You are on page 1of 5

# "SECTPROP" --- SECTION PROPERTIES ANALYSIS PROGRAM

Program Description:
"SECTPROP" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of calculating section properties. Two methods of input data are provided, either by adding of deleting "shapes" or by defining a polygon by a series of "points". Specifically, the centroid location and total area are determined, as well as the centroidal and principal axes moments of inertia, radii of gyration, and rotation angle. This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Shapes Points Stress

Description
This documentation sheet Section properties analysis using shapes to model section Section properties analysis using up to 50 points to model section Stress analysis for symmetric and unsymmetric sections

## Program Assumptions and Limitations:

1. This program will calculate the centroid location, total cross-sectional area, moments of inertia, and radii of gyration for the centroidal axes and the principal axes if applicable. The value of the rotation angle between the centroidal and principal axes is also calculated. 2. Units are any consistent set of units the user desires. 3. In the case of both calculation worksheets, the user should make sure to either clear the contents of all spreadsheet cells that are not used for input or those cell values should be input = 0. 4. Using the Shapes worksheet, the origin X-axis MUST BE located at the lowest (bottom) point of the total section. The overall height of the total section (in Y-direction) MUST BE correctly input as well. 5. In using the Shapes worksheet, the origin Y-axis MUST BE located at the left most point of the total section. The overall width of the total section (in X-direction) MUST BE correctly input as well. 6. Using the Shapes worksheet, there is input for the number of rectangles, circles, cylinders, and symmetrical shapes with known properties to be either added and/or deleted in order to model a particular section. For rectangles, circles, and cylinders, there is input for applicable dimensions as well as the location of the centroid from the assumed origin axes. For shapes with "known" properties, there is input for the self area, self moments of inertia, and location of the centroid from the assumed origin axes. 7. Using the Shapes worksheet, any "known" shapes that are input should usually be at least singularly symmetric (Ixy=0), except for the special case where the entire section to be modeled is at least singularly symmetric. For example, a "known" angle shape should be modeled as two rectangles, unless there is a "matching" angle to create overall symmetry about at least one axis. 8. Using the Shapes worksheet, when a total section is made up of ONLY rectangles, an approximate value of the torsional constant, 'J', is displayed at the bottom of the worksheet (cells A51 and B51) under the composite section properties calculations. (Note: cells A48, A49, B48, and B49 are "unlocked" so that the resulting value of 'J' may be manually typed in for print out if desired.) 9. Using the Points worksheet, the modeled section can be any polygon defined by up to 50 connectable points, each with its own set of X,Y coordinates (3 points are a minimum). The number of points is the actual total number of different points required to define the polygon. While it is NOT required to redefine the start point to "define" the polygon (as the program will automatically "close" the polygon after the end point has been

defined), in some cases it may be required to re-enter the coordinates of starting Point #1 directtly after
the last defined point coordinates, so that the plot of the section will appear "closed". 10. Using the Points worksheet, coordinates of each point are input, proceeding in a CLOCKWISE direction for (positive) area to be added, and then in a COUNTER-CLOCKWISE direction for (negative) area to be deleted.

## (See "Nomenclature" illustration for example.)

11. Using the Points worksheet, the origin MUST BE located so that the entire section is in the positive quadrant.

Negative coordinates ARE NOT acceptable. 12. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

## SECTION PROPERTIES ANALYSIS

Using "Shapes" to Model Section Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Overall Height, Yt = Overall Width, Xt = No. of Known Shapes = Data: Shape #1 A = 14.7000 Ix = 394.00 Iy = 56.30 xc = 4.0400 yc = 6.5950 Add? Y/N Y No. of Rectangles = Data: Rect. #1 Length, Lx = 7.0000 Length, Ly = 0.5000 xc = 4.0400 yc = 0.2500 Add? Y/N Y Number of Circles = Data: Dia., D = xc = yc = Add? Y/N Number of Cylinders = Data: O.D. = I.D. = xc = yc = Add? Y/N Results: Centroid Location and Area: Xc(left) = 4.040 Xc(right) = 4.040 Yc(top) = 6.595 Yc(bot) = 6.595 A = 21.700 Centroidal Axes Properties: Ix = 675.96 Sx(top) = 102.50 Sx(bot) = 102.50 Iy = 84.88 Sy(left) = 21.01 Sy(right) = 21.01 Ixy = 0.000 rx = 5.581 ry = 1.978 Principal Axes Properties: Ix' = 675.96 Iy' = 84.88 Ixy' = 0.000 rx' = 5.581 ry' = 1.978 q= 0.000 13.1900 (measured up from Global X-axis) 8.0800 (measured to right from Global Y-axis) 1 Subject: Originator:

Checker:

## 2 Rect. #2 7.0000 0.5000 4.0400 12.9400 Y 0

+Y +Y

Xt
RECTANGLE CYLINDER

Yt

Yt

SHAPE CIRCLE

+X +X

+Z +Z

Nomenclature NOMENCLATURE

3 of 5

7/10/2013 11:10 AM

## SECTION PROPERTIES ANALYSIS

Using up to 50 "Points" to Model Section Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Number of Points = Coordinates: #1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: Xo 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.250 3.000 3.000 0.000 6
7.0

Subject: Originator:

Checker:

SECTION PLOT

Xo

Yo
6.0

5.0

Y - AXIS

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

## 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0

X - AXIS

+Y
3 10 9 4

11 2

12 7

8 5

Results:

Note: For plot of section to be "closed", it may be required to re-input the Point #1 coord's. (0,0) directly after last of 6. Centroidal Axes Properties: Ix = 1.24 Iy = 1.24 Ixy = -0.74 rx = 0.930 ry = 0.930

1 6 +X

Nomenclature Principal Axes Properties: Ix' = 1.98 Iy' = 0.50 Ixy' = 0.00 rx' = 1.175 ry' = 0.592 q = 45.000

## Centroid Location and Area: Xc = 0.842 Yc = 0.842 A= 1.438

4 of 5

7/10/2013 11:10 AM

## "SECTPROP.xls" Program Version 2.3

STRESS ANALYSIS
For Symmetric and Unsymmetric Sections Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Section Properties: A= 1.44 Ix = 1.24 Iy = 1.24 Ixy = -0.74 Subject: Originator:

Checker:

+Y

+My x

## kips ft-kips ft-kips

Centroid

y +X +Mx

Location of Point to Investigate: Distance x = 2.1580 in. (from centroidal Y-axis) Distance y = -0.8420 in. (from centroidal X-axis)

+Z

"SYMMETRIC" SECTION

Results: *Stress at designated point with coordinates of x,y: s = 19.48 ksi (compression)

+Y

Y'
-x

+My

X'

0 Centroid -y +X +Mx

+Z

"UNSYMMETRIC" SECTION

## Note: Moments Mx and My are positive per "Right-Hand-Rule"

*Note: General formula for stress (s) at a designated point with coordinates of x,y is as follows: s = (-Pz/A)+(x*(My*Ix-Mx*Ixy)/(Ix*Iy-Ixy^2))+(y*(-Mx*Iy-My*Ixy)/(Ix*Iy-Ixy^2))

5 of 5

7/10/2013 11:10 AM