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GLYCOL DEHYDRATION UNIT

Removes Water Vapor from Natural Gas


Key Benefits
Reliability  Lower loss of lean glycol with greater exchange area in the glycol/gas exchanger to ensure a lower approach temperature to the top tray  Reduction in fuel cost by using flash gas separator to capture gas to fuel reboiler  Protection from scale, sludge, and sediment with replaceable filter elements  Longer pump life due to better filtration and a properly sized heat exchanger Efficiency  Extend the life of the fire tube with lower BTU flux rate  Reduce air emissions with BTEX option with recovery of pump gas used as fuel for the reboiler  On larger units a more efficient combination vane/wire mesh mist extractor Flexibility  Better suited for ever-changing field conditions by not using heat exchanger duty in capacity rating  Reduced diameter and weight with structured packed tower with 10:1 turndown and 10 tray equivalent capacity  High hat tray capacity can take the full capacity of glycol in the tower during shut down Complete glycol dehydration unit with regenerator and tower

OVERVIEW
The Exterran Production SolutionsTM Glycol Dehydration Unit is a complete water vapor removal system used on natural gas well streams to meet typical pipeline and process specifications. Exterrans unit provides you with reliability, efficiency and flexibility in a single package and a wide range of options to meet your needs.

HOW IT WORKS
Wet gas enters the integral scrubber at the bottom of the absorber tower. The gas ascends through a mist extractor where fine liquid particles are coalesced and removed. As the gas rises through the absorber towers packing or bubble cap trays, lean glycol (water removed through regeneration process) continually pumped to the top of the tower, is distributed and descends while absorbing the water vapor from the gas. Dry gas exits the top of the absorber tower and passes through the glycol/gas heat exchanger to the gas outlet. The rich glycol (wet with absorbed glycol) collects in the hat tray at the bottom of the tower and flows to the power side of the glycol pump. From the pump, the rich glycol flows through the reflux coil and then to the glycol/glycol heat exchanger where it is heated and passed to the flash gas separator. The flash gas separator separates gas and entrained hydrocarbons from the glycol. The gas then flows to the fuel gas scrubber and the lean glycol flows through a filter and into the reboiler. As the reboiler drives off water vapor through the still column, the hot, reconcentrated glycol flows from the reboiler to the sparger box to remove additional water vapor. The lean glycol flows to the storage compartment and then to the glycol/glycol heat exchanger for cooling. The cooled, lean glycol then flows through a glycol sock filter before passing to the glycol pump. Lean glycol and gas from the absorber together power the glycol pump, which pumps the glycol through a glycol/gas heat exchanger to minimize glycol loss and then to the absorber tower to continue the dehydration process cycle.

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GLYCOL REGENERATOR
The glycol regenerator is an integral part of Exterrans dehydration unit consisting mainly of a reboiler and still column. It is used to regenerate glycol by removing water vapor. Regenerator lean glycol is used to dry natural gas. Exterran manufactures a wide selection of regenerators with BTU ratings from 125,000 MBTU/Hr to 2.5 MMBTU/Hr.

Glycol Regenerator Standard Features


 Designed for ethylene and triethylene glycol (EG/TEG)  Energy-saving shell insulation with aluminum jacket Removable fire tube and stack Thermostat with thermowell 50-550 F thermometer with thermowell  High reboiler temperature fuel gas shut-off with manual reset

Regenerator with still column

Fuel gas regulator, scrubber and pressure gauges Flame arrestor with burner and pilot assembly Integral insulated storage compartment Liquid level gauge assembly  Glycol sock filter with initial elements  High-pressure glycol strainer External glycol/glycol heat exchanger Pump bleeder valves  Energy exchange glycol pump (electric on 2 MMBTU/Hr unit and larger) Heavy-duty welded structural steel skid with lifting lugs and pull bars  Packed still column with reflux coil (all units larger than 125 MBTU/Hr)  Complete piping for skid hookup, including absorber and reboiler isolating valves for units up to 500 MBTU/Hr  Environmentally sound bent tubing and socket weld glycol piping and valves for one inch and larger pipe sizes to prevent leaking

Regenerator Specifications
Firetube Rating (MBTU/Hr) 125 200 300 500 750 1000 1500 2000 2500 Glycol Recharge (Gallons) 54 103 225 304 628 857 1529 2140 2640 Nominal Glycol Recirculation Reboiler Size (Gal/Hr) OD (inches) x Length (feet) 40 90 180 250 400 500 900 1440 1780 20 x 6 20 x 9 24 x 10 36 x 10 36 x 15 42 x 17 48 x 22.5 60 x 28 60 x 35.25 Skid Size Width x Length (feet) 3 x 10 3 x 14 5 x 19 5 x 19 6 x 28 6.4 x 29 10.5 x 30 12 x 38.5 12 x 40

See the Options Checklist on the last page for available options.

ABSORBER TOWER
The absorber tower is another key component of Exterrans dehydration unit. The tower is a pressure vessel with an integral scrubber and an absorber section. The scrubber removes free liquids from the gas and the absorber section is used to contact the gas with glycol to remove remaining water vapor. Absorbers contain either bubble cap trays or stainless steel structured packing for glycol/ gas contact.

Standard Features
Absorber (Both Types) Glycol distributor 1440 psig design pressure Stainless steel mist extractor External glycol/gas heat exchanger 0-200 F dial thermometer with thermowell Pressure gauge with isolating valve Pneumatic liquid level controller Thermal relief valve Drain valve Dump valve Reflex gauge glass assembly with gauge cocks Lifting lugs Trayed Absorber 8 bubble cap trays 5:1 turndown Diameter sizes from 16 to 72 inches Random Packed Absorber 7:1 turndown 8 tray capacity equivalence Diameter sizes from 6 to 16 inches Structured Packed Absorber Hotter gas handling capability 10:1 turndown 10 tray capacity equivalence Diameter sizes from 24 to 60 inches

Trayed absorber tower

Packed absorber tower

Trayed Absorber Specifications


Diameter (inches) ID OD 16 20 24 30 36 42 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 Gas Capacity (MMscfd) at Flow Pressure (psig) 400 3.1 4.6 6.8 14.3 16.8 23.4 20.1 25.5 34.4 43.6 53 61.1 77.4 600 3.7 5.8 8.2 17.5 20.6 28.7 24.6 31.2 42.1 53.5 65.3 79.5 93.8 800 4.1 6.6 9.5 20.6 24 33.5 28.6 36.4 49.2 62.2 76 93 110.1 1000 4.6 7.2 10.4 23.2 26.9 37.7 32.4 41 55.4 70.1 86.1 98.6 124.9 1200 5 7.9 11.3 25.5 29.9 42.5 35.7 45.8 61 77.7 96 108.4 137.6 250-X Structured Packing ID Random Pall Ring Packing OD

Packed Absorber Specifications


Diameter (inches) 6 8 10 12 16 24 36 42 48 60 Gas Capacity (MMscfd) at Flow Pressure (psig) 400 0.5 1 1.5 2.1 3.6 20 43 61 78 115 600 0.7 1.2 1.9 2.7 4.3 24.5 54 74 95 145 800 0.9 1.4 2.2 3.1 4.8 28.5 62 87 112 174 1000 0.9 4.6 2.5 3.6 5.3 31.5 70 97 125 190 1200 1 1.8 2.8 4 5.8 34.5 78 106.5 139 205

See the Options Checklist on the last page for available options.

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19ft

GLYCOL REGENERATOR and ABSORBER TOWER


Sizing and Options Form
Contact your local Exterran representative to submit sizing and options.

DIMENSIONS
Top View Side View

29ft

7ft 7in

19ft

19ft

Dimensions shown here are for 500 MBTU/Hr unit, are approximate, and may vary. Precise measurements for freight should be confirmed prior to shipping.

General Options Checklist


o Burner safety low (BSL) for 125-500 MBTU/Hr unit o Solar panels to power burner safety low detector o Programmable logic controller (PLC) system o Burner management system 29ft o LSL/LSH connections o Adherence to API 14C recommended practices

Standard Available Services


o Full setup service o Glycol regeneration service o Complete glycol unit cleaning service o Trailer-mounted reclaiming service o Easy field cleaning service

Regenerator Options Checklist


o Stack arrestor and down-draft diverter o Environmental drip pan o Pilot flame-out safety shut-down with manual reset 19ft o Spare glycol pump and manifold for standby service o Alternate gas or electric standby pump on 500 MBTU/Hr and smaller units o Glycol pump shut-down o Glycol charcoal filter on 125 and 300 MBTU/Hr (standard on larger units) o Glycol metering o Gas metering for sparger box o Special paints and coatings

Absorber and Regenerator Sizing Requirements


Rate (MMscfd) Pressure (psig) Temperature (F) Specific Gravity Yes / No

Gas Flow

Sour Gas

CO2 (mol%) H2S (ppm)

Outlet Water Content lb/MMscfd Skid Mounted Setup Assembly Standard Paint BTEX Option
Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No

Absorber Options Checklist


o Additional packing or bubble cap trays o Skid mounting o Environmental drip pan

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Corporate Office 16666 Northchase Drive Houston, TX 77060

This brochure is intended for general information purposes only and is not intended as a representation or warranty of any kind, or as a statement of any terms or conditions of sale. The information herein is believed to be correct, but is not warranted for correctness or completeness, or for applicability to any particular customer or situation. Copyright 2012 Exterran Holdings, Inc. All rights reserved.
GLYCOL-PDS-08-04-EN-DE12-US