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2004
10
ii
PREFACE
A text book is to be considered primarily as a learning material for the students.
This book has been designed strictly in accordance with the new revised syllabus
prescribed by the Directorate of Text books, D.S.E.R.T., Government of Karnataka
and by following the guidelines suggested in the revised syllabus.
This syllabus gives more importance to logical reasoning and thinking in learning
mathematics. This is arranged in a concentric manner.
Each chapter contains detailed presentation of concepts and generalisation. Each
topic has been explained with a number of worked examples and wherever necessary
the topics have been supplemented with clear explanatory diagrams to give the students
a clear understanding of the topic. Each chapter has been provided with sufficient number
of exercises in the end with the aim to give the students a thorough revision of each
chapter.
Inculcation of desirable values and positive atitudes is one of the major objectives
to be realised through teaching and learning processes.
All attempts have been made to reflect the learner - centered and activity oriented
approach to the curriculum transaction in the presentation of the contents of this revised
text book. A number of learning activities are suggested for students to understand the
mathematical ideas and develop problem - solving skills.
Special attention has been paid to present the subject matter in a brief and precise
manner keeping an eye on the basic concepts, ideas and facts in the present text book.
Special stress has been laid on the simplicity of language in all its explanations.
I sincerely hope that this book will support the teachers to face the challenge
of teaching mathematics for tenth standard students and help students to learn mathematics
in a more meaningful and useful manner.
I am grateful to each and everyone who have contributed for the preparation of
this text book.
Any suggestion for improving this book further will be gratefully acknowledged
and incorporated.
DR. A.D. GOURI SHANKAR
Chairman
iii
TEXT BOOK COMMITTEE
CHAIRMAN
1) DR. A.D. GOURI SHANKAR
Regional Joint Director of Collegiate Education,
Regional Office, Gulbarga - 585101
MEMBERS
2) A.B. METI 3) S.M. GOPALAKRISHNA
HOD Mathematics Department, Lecturer, S.V.P.U. College,
M.G.V.V. college, Muddebihal Gangolli (Kundapur Tq.)
4) D.R. RANGANATHAIAH 5) K.S. SUSHEELA
Headmaster, Sri Siddartha High School, Retd Asst. Mistress, St. Theresa High School,
Chikkamandiganahalli (Hassan Dt.) Chamarajpet, Bangalore
6) N.V. RAMESH 7) M.V. NAGARAJARAO
Retd. Headmaster, Govt. High School, Retd. Asst. master, Govt High School
Thirthahalli (Shimoga Dt.) Mysore
8) C. NIRMALA 9) M.R. SHANKARNARAYANA RAO
Headmistress, Asst. Master,
M.A.B.L. High School Sri Sharadha Girls High School,
Doddaballapur (Bangalore Rural Dt.) Shidlaghatta (Chickballapur Tq.)
SCRUTINISERS
10) VENKATARAM. A. 11) ANANDALAKSHMI
Retd. Lecturer, Asst. mistress, Acharya Patashala Girls
DIET, Hassan High School, N.R. colony, Bangalore
ARTIST CO-ORDINATOR
12) G.M. JANGI 13) M.R. KAMAKSHI
Drawing teacher, Govt. High School, Senior Asst. Director,
Sultanpet, Bangalore DTB, Bangalore
SUGGESTION AND GUIDANCE
1. SMT. P. SHARADHAMMA 2. SMT. T. BALASARASWATHI
Joint Director, DDPI
DSERT, Bangalore Directorate of Text Books, Bangalore
TRANSLATION COMMITTEE
1. SRI. V. PAPPANA GOWDA 2. SRI. R. RAMACHANDRA SEETY
Assistant Master Assistant Master
S.G.V.R High School S.G.V.R High School
Vidya Nagar, Gangavathi (Koppal Dt.) Vidya Nagar, Gangavathi (Koppal Dt.)
3. SRI. M. VIJAYA KURAR 4. SRI. SURE SUBBA RAO
Assistant Master Assistant Master
Govt. Composite PU College United Andhra Association High School
T.B. Dam. (Bellary Dt.) Gadag Road, Hubli
iv
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