewer animals in a desert than a rainforest. Why? 5. Dinosaurs like the Tyrannosaurus rex have been extinct for millions of years. Even though they have never seen a living Tyrannosaurus, scientists who have studied dinosaur fossils are certain that the Tyrannosaurus rex was a carnivore. Explain how they could they know this. Give an example of when two different species might compete for the same prey. PART C
1. What travels through a food chain or web? 2. What is the ultimate energy for all life on Earth? 3. Food chains start with what? 4. The 1st organism in a food chain must always be what type of organism? 5. Name 2 food making processes. 6. Where do chemosynthetic bacteria get their energy? 7. Define herbivore. 8. Herbivores are also called _________________________. 9. What are animals called that feed on herbivores? 10. Secondary consumers are eaten by larger ________________.

11. _________________ consumers eat secondary consumers. 12. Make a food chain with a producer and 3 consumers.

1. What is used to indicate the flow of energy in a food chain or web? 2. What happens to energy as we move from step to step in a chain or web? 3. Define food web. 4. What is meant by trophic levels? 5. Define autotroph. 6. The 1st trophic level consists of _______________ consumers called _________________. 7. Name the 2nd trophic level (both names). 8. Secondary consumers may be _______________ eating meat or _______________ that eat both plants and animals. 9. What is the 3rd trophic level called? 10. What is the 4th trophic level called? 11. At the 5th trophic level would be _____________ consumers that eat _____________ consumers. 12. Give an example of 3 detrivores. On what do they feed?

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