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# Question 3 [Forces and Motion Spring is widely used in suspension system of vehicles such as car and motorcycle.

This is because of the elasticity of the spring. Diagram below shows how a spring is used in suspension system of a car.

(i) What is meant by elasticity? (ii) Explain how the forces between the molecules caused the elasticity when the spring is compressed and stretched. [4 marks] Question 4 [Forces and Motion] Diagram 4 shows a hovercraft starts from rest and accelerates until it achieves constant velocity after a few seconds.

Diagram 4 (i) Sketch a velocity-time graph to show the motion of hovercraft. (ii) Explain why the hovercraft moves with constant velocity in terms of the force acting on it [4 marks]

Question 6 [Force and Motion] Diagrams 6.1 and 6.2 show a load is being lift up.

(a) What is gravitational potential energy? [1mark] (b) Based on Diagrams 6.1 and 6.2 , compare the position of the load after being lifted up, the gravitational potential energy and the work done. State the relationship between - the position of the load and the work done in lifting the load. - The gravitational potential energy and the work done [5marks Q uestion 7 [Force and Motion] Diagram 7shows a 50 sen coin and a leaf falling in a vacuum container. The coin is heavier than the leaf.

Diagram 7 Using the diagram shown and the information given about the weight of the two objects, compare the mass of the coin and the leaf, the time taken to fall, the falling position of the coin and the leaf,the gravitational acceleration of the coins and the leaf. Deduce the relationship between the mass and the gravitational acceleration of falling object. [5 marks]

## Question 2 [ Forces and Motion] Diagram below shows a rocket.

Y ou are required to give some suggestions to design a rocket which can travel in the outer space with higher acceleration. Using the knowledge on forces and motion and the properties of materials, explain the suggestions based on the following aspects: (i) the shape of the rocket (ii) the material used to build the rocket (iii) additional supply needed that enable the rocket to move in outer space (iv) the structure of the rocket to accelerate. (v) size of the combustion chamber [10 marks]

Question 3 [ Forces and Motion] Diagram below shows an athlete throwing a javelin

Using appropriate physics concepts, explain the use of suitable equipment and techniques to improve his performance. Your answer should include following aspects: (i) Characteristics of material used for javelin (ii) Shape of javelin (iii) Motion of the athlete (iv) How the javelin should be thrown [10 marks]

Question 4 [ Forces and Motion] Diagram 9.3 shows a badminton player in a competition. .

You are required to give some suggestions to design the shuttle and racquet used in the competition. Using your knowledge of motion, forces and properties of material, state and explain the suggestions based on the following aspects: (i) Shape of the shuttle. (ii) Characteristic of the material used for shuttle. (iii) Material used for the base of the shuttle. (iv) Material used for the string of the racquet. (v) Tension of the string of the racquet.

Problem solving
1. (i) A toy car of mass 1.5 kg is moving at a constant velocity of 40 ms -1 collides with a wall and bounce back at a velocity of 35 ms-1 . What is the impulse applied on the car? (ii) If the time of collision between the toy car and the wall takes 0.8 s, what is the impulsive force applied on the toy car? 2. Diagram shows a car is moving with a constant velocity when the engine provides a thrust of 900 N. The car is then accelerates at 2 m s-2. The total mass of the car is 1 000 kg.

(i) What is the frictional force between the tyre& the road? (ii) What is the force exerted by the engine when the car accelerates at 2 m s -2 ? 3. A racing bike of mass 202 kg accelerates from rest to its velocity of18 kmh -1 in 10 s. (i) Calculate the acceleration of the racing bike.

(ii) Calculate the force acting on the racing bike. 4. Justin conducted an experiment to prove Hookes Law. The observation is plotted as the graph shown below.

(i) Calculate the spring constant of spring P and spring Q. (ii) Calculate the work done by spring P to extend the spring to 10 cm.

Paper 3
Based on the diagrams (a) makeone suitable inference . (b) stateone appropriate hypothesis that could be investigated. (c ) describe how you would design an experiment to test your hypothesis In your explanation, state clearly the following : (i) The aim of the experiment (ii) The variables in the experiment (iii) The list of apparatus and materials (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus (v) the procedures of the experiment, which includes the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable (vi) the way you would tabulate the data (vii) the way you would analyse the data