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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.1.

INTRODUCTION

- ADVANTAGES
economy of timber scaffolding; economy of manpower; high quality; low manufacture time; no weather problems; the joints are settled by design; the prestressing is suitable.

- DISADVANTAGES
- lower continuity and stiffness; - necessity of special mechanical devices (lifting cranes ); - design is more complex for different stages: manufacturing, transport, lifting, positioning, final state; - functional flexibility is restrained.
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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- Types of precast elements: - linear - frames - parts of frames - LINEAR PRECAST ELEMENTS

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- SINGLE SPAN FRAMES

- PARTS OF FRAMES

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS


- Structures made of: columns + transversal beams + surface elements (roof)

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS


- Structures made of: columns + primary transversal beams + longitudinal secondary beams + surface elements (roof)

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS


- Structures made of: columns + longitudinal beams + surface elements (roof)

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS


- Structures made of: columns + longitudinal beams + transversal beams + surface elements (roof)

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS


- Structures made of: columns + longitudinal truss beams + transversal truss beams + surface elements (roof)

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.2.

SINGLE-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS - Roof made of surface elements: - caissons; - TT elements; - T elements straight or curved; - hollow strips. - Static outline: - fixed columns + hinged beams; - fixed columns + fixed beams.

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- Nodes have to be fixed to work at transversal and longitudinal efforts. - TYPES OF MULTI MULTI-STOREY STOREY STRUCTURES Made of linear elements:
- entirely precast: - with continuous columns; - with one storey columns; - with partial frames; - with flat slabs. - monolithic columns + p precast floors; ; - precast columns + monolithic floors; - lifted structures.

- p partially yp precast:

Made of spatial elements:


- floors made of slabs+edge ribs supported by columns; - floors made of slabs directly supported by columns.
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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS ENTIRELY PRECAST With continuous columns + hinged beams

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS ENTIRELY PRECAST


With continuous columns + corbels + hinged beams With continuous columns + cantilevers + fixed beams

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS ENTIRELY PRECAST


With continuous columns + corbels + hinged beams With continuous columns + cantilevers + fixed beams

1 monolithic concrete 3 precast longitudinal beams 5 precast transversal beam 7 - precast longitudinal beams
Lect. Dr. Sorin DAN Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Structures

2p prestressed concrete slab p panel 4 precast RC continuous column + corbels 6 precast TT floor elements 8 precast RC continuous column + cantilevers
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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF LINEAR ELEMENTS ENTIRELY PRECAST


With continuous columns + corbels + hinged beams
Lighting panel

Wall

Window

Finish floor

Monolithic concrete

Wall

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF PARTIAL FRAMES - Joints placed at CS with minimum efforts


H frames with ith joints at half height T columns col mns + beams and joints at CS with 0 bending moment

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.3.

MULTI-STOREY STRUCTURES

- STRUCTURES MADE OF PARTIAL FRAMES


T or L partial frames with joints at half span Double hinged frames + simply supported beams

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.4.

PRECAST ELEMENTS

- LINEAR PRECAST ELEMENTS BEAMS

Part I
Lect. Dr. Sorin DAN Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Structures

Part II

Part III

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.4.

PRECAST ELEMENTS

- LINEAR PRECAST ELEMENTS COLUMNS

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.4.

PRECAST ELEMENTS

- SURFACE PRECAST ELEMENTS: - caisson; - TT and T (straight or curved); - hollow strips; - cellular concrete panels.

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.4.

PRECAST ELEMENTS

- SURFACE PRECAST ELEMENTS:


1 caisson 2 T straight 3 T curved 4 TT straight 5 TT curved 6 U elements 7 thin shells

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- TYPES OF JOINTS - Function of manufacture: - Wet joints: welded or lapped reinforcement + cast inplace concrete; continuous joints. - Dry joints: welding of embedded steel shapes + protection concrete. - Mixed joints: combination of the previous two. - Prestressed j joints: continuous j joints. - Function of static behaviour: - Rigid joints - Hinges - Partially rigid
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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN FOUNDATION JOINT

monolithic concrete

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN FOUNDATION JOINT

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN FOUNDATION JOINT

hinged joint

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN BEAM JOINT Exterior node:

mortar

stirrup

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN BEAM JOINT Interior node:

mortar t

stirrup

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN BEAM JOINT Column truss node:

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- COLUMN BEAM JOINT For multi-storey structures:


Edge column Rubber or steel ring Steel bar

Steel plate

Central column

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- SECONDARY BEAM PRIMARY BEAM JOINT 1 secondary beam 2 mortar 3 primary beam

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- SURFACE ELEMENTS BEAM JOINT

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- SURFACE ELEMENTS JOINT


Caisson joints: 1 caisson 2 mortar 3 beam b

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.5.

JOINTS

- SURFACE ELEMENTS JOINT


TT elements beam joint: 1, 2 steel plates 1 3 stirrups

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8.

PRECAST CONCRETE STRUCTURES

8.6.

DESIGN

- DIFFERENT STAGES OF DESIGN Ex.: at lifting different static diagrams:

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