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Gigabit Gi bit Passive P i Optical O ti l Networks N t k (GPON): (GPON) Making Waves in Your Local Area Network

John Hoover Tellabs, Inc. Senior Product Manager john.hoover@tellabs.com

Presentation Outline
1 - Introduction to GPON Technology
Fundamentals of GPON Architecture Benefits of Optical LANs Comparison to Active Ethernet and Traditional Copper/Fiber Deployment Analog voice and VoIP support RF video and IP video support Sample Floor Plan Extending GPON Architecture to your Campus/Base Secured PON Solution PON redundancy Fiber Technologies Overview Remote ONT Powering Testing for GPON Infrastructure Current Standards Limitations Impacting GPON Design Recent Standards Updates to Support GPON based Infrastructure Suggestions for Modification to the Standards Bodies
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2 - Designs Considerations for a GPON Network

3 - Structured Cabling Review

4 - Standards Bodies Considerations

5 - Q&A

Section 1
Introduction to GPON Technology

Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Optical Network Terminals (ONT) ( )

Core Layer-3 Network Interfaces


Optical Line Terminal (OLT)

1490nm
20km

1310nm

Optical Splitter (32:1) The Optical Line Terminal (OLT)


Acts as the central aggregation element Located in the Core Data Center Replaces multiple L2 switches Can aggregate thousands of end users
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Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Optical Network Terminals (ONT) ( )

Core Layer-3 Network Interfaces


Optical Line Terminal (OLT)

1490nm
20km

1310nm

Optical Splitter (32:1) Passive Optical Network (PON)


Completely passive infrastructure Single fiber carries multiple wavelengths 2.48 Gbps downstream 1.24 Gbps upstream Serve Remote Bldgs Up to 20Km

Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Optical Network Terminals (ONT) ( )

Core Layer-3 Network Interfaces


Optical Line Terminal (OLT)

1490nm
20km

1310nm

P Passive i O Optical ti l S Splitter litt F Feeding di FDH


Rack Mount or Cassette versions Splits single fiber up to 32 ways Can be located in the IDF/TR, under a raised fl floor, i in a ceiling ili zone b box, or i in a manhole. h l The further the splitter is extended to the desk, the greater the savings in fiber infrastructure

Optical Splitter (32:1)

Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Optical Network Terminals (ONT) ( )

Core Layer-3 Network Interfaces


Optical Line Terminal (OLT)

1490nm
20km

1310nm

Optical Splitter (32:1) Optical Network Terminals (ONT)


Terminates the fiber at the end user Provides Data, VoIP, IP Video services Some models also provide native POTS Desktop and MultiDesk Unit models
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Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Optical Network Terminals (ONT) ( )

Core Layer-3 Network Interfaces


Optical Line Terminal (OLT)

1490nm
20km

1310nm

Optical Splitter (32:1)

Fundamentals of GPON Infrastructure


Completely Single Mode fiber solution - Multimode fiber will not support the 20-30Km reach - Multimode cannot support multiple wavelengths For upstream/downstream traffic on single filament - Single mode supports over 69Tbps of throughput, making it a future proof transport medium

Turn this:

Benefits of fiber plant vs. copper:



Not susceptible N ibl to EMI Unmatched security from tampering and intrusion Lower material and installation cost Smaller cable footprint than a copper infrastructure

Into this:

A single strand of fiber (with a 1x32 splitter) can provided up to 128 GbE end user ports GPON connections are all simplex SC-APC connectors

Splitters are completely passive, and able to be placed in nearly any


accessible space (floor, ceiling box, closet, manholes)

Communications closets (IDF/TR) become passive spaces for the fiber


splitter, or simply a fiber pass thru.
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Benefits of Optical LANs


Up to 70% less Equipment CapEx Up to 50% less Infrastructure CapEx Up to 80% less power consumption Up to 90% less space utilization 5-9s reliability, y p physical y redundancy y and p provisionable QoS Tangible contributions to environmental green initiatives Future proof fiber optic LAN infrastructure Year-over-year lower total cost of ownership (lower OpEx) Graceful migration to a fully converged IP network
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Fiber based PON deployments

Source: TE Connectivity Optical LAN Systems Capabilities Overview and Fast Facts

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Section 2
Design Considerations for a GPON Network

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Structured Cabling Solutions


3 networks for 3 services ~ Today Todays s Voice, Data & Video LAN
2,000m Limitation 90m Limitation

*BICSI TDMM requires 2 cables (copper or fiber) per desk to constitute a work area outlet (WAO) 13
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Structured Cabling Solutions


PON Based Service Delivery ~ 1 network for ALL services
20-30km System Reach

A desktop GPON deployment utilizes a single, simplex fiber to provide up to four GbE data, RF video and analog voice services
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GPON Based Service Delivery:


Analog & VoIP Support
GPON was designed to carry both Analog POTS and Data services
- VoIP services are carried as a high-priority data service - GPON enables Analog Voice to be converted into VoIP directly within the ONT - Both VoIP and Analog POTS are carried thru GPON network identically
Certain ONTs convert Analog Voice Digital VoIP
VoIP Network VoIP Phone Analog voice ports PON Splitter TDM Network Voice-Over-IP RTP via RFC-3550 SIP via RFC-3261
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Analog Phone

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GPON Based Service Delivery:


RF Video Distribution Support
OLT

1490nm

1310nm
W D M

Coaxial F-Connector PON Splitter

WDM is simple COTS device

1550nm

RF Video Head-End

ONT with RF interface option

Benefits of RF Video Overlay


- Carriage of RF signals is transparent to GPON - Transparent to head-end solution - Multiple vendors for head-end equipment - GPON provides remote ON/OFF control at end user

Transmitter / Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)

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Side-by-Side Comparison
Traditional LAN Passive Optical Network
1x32 Splitter
(Ceiling Mounted)

IDF/TR Turned into storage

Min 2x Copper Cat5e/6/6a Cabling


(295 max)

Access Layer Switches

Desktop ONT
(32 per Splitter)

24-Port Rack Mounted ONT

1x8 Splitter
(Rack Mounted)

Single or Multi Mode Fiber Riser Redundant Layer-3 Core WAN/ Internet Core Router

Min 2x Copper Cat5e/6/6a Cabling


(295 max)

SM Fiber Riser Redundant Layer-3 Core

WAN/ Internet Core Router

GPON OLT

PON Layer-1 cabling & splitters on average cost 50% less than traditional copper based solutions
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Sample p Floor Plan Layout y


Each zone is broken into between 19 and 24 ONTs, allowing g for a 25% sparing p g of splitter ports for growth J-Hook pathways are more than adequate to support the small amount of single mode fiber. ONTs can be plugged in at the desk or powered with phantom network power (2 conductor for DC power under the same jacket as the fiber), and fed from the ceiling zone box with a 1RU power distribution unit ONT can be enclosed, allowing the ports to be extended t d df from the th ONT to t modular furniture outlet plates
OLT Rack & Core Network

Simplex SM OFNP (rec 2 growth) ) strands for g

Desk Mounted ONT (Single SM Fiber from Zone Box mounted splitter

Ceiling Mounted Zone Box (contains 1RU Splitter)

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Campus/Base Deployment Architecture


Take Away #2: Design the OSP and ISP plant and routing to allow for multiple fibers to the desktop and closet for geographically diverse routing and redundancy of a PON link or ONT
Redundant PON Splitter #1 #2 Dual PON ONTs

MCN/ADN #1
OSP to ISP LIU
Protected P t t d PON LINK

OLT Peering Point


Optical Switch providing Dual Homing of the PON link to two diverse OLTs

MCN/ADN #2

Take Away #1: A combination of fiber to the desk and copper based solutions is common to meet differing g customer requirements. q Placing g an MDU ONT in a AV rack in a Conf/Training room can minimize copper cable runs
3rd Floor: Fiber to the Desk & Training Rooms with MDU ONT

OLT Peering Point


Closet Mounted PON Splitter 2nd Floor: Fiber to the Desktop

Take Away #3: GPON infrastructure does not negate the need to follow cabling best practices or administrative labeling/documentation rituals. It only negates the high density of patch panel racks and patch cables

1st Floor: Existing Copper Horizontal

OSP to ISP LIU

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Secure PON Overview


LAN Protection Methods for SIPR Applications:
1. NSA Approved Desktop Encryption Devices 2. Hardened Protected Distribution Systems (PDS) 3. Smart Protected Distribution Systems (PDS)

GPON

Alarmed PDS

Secure PON

GPON Splitter and Fiber Patch Panel

Fiber Optic Cable

GPON ONT

GPON OLT

Interceptor Alarm Point


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PON Redundancy y Options p


GPON Optical LAN solution provides for 99.999% availability with i h a single i l PON i interface f to the h ONT ONTs This deployment architecture meets the UCR 2008 requirements i t f for N Non-C2 C2 and d C2 users
- Maximum 96 VoIP phones on a single unprotected link

Certain network deployments require a redundant fiber path (facility) to the communication closet
- Example: Special C2 users

For these deployment needs, Optical LAN solutions offer the following PON redundancy options

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PON Redundancy Options:


1) ) Optical p Switch, , 2) ) 2:32 Splitter, p , 3) ) Dual GPON MAC ONTs
Optical Switch 2:32 Splitter DUAL GPON MAC

Optical Switch

2:32 Splitter

1:32 Splitter

1:32 Splitter

GPON ONTs

GPON ONTs

Dual GPON MAC O ti l N Optical Network t k Terminals T i l (ONT (ONTs) )

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Section 3
Structured Cabling Overview

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Communications Closet:
Edge Switches vs vs. Passive Fiber Splitter
Before After

Passive Fiber Splitter Cassette

Active Electronics with Power, HVAC, Copper Cable etc...

Terminal Style Splitter/Distro System

Passive Fiber Splitter Rack Mount

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Why y choose fiber?


Superior Performance:
Optical fiber offers far greater bandwidth and distance. A single generation of optical fiber has outlasted and outperformed seven generations of copper cable.

Ease of Installation:
Optical fiber has become increasingly easier to install while copper has b become even more complex, l attempting tt ti t to k keep up with ith performance f demands. No shielding is required to protect fiber optic cables from electromagnetic interference (EMI) or Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) and fiber optic cables are far easier to test and certify.

Unmatched Security:
Harder to tap into than copper and not vulnerable to EMI, optical fiber is inherently safer at keeping information securely flowing where it needs to go and not into the wrong hands.

Easy to Upgrade:
Minimize your network downtime during expansions and upgrades, using your existing fiber optic cable and replacing only the electronics, rather than replacing the entire infrastructure.

Smaller ll Footprint: i
Fiber optic cables have a much smaller size and lighter weight than copper cables providing the same capacity.
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Fiber versus Copper in the LAN Horizontal


Riser Rated cables Bend Insensitive Single-Fiber Cable
40 km 2.9 mm 4 lb/1000ft 5 mm

Tier 1 Vendor Category 5e UTP


45 m 5.7 mm 22 lb/1000ft 22.8 mm

Tier 1 Vendor Category 6a UTP


100 m 7.5 mm 39 lb/1000ft 30 mm

10G Distance Cable OD Weight Minimum Bend Radius Tensile T il Strength St th (Installation)

48 lbf

25 lbf

25 lbf

Relative Bend Radius Comparison

Relative Cable Diameter Comparison

30 mm 22.8 mm 5 mm

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Fiber versus Copper in the LAN Horizontal


Riser Rated cables Bend Insensitive Single-Fiber Cable
40 km 2.9 mm 4 lb/1000ft 5 mm

Tier 1 Vendor Category 5e UTP


45 m 5.7 mm 22 lb/1000ft 22.8 mm

Tier 1 Vendor Category 6a UTP


100 m 7.5 mm 39 lb/1000ft 30 mm

10G Distance Cable OD Weight Minimum Bend Radius Tensile T il Strength St th (Installation)

48 lbf

25 lbf

25 lbf

Relative Bend Radius Comparison

Relative Cable Diameter Comparison

30 mm 22.8 mm 5 mm

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Optical LAN Remote Powering ONTs


Hybrid Fiber / Copper
Communication Closet
Solution provided in conjunction with infrastructure partner

Walls and Ceiling Structured Cabling


10/2 Low Voltage Cable
Opt. FDT

Office Environment
Single Mode Link & 22/2 Low Voltage Power Cable Under a Single Jacket

Bulk rectifier with battery back-up, can be existing system. Provides 48Vdc to existing Cat5 cables or hybrid fiber/copper cable

Rectifier

2x2 Ceiling Zone Box w/ 1x32 1RU Splitter and 1RU power distribution unit (32x 1.5A -48Vdc outputs)

FDH

Cable Gauge Max Distance 22/2 250 20/2 350 18/2 500 16/2 750 14/2 1000

709GP ONT w/ 48Vdc input

Main Aggregation Room

Benefits include:
1) Eliminates any requirement for local AC or DC power at the desk. Ideal or placing PoE ONTs in the ceiling plenum without an AC connection 2) Centralizes battery and potentially increases battery back up time at the TR/IDF Closet
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Tellabs 1150 OLT

Optical LAN Remote Powering ONTs


Hybrid Fiber / Copper
Communication Closet
Solution provided in conjunction with infrastructure partner

Walls and Ceiling Structured Cabling


10/2 Low Voltage Cable
Opt. FDT

Office Environment
Single Mode Link & 22/2 Low Voltage Power Cable Under a Single Jacket

Bulk rectifier with battery back-up, can be existing system. Provides 48Vdc to existing Cat5 cables or hybrid fiber/copper cable

Rectifier

2x2 Ceiling Zone Box w/ 1x32 1RU Splitter and 1RU power distribution unit (32x 1.5A -48Vdc outputs)

FDH

Cable Gauge Max Distance 22/2 250 20/2 350 18/2 500 16/2 750 14/2 1000

709GP ONT w/ 48Vdc input

Main Aggregation Room

Benefits include:
1) Eliminates any requirement for local AC or DC power at the desk. Ideal or placing PoE ONTs in the ceiling plenum without an AC connection 2) Centralizes battery and potentially increases battery back up time at the TR/IDF Closet
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Tellabs 1150 OLT

Optical LAN Remote Powering ONTs


Hybrid Fiber / Copper
Communication Closet
Solution provided in conjunction with infrastructure partner

Walls and Ceiling Structured Cabling


10/2 Low Voltage Cable
Opt. FDT

Office Environment
Single Mode Link & 22/2 Low Voltage Power Cable Under a Single Jacket

Bulk rectifier with battery back-up, can be existing system. Provides 48Vdc to existing Cat5 cables or hybrid fiber/copper cable

Rectifier

2x2 Ceiling Zone Box w/ 1x32 1RU Splitter and 1RU power distribution unit (32x 1.5A -48Vdc outputs)

FDH

Cable Gauge Max Distance 22/2 250 20/2 350 18/2 500 16/2 750 14/2 1000

709GP ONT w/ 48Vdc input

Main Aggregation Room

Benefits include:
1) Eliminates any requirement for local AC or DC power at the desk. Ideal or placing PoE ONTs in the ceiling plenum without an AC connection 2) Centralizes battery and potentially increases battery back up time at the TR/IDF Closet
30

Tellabs 1150 OLT

Optical LAN Remote Powering ONTs


Hybrid Fiber / Copper
Communication Closet
Solution provided in conjunction with infrastructure partner

Walls and Ceiling Structured Cabling


10/2 Low Voltage Cable
Opt. FDT

Office Environment
Single Mode Link & 22/2 Low Voltage Power Cable Under a Single Jacket

Bulk rectifier with battery back-up, can be existing system. Provides 48Vdc to existing Cat5 cables or hybrid fiber/copper cable

Rectifier

2x2 Ceiling Zone Box w/ 1x32 1RU Splitter and 1RU power distribution unit (32x 1.5A -48Vdc outputs)

FDH

Cable Gauge Max Distance 22/2 250 20/2 350 18/2 500 16/2 750 14/2 1000

709GP ONT w/ 48Vdc input

Main Aggregation Room

Benefits include:
1) Eliminates any requirement for local AC or DC power at the desk. Ideal or placing PoE ONTs in the ceiling plenum without an AC connection 2) Centralizes battery and potentially increases battery back up time at the TR/IDF Closet
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Tellabs 1150 OLT

Testing g Simplex p SM Fiber for GPON


A standard power loss test at 1490nm (GPON Downstream) and 1550nm (RF video) is sufficient for
certifying an in building GPON fiber network New OSP cabling should be subject to OTDR testing in addition to a channel link power loss test test. The channel link should be tested from the fiber connecting to the OLT PON port, thru the splitter, to the fiber connecting to the ONT The total loss permitted in a GPON network (per the ITU standards) is 8 to 28 dB including the splitter, fiber loss over distance, distance and combined splices (max .75dB/connector) 75dB/connector) and adapter panels

OLT

Splitter
(1x32: ~16.7 dB loss)

GPON ONT

Channel Link
(8 28 dB Loss Budget)

Sample GPON Channel Link Test


Item Qty Loss (dB) Total Loss (dB)

Total Channel Link Distance (km): 4 0.5 Total Fusion Splices 4 0.1 Total Mechanical Connectors 4 0.4 Total Bulkhead Adapters 3 0.7 Passive 1x32 Splitter 1 16.7 Total Channel Link Loss:

2 0.4 1.6 2.1 16.7 22.8

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Section 4
Standards Bodies Limitations and Suggestions

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Current Limitations in the Standards for Design/Engineering


BICSI TDMM provides no mention of innovative solutions, such as GPON, , outside of FTTH for the residential market Current Guidelines state the following:
A permanent WAO consists of a minimum of two copper and/or multi-mode fiber cables Backbone fiber cabling is limited to 2000m (6560 ft) ft), far less than the 20km reach of a GPON network. Minimum IDF/TR spaces are set at 10 ft x 8 ft, when spaces this size are no longer required

Current BICSI Network LAN Layout

Most A&E firms will continue to design


large IDF/TR closets with high volume HVAC and electrical systems to meet the legacy copper infrastructure and Active Ethernet deployments

Without the standards bodies (BICSI,


TIA, etc) providing guidelines for GPON design d i and d best b practices, i creating and stamping a design is difficult to stand behind
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Recent Standards Body Inclusion of GPON


The current TIA/EIA-568-C TIA/EIA 568 C draft standard provides inclusion for GPON
distances and the high dB loss budget of a GPON network. This standard will allow A&E firms and engineers to reference a valid standards number in their GPON specifications. (due to be voted on in Dec-2011)

Department of Defense has made many recent inclusions of GPON technology


in recent solicitations, allowing for industry comment and suggestions to the solicitation li it ti requirements i t l language.

The most recent version of the Unified Capabilities Requirements (UCR 2008
Change 3) has specific sections devoted to GPON networks in the military.

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Section 5 Q&A

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Thank you for your time and consideration


John Hoover Tellabs, Inc. Senior Product Manager John.hoover@tellabs.com