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LFB 1010 FRENCH FOR BEGINNERS

Lecture notes by Nolwenn Jarnoux (MMU Melaka) Lecturer: Julien Pierre


Email : julienpierre@mmu.edu.my Office : FCM ER3043

Index

Getting started! ......................................................page 3


Lalphabet La prononciation

Annexe : les articles................................................. page 4 Les salutations ........................................................page 5


Hellos and goodbyes How are you ? Miscellaneous

Se prsenter (1) ......................................................page 7


Le nom La nationalit, ladresse

Annexe : Les nationalits et les pays ......................page 8 Les verbes irrguliers (1) ........................................page 10 Les nombres ...........................................................page 12 Les dates ................................................................page 14 Lheure ................................................................... page 16 Se prsenter (2) ......................................................page 18
Lge, la date de naissance et lanniversaire La profession

Prsenter quelquun ..............................................page 22 Les couleurs ............................................................page 24 Dcrire quelquun (1) : Le visage .............................page 26 Dcrire quelquun (2) .............................................. page 28 Annexe : les adjectifs ..............................................page 30 Les verbes rguliers : -ER ........................................page 32 La famille ................................................................page 35 la maison .............................................................page 39 Dans la ville ............................................................page 41 Les verbes irrguliers (2) .........................................page 43 Les activits ............................................................page 45 Annexe: La ngation ............................................... page 48

Getting started!
Lalphabet
A A H E E R I E E H M E M Q C O O U O O H Y E E H G R E C B B A Y F E F F J J E E H N E N R A I R V V A Y Z Z E D C S A Y G J A Y K C A R O O H S E S S W D O O B L E R V A Y D D A Y H A S H L E L P P A Y T T A Y X I X

La prononciation
Letter/ Lettre A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pronunciation/ Prononciation [ah] [bay] [say] [day] [er] [eff] [jay] [ash] [eeh] [jeeh] [car] [el] [em] [en] [oh] [pay] [coo] [air] [ess] [tay] [ooh] [vay] [doobler vay] [ix] [eeh grec] [zed] Example/ Exemple Un avion Un bb Un cadeau / une cerise Un docteur Une fentre Une fleur Un gnral/ un gateau Un hpital Une le Un jouet Un kangourou Un lapin Une maison Une nuit Une oreille Un professeur Une quantit Un rsum Un sac Une table Une usine Une voiture Un week-end Un xylophone Un yaourt Un zoo a plane a baby a gift/ a cherry a doctor a window a flower a general/ a cake an hospital an island a toy a kangaroo a rabbit a house a night an ear a teacher a quantity a summary a bag a table a factory a car a week-end a xylophone a yoghourt a zoo

Annexe : Les articles As you can see in the table from the previous page, each word is preceded by an article: un or une. Now, both of these words have the same translation in English: a. How can one word in English have two different translations to French? Well, here it is. In French language, each and every object has a gender; that is to say Be careful to learn your that everything is either masculine or feminine, male or female, neutral words do not vocabulary with the exist. And most of the time this gender cannot change. If a word is masculine, it will appropriate article so always be masculine; you cannot change the gender to your convenience. that you know if a There is no easy way for you to know if a word is either masculine or feminine, the only word is masculine or way you have to know the gender is by looking at the article of a word. The article is the feminine! short word that comes before the object (in English: a, the, this, my, your...). In French, the article will be different for masculine and feminine objects: UN marks the masculine for the word that follows UNE marks the feminine for the word that follows But both of them are translated by a in English. For example: a table is feminine in French and will always be: une table a restaurant is masculine in French and will always be: un restaurant then, the table becomes la table the restaurant becomes le restaurant That is why, when you learn the vocabulary, it is very important that you also learn the article linked to it, so that you will know what gender it is. Now, coming to the plural of things. In French both the noun and the article have to carry the mark of the plural which is (most of the times) -S. When it comes to plural, the articles dont take into account the gender anymore, as: the tables become les tables, and the restaurants become les restaurants As for the indefinite articles, they dont have a plural in English, as you would say: a table becomes (in a plural form) tables. You can notice the absence of article for the plural. In French, we have an article for the indefinite plural: des. So that, and tables become des tables restaurants become des restaurants

Masculine Feminine Plural

a a

un une des

the the the

le la les

Attention: when you use the singular definite article in front of a noun that begins with a vowel or a H, you have to retrieve the last vowel of that article: Le oiseau loiseau (the bird) La amie lamie (the female friend) Le hpital lhpital (the hospital)

Les salutations

Hellos and goodbyes :


Bonjour Bonsoir Salut Au revoir Hello (good morning, good afternoon) Good evening Hi, goodbye (informal) Goodbye Bonne journe Bonne soire Have a good day Have a good evening A demain A lundi A bientot A plus tard See you tomorrow See you Monday See you soon See you later

How are you? :


Comment allez-vous? (formal) Comment vas-tu? (informal) Comment a va? a va? Je vais bien. Je ne vais pas bien. Je suis fatigu. a va bien. Et toi ? Et vous? I am fine. I am not fine. I am tired. Its going ok. And you ? (informal) And you? (formal)

Miscellaneous :
Bienvenu Enchant Enchante Sil vous plait Sil te plait Merci Merci beaucoup Excusez-moi Je suis dsol Je suis en retard Welcome Nice to meet you (if the person talking is male) Nice to meet you (if the person talking is female) Please (formal) Please (informal) Thank you Thanks a lot Excuse me I am sorry I am late De rien Je vous en prie Madame Mademoiselle Monsieur Oui Non Youre welcome Youre welcome Madam Miss Sir Yes No

Exercice 1. Complte les dialogues avec le vocabulaire de la leon: 1.


Didier : Pierre : Didier : Pierre : Didier : Pierre : Bonjour ! _______________ ____________________ ? Je vais bien, et toi ? _________________ Oh ! Je suis dsol, je suis en retard. Je dois partir. _________________ A plus tard !

________________________________________________________________________________________

2.
Benjamin : Valrie : Benjamin : Valrie : Benjamin : Valrie : Bonsoir Valrie ! Hey, salut Benjamin _______________________________ ? Je ne vais pas bien, je suis trs fatigu Et toi ? _______________________________ Je vais voir le docteur maintenant. _____________________. Au revoir.
Vocabulaire: Je dois partir Trs Voir Maintenant Voici Je reviens I must leave Very To see Now Here is I come back

________________________________________________________________________________________

3.
Monsieur Dujardin : Mademoiselle Corine : Monsieur Dujardin : Mademoiselle Corine : Monsieur Dujardin : Mademoiselle Corine : Monsieur Dujardin : Bonjour mademoiselle. Bonjour monsieur, comment allez-vous ? ___________________________ , _____________________ ? a va bien Voici votre table et votre menu. Merci. ____________________. Je reviens dans une minute. Trs bien.

Se prsenter (1)
Le nom:
This is the most usual way French people will ask about someones name.

Comment tu tappelles? How are you called?(informal) Comment vous vous appelez? How are you called? (formal) What is your name? (informal) What is your name? (formal) I am called My name is I am
In French, the name is divided into 2 parts: your own name (le prnom) and your family name (le nom de famille).

Quel est ton nom? Quel est votre nom? Je mappelle(+your name) Mon nom est Je suis

La nationalit, ladresse:
Quelle est ta nationalit? Quelle est votre nationalit?
In French, nationalities do not begin with capital letters!

What is your nationality? (informal) What is your nationality? (formal) I am French. Malaysian Indonesian

Je suis franais (e). malaisien (ne). indonsien (ne).

Do viens-tu? Do venez-vous? Je viens de France. de Malaisie. dIndonsie.


But the names of countries still do!

Where do you come from? (informal) Where do you come from? (formal) I come from France. from Malaysia. from Indonesia.

O habites-tu? O habitez-vous? Jhabite Melaka. Jhabite en Malaisie. Jhabite dans une maison. Jhabite dans un appartement. Jhabite 25, rue de Lyon Paris.

Where do you live? (informal) Where do you live? (formal) I live in Melaka. I live in Malaysia. I live in a house. I live in a flat. I live at 25 Lyons street in Paris.

You can also use: Quelle est ton adresse? Mon adresse est 25, rue de Lyon Paris.

Annexe : Les nationalits et les pays 1. Les nationalits: In French, according to the person you are talking about, you have to adapt the words you use. If you are a man, and you are talking about yourself, you will use the masculine form of the words; the same will happen if you are talking about another man. If you are a woman, and you are talking about yourself, you need to use the feminine form of the words; the same will happen if you are talking about another woman. This works for a lot of situations, here we will just go through the nationalites. Name of the country Nationality Nationality Nationality (in French) (Masculine) (Feminine) (English) Most of the nationality will follow one of these patterns: -AIS -AISE La France LAngleterre (fem.) Le Japon Le Soudan Le Portugal Le Botswana La Thailande La Hollande Taiwan LIrlande (fem.) LOuganda (masc.) La Malaisie LIndonsie (fem.) LItalie (fem.) Le Brsil Le Vietnam La Core LIran (masc.) LInde (fem.) Singapour LAustralie (fem.) franais anglais japonais soudanais portugais botswanais thailandais hollandais taiwanais irlandais ougandais malaisien indonsien italien brsilien vietnamien coren iranien indien singapourien australien franaise anglaise japonaise soudanaise portugaise botswanaise thailandaise hollandaise taiwanaise irlandaise ougandaise -IEN -ENNE malaisienne indonsienne italienne brsilienne vietnamienne corenne iranienne indienne singapourienne australienne Malaysian Indonesian Italian Brazilian Vietnamese Korean Iranian Indian Singaporean Australian French English Japanese Sudanese Portuguese Botswanian Thai Dutch Taiwanese Irish Ugandan

Some nationalities will follow the normal transformation to feminine : add an extra -E La Chine LAmrique (fem.) La Jamaique Le Maroc LAllemagne (fem.) LEspagne (fem.) La Mongolie Le Nigria chinois amricain jamaicain marocain allemand espagnol mongol nigrian chinoise amricaine jamaicaine marocaine allemande espagnole mongole nigriane Chinese American Jamaican Moroccan German Spanish Mongolian Nigerian

La Belgique La Suisse

Some nationalities will be the same for masculine and feminine (when the masculine already ends with E) belge belge suisse suisse

Belgian Swiss

2. Les pays: In the chart above, you also have the names of countries. Most of them are quite similar to the English versions, but you have to be careful with the spelling. You can notice that the countries also have genders. Most countries are feminine, but some of them as you can see here are masculine. This will lead to some changes in the way you use the names of countries in sentences. There will be two major moments when you need to take the gender into account: 1. You will say: Jhabite en France. And Jhabite au Japon. You will say : And (La France being a feminine country) (Le Japon being a masculine country)

Attention! Singapour, Taiwan are special cases in French,


it will be considered as the name of a town, therefore, you will use it the way you use the name of a town : Jhabite Singapour. Je viens de Singapour.

2.

Je viens de France. Je viens du Japon.

Exercice 1. Complte les dialogues avec le vocabulaire de la leon.

Agns : Tania :

Agns : Tania : Agns : Tania : Agns : Tania :

Bonjour! ______________________ Je mappelle Tania. __________________________ ? Je mappelle Agns. Enchante ! Et ________________________ ? Je suis Vietnamienne, ____________ ? ________________Franaise. Oh ! Je suis en retard ! _____________ Bonne journe !

_____________________________________________

Monsieur Bernard : Madame Pinot : Monsieur Bernard : Madame Pinot : Monsieur Bernard : Madame Pinot : Monsieur Bernard :

Bonjour docteur ! ____________ monsieur. ___________________________________ ? Je ne vais pas bien. Je suis malade. Oh, je vois. Quel est votre nom ? _________________________________ Trs bien. Et do venez-vous monsieur ? _________________________ de Suisse.

Vocabulaire: Malade - sick/ill Je vois - I see

Les verbes irrguliers (1)


Here are a few very important verbs that you must learn. There are a few differences in French when using verbs (action words): There are 2 you : - tu is informal and singular, - vous is formal and/or plural. There are 2 they: - ils is used to refer to a masculine group or a mixed group. - elles is used to refer a female group.

tre: to be
je suis tu es il/elle est nous sommes vous tes ils / elles sont I am you are he/she is we are you are they are

avoir : to have
jai tu as il/ elle a nous avons vous avez ils/ elles ont I have you have he/ she has we have you have they have je vais tu vas il/elle va
Be careful!!! In French there is only one present tense. That is to say that: I am going = I go Je vais

aller: to go
I go/ I am going you go/ youre going he/she goes / he/she is going we go/ were going you go / youre going they go/ theyre going

nous allons vous allez ils /elles vont

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Exercice 1. Complte avec la correcte forme du verbe tre, puis traduis en anglais.
Je _______________ indonsien. ________________________________________________ Vous _________________ australien. ________________________________________________ Ils ________________ japonais. ________________________________________________ Tu ___________ malaisienne. ________________________________________________ Elle ____________ soudanaise. ________________________________________________ Nous _______________ anglais. ________________________________________________

Exercice 2. Complte avec la correcte forme du verbe avoir, puis traduis en anglais.
1. Elle ________________ un bb. ________________________________________________ 2. Nous _______________ une maison. ________________________________________________ 3. Je _______________ un lapin. ________________________________________________ 4. Vous __________________ une voiture. ________________________________________________ 5. Elles _______________ une fleur. ________________________________________________ 6. Tu ________________ un sac. ________________________________________________

Exercice 3. Relie la traduction correcte de chaque verbe.


She is going Vous allez Je vais We are going Elles vont Elle va You are going He is going I am going

Tu vas

Il va Nous allons

They are going

Ils vont

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Les nombres

In French, most of the numbers follow a regular pattern. Nevertheless, the numbers below 17 are irregular. You must learn them very carefully. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 un deux trois quatre cinq six sept huit neuf dix 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 onze douze treize quatorze quinze seize dix-sept dix-huit dix-neuf vingt

Now from 20 to 69, things are quite easy and regular 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 vingt-et-un vingt-deux vingt-trois vingt-quatre vingt-cinq vingt-six vingt-sept vingt-huit vingt-neuf trente 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 trente-et-un trente-deux trente-trois trente-quatre trente-cinq trente-six trente-sept trente-huit trente-neuf quarante

50 cinquante 60 soixante

100 cent 1000 mille

Now when we come to 70 +, there are some changes to follow :

70 soixante-dix 71 soixante-et-onze 72 soixante-douze 73 soixante-treize 74 soixante-quatorze 75 soixante-quinze 76 soixante-seize 77 soixante-dix-sept 78 soixante-dix-huit 79 soixante-dix-neuf

80 quatre-vingt 81 quatre-vingt-un 82 quatre-vingt-deux 83 quatre-vingt-trois 84 quatre-vingt-quatre 85 quatre-vingt-cinq 86 quatre-vingt-six 87 quatre-vingt-sept 88 quatre-vingt-huit 89 quatre-vingt-neuf

90 quatre-vingt-dix 91 quatre-vingt-onze 92 quatre-vingt-douze 93 quatre-vingt-treize 94 quatre-vingt-quatorze 95 quatre-vingt-quinze 96 quatre-vingt-seize 97 quatre-vingt-dix-sept 98 quatre-vingt-dix-huit 99 quatre-vingt-dix-neuf

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Exercice 1. Ecris les nombres avec des lettres :


14 25 77 85 99 : _____________________________ : _____________________________ : _____________________________ : _____________________________ : _____________________________ 173 : _____________________________ 634 : _____________________________ 1975 : _____________________________ 2012 : _____________________________ 24189: _____________________________

196 458 : _________________________________________________________

Exercice 2. Quels sont les numros de tlphone que vous entendez ?


Exemple : 06 66 78 89 01
In France, handphone numbers all start with 06. Landlines numbers are divided into 5 areas:

a. 01 42 86 16 47 b. 02 51 79 15 46 c. 02 51 19 25 66 d. 02 61 19 25 36 e. 01 23 18 23 14 f. 03 45 19 67 28 1. ___________ 2. ___________ 3. ___________ 4. ___________ 5. ___________ 6. ___________

g. 01 43 18 23 15 h. 03 44 19 57 28 i. j. 04 63 09 06 16 04 33 09 10 13

k. 01 82 96 11 07 l. 01 42 96 13 47
Important phone numbers in France: 15 : SAMU (ambulance) 17 : Police 18 : Pompiers (Fire Brigade) Here are a few interesting questions that will need numbers as answers: Quel est ton numro de tlphone? Quel est ton numro de passeport ? Combien a coute ? Quelle est ta taille/ ta pointure ?

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Les dates
Les jours de la semaine lundi mardi mercredi jeudi vendredi samedi dimanche Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Be careful! In French, days and months do not begin with capital letters...

Les mois de lanne janvier fvrier mars avril mai juin juillet aot septembre octobre novembre dcembre January February March April May June July August September October November December

Exercice 1 . Ecris les dates avec des lettres :


1. 5 / 10 / 1978 : ________________________________________________________ 2. 24 / 9 / 1981 : ________________________________________________________ 3. 31 / 3 / 1714 : ________________________________________________________ 4. 18 / 6 / 2015 : ________________________________________________________ 5. 7 / 4 / 1983 : _________________________________________________________
Questions: Quelle est la date aujourdhui? Quand vas-tu la maison ? Quel jour tu as rendez-vous avec le docteur ? Vocabulaire: Un jour Une semaine Un mois Un an Le matin Le midi Laprs midi Le soir La nuit Avant Aprs Hier Aujourdhui Demain Un rendez-vous a day a week a month a year the morning noon the afternoon the evening the night before after yesterday today tomorrow an appointment

Exercice 2.
a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

Relie : 1. vendredi 2. mardi 3. samedi 4. dimanche 5. mercredi 6. jeudi

avant le lundi aprs le mardi avant le dimanche aprs le jeudi avant le mercredi aprs le samedi avant le vendredi

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La frquence: une (deux/ trois/quatre...) fois par jour (semaine/ mois/anne...) one (2 / 3 / 4...) time per day (week / month/ year...) Tous les lundis Chaque lundi Du lundi au vendredi Le lundi Lundi dernier La semaine dernire Lundi prochain La semaine prochaine every Monday each Monday from Monday till Friday on Mondays last Monday last week next Monday next week

Exercice 1

Relie.

Exercice 2. Rponds par Vrai ou Faux.


Vrai Faux
1. Paul a rendez-vous avec Aline mardi. 2. Aline travaille le mercredi. 3. Paul travaille du mercredi au jeudi soir. 4. Aline va la fac le vendredi matin. 5. Paul va travailler le samedi aprs-midi.
FAC is a short form for Facult. Its a slang word in French for university. RV stands for Rendez-vous.

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Lheure

Questions: - Quelle heure est-il? - quelle heure tu as rendez-vous avec Joseph ? - quelle heure tu vas luniversit ? - quelle heure commence le film ?

Vocabulaire: tre en avance tre lheure tre en retard to be early to be on time to be late

You have 2 different ways to tell the time. 1. You can use a 12 hours clock in which case you have to give the time with a specification such as am or pm. In French, we do not use these, instead we use the moment of the day.

For example, 7am will be 7 in the morning (du matin) and 7 pm will be 7 in the evening (du soir).
When you use a 12 hours clock you can give the time using quarters and half.

For example, 7.30pm could be half past seven or 7.45 pm could be quarter to eight.
2. You can use a 24 hours clock which is an official one (train schedules, important appointments...) in which case 7 pm will become 19.00. If you use a 24hrs clock, you will give the time with numbers only.

For example 7.45 pm (quarter to eight) will become 19.45 (nineteen forty-five)

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Exercice 1. Complte avec lheure exacte.

Il est sept heures et quart.

Il est treize heures vingt-cinq.

Il est dix-huit heures cinquante.

Il est trois heures moins le quart.

Il est vingt-et-une heures trente.

Il est neuf heures moins vingt-cinq.

Il est six heures et demie.

Il est quinze heures quarante.

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Se prsenter (2)
Lge, la date de naissance et lanniversaire:
Quel ge as-tu? Quel ge avez-vous?
Be careful! In French, you cannot use the verb tre (to be) when giving your age. You must use avoir (to have).

How old are you? (informal) How old are you? (formal) I am _____ years old.

Jai ____ ans.

Quand est ton anniversaire? Quand est votre anniversaire? Mon anniversaire est le 5 janvier.

When is your birthday? (informal) When is your birthday? (formal) My birthday is the 5th of january.

Be careful! As your birthday happens every year, you cannot give the year of your birth in this sentence. If you want to give your date of birth, you have to use another sentence as follows.

Quand es-tu n? (masculine) Quand es-tu ne? (feminine) Je suis n le 5 janvier 1989. (masc.) Je suis ne le 5 janvier 1989. (fem.)

When were you born? (If you ask a boy) When were you born? (If you ask a girl) I was born on the 5th of january. I was born on the 5th of january.

You can also use another set of questions, such as: -Quelle est la date de ton anniversaire? -Quelle est ta date de naissance ?

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Exercice 1. Ecris quelques phrases pour dcrire les personnes comme dans lexemple:
1. Joseph, franais, 20 ans, 13 janvier, Paris, France. 2. Daniela, indonsienne, 33 ans, 24 avril, Jakarta, Indonsie. Je mappelle Joseph. Je suis franais. Jai 20 ans. Mon anniversaire est le 13 janvier. Jhabite Paris en France. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

3. Rafael, espagnol, 25 ans, 18 juillet, Madrid, Espagne. 4. Vincent, amricain, 19 ans, 15 octobre, Chicago, Amrique.

_____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

Exercice 2. Complte le dialogue avec le vocabulaire de la leon :


Marc : Jean : Marc : Jean : Marc : Jean : Marc : Jean : Marc : Jean : Marc : Jean : Marc : Bonjour. ___________________ Je mappelle Jean, ___________________________ ? ________________Marc et je suis Espagnol. _________________________________ ? Moi, je viens dItalie, je suis Italien. Tu habites en Italie ? Non, _______________________ Paris. Et toi, _____________________________ ? Jhabite Madrid, cest la capitale de lEspagne. Oui, je sais. Et_____________________, Marc ? Jai vingt-cinq ans. Et toi ? _____________________trente _______ Et quand est _____________________ ? Mon anniversaire est le 20 juin. Et toi ? Oh ! Moi aussi ! Quelle surprise !!

Vocabulaire: Moi Moi aussi Je sais Quelle surprise !

me me too I know What a surprise !

19

Les professions
There are a lot of professions and obviously, we cannot have a complete list here. Well still try to s ee some common ones. Usually, when you are referring to a man you will use the masculine and the feminine when you refer to a woman. In French, the professions will usually have the 2 forms, masculine and feminine. So the spelling of the word will depend on who you are referring to. The basic transformation from masculine to feminine is to add e at the end, but there will be some exceptions... As always!

For example: Un avocat is a male lawyer. Une avocate is a female lawyer. Here are a few examples of other transformations into feminine: Un tudiant une tudiante a student Un infirmier Un boulanger Un caissier Un serveur Un coiffeur Un vendeur Un danseur Un acteur Un agriculteur Un musicien Un chirurgien Un magicien
Some are irregular ones:

Questions: Quelle est ta profession? Que fais-tu ?

une infirmire une boulangre une caissire une serveuse une coiffeuse une vendeuse une danseuse une actrice une agricultrice une musicienne une chirurgienne une magicienne

a nurse a baker a cashier a waiter/a waitress a hairdresser a salesman/saleswoman a dancer an actor/an actress a farmer a musician a surgeon a magician a singer
Je suis tudiant (e) en droit / en commerce / en informatique / en mdecine / en biologie / en finance... Je suis tudiant (e) ingnieur.

Un chanteur

une chanteuse

Some dont change whether they are used to refer to masculine or to feminine, because the masculine form already ends with an E, only the article will help us find out:

Un comptable Un journaliste Un dentiste Un pilote

une comptable une journaliste une dentiste une pilote

an accountant a journalist a dentist a pilot

And some exception words are only used in masculine (even if you are talking about a woman!):

Un professeur

un mdecin

un crivain

A teacher
We also have some special ones:

a doctor

a writer

Un homme daffaire Un homme au foyer

une femme daffaire une femme au foyer

a businessman / woman a house husband(?) / wife

20

Exercice 1. Relie chaque image sa profession.

Une coiffeuse Un musicien Une infirmire

Une serveuse Un danseur et une danseuse

Un professeur

Exercice 2. Complte le dialogue avec le vocabulaire de la leon.


Vronique : Christophe : Vronique : Christophe : Vronique : Christophe : Vronique : Bonsoir ! ______________ ______________ est Christophe. Comment vous vous appelez ? ______________________________________ Enchant Vronique ! Et ____________________________ ? Vocabulaire: Je suis infirmier, et vous ? Mais but Cest It is Oh, je vois. Moi, je suis ________________ Jhabite Marseille dans le sud de la France. O _______________________________ ? _________________ Lille dans le nord de la France. Mais ______________ belge. Vous tes franaise ? Non, je suis ________________

Christophe :

Vronique :

Exercice 3. Rponds aux questions suivantes.


- Comment tu tappelles ? _______________________________________________________________ - Quelle est ta nationalit ? ______________________________________________________________ - Do viens-tu ? ______________________________________________________________________ - Quel ge as-tu ? _____________________________________________________________________ - Quand est ton anniversaire ? ___________________________________________________________ - Quand es-tu n (e) ?__________________________________________________________________ - O habites-tu ? ______________________________________________________________________ - Quelle est ta profession ? ______________________________________________________________

21

Prsenter quelquun

Le nom :
Comment il sappelle? Comment elle sappelle? Quel est son nom? Il sappelle Elle sappelle Son nom est.
(+Nom)

La nationalit :
Quelle est sa nationalit? Do vient-il? Do vient-elle? Il est/ Elle est Il vient de Elle vient de
(+Nationalit) (+Pays)

Lge :
Quel est son ge? Quand est son anniversaire? Quand est-il n ? Quand est-elle ne ? Il a ans./ Elle a ans. Son anniversaire est le Il est n le Elle est ne le
(+Date)

Le domicile, ladresse :
O habite-t-il? O habite-t-elle? Quelle est son adresse ? Il habite Elle habite Son adresse est...

You can notice that we are using almost the same questions and sentences that you use to introduce yourself except for a few changes: Instead of using tu or vous, we now use il or elle Instead of using ton or ta, we now use son or sa

22

Exercice 1. Ecris quelques phrases pour dcrire les personnes comme dans lexemple:
a. Suresh, indien, professeur 34 ans, 25 novembre, Mumbai, Inde. b. Linda, coreenne, chanteuse 42 ans, 14 avril, Incheon, Core. c. Bert, marocain, tudiant, 19 ans, 18 aot, Rabat, Maroc. Il sappelle Suresh. Il est indien. Il est professeur. Il a trente-quatre ans. Son anniversaire est le 25 novembre. Il habite Mumbai en Inde. ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

Exercice 2. Ecris quelques phrases pour dcrire ton meilleur ami / ta meilleure amie : ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Exercice 3. Ecris quelques phrases pour dcrire ton chanteur prfr / ta chanteuse prfre : ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

Vocabulaire: Mon meilleur ami Ma meilleure amie Mon chanteur prfr Ma chanteuse prfre my best friend (if my friend is a boy) my best friend (if my friend is a girl) my favorite singer (if the singer is male) my favorite singer (if the singer is female)

23

Les couleurs

In French, the colours have to take the gender of the object they are related to. If the colour refers to a masculine object, the colour will also be masculine. If the colour refers to a feminine object, the colour will have to take the feminine form, as shown below.

In French, the colour will usually come after the object it refers to. A white bag The purple flower Un sac blanc La fleur violette

Masculine :

Feminine :

English :

Usually, to transform from masculine to feminine, you add an extra E at the end of the masculine word, as you can see in this first group of colours:

vert gris bleu noir

verte grise bleue noire

green grey blue black

But, some colours here already end with a E at their masculine form. In these cases, there wont be any change needed from masculine form to feminine form:

rouge rose jaune orange

rouge rose jaune orange

red pink yellow orange

And, of course, it would be too simple if it was all regular! Here are three main exceptions which dont follow the normal rule:

blanc violet marron

blanche violette marron

white purple brown (never changes)

24

Exercice 1. Traduis les expressions suivantes.


A red tomato _________________ A yellow banana ________________

A blue car ___________________

A green table _________________

An orange sun _____________________ A pink house _________________

A brown guitar ____________________

Vocabulaire: Une tomate Une banane Un soleil Une guitare a tomato a banana a sun a guitar

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes en franais.


I have a green car. ____________________________________________________________________ We has a purple toy. __________________________________________________________________ We have a pink cake. ____________________________________________________________________ The night is black. _______________________________________________________________________ The car is white and grey. _________________________________________________________________

Exercice 3. Traduis les phrases suivantes en anglais.


Tu as une maison jaune et bleue. ___________________________________________________________ Jai une cerise rouge. _____________________________________________________________________ Nous avons une table verte. ________________________________________________________________ Le sac est violet et noir. ___________________________________________________________________ Le lapin est gris. _________________________________________________________________________

25

Dcrire quelquun (1) : Le visage


When you want to describe someone, you would want to talk about the colour of the eyes, of the hair, the size of the nose maybe, or even if he or she has a Questions: big mouth! Here is some vocabulary to help you. Quelle est la couleur de tes cheveux? Vocabulaire :
Quelle est la couleur de tes yeux ? Quelle est la couleur de tes lunettes ? Tu as des lunettes ?

Les yeux (the eyes) (the mouth)La bouche

Les cheveux (the hair) Loreille Le nez

Des lunettes

Une moustache

Une barbe If you want to say that your friend has a black moustache, the colour (here, black) will go after the object
Example: He has a black moustache. Il a une moustache noire.

The colour will take the sign of the feminine, if it refers to a feminine object (Here, une moustache, une barbe, une bouche) and the sign of the plural if it refers to a plural object (Here, les cheveux, les yeux, des lunettes).
Example: She has black eyes. Elle a les yeux noirs.

For the hair, you will have extra colours : blond, brun, roux. These are used only when you
refer to the hair. To describe the hair, you can use: longs (long), courts (short), raides (straight), friss (curly)... Normally the adjectives come before the word they refer to, but for the hair it comes after.
Examples: She has long hair. We have long black hair. Elle a les cheveux longs. Nous avons les cheveux longs et noirs

26

Exercice 1. Relie les phrases qui se correspondent.


Jai les cheveux blonds. Nous avons les yeux marron. Elle a les cheveux marron. Elles ont les cheveux noirs. Il a les yeux verts.

We have brown eyes. You have blue eyes.


He has green eyes. They have black hair. She has brown hair. You have red hair. I have blond hair.

Tu as les yeux bleus.


Vous avez les cheveux roux.

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes en franais.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I am called Lucie, and I have blue eyes. ___________________________________________ She is called Vronica, she has black hair. _____________________________________________ Damien and Christophe have brown eyes. ____________________________________________ You have brown hair and black eyes. ________________________________________________ My best friend has blond hair. ______________________________________________________

Exercice 3. Ecris quelques phrases pour parler de ton meilleur ami.


(Nom, ge, nationalit, couleur des cheveux...) _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

27

Dcrire quelquun (2)


Avoir:
Les cheveux: courts/ longs
Questions: Tu es grand? Elle est sympathique? Vous tes amoureux ? Ils sont courageux ? .... Another way to ask the same questions : Est-ce que tu es grand? Est-ce quelle est sympathique ? Est-ce que vous tes amoureux ? Est-ce quils sont courageux ? ...

noirs/ blonds/ marron/ roux. raides (straight)/ friss (curly)


Les yeux: noirs, marron, verts, bleus, gris Des lunettes, une moustache, une barbe.

tre:
Masculine Agrable Amoureux Amusant Bavard Beau Blond Brun Clbre Courageux Dangereux Difficile lgant Embtant nerv Ennuyeux trange Facile Gentil Grand Gros Heureux Honnte Feminine Agrable Amoureuse Amusante Bavarde Belle Blonde Brune Clbre Courageuse Dangereuse Difficile lgante Embtante nerve Ennuyeuse trange Facile Gentille Grande Grosse Heureuse Honnte Nice In love Funny

English

Talkative Beautiful/ handsome Blond-haired Dark-haired Famous Brave Dangerous Difficult Smart (well-dressed) Annoying (for someone) Irritated / angry Boring Strange Easy Kind Tall (for someone) / big (for something) Fat Happy Honest The most common adjectives have been bolded!

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Impatient Intelligent Intressant Jaloux Jeune Joli Joyeux Laid Malheureux Marrant Mince Paresseux Patient Petit Peureux Poli Roux Srieux Simple Sportif Surpris Sympathique Timide Travailleur Triste Vieux

Impatiente Intelligente Intressante Jalouse Jeune Jolie Joyeuse Laide Malheureuse Marrante Mince Paresseuse Patiente Petite Peureuse Polie Rousse Srieuse Simple Sportive Surprise Sympathique Timide Travailleuse Triste Vieille

Impatient Clever Interesting Jealous Young Cute Glad Ugly Unhappy Funny Thin Lazy Patient Small / short (height) Fearful Polite Red-haired Serious Simple Athletic Surprised Friendly Shy Hard-working Sad Old

Remember: If you are talking about a man, you should use the masculine of the adjectives. If you are talking about a woman, you should use the feminine. Example: He is tall. She is tall. Il est grand. Elle est grande.
Vocabulaire: Un peu Assez Trs

a little quite very

29

Annexe: Les adjectifs

1. Feminine
The adjectives are the words that you use when you want to describe someone or something. For example when you say: Jean has a big grey house. big is an adjective. grey is also an adjective. They both are used to describe the house , meaning that both of them are in relation to the word house. Now, as you know, in French all nouns, objects have a gender (masculine or feminine). Here, a house, in French, is feminine: une maison Well, the adjectives will have to follow the gender of the object/ person they are describing. Therefore, here, big and grey, as they are referring to the house, will have to be used in their feminine forms, which give us: grande and grise Another important point is, in French, the colours will always be placed after the noun they are describing. Whereas, most of the time, the other adjectives will be placed before the noun, same way as in English. Therefore, if we translate this sentence it will give us: Jean a une grande maison grise. Be careful! If an adjective already ends with E at the masculine form, there will be no change for the feminine!

2. Plural
Now lets take another example, if I say: Be careful! If a word already ends with S at the singular, there is no need to change for the plural. Same if the word ends with X or Z. Jonathan and Daniel are tall. What is the adjective in this sentence? ... It is tall. And who is tall? In other words, to which words refers tall in that sentence?... Well, Jonathan and Daniel are the ones who are tall, agreed? So, as we modify the adjective when it refers to a feminine noun, we will also modify it when it refers to a plural. Therefore, here, we will have: Jonathan et Daniel sont grands.

So, the important points to remember about the adjectives: 1. find who or what the adjective refers to, and use the right form of the word accordingly (masculine-feminine; singular-plural) 2. the colours will always be placed after the word they describe

30

Exercice 1. Traduis le mot entre parenthse et accorde.


(fminin/masculin ; singulier/pluriel).

1. 2. 3. 4.

Sophie est (thin) ___________ et elle a les cheveux (short) ______________. Jonathan est (hard-working) ______________ mais il est (shy) _______________. Je suis (brave) ______________ et (honest) ________________________. Ils sont (serious) ___________________et aussi (clever) _____________. 5. Vanessa et Jennifer sont (polite) _________________ mais (lazy) ______________.

Exercice 2. Remets les mots dans le bon ordre.


1. longs / j/ suis / et / ai /les / Je / cheveux / grande. ___________________________________________________________________ 2. mais / assez / Il /sympathique / il / paresseux / est / est. ___________________________________________________________________ 3. courts / sommes / avons / grands / nous / les/ trs / Nous / cheveux / mais. ___________________________________________________________________ 4. a / assez / Elle / grands /petite / elle / les / est / mais / yeux. ___________________________________________________________________ 5. et / sont / aussi / Elles / marrantes / bavardes. ___________________________________________________________________

Exercice 3. Traduis les phrases en franais.


1. I am tall and I have long and black hair. ___________________________________________________________________ 2. Joshua is quite small and he has blue eyes. ___________________________________________________________________ 3. Martina and Vincent are very kind, but they are impatient. ___________________________________________________________________ 4. She has grey eyes and she is very cute. ___________________________________________________________________ 5. You are tall and you have a beautiful moustache. ___________________________________________________________________

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Les verbes rguliers : -ER


In French, the verbs are divided into three groups. The verbs from the first 2 groups are to be conjugated in a regular way. The third group is filled with all the irregular verbs. The verbs from the 1st group are the verbs with the infinitive ending with: -ER. These are the ones we are going to discuss now.
The infinitive of a verb is like its name. In English, you can recognize the infinitive because it comes as the following form: -to eat -to work -to dance -to travel to is the mark of the infinitive. In French, the mark of the infinitive is the ending of the verb: -manger -travailler -danser -voyager You can see that the to part is not translated in French, but you can find its equivalent in the ending of the verb.

A lot of verbs in French are from the first group:


Danser (to dance), chanter (to sing), regarder (to look at), travailler (to work), voyager (to travel), manger (to eat), jouer (to play), aimer (to like), dtester (to hate), appeler (to call), acheter (to buy), parler (to speak), habiter (to live) These verbs are composed of 2 parts: - First the beginning (or the stem), which is the part that will not change at the beginning of the word. - Second is the ending which will change according to which pronoun you are using.

For example: Jouer is composed of jou as the beginning and er as ending. If we conjugate the verb, jou will not change, only the ending er will, as you can see in the example. jouer je joue tu joues il/elle joue to play I play you play he/she plays -

Be careful! In French, there is only one present tense. That means that: I am playing = I play je joue

nous jouons vous jouez ils/elles jouent

we play you play they play

As you can see, you just have to change the ending of the verb, according to the subject. You replace the infinitive ending -ER with the proper ending. Therefore, you mostly need to learn the endings that will be used for all those verbs, which are:

-E

-ES

-E

-ONS

-EZ

-ENT

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Vocabulaire: Verbes du premier groupe:


Autoriser Aider Accepter Arriver to allow to help to accept to arrive

Gagner Laisser Laver Manger Marcher Montrer Nager Partager Prfrer Payer Penser Porter Regarder Regretter Ressembler Rigoler

to win / to earn to let to wash to eat to walk to show to swim to share to prefer to pay to think to carry, to wear to look at to regret to look like to laugh

Complter Commencer Casser Couter Couper Changer Chanter Chercher

to complete to begin to break to cost to cut to change to sing to look for

Demander Donner Dcider Dessiner Danser

to ask to give to decide to draw to dance

Entrer couter Embrasser Esprer tudier Essayer Fermer Fumer

to come in to listen to kiss to hope to study to try to close to smoke

Soigner Trouver Utiliser Visiter

to heal to find to use to visit

33

Exercice 1. Complte avec la forme correcte du verbe.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Je ______________ (travailler) dans une banque. Joel _____________________ (aimer) regarder la tl le soir. Valrie et Monique ____________________ (dtester) le chocolat. Nous _________________ (regarder) un film le samedi. Tu _________________ (jouer) avec ton ami. Son meilleur ami _________________ (chanter) trs bien. Nadge et Mathieu __________________ (dessiner) une belle voiture rouge. Mon acteur prfr ________________ (habiter) San Francisco. Je ________________ (voyager) pendant les vacances. Tu ________________ (parler) le franais avec ton professeur.

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes en franais.


1. We like to eat a lot. _________________________________________________________________ 2. My best friend hates to work. _________________________________________________________________ 3. The house costs thirty thousand euros. _________________________________________________________________ 4. I hope to be a doctor. _________________________________________________________________ 5. I am studying in France. _________________________________________________________________ 6. We like to work in Paris. _________________________________________________________________ 7. She thinks that (=que) she is very clever. _________________________________________________________________ 8. Jonathan is very shy but he likes to have a lot of friends. ________________________________________________________________ 9. They (masc.) live in New York, but they prefer Paris. ________________________________________________________________ 10. You (informal/singular) are eating with your best friend Wednesday. ________________________________________________________________

34

La Famille
English A father A brother A son A husband A grandfather A grandson A cousin - male An uncle A nephew French un pre un frre un fils un mari un grand-pre un petit-fils un cousin un oncle un neveu English A mother A sister A daughter A wife A grandmother A granddaughter A cousin - female An aunt A niece French une mre une soeur une fille une femme une grand-mre une petite-fille une cousine une tante une nice

As you can see, all the men in the family vocabulary are masculine words (UN pre, UN oncle...). It means that even if you are a woman, your father is still a man and therefore the word pre will always remain a masculine word. That is to say that you will always have a masculine article preceding the word.

un pre (a father) / mon pre (my father) / ton pre (your father) / son pre (his/her father)

The same goes for the women in the family. The words will always be feminine (UNE mre, UNE soeur...). That is why these words will always be preceded by a feminine article.

une mre (a mother)/ ma mre (my mother) / ta mre (your mother) / sa mre (his/her mother)
Then if you have to use the plural, it gives you this:

MASCULINE

PLURAL

un pre mon pre ton pre son pre

des parents mes parents tes parents ses parents

FEMININE une mre ma mre ta mre sa mre

35

Additional vocabulary
maman papa mum (mummy) dad (daddy) granny granddad an older sister a younger sister a twin sister twin sisters un frre an un frre cadet un frre jumeau des frres jumeaux an older brother a younger brother a twin brother twin brothers

mamie / mm papy / pp une sur ane une sur cadette une sur jumelle des soeurs jumelles

une belle-sur un beau-frre des beaux-parents une belle-mre un beau-pre une demi-sur un demi-frre lamie de mon pre lami de ma mre

a sister-in-law a brother-in-law parents-in-law a step-mother / a mother-in-law a step-father / a father-in-law a step-sister / a half-sister a step-brother / a half-brother my fathers girl friend my mothers boyfriend

mari(e)

married

clibataire divorc(e) spar(e)

single divorced separated

Ils sont maris. They are married. fianc(e) engaged

36

Exercice 1. Complte les phrases ci-dessous et dessine dans les cadres.

37

Exercice 2. Traduire en Franais.


My family. I have a quite big family. My father is called John. He is 54. He has grey hair and blue eyes and he is quite tall. He is very hard-working. The name of my mother is Martine. She is 49. She has black hair and brown eyes. She is quite small. I have a brother and two sisters. My brother is called Daniel. He has blond hair and green eyes. He is very lazy. My sisters are called Fabienne and Julia. They have brown hair and blue eyes. They are shy. They like to travel. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

Exercice 3. Traduis les phrases suivantes.


1. In my family, there are seven persons. _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Your father is called Jean. _______________________________________________________________________ 3. I have three brothers and they are not friendly. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. Your father has blue eyes and black hair. _______________________________________________________________________ 5. His niece is studying in Paris. ________________________________________________________________________ 6. Her parents like to watch TV. ________________________________________________________________________ 7. Your sister is called Dominique and she is fourteen. ________________________________________________________________________ 8. The birthday of my mother is on the 27 august. ________________________________________________________________________ 9. Your grand mother is quite small but she has long hair. ________________________________________________________________________ 10. My sisters are not very happy today. ________________________________________________________________________ 11. Her grand-father is very friendly and patient. ________________________________________________________________________ 12. She has a very big family. ________________________________________________________________________ 13. My sister is married and she has a daughter. ________________________________________________________________________

38

la maison

Vocabulaire: lappartement la maison lentre (fem.) le salon la cuisine le bureau la salle manger la salle de bains la salle de jeux la chambre les toilettes (fem.plur.) la douche la cave le garage le jardin le balcon le couloir le grenier the appartment the house the entrance (hall) the living room the kitchen the office / study the dining room the bathroom the games room the bedroom the toilet the shower the cellar the garage the garden the balcony the corridor the attic

en ville / in town

la campagne / in the countryside

To describe : chez.... il y a il ny a pas de Au sous-sol rez-de-chausse Au rez-de-chausse premier tage tage Au premier Au deuxime deuxime tage tage Au at (someone s place) (someones place) there there are thereis is// there are there there are notnot thereis isnot/ not/ there are in the the basement basement on the floor on theground ground floor on the on thefirst firstfloor floor on the floor on thesecond second floor

39

Exercice 1. Traduis ce texte. ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

Chez moi Jhabite en ville, Melaka, dans un appartement, au septime tage. Mon appartement est assez petit. Dans mon appartement, il ny a pas de balcon, mais il y a un grand salon. Il y a aussi une entre avec un couloir, un petit bureau, une salle manger et une jolie cuisine. Il y a trois chambres parce que nous sommes trois personnes dans lappartement. Et chez toi, cest comment?

Exercice 2. Dcris la maison ci-dessous.


___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

40

Dans la ville
Questions: O vas-tu? O es-tu?

Vocabulaire: Lhpital (masc) / the hospital Lcole (fem) / the school Luniversit (fem)/ the university Lglise (fem) / the church

Vocabulaire: La mairie / the town hall La gare / the train station La banque / the bank La pharmacie / the pharmacy La librairie / the bookshop La bibliothque / the library La boulangerie / the bakery La piscine / the swimming pool La discothque / the night club La mosque / the mosque

Vocabulaire: Le tribunal / the justice court Le comissariat de police / the police station Le magasin / the shop Le bureau de tabac / the newspaper and cigarettes shop

In French, when you want to say that youre going somewhere, you need to use a sort of translation for to. This translation will be different according to the gender of the place youre talking about. Example 1: I am going to the swimming-pool. Je vais la piscine. La piscine being feminine, we use la. Example 2: I am going to the cinema. Je vais au cinma. Le cinma being masculine, we use au.

Le salon de coiffure / the hairdresser Le restaurant / the restaurant Le march / the market Le thtre / the theater Le cinma / the cinema Le caf / the coffee shop Le bar / the bar- the pub Le stade / the stadium Le temple / the temple Le muse / the museum

Example 3: I am going to the hospital. Je vais lhopital. When the word starts with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u), we do not need to make a difference between masculine or feminine: for both, you have to use l

When you want to say where you are, you have to use the same rule. Je suis au cinma. Je suis lhopital. Im at the cinema. Im at the hospital. Je suis la piscine. Im at the swimming-pool.

41

Exercice 1. cris quelques phrases suivants le modle.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Le lundi, je vais au cinma. Le mardi, ______________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes.


1. You like to go to the swimming pool with your friends.

Vocabulaire: Pourquoi...? Parce que...

_____________________________________________________________
2. We are going to the restaurant tomorrow. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. My family lives in a big white house in the countryside. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. In my house, there are three small bedrooms. ________________________________________________________________________ 5. At my uncles place, there is no garden. _______________________________________________________________________ 6. In my town, there are two police stations and one justice court. ________________________________________________________________________ 7. She likes to live in Kuala Lumpur, because there are a lot of cinemas. ________________________________________________________________________ 8. Your sister likes to go to the night-club on Saturday. ________________________________________________________________________ 9. Sasha and Jonathan hate to go to the hospital. _______________________________________________________________________ 10. You are going to the train station now. ________________________________________________________________________

42

Les verbes irrguliers (2)

Here is a second batch of very important, but irregular verbs.

Faire (to do, to make)


je fais tu fais il / elle fait I do you do he / she does

Savoir (to know smtg)


je sais tu sais il / elle sait I know you know he / she knows

Devoir (must)
je dois tu dois il / elle doit I must you must he / she must we must you must they must

nous faisons we do vous faites you do ils / elles font they do

nous savons we know vous savez you know ils / elles savent they know

nous devons vous devez ils / elles doivent

Venir (to come)


je viens tu viens il / elle vient I come you come he / she comes we come you come they come

Devenir (to become)


je deviens I become tu deviens you become il / elle devient he / she becomes nous devenons vous devenez ils / elles deviennent we become you become they become

nous venons vous venez ils / elles viennent

Vouloir (to want)


je veux tu veux il / elle veut I want you want he / she wants we want you want they want

Pouvoir (to be able to, can)


je peux tu peux il / elle peut I can you can he / she can we can you can they can

nous voulons vous voulez ils / elles veulent

nous pouvons vous pouvez ils/elles peuvent

43

Exercice 1. Traduire les phrases suivantes.


1. She wants to be happy. ___________________________________________________________________ 2. I dont know. ___________________________________________________________________ 3. She thinks that (=que) she can have a big house. ___________________________________________________________________ 4. We come from Italy but we live in Australia. ___________________________________________________________________ 5. I like to laugh with my friends. ___________________________________________________________________ 6. My parents want to go to Canada (masc.) soon. ___________________________________________________________________ 7. The mother of my friend can dance. ___________________________________________________________________ 8. Your uncle is coming tomorrow. ___________________________________________________________________ 9. We are going to wash your car today. ___________________________________________________________________ 10. I want to help my brother. ___________________________________________________________________ 11. She hopes that she can pay. ___________________________________________________________________ 12. We must go to the school with Patricia. ___________________________________________________________________ 13. Jacques knows that I am lazy. ___________________________________________________________________

44

Les activits

Les sports
In French, as in English language to a certain extent, there are sports you play, and others that you do. For example, you play football, but you do boxing the verbs will be used almost in the same way in French (meaning that the sports you play in English will be the same in French). We have already seen the different verbs to play (jouer) and to do (faire), but it might be useful to recall here how they are conjugated:

Jouer (to play) Je joue Tu joues Il/ elle joue Nous jouons Vous jouez Ils/ elles jouent

Faire (to do) Je fais Tu fais Il/ elle fait Nous faisons Vous faites Ils/ elles font

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I. Sports / games you play

Grammar: In French, when you are using jouer relating to a sport or any game, you will need to use after the verb. As in English, you use to look at, in French, will always come after jouer. Once again the gender of the word is very important. When you are using the name of a sport or a game which is feminine, it will remain as its usual self. For example: je joue la belote (la belote is a card game) When you are using the name of a sport or a game which is masculine, you will have to change it to au. The rule is that, whenever you find le in a sentence, you have to replace it by au. For example: je joue le au football

Vocabulaire: le badminton le basket-ball le football le golf le handball le hockey le ping-pong le rugby le volley-ball le tennis

badminton basketball football golf handball hockey table tennis rugby volleyball tennis

Exercice 1. Ecris la phrase correspondant chaque image.

Tu ______________________________________________ Nous _________________________________________

Il ________________________________________ Je ___________________________________

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes.


1. I like to play basketball. _____________________________________________________________________ 2. My sister plays badminton with Josephine today. _____________________________________________________________________

46

II. Sports / games you do


Vocabulaire:

Grammar: Well, things will work almost the same way for faire Faire in French is always followed with de As we have seen before, the feminine doesnt imply any changes. For example: Je fais de la boxe. Whereas, the masculine will induce the change from de le into du For example: je fais de le du judo.

le cyclisme lquitation (fem) la gymnastique le judo la natation le VTT la boxe lescalade (fem) la planche voile le patin glace lathltisme (masc) le ski

cycling horse riding gymnastics judo swimming mountain biking boxing moutain climbing windsurfing ice-skating athletics ski

Exercice 1. Ecris la phrase correspondant chaque image.


Il _______________________________________________ Elle ____________________________________________

Nous _____________________________________ Vous ________________________________

Exercice 2. Traduis les phrases suivantes.


1. We want to go to the swimming pool Sunday. _____________________________________________________________________ 2. They do horse-riding two times a month. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. His mother likes to do boxing once a week. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. You do mountain-climbing very often. _____________________________________________________________________
Vocabulaire: toujours souvent parfois jamais always often sometimes never

47

Annexe: La ngation
A negative sentence is not a sentence that says something bad! Here is an example of the transformation to a negative sentence in English: I am tall. I am not tall.

In French, the negative form works in two parts: Ne.. Pas The rule is that you have to put NePas on each side of the verb. So, of course the first thing that you need to do is to find the verb ( the action word) in the sentence. For example: Je Subj. suis Verb grande. Adjective Je Subj. ne ne suis Verb pas pas grande. Adjective

Now, if it was that simple, it wouldnt be fun! Sometimes, you will have to be careful when building a negative sentence. Problems happen when you are using the verb avoir For example: Jai Tu as Nous avons une un des maison. chien. voitures. Je Tu nai nas pas pas de de de maison. chien. voitures.

Nous navons pas

So you can notice here that the articles un , une and des when put into a negative sentence are transformed into de But this happens only when you have a sentence with avoir, and only with un,

une, des. Attention ! Il y a Il ny a pas (de)

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Exercice 1. Transformez la forme ngative.

1. Vous avez une belle maison. __________________________________________________________ 2. Il y a une grande voiture dans le garage. __________________________________________________________ 3. Vous regardez beaucoup la tl. __________________________________________________________ 4. Jaime jouer au rugby avec mes amis. __________________________________________________________ 5. Ils ont trois enfants. __________________________________________________________ 6. Tu aimes manger au restaurant le week-end. __________________________________________________________ 7. Il va la piscine deux fois par mois. __________________________________________________________ 8. Je suis Franaise et je parle trs bien langlais. __________________________________________________________ 9. Mes amis vont en Indonsie pour les vacances. __________________________________________________________ 10. Damien aime danser en discothque. __________________________________________________________ 11. Il a un beau sac gris. __________________________________________________________ 12. Je suis heureux de visiter la Malaisie. __________________________________________________________ 13. Daniel et moi, nous regardons beaucoup la tl. __________________________________________________________ 14. Il habite Kuala Lumpur. __________________________________________________________ 15. Ils ont une voiture bleue et rouge. __________________________________________________________

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